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Numero di pubblicazioneCA2395398 A1
Tipo di pubblicazioneRichiesta
Numero domandaCA 2395398
numero PCTPCT/US2001/001358
Data di pubblicazione2 ago 2001
Data di registrazione17 gen 2001
Data di priorità31 gen 2000
Pubblicato anche comeCA2392398A1, CA2392422A1, CA2392428A1, CA2392438A1, CA2392450A1, CA2392751A1, CA2392757A1, CA2393002A1, CA2393618A1, CA2393652A1, CA2393912A1, CA2394039A1, CA2394841A1, CA2395178A1, CA2395295A1, CA2395403A1, CA2395654A1, CA2395666A1, CA2395671A1, CA2395693A1, CA2395699A1, CA2395724A1, CA2395729A1, CA2395734A1, CA2395738A1, CA2395787A1, CA2395816A1, CA2395827A1, CA2395849A1, CA2395858A1, CA2395872A1, CA2395885A1, CA2397407A1, CA2397839A1, CA2398411A1, CA2398877A1, WO2001054473A2, WO2001054473A8, WO2001054474A2, WO2001054474A8, WO2001054733A1, WO2001054733A8, WO2001055163A1, WO2001055163A8, WO2001055173A2, WO2001055173A8, WO2001055200A1, WO2001055200A8, WO2001055201A1, WO2001055201A8, WO2001055202A1, WO2001055202A8, WO2001055203A1, WO2001055203A8, WO2001055204A1, WO2001055204A8, WO2001055205A1, WO2001055205A8, WO2001055206A1, WO2001055206A8, WO2001055207A1, WO2001055207A8, WO2001055208A1, WO2001055208A8, WO2001055301A2, WO2001055301A3, WO2001055301A8, WO2001055302A2, WO2001055302A3, WO2001055302A8, WO2001055303A2, WO2001055303A3, WO2001055303A8, WO2001055304A2, WO2001055304A3, WO2001055304A8, WO2001055307A2, WO2001055307A3, WO2001055307A8, WO2001055308A2, WO2001055308A3, WO2001055308A8, WO2001055309A2, WO2001055309A3, WO2001055309A8, WO2001055310A2, WO2001055310A3, WO2001055310A8, WO2001055311A2, WO2001055311A3, WO2001055311A8, WO2001055312A2, WO2001055312A3, WO2001055312A8, WO2001055314A2, WO2001055314A3, WO2001055314A8, WO2001055315A2, WO2001055315A3, WO2001055315A8, WO2001055316A2, WO2001055316A3, WO2001055316A8, WO2001055318A2, WO2001055318A3, WO2001055318A8, WO2001055319A2, WO2001055319A3, WO2001055319A8, WO2001055320A2, WO2001055320A3, WO2001055320A8, WO2001055321A2, WO2001055321A3, WO2001055321A8, WO2001055322A2, WO2001055322A3, WO2001055322A8, WO2001055323A2, WO2001055323A3, WO2001055323A8, WO2001055324A2, WO2001055324A3, WO2001055324A8, WO2001055325A2, WO2001055325A3, WO2001055325A8, WO2001055327A2, WO2001055327A3, WO2001055327A8, WO2001055328A2, WO2001055328A3, WO2001055328A8, WO2001055343A1, WO2001055343A8, WO2001055350A1, WO2001055350A8, WO2001055355A1, WO2001055355A8, WO2001055364A2, WO2001055364A3, WO2001055364A8, WO2001055367A1, WO2001055367A8, WO2001055368A1, WO2001055368A8, WO2001055387A1, WO2001055387A8, WO2001055447A1, WO2001055447A8, WO2001055448A1, WO2001055448A8, WO2001057182A2, WO2001057182A3, WO2001059064A2, WO2001059064A3
Numero di pubblicazioneCA 2395398, CA 2395398 A1, CA 2395398A1, CA-A1-2395398, CA2395398 A1, CA2395398A1, PCT/2001/1358, PCT/US/1/001358, PCT/US/1/01358, PCT/US/2001/001358, PCT/US/2001/01358, PCT/US1/001358, PCT/US1/01358, PCT/US1001358, PCT/US101358, PCT/US2001/001358, PCT/US2001/01358, PCT/US2001001358, PCT/US200101358
InventoriCraig A. Rosen, Steven M. Ruben, Steven C. Barash
CandidatoHuman Genome Sciences, Inc., Craig A. Rosen, Steven M. Ruben, Steven C. Barash
Esporta citazioneBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Link esterni:  CIPO, Espacenet
Nucleic acids, proteins, and antibodies
CA 2395398 A1
Estratto
The present invention relates to novel proteins. More specifically, isolated nucleic acid molecules are provided encoding novel polypeptides. Novel polypeptides and antibodies that bind to these polypeptides are provided. Also provided are vectors, host cells, and recombinant and synthetic methods for producing human polynucleotides and/or polypeptides, and antibodies. The invention further relates to diagnostic and therapeutic methods useful for diagnosing, treating, preventing and/or prognosing disorders related to these novel polypeptides. The invention further relates to screening methods for identifying agonists and antagonists of polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention. The present invention further relates to methods and/or compositions for inhibiting or enhancing the production and function of the polypeptides of the present invention.
Rivendicazioni(24)
1. An isolated nucleic acid molecule comprising a polynucleotide having a nucleotide sequence at least 95% identical to a sequence selected from the group consisting of:
(a) a polynucleotide fragment of SEQ ID NO:X or a polynucleotide fragment of the cDNA sequence contained in Clone ID NO:Z, which is hybridizable to SEQ ID
NO:X;
(b) a polynucleotide encoding a polypeptide fragment of SEQ ID NO:Y or a polypeptide fragment encoded by the cDNA sequence contained in cDNA Clone ID
NO:Z, which is hybridizable to SEQ ID NO:X;
(c) a polynucleotide encoding a polypeptide fragment of a polypeptide encoded by SEQ ID NO:X or a polypeptide fragment encoded by the cDNA sequence contained in cDNA Clone ID NO:Z, which is hybridizable to SEQ ID NO:X;
(d) a polynucleotide encoding a polypeptide domain of SEQ ID NO:Y or a polypeptide domain encoded by the cDNA sequence contained in cDNA Clone ID
NO:Z, which is hybridizable to SEQ ID NO:X;
(e) a polynucleotide encoding a polypeptide epitope of SEQ ID NO:Y or a polypeptide epitope encoded by the cDNA sequence contained in cDNA Clone ID
NO:Z, which is hybridizable to SEQ ID NO:X;
(f) a polynucleotide encoding a polypeptide of SEQ ID NO:Y or the cDNA
sequence contained in cDNA Clone ID NO:Z, which is hybridizable to SEQ ID NO:X, having biological activity;
(g) a polynucleotide which is a variant of SEQ ID NO:X;
(h) a polynucleotide which is an allelic variant of SEQ ID NO:X;
(i) a polynucleotide which encodes a species homologue of the SEQ ID NO:Y;
(j) a polynucleotide capable of hybridizing under stringent conditions to any one of the polynucleotides specified in (a)-(i), wherein said polynucleotide does not hybridize under stringent conditions to a nucleic acid molecule having a nucleotide sequence of only A
residues or of only T residues.
2. The isolated nucleic acid molecule of claim 1, wherein the polynucleotide fragment comprises a nucleotide sequence encoding a protein.
3. The isolated nucleic acid molecule of claim 1, wherein the polynucleotide fragment comprises a nucleotide sequence encoding the sequence identified as SEQ ID NO:Y
or the polypeptide encoded by the cDNA sequence contained in cDNA Clone ID
NO:Z, which is hybridizable to SEQ ID NO:X.
4. The isolated nucleic acid molecule of claim 1, wherein the polynucleotide fragment comprises the entire nucleotide sequence of SEQ ID NO:X or the cDNA
sequence contained in cDNA Clone ID NO:Z, which is hybridizable to SEQ ID NO:X.
5. The isolated nucleic acid molecule of claim 2, wherein the nucleotide sequence comprises sequential nucleotide deletions from either the C-terminus or the N-terminus.
6. The isolated nucleic acid molecule of claim 3, wherein the nucleotide sequence comprises sequential nucleotide deletions from either the C-terminus or the N-terminus.
7. A recombinant vector comprising the isolated nucleic acid molecule of claim 1.
8. A method of making a recombinant host cell comprising the isolated nucleic acid molecule of claim 1.
9. A recombinant host cell produced by the method of claim 8.
10. The recombinant host cell of claim 9 comprising vector sequences.
11. An isolated polypeptide comprising an amino acid sequence at least 90%
identical to a sequence selected from the group consisting of:
(a) a polypeptide fragment of SEQ ID NO:Y or the encoded sequence contained in cDNA Clone ID NO:Z;
(b) a polypeptide fragment of SEQ ID NO:Y or the encoded sequence contained in cDNA Clone ID NO:Z, having biological activity;

(c) a polypeptide domain of SEQ ID NO:Y or the encoded sequence contained in cDNA Clone ID NO:Z;
(d) a polypeptide epitope of SEQ ID NO:Y or the encoded sequence contained in cDNA Clone ID NO:Z;
(e) a full length protein of SEQ ID NO:Y or the encoded sequence contained in cDNA
Clone ID NO:Z;
(f) a variant of SEQ ID NO:Y;
(g) an allelic variant of SEQ ID NO:Y; or (h) a species homologue of the SEQ ID NO:Y.
12. The isolated polypeptide of claim 11, wherein the full length protein comprises sequential amino acid deletions from either the C-terminus or the N-terminus.
13. An isolated antibody that binds specifically to the isolated polypeptide of claim 11.
14. A recombinant host cell that expresses the isolated polypeptide of claim 11.
15. A method of making an isolated polypeptide comprising:
(a) culturing the recombinant host cell of claim 14 under conditions such that said polypeptide is expressed; and (b) recovering said polypeptide.
16. The polypeptide produced by claim 15.
17. A method for preventing, treating, or ameliorating a medical condition, comprising administering to a mammalian subject a therapeutically effective amount of the polynucleotide of claim 1.
18. A method of diagnosing a pathological condition or a susceptibility to a pathological condition in a subject comprising:
(a) determining the presence or absence of a mutation in the polynucleotide of claim 1; and (b) diagnosing a pathological condition or a susceptibility to a pathological condition based on the presence or absence of said mutation.
19. A method of diagnosing a pathological condition or a susceptibility to a pathological condition in a subject comprising:

(a) determining the presence or amount of expression of the polypeptide of claim 11 in a biological sample; and (b) diagnosing a pathological condition or a susceptibility to a pathological condition based on the presence or amount of expression of the polypeptide.
20. A method for identifying a binding partner to the polypeptide of claim 11 comprising:
(a) contacting the polypeptide of claim 11 with a binding partner; and (b) determining whether the binding partner effects an activity of the polypeptide.
21. The gene corresponding to the cDNA sequence of SEQ ID NO:Y.
22. A method of identifying an activity in a biological assay, wherein the method comprises:
(a) expressing SEQ ID NO:X in a cell;

(b) isolating the supernatant;

(c) detecting an activity in a biological assay; and identifying the protein in the supernatant having the activity.
23. The product produced by the method of claim 20.
24. A method for preventing, treating, or ameliorating a medical condition, comprising administering to a mammalian subject a therapeutically effective amount of the polypeptide of claim 11.
Descrizione  (il testo OCR potrebbe contenere errori)

DEMANDE OU BREVET VOLUMINEUX
LA PRESENTE PARTIE DE CETTE DEMANDE OU CE BREVET COMPREND
PLUS D'UN TOME.

~~ TTENANT LES PAGES 1 A 379 NOTE : Pour les tomes additionels, veuillez contacter 1e Bureau canadien des brevets JUMBO APPLICATIONS/PATENTS
THIS SECTION OF THE APPLICATION/PATENT CONTAINS MORE THAN ONE
VOLUME

NOTE: For additional volumes, please contact the Canadian Patent Office NOM DU FICHIER / FILE NAME
NOTE POUR LE TOME / VOLUME NOTE:

Nucleic Acids, Proteins, and Antibodies [1] This application refers to a "Sequence Listing" that is provided only on electronic media in computer readable form pursuant to Administrative Instructions Section 801 (a)(i).
The Sequence Listing forms a part of this description pursuant to Rule 5.2 and Administrative Instructions Sections 801 to 806, and is hereby incorporated in its entirety.

[2] The Sequence Listing is provided as an electronic file (PJZ07 seqList.txt, 1,401,914 bytes in size, created on January 13, 2001) on four identical compact discs (CD-R), labeled "COPY 1," "COPY 2," "COPY 3,"-end "CRF." The Sequence Listing complies with Annex C of the Administrative Instructions, and may be viewed, for example, on an IBM-PC machine running the MS-Windows operating system by using the V viewer software, version 2000 (see World Wide Web URL: http://www.fileviewer.com).
Field of the ~Tnventiore [3] The present invention relates to novel proteins. More specifically, isolated nucleic acid molecules are provided encoding novel polypeptides. Novel polypeptides and antibodies that bind to these polypeptides are provided. Also provided are vectois, host cells, and recombinant and synthetic methods for producing human polynucleotides and/or polypeptides, and antibodies. The invention further relates to diagnostic and therapeutic methods useful for diagnosing, treating, preventing and/or prognosing disorders related to these novel polypeptides. The invention further relates to screening methods for identifying agonists and antagonists of polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention.
The present invention further relates to methods and/or compositions for inhibiting or enhancing the production and function of the polypeptides of the,present invention.
Background of the Invention [4j Neoplastic disease (or cancer) is actually a diverse group of diseases sharing one characteristic in common; all neoplastic diseases (cancers) result from the uncontrolled proliferation of cells. The human body is composed of many different cell types, e.g. liver cells, muscle cells, brain cells, etc. Normally, these cells grow and divide to produce more cells only as the body needs them (e.g. to regenerate blood cells or replace epithelial cells lining the stomach). Sometimes, however, cells begin to divide unchecked even though new cells are not needed. These extra cells accumulate and form a mass of tissue, called a tumor.
Although each of the over 200 cell types in the body can potentially become cancerous, some cell types become cancerous at relatively high rates while many other cell types rarely become cancerous.
[5j Tumors are either benign or malignant. Benign tumors are not cancerous;
they can usually be removed, they do not spread to other parts of the body and, they rarely threaten life. Malignant tumors, however, are cancerous. Cells in malignant tumors can invade and damage nearby or distant tissues and organs. The spread of cancerous cells is called metastasis. Malignant (or metastatic) cells can invade adjacent organs by proliferating directly from the primary tumor. Additionally, malignant cells can also metastasize to distant organs by breaking away from the primary tumor, entering the bloodstream or lymphatic system, and settling down in a new organ or tissue to produce a secondary tumor. The origin of secondary tumors is established by comparing cells comprising these tumors to cells in the original (primary) tumor.
[6j In conhast to solid organ cancers (such as cancer in the liver, lung, and brain) cancer can also develop in blood-forming cells. These cancers are referred to as leukemias or lymphomas. Leukemia refers to cancer of blood forming cells such as red blood cells, platelets, and plasma cells. Lymphomas are a subset of leukemias, primarily involving white blood cells, in which the cancerous cells originated in, or are associated with, the lymph system and lymph organs (e.g. T-lymphocytes iri the lymph nodes, spleen, or thymus).

[7] In 1999 over 1.1 million people were newly diagnosed with 23 different types of cancer. The vast majority of these cases (~75%) involved cancers of the prostate, breast, lung, colon, or urinary tract, or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Among the most fatal cancers are pancreatic, liver, esophageal, lung, stomach, and brain cancers, having up to 96% mortality rates depending on the specific cancer. In all, some 23 different types of cancer are expected to kill over 86,000 people each year.
[8] Most cancers are treated with one or a combination therapies consisting of surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and/or biological therapy.
These five therapeutic modes are either local or systemic treatment strategies. Local treatments affect cancer cells in the tumor and imediately adjacent areas (for example, surgical tumor removal is a local treatment as are most radiation treatments). In contrast, systemic treatments travel through the bloodstream, and reach cancer and other cells all over the body.
Chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and biological therapy are examples of systemic treatments.
(9] Whether systemic or local, it is often difficult or impossible to protect healthy cells from the harmful effects of cancer treatment; healthy cells and tissues are inevitably damaged in the process of treating the cancerous cells. Damage and disruption of the normal functioning of healthy cells and tissues often produces the undesirable side effects experienced by patients undergoing cancer treatment.
[10] Recombinant polypeptides and polynucleotides derived from naturally occurnng molecules, as well as antibodies specifically targeted to these molecules, used alone or in conjunction with other existing therapies, hold great promise as improved therapeutic agents for the treatment of neoplastic disorders. Currently, most biological therapy can be classified as immunotherapy because these treatments often use naturally occurring molecules to assist the body's immune system in fighting the disease or in protecting the body from side effects of other cancer treatment(s). Among the most commonly used compounds in biological therapies are proteins called cytokines (e.g. interferons, interleukins, and colony stimulating factors) and monoclonal antibodies (targeted to particular cancer cells). Side effects caused by these commonly used biological therapies range from flu-like symptoms (chills, fever, muscle aches, weakness, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea) to rashes, swelling, easy bruising, or bleeding.
[1l] The discovery of new human neoplastic disease associated polynucleotides, the polypeptides encoded by ' them, and antibodies that immunospecifically bind these polypeptides, satisfies a need in the art by providing new compositions which are useful in the diagnosis, treatment, prevention and/or prognosis of disorders involving neoplastic diseases.
Summary of the Invention [12] The present invention relates to novel proteins. More specifically, isolated nucleic acid molecules are provided encoding novel polypeptides. Novel polypeptides and antibodies that bind to these polypeptides are provided. Also provided are vectors, host cells, and recombinant and synthetic methods for producing human polynucleotides and/or polypeptides, and antibodies. The invention further relates to diagnostic and therapeutic methods useful for diagnosing, treating, preventing and/or prognosing disorders related to these novel polypeptides. The invention further relates to screening methods for identifying agonists and antagonists of polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention.
The present invention further relates to methods and/or compositions for inhibiting or enhancing the production and function of the polypeptides of the present invention.
Detailed Description Tables [13] Table 1A summarizes some of the polynucleotides encompassed by the invention (including cDNA clones related to the sequences (Clone )D NO:Z), contig sequences (contig identifier (Contig >D:) and contig nucleotide sequence identifier (SEQ >D
NO:X)) and further summarizes certain characteristics of these polynucleotides and the polypeptides encoded thereby. The first column provides the gene number in the application for each clone identifier. The second column provides a unique clone identifier, "Clone ll~
NO:Z", for a cDNA clone related to each contig sequence disclosed in Table 1A. The third column provides a unique contig identifier, "Contig >D:" for each of the contig sequences disclosed in Table 1A. The fourth column provides the sequence identifier, "SEQ m NO:X", for each of the contig sequences disclosed in Table 1A. The fifth column, "ORF (From-To)", provides the location (i.e., nucleotide position numbers) within the polynucleotide sequence of SEQ m NO:X that delineate the preferred open reading frame (ORF) that encodes the amino acid sequence shown in the sequence listing and referenced in Table 1A
as SEQ >D
NO:Y (column 6). Column 7 lists residues comprising predicted epitopes contained in the polypeptides encoded by each of the preferred ORFs (SEQ ID NO:Y).
Identification of potential immunogenic regions was performed according to the method of Jameson and Wolf (CABIOS, 4; 181-186 (1988)); specifically, , the Genetics Computer Group (GCG) implementation of this algorithm, embodied in the program PEPT>DESTRUCTURE
(Wisconsin Package v10.0, Genetics Computer Group (GCG), Madison, Wisc.). This method returns a measure of the probability that a given residue is found on the surface of the protein.
Regions where the antigenic index score is greater than 0.9 over at least 6 amino acids are indicated in Table 1A as "Predicted Epitopes". In particular embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, one, two, three, four, five or more of the ,predicted epitopes described in Table 1A. It will be appreciated that depending on the analytical criteria used to predict antigenic determinants, the exact address of the determinant may vary slightly. Column 8, "Tissue Distribution" shows the expression profile of tissue, cells, and/or cell line libraries which express the polynucleotides of the invention. The first number in column 8 (preceding the colon), represents the tissue/cell source identifier code corresponding to the key provided in Table 4. Expression of these polynucleotides was not observed in the other tissues and/or cell libraries tested. For those identifier codes in which the first two letters are not "AR", the second number in column 8 (following the colon), represents the number of times a sequence corresponding to the reference polynucleotide sequence (e.g., SEQ ID NO:X) was identified in the tissue/cell source. Those tissue/cell source identifier codes in which the first two letters are "AR" designate information generated using DNA array technology. Utilizing this technology, cDNAs were amplified by PCR and then transferred, in duplicate, onto the array. Gene expression was assayed through hybridization of first strand cDNA probes to the DNA array. cDNA probes were generated from total RNA extracted from a variety of different tissues and cell lines.
Probe synthesis was performed in the presence of 33P dCTP, using oligo(dT) to prime reverse transcription.
After hybridization, high stringency washing conditions were employed to remove non-specific hybrids from the array. The remaining signal, emanating from each gene target, was measured using a Phosphorimager. Gene expression was reported as Phosphor Stimulating Luminescence (PSL) which reflects the level of phosphor signal generated from the probe hybridized to each of the gene targets represented on the array. A local background signal subtraction was performed before the total signal generated from each array was used to normalize gene expression between the different hybridizations. The value presented after "[array code]:" represents the mean of the duplicate values, following background subtraction S

and probe normalization. One of skill in the art could routinely use this information to identify normal and/or diseased tissues) which show a predominant expression pattern of the corresponding polynucleotide of the invention or to identify polynucleotides which show predominant and/or specific tissue and/or cell expression. Column 9 provides the chromosomal location of polynucleotides corresponding to SEQ )D NO:X.
Chromosomal location was determined by finding exact matches to EST and cDNA sequences contained in the NCBI (National Center for Biotechnology Information) UniGene database.
Given a presumptive chromosomal location, disease locus association was determined by comparison with the Morbid Map, derived from Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, OMIMTM. McKusick-Nathans Institute for Genetic Medicine, Johns Hopkins University (Baltimore, MD) and National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Library of Medicine (Bethesda, MD) 2000. World Wide Web URL:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/omim~. If the putative chromosomal location of the Query overlaps with the chromosomal location of a Morbid Map entry, an OMIM
identification number is disclosed in column 10 labeled "OMIM Disease References)". A key to the OMIM reference identification numbers is provided in Table 5.
[14] Table 1B summarizes additional polynucleotides encompassed by the invention (including cDNA clones related to the sequences (Clone >D NO:Z), contig sequences (contig identifier (Contig ID:) contig nucleotide sequence identifiers (SEQ ID NO:X)), and genomic sequences (SEQ 1D NO:B). The first column provides a unique clone identifier, "Clone 1D
NO:Z", for a cDNA clone related to each contig sequence. The second column provides the sequence identifier, "SEQ 1D NO:X", for each contig sequence. The third column provides a unique contig identifier, "Contig )D:" for each contig sequence. The fourth column, provides a BAC identifier "BAC ID NO:A" for the BAC clone referenced in the corresponding row of the table. The fifth column provides the nucleotide sequence identifier, "SEQ
ID NO:B" for a fragment of the BAC clone identified in column four of the corresponding row of the table.
The sixth column, "Exon From-To", provides the location (i.e., nucleotide position numbers) within the polynucleotide sequence of SEQ 1D NO:B which delineate certain polynucleotides of the invention that are also exemplary members of polynucleotide sequences that encode polypeptides of the invention (e.g., polypeptides containing amino acid sequences encoded by the polynucleotide sequences delineated in column six, and fragments and variants thereof).

[15] Table 2 summarizes homology and features of some of the polypeptides of the invention. The first column provides a unique clone identifier, "Clone ID
NO:Z", corresponding to a cDNA clone disclosed in Table 1A. The second column provides the unique contig identifier, "Contig )D:" corresponding to contigs in Table 1A
and allowing for correlation with the information in Table 1A. The third column provides the sequence identifier, "SEQ >D NO:X", for the contig polynucleotide sequence. The fourth column provides the analysis method by which the homology/identity disclosed in the Table was determined. Comparisons were made between polypeptides encoded by the polynucleotides of the invention and either a non-redundant protein database (herein referred to as "NR"), or a database of protein families (herein referred to as "PFAM") as further described below.
The fifth column provides a description of the PF~dVI/NR hit having a significant match to a polypeptide of the invention. Column six provides the accession number of the PFAM/NR
hit disclosed in the fifth column. Column seven, "Score/Percent Identity", provides a quality score or the percent identity, of the hit disclosed in columns five and six.
Columns 8 and 9, "NT From" and "NT To" respectively, delineate the polynucleotides in "SEQ ID
NO:X" that encode a polypeptide having a significant match to the PFAM/NR database as disclosed in the fifth and sixth columns. In specific embodiments polypeptides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, an amino acid sequence encoded by a polynucleotide in SEQ ID
NO:X as delineated in columns 8 and 9, or fragments or variants thereof.
[16] Table 3 provides polynucleotide sequences that may be disclaimed according to certain embodiments of the invention. The first column provides a unique clone identifier, "Clone >D", for a cDNA clone related to contig sequences disclosed in Table 1A. The second column provides the sequence identifier, "SEQ m NO:X", for contig sequences disclosed in Table 1A. The third column provides the unique contig identifier, "Contig ll~:", for contigs disclosed in Table 1A. The fourth column provides a unique integer 'a' where 'a' is any integer between 1 and the final nucleotide minus 15 of SEQ ID NO:X, and the fifth column provides a unique integer 'b' where 'b' is any integer between 15 and the final nucleotide of SEQ ID NO:X, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ )D NO:X, and where b is greater than or equal to a + 14.
For each of the polynucleotides shown as SEQ ID NO:X, the uniquely defined integers can be substituted into the general formula of a-b, and used to describe polynucleotides which may be preferably excluded from the invention. In certain embodiments, preferably excluded from the invention are at least one, two, three, four, five, ten, or more of the polynucleotide sequences) having the accession numbers) disclosed in the sixth column of this Table (including for example, published sequence in connection with a particular BAC
clone). In further embodiments, preferably excluded from the invention are the specific polynucleotide sequences) contained in the clones corresponding to at least one, two, three, four, five, ten, or more of the available material having the accession numbers identified in the' sixth column of this Table (including for example, the actual sequence contained in an identified BAC
clone).
[17] Table 4 provides a key to the tissue/cell source identifier code disclosed in Table 1A, column 8. Column 1 provides the tissue/cell source identifier code disclosed in Table 1A, Column 8. Columns 2-S provide a description of the tissue or cell source.
Codes corresponding to diseased tissues are indicated in column 6 with the word "disease". The use of the word "disease" in column 6 is non-limiting. The tissue or cell source may be specific (e.g. a neoplasm), or may be disease-associated (e.g., a tissue sample from a normal portion of a diseased organ). Furthermore, tissues and/or cells lacking the "disease"
designation may still be derived from sources directly or indirectly involved in a disease state or disorder, and therefore may have a further utility in that disease state or disorder. In numerous cases where the tissue/cell source is a library, column 7 identifies the vector used to generate the library.
[18] . Table S provides a key to the OMIM reference identification numbers disclosed in Table 1A, column 10. OMIM reference identification numbers (Column 1) were derived from Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, OM1M.
McKusick-Nathans Institute for Genetic Medicine, Johns Hopkins University (Baltimore, MD) and National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Library of Medicine, (Bethesda, MD) 2000. World Wide Web URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/omim~.
Column 2 provides diseases associated with the cytologic band disclosed in Table 1A, column 9, as determined using the Morbid Map database.
[19] Table 6 summarizes ATCC Deposits, Deposit dates, and ATCC designation numbers of deposits made with the ATCC in connection with the present application.
[20] Table 7 shows the cDNA libraries sequenced, and ATCC designation numbers and vector information relating to these cDNA libraries.
[21] Table 8 provides a physical characterization of clones encompassed by the invention. The first column provides the unique clone identifier, "Clone ID
NO:Z", for certain cDNA clones of the invention, as described in Table 1A. The second column provides the size of the cDNA insert contained in the corresponding cDNA clone.

Definitions [22] The following definitions are provided to facilitate understanding of certain terms used throughout this specification.
[23] In the present invention, "isolated" refers to material removed from its original environment (e.g., the natural environment if it is naturally occurring), and thus is altered "by the hand of man" from its natural state. For example, an isolated polynucleotide could be part of a vector or a composition of matter, or could be contained within a cell, and still be "isolated" because that vector, composition of matter, or particular cell is not the original environment of the polynucleotide. The term "isolated" does not refer to genomic or cDNA
libraries, whole cell total or mRNA preparations, genomic DNA preparations (including those separated by electrophoresis and transferred onto blots), sheared whole cell genomic DNA preparations or other compositions where the art demonstrates no distinguishing features of the polynucleotide/sequences of the present invention.
[24J As used herein, a "polynucleotide" refers to a molecule having a nucleic acid sequence encoding SEQ >D NO:Y or a fragment or variant thereof; a nucleic acid sequence contained in SEQ )D NO:X (as described in column 3 of Table 1A) or the complement thereof; a cDNA sequence contained in Clone >D NO:Z (as described in column 2 of Table 1 A and contained within a library deposited with the ATCC); a nucleotide sequence encoding the polypeptide encoded by a nucleotide sequence in SEQ 1D NO:B as defined in column 6 of Table 1B or a fragment or variant thereof; or a nucleotide coding sequence in SEQ m NO:B as defined in column 6 of Table 1B or the complement thereof. For example, the polynucleotide can contain the nucleotide sequence of the full length cDNA
sequence, including the 5' and 3' untranslated sequences, the coding region, as well as fragments, epitopes, domains, and variants of the nucleic acid sequence. Moreover, as used herein, a "polypeptide" refers to a molecule having an amino acid sequence encoded by a polynucleotide of the invention as broadly defined (obviously excluding poly-Phenylalanine or poly-Lysine peptide sequences which result from translation of a polyA tail of a sequence corresponding to a cDNA).
(25J In the present invention, "SEQ >D NO:X" was often generated by overlapping sequences contained in multiple clones (contig analysis). A representative clone containing all or most of the sequence for SEQ 1D NO:X is deposited at Human Genome Sciences, Inc.

(HGS) in a catalogued and archived library. As shown, for example, in column 2 of Table 1A, each clone is identified by a cDNA Clone )D (identifier generally referred to herein as Clone 1D NO:Z). Each .Clone m is unique to an individual clone and the Clone >D is all the information needed to retrieve a given clone from the HGS library.
Furthermore, certain clones disclosed in this application have been deposited with the ATCC on October 5, 2000, having the ATCC designation numbers PTA 2574 and PTA 2575; and on January 5, 2001, having the depositor reference numbers TS-1, TS-2, AC-1, and AC-2. In addition to the individual cDNA clone deposits, most of the cDNA libraries from which the clones were derived were deposited at the American Type Culture Collection (hereinafter "ATCC").
Table 7 provides a list of the deposited cDNA libraries. One can use the Clone >D NO:Z to determine the library source by reference to Tables 6 and 7. Table 7 lists the deposited cDNA libraries by narrie and links each library to an ATCC Deposit. Library names contain four characters, for example, "HTWE." The name of a cDNA clone (Clone m) isolated from that library begins with the same four characters, for example "HTWEP07". As mentioned below, Table 1A correlates the Clone m names with SEQ m NO:X. Thus, starting with an SEQ 1D NO:X, one can use Tables 1, 6 and 7 to determine the corresponding Clone m, which library it came from and which ATCC deposit the library is contained in.
Furthermore, it is possible to retrieve a given cDNA clone from the source library by techniques known in the art and described elsewhere herein. The ATCC is located at 10801 University Boulevard, Manassas, Virginia 20110-2209, USA. The ATCC deposits were made pursuant to the terms of the Budapest Treaty on the international recognition of the deposit of microorganisms for the purposes of patent procedure.
[26] In specific embodiments, the polynucleotides of the invention are at least 15, at least 30, at least 50, at least 100, at least 125, at least 500, or at least 1000 continuous nucleotides but are less than or equal to 300 kb, 200 kb, 100 kb, 50 kb, 15 kb, 10 kb, 7.5kb, 5 kb, 2.5 kb; 2.0 kb, or 1 kb, in length. In a further embodiment, polynucleotides of the invention comprise a portion of the coding sequences, as disclosed herein, but do not comprise all or a portion of any intron. In another embodiment, the polynucleotides comprising coding sequences do not contain coding sequences of a genomic flanking gene (i.e., 5' or 3' to the gene of interest in the genome). In other embodiments, the polynucleotides of the invention do not contain the coding sequence of more than 1000, 500, 250, 100, 50, 25, 20, 15, 10, 5, 4, 3, 2, or 1 genomic flanking gene(s).

