Peasants and Slaves: The Rural Population of Roman Italy (200 BC to AD 100)
Cambridge University Press, 19/mag/2011 - 349 pagine
The crisis of the Roman Republic and its transformation into an Empire have fascinated generations of scholars. It has long been assumed that a dramatic demographic decline of the rural free peasantry (which was supplanted by slaves) triggered the series of social and economic developments which eventually led to Rome's political crisis during the first century BC. This book contributes to a lively debate by exploring both the textual and the archaeological evidence and by tracing and reassessing the actual fate of the Italian rural free population between the Late Republic and the Early Empire. Data derived from a comparative analysis of twenty-seven archaeological surveys - and about five thousand sites - allow Dr Launaro to outline a radically new picture according to which episodes of local decline are placed within a much more generalised pattern of demographic growth.
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part i An outline of the historical demography of Roman Italy
part ii Demography and landscape archaeology
part iii Archaeological evidence from surveys
part iv The rural population of Roman Italy 200 bc ad 100
according adult male citizens ager Albegna Valley amphorae analysis Apulia assumed Augustan Augustus based on Table Beloch Biferno Brunt calibration Campania Carandini Carta Archeologica Cascio census cent chronological citizen population civium capita Collatia comparative Comune count decline demographic debate density derived Early Empire Early Imperial estimates Etruria Farm 1 Farm Farm Farm Farm Farm Farm Villa Farm Villa Farm Farm Villa Villa farm1 Farm2 Fentress figures Forma Italiae Fregellae growth high-count I.OO I.OO I.OO imply interpretation IOO I00 landscape archaeology Late Republic Ligt Livy low-count LR and EE LRV EEV Trend lustrum million Naturalis Historia Nonetheless number of sites OO OO OO overall periodisation Polybius population density Poviglio Quilici reference result Rieti Roman Italy Rome Samnium Scheidel second century bc seems significant specific suburbium tenants Terrenato Tiberius Gracchus Type LRV EEV urban Villa Farm Villa Villa Villa Farm Villa Villa Villa Witcher