Polymer Physics

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Springer Science & Business Media, 31/mag/1995 - 298 pagine
3 Recensioni
This book is the result of my teaching efforts during the last ten years at the Royal Institute of Technology. The purpose is to present the subject of polymer physics for undergraduate and graduate students, to focus the fundamental aspects of the subject and to show the link between experiments and theory. The intention is not to present a compilation of the currently available literature on the subject. Very few reference citations have thus been made. Each chapter has essentially the same structure: starling with an introduction, continuing with the actual subject, summarizing the chapter in 30D-500 words, and finally presenting problems and a list of relevant references for the reader. The solutions to the problems presented in Chapters 1-12 are given in Chapter 13. The theme of the book is essentially polymer science, with the exclusion of that part dealing directly with chemical reactions. The fundamentals in polymer science, including some basic polymer chemistry, are presented as an introduction in the first chapter. The next eight chapters deal with different phenomena (processes) and states of polymers. The last three chapters were written with the intention of making the reader think practically about polymer physics. How can a certain type of problem be solved? What kinds of experiment should be conducted? This book would never have been written without the help of my friend and adviser, Dr Anthony Bristow, who has spent many hours reading through the manuscript. criticizing the content.
  

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Indice

A brief introduction to polymer science
1
12 Configurational states
2
13 Homopolymers and copolymers
5
14 Molecular architecture
6
17 Polymerization
12
18 Thermal transitions and physical structures
13
19 Polymer materials
15
111 Summary
18
75 Methods of assessing supermolecular structure
155
76 Degree of crystallinity
157
77 Relaxation processes in semicrystalline polymers
162
78 Summary
164
79 Exercises
165
710 References
166
711 Suggested further reading
167
Crystallization kinetics
169

Chain conformation in polymers
19
22 Experimental determination of dimensions of chain molecules
21
23 Characteristic dimensions of random coil polymers
23
24 Models for calculating the average endtoend distance for an ensemble of statistical chains
24
25 Randomflight analysis
33
26 Chains with preferred conformation
35
27 Summary
36
28 Exercises
37
29 References
38
The rubber elastic state
39
energetic and entropic elastic forces
41
33 The statistical mechanical theory of rubber elasticity
44
34 Swelling of rubbers in solvents
48
36 Smallangle neutron scattering data
51
39 Exercises
52
310 References
53
Polymer solution
55
43 The FloryHuggins theory
58
44 Concentration regimes in polymer solutions
65
45 The solubility parameter concept
66
46 Equationofstate theories
68
47 Polymerpolymer blends
70
48 Summary
73
49 Exercises
74
410 References
75
The glassy amorphous state
77
52 The glass transition temperature
78
53 Nonequilibrium features of glassy polymers and physical ageing
82
54 Theories for the glass transition
87
55 Mechanical behaviour of glassy amorphous polymers
89
56 Structure of glassy amorphous polymers
95
57 Summary
96
58 Exercises
97
510 Suggested further reading
98
The molten state
99
63 Measurement of rheological properties of molten polymers
104
64 Flexiblechain polymers
105
65 Liquidcrystalline polymers
109
66 Summary
127
67 Exercises
128
Crystalline polymers
129
68 References
131
72 The crystal lamella
137
73 Crystals grown from the melt and the crystal lamella stack
147
74 Supermolecular structure
151
82 The equilibrium melting temperature
171
83 The general Avrami equation
175
84 Growth theories
178
85 Molecular fractionation
189
86 Orientationinduced crystallization
194
87 Summary
195
88 Exercises
197
89 References
198
Chain orientation
199
93 Methods for assessment of uniaxial chain orientation
203
94 Methods for assessment of biaxial chain orientation
208
96 Properties of oriented polymers
211
97 Summary
214
98 Exercises
215
99 References
216
Thermal analysis of polymers
217
102 Thermoanalytical methods
218
103 Thermal behaviour of polymers
226
104 Summary
234
106 References
236
107 Suggested further reading
237
Microscopy of polymers
239
112 Optical microscopy OM
241
113 Electron microscopy
244
114 Preparation of specimens for microscopy
247
115 Applications of polymer microscopy
252
116 Summary
256
118 References
257
Spectroscopy and scattering of polymers
259
122 Spectroscopy
260
123 Scattering and diffraction methods
269
124 Summary
273
Solutions to problems given in exercises
275
Chapter 3
278
Chapter 4
279
Chapter 5
281
Chapter 6
282
Chapter 7
283
Chapter 8
286
Chapter 9
287
Chapter 10
289
Chapter 11
291
References
292
Index
293
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