[27] A "polynucleotide" of the present invention also includes those polynucleotides capable of hybridizing, under stringent hybridization conditions, to sequences contained in SEQ m NO:X, or the complement thereof (e.g., the complement of any one, two, three, four, or more of the polynucleotide fragments described herein), the polynucleotide sequence delineated in columns 8 and 9 of Table 2 or the complement thereof, and/or cDNA sequences contained in Clone ID NO:Z (e.g., the complement of any one, two, three, four, or more of the polynucleotide fragments, or the cDNA clone within the pool of cDNA clones deposited with the ATCC, described herein), and/or the polynucleotide sequence delineated in column 6 of Table 1B or the complement thereof. "Stringent hybridization conditions"
refers to an overnight incubation at 42 degree C in a solution comprising 50% formamide, 5x SSC (750 mM NaCI, 75 mM trisodium citrate), 50 mM sodium phosphate (pH 7.6), 5x Denhardt's solution, 10% dextran sulfate, and 20 pg/ml denatured, sheared salmon sperm DNA, followed by washing the filters in O.lx SSC at about 65 degree C.
[28] Also contemplated are nucleic acid molecules that hybridize to the polynucleotides of the present invention at lower stringency hybridization conditions. Changes in the stringency of hybridization and signal detection are primarily accomplished through the manipulation of formamide concentration (lower percentages of formamide result in lowered stringency); salt conditions, or temperature. For example, lower stringency conditions include an overnight incubation at 37 degree C in a solution comprising 6X
SSPE (20X SSPE
= 3M NaCI; 0.2M NaH2P04; 0.02M EDTA, pH 7.4), 0.5% SDS, 30% formamide, 100 ug/ml salmon sperm blocking DNA; followed by washes at 50 degree C with 1XSSPE, 0.1%
SDS.
In addition, to achieve even lower stringency, washes performed following stringent hybridization can be done at higher salt concentrations (e.g. 5X SSC).
[29] Note that variations in the above conditions may be accomplished through the inclusion and/or substitution of alternate blocking reagents used to suppress background in hybridization experiments. Typical blocking reagents include Denhardt's reagent, BLOTTO, heparin, denatured salmon sperm DNA, and commercially available proprietary formulations.
The inclusion of specific blocking reagents may require modification of the hybridization conditions described above, due to problems with compatibility.
[30] Of course, a polynucleotide which hybridizes only to polyA+ sequences (such as any 3' terminal polyA+ tract of a cDNA shown in the sequence listing), or to a complementary stretch of T (or U) residues, would not be included in the definition of "polynucleotide," since such a polynucleotide would hybridize to any nucleic acid molecule containing a poly (A) stretch or the complement thereof (e.g., practically any double-stranded cDNA clone generated using oligo dT as a primer).
[31] The polynucleotide of the present. invention can be composed of any polyribonucleotide or polydeoxribonucleotide; which may be unmodified RNA or DNA or modified RNA or DNA. For example, polynucleotides can be composed of single-and double-stranded DNA, DNA that .is a mixture of single- and double-stranded regions, single-and double-stranded RNA, and RNA that is mixture of single- and double-stranded regions, hybrid molecules comprising DNA and RNA that may be single-stranded or, more typically, double-stranded or a mixture of single- and double-stranded regions. In addition, the polynucleotide can be composed of triple-stranded regions comprising RNA or DNA or both RNA and DNA. A polynucleotide may also contain one or more modified bases or DNA or RNA backbones modified for stability or for other reasons. "Modified" bases include, for example, tritylated bases and unusual bases such as inosine. A variety of modifications can be made to DNA and RNA; thus, "polynucleotide" embraces chemically, enzymatically, or metabolically modified forms.
[32] The polypeptide of the present invention can be composed of amino acids joined to each other by peptide bonds or modified peptide bonds, i.e., peptide isosteres, and may contain amino acids other than the 20 gene-encoded amino acids. The polypeptides may be modified by either natural processes, such as posttranslational processing, or by chemical modification techniques which are well known in the art. Such modifications are well described in basic texts and in more detailed monographs, as well as in a voluminous research literature. Modifications can occur anywhere in a polypeptide, including the peptide backbone, the amino acid side-chains and the amino or carboxyl termini. It will be appreciated that the same type of modification may be present in the same or varying degrees at several sites in a given polypeptide. Also, a given polypeptide may contain many types of modifications. Polypeptides may be branched, for example, as a result of ubiquitination, and they may be cyclic, with or without branching. Cyclic, branched, and branched cyclic polypeptides may result from posttranslation natural processes or may be made by synthetic methods. Modifications include acetylation, acylation, ADP-ribosylation, amidation, covalent attachment of flavin, covalent attachment of a heme moiety, covalent attachment of a nucleotide or nucleotide derivative, covalent attachment of a lipid or lipid derivative, covalent attachment of phosphotidylinositol, cross-linking, cyclization, disulfide bond formation, demethylation, formation of covalent cross-links, formation of cysteine, formation of pyroglutamate, formylation, gamma-carboxylation, glycosylation, GPI anchor formation, hydroxylation, iodination, methylation, myristoylation, oxidation, pegylation, proteolytic processing, phosphorylation, prenylation, racemization, selenoylation, sulfation, transfer-RNA mediated addition of amino acids to proteins such as arginylation, and ubiquitination.
(See, for instance, PROTEINS - STRUCTURE AND MOLECULAR PROPERTIES, 2nd Ed., T. E. Creighton, W. H. Freeman and Company, New York (1993);
POSTTRANSLATIONAL COVALENT MODIFICATION OF PROTEINS, B. C. Johnson, Ed., Academic Press, New York, pgs. 1-12 (1983); Seifter et al., Meth.
Enzymol. 182:626-646 ( 1990); Rattan et al., Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 663:48-62 ( 1992)).
[33] "SEQ B7 NO:X" refers to a polynucleotide sequence described, for example, in Tables lAor 2, while "SEQ >D NO:Y" refers to a polypeptide sequence described in column 6 of Table 1A. SEQ ID NO:X is identified by an integer specified in column 4 of Table 1A.
The polypeptide sequence SEQ ID NO:Y is a translated open reading frame (ORF) encoded by polynucleotide SEQ ID NO:X. "Clone ID NO:Z" refers to a cDNA clone described in column 2 of Table 1A.
[34] "A polypeptide having functional activity" refers to a polypeptide capable of displaying one or more known functional activities associated with a full-length (complete) protein. Such functional activities include, but are not limited to, biological activity, antigenicity [ability to bind (or compete with a polypeptide for binding) to an anti-polypeptide antibody], immunogenicity (ability to generate antibody which binds to a specific polypeptide of the invention), ability to form multimers with polypeptides of the invention, and ability to bind to a receptor or ligand for a polypeptide.
(35] The polypeptides of the invention can be assayed for functional activity (e.g.
biological activity) using or routinely modifying assays known in the art, as well as assays described herein. Specifically, one of skill in the art may routinely assay neoplastic disease associated polypeptides (including fragments and variants) of the invention for activity using assays as described in Examples 21-62 and 65.
[36] "A polypeptide having biological activity" refers to a polypeptide exhibiting activity similar to, but not necessarily identical to, an activity of a polypeptide of the present invention, including mature forms, as measured in a particular biological assay, with or without dose dependency. In the case where dose dependency does exist, it need not be identical to that of the polypeptide, but rather substantially similar to the dose-dependence in a given activity as compared to the polypeptide of the present invention (i.e., the candidate polypeptide will exhibit greater activity or not more than about 25-fold less and, preferably, not more than about tenfold less activity, and most preferably, not more than about three-fold less activity relative to the polypeptide of the present invention).
[37] Table 1A summarizes some of the polynucleotides encompassed by the invention (including contig sequences (SEQ m NO:X) and clones (Clone m NO:Z) and further summarizes certain characteristics of these polynucleotides and the polypeptides encoded thereby.

a~

U
C

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a ~o a x . x N

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z O O 00 d'O O~O 00~ M

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o Uz x x x x x d U

a r N M d' N ~O

b o ..r ~,; .~ M N N N N N " --. .-~ .-i ~ .-i .-~ ,~
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I~ ~ ~ ~ ~ O ~ N ~ ~ I~ I~ M ~' N O ~ M ~ O ~ O O
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00 V7 O p ~O V1 O O O O a O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O
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a~ p c~ ~ ~ ~ O s. ~ O ~ O by ~
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v~ .~ ~ .-. O O v0 ~ ~ Wp ~D v~ O U1 ~D f.~ M d' O
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_ N v0 ~ 00 ~ ~ M ~h M v0 N M 01 00 l~ M ~ N ~ N ~ v0 ~ ~ ~ ~' M "~ V~
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p i d d O O
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by ~_ O
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O O Q ~ ~ ~ ~.. N '-' a\ vp ~ I~ O O wt N ~ N
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p ~ O t~ ~O M N '~ ~O ~ d' v'1 'n ~"' t~ ~O ~' ~ ~n oo '"' ~
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co ax ax a~, M l~

M '~' M

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b ...; .-. ,~ ,~ .-. ,-.. .--. .-.. .--. ,.-~ ...V ,--. .--. .--. ~ ,--. ,--. .-: ,--~ .--~ .--~ r' ,--. .-~ r-: ~; .--. ,--. .-~ ~ ,--0o N p N ~ ~-r M ~n ~~ Q\ d' 00 M v'yp v0 M O~ 00 ~ O ~ 0o l~ 0o ~ p~ ~t v~ N
N
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[38] The first column in Table 1A provides the gene number in the application responding to the clone identifier. The second column in Table iA provides a unique "Clone >D NO:Z" for a cDNA clone related to each contig sequence disclosed in Table 1A.
This clone ID references the cDNA clone which contains at least the S' most sequence of the assembled contig and at least a portion of SEQ 11.7 NO'X was determined by directly sequencing the referenced clone. The reference clone may have more sequence than described in the sequence listing or the clone may have less. In the vast majority of cases, however, the clone is believed to encode a full-length polypeptide. In the case where a clone is not full-length, a full-length cDNA can be obtained by methods described elsewhere herein.
[39] The third column in Table 1A provides a unique "Contig >D" identification for each contig sequence. The fourth column provides the "SEQ ID NO:" identifier for each of the contig polynucleotide sequences disclosed in Table 1A. The fifth column, "ORF (From-To)", provides the location (i.e., nucleotide position numbers) within the polynucleotide sequence "SEQ ~ NO:X" that delineate the preferred open reading frame (ORF) shown in the sequence listing and referenced in Table 1A, column 6, as SEQ m NO:Y.
Where the nucleotide position number "To" is lower than the nucleotide position number "From", the preferred ORF is the reverse complement of the referenced polynucleotide sequence.
(40] The sixth column in Table 1A provides the corresponding SEQ >D NO:Y for the polypeptide sequence encoded by the preferred ORF delineated in column 5. In one embodiment, the invention provides an amino acid sequence comprising, or alternatively consisting of, a polypeptide encoded by the portion of SEQ 117 NO:X delineated by "ORF
(From-To)". Also provided are polynucleotides encoding such amino acid sequences and the complementary strand thereto.
(41] Column 7 in Table 1A lists residues comprising epitopes contained in the polypeptides encoded by the preferred ORF (SEQ ID NO:Y), as predicted using the algorithm of Jameson and Wolf, (1988) Comp. Appl. Biosci. 4:181-186. The Jameson-Wolf antigenic analysis was performed using the computer program PROTEAN (Version 3.11 for the Power Macintosh, DNASTAR, Inc., 1228 South Park Street Madison, WI). In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, at least one, two, three, four, five or more of the predicted epitopes as described in Table lA. It will be appreciated that depending on the analytical criteria used to predict antigenic determinants, the exact address of the determinant may vary slightly.

[42] Column 8 in Table 1 A provides an expression profile and library code:
count for h of the contig sequences (SEQ >D NO:X) disclosed in Table 1A, which can routinely be combined with the information provided in Table 4 and used to determine the tissues, cells, and/or cell line libraries which predominantly express the polynucleotides of the invention.
The first number in column 8 (preceding the colon), represents the tissue/cell source identifier code corresponding to the code and description provided in Table 4.
For those identifier codes in which the first two letters are not "AR", the second number in column 8 (following the colon) represents the number of times a sequence corresponding to the reference polynucleotide sequence was identified in the tissue/cell source.
Those tissue/cell source identifier codes in which the first two letters are "AR" designate information generated using DNA array technology. Utilizing this technology, cDNAs were amplified by PCR and then transferred, in duplicate, onto the array. Gene expression was assayed through hybridization of first strand cDNA probes to the DNA array. cDNA probes were generated from total RNA extracted from a variety of different tissues and cell lines.
Probe synthesis was performed in the presence of 33P dCTP, using oligo(dT) to prime reverse transcription.
After hybridization, high stringency washing conditions were employed to remove non-specific hybrids from the array. The remaining signal, emanating from each gene target, was measured using a Phosphorimager. Gene expression was reported as Phosphor Stimulating Luminescence (PSL) which reflects the level of phosphor signal generated from the probe hybridized to each of the gene targets represented on the array. A local background signal subtraction was performed before the total signal generated from each array was used to normalize gene expression between the different hybridizations. The value presented after "[array code]:" represents the mean of the duplicate values, following background subtraction and probe normalization. One of skill in the art could routinely use this information to identify normal and/or diseased tissues) which show a predominant expression pattern of the corresponding polynucleotide of the invention or to identify polynucleotides which show predominant and/or specific tissue and/or cell expression.
[43] Column 9 in Table 1A provides a chromosomal map location for certain polynucleotides of the invention. Chromosomal location was determined by finding exact matches to EST and cDNA sequences contained in the NCBI (National Center for Biotechnology Information) UniGene database. Each sequence in the UniGene database is assigned to a "cluster"; all of the ESTs, cDNAs, and STSs in a cluster are believed to be derived from a single gene. Chromosomal mapping data is often available for one or more sequences) in a UniGene cluster; this data (if consistent) is then applied to the cluster as a ale. Thus, it is possible to infer the chromosomal location of a new polynucleotide sequence by determining its identity with a mapped UniGene cluster.
[44] A modified version of the computer program BLASTN (Altshul et al., J.
Mol.
Biol. 215:403-410 (1990); and Gish and States, Nat. Genet: 3:266-272 (1993)) was used to search the UniGene database for EST or cDNA sequences that contain exact or near-exact matches to a polynucleotide sequence of the invention (the 'Query'). A
sequence from the UniGene database (the 'Subject') was said to be an exact match if it contained a segment of 50 nucleotides in length such that 48 of those nucleotides were in the same order as found in the Query sequence. If all of the matches that met this criteria were in the same UniGene cluster, and mapping data was available for this cluster, it is indicated in Table 1A under the heading "Cytologic Band". Where a cluster had been further localized to a distinct cytologic band, that band is disclosed; where no banding information was available, but the gene had been localized to a single chromosome, the chromosome is disclosed.
[45] Once a presumptive chromosomal location was determined for a polynucleotide of the invention, an associated disease locus was identified by comparison with a database of diseases which have been experimentally associated with genetic loci. The database used was the Morbid Map, derived from OMIMTM (supra). If the putative chromosomal location of a polynucleotide of the invention (Query sequence) was associated with a disease in the Morbid Map database, an OMIM reference identification number was noted in column 10, Table 1 A, labelled "OMIM Disease References)". Table 5 is a key to the OMIM
reference identification numbers (column 1), and provides a description of the associated disease in Column 2.

Clone SEQ ID CONTIG BAC ID: SEQ ID EXON
ID A ~

NO:Z NO:X ID: NO:B From-To HE9R.A75 122 766779 AP002502 640 1-2336 [46] Table 1B summarizes additional polynucleotides encompassed by the invention eluding cDNA clones related to the sequences (Clone m NO:Z), contig sequences (contig identifier (Contig >D:) contig nucleotide sequence identifiers (SEQ >D NO:X)), and genomic sequences (SEQ m NO:B). The first column provides a unique clone identifier, "Clone >Z7 NO:Z", for a cDNA clone related to each contig sequence. The second column provides the sequence identifier, "SEQ >D NO:X", for each contig sequence. The third column provides a unique contig identifier, "Contig >D:" for each contig sequence. The fourth column, provides a BAC identifier "BAC ID NO:A" for the BAC clone referenced in the corresponding row of the table. The fifth column provides the nucleotide sequence identifier, "SEQ
~ NO:B" for a fragment of the BAC clone identified in column four of the corresponding row of the table.
The sixth column, "Exon From-To", provides the location (i.e., nucleotide position numbers) within the polynucleotide sequence of SEQ m NO:B which delineate certain polynucleotides of the invention that are also exemplary members of polynucleotide sequences that encode polypeptides of the invention (e.g., polypeptides containing amino acid sequences encoded by the polynucleotide sequences delineated in column six, and fragments and variants thereof).

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E-. '~' _._ __ __-- ___ __-___ ' w -_ [47] Table 2 further characterizes certain encoded polypeptides of the invention, by providing the results of comparisons to protein and protein family databases.
The first column provides a unique clone identifier, "Clone ID NO:", corresponding to a cDNA clone disclosed in Table 1A. The second column provides the unique contig identifier, "Contig ID:" which allows correlation with the information in Table 1A. The third column provides the sequence identifier, "SEQ ID NO:", for the contig polynucleotide sequences. The fourth column provides the analysis method by which the homology/identity disclosed in the Table was determined. The fifth column provides a description of the PFAM/NR hit identified by each analysis. Column six provides the accession number of the PFAM/NR hit disclosed in the fifth column. Column seven, score/percent identity, provides a quality score or the percent identity, of the hit disclosed in column five. Comparisons were made between polypeptides encoded by polynucleotides of the invention and a non-redundant protein database (herein referred to as "NR"), or a database of protein families (herein referred to as "PFAM"), as described below.
[48] The NR database, which comprises the NBRF PIR database, the NCBI GenPept database, and the SIB SwissProt and TrEMBL databases, was made non-redundant using the computer program nrdb2 (Warren Gish, Washington University in Saint Louis).
Each of the polynucleotides shown in Table 1A, column 3 (e.g., SEQ 117 NO:X or the 'Query' sequence) was used to search against the NR database. The computer program BLASTX was used to compare a 6-frame translation of the Query sequence to the NR database (for information about the BLASTX algorithm please see Altshul et al., J. Mol. Biol. 215:403-410 (1990);
and Gish and States, Nat. Genet. 3:266-272 (1993). A description of the sequence that is most similar to the Query sequence (the highest scoring 'Subject') is shown in column five of Table 2 and the database accession number for that sequence is provided in column six. The highest scoring 'Subject' is reported in Table 2 if (a) the estimated probability that the match occurred by chance alone is less than 1.0e-07, and (b) the match was not to a known repetitive element. BLASTX returns alignments of short polypeptide segments of the Query and Subject sequences which share a high degree of similarity; these segments are known as High-Scoring Segment Pairs or HSPs. Table 2 reports the degree of similarity between the Query and the Subject for each HSP as a percent identity in Column 7. The percent identity is determined by dividing the number of exact matches between the two aligned sequences in the HSP, dividing by the number of Query amino acids in the HSP and multiplying by 100.

The polynucleotides of SEQ >D NO:X which encode the polypeptide sequence that generates ~n HSP are delineated by columns 8 and 9 of Table 2.
[49] The PFAM database, PFAM version 2.1, (Sonnhammer et al., Nucl. Acids Res., 26:320-322, 1998)) consists of a series of multiple sequence alignments; one alignment for each protein family. Each multiple sequence alignment is converted into a probability model called a Hidden Markov Model, or HMM, that represents the position-specific variation among the sequences that make up the multiple sequence alignment (see, e.g., Durbin et al., Biological sequence analysis: probabilistic models of proteins and nucleic acids, Cambridge University Press, 1998 for the theory of HMMs). The program HMMER version 1.8 (Sean Eddy, Washington University in Saint Louis) was used to compare the predicted protein sequence for each Query sequence (SEQ ID NO:Y in Table 1A) to each of the HMMs derived from PFAM version 2.1. A HMM derived from PFAM version 2.1 was said to be a significant match to a polypeptide of the invention if the score returned by HMMER 1.8 was greater than 0.8 times the HMMER 1.8 score obtained with the most distantly related known member of that protein family. The description of the PFAM family which shares . a significant match with a polypeptide of the invention is listed in column 5 of Table 2, and the database accession number of the PFAM hit is provided in column 6. Column 7 provides the score returned by HMMER version 1.8 for the alignment. Columns 8 and 9 delineate the polynucleotides of SEQ ID NO:X which encode the polypeptide sequence which show a significant match to a PFAM protein family.
[50] As mentioned, columns 8 and 9 in Table 2, "NT From" and "NT To", delineate the polynucleotides of "SEQ >D NO:X" that encode a polypeptide having a significant match to the PFAM/NR database as disclosed in the fifth column. In one embodiment, the invention provides a protein comprising, or alternatively consisting of, a polypeptide encoded by the polynucleotides of SEQ ID NO:X delineated in columns 8 and 9 of Table 2. Also provided are polynucleotides encoding such proteins, and the complementary strand thereto.
[51] The nucleotide sequence SEQ >D NO:X and the translated SEQ ID NO:Y are sufficiently accurate and otherwise suitable for a variety of uses well known in the art and described further below. For instance, the nucleotide sequences of SEQ >D NO:X
are useful for designing nucleic acid hybridization probes that will detect nucleic acid sequences contained in SEQ >D NO:X or the cDNA contained in Clone >D NO:Z. These probes will also hybridize to nucleic acid molecules in biological samples, thereby enabling immediate applications in chromosome mapping, linkage analysis, tissue identification and/or typing, and a variety of forensic and diagnostic methods of the invention. Similarly, polypeptides Identified from SEQ ID NO:Y may be used to generate antibodies which bind specifically to these polypeptides, or fragments thereof, and/or to the polypeptides encoded by the cDNA
clones identified in, for example, Table 1A.
[52] Nevertheless, DNA sequences generated by sequencing reactions can contain sequencing errors. The errors exist as misidentified nucleotides, or as insertions or deletions of nucleotides in the generated DNA sequence. The erroneously inserted or deleted nucleotides cause frame shifts in the reading frames of the predicted amino acid sequence. In these cases, the predicted amino acid sequence diverges from the actual amino acid sequence, even though the generated DNA sequence may be greater than 99.9% identical to the actual DNA sequence (for example, one base insertion or deletion in an open reading frame of over 1000 bases).
[53] Accordingly, for those applications requiring precision in the nucleotide sequence or the amino acid sequence, the present invention provides not only the generated nucleotide sequence identified as SEQ ID NO:X, and a predicted translated amino acid sequence identified as SEQ m NO:Y, but also a sample of plasmid DNA containing cDNA
Clone >D
NO:Z (deposited with the ATCC on October 5, 2000, and receiving ATCC
designation numbers PTA 2574 and PTA 2575; deposited with the ATCC on January 5, 2001, and having depositor reference numbers TS-1, TS-2, AC-1, and AC-2; and/or as set forth, for example, in Table 1 A, 6 and 7). The nucleotide sequence of each deposited clone can readily be determined by sequencing the deposited clone in accordance with known methods.
Further, techniques known in the art can be used to verify the nucleotide sequences of SEQ >D NO:X.
[54] The predicted amino acid sequence can then be verified from such deposits.
Moreover, the amino acid sequence of the protein encoded by a particular clone can also be directly determined by peptide sequencing or by expressing the protein in a suitable host cell containing the deposited human cDNA, collecting the protein, and determining its sequence.
RACE Protocol For Recovery of Full-Length Genes [55] Partial cDNA clones can be made full-length by utilizing the rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) procedure described in Frohman, M.A., et al., Proc. Nat'l.
Acad. Sci.
USA, 85:8998-9002 ( 1988). A cDNA clone missing either the 5' or 3' end can be reconstructed to include the absent base pairs extending to the translational start or stop codon, respectively. In some cases, cDNAs are missing the start codon of translation, therefor. The following briefly describes a modification of this original 5' RACE procedure.
Poly A+ or total RNA is reverse transcribed with Superscript II (GibcoBRL) and an antisense or complementary primer specific to the cDNA sequence. The primer is removed from the reaction with a Microcon Concentrator (Amicon). The first-strand cDNA
is then tailed with dATP and terminal deoxynucleotide transferase (GibcoBRL). Thus, an anchor sequence is produced which is needed for PCR amplification. The second strand is synthesized from the dA-tail in PCR buffer, Taq DNA polymerise (Perkin-Elmer Cetus), an oligo-dT primer containing three adjacent restriction sites (XhoI, SaII and CIaI) at the 5' end and a primer containing just these restriction sites. This double-stranded cDNA is PCR
amplified for 40 cycles with the same primers as well as a nested cDNA-specific antisense primer. The PCR products are size-separated on an ethidium bromide-agarose gel and the region of gel containing cDNA products the predicted size of missing protein-coding DNA is removed. cDNA is purified from the agarose with the Magic PCR Prep kit (Promega), restriction digested with XhoI or SaII, and ligated to a plasmid such as pBluescript SKII
(Stratagene) at XhoI and EcoRV sites. This DNA is transformed into bacteria and the plasmid clones sequenced to identify the correct protein-coding inserts.
Correct 5' ends are confirmed by comparing this sequence with the putatively identified homologue and overlap with the partial cDNA clone. Similar methods known in the art and/or commercial kits are used to amplify and recover 3' ends.
[56] Several quality-controlled kits are commercially available for purchase.
Similar reagents and methods to those above are supplied in kit form from GibcoBRL for both 5' and 3' RACE for recovery of full length genes. A second kit is available from Clontech which is a modification of a related technique, SLIC (single-stranded ligation to single-stranded cDNA), developed by Dumas et al., Nucleic Acids Res., 19:5227-32 (1991). The major differences in procedure are that the RNA is alkaline hydrolyzed after reverse transcription and RNA ligase is used to join a restriction site-containing anchor primer to the first-strand cDNA. This obviates the necessity for the dA-tailing reaction which results in a polyT
stretch that is difficult to sequence past.
[57] An alternative to generating 5' or 3' cDNA from RNA is to use cDNA
library double-stranded DNA. An asymmetric PCR-amplified antisense cDNA strand is synthesized with an antisense cDNA-specific primer and a plasmid-anchored primer. These primers are removed and a symmetric PCR reaction is performed with a nested cDNA-specific antisense primer and the plasmid-anchored primer.

itNA Ligase Protocol For Generating The 5' or 3' Erzd Sequences To Obtain Frrll Ler:gtJr Genes [58J Once ,a gene of interest is identified, several methods are available for the identification of the S' or 3' portions of the gene which may not be present in the original cDNA plasmid. These methods include, but are not limited to, filter probing, clone enrichment using specific probes and 'protocols similar and identical to 5' and 3' RACE.
While the full length gene may be present in the library and can be identified by probing, a useful method for generating the 5' or 3' end is to use the existing sequence information from the original cDNA to generate the missing information. A method similar to 5' RACE is available for generating the missing 5' end of a desired full-length gene.
(This method was published by Fromont-Racine et al., Nucleic Acids Res., 21(7):1683-1684 (1993)). Briefly, a specific RNA oligonucleotide is ligated to the 5' ends of a population of RNA
presumably containing full-length gene RNA transcript and a primer set containing a primer specific to the ligated RNA oligonucleotide and a primer specific to a known sequence of the gene of interest, is used to PCR amplify the S' portion of the desired full length gene which may then be sequenced and used to generate the full length gene. This method starts with total RNA
isolated from the desired source, poly A RNA may be used but is not a prerequisite for this procedure. The RNA preparation may then be treated with phosphatase if necessary to eliminate 5' phosphate groups on degraded or damaged RNA which may interfere with the later RNA ligase step. The phosphatase if used is then inactivated and the RNA
is treated with tobacco acid pyrophosphatase in order to remove the cap structure present at the 5' ends of messenger RNAs. This reaction leaves a 5' phosphate group at the 5' end of the cap cleaved RNA which can then be ligated to an RNA oligonucleotide using T4 RNA
ligase.
This modified RNA preparation can then be used as a template for first strand cDNA
synthesis using a gene specific oligonucleotide. The first strand synthesis reaction can then be used as a template for PCR amplification of the desired 5' end using a primer specific to the ligated RNA oligonucleotide and a primer specific to the known sequence of the gene of interest. The resultant product is then sequenced and analyzed to confirm that the 5' end sequence belongs to the relevant gene.
[59] The present invention also relates to vectors or plasmids which include such DNA
sequences, as well as the use of the DNA sequences. The material deposited with the ATCC
(deposited with the ATCC on October 5, 2000, and receiving ATCC designation numbers PTA 2574 and PTA 2575; deposited with the ATCC on January 5, 2001, and receiving ATCC designation numbers TS-l, TS-2, AC-1, and AC-2; and/or as set forth, for example, in Table 1A, Table 6, or Table 7) is a mixture of cDNA clones derived from a variety of human tissue and cloned in either a plasmid vector or a phage vector, as described, for example, in Table 7. These deposits are referred to as "the deposits" herein. The tissues from which some of the clones were derived are listed in Table 7, and the vector in which the corresponding cDNA is contained is also indicated in Table 7. The deposited material includes cDNA clones corresponding to SEQ >D NO:X described, for example, in Table 1 A
(Clone >D NO:Z). A clone which is isolatable from the ATCC Deposits by use of a sequence listed as~ SEQ ID NO:X, may include the entire coding region of a human gene or in other cases such , clone may include a substantial portion of the coding region of a human gene.
Furthermore, although the sequence listing may in some instances list only a portion of the DNA sequence in a clone included in the ATCC Deposits, it is well within the ability of one skilled in the art to sequence the DNA included in a clone contained in the ATCC Deposits by use of a sequence (or portion thereof) described in, for example Tables lAor 2 by procedures hereinafter further described, and others apparent to those skilled in the art.
[60] Also provided in Table 7 is the name of the vector which contains the cDNA
clone. Each vector is routinely used in the art. The following additional information is provided for convenience.
[61] Vectors Lambda Zap (U.S. Patent Nos. 5,128,256 and 5,286,636), Uni-Zap XR
(U.S. Patent Nos. 5,128, 256 and 5,286,636), Zap Express (U.S. Patent Nos.
5,128,256 and 5,286,636), pBluescript (pBS) (Short, J. M. et al., Nucleic Acids Res. 16:7583-7600 (1988);
Along-Mees, M. A. and Short, J. M., Nucleic Acids Res. 17:9494 (1989)) and pBK
(Alting-Mees, M. A. et al., Strategies 5:58-61 (1992)) are commercially available from Stratagene Cloning Systems, Inc., 11011 N. Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA, 92037. pBS
contains an ampicillin resistance gene and pBK contains a neomycin resistance gene.
Phagemid pBS
may be excised from the Lambda Zap and Uni-Zap XR vectors, and phagemid pBK
may be excised from the Zap Express vector. Both phagemids may be transformed into E.
coli strain XL-1 Blue, also available from Stratagene.
[62] Vectors pSportl, pCMVSport 1.0, pCMVSport 2.0 and pCMVSport 3.0, were obtained from Life Technologies, Inc., P. O. Box 6009, Gaithersburg, MD 20897.
All Sport vectors contain an ampicillin resistance gene and may be transformed into E.
coli strain DHIOB, also available from Life Technologies. See, for instance, Gruber, C.
E., et al., Focus 15:59- (1993). Vector lafmid BA (Bento Soares, Columbia University, New York, NY) contains an ampicillin resistance gene and can be transformed into E. coli strain XL-1 Blue.
Vector pCR~2.1, which is available from Invitrogen, 1600 Faraday Avenue, Carlsbad, CA
92008, contains an ampicillin resistance gene and may be transformed into E.
coli strain DH10B, available from Life Technologies. See, for instance, Clark, J. M., Nuc.
Acids Res.
16:9677-9686 (1988) and Mead, D. et al., BiolTechnology 9: (1991).
[63] The present invention also relates to the genes corresponding to SEQ ID
NO:X, SEQ ID NO:Y, and/or the deposited clone (Clone ID NO:Z). The corresponding gene can be isolated in accordance with known methods using the sequence information disclosed herein.
Such methods include preparing probes or primers from the disclosed sequence and identifying or amplifying the corresponding gene from appropriate sources of genomic material.
[64] Also provided in the present invention are allelic variants, orthologs, and/or species homologs. Procedures known in the art can be used to obtain full-length genes, allelic variants, splice variants, full-length coding portions, orthologs, and/or species homologs of genes corresponding to SEQ ID NO:X or the complement thereof, polypeptides encoded by genes corresponding to SEQ ID NO:X or the complement thereof, and/or the cDNA
contained in Clone ID NO:Z, using information from the sequences disclosed herein or the clones deposited with the ATCC. For example, allelic variants and/or species homologs may be isolated and identified by making suitable probes or primers from the sequences provided herein and screening a suitable nucleic acid source for allelic variants and/or the desired homologue.
[65] The polypeptides of the invention can be prepared in any suitable manner.
Such polypeptides include isolated naturally occurring polypeptides, recombinantly produced polypeptides, synthetically produced polypeptides, or polypeptides produced by a combination of these methods. Means for preparing such polypeptides are well understood in the art.
[66] The polypeptides may be in the form of the secreted protein, including the mature form, or may be a part of a larger protein, such as a fusion protein (see below). It is often advantageous to include an additional amino acid sequence which contains secretory or leader sequences, pro-sequences, sequences which aid in purification, such as multiple histidine residues, or an additional sequence for stability during recombinant production.

