Multimedia Environmental Models: The Fugacity Approach, Second Edition
CRC Press, 12 dic 2010 - 272 pagine
Completely revised and updated, Multimedia Environmental Models: The Fugacity Approach, Second Edition continues to provide simple techniques for calculating how chemicals behave in the environment, where they accumulate, how long they persist, and how this leads to human exposure. The book develops, describes, and illustrates the framework and procedures for calculating the behavior of chemicals in our multimedia environment of air, water, soil, and sediments, as well as the diversity of biota that reside in these media.
While other books focus on specific compartments, such as the atmosphere, or specific substances, such as PCBs, this book presents the big picture of how organic chemicals behave in the total environment. It does this by providing examples of calculation methods based on the fugacity approach and explaining how to access up-to-date property databases and estimation methods as well as computer programs, which are available from the Internet. In addition, the models are Web based, instead of on a floppy disk as in the previous edition.
Building on the work developed in the First Edition, the Second Edition includes:
When you need to make assessments of chemical behavior you need current, comprehensive. Multimedia Environmental Models: The Fugacity Approach provides you with not only an understanding of how the multitude of organic chemicals behave in the total environment, but also with practical examples of how this behavior can be predicted using the fugacity approach.
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acids activity coefficient advection aerosol air and water air phase amount of chemical applies approach atmosphere behavior benzene bioaccumulation biomagnification biota calculations chemical fate compartments compounds concentration containing correlations D values deduced defined degradation density deposition emission environmental equilibrium estimated evaluative environment example exposure factor Figure fish flow flux fugacity FUGACITY FORM half-life heat capacity Henry's law Henry's law constant hydrophobic inflow input interface lake Level lipid liquid Mackay mass balance mass transfer coefficient measured mol/h molar molar mass molecules moles naphthalene octanol organic carbon organic chemicals organic matter outflow output overall oxygen particles partition coefficient PCBs pesticide processes properties quantity rate constant ratio reaction rate residence resistance sediment soil solids solute sorbed steady-state substances temperature toxic transport units unsteady-state uptake values vapor pressure velocity volatilization volume fraction zero
Pagina 241 - Development of a general kinetic model for biodegradation and its application to chlorophenols and related compounds, Environ.
Pagina 257 - Organophosphate and Organophosphorothionate Esters: Application of Linear Free Energy Relationships to Estimate Hydrolysis Rate Constants for Use in Environmental Assessment,
Pagina 241 - Volume fraction" correlation for narcosis in aquatic organisms: the key role of partitioning.