[67] The polypeptides of the present invention are preferably provided in an isolated form, and preferably are substantially purified. A recombinantly produced version of a polypeptide, including the secreted polypeptide, can be substantially purified using techniques described herein or otherwise known in the art, such as, for example, by the one-step method described in Smith and Johnson, Gene 67:31-40 (1988). Polypeptides of the invention also can be purified from natural, synthetic or recombinant sources using techniques described herein or otherwise known in the art, such as, for example, antibodies of the invention raised against the polypeptides of the present invention in methods which are well known in the art.
[68] ' The present invention provides a polynucleotide comprising, or alternatively consisting of, the nucleic acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:X, and/or the cDNA
sequence contained in Clone >D NO:Z. The present invention also provides a polypeptide comprising, or alternatively, consisting of, the polypeptide sequence of SEQ >D NO:Y, a polypeptide encoded by SEQ 1~ NO:X or a complement thereof, a polypeptide encoded by the cDNA
contained in Clone >D NO:Z, and/or the polypeptide sequence encoded by a nucleotide sequence in SEQ >D NO:B as defined in column 6 of Table 1B. Polynucleotides encoding a polypeptide comprising, or alternatively consisting of the polypeptide sequence of SEQ ID
NO:Y, a polypeptide encoded by SEQ ID NO:X, a polypeptide encoded by the cDNA
contained in Clone >D NO:Z, and/or a polypeptide sequence encoded by a nucleotide sequence in SEQ 1D NO:B as defined in column 6 of Table 1B are also encompassed by the invention. The present invention further encompasses a polynucleotide comprising, or alternatively consisting of, the complement of the nucleic acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:X, a nucleic acid sequence encoding a polypeptide encoded by the complement of the nucleic acid sequence of SEQ m NO:X, and/or the cDNA contained in Clone m NO:Z.
[69] Moreover, representative examples of polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, or more of the sequences delineated in Table 1B column 6, or any combination thereof.
Additional, representative examples of polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, or more of the complementary strands) of the sequences delineated in Table 1B column 6, or any combination thereof. In further embodiments, the above-described polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, sequences delineated in Table 1B, column 6, and have a nucleic acid sequence which is different from that of the BAC fragment having the sequence disclosed in SEQ >D NO:B (see Table 1B, column 5). In additional embodiments, the above-described polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, sequences delineated in Table 1B, column 6, and have a nucleic acid sequence which is different from that published for the BAC clone identified as BAC m NO:A (see Table 1B, column 4). In additional embodiments, the above-described polynucleotides of ~ the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, sequences delineated in Table 1 B, column 6, and have a nucleic acid sequence which is different from that contained in the BAC clone identified as BAC m NO:A (see Table 1B, column 4). Polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides, other polynucleotides that encode these polypeptides, and antibodies that bind these polypeptides are also 'encompassed by the invention. Additionally, fragments and variants of the above-described polynucleotides and polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
[70] Further, representative examples of polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, or more of the sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B which correspond to the same Clone 1D NO:Z
(see Table 1 B, column 1 ), or any combination thereof. Additional, representative examples of polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, or more of the complementary strands) of the sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B which correspond to the same Clone >D NO:Z
(see Table 1B, column 1), or any combination thereof. In further embodiments, the above-described polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B which correspond to the same Clone >D NO:Z (see Table 1B, column 1) and have a nucleic acid sequence which is different from that ofthe BAC
fragment having the sequence disclosed in SEQ m NO:B (see Table 1B, column S). In additional embodiments, the above-described polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B which correspond to the same Clone >D NO:Z (see Table 1B, column 1) and have a nucleic acid sequence which is different from that published for the BAC clone identified as BAC >D NO:A (see Table 1B, column 4). In additional embodiments, the above-described polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1 B which correspond to the same Clone >D NO:Z (see Table 1B, column 1) and have a nucleic acid sequence which is different from that contained in the BAC clone identified as BAC m NO:A (see Table 1B, column 4). Polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides, other polynucleotides that encode these polypeptides, and antibodies that bind these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. Additionally, fragments and variants of the above-'described polynucleotides and polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
[71] Further, representative examples of polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, or more of the sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B which correspond to the same contig sequence identifer SEQ ID NO:X (see Table 1B, column 2), or any combination thereof.
Additional, representative examples of polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, or more of the complementary strands) of the sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B which correspond to the same contig sequence identifer SEQ ID NO:X (see Table 1B, column 2), or any combination thereof. In further embodiments, the above-described polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B which correspond to the same contig sequence identifer SEQ ID NO:X (see Table 1B, column 2) and have a nucleic acid sequence which is different from that of the BAC
fragment having the sequence disclosed in SEQ ID NO:B (see Table 1B, column S). In additional embodiments, the above-described polynucleotides of the invention comprise, , or alternatively consist of, sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B which correspond to the same contig sequence identifer SEQ ID NO:X (see Table 1B, column 2) and have a nucleic acid sequence which is different from that published for the BAC clone identified as BAC ID NO:A (see Table 1B, column 4). In additional embodiments, the above-described polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B which correspond to the same contig sequence identifer SEQ ID NO:X
(see Table 1 B, column 2) and have a nucleic acid sequence which is different from that contained in the BAC clone identified as BAC ID NO:A (See Table 1B, column 4).
Polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides, other polynucleotides that encode these polypeptides, and antibodies that bind these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. Additionally, fragments and variants of the above-described polynucleotides and polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
[72] Moreover, representative examples of polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, or more of the sequences delineated in the same row of Table 1B column 6, or any combination thereof.
Additional, representative examples of polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, or more of the complementary strands) of the sequences delineated in the same row of Table 1B
column 6, 6r any combination thereof. In preferred embodiments, the polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, or more of the complementary strands) of the sequences delineated in the same row of Table 1B column 6, wherein sequentially delineated sequences iri the table (i.e.
corresponding to those exons located closest to each other) are directly contiguous in a 5' to 3' orientation. W
further embodiments, above-described polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, sequences delineated in the same row of Table 1B, column 6, and have a nucleic acid sequence which is different from that of the BAC fragment having the sequence disclosed in SEQ >D NO:B (see Table 1B, column 5). In additional embodiments, the above-described polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, sequences delineated in the same row of Table 1B, column 6, and have a nucleic acid sequence which is different from that published for the BAC clone identified as BAC >I7 NO:A (see Table 1B, column 4). In additional embodiments, the above-described polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, sequences delineated in the same row of Table 1B, column 6, and have a nucleic acid sequence which is different from that contained in the BAC clone identified as BAC >D NO:A (see Table 1B, column 4).
Polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides, other polynucleotides that encode these polypeptides, and antibodies that bind these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
[73] In additional specific embodiments, polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, or more of the sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B, and the polynucleotide sequence of SEQ m NO:X (e.g., as defined in Table 1B, column 2) or fragments or variants thereof. Polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides, other polynucleotides that encode these polypeptides, and antibodies that bind these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
[74] In additional specific embodiments, polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, or more of the sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B which correspond to the same Clone ID NO:Z
(see Table 1B, column 1), and the polynucleotide sequence of SEQ B7 NO:X
(e.g., as defined in Table 1A or 1B) or fragments or variants thereof. In preferred embodiments, the delineated sequences) and polynucleotide sequence of SEQ >Z7 NO:X correspond to the same Clone ID NO:Z. Polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides, other polynucleotides that encode these polypeptides, and antibodies that bind these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
[75] In further specific embodiments, polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, or more of the sequences delineated in the same row of column 6 of Table 1B, and the polynucleotide sequence of SEQ ID NO:X (e.g., as defined in Table 1A or 1B) or fragments or variants thereof. In preferred embodiments, the delineated sequences) and polynucleotide sequence of SEQ ID NO:X correspond to the same row of column 6 of Table 1B.
Polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides, other polynucleotides that encode these polypeptides, and antibodies that bind these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
[76] In additional specific embodiments, polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of a polynucleotide sequence in which the 3' 10 polynucleotides of one of the sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B and the 5' 10 polynucleotides of the sequence of SEQ >D NO:X are directly contiguous. Nucleic acids which hybridize to the complement of these 20 contiguous polynucleotides under stringent hybridization conditions or alternatively, under lower stringency conditions, are also encompassed by the invention.
Polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides and/or nucleic acids, other polynucleotides and/or nucleic acids that encode these polypeptides, and antibodies that bind these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. Additionally, fragments and variants of the above-described polynucleotides, nucleic acids, and polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
(77] In additional specific embodiments, polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, a polynucleotide sequence in which the 3' 10 polynucleotides of one of the sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B and the 5' 10 polynucleotides of a fragment or variant of the sequence of SEQ >D NO:X are directly contiguous Nucleic acids which hybridize to the complement of these 20 contiguous polynucleotides under stringent hybridization conditions or alternatively, under lower stringency conditions, are also encompassed by the invention. Polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides and/or nucleic acids, other polynucleotides and/or nucleic acids encoding these polypeptides, and antibodies that bind these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
Additionally, fragments and variants of the above-described polynucleotides, nucleic acids, and polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[78] In specific embodiments, polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, a polynucleotide sequence in which the 3' 10 polynucleotides of the sequence of SEQ ~ NO:X and the 5' 10 polynucleotides of the sequence of one of the sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B are directly contiguous. Nucleic acids which hybridize to the complement of these 20 contiguous polynucleotides under stringent hybridization conditions or alternatively, under lower stringency conditions, are also encompassed by the invention. Polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides and/or nucleic acids, other polynucleotides and/or nucleic acids encoding these polypeptides, and antibodies that bind these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
Additionally, fragments and variants of the above-described polynucleotides, nucleic acids, and polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
[79] In specific embodiments, polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, a polynucleotide sequence in which the 3' 10 polynucleotides of a fragment or variant of the sequence of SEQ >D NO:X and the 5' 10 polynucleotides of the sequence of one of the sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B are directly contiguous.
Nucleic acids which hybridize to the complement of these 20 contiguous polynucleotides under stringent hybridization conditions or alternatively, under lower stringency conditions, are also encompassed by the invention. Polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides and/or nucleic acids, other polynucleotides and/or nucleic acids encoding these polypeptides, and antibodies that bind these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
Additionally, fragments and variants of the above-described polynucleotides, nucleic acids, and polypeptides, are also encompassed by the invention.
[80] In further specific embodiments, polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, a polynucleotide sequence in which the 3' 10 polynucleotides of one of the sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1 B and the 5' 10 polynucleotides of another sequence in column 6 are directly contiguous. Nucleic acids which hybridize to the complement of these 20 contiguous polynucleotides under stringent hybridization conditions or alternatively, under lower stringency conditions, are also encompassed by the invention.
Polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides and/or nucleic acids, other polynucleotides and/or nucleic acids encoding these polypeptides, and antibodies that bind these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. Additionally, fragments and variants of the above-described polynucleotides, nucleic acids, and polypeptides are also encompassed by the W venrion.

[81] In specific embodiments, polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, a polynucleotide sequence in which the 3' 10 polynucleotides of one of the sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B and the 5' 10 polynucleotides of another sequence in column 6 corresponding to the same Clone ID NO:Z (see Table 1B, column 1) are directly contiguous. Nucleic acids which hybridize to the complement of these 20 lower stringency conditions, are also encompassed by the invention. Polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides and/or nucleic acids, other polynucleotides and/or nucleic acids encoding these polypeptides, and antibodies that bind these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. Additionally, fragments and variants of the above-described polynucleotides, nucleic acids, and polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
[82] In specific embodiments, polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, a polynucleotide sequence in which the 3' 10 polynucleotides of one sequence in column 6 corresponding to the same contig sequence identifer SEQ
ID NO:X
(see Table 1B, column 2) are directly contiguous. Nucleic acids which hybridize to the complement of these 20 contiguous polynucleotides under stringent hybridization conditions or alternatively, under lower stringency conditions, are also encompassed by the invention.
Polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides and/or nucleic acids, other polynucleotides and/or nucleic acids encoding these polypeptides, and antibodies that bind these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. Additionally, fragments and variants of the above-described polynucleotides, nucleic acids, and polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
[83] In specific embodiments, polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of a polynucleotide sequence in which the 3' 10 polynucleotides of one of the sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B and the 5' 10 polynucleotides of another sequence in column 6 corresponding to the same row are directly contiguous. In preferred embodiments, the 3' 10 polynucleotides of one of the sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B is directly contiguous with the 5' 10 polynucleotides of the next sequential exon delineated in Table 1B, column 6. Nucleic acids which hybridize to the complement of these 20 contiguous polynucleotides under stringent hybridization conditions or alternatively, under lower stringency conditions, are also encompassed by the invention.
Polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides and/or nucleic acids, other polynucleotides and/or nucleic acids encoding these polypeptides, and antibodies that bind these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. Additionally, fragments and variants of the above-described polynucleotides, nucleic acids, and polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
[84J Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. Accordingly, for each contig sequence (SEQ >D NO:X) listed in the fourth column of Table 1 A, preferably excluded are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 and the final nucleotide minus 15 of SEQ >D
NO:X, b is an integer of 15 to the final nucleotide of SEQ ID NO:X, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:X, and where b is greater than or equal to a + 14. More specifically, preferably excluded are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a and b are integers as defined in columns 4 and 5, respectively, of Table 3. In specific embodiments, the polynucleotides of the invention do not consist of at least one, two, three, four, five, ten, or more of the specific polynucleotide sequences referenced by the Genbank Accession No. as disclosed in column 6 of Table 3 (including for example, published sequence in connection with a particular BAC clone). In further embodiments, preferably excluded from the invention are the specific polynucleotide sequences) contained in the clones corresponding to at least one, two, three, four, five, ten, or more of the available material having the accession numbers identified in the sixth column of this Table (including for example, the actual sequence contained in an identified BAC clone). In no way is this listing meant to encompass all of the sequences which may be excluded by the general formula, it is just a representative example. All references available through these accessions are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety.

SE

Q

ID

Clone ID NO: Contig EST Disclaimer NO: Z X ID: Range ACCesslon #'s of a Range of b HAJAU21 11 1007572 1 - 628 1 S - AL045231, AI953200, AW005541, AA513506, 220296, Y 12226, AB015317, X54424, AJ224112, AJ224114, A74844, and AJ224113.

HMSKF13 12 708207 1 - 387 15 - 401 AA148393, AC023891, and AC023891.

HHPFV44 13 1121866 1 - 683 15 - 697 898212, F06274, 887869, and AF225971.

HLHCT68 14 764745 1 - 425 15 - 439 891150, H67895, AI205078, 225012, C05212, 230134, AA194359, AC010344, AC010344, AC010344, AC008496, and AC008496.

HTLAQ18 15 811792 1 - 649 15 - 663 AA442624, AI382107, AA009701, and AL133054.

HE6FD03 16 1153880 1 - 837 15 - 851 AA431537, AW404444, AI283081, AI355127, AA431213, AI241247, AI025060, AI017479, AI276732, AA737782, AI351906, AA700252, AI564874, AA861742, AI864024, AI051964, 240548, AA976182, AI363484, AI350761, AA688143, AI160881, AA662752, AI028241, 884964, AI332354, F08983, AI471267, 878868, AA670442, AI920956, AA312704, AC000097, AC006547, AC000083, AC003060, AC005664, and AJ236691.

HEQAY32 17 869178 1 - 1169 15 - 1183AA459604, AA703415, AA703508, AI337830, AI924185, AA993540, AA398958, AA047107, AI581879, 850486, AA399541, AA826082, AA047244, AI570681, AW007699, AA742413, AI278602, AI479681, AA810070, AI346375, AI468327, AA766769, AI721136, AA317334, AI378094, H08229, AA878088, AI269575, T36249, AA878089, M78847, H08868, AW 138078, AA322162, AI824732, F04540, F04098, AI383526, F02816, 850380, AA383971, AI444981, AI953863, and AB033004.

HSSJM44 18 871067 1 - 1034 15 - 1048 AA402834, AA313382, ~

T75200, H10173, 246198, T34442, 813072, AA357096, AA383450, T07941, AC026352, AC026352, AC069443, AC069443, AC068755, and AC068755.

HYAAU65 20 909956 1 - 581 15 - 595 T81523, T98761, AL080117, AB023176, U14103Nov 22 2000 3:26:56: and 380AM.

HAHEF22 21 910996 1 - 872 15 - 886 AA447298.

HPDV067 22 1173157 1 - 1135 15 - 1149 AI963225, AI758877, AI807994, AW 150122, AI248930, AA292182, AI708051, AI142918, AA993485, AW001319, AI798505, AI218504, AA983431, AA196524, AA633225, AI306679, 848227, AA897389, AA399226, AI734849, 854747, AW072089, AA405765, AA476847, AA405846, 848226, AA865971, AA402159, AA290822, AA954879, AA291888, AW082573, AA410677, AA402040, AA235386, AA954094, AA284936, AI471266, AW374525, AW374552, AW351832, AI267732, AW374499, AW374468, AC005954, AF023617, and 261317.

HFKKS58 23 1152246 1 - 1444 15 - 1458 AW246359; AW246572, AA827562, AA514488, AL135673, AI539185, AA459956, AI190270, AA778031, AA083889, AI539830, AL134250, AA255533, AA460045, AA532881, AA083888, F19104, AA384265, AA749416, AI972095, AA247961, AA702934, N66268, AA364111, AI630888, AA255505, AW438881, N79931, AA729375, AA334602, AW363733, T06791, and AF116910.

HTFBE02 24 1199605 1 - 1364 15 - 1378 AI923217, AA197141, AI814569, AI762903, AI804682, AI804663, AI143304, AA197116, AI082030, AI911904, AI139520, 892413, AW274978, W93272, AI183410, AW450838, AI216343, AA680119, AI918971, C15320, W93273, F00607, AI823928, T51116, 219397, T96093, 892414, T51024, D53214, AI422647, AI216344, AI741425, AI936703, T96094, 842713, AI869077, F00114, C00216, 817362, 266165, and 256024.

HCEOR02 25 921110 1 - 545 15 - 559 AA325666.

HLMD095 26 928344 1 - 469 15 - 483 AC020641.

HCEMY90 27 932927 1 - 592 15 - 606 AA324130, AA361570, 812848, AF214633, AF214633, AC024242, and AC024242.

HBGQN46 28 945370 1 - 888 15 - 902 AA479990, AW293680, AI473367, AI184880, AI086741, AI081183, AI214276, AA742259, AA836754, 855060, AA251267, AI285889, AI813391, AW297831, AI819671, AF038458, and AF038458.

HTEPK69 29 951188 1 - 1255 15 - 1269 AL046787, 278359, 824919, H62992, W39450, H24270, AA364532, . 241904, AA305651, AI739068, AA325114, AI750479, AA101388, AA346082, AI469164, AA417722, AA076212, AI016444, AB029031, Y17923, and I86429.

HRODF07 30 952426 1 - 324 15 - 338 ACOI 1597, and AC023402.

HUJDC24 31 953517 1 - 1408 15 - 1422 AI467849, AI742229, AW148851, AI916736, AI281433, AA804534, AI564217, AI523942, AW364769, AW299493, AI620008, AI123945, AI377579, 278359, AI191913, AI610109, AW085483, AA923067, AI769651, AI928062, AI078678, AA854786, AI025849, AI581271, AA609195, AA812157, AI150639, AI261346, AI433379, AA599239, AI743119, AW 194073, AI760076, AA507048, AI041747, AW002493, AW391749, AI492025, AA890051, AA113313, AA004830, C06203, AW 169615, AA814762, C75084, AI814568, AA631549, AW408517, AA079540, AI245591, AA317350, AI025449, AI017117, H62870, AL046787, AW269195, AA953576, AA083323, AW079439, AI655457, AA890518, H22877, AA861351, AA768236, AA079508, H65006, AW075096, H65005, AI538604, T30796, AA004983, AA384663, AA380072, AA364532, AA180878, AA054836, 867437, 238201, AA648532, W38371, AA180892, AW407493, AI739068, 824919, H62992, r AB029031, Y17923, and I86429.

HNHCI32 32 861673 1 - 586 15 - 600 AF112462, and AR035954.

HUVDR03 33 1212685 1 - 3158 15 - 3172AA768846, AI671768, AI961239, AI884699, AA514474, AI679628, AI521280, AA156958, AI139530, AI885479, AI336225, AI186828, AI735075, AI626081, AI494518, AI275985, AA749446, AI914010, w AI921928, AW207720, AI130746, AA993271, AI130728, AI299980, AA976621, W69667, AI279330, AA229014, AA742981, 819745, AA156866, AI216523, AA255782, AI811823, 884393, AA488821, AI419263, AA489068, AA229863, AA701250, AA705638, N47318, AA229731, AW271763, AA687125, AA862901, AL044304, AW372345, AW272381, AA939081, W73428, AI478491, AW089880, AA702739, AA765337, AW021871, F06156, AA977247, AI141957, W73367, AI283582, W45513, AA127066, 884392, AI985183, AW439593, AI560741, AI687916, AI186368, AI203537, AA047572, W69666, H66133, AI081094, AA453238, AA463404, AW294792, AA356896, AA318684, H66549, AL046248, AA373158, AA011074, AL046015, 225224, AA480226, AW292636, H43300, AI222506, W24708, AA492470, T47922, AA579885, T47923, AA348753, T05906, AA455850, H43299, AW292633, AA011075, AI419633, D61430, AA772416, AI587496, AA147480, N92391, AA378964, 845164, AA714016, AA130104, AI560507, AW272813, AW376847, AI471022, H16172, AI568064, 868334, AI567645, AW376809, W45654, AA256004, AA280280, AL133683, AA378963, AA341472, AA887264, AA147880, AA704633, AA429202, AI905673, AI216605, AW168495, C14179, AI963999, AC020663, U70255, L06564, X89268, and AF005380.

HLTCT21 34 975033 1 - 1305 15 - 1319 AA001257, AW390109, AA149562, C05730, AI342264, AI274957, AI139524, AA151642, AA467756, AI132915, AW390186, AI683026, AA467995, AI921624, AA002262, AI624444, AI302167, AI347041, AI382066, AI888857, AI041643, AI283206, AI160682, AI393801, AW391467, T93307, AA379905, AI094800, AA856948, AW391475, AI312598, AI000325, AI289177, AI310436, H15978, AA565691, AA885184, AI278759, AI342194, AI083948, AI921687, AI347545, D83882, AA453766, C05795, AW297678, AA922168, N94588, AI801674, AI679825, AW008455, AA358043, AI679249, AAl 15793, AI697006, AI493351, AI630853, W60406, W52946, AI351551, AA453850, AI302459, AI907019, AW365995, AW365918, AA862930, AW381563, AW365896, AW069527, AA467938, AI421230, AA358042, T30922, AW082407, AI559167, AI784345, AA889377, AI174263, T08780, AI126061, AA468056, AI094399, AW379998, T93984, AI264468, AI378984, 239023, AF010127, A84918, AF015450, A86556, AF009618, AF041458, A84924, AF005774, AF041461, AF041460, AF015451, AF041459, AF009616, AF041462, AC007283, AF009617, AF009619, AF015452, U97075, A84916, AF005775, and A86558.

HLHGH34 35 1023772 1 - 1529 15 - 1543AI056280, AA399001, N31314, AL120264, AA399591, 895732, AA224343, 858162, AA699899, AJ223333, AF045888, and AF012128.

HFXBN61 36 1172816 1 - 1255 15 - 1269AA478265, AA428837, AA496285, AA478321, 817757, 837358, 867163, AA400943, AA400877, 819123, 811880, 844789, and U87305.

HELGW31 38 610003 1 - 1645 15 - 1659C14389, D80268, AW 177440, AW 177501, AW177511, AW352117, D81026, D59502, AI905856, AW 178893, T03269, C14014, AA305578, AW179328, AW366296, AW360811, AW375405, r AA514188, D58283, D59859, D80022, C14331, D80166, D80195, D80193, D59927, D59467, D51423, D59619, D80210, D51799, D80391, D80164, D59275, D80240, D80253, D80043, D59787, D80227, AW378532, D81030, D80212, D80196, D80188, D80219, AW176467, w C15076, D80269, D80038, D59610, D57483, D80366, AA305409, C14429, D51022, D50979, D50995, D59889, AW 178762, D80024, AW377671, D80378, AW 178775, AW360844, AW360817, D80241, D51060, AW352158, AW375406, D80248, AW378534, AW179332, AW377672, AW 179023, AW 178905, D80134, D80045, D80132, D51097, AW352170, D58253, AW352171, D80522, AW377676, AW 177731, AW 178907, AW 179019, AW 179024, D80251, AA514186, C75259, D80133, AW 178906, AW 177505, AW 179020, AW 178909, AW 177456, AW 179329, AW 178980, AW 177733, AW378528, AW 178908, AW 178754, AW 179018, AW 179004, AW 178914, AW178911, AW367967, AW352174, D80302, AW 178774, AW 177723, D80439, D80247, T48593, AI535850, AW178983, D51103, AW367950, C 14975, AW 178986, D45260, AI525913, Y17188, X82626, A84916, A67220, D89785, A62300, A62298, A78862, D34614, D26022, D88547, AJ132110, AR018138, X67155, A25909, AF058696, AR008278, Y12724, AR025207, AB028859, AB012117, A94995, A85396, D88507, AR066482, A44171, A85477, AR008443, I19525, A86792, I18367, X93549, I50126, I50132, I50128, I50133, AR066488, A82595, AR066490, AR016514, D50010, D13509, AR060138, A45456, A26615, AR052274, Y09669, AR060385, AB002449, AR066487, A43192, A43190, AR038669, A30438, AR008408, U79457, AF135125, AR060133, AR008382Nov 22 2000 12:53:15: and 800AM.

HDJME16 39 1206706 1 - 155915 - 1573 AL046450, AW296638, AW027431, N25289, AA653247, AA916161, AA343865, AF135440, and AL137459.

HISAR63 40 1199655 1 - 162915 - 1643 AA778721, AI309326, AI923088, AW 157189, AW009559, N21676, AW277241, AI015567, AA142926, AA935517, AI340068, N71214, AA046446, AI890415, AA313266, AI760248, AI421490, AI423473, AA576688, AI342399, AA946956, AW 163161, AA826534, AA143149, AA056157, AI803454, AA125818, AA233629, N22011, AA594414, AA405935, AI862039, AA315935, AW148924, AI245757, AW374039, N80237, AA488928, AW304989, W33046, AA782164, AW403205, H89121, T78059, AI953431, AI344475, AA074821, AI148049, AI707964, AA864308, AA702036, AA058701, AA034997, AW057651, AA045662, AA084570, AA172038, AW438849, AA743021, AI708566, AA045663, C05053, AW268698, AW078896, AA312059, AA894905, AA586355, AA947891, AA724345, AI024387, AI631228, AA878972, W38328, AL048109, AA125949, T59457, F13274, AA172290, AA831417, AI905071, AA047840, H06542, AA053980, N31289, AA135017, AW337421, AA373169, H06484, T06616, AA837059, T77300, AW295581, 239935, AA759329, N31083, 839702, F10872, AA057237, T36230, H89228, 243869, AA598442, AA233777, AA056096, D53439, AA035459, AA484066, AA018173, 896192, AA693386, AL048108, AW392317, AI090106, AA732389, AW150491, AI270737, 838185, 237004, AA501472, AA483236, T19033, AA749100, W04596, H41069, AI200780, AA580553, AA405183, T18978, N56489, AW189389, AA079574, D19937, AI9051 O 1, AR044461, and AF061739.

HE8DL23 41 693641 1 - 487 15 - 501 W78996, AW172850, AW169307, AW401638, AA399131, AA251893, AI361767, AB015318, AF068706, AF068707, AL135999, and AL135999.

HAJCL60 42 1218435 1 - 19881 S - 2002AA626698, AW004763, AL042663, C00237, M13442, M13443, AR051318, K03460, AF172400, AR023871, A76335, 583440, X52308, U79414, AF026124, AR038854, AF017790, X59813, AF000167, AL096720, AL133655, E01314, and AF078852.

HKABW26 45 1127499 1 - 776 15 - 790 AI801903, AI768712, AI333177, AI805900, AA588685, AW294927, AI492047, AI302255, AW166321, AA973387, N22140, AA808664, N71516, AA215502, AA029037, AA099693, AA927014, AA099692, AA768510, H47467, AW291894, AL039390, AL046681, AI890907, AL046137, AI926046, AI049726, AI249936, AA598862, AL042009, AI672187, AL042551, AL047188, AA446038, AL044204, AI926327, AI920975, AL045166, AI446483, AL120789, AL045503, AW337394, AI888581, AL043088, AL134357, 299289, and AF201334.

HE9HE89 46 1189795 1 - 211815 - 2132 AI801903, AI768712, AI333177, AW020553, AA621052, D60213, AA310511, AI805900, AW294927, AI613127, AI492047, AI302255, N51701, AW166321, AA973387, AI908563, AI525785, N48792, AI719605, AA588685, AI077404, AI243385, AA573234, AI284732, AA345848, AA808664, AA587950, N71516, AA278670, AA215502, D60202, N22140, AA278202, AA327840, AI080061, AA029037, w AA099693, AI862953, D60212, D60201, N45583, N64148, AA099692, AA927014, AA768510, H47467, AW291894, AA446038, AF201334, and 299289.

HEON059 47 741361 1 - 848 15 - 862 W37916, AW369323, AL138197, AA292636, AA789205, AA278688, AI077497, AI670821, AW 117287, AA608906, AA382777, AA724269, AA278680, AA827227, AI160796, AA600253, AI990171, AA625768, W37874, AA421286, AA292637, AA844108, AA917528, AW316905, AA768446, and AF117210.

HE6BQ76 48 775616 1 - 353 15 - 367 AA099543, AA669197, AA127290, 818710, H08922, W79474, AW 118919, AW304022, N41498, AA213595, W86555, H51174, 225317, AA304745, AI609937, H57648, AF083033, AR028451, AF072860, 284477, and AF083032.

HDPYE27 49 1216489 1 - 2302 15 - 2316AL134742, AA778440, N37091, N75091, AA639654, AW022145, AW007159, AI683811, AA053789, AI122783, AI744925, AI467948, N50027, AA057679, N77557, AI445747, N28928, AA243776, AI363334, AI336372, AI963359, AI040028, AI479455, AA165101, AW385014, AI500179, AI697381, W37774, AI339917, AI653997, AA693500, AI806196, AA228021, AI333501, AI142930, N21339, W60875, AI431532, AA035737, AI632712, AA063622, W73050, AA975536, AA576042, AI124024, AI658995, AI440474, W60732, AI034259, AA975579, AI311527, AI969455, AI080681, AW025344, N64476, AI887691, AA926635, AA281420, N35915, AA278973, AI346272, N62274, AA410201, N67994, AA543095, N27998, AI394262, AA281380, C75130, AA582148, AW341214, AI061278, AI370984, N43014, AI147848, AI580843, AI983578, 896110, N75197, AA232786, W37990, N95298, H97841, AI074120, N36648, AI282107, AA233347, 856367, D56390, N36876, H04632, N33506, AA130092, AI797419, AA974076, H42814, W80686, AA766923, AI748830, H21609, AI917261, W80865, AI453342, 832872, 831373, AI095232, AA912662, AI915416, M78700, AI002766, W44789, W29011, N52321, AI077579, AA314971, N22321, N33338, AI026003, AI830057, AW021634, r AI299595, AI246278, AA558723, AA847542, AI191815, AI765002, 859115, AA743613, AA730188, AI302598, AI244544, H12348, T08244, AA094999, T16664, AI421363, N47433, AW370192, N33351, T34113, W07579, AI873477, D58486, T30904, 859114, AA814563, F06223, AA776919, AI274376, C04716, N46147, AA665858, AW149733, AA573244, N43000, AA298197, T92184, F12336, AA386234, AI825897, AI333196, C03677, T66084, AA228112, C05913, AA854336, 239132, 896072, 833003, N80416, 878803, AI094600, F06176, AI379933, 824775, AI391739, T87636, 876203, AA737626, AA082696, AA302875, AI698554, T31494, T56448, AA296902, 242327, AA725147, AA370253, AA290935, 224957, T09018, T30823, 239088, T08243, AA285111, AA861783, AW 193046, H72982, AI127992, H89910, AA298178, N46405, AA243648, AA493205, AA410182, H89911, N42305, N87136, N62343, 228664, AI828386, W24772, N80865, AW386714, AI886156, 835868, N92210, F13786, AI866424, T35613, AA384765, AA054617, AA877058, D56703, N26016, N43789, T92218, 838141, AW380302, AA300758, AI735379, .
T31648, T35315, AA096136, 833002, AA486303, F05590, w AA310870, 838053, D82417, 835869, N38773, F01856, AA036707, T34827, T30754, AA809971, AI244054, H72981, AF062347, AF062346, AF062072, AF062071, AL031779, X75687, L37047, 577728, and S77733.

HDPCN94 50 1216484 1 - 2809 15 - 2823 AI094945, AW338968, AI126294, AW026228, AI982584, AI589050, AI309065, AA026692, AI018447, AW003916, AW338195, AA424111, AI279956, AA400155, AA952950, AA939286, AI018115, AA400313, 847388, AI290258, N93448, D79950, W21217, AI493787, AI263862, AI338763, AI042507, AI619662, AI567582, AI620302, AI671642, AW169653, AI309401, AI499890, AI524654, AW059713, AI800464, AL037558, AI627988, AI521005, N42321, AI886415, AL036673, AW151136, AL119863, AI783530, AW020693, AI254226, AI889168, AL079963, AA494167, AA287231, AI890507, AL036631, AW163823, AL079960, AI267162, AW084447, AL038779, AW074993, AW072484, AI349614, AI573026, AW193134, AW071380, AI436429, AI273094, AI282355, AI349256, AI312152, AI307557, AI345347, AA833760, AI620093, AW075084, AI687168, AI349937, AW021373, AW302992, AI345688, AI334884, AI307543, AW051059, AW071412, AI307708, AI312325, AI340659, AI687166, AI336633, AI345567, AI334930, AI309443, AI307520, AW 169604, AI340664, AI349957, AL040241, AI345739, AI312143, AI345005, AI446373, AI310927, AI589668, AA640779, AI307578, AI349955, AI580674, AW075093, AI494201, AI345143, AI312357, AL119791, AL041150, AW302965, AI254727, AI343112, AI874166, AI473451, AI582932, AW074869, AW 167918, AA417129, AL036274, AW301300, AI349598, AA572758, AI538764, AL036664, AWO75207, AI343037, AW 161579, AI345735, AI312428, AW085786, AI866798, AW022682, AI431424, AI500714, AW023338, AI358701, AW073898, AA420722, AW105601, AI284517, AI923989, AI572717, AW080995, AI307210, AI567612, AI648684, AI648567, AI433034, AI440263, AI589267, AI310575, AI313320, AI313352, AI340533, AI349266, AW072719, AI312146, AI312339, AI309431, AI345258, AI690748, AI251221, AW 161156, AI590686, AI281757, AI783504, AI311604, AL048656, AI923370, AW089572, AW071417, AL047422, AI349269, AI433157, AI702073, AI310945, AI539153, AI682593, AI340627, AL120853, AL036980, AW 130863, AI630747, AI345224, AI633125, AI698391, AL046595, AW083778, AI311892, AI919593, AA983883, AI889147, AA613907, AA580663, AI670009, AI889189, AI917963, AI288285, AI890806, AW196105, AW269097, AI955906, AI918449, AI872910, AI310925, AI587121, AW163834, AW072588, AI312399, AW162194, AI933992, AI537677, AW263804, AI344826, AW268253, AI345156, AI690946, AI554821, AI348854, AI307569, AL036802, AI311159, AW079334, AI336495, AI336654, AI554343, AI567351, AL036396, AI382670, AL036403, AI950664, AL039086, AW 152182, AA012905, AI307736, AI345562, AI345026, AI307454, AL038463, AI348897, AI800433, AF120323, AL122086, AF120324, AB022915, AF121102, AF195656, I48978, A08916, A18777, I89947, A08913, A08910, AR038854, A08909, A08912, A08908, I89931, I49625, U42766, I89934, I89944, AF141289, A08911, X52128, A08907, U49908, 536676, AL133557, AF 118094, I48979, AF067790, E05822, AF106862, Y09972, A03736, AF106657, A90832, AJ238278, AL133560, U00763, Y11254, AR068751, U87620, 297214, I03321, AL117416, AL133113, Y 10080, AL080127, AL049465, X70685, X80340, AF111112, AF091084, AL122050, AL137550, AL137463, AF113694, X87582, AF100931, AL049283, U35846, I96214, AR034830, AL133568, AF162270, U80742, AL110222, AF118064, AL049466, AL137554, AF061795, AL122110, AL137271, AF151685, AL122106, AF146568, AF090943, AL122093, AL117583, AL050277, AF113690, AF199509, AR013797, A77033, A77035, AF017152, AF097996, AL137560, S78214, AF158248, E12806, Y07905, AL137660, AL049464, E02349, AC004227, I00734, Y 16645, AL080086, AF067728, AF028823, AF090900, I26207, AL049452, AF113676, AL049430, AL137705, X96540, AL137530, X63162, AL050024, AL050116, M86826, AB007812, AL137429, X82434, AF090934, A07647, ALl 10225, U91329, AL080124, AL080163, AF106827, AL110280, AL122098, AF090896, AL117649, AL110171, AF026816, X57961, X84990, AJ000937, AL049300, U68233, 561953, I92592, AF078844, U68387, AF090886, S69510, AL133075, A76335, AL137526, L19437, S76508, AL133080, I41145, U58996, U78525, AL133565, AL133606, AL137521, AL133640, AL137539, AF090903, AL050149, X98834, AF126247, AL117460, AF087943, AR038969, AF051325, AF031147, AL137459, U72621, AF079763, AJ242859, AL122104, AF113691, AF017437, AL122049, AL117457, AL133665, AL117435, AL137478, I09499, AF125948, AL080159, Y10936, U95114, E00617, E00717, E00778, AL133098, AF113013, AR029490, AF118070, AL137658, U49434, AL133016, AL023657, M30514, X65873, L31396, AF026124, AF113699, AF079765, AL137529, AL080060, AL050108, AL137527, A65341, AL050138, AL133014, X93495, AL137300, AL137548, AL117394, A21103, X92070, E15569, AJ003118, A15345, AF113019, AF177401, AL137283, AF061943, AR020905, AL080140, AL110196, Ak'137367, A45787, AL133104, AL080158, AL137533, A18788, AL050015, AR011880, AL137556, AF030513, L31397, AF132676, AL137712, AF111849, A93350, AF113677, AL137558, AF061836, AF032666, AL122111, AF012536, AB019565, D83032, and 237987.

HDPDH64 51 796509 1 - 506 15 - 520 AI929457, AW249044, AI739490, AB020706, X14972, X53773, X14971, and 266177.

HFIJC31 52 828148 1 - 519 15 - 533 AA885328, N79858, and AI184184.

HACCH94 53 847143 1 - 1399 15 - 1413 AI093369, AW292321, AA972431, N40174, AA746376, AA130392, AA286750, AA287684, 871586, 871568, 871587, H03136, H03946, 871567, AI471079, H97311, AA365025, AF039686, AF118670, AR034800, AF081916, AL161458, and AL161458.

HTEED80 55 849075 1 - 1299 15 - 1313 W87655, AA465429, AA203572, AI479983, AI540082, AA192438, AA836236, AA465358, AA829419, AA507269, AW290970, AI796504, AA904433, AA368409, AA688079, AW189971, AA601527, AA393948, F36549, W87656, AA320120, AI862710, F30605, AA196706, and AJ242978.

HNTBH68 56 1109052 1 - 579 15 - 593 AW157233, 243649, C15376, and 820382.

HAJBU67 57 1186051 1 - 1680 15 - 1694 AA436974, AW301595, AI338889, AI627769, AI148986, AW295167, AI095891, AA228704, AW300645, AA938998, AW290959, AI584103, W51788, AW239035, AA631562, AA314478, T30453, AA593364, AA380939, AA593259, D20778, AW 148377, T19553, AI371361, AA380937, AA228703, T19552, AW156939, AI696364, AF132951, and AW514097.

HE20I42 58 857135 1 - 160915 - 1623 AW179274, AL037345, T60653, AA297223, AI222285, AA180256, AI470271, AI569173, AA654529, T57755, AW374056, D26549, X78479, U04354, Y13971, and AC005281.

HISAR24 59 1206561 1 - 143415 - 1448 AA778721, AI309326, AI923088, AW157189, N21676, AW009559, AW277241, AI015567, AA142926, AA935517, N71214, AI340068, AA046446, AI890415, AI760248, AI421490, AI423473, AA576688, AI342399, AA946956, AA826534, AA143149, AA594414, AA233629, AI803454, AA125818, N2201 l, AA313266, AI953431, AI862039, AW148924, AA315935, AI245757, AW374039, N80237, AA488928, W33046, AW304989, AA782164, H89121, T78059, AI344475, AW403205, AA074821, AI148049, AI707964, AA172038, AA864308, AA702036, AW 163161, AA034997, AA058701, AW057651, AA045662, AA084570, AW438849, AA743021, AI708566, AA045663, C05053, AA312059, AW268698, AW078896, AA894905, AA724345, AA586355, AA947891, AA878972, AI024387, AI631228, AL048109, F 13274, T59457, AA831417, AA172290, AI905071, H06542, AA125949, AW337421, H06484, T06616, N31289, AA135017, T77300, AA837059, AW295581, AA759329, 839702, 239935, AA056157, F10872, AA405935, w W38328, AA057237, H89228, AA233777, AA598442, AA056096, D53439, AA035459, AA373169, AA484066, 896192, AA693386, AL048108, AI090106, AA732389, AI270737, AA047840, AW392317, AW150491, 838185, 237004, AA501472, AA483236, AA749100, H41069, W04596, AI200780, AA053980, AA580553, AA405183, T18978, N31083, AW189389, D19937, AI905101, N56489, AA079574, AI002285, AR044461, AF061739, A30543, I19505, U96138, AL137283, and AF069506.

HMEK039 60 1228120 1 - 2051 15 - 2065AI832149, AA253498, AA927669, AW 136320, AA284897, AI375638, AI141878, AA410733, AA724418, AI656580, AA626359, AA633990, AI341987, AA210941, AA480438, AI499844, AI498056, AW135997, AA595691, AA209463, AI804771, AI278733, W52189, AI199374, AA602519, AA253394, AI189792, AI151483, AI242359, AI278938, AA456100, AI831279, AA455603, N51328, 855869, H22614, AA496421, W96552, T16865, 890921, 887952, AI913942, AA284720, AA904546, 855788, 887953, 825653, T16864, H20796, 890911, AI673432, AI954640, 890922, AI631375, AI380914, AA969376, AI123164, AI355743, 827502, AA338810, and AW243972.

HPMBZ21 62 867222 1 - 550 15 - 564 AC005281, X78479, and D26549.

HLHTE91 63 789603 1 - 1196 15 - 1210AI124644, AA256351, AA294967, 871807, AA305696, AW276058, AI631672, AI861834, AI888075, and AB020698.
.

HTEPX32 64 1134915 1 - 1348 15 - 1362AI217947, AW237109, AI918745, AI968403, AA934788, X84693, and AW594564.

HE8AM04 65 871156 1 - 506 15 - 520 AA378845, AA332652, AA331633, AL031774, AL031774, AL031774, AL138825, AL138825, and AL138825.

HIBEF26 66 871533 1 - 492 15 - 506 AA351087, AA339704, T31212, 241917, AW249404, C15783, C 1 S 823, C 15142, C 14979, 299716, AF 111179, AF 111180, AF 104411, AF 111181, 299716, 299716, and 299716.

HAOAE45 67 1114497 1 - 1118 15 - 1132AA481981, AA482086, AA354345, AW440413, AI679439, AA214170, AI868537, AA090435, AW089582, W02284, AA313857, 298048, AF031380, and AF038172.

HSDIT49 68 1169473 1 - 940 15 - 954 AI526055.

HTLHP64 69 1189793 1 - 1383 15 - 1397AI290476, AI811075, AW070435, AA708916, AA877889, AA243884, AI673586, AA535517, AI682428, 855643, AI240304, 855421, H42362, AI446297, AA243877, AI784582, AA514267, W05138, F16063, AA502383, AA502905, AA862373, H96943, and N75418.

HETKT65 70 1110514 1 - 803 15 - 817 AL042941, AW408069, T17359, M78292, 818937, AW246248, and AL117408.

HOHBY04 71 888190 1 - 725 15 - 739 AW237906, H63227, W88522, AL133245, Y17267, AL133245, and AL133245.

HTFNP84 72 909687 1 - 2474 15 - 2488AI916675, AI823992, AW082308, AI816135, AI589007, AI566535, AW272765, AA766315, AW242239, AA279943, AI816094, AI014927, AI038579, AA578848, AI476548, AI354483, AA973322, AA992180, AA172248, AA279942, AI392988, AA327978, AA769228, AA506076, AA301103, AI653752, AI370562, AA343765, N85422, AI540751, AI282882, AA506075, AL137710, and L11316.

HDQGZ78 73 1091628 1 - 1613 15 - 1627AW084116, AI453760, AA412504, AA921849, AW083007, AA412618, W93897, AW419472, AW276980, AW 196340, AA516262, AA952969, AI478774, W93857, AI276233, AA084469, AA084475, and AF038388.

HHEMD52 74 909742 1 - 1605 15 - 1619AW341445, and AA885447.

HODFD73 75 1171995 1 - 684 15 - 698 AL050332, AF048976, ~ ~ ~
AF050183, AF058790, AF058789, and AB016962.

HIBDE74 76 1081188 1 - 1496 15 - 1510AW440521, AF114028, AI475567, AA448233, AW297752, W93994, AW235968, AA297792, AI802944, AA448377, H81801, H81802, AI864036, AA350909, AA837157, AW015303, and AL035106.

HTAIF22 77 910040 1 - 452 15 - 466 Nov 22 2000 3:31:07:
and 450AM.

HUVFZ43 78 910860 1 - 1436 15 - 1450AL121363, AI569727, AL121364, AA296414, ' 217339, and AA345259.

HNTMB90 79 910934 1 - 718 15 - 732 299396, AL038837, AL037051, AL036725, AA631969, AL039074, AW392670, AL036418, AL039085, AL039564, AL036858, AL039156, AL039108, AL038509, AL039109, AL039128, AL036924, AL037094, AL039659, AL038531, AL036196, AL039625, AL039648, AL045337, AL036767, AL119497, AL037082, AL037526, AL036190, AL038447, AL119483, AL037639, AW372827, AL039678, AW363220, AL039629, AW384394, AL119457, AL039423, AL036238, AL039150, AL119319, AL040992, AL119324, AL042909, U46350, AL038520, AL119484, AL119391, AL037077, AL119443, AL119522, U46351, AL119355, AL119363, AL037726, U46341, U46347, U46349, AL134533, AL039410, AL038851, AL119341, AL134531, AL119335, AL 119418, AL 119396, AL039386, AL036998, AL036733, AL119496, AL037615, AL119439, AL036268, AL037085, AL 119401, AL 119444, AL037205, AL037027, AL037178, AL045353, U46346, AL036679, AL042614, AL036765, AL042965, AL042975, AL134528, AL134538, AL042984, AL036191, AL119399, AL134920, AL042544, U46345, AL036719, AL043003, w AL043019, AL042542, AL042551, AL042450, AL043029, AL134542, AL134532, AL037021, AL037054, AL036836, AL036158, AL119464, AL036774, AL036886, AL036999, AL036964, AR066494, ~AR060234, AR023813, AR064707, A81671, AR069079, AB026436, AR054110, and AR064706.

HMKCH92 80 910936 1 - 789 15 - 803 T78768, 813299, 814933, AB003592, D87248, AC018833, AC034192, AC026206, AC026206, AC022381, and AC022381.

HTELV86 81 910946 1 - 1086 15 - 1100AI272244, AA382531, AI809639, U35371, and X99043.

HNTAF23 82 910947 1 - 239 15 - 253 AW392670, AL119355, AW372827, U46341, AL119483, AL119319, U46349, AL119457, AL119324, AW384394, AL119497, AW363220, 299396, AL134920, AL134524, AL119484, AL119363, AL119391, U46350, U46347, U46351, AL119443, AL119444, AI142137, AL119341, AL134538, AL119439, AL119522, AL119396, U46346, AL043029, AL037205, AL134531, ALl 19335, AL042614, AL119399, AI142139, AL119496, AL134533, AL119418, U46345, AL043011, AL042984, AL043019, AL042544, AL042896, AL043033, AL042965, AL042975, AL042450, AL042542, AL043003, AL119464, AL042551, AB026436, A81671, AR060234, AR054110, AR066494, AR069079, and AR043113.

HELHPO1 83 1137839 1 - 1444 15 - 1458AI608791, AA127698, AI161158, AI354544, AI084748, AI858808, AI342497, AA121534, AW167039, AA534215, AW087209, AI688929, AW160657, AW276367, AA187542, AW276379, AW276372, AI208010, AL037531, AI869783, AA864203, AW022809, AW163523, AL042389, N67858, AW014774, AI128491, AW163251, AI142006, AI741015, N71131, W69482, AL039099, AI283271, AI246571, AI580768, AL134219, AA029532, W69483, N70077, AW052086, AI929713, AI354786, AI440409, AI262591, AI479077, AA999933, AI692210, AI591173, AI524321, AI826162, AI815904, AA991277, AW029285, AA315904, AI124609, AI751795, AW135528, AI298570, AW406256, AI950928, AI539728, AA307850, AI338794, AA465027, AI970583, AW156926, AI762457, AA433862, AL041470, AI928845, AA306587, AA180001, AA004466, D51104, AI816418, AW157249, AA610408, AW438710, AW 167329, AA082096, AI279257, AW242362, AW 162260, AA088541, AI401664, AW157417, AW163512, H22174, AA194754, W46515, AA304425, AW439662, AI003392, w AW247199, H22138, AI804527, AW405514, H63206, 846286, H67969, AW439422, AA907456, T26421, AA778397, AI687072, AI815396, AA325006, AI680477, AL042390, AW411448, AA324732, AW 104826, AW157458, AA187260, AA083982, AI141702, AI680118, AW 162409, AI816045, AW303785, AA312844, AA730294, AW406619, AL041471, AI372525, H80185, T19319, AW 162596, M62208, AA009448, H30869, AL121246, H80342, H71158, W01561, AI697194, AW 168145, AW 162660, AW409733, H63120, AW088214, AA325602, M77906, T19333, AW080823, 886041, W22965, AA808433, 851405, AI560028, AAl 13043, AW 162591, AI538243, AI970740, AW246768, AW022184, AA180847, AA599787, AA434162, H09396, AW161782, AA373486, AW003626, AI672191, AA148746, AW248562, AW090042, U47634, X60786, AL050056, AF035316, X79535, X00734, M15052, J00913, V00389, M11443, M11442, AF184595, AF102890, X07011, U08342, X03369, AF184596, X60784, AF120325, M28730, X04663, AL030996, S57698, X02344, L08013, AB011679, X60785, AF147880, J00316, L06232, J00315, M28732, M28739, AF074422, and A74700.

HTLGH72 84 1199896 1 - 900 15 - 914 AA316295, AI018335, AI453623, AI123197, AA947467, AA401192, AI436596, AA749110, F06683, AA442605, AA095581, AI972354, H08256, 855838, AI133156, .

AI812015, AI334445, AI499621, AI284131, AI537677, AI913452, AI926367, AI174394, AI523806, AI445165, AW 149227, AW301409, AI354998, AL119791, AI824576, AW004886, AW161156, AI934035, AI352497, AL135025, AL041150, AI648684, AI312428, AL119863, AL036980, AI699865, AI343059, AI224027, AL040241, AW161579, AW151136, AI133489, AL041772, AI349933, AW163834, AW071417, AI632408, AW 148320, AI345608, AI499986, AI280732, AI349967, AI636445, AI499285, AI537244, AI801325, AI281782, AI500061, AI345471, AI873644, AW 168485, AI648509, F27788, AI567582, AI432040, AI445990, AI571909, AA640779, AW163823, AI624548, AW235745, AI476109, AI680498, AI478123, AI690751, AW051088, AI620089, AI886753, AI362637, AI500523, AI340603, AI698401, AA225339, AI862144, AW198144, AI433384, AI446373, AI890833, AW102761, AI284517, AI923989, AI521594, AI950892, AW 198075, AW168031, AI783504, AI620284, AI863321, AW051258, AW080402, AI628217, AW088903, AW117746, AI637748, AI921248, AI611738, AI275640, AI619502, AI677796, AI680162, AI306613, AW268302, AI802542, AL037030, AI922901, AI282326, AI866770, AA449768, AI250293, AI288305, AA572758, AW118518, AI570807, AI933589, AI635067, AW026882, AI923370, AI627988, AI249962, AL079963, AL038605, AI859880, AI445992, AL134999, AI874166, AW 151714, AI569309, AW 129230, AI670009, AI433157, AI696626, AI702073, AW087938, AI866573, AW071349, AI684234, AL121286, AI251221, AI539771, AL037454, N33175, AW238730, AI623941, AL037043, AL036274, AI797908, AI500662, 832821, AI888621, AI539028, AI273142, AI633125, AI698391, AI915291, AI678357, AW268251, AI582932, AL036673, AI521476, AI679506, AW079572, AI308032, AI432969, AI521560, AI889189, AI308035, AI284509, AI868204, AL042745, AA493923, AI345253, AW088134, AI783792, AI269862, AI802826, AL048323, AI250369, AI310575, w AI344785, AI345677, AI888661, AA494167, AL048340, AW193911, AW268768, AI498579, AI963216, AI340533, AI919107, AI800433, AI537515, AI569583, AI888944, AI886123, W74529, AI524671, AI570966, H89138, AL039086, AI475151, AI358701, AL120853, AL036736, AL121365, AA427700, AI249877, AI251205, AI886181, AI439717, AI538342, AI497733, AI814087, AI251830, AI288285, AW072719, AI869377, AI344935, AW068845, AI687065, AW 130930, AI270205, AL036396, AW302965, AI439762, AI955866, AI933785, AI520809, N80094, AW074869, AI554245, AI633419, AW151785, AJ242973, U37150, I48978, AL122098, I89947, I48979, AF113013, AF125948, A08916, A07647, A08913, A03736, A08910, AL110221, AL137459, AF087943, I89931, A08909, AL117585, A74814, AL137294, I49625, AF113019, AL133075, AJ012755, AF104032, AF026816, AL080159, I33392, Y14314, AF146568, AL122093, AL133113, AL122110, AL049430, X98834, AL137271, X84990, AL137463, AL137480, AL122121, A58524, A58523, E03348, AF017437, AF067728, Y11587, AF111849, AF113676, AF090896, AL050393, U42766, AF111112, AR059958, AL117460, E07108, AL133565, 561953, AF097996, ALl 10196, AL122050, AJ242859, AF090900, AL133016, AF057300, AF057299, AL080060, Y11254, AL050149, AF177401, U35846, AB019565, AL049283, AL133557, AL050277, I00734, AF090901, A77033, A77035, AF079763, AL137538, A93350, AL117457, A45787, AL096744, E00617, E00717, E00778, AF185576, AL133560, A08912, AJ006417, I26207, X72889, AF113689, U67958, AF113699, AL133640, I42402, AF183393, AF113691, AF090903, 568736, U80742, AL117394, AL050138, AL080124, AL133606, AF106862, AL110280, AF113694, A93016, AR038854, AF118064, I09360, A65341, AR000496, U39656, AF210052, AL133568, A12297, AL117435, X93495, AL110222, AL137476, AL137557, AL049382, E02349, AL080137, AF119337, AL137556, 282022, E08631, AF158248, X63574, AR013797, AL133067, AF118094, AF090943, AL049938, AL137550, AL117583, 578214, AF026124, AF162270, AL050116, AF061943, U72620, AF091084, X82434, AL050024, AL137478, AF132676, AF061836, AL137648, AF017152, 237987, AL050146, AL117440, AL110225, AL122118, U00763, E02221, X96540, AL122123, AR011880, AL049466, AL122049, I03321, AL137526, AL133093, AF118070, X70685, E15569, AL080127, AL133077, AL133014, AL137527, AF078844, AL133080, AL133081, AJ238278, AF125949, AF113690, Y16645, AL049300, AL049452, AJ000937, AL049314, AF111851, AF153205, U96683, I09499, AL050108, X65873, AF079765, AF003737, AF090934, AF113677, AL049464, AR038969, X87582, E04233, AL137560, L30117, AL133072, AL137521, AF061573, AL137292, AL133104, L19437, AL050172, U58996, AL133098, X92070, L31396, L31397, E08263, E08264, E07361, E05822, Y09972, U78525, U91329, AL133665, AL080074, AL137533, AF067790, AF028823, X62580, 272491, A90832, M30514, AL023657, E12747, AF081197, U68387, Y07905, AL117432, AF008439, AR020905, AF106827, 579832, E06743, AL122111, I41145, AF022363, AL137523, and AL110197.

HMTAY52 86 1137641 1 - 2174 15 - 2188 AI700520, AW149641, AA861402, AW438617, w AW 136764, AA846335, AI884663, AI076276, H93328, AA813373, AI093740, H02724, AI191231, AA725037, W02044, 896371, AA317716, AW 188393, AI422301, AW193480, AA341954, AI863986, AA341953, AA628360, H93832, 896413, AA322251, H62043, AA596074, H90193, 879366, AA128507, 879365, and U61836.

HUCPS03 87 1158484 1 - 1366 15 - 1380 AA350185, AI635570, 245871, AA424391, 848915, AA165465, T77152, T84026, AA299342, T81218, AW303853, AC005585, and AC004997.

HNHNP81 88 928378 1 - 604 15 - 618 D51060, C14014, D58283, AA305409, D80253, D80024, D80166, D59619, D80210, D80240, D80366, AA514186, C14389, D80043, D81030, D80133, D80247, D59859, D80212, D51799, D80164, D80219, D51423, D80022, D80391, D59787, D80195, D80188, D80248, C14331, D59502, D59467, D57483, D59275, D59610, D80227, D81026, D50995, D80196, D80439, D80251, D80269, D59889, D51022, D50979, D80268, D80522, C 15076, D59927, AA305578, D80038, D80193, D80045, D80241, AA514188, AW360811, D80378, AW 177440, D80302, C05695, C14429, AW178893, AW377671, AW375405, D80157, T03269, C75259, AW 178906, AW 179328, AW366296, AW360844, w AW360817, D59373, AW375406, D51103, AW378534, AW 179332, AW377672, AW 179023, AW178905, D51759, AW360841, AW378532, D58253, AW177731, AW177501, AW177511, D80132, D80134, AW352171, AW377676, AW352170, AW 178907, AW378528, AW178762, AW 179019, AW 179024, D51250, AW 176467, AW 178983, AW 177505, D81111, D59653, AW 179020, AW 178775, AW367967, AW369651, AW 178909, T48593, AW 177456, AW 179329, AW178980, AW178914, AW 177733, AW 178908, AW 178754, AW 179018, C06015, AW352158, AW352117, D80949, AW 178774, D59695, D52291, D45260, AW352120, D59627, D51079, AW 179004, AW179012, AW378525, AW352163, F13647, AW360834, T11417, D80064, 221582, D80168, C14298, AW378543, AW352174, D80258, AW 177728, H67854, C 14227, AW 179009, AI525923, AW367950, AW 178911, AW 177722, D59503, AI910186, AW378540, C03092, H67866, AA809122, D51221, AW178781, D58101, AI905856, D58246, AW 177508, C 14407, D80228, AI525917, C14077, AW 178986, AW 177497, T03116, AI535686, AI535850, D59317, D51213, w D80014, D59474, AW177734, AI525920, D45273, AW 177723, ' C 14973, C 14344, AW378533, AA514184, D59551, C14957, AI525215, D60010, AI525235, D60214, AI525227, C 14046, AI557774, AI557751, AI525912, T03048, AI525925, D51097, AI525242, AA285331, AW378542, AI525222, AW378539, 230160, C16955, C05763, 233452, T02974, D51053, AW360855, H67858, AI525237, C04682, D50981, T02868, C13958, AI525928, D80314, AI525238, A62298, AB028859, AR018138, AJ132110, A62300, AR008278, A84916, AF058696, A82595, AR060385, AB002449, D89785, X67155, Y17188, A94995, D26022, Y12724, A25909, A67220, A78862, D34614, AR008443, I50126, I50132, I50128, I50133, D88547, AR066488, AR016514, AR060138, A45456, A26615, AR052274, X82626, Y09669, A43192, A43190, AR038669, AR066487, A30438, I14842, AR025207, AR054175, D50010, Y17187, AR066490, AR008277, AR008281, A63261, I18367, AR008408, AR062872, A70867, ARO 16691, ARO 16690, U46128, D13509, A64136, A68321, AR060133, AB012117, I7951 l, X68127, U79457, AF123263, AR032065, 282022, A63887, and AR008382.

HFIDL68 89 928475 1 - 516 15 - 530 AI375172.

HTLAB16 90 1144562 1 - 1215 15 - 1229AI743990, AI589677, AW 117688, AA418209, AA293017, AA393552, AI671530, AA969969, H05646, AA868456, AA836313, 834733, AW263156, AW206863, 872891, H06920, AI638884, .

238689, AA280165, H05647, AI424304, AI399693, AI685889, 242496, 849606, AA552211, AW237268, AA400796, AA621751, AI468780, AA566051, D60125, AW237328, AA651719, AA280537, AA628052, AI621125, AI365113, AI590631, 873367, and AW370133.

HOEEU57 91 1158765 1 - 467 15 - 481 AI831578, AA862453, AI276148, AI925229, AI344497, AI343937, AI923983, AI299183, AI086925, AW387023, AW387014, AW386986, AA333257, AI991662, AW374923, AI093616, W02289, AA528079, AA455633, 858057, AA767913, 821305, and 818269.

HHSDL85 93 942246 1 - 760 15 - 774 812427.

HWADD57 94 943039 1 - 996 15 - 1010AA320236, AC011492, and AC011492.

HBGMZ39 96 947112 1 - 588 15 - 602 AI820661, AI791493, AA989356, AI791282, AI732537, AI792053, AW207804, 822360, 872427, AA505927, 822019, 872474, AC008537, AC008537, AC008537, AC019337, AC019337, and AC019337.

HTTCB17 97 1180942 1 - 215815 - 2172 AW070938, AA984061, AL041636, AL043672, AI499419, AA533251, AI820049, AA236580, AA234444, T64870, AA761405, AA688276, H58691, AL042008, AA421748, 858865, AL042032, AA157675, T40471, AA521150, H23351, AF012373, N53133, T67438, AA284019, AL043673, AA224471, T39198, AA829259, T99670, H23240, AA215781, AA285153, AI039274, AA056347, AI025833, AI698363, T99070, AL046440, AL046465, T69471, AA652360, AI090248, AW090185, AW265609, AI220192, AA626470, AA428563, X84692, AC007172, and U07155.

HEQAP17 98 949358 1 - 807 15 - 821 AI131555, AI769466, AA215577, AW190975, AA258335, AA258499, AL044652, 563848, Y17793, and A49045.

H2LAD53 99 952181 1 - 348 15 - 362 AA313893, AA332909, 832396, and N57638.

HAMFD12 100 1149676 1 - 320615 - 3220 AI869315, AI795815, AA147088, AI421559, AW131473, AA307132, AI860630, AI859194, AA554706, AA779596, AI817963, AW 131732, AI131006, AI131235, AI298506, AI903044, AW360926, AA132115, M79142, AW085550, 832144, AA996236, AA827499, AA325898, AI864171, AI810869, H19200, AW083177, AI279054, AI683076, 849059, 832143, AI682910, N48917, AA322186, W07596, T32822, AI951120, AA902240, AI909782, AI302680, H03637, AA310842, AA031941, F06992, AA555053, AI909807, AA557656, AI874400, AA319725, AA147145, AW020184, AA318860, AA327450, AI935791, AI702044, AI913289, AA324945, 849185, AA132349, AI948650, 833114, F03268, AI419183, N46415, T29712, AI940337, N20886, H19201, AI539258, AA904255, D58578, AI356503, AA322799, AA348452, AA348337, M86105, 862224, AI636387, AW166586, 833262, 834655, AA375538, 864601, AW016275, AA581451, AA357950, N78707, AI915762, AI540261, T12586, AA985516, AW169409, AL118620, H03636, 821586, AA319821, AI962093, T12578, L07924, L07925, U14417, AC000395, and AW515881.

HE2SY09 101 1186416 1 - 765 15 - 779 AW249044, AI929457, AL042867, X14971, AB020706, and AC006942.

HWLLB11 102 954849 1 - 731 15 - 745 AI745636, and AA102414.

HNTEF53 103 954852 1 - 2342 15 - 2356AA557324, AI655577, AI696732, AI923200, AA863360, AW262723, AI697332, AW275990, AI436648, AW276183, 856515, AI362521, 853456, 853457, D62878, AA337301, AA652746, AW264444, 856123, AA319338, D79346, D79250, N56346, AA886832, and AL138223.

HNTND64 104 954871 1 - 392 15 - 406 AC025090, and AC025090.

HFPFA83 105 955614 1 - 723 15 - 737 C14389, C15076, D59467, D58283, D50979, D80522, D80164, D80166, D80195, D80043, D80227, D81030, D59275, D59502, D80188, D59859, D80022, C14331, D51423, D59619, D80210, D51799, D80391, D80240, D80253, D80038, D80269, D59787, D80193, D59610, D80212, D80196, D80219, D81026, D59927, D57483, D80378, AW177440, D80366, D80251, AA305409, AA305578, D59889, D50995, D80024, D80241, D51022, D80045, C14429, D51060, C75259, T03269, AW 178893, AW 179328, AA514188, AW378532, D80248, C14014, AW377671, D51250, AW369651, AW 178762, AW 178775, AW177501, D80134, AW177511, AA514186, D80133, AW176467, D58253, AW360811, AW352117, C05695, AW375405, AW352158, D80268, AI910186, D80132, AW366296, AW 178906, AW360844, AW360817, AW375406, AW378534, AW179332, AW377672, AW 179023, AW 178905, D80302, D59627, AI905856, r AW378540, AW352171, D80258, D80439, AW377676, AW352170, AW 177731, AW 178907, AW 179019, AW 179024, D59373, D80247, AW 177505, AW 179020, AW360841, AW178909, AW 177456, AW 179329, AW 178980, AW 177733, AW378528, AW178908, AW 178754, AW 179018, AW352174, 221582, AW360834, D51103, AW 179004, AW 179012, C06015, AW 178914, AW378525, AW367967, D80157, AW177722, D51759, AW177728, AW179009, AA285331, AW178774, AW178911, D51097, AW378543, AW352163, D58101, D80064, D58246, D80014, D59503, AW178983, AW352120, AW178781, T48593, AI535850, AW177723, T11417, D59653, AA809122, AW 177508, D45260, D59317, C 14975, AW378533, AW367950, F13647, D81111, H67854, C03092, C14227, H67866, AI557774, AI525923, AW 177497, T02974, AI557751, AW178986, T03116, C 14298, D45273, D52291, AW177734, D59474, AI525917, AI525227, D59695, D60010, C14973, AI535961, C14344, C14407, AI535686, C14957, D51221, D59551, AI525920, AA514184, AI525242, D60214, T03048, C14046, AI525912, AI525235, C16955, AI525925, AI525222, D80168, AW378542, AW378539, AI525215, AI525237, C05763, 233452, AI525928, AW360855, T02868, D51213, D31458, H67858, ARO 1813 8, AJ 132110, A84916, A62300, A62298, AR008278, AF058696, AB028859, X67155, Y17188, D26022, A25909, A67220, D89785, A78862, D34614, D88547, I82448, Y 12724, X82626, AR025207, AR016808, A82595, AR060385, A94995, AB002449, AR008443, AB012117, I50126, I50132, I50128, I50133, AR066488, AR016514, AR060138, A45456, A26615, AR052274, A85396, AR066482, A44171, A85477, I19525, A86792, Y09669, A43192, A43190, AR038669, AR066490, U87250, AR066487, X93549, I14842, A30438, I18367, D88507, AR054175, D50010, Y17187, A63261, AR008277, AR008281, AR008408, AR062872, A70867, AR016691, AR016690, U46128, D13509, I79511, A64136, A68321, AR060133, X68127, AF135125, U79457, AF123263, AB023656, AR032065, AB033111, X93535, and AR0083 82.

HHAWC08 106 957942 1 - 1870 15 - 1884AI860000, AI984180, AI052115, AW027098, AA507892, AI269682, AI860186, AA910656, AA911665, AI122607, AI982553, AI492064, AI148135, W56156, W60937, AA974459, AI419847, AA009421, N28887, AI673827, AI277360, AA740276, AA778158, AW250214, AA456771, AI034295, N35234, AW 170157, N30305, AW247011, AW026104, H99254, AA654123, AA830800, AI141374, AI074187, W31386, AA524317, AI261816, AW403968, AA846516, N39743, AA480954, AI280981, W60872, AW073283, AA761349, AA683175, AI207047, AW236672, AW389139, AA009725, AW058117, AI073671, AI092406, AI085232, AI188288, AA113312, W15516, AA653970, AW352169, N95282, AA551600, W86394, AI084709, N78792, AI475205, N42029, N55379, AW001694, AI355933, AA 181712, AA004431, N44897, H94052, AA699746, T48085, AA730615, AA112533, AA306422, AA342623, 838707, H80310, W38668, H06714, T51462, AW375770, H06763, AA302273, F13201, AA033586, H81887, W86393, AA687134, AI269924, AI933743, 889868, AA033585, AI863793, AA315202, 830828, AA772763, AA678198, AW375790, F10804, AW078473, N26380, H80311, AI159939, AI383032, AI300606, AI027171, AA310599, AA887439, AW403264, T75396, AA091936, 889830, N41533, AA810312, N77721, N58353, AI768718, 806623, W37176, H94132, 806681, AW449471, AA026195, AA026267, W24414, AA936706, AI033915, H81888, W07220, AA854111, AA826955, 879020, N43834, AW388723, N77385, N25010, AA879094, AA322203, AR009648, AL096870, AL096870, and AL096870.

HBWBF71 107 1189778 1 - 582 15 - 596 AA954402, AA095359, N88601, AA247964, N84855, N83168, AA096046, H58760, N83991, N88782, N89520, N83993, AA247827, N83992, N84048, N84718, AA095641, AA096066, N86694, N84830, N55698, AA471338, N84712, N88518, N84829, N87989, N87898, 578798, AF103726, AF039698, AF102850, U48696, AR066487, AF045432, AF032922, U39066, and AJ243486.

HTLIT03 108 1152266 1 - 125415 - 1268 AA886893, AA862723, AA470745, AA992987, AA928557, AI913313, AI073998, T81075, AI277238, T86154, AI821002, AI821291, T47170, C00316, and AC004531.

HE8IVI24 110 971296 1 - 737 15 - 751 AA883367, AA332611, AA732890, AI283442, AI673342, AI631153, AI200800, AI910962, T11417, D80258, D59503, D80014, D81111, C14227, D80064, AI557751, D58246, C06015, AA514184, AI535959, AW178893, AW 178907, AW375405, AW 177440, AI535686, AW360834, AW178908, AW360811, D80314, AA809122, D80251, D80253, C03092, D80247, D80043, AA285331, AW 176467, C 143 89, AW179328, T48593, AW375406, D80439, AW378534, AW179332, D58283, AW377672, AW 179023, AW 178905, D59859, D80022, C14331, D80166, AW177731, D80195, AA305578, D80193, D59927, T03269, D59467, D51423, D59619, AW378528, D80210, AW 178906, D51799, D80391, D80164, D59275, AW 178762, D80240, D80038, AW179019, D59787, D80227, AW378533, D59502, AA305409, AW378532, F13647, D45260, AW178914, AW378542, AW360855, AW377676, I50126, I50132, I50128, I50133, AF123263, A70867, D88547, AR062872, AR066488, AR016514, A62300, D50010, X82626, AR066487, Y17187, AR060138, A84916, A45456, A67220, D89785, A62298, Y09669, Y17188, AB028859, A82595, A78862, D34614, A94995, D26022, AR060385, A30438, AJ132110, AR018138, A26615, AR052274, A43192, AR008278, X67155, Y12724, A63261, A43190, AR038669, AF058696, A25909, X68127, AR008443, AB002449, AR025207, AR016691, AR016690, and U46128.

HMTAX31 111 1154339 1 - 896 15 - 910 AA410486, AA374753, AA411633, AW385663, AA625487, AA256096, AA411671, N36626, AW188661, AA406582, AA847680, N25994, AW 167272, AW 151243, AA621715, AA345748, AA827049, AA284022, AA815315, AI829183, AI290229, 870442, AI040507, H42445, AI818989, AI040765, AA812382, AI636434, AI015551, AW167634, AI085194, AA983613, AA406387, AA484968, AI278749, H82446, AI342313, AA769207, AI283824, AA911296, 860575, T53444, AA463739, AI128463, AI126964, AI655254, AA872115, AA410304, T30540, AA528102, AA985260, and H42417.

HE8UY87 112 1171975 1 - 1017 15 - 1031AA488339, AA332909, 884768, AA015949, AA313893, 832396, 832397, and N57638.

HTPDV62 113 1138729 1 - 902 15 - 916 AI183902, AA683089, AA617873, AA428773, AA371747, AA302461, AA490902, AA769215, AW001581, AI371135, AA541648, AI369827, AI190177, AI141079, AI245438, AI095638, AW007486, AA888067, AA534074, AI798016, AA632013, AI554292, AI422715, AW170631, AI003005, AI818273, AA299236, AI356047, AI215137, AA126607, W58692, AW182892, AW006997, 854752, AI971642, AA652728, AA700953, AA594060, AI332799, AI991239, AA464316, AA643082, AA287161, AI690764, AI184848, AA534625, AA482551, AW275871, W73756, AA482406, AI312662, AW083880, AA767390, AI091265, AA128033, AI499037, AA029784, AA737008, AI291962, AA524858, AA069805, AA305086, AW173571, AI590872, AI291963, AW269677, AW296379, AI497938, AI092881, AA102025, AA642110, AA765044, H56621, AI671631, AI200177, AI348340, AA887225, AI573191, AA470747, AA491087, AI038522, AA609354, AA485738, AA284500, AI302373, AA806051, AI358650, H19929, AA829537, AA286924, AA937034, C00792, AA723098, AA594909, AI141128, N66142, AI833016, AW328470, AA128009, AA523296, AA808375, AI199216, AA761304, AA953934, AA425912, AI028399, AI568372, AI202858, W61335, AA641528, AI863193, AI347365, AW170380, AA974521, N31038, AA706349, W58693, W76033, AA306100, AA838347, AI750639, N20116, T08092, AI750622, AA151694, T52641, AI272226, AA746219, AI199802, AA399424, AA369769, U66895, L76200, and Al 1042.

HMUBV12 114 1227616 1 - 1816 15 - 1830 AI377407, AI591053, AI140794, AA085250, AA085176, AA568840, AW059669, AF036035, AF040710, U90094, and U73167.

HMIAH32 115 1171989 1 - 701 15 - 715 AA890211, AA236800, AI018543, W15550, AA815190, AI263837, AI250936, AA709401, w AA236846, AI383379, AA689421, and D87467.

HSIDX67 116 1228968 1 - 1393 15 - 1407 AI634902, AI632135, AI990924, AA242743, AW 169040, AA242764, AW138927, AI184821, AI200421, AI202175, AW196380, AA828925, AW 183069, AI086348, AA778034, AA580419, AI350207, AI949886, AW27511~2, AI871551, AA927997, AI381743, AI961077, AA778076, AA453300, AA453544, AA167098, AL046926, AA775150, N99406, AA452417, AI890702, AA166911, D14533, U10347, X74351, S74024, U16815, U10345, U10346, U10343, U10344, X74349, X74345, and 264286.

HMTAV95 117 614936 1 - 395 15 - 409 AB023187, AL137000, AL137000, and AL137000.

HCE3W04 118 1206659 1 - 2100 15 - 2114 AI677902, AI338780, AI684570, AI928887, AW 136644, AW264299, AI652923, AI089627, AI298483, AI372875, AA463846, AI141311, AW204313, AW 129570, AI374899, AW 134722, AW305132, AI366527, AA463333, U47343, AA031465, AI654427, AW205086, W26816, AI217285, D81166, AA906309, AI382756, AA031486, D80712, AA054522, AA325176, AA884159, AA323357, and AA247154.

HMVAC92 119 731732 1 - 454 15 - 468 C18294, AAl 15838, W76458, T32095, T30710, AA378552, AW360837, 808104, W23225, T35980, N45490, AI554624, T35790, AI313133, T84898, AW391980, 220579, AA357067, T35190, AA310762, AA328222, 815571, AI205283, AA035103, AA448769, AA214347, W38702, N56257, AA116099, AW401574, AW411042, AA371686, AA452303, AI570120, AA613412, W61124, AA093588, T63232, AW368742, AA868496, AW338692, AW 167217, AI954547, AI955639, AA079294, AA478499, W24470, 870678, AA657656, AA166897, AA453225, AA341741, AI697147, T 16000, AI921707, AA894909, AA551115, AF128527, AF126181, AF128528, U92544, 298046, AB029037, and A75460.

HE80U68 120 1086802 1 - 657 1 S - 671 AA446069, AA429913, AA121710, AW104301, F07861, and AB002349.

HMUBI80 121 1206766 1 - 2142 15 - 2156 AW299947, AI627241, AI693196, AI693651, AI912660, AW 193683, AI700973, N39338, AA725613, AI129975, AI420001, N39022, AA446088, AA156932, AI200504, AA156939, W72621, AA608671, W84482, AW071002, AA429734, AA827783, AI609691, AA789083, AI096521, AI807324, AI741384, AA135719, AA682230, AI219693, AI128552, AI457931, AI183320, AW073830, AA767680, W67456, AI146559, AA406621, AI191714, AA037151, AA975460, AW236574, N58764, AI282129, AI220018, AI040340, AI765710, N90492, AA612607, AA877635, AI422402, AA502264, AA135877, AA150224, AA148768, AW195886, W03532, H98048, AA722904, AA278951, AA903213, 878489, W 19223, AA768151, AA655014, AI418277, 866829, AI380027, N67714, T84077, AA973687, AA569504, 874090, AA742936, AI242123, AA027856, H77471, H97347, H02008, 867927, AW207778, AA654277, AA135876, AA688191, 824196, H02106, H77472, AA216739, AI916580, 866743, N77448, T56468, H88133, N39327, AA150679, N45175, AI652805, AA644283, AI263823, 831686, W84328, AI458900, H88134, N69228, H00833, 874089, AA150756, H01217, AA906258, AA569516, 824195, 878529, AA479390, N45185, AA907738, T56521, AA903324, AW371074, AA353909, T97790, AA579836, AA879472, H12526, AA927935, AA216519, AA975448, H12473, 827236, T83430, AA411693, 861052, 827440, AI698993, 869359, 869360, W25349, T97690, N30828, AA027912, AI269274, W67457, 831728, AA283743, AA927936, AI192400, AL049940, AF179286, w AB029551, AF101779, and AF085840.

HE9RA75 122 766779 1 - 651 15 - 665 AC009648, AC009648, AP002502, AP002502, AP000907, AP000907, AP000788, and AP000788.

HOLTH089 123 1085594 1 - 750 15 - 764 H43782, and AB002378.

HFITE38 124 1063475 1 - 604 15 - 618 AI554624, AI313133, AW391980, W76458, AW401574, AW411042, AA357067, W61124, AW360837, C18294, AA852415, T35790, AL138163, T35190, T35980, AA331917, AA115838, T30710, AA894909, T32095, AW088409, AI951963, AI909669, D55453, AW361222, AI983723, AI921707, AI205283,.

AA868496, 220579, AA551115, AI811575, T08329, AI570120, AI963063, AI697147, AA378552, N56257, AW073182, AA613956, AA971201, H18459, AA116100, AA507600, AI269028, AW338692, AA736816, AI077651, AI377484, AA703778, AI535813, N47602, AA424243, AW 148920, W63686, AA765057, AW166594, AI203352, AA035103, AI354635, AA749002, AI302562, r AA535981, AA451680, AW163074, AA035501, AA723482, AA535894, AI955639, AA909787, AI092656, AA706448, AA172257, AA665951, AI333516, AA478500, AA371686, AA923643, 238401, T32094, AA116099, AI204027, AI890693, N45490, AA452876, AA452303, AI928430, N55103, AI824568, 860321, AI362729, AA703829, AA908497, AI207027, . AA935306, N92292, AW182581, 815571, AA719390, AA346276, AI139827, AI091673, AA723475, AI040346, AW050447, AA310762, AA729774, AI216208, AI538886, AA853070, AW078554, AI684984, AI096337, AI690416, AA437256, AA916279, AI745105, AI222527, AA866024, AI199134, AI271816, AW 189656, AI129909, T 16000, AW072608, AI669857, AI095643, AI144522, AI598169, T15580, AI612922, AI564907, AA176356, AI263062, AA016219, AA613497, AI565670, AI306585, AI934895, AI337663, AW001407, AA931614, AA732764, AA722353, AA703701, T33343, AA587632, T31391, AA643880, T63580, AA643888, AI917557, T32270, 822550, 880887, AA284974, AA478139, AI742813, H13755, 823603, AA079293, AI675597, AA662312, AW 167217, AA613412, AA604206, 808104, AA877259, AA470818, AA532869, AA483863, 822551, AI301879, AA478499, AA854235, AI354236, W73618, AW005176, AA081759, T84898, AA745131, AA552419, AI369794, T15699, AA573836, AA706559, AI924630, AI688807, H62299, 895675, AI857403, T62981, AI954547, AA400971, 870679, W23225, AI061326, AI318066, AA039316, AW068748, 826158, AA868790, 842434, AA706564, AA991528, AI269944, W72172, AA654947, AA328222, T51637, AI933327, AA401010, T03649, AA657656, AA781871, AA113973, H13703, W68563, AA478138, AI972887, T91316, U92544, AF128527, AF128528, 298046, AF126181, and A75460.

HHFGP83 126 828162 1 - 325 15 - 339 AC026329, and AC026348.

HPLBP54 127 1212679 1 - 1901 15 - 1915C16805, C17480, D58975, C 18261, C 16945, C
18700, C 18638, C 18027, C
16784, C 18260, C 18222, C
17488, D58770, C16946, C18483, C17653, C17965, D58978, C 17490, C 18701, C
17740, C 18747, C 18449, C
17748, D58838, C18252, C17885, C18988, D58702, C18964, C19012, D58739, C18542, D58759, C16754, C17095, C 17755, C 17886, C
16794, C18933, D58837, D59219, C 17939, C 17663, C 17522, C 17714, C 17766, D58840, D58983, D59184, C16856, C18711, C17278, C17232, C17696, C17749, D58550, C 18624, C 18255, C 17586, D58903, D58947, C17836, C18888, D58967, C18824, D58566, C17667, D58713, C 17572, C 18607, C 18466, D58779, C 18475, C
17669, C18611, C18500, D58543, C17876, D58655, AA340250, C 16767, C 18442, C 17741, C 17818, C 16785, D58942, C
17390, C17721, C18910, C18749, C17700, D58915, D59228, C 18013, C 17068, C 17334, C17982, C17833, C18143, C18917, D58491, C18541, C 18469, D58612, C
18074, C 18717, C 17992, C 18349, C16802, D58800, C18889, D58758, D58968, C17371, D59152, C17427, C18066, C 18166, C 17240, C 17932, C16816, C17415, C18551, C 17817, C 18038, C 17802, C 17792, C 16893, C 17705, C17089, D58946, C18750, C18287, D59119, D58496, D58742, D58823, C18292, C 18347, N71116, C
18696, C 17432, C 18423, C 17348, AA368116, C 17053, C19078, D58955, D58925, C 17670, C 18714, C 18180, C 17421, C 17769, C 17767, C 17239, C 18621, C 16824, C 17125, C 18058, C 18625, C 16806, C 17265, C 18663, C16764, D59000, D58786, C17950, D58552, C18649, C 17981, C 19088, C 17417, D58653, D59059, D58600, C 17666, C 18956, D59075, C17498, C18610, D58984, C18958, C18534, AA367984, C18674, C 16864, C 18758, C
17943, C 18365, C 17999, C
17910, C17601, C17772, D59187, C18603, C18568, C17662, C 17925, C 18425, C
17302, C18966, C17575, D58593, C 18090, C 17283, C
16817, C17790, C18367, D58445, C 18196, C 18508, C
18676, D58572, C18643, C18806, C17158, C16957, C18709, D58995, D58993, C18380, C 18477, AI261401, C 17822, D58834, C19051, AA367416, C17873, C18384, D58907, C17543, C18463, C17033, D58648, C18078, C18761, C18506, C17128, D58682, D59081, D58675, C19014, D58540, C17723, C18313, C16871, C 17516, C 18413, J00118, V00573, K02401, J00289, J03071, AF065215, AF065216, A00469, V00519, AF121908, E00009, M15894, L16556, E00952, A12770, A15072, A15074, A03992, A03994, M15895, M38451, L16552, L16554, E00141, J03756, I34298, AF006061, L16555, L16553, M13438, E00974, V00520, AF006060, I41411, I02851, V00593, I03501, E01123, I02448, I13723, I01079, I03165, A63631, E15607, E01250, E15608, E15609, E01249, E00140, K00470, I02856, E00814, E00813, E00812, I07973, I17475, I34299, I03481, U02293, AF110644, I03167, I03503, E00002, A00501, I02588, E01441, A18985, I34300, I18458, E08200, E05299, I02855, A10352, I21239, A04711, A04745, A04746, A04712, A17655, I02858, AF023477, I02857, M25118, A17660, A17661, I63120, and AB019574.

HCE4R40 128 858456 1 - 401 15 - 415 AW161406, 890781, D86957, A87006, AC004775, and AC005742.

HRABU93 129 1206777 1 - 2267 15 - 2281AW161406, W22101, AW163611, AW140025, AA326433, 890781, 853169, AA446363, U83543, AI380305, H19578, H23911, H51386, H19075, H46576, AI609704, D86957, A87006, AC004775, and AC005742.

HWLQH41 130 1176226 1 - 1249 15 - 1263AI417842, AI127930, AI202751, AW237652, AW241522, AI633241, AA828649, AI056043, AI097032, AA595596, AI332697, AW009101, AI391721, AI288942, AI742779, AI741429, AW338282, AI633779, AI218345, AI971047, AI290280, AI754557, AA812206, AA586780, AW 117606, AI924489, AI284061, AI689103, AW207270, AW294513, AA568817, AI478517, AI657130, AI074577, AI990149, AA806346, N51855, AI149292, D61975, AI033281, AA384212, AI917469, N53363, N73526, H23985, 828358, AA677342, AA776965, AA878338, H91288, AA748783, H90379, 828562, AA328303, H22705, AI719957, N54120, N46676, AA354773, AI001793, AI553758, N39234, AF085734, AJ236876, AJ236912, AF072521, and AJ007780.

HMJAH61 131 1176228 1 - 655 15 - 669 AI417842, AI127930, AI202751, AW237652, AW241522, AI633241, AA384212, AI742779, AI056043, AA828649, AI290280, AW009101, AA595596, AI097032, AI332697, AI391721, AI288942, AI741429, AW338282, AI633779, AI971047, AI218345, H22705, D61975, H90379, AI924489, AW 117606, AI754557, AI284061, AA812206, N54120, AI689103, AA878338, AW207270, AW294513, AI478517, AA776965, AI074577, AI657130, AI990149, N46676, AA568817, AA354773, 828562, ~N51855, AI149292, .

AI001793, AA806346, AI553758, AJ236912, AJ236876, AF085734, AJ007780, and AF072521.

HBMXU88 132 1228331 1 - 3849 15 - 3863AW069306, AI743175, AI803970, AI811472, AI027704, AA099277, AI168623, AI276150, AI824726, AA213703, AW243339, AA287703, AA483707, AA287702, AA213668, AI653168, AA371310, AI434885, 838844, AA355129, AA342147, AA342146, AA365652, AA828028, AI581083, AA927786, AA282618, AA099276, AW364617, AA027167, AI968421, F24601, AI913352, AI302397, AI040349, T56496, 805710, T83234, AI984941, AI184494, AA480189, AI128765, AA027168, AA382209, AI935351, AB023172, AP000245, AP000127, AP000205, AF143869, and AW572672.

HNTCI60 133 1223477 1 - 3693 15 - 3707 AL046015, AA768846, AI671768, AI961239, AI884699, AA514474, AI521280, AI139530, AA156958, AI679628, AI885479, AI336225, AI735075, AI186828, AI626081, AI275985, AI494518, AA749446, AW089880, AI914010, AW207720, AI130746, AA976621, AI921928, AA993271, AI130728, AI299980, 819745, 884393, W69667, AA742981, AL046248, AA229014, AI279330, AA156866, AI216523, AA255782, AI811823, AA488821, AI419263, AA489068, AA229863, AA705638, AA701250, AA229731, N47318, AW271763, AA687125, W73367, AL044304, AA862901, AW272381, AW372345, AA939081, AW021871, W73428, AI478491, AA702739, AA977247, AA765337, W45513, AI141957, F06156, AA127066, 884392, AI283582, AI985183, AW439593, AI186368, AI687916, AI560741, AI203537, AA047572, W69666, H66133, AI081094, AA453238, AA356896, AA463404, AW294792, AA318684, 225224, H66549, AA373158, AA011074, N92391, AA480226, AW292636, H43300, AI222506, AA378963, AA492470, AA579885, T47922, W24708, T47923, AA348753, T05906, AA455850, H43299, AI419633, AW292633, AA011075, D61430, AI587496, AL133683, AA147480, AA772416, AA325615, 845164, AA714016, AA130104, AI560507, AW272813, AW376847, AI471022, H16172, AI568064, AA378964, 868334, AI567645, AA256004, AA341472, AW376809, W45654, AI401496, AA280280, AI905674, AA887264, AA147880, AA704633, AA429202, AI905673, AI216605, AW 168495, C 14179, AI963999, AC020663, U70255, AC002094, L06564, U72484, X89268, and AF005380.

HTLDS55 134 1182304 1 - 1302 15 - 1316AI890919, AI018797, AA913452, AI797580, AI809012, AI187382, AA448485, AI554914, AW137847, AI393577, AA382830, AA432050, AA609003, and AC020663.

HWMAE53 135 1187258 1 - 436 15 - 450 AA368584, and AB023227.

HTODG16 136 1057155 1 - 591 15 - 605 AW403969, AA252781, and AL041242.

HFXCG28 137 1199587 1 - 1454 15 - 1468AL080117, AB023176, and U14103.

HFTCU45 138 910053 1 - 538 15 - 552 U47343, AA325176, AA463333, and AA323357.

HFTBL33 139 1222661 1 - 2136 15 - 2150AI677902, AI338780, AI684570, AI928887, AW136644, AW264299, AI652923, AI089627, AI298483, AI372875, AA463846, AI141311, AW129570, AW204313, AI374899, AW 134722, AW305132, AI366527, AA463333, AA031465, U47343, AI654427, AW205086, W26816, AI217285, D81166, AA906309, AI382756, AA031486, D80712, AA054522, AA325176, AA884159, AA323357, AA247154, N71729, C15737, N71226, AI557264, AI541393, AI557278, and A84916.

HCEPH84 140 1148128 1 - 1499 15 - 1513AA442393, AA019932, W76203, AI372800, 856176, AI372801, AW248425, AA350199, T77421, AA054057, AI298004, T75382, T47787, AA018176, F08410, AA058754, 855903, 836279, AA191072, AA180848, AA194490, F13127, AA193053, AA326216, 816315, AA663485, AA166864, AA204736, AA249839, F05591, AI651722, AA167722, 242609, AW 138074, AA339074, AA054202, AA056327, AI479964, AA207119, AI221332, F26963, F36674, F28731, AI937722, F36659, AI609568, F25641, F25571, T33292, AA058465, F33105, AA206829, AA436615, 849566, 855818, AA193004, AI194037, 856064, AA019920, AA191589, 851792, T51483, 225123, F23450, AA054088, 838363, W72966, 241401, AA054025, F01857, AA194690, F10729, F17797, F35038, F02117, 263803, 264258, 263848, 261697, 261696, and 264257.

HHFON19 141 1061675 1 - 333 15 - 347 AA356476, and AC003072.

HEMCL65 142 910900 1 - 453 15 - 467 AI902552, and AI902562.

HMAMB94 143 910909 1 - 627 15 - 641 AA158332, 890961, 890977, and 890972.

HFICR59 144 1171979 1 - 1021 15 - 1035 AI190165, AI979249, AI917302, AI633819, AI624750, AI471728, AW196791, AI985423, AI471611, AA609421, AA705338, N22327, AA811162, N75202, AI922484, H79904, H79810, AW407702, AF162130, AC005084, and AF161181.

HSXDD55 145 911460 1 - 1164 15 - 1178 AA446069, H19388, AA121710, AA429913, F07861, H12126, AW104301, H55229, and AB002349.

HCQCI06 146 915000 1 - 1190 15 - 1204 AI123952, AI751915, AA343597, W79144, AA345718, AA304549, AA256582, W81545, D45547, AL117664, AC068763, AC068763, and AC069223.

HPMLJ44 147 1199601 1 - 1771 15 - 1785 AA778721, AI309326, AI923088, AW157189, AW009559, N21676, AW277241, AA056157, AI015567, AA142926, AA935517, N71214, AI340068, AA046446, AI890415, AI760248, AI421490, AI423473, AA576688, AI342399, AA405935, AA946956, AW403205, AA826534, AA143149, AA313266, AI803454, AA594414, AA233629, AA125818, N22011, AI862039, AA315935, AW 148924, AI245757, AW374039, N80237, AA488928, W33046, AW304989, AI953431, AA782164, H89121, T78059, AI344475, AA074821, AI148049, AW163161, AI707964, AA702036, AA864308, AA034997, AAOS8701, AA04S662, AA172038, AW0576S1, AA084S70, AW438849, AI708S66, AA743021, AA13S017, COSOS3, AA04S663, AA3120S9, AW268698, AW078896, AA047840, AA894905, AA724345, AAS863SS, AA947891, AAOS3980, N31083, AI024387, AA878972, N31289, AI631228, W38328, AL048109, F13274, TS9457, AA172290, AA831417, AI90S071, AA12S949, H06S42, AA018173, AW337421, H06484, T06616, AA8370S9, T77300, AW295S81, AA7S9329, 839702, Z3993S, F10872, AAOS7237, T36230, H89228, AA373169, AA233777, AAS98442, DS3439, AA03S4S9, AAOS6096, AA484066, T19033, 896192, AA693386, AL048108, AW392317, AI090106, AA732389, AW 150491, 243869, R3818S, AI270737, W04S96, 237004, T18978, AAS01472, AA483236, AA383381, H41069, AA749100, AI200780, AA079S74, AAS80SS3, AA40S183, AA079S26, AW189389, NS6489, D19937, AI90S101, AR044461, and AF061739.

HNTCUS 148 12234791 - 2837 1 S - 28S AW390189, AW068631, AW068632, AW083013, AW299875, AA042847, AA868916, AI632320, AA861695, AI823835, AL039139, AW340822, AI700370, AA97S794, AI342192, AI928261, AW390370, AA480338, W78034, N36497, AI635086, N66488, W56029, N41511, H42127, AI307661, AI610367, AI735104, AA643969, W40245, AI087138, AI383572, W40506, AI570860, AI089368, AI375757, AI813851, H42126, AI248569, AI243286, H03624, N25781, N25786, AW291887, 881326, W07239, N36492, AA243297, AI221570, AI140829, 881575, AA101761, AW195338, AW390411, AI888835, AA463566, AI206788, N78809, AW074503, H03625, AA778483, AL041056, N52929, AL039152, AW452298, D79350, AW392781, AA514883, N40562, AI583048, AA249501, AI125441, AA382265, D79601, N46605, AA248652, AA044396, AA299610, AI221697, D25811, AA405866, AI932292, and AL049934.

HNFD052 149 916260 1 - 345 15 - 359 AA357035, U23853, L11329, and AC012307.

HSHBW40 150 1144361 1 - 1120 15 - 1134AA393046, AA449274, AI417305, H54361, AA450152, H89797, AA045551, AA315053, W28083, AI925931, AI810820, AA310873, 883856, 833893, T78727, 818673, AA306399, AA306395, AA126773, AA324948, AA450094, AW379133, T77732, T27901, W25779, T51655, W25559, AW189057, 814561, T78180, H48688, AW365287, AI342499, W25778, 856439, AI858990, AA374368, AW362215, AI609827, AA344165, AI655305, AA121371, H77659, 818418, 834534, H87657, AA378311, AI269259, 808800, AA366795, N99789, AW365290, N51168, 855512, AW378738, AI903043, AA609451, AW378748, AA493146, AA480655, AI874365, 834545, AA862146, AA931827, AA864423, AW450406, AI128080, AW378763, 887869, AI139593, AA716045, AA857294, AI093259, AA665796, AA890188, AA828411, AI271946, AA255578, AA121361, AA628775, AA126760, AI343939, AI373574, AI197888, AI261530, AW003083, AAl 14177, AI744469, AA449220, AI339832, AI337024, AI885656, AA311426, N92854, AI870955, AI680690, 898212, 898213, 856440, AI935195, F06274, AF225971, M61764, AB015946, and AC004985.

HHEJR23 151 12006431 - 930 15 - 944 AI440338, AA868192, AI808409, AI567414, AI278014, AI291975, AW304837, AW024447, AI341786, AI183586, AW024630, AI208559, AI302861, AA043196, AI492200, AW 103254, AA731505, AA741444, AI160734, AI868969, AI214841, AI469608, AA947737, AI351129, AA045490, AA043598, AA970703, AI095776, D25707, T19154, AI187765, AA058909, AW087623, AA652268, AA507020, AA291791, AW449034, AA434511, AI809374, AW087534, AI571861, AI273142, AI247193, AI886206, AI280747, AI681985, AL120736, AI621209, AI611348, AI817552, AI932794, AW 149227, AI817543, AW084786, AW088793, AW302988, AI564247, AI554821, AI270183, AI637584, AI925156, AW075413, AI420521, AI497733, AI567351, AI524671, AW071417, AI318280, AI955906, AI680498, AW081036, AI634224, AI572787, AI174394, AW083175, AW 129106, AI802542, AI978703, AI499263, AI335426, AI348777, AI539808, AW188382, AI864836, AW085906, AI567612, AI648684, AI783792, AI499146, AI554485, AI628324, AL042628, AW074172, AI473554, AI493576, AW198090, AI800453, AI500077, AI871923, AI918655, AI829327, AI571439, AI620639, AI572418, AI929108, AI800433, AI280661, AL134999, AI620015, AI345416, AI345612, AI869367, AI624693, AI889376, AI917252, AI241819, AW082033, AI570781, AI536685, AI345415, AL040243, AL036146, AI252023, AW302992, AI280751, AI866770, AI824648, r AW083750, AI926790, AW020693, AW169671, AI538716, AI683475, AA225339, AI619607, AI439717, AI365256, AI476109, AI560099, AI492540, AI537303, AW080992, AI818980, AL046942, AW023590, AW151786, AW130776, AW152469, AL038605, ALl 19863, AI285735, AI758437, AW079654, AI312542, AW 131282, AI383919, AW090700, AI873644, AW118382, AI564719, AI269205, AL042551, AI582932, AI282504, AI828705, AI590118, AI288285, AI801322, AI801544, AI269862, AI698391, AW 167410, AI269696, . AI784252, AI344928, AW074869, AW 166865, AW054931, AI431909, AI619502, AI862139, AI569583, AI440426, AI306705, AI670002, AW 169653, AI612759, AW 152186, AI591420, AL121014, AI636456, AW105601, AI537617, AI445165, AI680435, AI621179, AI619716, AI696606, AI866090, AI476046, AI924686, AI886753, AI923370, AI572892, AI866798, AI916419, AI818683, AI431424, AI613270, ' AI242931, AI886124, AI591228, AI624548, AI684036, AI961286, AL042382, AL036980, AW131331, AI826225, AI963216, AI433157, AW088899, AA508692, AW303075, AL038445, AI612885, AW080746, AA012905, AI571909, AI564426, AI863382, AI271786, AL043326, AL036396, AI608936, ~' ,..~, ';A..W268122, AW059837,' ' AL134830, AI537677, AW089572, AW132001, AI349957, AI815855, AI537991, AW080402, AW 190042, AI922676, AW103371, AW073994, 246372, AL137459, AF 113690, I89947, I48979, AL117585, AF118094, I48978, AL049314, AL117460, AF177401, A08916, I17767, A08913, S68736, A08910, AF118070, AL137271, E02349, A08909, U42766, AL137557, AL117435, X96540, AL122098, I89931, . ' _ . _. . , I4962~5,, AF158248, _.
' .. . .

.. _ , . . .-~- .x'104032, AF183393, , ~=~':
_ .

X65873, AF113694, X72889, AL110221, AF090900, AL137463, Y16645, X82434, AL080127, AL122123, AL122093, AF113019, AL050024, I33392, AF111851, X93495, A03736, U00763, AF017437, AL137550, AJ238278, AL133075, AF090903, AF125948, AL137527, AL050393, AF079765, AF067728, AL133640, AF078844, AL049452, A77033, ' AL049464, - . -' - - -:A~77035 ' w~~'' . , vY11587, AL133557, AL110225, X63574, AF118064, U67958, AF113699, 578214, 282022, AF113676, AB019565, A58524, A58523, AF090934, AL110196, AL049382, AL137648, X84990, AL133016, A12297, U72620, AL137283, AF090943, AJ242859, E07108, AL050146, Y14314, AL133606, AF106862, AL049466, L31396, AL080124, U80742, AL137521, L31397, AL080060, A65341, X70685, AF017152, AF146568, AL133565, I03321, AF091084, AL049300, AL133093, AJ000937, AL122050, AR059958, AL117457, AL133560, AF026816, AL080137, U35846, AL122121, AL122110, AL133080, AL049430, AL050277, AL117583, AF113691, AF113013, AL050149, AL050116, AL050108, AF090896, AF090901, AF113677, AF097996, Y11254, AF125949, AL133568, AL117394, AF061943, AF113689, AL050138, E03348, AL080159, AL137538, AR011880, AL133113, X98834, A93016, AL049938, AF087943, E07361, AJ012755, AF119337, A08912, E15569, AL096744, I42402, AL110197, U91329, I09360, AL137560, I26207, AL133072, AL049283, AF026124, A93350, AL133077, 561953, AL122049, AL137556, AL133014, AF081197, E08263, E08264, AL133104, AR000496, U39656, AF111112, AL110280, AF003737, I00734, Y09972, E00617, E00717, E00778, AL050172, AL137476, AL137480, AL137523, U96683, AR038969, AF153205, Y07905, AF061573, AF079763, A07647, AF185576, AF081195, U68387, AL133067, 272491, M30514, AF162270, A45787, E05822, AL080074, E08631, AL117440, AJ006417, AR038854, A90832, AL117416, AL133098, AL137294, AF057300, AF057299, E04233, U78525, AL137526, U58996, X92070, AF106827, L30117, 237987,, U49908, U35146, L19437, X87582, AL137292, AF210052, AL137533, AF111849, AL137529, AF008439, AF067790, AR013797, AL133665, E02221, AF032666, X62580, AL122111, AL133031, AF051325, AL117432, I41145, AC002467, AL137478, AF132676, AF061836, AL122118, AL137488, and AL050092.

HCFMW71 152 1199561 1 - 1439 15 - 1453 AI923217, AA197141, AI814569, AI762903, AI804682, AI804663, AI143304, AA197116, AI082030, AI911904, AI139520, D53214, 892413, AW274978, W93272, AI183410, AW450838, AI216343, AA680119, AI918971, C15320, W93273, F00607, AI823928, T51116, 219397, T96093, 892414, T51024, AI422647, AI216344, AI741425, AI936703, 817362, T96094, 842713, AI869077, F00114, C00216, 266165, 256024, and AW662096.

HBODA38 153 923456 1 - 1882 15 - 1896AA196401, W79841, AA112831, AA197134, C05212, W 19681, AA195812, 225012, AI004215, 230134, AA194641, AI809925, AA258550, 228480, w F29133, AA699576, F20387, AI129717, AA194359, AI079487, AA195355, AA195094, AA931319, F34387, 219343, F36761, H67895, AA258604, AI378821, F19321, AI089231, 891150, AI702453, AI288969, AI313118, AI351843, F31038, N56278, AI381419, AA195356, AA131264, AA195051, AA192095, AI264911, and AA086284.

HCYBK19 154 925494 1 - 2664 15 - 2678AI829726, AI809562, AI927757, AI927758, AI927768, AW297770, AA165336, AI638072, AI149852, AW298053, AI365991, AA904547, H15885, AA985065, AI359235, AW207262, AI470080, AI421572, AA305419, AA985170, AW341104, AI423550, AI362528, AI453702, AI654827, AA927292, H91991, AI365149, AI365324, D81295, AI797740, AI357382, AI953516, AA909430, H01576, AA969956, AA379840, H52748, 837302, AA905264, 243289, 862753, 818887, 868272, H04859, AA746048, T31617, H04764, T78758, 244077, T32807, D60323, AA634475, H01477, AI193962, H00918, D81446, M86147, AA983881, AA318875, N64328, AA165369, 239361, D62629, T16370, F03272, H00919, N34301, and H46107.

HOFNH30 155 928365 1 - 362 15 - 376 AF186380, and AF127138.

HFXED03 156 1136469 1 - 1594 15 - 1608AI640298, AI984640, AI927459, AI492589, AA037170, AA985228, 859151, M86008, AI539361, AA480185, W25874, AW070463, T35581, AA354520, 220600, AA853067, AA151003, AA374936, AA374649, AI693470, W81208, AI765122, AI970100, AA332604, AI129029, AI373608, F06971, F06054, AA446917, H04913, AA853066, AR035972, AL110300, and A75455.

HWMEV63 157 931154 1 - 440 15 - 454 D13626, and AC078816.

HWHGT26 158 1147962 1 - 2634 15 - 2648AA829643, D82406, AW339052, 236241, AA885340, H66744, AW440614, H85794, H96697, AW 105208, H12642, AA282102, 225297, AA281700, AA292399, H86205, N58359, AA548845, H72231, AA938721, H58538, AA333403, H12593, AA568870, AA281638, 228896, AA282103, H86563, AA418431, H84902, AI685214, H71667, AW075858, AA298135, H66743, AA653194, L34968, AF065392, AF013966, AF065391, AF013965, AF013967, and AF133818.

HBXBG65 159 932780 1 - 521 15 - 535 836281, AF094480, and AF094479.

HSDHB12 160 941973 1 - 624 15 - 638 AA447298.

HLWAR77 161 947484 1 - 1275 15 - 1289 AA449919, AA449920, and AF119815.

HTTJQ27 162 1182680 1 - 1043 15 - 1057 AA522440, AI683658, AA527385, AW068809, AI567764, AI962065, H61360, AI962103, AA811386, AW 188595, AW 194232, AI953393, AI868180, AI470299, AI241678, AW074057, and AL050280.

HUJDA09 163 1153887 1 - 767 15 - 781 AI133670, W26633, AW375605, AA318069, AA853744, AI174232, AA521255, AA024888, N46555, 858116, AA447471, H77993, 858328, T47555, AI205304, T81235, W25885, 833242, AA349799, 220968, AA206898, AW380305, AA852419, AA355036, AW352357, AA486937, T80568, AA350303, AW138906, AA533322, W22449, AI372724, AI751908, AL133628, AF 124440, AJ 13303 8, and AB029448.

HEOST94 164 954582 1 - 634 15 - 648 AA243527, AL133847, AW070995, 850115, H17151, H11956, AW245691, W81176, AA324883, AA134693, AA322031, 243085, AI908431, H10325, AB007857, AC021705, AC021705, and AC006435.

HUVHQ75 165 955032 1 - 620 15 - 634 M86008, T35581, 220600, AI693470, AL110300, AR035972, and A75455.

HWAGC08 166 1189787 1 - 1417 15 - 1431 AA133439, AI150395, AI394694, AA836507, AI904808, AA133438, AA055801, AI216678, AA482998, AA055852, AA447236, AL048981, and AC005071.

HMWJI52 167 1202746 1 - 271315 - 2727 AI659483, AI857996, AI745593, N63916, AA541651, AI85801 l, N63903, AA573858, AW149456, AW150971, AW172771, N53446, AI568454, AA857892, AA532378, AI185005, AI040894, AI740569, AA876133, AA677515, AI057543, AA865457, AI151432, AI095739, AA425718, AL118870, AW188153, AI383493, AA879134, AI093353, AI970686, AA973591, AA918313, AA708914, AW 129493, AI271887, AI016698, AI093351, AW363695, AA682557, AA586346, AA115282, AW 189896, AA426545, AA738302, AI139340, AA834075, AW363660, AA158540, AA291139, AI299505, AI672698, AI025591, AA705475, AAl 15260, AI360357, AI927241, AI348355, N98443, AI537223, N98274, AA741220, AA835860, AA291762, N25158, AA460612, W69122, D81559, H63158, AI246009, H15065, T17447, 826864, AA974875, D52505, N95190, AI271787, AA721273, H16393, AW149360, AA135600, AI245518, AA135540, AA806170, AI187006, AA316474, T15919, AI272340, AA290769, H08014, H54356, 238773, 894384, 850814, H63074, H59564, H14744, AA213527, AA724344, AA743446, H84049, AA917576, H19010, N92062, H19306, H07918, D61231, H54277, AA767619, AW 118549, AA766172, N68849, T30190, AA548822, AA533504, F08853, AA334162, AI203502, F05055, F04359, AI204122, AI537924, 242850, H84050, N55132, H13528, AA564728, H05319, F11186, F02319, AI368540, H15064, D51046, F04602, 826718, H06692, F01594, 894795, AA486318, 844372, 827956, 847421, 827093, H83828, AA740665, AA354950, AA917561, H59565, AA995419, 814815, D19736, AI302335, 843854, 894714, 826942, 840121, H06693, 824567, 242594, AA705980, AA342628, N72449, 827965, AW295138, 242064, AI090231, F08378, AI381196, T27000, D56273, AA486216, 835155, AA214543, W24591, D59997, AA059019, AA948086, 278361, T27001, AA158539, H05373, H86329, 245494, AA938906, AA702132, AA300225, 257544, 259851, 259832, 259966, H98637, AW470568, AW513873, AW591435, and AW769993.

HAABH11 168 1199572 1 - 851 15 - 865 AI418830, AA424650, N25267, AW026561, AI126772, H83701, N22732, AA631750, AA418447, AA759336, AI250627, r AI251221, AI494201, AI521005, AI472536, AI540606, AI633300, AI401697, AI687568, AI633061, AW059713, AL046933, AI446373, N29277, AI261589, AW 167157, AI799540, AW 162194, AA903067, AL038605, AI537837, AI446515, AI702527, AI916419, AW 168503, AA948318, AI804505, AI491904, AI468959, AI573026, AI933992, AI432570, AW024921, AI267185, AI537643, N25033, AI284060, AI345688, AI678875, AI453328, AI377001, AW081383, AI340726, AL119511, AI560545, AW411359, AI434731;

AI583578, AW 161202, H89138, AW081186, AI560679, AI636619, AI696583, AI628325, AI584118, AI288843, AI590423, AI679550, AA848053, AI690706, AI702065, AW 193467, T49776, AI810544, AI582871, AI623736, AI567540, AI345567, AI890533, AW081234, AI282031, AI659795, AI698401, AI445588, AI349957, AW 172723, AI242736, AI285514, AI274614, AA729017, AI345005, AI636788, AL040586, AW152182, AA088789, AI802372, AI828734, AI336633, AI357599, AW022682, AI866461, AI559863, AI344931, AI338060, AI559752, AW262565, AW366372, AI921092, AW148589, AI539800, AL046942, AA503384, AI656270, AI815915, AI287449, AI250646, T99953, AI247306, AI952914, AI373622, AI471282, AL048644, AW082532, AI922110, N29481, AI811603, AI890051, AI355277, AI310709, AW 196299, AI814218, AI538850, AI634251, AI819663, AW021373, AI624120, AI284131, AI860652, AI829330, AI282326, AW022636, AI263584, AW080076, AW083572, AI824748, AW079315, AI671651, AI365256, AW410850, AI932458, AI554444, AI050666, AA587590, AI829327, AA502794, AW 148882, AA070889, AI961403, AI690536, AI270039, AW162189, AI932739, AW 189148, AI872423, AI598209, AI537677, N95566, AI955866, AW 151926, AI345143, AI479030, AI434038, AW409801, AL119399, AW083168, AI620864, AI868204, AI584130, AL048323, AI765323, AI886022, AI612885, AI434242, AI799189, AI919107, AI571699, AW265004, AI636507, AL048340, AW 104062, AW 148970, AI962040, AW237096, AI473451, AI307505, AI582932, AA580663, AI570056, AI161016, AW263804, AW 194014, AI690813, AI370392, AI281867, AW191844, AI888621, AI691088, AI274655, AI469516, AW079334, AA808175, AI287476, AW 161098, AI949968, AI345014, AI589428, AI355017, AI926333, AA575874, AI559524, AL049053, AL040449, AI281659, AI203903, AW196075, AI884459, AI440238, AI345224, AI678446, AA928539, N98606, AI915210, AW 103923, AI687809, AW129731, AI345253, AI096534, AI289337, AI283143, AI469674, AI818320, AI589218, E12579, I48978, AF146568, AL050138, I89947, A08913, AF098162, A08912, A08910, A08911, A18777, A08909, AF113689, AL080154, A08907, 536676, AL109672, AF067728, A08908, AF111851, AF153205, 576508, AF119337, U77594, U49434, L13297, S77771, I89931, AF113013, I49625, AR038854, AL137547, I89934, AL137271, U57715, Y13350, AL133062, AF047716, AR068466, E12580, AF112208, AF079765, AL137665, AF115410, 282022, AF183393, U57352, AF081571, AL0801,37, AL133619, AL133072, U49908, AL133623, AF113019, AF017152, E15582, AL110221, A08916, A15345, AF085809, 554890, AL 117648, AF 114170, I33391, AL049382, I42402, AF143957, AF114818, AL080127, X57084, J05277, AF104032, I89944, I48979, AF1622'70, Y11587, D89079, AF094480, AF158248, X67813, AL050092, AF061573, Y08769, E02914, 561953, L04849, AF003737, L04852, AR009628, AF067420, A45787, AR068182, AF182215, Y14314, AL080124, A32826, A30330, A32827, A30331, X98066, AF012536, AF036941, X99257, AL133070, AL049460, X52128, AL122045, AL137705, AL0800'74, X93495, AF113691, AF167995, A57389, AF100931, AL137526, AL133093, U92068, U76419, A83556, AF118092, AL122111, AB025103, AF159615, AL137554, J05032, E08631, AF036268, AL080140, AF015958, 568736, AL137530, X66975, AL050393, AL137555, AL110222, E01614, E13364, X62773, AL050366, E15569, AC004227, 578214, AC004822, AL137539, U75932, 583456, AJ001838, AF090934, Y 16645, X79812, AL110196, AL137640, X83544, AF118090, AL080110, AF017790, AL117649, AF047443, U37359, AF113676, AL137533, AF039138, AF039137, AF044323, AL137488, S79832, E06743, X65873, AL133049, AF022363, X99226, X53587, AC002382, I29004, X66417, AF077051, AF078844, 575997, AL133054, L10353, AL049464, A07588, U89906, AL050277, A77033, A77035, AL117587, U58996, X89102, D00174, AF111849, AL117460, AF126488, AL080139, E01314, U96683, AF058921, A08915, AL137256, AL137558, I66342, AL117440, AJ010277, AL137658, AL133014, U80742, AL080126, E02221, A21101, M80340, AC004200, E02152, AF106945, AF169154, AF013214, AL122049, AR068753, X56039, A41575, A65341, I18355, AF065135, A76337, AL133640, I34392, AF076633, AF200464, AJ242859, AR038969, A27171, AF004162, Y14634, I03321, A12297, AJ012582, AL137641, U36585, AL137292, U89295, I68732, A17115, A18079, X72387, 249258, AL137463, X97332, I41145, AF118064, I09360, and AF 118070.

HAPAI15 169 1187435 1 - 161715 - 1631 AW402614, AA662103, AI929056, AW409948, AA311813, AA310195, AI816311, AW294565, AA976304, AA731168, AA251463, AA205378, AA805414, AA053460, AW401973, AA312734, W23120, AA195341, AA352713, AA195340, AA662069, AA317160, AA354224, T85806, AI762990, AA297895, AA35661 l, AA315788, AA281670, AA283373, T93968, 221401, D53904, D53947, T89686, T89509, AA053212, AA448152, D50918, AB023622, and AC004913.

HNGBQ66 170 1172819 1 - 1046 15 - 1060AW239349, AA375315, . AW 151247, AA355780, AI452836, AL036896, AI801563, AA584241, AA493546, AI620354, AI360521, AW275432, AW 117860, AL041375, AA630476, N92588, 823873, AI224583, AW272389, AI473671, AI797998, N67313, AL044701, AI308529, T03928, AI889995, AI049999, AI267285, AI355246, AI734193, AA455202, AW327852, AA666295, AA676592, AI653776, AW264548, AI761677, AA809125, AW021674, AI288033, AA526508, H71678, AA507623, AW 177869, AI732682, AW072963, AW082104, AI734158, H60912, AA814503, AA629759, AA493789, H38769, AI798041, AA584207, AW117704, AA526413, AW239465, AW008184, AI188049, AI336771, AA558488, AW301483, AA199578, AI921706, AA594742, AI567676, AI872229, AI090377, AI310670, AA629713, AL036949, AI590404, AA533660, AI369076, AA658443, AA846923, AA226356, F35684, AI174703, AI791426, AI732473, AI283938, AA225392, AI469599, AI349130, AI031759, AA804726, AI924950, AI683079, AI613459, AI309943, AA457592, AL117554, AC005049, AF205588, AC005215, AL035659, AC003663, AL035413, AC004099, AL096791, AC006544, AF126403, AC005500, AC005516, AC007066, AC004913, AB001523, AC005730, AL035086, AP001052, AC007934, AC002310, AL080243, AF207550, AL034420, AC002544, AC004491, AL021391, 295118, AC005391, AC007685, 282179, AC005746, AF064861, AC018633, AC002316, AP000501, AC005529, AL022326, AL022318, AC005602, AF109907, U65896, AL031848, AC004859, AC005944, AL031427, AC007955, AC004755, AC005913, AC005921, M89651, AF038458, AL049856, AC005088, AC005535, AB023048, AC004675, AC004816, AL009172, AC005933, AC000115, AC005899, 284466, AC007226, AF088219, 297632, AC004797, 299716, L47234, AC006059, AP000503, AC005578, AF030453, AC005231, AL021453, AC002365, AC004263, AF023268, AB000882, AC005914, AC004149, AC005081, AL035455, AC006236, AL031255, AC006011, AC005527, AC005544, 295116, AL133448, AL031587, AC004973, AL096701, AL136295, L78810, AP000045, AL031282, U89335, AC004000, 299128, AC006539, AL049697, AC007308, AC001231, AC019014, AC004882, AL049646, AC007382, AC004583, AP000356, U96409, AC007021, 299291, AC005069, AC006479, AC003030, AC004686, AP000300, AC006084, AC005253, L78833, AC005553, AJ246003, AC006211, 284480, AP000228, AC007773, AC004655, U91328, AC004673, AL022311, AL109801, AC004124, AC005523, AC002119, AF060568, AP000279, AF134726, AL035461, AC006468, AL035423, AC004820, AJ003147, AL121603, AC005412, AC003665, 268284, AC004804, AL021398, AL024498, AC005670, AC007298, AL022316, AL035587, Y18000, AL109963, AL031678, U91318, AB000931, AC005186, AC005325, AC005828, AL139054, AC005763, AC002350, AC004876, AC005666, AL049569, AC006026, AC002477, 297056, AP000140, AC004812, AC002400, AC005067, AC005512, AC000394, 285986, AC004878, AC005874, AF134471, AC004692, AL049694, AP000113, AC004638, AL033392, 269721, AC007687, AC006480, AC007731, AL031281, AP000106, AP000038, AC004771, AC005300, AC004552, AC006162, 283840, AC005082, AC005587, AC006077, U47924, AC010205, AL050312, AC006039, AC005379, AL008582, AP000512, AC006538, AL121652, AP000694, AP000692, 295115, AC005005, AC006205, AP000689, AC004477, 298743, AC004858, AJ229041, AL021806, AF015416, AC002395, AC005280, AL035405, AC002558, AC005071, AC005207, AL034417, AL049540, AP000359, AP000039, AD000812, 283844, AR036572, AC006536, 293017, AL021917, AC007390, AC007263, AP000280, AC007041, AC004031, AC020663, AC006581, AL031133, AF011889, and AC004167.

HTXPY09 171 981988 1 - 1145 15 - 1159 AI435592, U56656, AA148805, AA046175, AA075198, AF194371, AF069782, AF053232, AF161469, AL117554, and AF123534.

HCFLJ17 172 1193629 1 - 1769 15 - 1783 AW148724, AW236350, AW058251, AW363242, C75194, AA773368, AA152132, AA31~3387, AA047345, AL121232, W38779, T39704, AA404974, AA377300, AA047344, AI050068, AI633499, AW363273, AA362228, AA121624, AA247511, AW029375, T40740, AW392857, W07426, D51246, AA173649, AF155096, AF135439, and AW769129.

HGOCA12 173 1172054 1 - 1234 15 - 1248AW444890, AA461185, AA435513, AA602372, AA723271, AA774585, AI971328, AI004443, W72923, F36785, F17742, F19634, W94217, AA346094, AA346095, F24441, AA393548, AA461361, and AB027004.

HCE5E94 174 1070802 1 - 1465 15 - 1479AI142098, AI061467, AA555087, AI816028, AI064696, AI132975, AI955216, AI954923, AI185092, AI961492, AA557261, AA594123, AI683136, AI821060, AA167739, AI492571, AA167833, AI128382, AI039982, AI801532, AI884567, AI708278, AA877359, AA771931, AI225219, AW 169567, AW149057, W02976, AA570678, AA847293, AA738472, AI916354, AI568477, AI687057, AA570139, AA485692, AI075416, AW025307, AA009525, AI870831, N79600, AA524522, AA128450, AA447933, AA084924, AI733764, W 19067, AI630317, AA972196, AA037503, AA113991, AA614719, AA112786, AI191141, AI815873, W28377, AA846646, AA037371, AA165667, 836946, AA583651, AL134404, AI354274, AI436348, AA729500, AW 169930, AI288012, H08475, F28921, AA224339, H09582, N72263, 240082, M79262, AA854626, AI582426, AA485823, AA857288, AI811622, T53473, 851376, AA085027, AA165631, C20581, H67335, T53474, F04102, AA009524, N28590, H53206, AA086264, AA322093, H08757, AI868288, F37189, 843209, 811825, AA113990, AA372866, AI203752, N67107, H09038, F04097, 817117, N87606, AA365003, 895092, AA088569, AW027974, AA764799, AI474701, AA170849, AA224133, AA886226, AA366031, AI572914, AA903493, AA748748, AF087661, AA076638, AA916592, AI088936, AI089690, AA447640, AA448044, AI014970, AI362134, AI432519, AI471047, AI681970, AI969201, AW475066, and AW517258.

HHEEL28 176 1216492 1 - 1918 15 - 1932AW138424, AA831257, AI801844, AI028474, AI692891, AA767936, AW188936, AI648511, AA359127, AI970093, AI381789, AI364659, AI697316, AA358752, AA320236, AW440942, AI819663, AL079799, AI264299, AI685087, N29277, AL134832, AI963625, AI539260, AI349012, AI401697, AW 188525, AW020397, AW020561, AL039011, AI333104, AW129148, AW167918, AI336575, AI687568, AW051088, AW080076, AW 148970, AI250627, AI539690, AL119399, AI434731, AL036954, AI433611, r AI538055, AL037454, N75779, AW020328, AW301344, AI884318, AI690620, AI318603, AW 170725, AA808175, AI419826, AI890576, AW303152, AI537643, AL119511, AI559558, AI538805, AI345778, AI440294, AW028416, AI889372, AA903106, AW023859, AW195253, AW 162315, AW 163554, AI500061, AI925685, AA830396, AI890223, AI368579, AI560545, AI680369, AW080290, AW024793, AA761557, AI561356, AA737649, AI540606, AW021662, AI469516, AI050881, AI284060, AI374987, AW074057, AA693331, AI554245, AI537677, AI538028, AW020592, AI225000, AI621341, AL038076, AW160376, AI698391, AW022494, AL041331, AW020288, N25033, AI540458, AI582932, AI289310, AI289791, AL118620, AL036705, AI685080, AA284380, N81195, AW161202, AW020381, AI927233, AW079432, AI589428, AI697464, AI625226, AI654258, AA001397, 841605, AW020693, AW025279, AL046466, AI590043, AI638644, AW 130362, AI783569, AI628325, AI440238, AW327693, AW 193467, AI887430, AI263584, AA743354, AI473536, AI344935, AA761573, AW008737, AI582966, AI866465, AI613038, AL046454, AI564259, AL045619, AI469764, AL046618, AI432570, AI261589, AW088628, AW020095, AI348897, AI345688, AW 172982, AI699823, AW089844, AI815239, AI539847, AI524654, AL045413, AW268293, AA975952, AI863241, AI608936, AI628015, w AL040241, AW089006, AI345415, AI798456, 820540, AW020710, AW075382, N98597, AI282669, AW021717, AI582912, AW083572, AW263709, AI567866, AL118781, AI584130, AA678484, AW 117675, AI919500, AI680467, AA508692, AW072413, AL041996, AI866469, AI799189, AI280607, AW 194185, AA947065, AI336565, AI452560, AI885949, AI049733, AI334893, AI004911, AI491710, AI148113, AW005029, AI114703, AI633314, AI282319, AI868204, AA503384, AI370322, AI612885, AW006032, AL042382, AA693347, AI619820, AI499279, AI610895, AI521005, AI284509, AI289542, AI690948, AI366959, AI309306, AI623662, AI635813, AA857847, AI919600, AI866090, AI523521, AW167083, AA587590, AI624548, AW022682, AI610446, AI610399, AW079699, AL041150, AI355779, AI445877, AW079572, AI370623, AI254226, AI761468, AF047716, E01314, AF061943, AL137271, AL122093, AL117578, I48978, I89947, AJ012582, AL049466, AF015958, X62580, AL133088, AL137258, AL110224, AF055917, AL137294, AL122098, AJ010277, A93350, AL023657, M80340, AF169154, AF120268, S83440, E02221, AR038854, L13297, A07647, AF113019, AR068466, AC004200, A08907, M19658, U77594, AL137267, A58524, AF159148, A58523, AF028823, AL133558, M27260, AF177401, AL137656, I32738, AL049276, X80340, A08910, AF030165, U89295, X72889, E08516, A18777, A08909;

AF 102166, A08913, AF150103, AL137658, A52563, AF137367, AL137521, AR068753, A08908, AL049339, AF094480, A08912, 569510, AF026008, A08911, L24896, I80062, AL080124, I89931, AF067790, AL137557, X79812, X87582, U92068, S77771, AL110221, AF090886, AL133062, U57352, Y14634, AL137461, AL137479, 568736, I48979, I49625, I41145, X66862, E12580, E12579, AL110225, S76508, D16301, AL137555, X15132, X97332, AL133084, U75370, AL109672, I33392, AF107847, AL050172, AF076633, AF132676, AF017790, AF106657, AL133606, AF124435, Y11587, L04859, I89934, AF061836, AL137463, X84990, E06788, E06790, E06789, AR050959, AF175903, AJ238278, AF 151109, AF201468, AL050092, AB030279, X96540, AL110280, U49908, AF 115410, I29004, X66417, S54890, AF078844, AL137627, Y10080, AF065135, X66975, X82434, I17544, AL137711, AL133075, X06146, AF199027, AL110222, U79523, AL137550, A23630, AL122110, S75997, AR020905, AF207750, AF017437, AF067728, A65341, AL122050, AL117587, AL137459, AJ006417, AF124728, AF030513, AL050393, AF057300, 297214, AF057299, X83508, X99226, A70386, AL133560, E12806, AF013214, L40363, AL133067, AR060156, A07588, AF036941, A77033, A77035, AF051325, A76335, AR029490, AF126488, AL096720, AF004162, AL080137, A90832, Y00093, AL137526, AL137716, AF026816, AF 106945, AF 111112, X98066, AL110196, AL080159, AL117416, X52128, AF153205, U55017, E15324, X67688, AF106697, AL080139, AL050149, L31396, AF158248, AL137254, AF061981, AF090896, U78525, AL050155, AL133619, AL137548, AL049452, L31397, AF114168, AL110199, AL008706, AF113691, w A15345, X63410, AF031903, AF 100931, AF082526, AL133080, D44497, AF054599, D89079, A59344, 272491, AF111851, U53505, AB025103, AF176651, and AF200464.

HE8UT58 177 973153 1 - 1090 15 - 1104AL079991, AW409774, AA404732, AA782257, AI808909, AA099036, AA677654, AA405418, AW341107, AW409667, AA659407, AA503263, AI433410, AI885266, AI341147, AA905366, AI692534, AI027623, AA468344, AA923181, AA778251, AI681129, AA533117, AI986154, AA099037, AI955317, AI276678, H29006, AA404602, AI347168, AA371047, AI420387, AW 135263, AA868124, T12623, H09118, AA430277, AA365338, T08839, AA813337, H29109, H 11272, AW137535, AB414534, AF116574, AF116573, and AC032004.

HIBCN93 178 1178130 1 - 1492 15 - 1506AI056401, AW072652, AI885072, AW205916, AI879122, AI885524, N34233, AI953626, AI768363, AI500165, AI887770, AI651798, AA393235, N35730, AW297174, AI802927, AW271854, 856346, AA249118, AI377463, AW070857, AI824909, N53527, AA948310, AI206861, AA572777, AA570002, AA814424, N25635, AA255602, AI478500, N25539, AA634056, H07018, N28490, AA416965, N34136, N34013, AA902860, AA255576, AW029208, AI690664, AI198003, H99526, H05467, N49189, AI190195, AI864484, N30121, H99763, AI024777, AA379362, AA262183, AI191172, 886778, AA721016, AA350164, 813979, AI963889, AA339761, 817378, N49183, AA262707, T33288, 842616, H99527, T16329, AI423712, AI952318, D62700, AI267479, N92737, W20356, AA385524, T28424, AA370138, AA279758, N24571, 840039, AI351820, AI674497, AA864521, T35226, D57142, 856257, N50244, AI124956, AF143235, and AW628476.

HDPBI30 179 974711 1 - 2911 15 - 2925 AA714520, N78665, W15172, AL134531, AA074818, AI251157, AI311635, AA079403, AW 130754, AI935943, AF083955, AC005015, AL034423, AP000030, AC002992, AC004216, AC003013, U91321, AC003684, AC002528, AL117258, AL021155, AP000045, AF053356, AL033521, AC004598, U91326, AL035072, AD000091, U82668, AC012384, L44140, AF006752, AL034350, AC006039, AC005756, AC005072, AL034429, AC002352, AC005682, AC003663, AC005049, AC007298, AC005620, AC004887, AL117694, AC005911, AC007688, AC006014, AC004797, AL031186, AL031283, AC004963, L47234, 284466, AC004125, AC005529, AL031293, AC006276, AL034400, AC004099, AC005089, AL049871, AC004893, AL080243, AC007021, AL049712, AC007993, AC006581, AC005837, AF139813, M13792, AC005086, AL096791, AJ251973, AC002301, AC006139, AC005488, L78810, AC006115, AC004966, AC006538, 293244, AC004834, AL049570, AC004084, AP000113, AP000251, and AC005696.

HLTGA03 180 974851 1 - 890 15 - 904 AI719655, AW082191, AA761093, AA576454, AI804392, AA505065, AA641512, AI220630, and AI189378.

HFXJI27 181 971046 1 - 427 15 - 441 AI335925, AI890750, AA187638, N39062, AI268071, D79411, N75622, N22381, H13284, 843578, F10497, 826373, AI625385, AI220697, 821997, AA932204, AI493179, AI373111, AA909963, AI476063, AA909961, AI888010, AI619918, AA976881, AW339040, AI432041, AA015789, AI049514, AI355877, AI888471, N59174, AI679618, AI373318, AA670204, AI358468, AI336216, AI266210, AA947133, 833792, AW081307, AA610540, AA928678, AA922947, AA922946, AI817788, AI245931, AA948492, AA044223, T63607, AI433872, AW269052, AI587384, AA827770, AW182646, AI127888, H89128, AI268557, D62713, T63317, 835227, AA018661, AW023089, w N67948, T62565, H01498, 821841, AW151373, D29213, AW022288, AA678512, and AB023187.

Code Description Tissue Organ Cell DiseaseVector Line AR022a Heart a Heart AR023a Liver a Liver AR024a mamma land a mamma land AR025a Prostate a Prostate AR026a small intestinea small intestine AR027a Stomach a Stomach AR028Blood B cells Blood B cells AR029Blood B cells Blood B cells activated activated AR030Blood B cells Blood B cells resting restin AR031Blood T cells Blood T cells activated activated AR032Blood T cells Blood T cells restin restin AR033brain Grain AR034breast breast AR035breast cancer breast cancer AR036Cell Line CAOV3Cell Line AR037cell line PA-1 cell line AR038cell line transformedcell line transformed AR039colon colon AR040colon (9808co65R)colon (9808co65R) AR041colon 9809co15)colon(9809co15) AR042colon cancer colon cancer AR043colon cancer colon cancer (9808co64R) 9808co64R) AR044colon cancer colon cancer 9809co14 9809co14 AR045corn clone 5 corn clone AR046corn clone 6 corn clone AR047com clone2 com clone2 AR048corn clone3 corn clone3 AR049Corn Clone4 Com Clone4 AR050Donor 11 B CellsDonor II
24hrs B Cells 24hrs AR051Donor II B CellsDonor 11 72hrs B Cells 72hrs AR052Donor II B-CellsDonor 1l 24 hrs. B-Cells hrs.

AR053Donor 11 B-CellsDonor II
72hrs B-Cells 72hrs AR054Donor 11 RestingDonor II
B Cells Resting B

Cells AR055Heart Heart AR056Human Lung (clonetech)Human Lung (clonetech) AR057Human Mammary Human Mammary (clontech) (clontech) AR058Human Thymus Human Thymus clonetech) (clonetech) AR059Jurkat (unstimulated)Jurkat (unstimulated) AR060Kidne Kidne AR061Liver Liver AR062Liver (Clontech)Liver (Clontech) AR063Lymphocytes Lymphocytes chronic lymphocytic chronic lymphocytic leukaemia leukaemia AR064Lymphocytes Lymphocytes diffuse large B cell lymphomadiffuse large B cell lym homa AR065Lymphocytes Lymphocytes follicular I homa follicular 1 homa AR066normal breast normal breast AR067Normal Ovarian Normal Ovarian 4004901 (4004901) AR068Normal Ovary NotTrtal 95086045 Ovary AR069Normal Ovary Normal Ovary AR070Normal Ovary Normal Ovary AR071Ovarian Cancer Ovarian Cancer AR072Ovarian Cancer Ovarian Cancer (97026001 (97026001) AR073Ovarian Cancer Ovarian Cancer 97076029) (97076029) AR074Ovarian Cancer Ovarian Cancer ) AR075Ovarian Cancer Ovarian Cancer 98066019 98066019) AR076Ovarian Cancer Ovarian Cancer (98076017) (98076017) AR077Ovarian Cancer Ovarian Cancer 98096001) 98096001) AR078ovarian cancer ovarian cancer AR079Ovarian Cancer Ovarian Cancer AR080Ovarian Cancer Ovarian Cancer AR081Ovarian Cancer Ovarian Cancer AR082ovarian cancer ovarian cancer AR083Ovarian Cancer Ovarian Cancer AR084Ovarian Cancer Ovarian Cancer ARO85Ovarian Cancer Ovarian Cancer AR086ovarian cancer ovarian cancer AR087Ovarian Cancer Ovarian Cancer AR088Ovarian cancer Ovarian cancer 3rd C00 3rd AR089Prostate Prostate AR090Prostate (clonetech)Prostate (clonetech) AR091rostate cancer rostate cancer AR092prostate cancerprostate # 15176 cancer #15176 AR093prostate cancerprostate #15509 cancer #15509 AR094prostate cancerprostate # 15673 cancer #15673 AR095Small IntestineSmall Intestine (Clontech) Clontech) AR096S teen Spleen AR097Thymus T cells Thymus T
activated cells activated AR098Thymus T cells Thymus T
resting cells resting AR099Tonsil Tonsil AR100Tonsil geminal Tonsil geminal center centroblast center centroblast AR101Tonsil germinalTonsil germinal center B

cell center B
cell AR102Tonsil lym h Tonsil lym node h node AR103Tonsil memory Tonsil memory B cell B

cell AR104Whole Brain Whole Brain AR105Xeno aft ES-2 Xeno aft AR106Xeno aft SW626 Xeno aft H0002Human Adult Human Adutt Heart Uni-ZAP
Heart Heart XR

H0004Human Adult Human Adult Spleen Uni-ZAP
Spleen S teen XR

H0008Whole 6 Week Uni-ZAP
Old Emb o XR

H0009Human Fetal Uni-ZAP
Brain XR

H0011Human Fetal Human Fetal Kidney Uni-ZAP
Kidney Kidney XR

H0012Human Fetal Human Fetal Kidney Uni-ZAP
Kidney Kidney XR

H0013Human 8 Week Human 8 WeekEmbryo Uni-ZAP
Whole Old Emb o Emb o XR

H0014Human Gall BladderHuman Gall Gall Bladder Uni-ZAP
Bladder XR

HOOlSHuman Gall Bladder,Human Gall Gall Bladder Uni-ZAP
Bladder fraction II XR

H0017Human Greater Human Greaterperitoneum Uni-ZAP
Omentum Omentum XR

H0018Human Greater Human Greaterperitoneum Uni-ZAP
Omentum, fII remake Omentum XR

H0020Human HippocampusHuman Brain Uni-ZAP

Hi ocam us XR

H0024Human Fetal Human Fetal Lung ~ ~ Uni-ZAP
Lung III Lung XR

H0030Human Placenta Uni-ZAP

XR

H0031Human Placenta Human PlacentaPlacenta Uni-ZAP

XR

H0032Human Prostate Human ProstateProstate Uni-ZAP

XR

H0033Human PituitaryHuman Pituitary Uni-ZAP

XR

H0036Human Adult Human Adult Small Uni-ZAP
Small Small Int.

Intestine Intestine XR

H0037Human Adult Human Adult Small pBluescript Small Small Int.

Intestine Intestine H0038Human Testes Human TestesTestis Uni-ZAP

XR

H0039Human Pancreas Human PancreasPancreas diseaseUni-ZAP
Tumor Tumor XR

H0040~ Human Testes Human TestesTestis diseaseUni-ZAP
Tumor Tumor XR

H0041Human Fetal Human Fetal Bone Uni-ZAP
Bone Bone XR

H0042Human Adult Human Adult Lung Uni-ZAP
Pulmonary Pulmona XR

H0046Human EndometrialHuman EndometrialUterus diseaseUni-ZAP

Tumor Tumor XR

H0050Human Fetal Human Fetal Heart Uni-ZAP
Heart Heart XR

H0051Human HippocampusHuman Brain Uni-ZAP

Hi pocam XR
us H0052Human CerebellumHuman CerebellumBrain Uni-ZAP

XR

H0056Human UmbilicalHuman UmbilicalUmbilical Uni-ZAP
Vein, Endo. remake Vein Endothelialvein XR

Cells H0057Human Fetal Uni-ZAP
Spleen XR

H0059Human Uterine Human UterineUterus diseaseLambda Cancer Cancer ZAP II

H0060Human Macro Human Macro Blood Cell Bluescri ha a ha a Line t H0063Human Thymus Human ThymusThymus Uni-ZAP

XR

H0068Human Skin TumorHuman Skin Skin diseaseUni-ZAP
Tumor XR

H0069Human ActivatedActivated Blood Cell Uni-ZAP
T-Cells T-Cells Line XR

H0081Human Fetal Human Fetal Skin Uni-ZAP
Epithelium Skin Skin XR

H0083HUMAN JURKAT Jurkat Cells Uni-ZAP
' MEMBRANE BOUND XR

POLYSOMES

H0085Human Colon Human Colon Lambda ZAP II

H0087Human Th us Human Th Bluescri us t H0090Human T-Cell T-Cell LymphomaT-Cell diseaseUni-ZAP
Lymphoma XR

H0098Human Adult Human Adult Liver Uni-ZAP
Liver, Liver subtracted XR

H0099Human Lung Cancer,Human Lung Lung pBluescript Cancer subtracted HO100Human Whole Human Whole Embryo Uni-ZAP
Six Week Six Old Emb o Week Old XR
Emb o H0103Human Fetal Human Fetal Brain Uni-ZAP
Brain, Brain subtracted XR

H0123 Human Fetal Human FetalBrain Uni-ZAP
Dura Mater Dura Mater XR

'H0124Human Human Sk Muscle diseaseUni-ZAP

Rhabdom osarcomaRhabdom XR
osarcoma H0125 Cem cells cyclohexamideCyclohexamideBlood Cell Uni-ZAP
Line treated Treated XR
Cem, Jurkat, Ra~i, and Su t H0131 LNCAP + o.3nM LNCAP Cell Prostate Cell Uni-ZAP
81881 Line Line XR

H0132 LNCAP + 30nM LNCAP Cell Prostate Cell Uni-ZAP
81881 Line Line XR

H0134 Raji Cells, CyclohexamideBlood Cell Uni-ZAP
cyclohexamide Line treated Treated XR
Cem, Jurkat, Ra'i, and Su t H0135 Human Synovial Human SynovialSynovium Uni-ZAP
Sarcoma Sarcoma XR

H0136 Supt Cells, CyclohexamideBlood Cell Uni-ZAP
cyclohexamide Line 'treated Treated XR
Cem, Jurkat, Ra~i, and Su t H0141 Activated T-Cells,Activated Blood Cell Uni-ZAP
12 hrs. T-Cells Line XR

H0144 Nine Week Old 9 Wk Old Embryo Uni-ZAP
Early Early Stage Human Stage Human XR

HO150 Humari EpididymusEpididymis Testis Uni-ZAP

XR

H0156 Human Adrenal Human AdrenalAdrenal diseaseUni-ZAP
Gland Tumor Gland TumorGland XR

H0163 Human Synovium Human SynoviumSynovium Uni-ZAP

XR

H0164 Human Trachea Human TracheaTrachea diseaseUni-ZAP
Tumor Tumor XR

H0166 Human Prostate Human ProstateProstate diseaseUni-ZAP
Cancer, Sta a B2 fractionCancer, XR
stage B2 H0167 Activated T-Cells,Activated Blood Cell Uni-ZAP
24 hrs. T-Cells Line XR

H0169 Human Prostate Human ProstateProstate diseaseUni-ZAP
Cancer, Stage C fractionCancer, XR
stage C

H0170 12 Week Old Twelve WeekEmbryo Uni-ZAP
Early Stage Old Human Earl Sta XR
a Human H0171 12 Week Old Twelve WeekEmbryo Uni-ZAP
Early Stage Old Human, II Earl Sta XR
a Human H0172 Human Fetal Human FetalBrain Lambda Brain, Brain random rimed ZAP
II

H0176 CAMA1 Ee Cell CAMA1 Ee Breast Cell Uni-ZAP
Line Cell Line Line XR

H0178 Human Fetal Human FetalBrain Uni-ZAP
Brain Brain XR

H0179 Human NeutrophilHuman NeutrophilBlood Cell Uni-ZAP
Line XR

H0181 Human Primary Human PrimaryBreast diseaseUni-ZAP
Breast Cancer Breast Cancer XR

H0187 Resting T-Cell T-Cells Blood Cell Lambda Line ZAP
II

H0188 Human Normal Human NormalBreast Uni-ZAP
Breast Breast XR

H0191 Human ActivatedHuman Blood Cell Uni-ZAP
Line Macrophage (LPS),Macrophage/Monoc XR
thiour es H0194 Human Cerebellum,Human CerebellumBrain pBluescript subtracted H0196 Human Cardiomyopathy,Human Heart Uni-ZAP

subtracted Cardiom XR
o ath H0200 Human Greater Human Greatereritoneum Uni-ZAP
Omentum, fract II remake,Omentum XR

H0201Human Hippocampus,Human Brain pBluescript ' subtracted Hi ocam us H0207LNCAP, differentialLNCAP Cell Prostate Cell pBluescript Line Line ex ression H0208Early Stage Human Fetal Lung pBluescript Human Lung, Lung subtracted H0213Human Pituitary,Human Pituitary Uni-ZAP

subtracted ' XR

H0214Raji cells, CyclohexamideBlood Cell pBluescript cyclohexamide Line treated, subtractedTreated Cem, Jurkat, Raji, and Su t H0222Activated T-Cells,Activated Blood Cell Uni-ZAP
8 hrs, T-Cells Line subtracted XR

H0233Human Fetal Human Fetal Heart pBluescript Heart, Heart Differential (Adult-S ecific) H0244'Human 8 Week Human 8 WeekEmbryo Uni-ZAP
Whole Old Embryo, subtractedEmbryo XR

H0250Human ActivatedHuman Monocytes Uni-ZAP

Monoc es XR

H0251Human ChondrosarcomaHuman Cartilage diseaseUni-ZAP

Chondrosarcoma XR

H0252Human OsteosarcomaHuman Bone diseaseUni-ZAP

Osteosarcoma XR

H0253Human adult Human Adult Testis Uni-ZAP
testis, large Testis inserts XR

H0254Breast Lymph Breast LymphLymph Uni-ZAP
node cDNA Node Node library XR

H0255breast lymph Breast LymphLymph Lambda node CDNA Node Node librar ZAP II

H0257HL-60, PMA 4H HL-60 Cells,Blood Cell Uni-ZAP
PMA Line stimulated XR

H0261H. cerebellum, Human CerebellumBrain Uni-ZAP
Enzyme subtracted XR

H0263human colon Human Colon Colon diseaseLambda cancer Cancer ZAP II

H0264human tonsils Human TonsilTonsil Uni-ZAP

XR

H0265Activated T-CellT-Cells Blood Cell Uni-ZAP
Line (l2hs)/Thiouridine XR

labelledEco H0266Human MicrovascularHMEC Vein Cell Lambda Line Endothelial ZAP II
Cells, fract.
A

H0268Human UmbilicalHUVE Cells UmbilicalCell Lambda Vein Line Endothelial vein ZAP II
Cells, fract.
A

H0269Human UmbilicalHUVE Cells UmbilicalCell Lambda Vein Line Endothelial vein ZAP II
Cells, fract.
B

H0271Human Neutrophil,Human NeutrophilBlood Cell Uni-ZAP
- Line Activated Activated XR

H0272HUMAN TONSILS, Human TonsilTonsil Uni-ZAP

H0282HBGB"s differentialHuman PrimaryBreast Uni-ZAP

consolidation Breast Cancer XR

H0284Human OB MG63 Human Bone Cell Uni-ZAP
control Line fraction I Osteoblastoma XR

MG63 cell line H0286Human OB MG63 Human Bone Cell Uni-ZAP
treated Line (10 nM E2) fractionOsteoblastoma XR
I

MG63 cell line H0292Human OB HOS Human Bone Cell Uni-ZAP
treated Line (10 nM E2) fractionOsteoblastoma XR
I HOS

cell line H0294 Amniotic Cells Amniotic PlacentaCell Uni-ZAP
- TNF Cells - Line induced TNF induced XR

' H0295Amniotic Cells Amniotic PlacentaCell Uni-ZAP
- Primary Cells - Line Culture Prima Culture XR

H0305 CD34 positive CD34 PositiveCord ZAP
cells (Cord Cells Blood Blood) Express H0306 CD34 depleted CD34 DepletedCord ZAP
Buffy Coat Blood (Cord Blood) Buffy Coat Express (Cord Blood) H0309 Human Chronic Synovium, Synovium diseaseUni-ZAP
Synovitis Chronic Synovitis/ XR

Osteoarthritis H0316 HUMAN STOMACH Human StomachStomach Uni-ZAP

XR

H0318 HUMAN B CELL Human B CellLymph diseaseUni-ZAP
Node LYMPHOMA L homa XR

H0327 human corpus Human CorpusBrain Uni-ZAP
colosum Callosum XR

H0328 human ovarian Ovarian CancerOvary diseaseUni-ZAP
cancer XR

H0329 DermatofibrosarcomaDermatofibrosarcomSkin diseaseUni-ZAP

Protuberance a Protuberans XR

H0331 Hepatocellular HepatocellularLiver diseaseLambda Tumor Tumor ZAP II

H0333 HemangiopericytomaHemangiopericytomBlood diseaseLambda vessel a ZAP II

H0334 Kidney cancer Kidney CancerKidney diseaseUni-ZAP

XR

H0341 Bone Marrow Bone Marrow Bone Cell Uni-ZAP
Cell Line Cell Marrow Line RS4;1 1 ) Line RS4;11 XR

H0342 Lingual Gyrus Lingual GyrusBrain Uni-Zap XR

H0344 Adipose tissue Adipose - Uni-ZAP
(human) 6825A

human XR

H0345 SKIN Skin - 4000868HSkin Uni-ZAP

XR

H0346 Brain-medulloblastomaBrain Brain diseaseUni-ZAP

(Medul loblastoma)- XR

H0351 Glioblastoma GlioblastomaBrain diseaseUni-ZAP

XR

H0352 wilm"s tumor Wilrri's diseaseUni-ZAP
Tumor XR

H0354 Human LeukocytesHuman LeukocytesBlood Cell pCMVSport Line 1 H0355 Human Liver Human Liver, pCMVSport normal Adult 1 H0356 Human Kidney Human KidneyKidney pCMVSport H0357 H. Normalized Human Fetal Liver Uni-ZAP
Fetal Liver Liver, 11 XR

H0361 Human rejected Human Rejected diseasepBluescript kidney Kidney H0369 H. Atrophic Atrophic Uni-ZAP
Endometrium Endometrium XR
and m ometrium H0370 H. Lymph node Lymph node diseaseUni-ZAP
breast with Cancer Met. Breast XR
Cancer H0372 Human Testes Human TestesTestis pCMVSport H0373 Human Heart Human Adult Heart pCMVSport Heart 1 H0375 Human Lun Human Lun pCMVSport I

H0379 Human Tongue, Human Tongue S ortl frac 1 ' H0383Human Prostate Human Prostate Uni-ZAP
BPH, re-excision BPH XR

H0390 Human Amygdala Human Amygdala diseasepBluescript De ression, De ression re-excision H0391 H. Meniin ima, Human Menin brain S ortl M6 ima H0392 H. Meningima, Human Meningimabrain S ortl H0393 Fetal Liver, Human Fetal Liver Bluescri subtraction Liver t l1 H0394 A-14 cell line Redd-Stemberg ZAP
cell Ex ress H0395 A1-CELL LINE Redd-Stemberg ZAP
cell Ex ress H0398 Human Newborn Human Newborn pBluescript Bladder Bladder H0399 Human Kidney Human Kidney Lambda Cortex, re-rescue Cortex ZAP II

H0400 Human Striatum Human Brain,Brain Lambda De ression, Striatum ZAP II
re-rescue De ression H0402 CD34 depleted CD34 DepletedCord ZAP
Buffy Coat Blood (Cord Blood), Buffy Coat Express re-excision (Cord Blood) H0404 H. Umbilical HUVE Cells UmbilicalCell Uni-ZAP
Vein Line endothelial vein XR
cells, uninduced H0408 Human kidney Human Kidney pBluescript Cortex, subtracted Cortex H0409 H. Striatum Human Brain,Brain pBluescript Depression, , subtracted Striatum De ression H0411 H Female Bladder,Human FemaleBladder pSportl Adult Adult Bladder H0412 Human umbilicalHUVE Cells UmbilicalCell pSportl vein Line endothelial vein cells, IL-4 induced H0413 Human UmbilicalHUVE Cells UmbilicalCell pSportl Vein Line Endothelial vein Cells, uninduced H0414 Ovarian Tumor Ovarian Tumor,Ovary diseasepSportl I, OV5232 H0415 H. Ovarian Tumor,Ovarian Tumor,Ovary diseasepCMVSport II, OV5232 OV5232 2.0 H0416 Human Neutrophils,Human NeutrophilBlood, Cell pBluescript - Line Activated, re-excisionActivated H0421 Human Bone Marrow,Bone Marrow pBluescript re-excision H0422 T-Cell PHA 16 T-Cells Blood Cell S ortl hrs Line H0423 T-Cell PHA 24 T-Cells Blood Cell S ortl hrs Line H0427 Human Adipose Human Adipose, pSportl left hi 1i oma H0428 Human Ovary Human Ovary Ovary pSportl Tumor H0429 K562 + PMA (36 K562 Cell cell Cell ZAP
hrs),re- line line Line excision Ex ress H0431 H. Kidney Medulla,Kidney medullaKidney pBluescript re-excision H0432 H. Kidne P amidKidne amids Kidne Bluescri t H0435 Ovarian Tumor Ovarian Tumor,Ovary pCMVSport OV350721 2.0 H0436 Restin T-Cell T-Cells Blood Cell S ortl Libra ,II Line H0437 H Umbilical HUVE Cells UmbilicalCell Lambda Vein Line Endothelial vein ZAP II
Cells, frac A, re-excision H0438 H. Whole Brain Human Whole ZAP
#2, re- Brain excision #2 Ex ress H0441H. Kidney Cortex,Kidney cortexKidney pBluescript ' subtracted H0442H. Striatum Depression,Human Brain,Brain pBluescript subt 11 Striatum Depression H0443H. Adipose, subtractedHuman Adipose, pSportl left hi Ii oma H0444Spleen metastic Spleen, Spleen diseasepSportl melanoma Metastic malignant melanoma H0445Spleen, Chronic Human Spleen,Spleen diseasepSportl CLL

lym hocytic leukemia H0449CD34+ cell, I CD34 ositive S ortl cells H0453H. Kidney Pyramid,Kidney pyramidsKidney pBluescript , subtracted H0457Human Eosino Human Eosino S ortl hils hils H0459CD34+cells, l1, CD34 positive pCMVSport cells FRACTION 2 2.0 H0478Salivary Gland, Human SalivarySalivary pSportl Lib 2 Gland land H0483Breast Cancer Breast Cancer pSportl cell line, Cell MDA 36 line, MDA

H0484Breast Cancer Breast Cancer pSportl Cell line, Cell angiogenic line, Angiogenic, H0485Hodgkin"s LymphomaHodgkin"s diseasepCMVSport I

L homa I 2.0 H0486Hodgkin"s LymphomaHodgkin"s diseasepCMVSport, II

Lymphoma 2.0 II

H0487Human Tonsils, Human Tonsils pCMVSport lib 1 2.0 H0488Human Tonsils, Human Tonsils pCMVSport Lib 2 2.0 H0494Keratinocyte Keratinocyte pCMVSport 2.0 H0497HEL cell line HEL cell HEL pSportl line 92.1.7 H0506Ulcerative ColitisColon Colon S ortl H0509Liver, Hepatoma Human Liver,Liver diseasepCMVSport He atoma,atient 3.0 HO510Human Liver, Human Liver,Liver pCMVSport normal normal, 3.0 Patient # 8 H0517Nasal polyps Nasal polyps pCMVSport 2.0 HOS pBMC stimulated pBMC stimulated pCMVSport 18 w/ poly I/C with of 3.0 I/C

H0519NTERA2, control NTERA2, pCMVSport Teratocarcinoma 3.0 cell line H0520NTERA2 + retinoicNTERA2, pSportl acid, 14 days Teratocarcinoma cell line H0521Primary DendriticPrimary pCMVSport Cells, Dendritic lib 1 cells 3.0 H0522Primary DendriticPrimary pCMVSport Dendritic cells,frac 2 cells 3.0 H0529Myoloid ProgenitorTF-1 Cell pCMVSport Cell Line;

Line Myoloid 3.0 progenitor cell line H0538Merkel Cells Merkel cellsL h node S ortl H0539Pancreas Islet Pancreas Pancreas diseasepSportl Cell Tumor Islet Cell Tumour H0540Skin burned Skin leg Skin ~ ~ pSportl burned H0542 T Cell helper Helper T pCMVSport I cell 3.0 ' H0543T cell helper Helper T pCMVSport II cell 3.0 H0544 Human endometrialHuman endometrial pCMVSport stromal cells stromal cells 3.0 H0545 Human endometrialHuman endometrial pCMVSport 'stromal cells-treatedstromal cells-treated 3.0 with rogesterone with rope H0546 Human endometrialHuman endometrial pCMVSport stromal cells-treatedstromal cells-treated 3.0 with estradiol with estra H0547 NTERA2 teratocarcinomaNTERA2, pSportl cell line+retinoicTeratocarcinoma acid (14 da s) cell line H0549 H. Epididiymus,Human Uni-ZAP
caput &

corpus Epididiymus, XR
caput and co us HO550 H. Epididiymus,Human Uni-ZAP
cauda E ididiymus, XR
cauda HO551 Human Thymus Human Thymus pCMVSport Stromal Cells Stromal Cells 3.0 H0553 Human Placenta Human Placenta pCMVSport 3.0 HOS55 Rejected Kidney,Human RejectedKidney diseasepCMVSport lib 4 Kidne 3.0 H0556 Activated T- T-Cells Blood Cell Uni-ZAP
Line cell( 12h)/Thiouridine-re- XR

excision H0559 HL-60, PMA 4H, HL-60 Cells,Blood Cell Uni-ZAP
re- PMA Line excision stimulated XR

H0560 KMH2 KMH2 pCMVSport 3.0 H0561 L428 L428 pCMVSport 3.0 H0570 Human Fetal Human Fetal pCMVSport Brain, Brain normalized CSOOH 2.0 H0571 Human Fetal Human Fetal pCMVSport Brain, Brain normalized CSOOHE 2.0 H0572 Human Fetal Human Fetal pCMVSport Brain, Brain normalized AC5002 2.0 H0574 Hepatocellular HepatocellularLiver diseaseLambda Tumor; re-excision Tumor ZAP II

H0575 Human Adult Human Adult Lung Uni-ZAP

Pulmona ;re-excisionPulmonary XR

H0576 Resting T-Cell;T-Cells Blood Cell Lambda re- Line excision ZAP II

H0580 Dendritic cells,Pooled dendritic pCMVSport pooled cells 3.0 H0581 Human Bone Marrow,Human Bone Bone pCMVSport Marrow treated Marrow 3.0 H0583 B Cell lymphomaB Cell LymphomaB Cell diseasepCMVSport 3.0 H0584 Activated T-cells,Activated Blood Cell Uni-ZAP
24 T-Cells Line hrs,re-excision XR

H0585 Activated T-Cells,l2Activated Blood Cell Uni-ZAP
T-Cells Line hrs,re-excision XR

H0586 Healing groin healing groingroin diseasepCMVSport wound, 6.5 hours post incisionwound, 6.5 3.0 hours ost incision H0587 Healing groin Groin-2/19/97groin diseasepCMVSport wound; 7.5 hours ost incision 3.0 H0589 CD34 positive CD34 PositiveCord ZAP
cells (cord Cells Blood blood),re-ex Ex ress H0590 Human adult Human Adult Small Uni-ZAP
small Small Int.

' intestine,re-excisionIntestine XR

H0591 Human T-cell T-Cell LymphomaT-Cell diseaseUni-ZAP

I homa;re-excision XR

H0592 Healing groin HGS wound diseasepCMVSport wound - healing zero hr post-incisionproject; 3.0 abdomen control) H0593 Olfactory Olfactory pCMVSport epithelium epithelium;nasalcavityfrom roof 3.0 of left nasal tacit H0594 Huinan Lung Human Lung Lung diseaseLambda Cancer;re- Cancer excision ZAP

H0595 Stomach cancer Stomach Cancer diseaseUni-ZAP
-human);re-excision5383A (human) XR

H0596 Human Colon Human Colon Colon Lambda Cancer;re-excision Cancer ZAP
II

H0597 'Human Colon; Human Colon Lambda re-excision ZAP
II

H0598 Human Stomach;re-Human StomachStomach Uni-ZAP

excision XR

H0599 Human Adult Human Adult Heart Uni-ZAP
Heartre- Heart excision XR

H0600 Healing AbdomenAbdomen diseasepCMVSport wound;70&90 3.0 min post incision H0604 Human Pituitary,Human Pituitary pBluescript re-excision H0606 Human Primary Human PrimaryBreast diseaseUni-ZAP
Breast Cancer;re-excisionBreast Cancer XR

H0608 H. Leukocytes, H.Leukocytes pCMVSport control 1 H0613 H.Leukocytes, H.Leukocytes pCMVSport normalized cot 5 B 1 H0615 Human Ovarian Ovarian CancerOvary diseaseUni-ZAP
Cancer Reexcision XR

H0616 Human Testes, Human TestesTestis Uni-ZAP
Reexcision XR

H0617 Human Primary Human PrimaryBreast diseaseUni-ZA1' Breast Cancer ReexcisionBreast Cancer XR

H0618 Human Adult Human Adult Testis Uni-ZAP
Testes, Testis Lar a Inserts, XR
Reexcision H0619 Fetal Heart Human Fetal Heart Uni-ZAP
Heart XR

H0620 Human Fetal Human Fetal Kidney Uni-ZAP
Kidney; Kidney Reexcision XR

H0622 Human Pancreas Human PancreasPancreas diseaseUni-ZAP
Tumor;

Reexcision Tumor XR

H0623 Human UmbilicalHuman UmbilicalUmbilical Uni-ZAP
Vein;

Reexcision Vein Endothelialvein XR

Cells H0624 12 Week Early Twelve Week Embryo Uni-ZAP
Stage Old Human II; ReexcisionEarly Sta XR
a Human H0625 Ku 812F Baso Ku 812F Baso S ortl hils Line hils H0626 Saos2 Cells; Saos2 Cell pSportl Untreated Line;

Untreated H0627 Saos2 Cells; Saos2 Cell pSportl Vitamin D3 Line;

Treated Vitamin D3 Treated H0628 Human Pre-DifferentiatedHuman Pre- Uni-ZAP

Adipocytes Differentiated XR

Adi oc es H0630 Human Human Normalized pCMVSport Leukocytes,normalizedleukocyte 1 control #4 H0631 Saos2, DexamethosomeSaos2 Cell pSportl Line;

' Treated Dexamethosome Treated H0632 Hepatocellular HepatocellularLiver Lambda Tumor;re-excision Tumor ZAP
II

H0633 Lung Carcinoma TNFalpha diseasepSportl A549 activated TNFalpha activatedA549--Lung Carcinoma H0634 Human Testes Human TestesTestis diseaseUni-ZAP
Tumor, re-excision Tumor XR

H0635 Human ActivatedActivated Blood Cell Uni-ZAP
T-Cells, T-Cells Line re-excision XR

H0637 Dendritic CellsDentritic pSportl From cells from CD34 Cells CD34 cells H0638 CD40 activated CD40 activated pSportl monocyte dendridic cellsmonocyte dendridic ' cells H0641 LPS activated . LPS activated pSportl derived dendritic cellsmonocyte derived dendritic cells H0642 Hep G2 Cells, Hep G2 Cells Other lambda libra H0643 He G2 Cells, He G2 Cells Other PCR libra H0644 Human Placenta Human PlacentaPlacenta Uni-ZAP
(re-excision) XR

H0645 Fetal Heart, Human Fetal Heart Uni-ZAP
re-excision Heart XR

H0646 Lung, Cancer Metastatic pSportl (4005313 A3): Invasive squamous Poorly cell lung Differentiated carcinoma, Lung poorly di Adenocarcinoma, H0647 Lung, Cancer Invasive diseasepSport (4005163 poorly 1 B7): Invasive, differentiated Poorly Diff. lung Adenocarcinoma,adenocarcinoma Metastatic H0648 Ovary, Cancer: Papillary diseasepSportl (4004562 Cstic B6) Papillary neoplasm Serous of low Cystic Neoplasm,malignant Low potentia Mali ant Pot H0649 Lung, Normal: Normal Lung pSportl (4005313 , B1) H0650 B-Cells B-Cells pCMVSport 3.0 H0651 Ovary, Normal: Normal Ovary pSport l (9805C040R) H0654 Lung, Cancer: Metastatic Other (4005313 A3) Invasive Squamous Poorly- cell lung differentiated Carcinoma Metastatic poorly lung adenoc dif H0656 B-cells (unstimulated)B-cells pSportl unstimulated) H0657 B-cells (stimulated)B-cells (stimulated) S ortl H0658 Ovary, Cancer 9809C332- Ovary diseasepSportl Poorly &

(9809C332): differentiateFallopian Poorly differentiated Tubes adenocarcinoma H0659 Ovary, Cancer Grade II Ovary diseasepSportl Papillary (15395A1F): Carcinoma, Grade II Ovary Pa illary Carcinoma H0660 Ovary, Cancer: Poorly differentiated diseasepSportl (15799A1F) Poorlycarcinoma, , ovary differentiated carcinoma H0661 Breast, Cancer:Breast cancer diseasepSportl (4004943 AS) H0662 Breast, Normal:Normal BreastBreast pSportl -(400552282) #4005522(B2) H0663 Breast, Cancer:Breast CancerBreast ' diseasepSportl (4005522 -A2) #4005522(A2) H0664 Breast, Cancer:Breast CancerBreast diseasepSportl (9806C012R) H0665 Stromal cells Stromal cells S ortl 3.88 3.88 H0666 Ovary, Cancer: Ovarian Cancer, diseasepSportl (4004332 A2) Sampte #4004332A2 H0667 Stromal cells(HBM3.18)Stromal ccll(HBM pSportl 3.18 H0668 stromal cell stromal cell pSportl clone 2.5 clone 2.5 H0670 Ovary, Cancer(4004650Ovarian Cancer pSportl -A3): Well-Differentiated4004650A3 Micropapillary Serous Carcinoma H0671 Breast, Cancer:Breast Cancer- pSportl (9802C020E) Sample #

H0672 Ovary, Cancer: Ovarian Ovary pSportl (4004576 A8) Cancer(4004576A8) H0673 Human Prostate Human ProstateProstate Uni-ZAP
Cancer, Sta a B2; re-excisionCancer, stage XR

H0674 Human Prostate Human ProstateProstate Uni-ZAP
Cancer, Sta a C; re-excissionCancer, sta XR
a C

H0675 Colon, Cancer: Colon Cancer pCMVSport (9808C064R) 9808C064R 3.0 H0677 TNFR de enerateB-Cells PCRII
oli o H0682 Serous Papillaryserous papillary pCMVSport Adenocarcinoma adenocarcinoma 3.0 (9606G304SPA3B) H0683 Ovarian Serous Serous papillary pCMVSport Papillary Adenocarcinoma adenocarcinoma, 3.0 stage 3C
(9804601 H0684 Serous PapillaryOvarian Cancer-Ovaries pCMVSport Adenocarcinoma 98106606 3.0 H0685 Adenocarcinoma Adenocarcinoma pCMVSport of of Ovary, Human Ovary, Human 3.0 Cell Line, Cell # OVCAR-3 Line, # OVCAR-H0686 Adenocarcinoma Adenocarcinoma pCMVSport of of Ovary, Human Ovary, Human 3.0 Cell Line Cell Line, # SW-626 H0687 Human normal Human normalOvary pCMVSport ov (#96106215) ova (#96106215) 3.0 H0689 Ovarian Cancer Ovarian Cancer, pCMVSport #98066019 3.0 H0690 Ovarian Cancer,Ovarian Cancer, pCMVSport #

97026001 #97026001 3.0 H0691 Normal Ovary, normal ovary, pCMVSport #971 OG208 #971 OG208 3.0 H0693 Normal ProstateNormal Prostate pCMVSport #ODQ3958EN Tissue # 3.0 H0694 Prostate gland Prostate prostate pCMVSport gland, adenocarcinoma adenocarcinoma,gland 3.0 mod/diff, leason N0006 Human Fetal Human Fetal Brain Brain S0001 Brain frontal Brain frontalBrain Lambda cortex cortex ZAP !I

50002 Monocyte activatedMonocyte-activatedblood Cell Uni-ZAP
Line XR

50003 Human OsteoclastomaOsteoclastomabone diseaseUni-ZAP

XR

S0004 Prostate Prostate Prostate Lambda BPH

ZAP II

S0007 Early Stage Human Fetal Uni-ZAP
Human Brain Brain XR

50010 Human Amygdala Amygdala Uni-ZAP

XR

5001 STROMAL - Osteoclastomabone diseaseUni-ZAP

OSTEOCLASTOMA XR

50013 Prostate Prostate prostate Uni-ZAP

XR

50016 Kidney PyramidsKidney pyramidsKidney Uni-ZAP

XR

50021 Whole brain Whole brain Brain ZAP

Ex ress S0022 Human OsteoclastomaOsteoclastoma Uni-ZAP

Stromal Cells Stromal Cells XR
-unam lifted S0026 Stromal cell stromal cellBone Cell Uni-ZAP
TF274 marrow Line XR

50027 Smooth muscle, Smooth musclePulmanaryCell Uni-ZAP
serum Line treated ante XR

S0028 Smooth muscle,controlSmooth musclePulmanaryCell Uni-ZAP
Line artery XR

S0030 Brain pons Brain Pons Brain Uni-ZAP

XR

S0031 Spinal cord Spinal cord spinal Uni-ZAP
cord XR

50032 Smooth muscle-ILbSmooth musclePulmanaryCell Uni-ZAP
Line induced ante XR

50036 Human SubstantiaHuman Substantia Uni-ZAP
Nigra Ni a XR

S0037 Smooth muscle, Smooth musclePulmanaryCell Uni-ZAP
ILIb Line induced artery XR

50038 Human Whole Human Whole ZAP
Brain #2 - Brain Oli o dT > I.SKb#2 Ex ress 50040 Adipocytes Human Adipocytes Uni-ZAP

from Osteoclastoma XR

50044 Prostate BPH prostate Prostate diseaseUni-ZAP
BPH

XR

50045 Endothelial Endothelial endothelialCell Uni-ZAP
cells-control cell Line cell-lun XR

S0046 Endothelial-inducedEndothelial endothelialCell Uni-ZAP
cell Line cell-lun XR

S0049 Human Brain, Human Brain, Uni-ZAP
Striatum Striatum XR

50050 Human Frontal Human Frontal diseaseUni-ZAP
Cortex, Schizophrenia Cortex, XR

Schizo hrenia S0051 Human Human diseaseUni-ZAP

Hypothalmus,SchizophrenHypothalamus, XR

is Schizo hrenia S0052 neutrophils human neutrophilsblood Cell Uni-ZAP
control Line XR

S0053 Neutrophils human neutrophilblood Cell Uni-ZAP
tL-1 and LPS Line induced induced XR

S0106 STRIATUM BRAIN diseaseUni-ZAP

DEPRESSION XR

SO110 Brain Amygdala Brain diseaseUni-ZAP

De ression XR

50112 H othalamus Brain Uni-ZAP

XR

SO1 Anergic T-cell Anergic T-cell Cell Uni-ZAP
14 Line XR

SO1 Bone marrow Bone marrow Bone marrow Uni-ZAP

XR

S0126Osteoblasts Osteoblasts Knee Cell Uni-ZAP
Line .

XR

50132Epithelial-TNFaAirway Epithelial Uni-ZAP
and INF

induced XR

50134Apoptotic T-cellapoptotic Cell Uni-ZAP
cells Line XR

SO136PERM TF274 stromal cellBone marrowCell Lambda Line 50140eosinophil-ILS eosinophil lung Cell Uni-ZAP
induced Line XR

50142Macrophage-oxLDLmacrophage- blood' Cell Uni-ZAP
Line oxidized XR
LDL

treated 50144Macrophage (GM-CSFMacrophage Uni-ZAP
(GM-treated) CSF treated) XR

50146prostate-editedprostate Prostate Uni-ZAP
BPH

XR

50148Normal ProstateProstate prostate Uni-ZAP

XR

SO150LNCAP prostate LNCAP Cell Prostate Cell Uni-ZAP
cell line Line Line XR

50152PC3 Prostate PC3 prostate Uni-ZAP
cell line cell line XR

50176Prostate, normal,Prostate prostate Uni-ZAP

subtraction XR
I

S0182Human B Cell Human B- Uni-ZAP
8866 Cell 8866 XR

S0192Synovial FibroblastsSynovial pSportl Fibroblasts control]

S0194S ovial h oxia Synovial S ortl Fibroblasts 50196Synovial 1L-1/TNFSynovial pSportl Fibroblasts stimulated 501987TM-pbfd PBLS, 7TM PCRII

rece for enriched 502027TM-pbdd PBLS, 7TM PCRII

rece for enriched 50206Smooth Muscle- Smooth musclePulmanaryCell pBluescript HASTE Line normalized arte 50208Messan ial cell,Messan ial S ortl frac I cell S0210Messan ial cell,Messangial S ortl frac 2 cell 50212Bone Marrow Bone Marrow pSportl Stromal Cell, untreatedStromal Cell,untreated S0214Human Osteoclastoma,Osteoclastomabone diseaseUni-ZAP
re-excision XR

50216Neutrophils human neutrophilblood Cell Uni-ZAP
IL-1 and LPS Line induced induced XR

50218Apoptotic T-cell,apoptotic Cell Uni-ZAP
re- cells Line excision XR

50222H. Frontal H. Brain, Brain diseaseUni-ZAP
Frontal cortex,epileptic;re-Cortex, Epileptic XR

excision S0228PSMIX PBLS, 7TM PCRII

rece for enriched S0242Synovial FibroblastsSynovial pSportl Fibroblasts Ill/TNF , subt 50250Human OsteoblastsHuman OsteoblastsFemur diseasepCMVSport II

2.0 502527TM-PIMIX PBLS, 7TM PCRII
rece for enriched 50260Spinal Cord, Spinal cord spinal Uni-ZAP
re-excision cord XR

S0264PPMIX PPMIX (HumanPituitary PCRII
Pituitary) S0268PRMIX PRMIX (Humanprostate PCRII
Prostate) 50270PTMIX PTMIX (HumanThymus PCR11 Th us) 50274PCMIX PCMIX (HumanBrain PCRII
Cerebellum) 50276Synovial hypoxia-RSFSynovial Synovial pSportl subtracted fobroblasts tissue (rheumatoid) 50278H Macrophage Macrophage Uni-ZAP
(GM-CSF (GM- XR
treated), re-excisionCSF treated) S0280Human Adipose Human Adipose Uni-ZAP
Tissue, Tissue XR
re-excision S0282Brain Frontal Brain frontalBrain Lambda Cortex, re- cortex ZAP II
excision 50300Frontal lobe,dementia;re-Frontal LobeBrain Uni-ZAP
excision dementia/Alzheimer' XR
's 50308S leen/normal S teen normal S ortl 50314Human Human diseasepSportl osteoarthritis;fractionosteoarthritic 1 cartila a 50316Human Normal Human Normal pSportl Cartilage,FractionCartila a I

50318Human Normal Human Normal pSportl Cartilage Cartila a Fraction II

50328Palate carcinomaPalate carcinomaUvula diseaseS ortl S0330Palate normal Palate normalUvula S ortl 50332Pha x carcinomaPha x carcinomaH o ha S ortl x 50338Human OsteoarthriticHuman diseasepSportl Cartilage Fractionosteoarthritic III cartila a S0342Adipocytes;re-excisionHuman Adipocytes Uni-ZAP
from Osteoclastoma XR

S0344Macrophage-oxLDL;macrophage- blood Cell Uni-ZAP
re- oxidized Line XR
excision LDL
treated 50346Human Amygdala;re-Amygdala Uni-ZAP
excision XR

S0348Cheek CarcinomaCheek Carcinoma diseaseS ortl S0352L x Carcinoma La x carcinoma diseaseS ortl S0354Colon Normal Colon NormalColon S ortl II

S0356Colon CarcinomaColon CarcinomaColon diseaseS ortl 50358Colon Normal Colon NormalColon S ortl III

50360Colon Tumor Colon Tumor Colon diseaseS ortl II

50362Human GastrocnemiusGastrocnemius pSportl muscle 50364Human Quadrice Quadrice S ortl s s muscle 50366Human Soleus Soleus Muscle S ortl S0372La x carcinoma Larynx carcinoma diseaseS ortl III

S0374Normal colon Normal colon S ortl 50376Colon Tumor Colon Tumor diseaseS ortl 50378Pancreas normalPancreas pSport PCA4 Normal I
No PCA4 No 50380Pancreas Tumor Pancreas diseasepSportl PCA4 Tu Tumor PCA4 Tu S0382La x carcinoma La x carcinoma diseaseS ortl IV

S0384Tongue carcinomaTongue carcinoma diseasepSportl ~

50386 Human Whole Whole brain Brain ZAP
Brain, re- Ex ress excision 50388 Human Human diseaseUni-ZAP
Hypothalamus,schizophreHypothalamus, XR
nia, re-excisionSchizo hrenia 50392 Salivary Gland Salivary pSportl gland;
normal S0400 Brain; normal Brain; normal S ortl 50402 Adrenal Gland,normalAdrenal gland; pSportl normal 50404 Rectum normal Rectum, normal S ortl S040G Rectum tumour Rectum tumour S ortl 50408 Colon, normal Colon, normal S ortl 50410 Colon, tumour Colon, tumour S ortl S0412 Temporal cortex-Temporal diseaseOther Alzheizmer; cortex, subtracted alzheimer 50414 Hippocampus, Hippocampus, Other Alzheimer Alzheimer ~~Subtracted Subtracted S0418 CHME Cell Line;treatedCHME Cell pCMVSport Line; 3.0 hrs treated 50420 CHME Cell CHME Cell pSportl Line,untreated line, untreatetd S0422 Mo7e Cell Line Mo7e Cell pCMVSport GM-CSF Line 3.0 treated ( 1 GM-CSF treated ng/ml) (In ml) 50424 TF-1 Cell Line TF-1 Cell pSportl GM-CSF Line Treated GM-CSF Treated 50426 Monocyte activated;Monocyte-activatedblood Cell Uni-ZAP
re- Line XR
excision 50428 Neutrophils human neutrophilsblood Cell Uni-ZAP
control; re- Line XR
excision 50432 Sinus piniformisSinus piniformis pSportl Tumour Tumour S0434 Stomach Normal Stomach Normal diseaseS ortl S0436 Stomach Tumour Stomach Tumour diseaseS ortl S0440 Liver Tumour Liver Tumour S ortl Met 5 Tu S0442 Colon Normal Colon Normal S ortl S0444 Colon Tumor Colon Tumour diseaseS ortl S0446 Ton ue Tumour Ton ue Tumour S ortl S0448 La x Normal La x Normal S ortl 50450 Larynx Tumour Larynx Tumour S ortl 50452 Th us Th us S ortl S0458 Thyroid Normal Thyroid normal pSportl (SDCA2 No) 50464 La x Normal La x Normal S ortl S0470 Adenocarcinoma PYFD diseaseS ortl S0474 Human blood Platelets Blood Other platelets latelets 53012 Smooth Muscle Smooth musclePulmanaryCell pBluescript Serum arte Line Treated, Norm 53014 Smooth muscle, Smooth musclePulmanaryCell pBluescript serum arte Line induced,re-exc 56014 H. hypothalamus,HypothalamusBrain ZAP
frac A Ex ress 56016 H. Frontal Cortex,H. Brain, Brain diseaseUni-ZAP
E ile tic Frontal XR
Cortex, E
ile tic S6026 Frontal Lobe, Frontal LobeBrain Uni-ZAP
Dementia dementia/Alzheimer' XR
's S6028 Human Manic Human Manic Brain diseaseUni-ZAP
Depression de ression XR
Tissue tissue T0002 Activated T-cellsActivated Blood Cell pBluescript T-Cell, Line PBL fraction SK-T0003Human Fetal Human Fetal pBluescript Lung Lung SK-T0004Human White Human White pBluescript Fat Fat SK-T0006Human Pineal Human Pinneal pBluescript Gland Gland SK-T0008Colorectal TumorColorectal diseasepBluescript Tumor SK-T0010Human Infant Human Infant Other Brain Brain T0023Human PancreaticHuman Pancreatic diseasepBluescript Carcinoma Carcinoma SK-T0039HSA 172 Cells Human HSA172 pBluescript cell line SK-T0040HSC172 cells SA172 Cells pBluescript SK-T0041Jurkat T-cell Jurkat T-cell pBluescript Gl phase SK-T0042Jurkat T-Cell, Jurkat T-Cell pBluescript S phase Line SK-T0048Human Aortic Human Aortic pBluescript Endothelium Endothelium SK-T0049Aorta endothelialAorta endothelial pBluescript cells +

TNF-a cells SK-T0060Human White Human White pBluescript Adipose Fat SK-T0067Human Thyroid Human Thyroid pBluescript SK-, T0069Human Uterus, Human Uterus, pBluescript normal normal SK-T0071Human Bone MarrowHuman Bone pBluescript Marrow SK-T0082Human Adult Human Adult pBluescript Retina Retina SK-T0109Human (HCC) pBluescript cell line liver (mouse) SK-metastasis, remake TO110Human colon pBluescript carcinoma , (HCC cell line, SK-remake T0114Human (Caco-2) pBluescript cell line, adenocarcinoma, SK-colon, remake TO1 Human Colon pBluescript I Carcinoma S

(HCC cell line SK-L0002Atrium cDNA
library Human heart L0005Clontech human aorta of A+ mRNA #6572) L0021Human adult (K.Okubo) L0022Human adult lung 3"

directed MboI
cDNA

L0040Human colon mucosa L0055Human rom eloc a L0065Liver He G2 cell line.

L0097Subtracted human retinal e ent a ithelium RPE) LO105Human aorta aorta polyA+

TFu'iwara) L0118Human fetal brain brain S.

Meier-Ewert L0142Human placenta placenta cDNA

TFu~iwara LO151Human testis testis (C. De Smet) LO157 Human fetal brain brain (TFu' i wara) L0163 Human heart heart cDNA

(YNakamura) L0193 Human osteosarcomaosteosarcoma OsA-CL

EGracia L0352 Normalized infant BA, M
brain, 13-Bento Soares derived L0355 P, Human foetal Bluescript Brain Whole tissue L0361 Stratagene ovary ovary Bluescript #937217) SK

L0362 Stratagene ovarian Bluescript cancer #937219) SK-L0366 Stratagene schizoschizophrenic Bluescript brain brain S11 S-I1 frontal SK-lobe L0367 ~ NCI CGAP Sch Schwannoma Bluescript l tumor S K-L0369 NCI CGAP AAI adrenal adenomaadrenal Bluescript gland S K-L0370 Johnston frontalpooled frontalbrain Bluescript cortex lobe SK-L0372 NCI CGAP Co colon tumor colon Bluescript S K-L0373 NCI CGAP Coll tumor colon Bluescript S K-L0374 NCI CGAP Co2 tumor colon Bluescript .

S K-L0375 NCI CGAP_Kid6 kidney tumorkidney Bluescript SK-L0378 NCI CGAP Lul lung tumor lung Bluescript S K-L0381 NCI CGAP_HN4 squamous pharynx Bluescript cell carcinoma SK-L0382 NCI CGAP_Pr25 epithelium prostate Bluescript (cell line) SK-L0384 NCI CGAP Pr23 prostate prostate Bluescript tumor S K-L0386 NCI CGAP_HN3 squamous tongue Bluescript cell carcinoma SK-from base ofton ue L0387 NCI CGAP_GCBO germinal tonsil Bluescript center B-cells SK-L0388 NCI CGAP_HN6 normal gingiva Bluescript (cell l ine from SK-immortalized kerati L0389 NCI CGAP_HNS normal gingiva Bluescript (cell l ine from SK-primary keratinocyt L0393 B, Human Liver 11 tissue L0435 Infant brain, lafmid LLNL array BA

of Dr. M. Soares INIB

L0438 normalized infanttotal brain brain lafmid brain BA

cDNA

L0439 Soares infant whole Lafmid brain 1NIB brain BA

L0455 Human retina retina eye lambda cDNA gtl0 randomly primed sublibrary L0456 Human retina retina eye lambda cDNA gt 10 Tsp509I-cleaved sublibra L0462 WATM1 lambdagtll ~

L0465TEST1, Human lambda adult Testis tissue nm1149 L0469T, Human adult Lambda Rhabdomyosarcoma Zap cell-line L0471Human fetal Lambda heart, Lambda ZAP Express ZAP

Ex ress L0483Human pancreatic Lambda islet ZAPII

L0485STRATAGENE Humanskeletal leg muscle Lambda muscle skeletal muscle ZAPII
cDNA

library, cat.
#936215.

L0499NCI CGAP HSC2 stem cell bone AMP1 34+/38+ marrow L0509NCI_CGAP_Lu26 invasive lung pAMPI

adenocarcinoma L0512NCI_CGAP_Ov36 borderline ovary pAMP
ovarian 1 carcinoma L0513NCI CGAP Ov37 early stage ovary pAMP
papillary 1 serous carcinoma L0517NCI CGAP Prl AMPIO

L0518NCI CGAP Pr2 AMP10 L0519NCI CGAP Pr3 AMP 10 L0520NCI_CGAP_Alvl alveolar pAMPlO

rhabdomyosarcoma .

L0521NCI CLAP Ewl Ewin "s sarcoma AMP10 L0522NCI CGAP Kidl kidne AMP10 L0523NCI CGAP Li liposarcoma AMP10 L0526NCI CGAP Prl2 metastatic pAMPlO
prostate b one lesion L0527NCI CGAP Ov2 ova AMP10 L0528NCI CGAP Pr5 rostate AMP10 L0529NCI CGAP Pr6 prostate AMP10 L0534Chromosome 7 brain brain pAMPlO
Fetal Brain cDNA Libra L0535NCI CGAP Br5 infiltratingbreast pAMPlO
ductal carcinoma L0542NCI CGAP Prl normal prostaticprostate pAMPlO
l a ithelial cells L0543NCI CGAP-Pr9 normal prostaticprostate pAMPlO

a ithelial cells L0544NCI CGAP Pr4 prostatic prostate pAMPlO

intraepithelial neoplasia - high ade L0545NCI CGAP Pr4.l prostatic prostate pAMPlO

intraepithelial neoplasia - high ade L0549NCI_CGAP_HN10 carcinoma pAMPlO
in situ from retromolar tri one L0551NCI CGAP HN7 normal squamous pAMPlO

epithelium, floor of mouth L0555NCI CLAP Lu34 lar a cell lun AMP10 carcinoma L0557NCI CGAP Lu21 small cell lung AMP10 carcinoma L0558NCI CGAP_Ov40 endometrioidovary pAMPlO

ovarian metastasis L0564Jia bone marrowbone marrow Bluescri stroma stroma t L0565Normal Human Bone Hip pBluescript Trabecular Bone Cells L0581Strata ene liver liver pBluescript (#937224) SK

L0586 HTCDL1 pBluescript r SK(-) L0587 Stratagene colon pBluescript (#937221 ) SK-L0588 Stratagene endothelial pBluescript cell L0589 Stratagene fetal pBluescript retina L0590 Stratagene fibroblast pBluescript (#937212) SK-L0591 Stratagene HeLa pBluescript cell s3 L0592 Stratagene hNT pBluescript neuron (#937233) SK-L0593 Stratagene pBluescript neuroepithelium SK-" #937231) L0594 Stratagene pBluescript neuroepithelium SK-L0595 Stratagene NT2 neuroepithelialbrain pBluescript neuronal cells recursor 937230 SK-L0596 Stratagene colon colon pBluescript #937204) SK-L0597 Stratagene corneal cornea pBluescript stroma (#937222) SK-L0598 Morton Fetal cochlea ear pBluescript Cochlea , SK-L0599 Stratagene lung lung pBluescript (#937210) SK-L0600 Weizmann Olfactoryolfactory nose pBluescript epithelium E ithelium SK-L0601 Stratagene pancreas pancreas pBluescript #937208) SK-L0602 Pancreatic Isletpancreatic pancreas pBluescript islet SK-L0603 Stratagene placenta placenta pBluescript (#937225) SK-L0604 Stratagene musclemuscle skeletal pBluescript muscle SK-L0605 Stratagene fetalfetal spleenspleen pBluescript spleen (#937205) SK-L0606 NCI CGAP_LymS follicular lymph pBluescript lymphoma node SK-L0607 NCI CGAP_Lym6 mantle cell lymph pBluescript node I homa SK-L0608 Stratagene lunglung carcinomalung NCI-H69 pBluescript carcinoma L0617 Chromosome 22 pBluescriptl exon IKS+

L0619 Chromosome 9 pBluescriptl exon II

IKS+

L0622 HM1 pcDNAlI

Invitro en L0625 NCI_CGAP_AR1 bulk alveolar pCMV-tumor L0627 NCI_CGAP_Col bulk tumor colon pCMV-L0628 NCI CGAP Ovl ovary bulk ovary pCMV-tumor L0629 NCI CGAP Mel3 metastatic bowel pCMV-(skin melanoma rima SPORT4 to bowel ) L0631NCI CLAP Br7 breast pCMV-' NCI CLAP PNS1 dorsal root peripheral pCMV-L0635 ganglion nervous SPORT4 s stem L0636NCI CGAP_Pitl four pooled brain pCMV-pituitary adenomas PORT6 S

L0637NCI CLAP Bm53 three pooledbrain pCMV-meningiomas SPORT6 L0638NCI CGAP Btn35 tumor, 5 brain pCMV-pooled (see d escri lion) SPORT6 L0639NCI CGAP Brn52 tumor, 5 brain pCMV-pooled (see d escri lion) SPORT6 L0640NCI CGAP_Brl8 four pooled breast pCMV-high-grade tumors, SPORT6 including two rima L0641NCI CLAP Col7 juvenile colon pCMV-granulosa tumor SPORT6 L0642NCI CGAP Cola moderately colon pCMV-d ifferentiatedS PORT6 adenocarcinoma L0643NCI CGAP Col9 moderately colon pCMV-d ifferentiatedS PORT6 adenocarcinoma L0644NCI CGAP Co20 moderately colon pCMV-d ifferentiatedS PORT6 adenocarcinoma L0645NCI CLAP Co21 moderately colon pCMV-d ifferentiated SPORT6 adenocarcinoma L0646NCI CGAP Col4 moderately- colon pCMV-d ifferentiatedS PORT6 adenocarcinoma L0647NCI CGAP_Sar4 five pooled connective pCMV-sarcomas, tissue SPORT6 including m oid Ii osarcoma L0648NCI CGAP_Eso2 squamous esophagus pCM V-cell carcinoma SPORT6 L0649NCI CGAP_GUl 2 pooled genitourinary pCMV-high-grade transitionaltract SPORT6 cell tumors L0650NCI CGAP Kidl3 2 pooled kidney pCMV-Wilms' tumors, one S PORT6 primary and one metast L0651NCI CGAP_Kid8 renal cell kidney pCMV-tumor L0653NCI CLAP Lu28 two pooled lung pCMV-squamous SPORT6 cell carcinomas L0655NCI CGAP-Lyml2 lymphoma, lymph pCMV-node f ollicular SPORT6 mixed small and lar a cell L0656NCI CGAP_Ov38 normal epitheliumovary pCMV-L0657NCI CGAP Ov23 tumor, 5 ovary pCMV-pooled (see d escri tion SPORT6 L0658NCI CGAP_Ov35 tumor, 5 ovary pCMV-pooled (see descri tion SPORT6 L0659NCI CGAP_Panl adenocarcinomapancreas pCMV-L0661NCI CGAP Me115 malignant skin pCMV-melanoma, S PORT6 metastatic to lymph node LOGG2NCI CGAP Gas4 poorly differentiatedstomach pCMV-adenocarcinoma SPORTG

with si net r LOG63NCI moderately- uterus pCMV-CGAP
Ut2 _ differentiated SPORT6 _ endometrial adenocarcino LOGG4NCI CGAP poorly-differentiateduterus pCMV-Ut3 _ endometrial SPORTG

adenocarcinoma, LOGGSNCI CGAP Ut4 serous papillaryuterus pCMV-carcinoma, PORT6 high S

rade, 2 ooled t LOGGGNCI well-differentiateduterus pCMV-CGAP
Utl _ endometrial SPORT6 _ adenocarcinoma, L0667NCI CGAP CMLI myeloid cells,whole pCMV-18 blood C ML cases, SPORT6 pooled BCR/ABL rearra LOG8GStanley Frontalfrontal lobebrain pCR2.1-SN pool 2 (see description) TOPO

(Invitro en) LOG95Human Glialblastoma Brain BT-325 PCRII, Cell Invitro en L0G98Testis 2 PGEM

Szf(+) L0717Gessler Wilms SPORTI
tumor L0720PN001-Normal prostate pSportl Human Prostate L0731Soares-pregnant uterus pT7T3-Pac uterus-NbHPU

L0740Soares melanocytemelanocyte pT7T3D

2NbH M (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0741Soares adult brain pT7T3D
brain N2b4HB55Y (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0742Soares adult brain pT7T3D
brain N2b5HB55Y (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0743Soares breast breast pT7T3D
2NbHBst (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0744Soares breast breast pT7T3D
3NbHBst (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0745Soares retina retina eye pT7T3D
N2b4HR

(Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L074GSoares retina retina eye pT7T3D
N2b5HR

(Pharmacia) with a modified olylinker L0747heart_NbHH heart pT7T3D
Soares fetal _ (Pharmacia) _ I ~~r with a modified olylinker L0748Soares fetal Liver pT7T3D
liver spleen and 1 NFLS Spleen (Pharmacia) with a modified olylinker L0749liver spleen Liver pT7T3D
Soares and fetal _ Spleen (Pharmacia) _ - with a modified of linker L0750lung NbHLI lung pT7T3D
wSoares fetal _ (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0751Soares ovary ovarian tumorovary pT7T3D
tumor NbHOT (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0752parathyroid parathyroid parathyroid pT7T3D
tumor tumor Soares - gland (Pharmacia)' NbHPA

with a modified of linker L0753gland N3H pineal pT7T3D
pineal gland Soares - (Pharmacia) -pC, with a modified of linker L0754Soares placenta placenta pT7T3D
Nb2HP

(Pharmacia) with a modified olylinker L0755placenta 8to9wee placenta pT7T3D
Soares - (Pharmacia) ks 2NbHP8to9W

- with a modified of linker L0756multiple sclerosismultiple pT7T3D
Soares sclerosis _ lesions (Pharmacia) 2NbHMSP

with a modified polylinker V TYPE

L0757fibrobla senescent pT7T3D
Soares senescentfibroblast _ (Pharmacia) NbHSF
sts _ with a modified polylinker V TYPE

L0758testis pT7T3D-NHT
Soares _ Pac _ (Pharmacia) with a modified olylinker L0759 Soares_total_fetus pT7T3D-Nb2H

_ Pac 9w _ (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0760 Barstead aorta aorta pT7T3D-Pac (Pharmacia) with a modified olylinker L0761 CGAP B-cell, chronic pT7T3D-NCI
CLLI

_ lymphotic Pac _ leukemia (Pharmacia) with a modified olylinker L0762 Brl.l breast pT7T3D-NCI
CGAP

_ Pac _ (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0763 NCI breast pT7T3D-CGAP
Br2 _ Pac _ (Pharmacia) with a modified olylinker L0764 NCI colon pT7T3D-CGAP
Co3 _ Pac _ (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0765 NCI colon pT7T3D-CGAP
Co4 _ Pac _ (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0766 NCI CGAP germinal pT7T3D-GCB1 center B

_ cell Pac (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0767 NCI CGAP_GC3 pooled germ pT7T3D-cell tumors Pac (Pharmacia) with a modified olylinker L0768 GC4 pooled germ pT7T3D-NCI CGAP cell _ tumors Pac ~

(Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0769 Brn25 anaplastic brain pT7T3D-NCI CGAP

_ oligodendroglioma Pac (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0770 NCI CLAP Brn23 glioblastomabrain pT7T3D-(pooled) Pac (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0771 NCI_CGAP_Co8 adenocarcinomacolon pT7T3D-Pac (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0772 CGAP_CoIO colon tumor colon pT7T3D-NCI RER+

_ Pac (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0773 NCI_CGAP_Co9 colon tumor colon pT7T3D-RER+

Pac . (Pharmacia) with a modified olylinker L0774 NCI_CGAP_Kid3 kidney pT7T3D-Pac (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0775 NCI CGAP_Kids 2 pooled kidney pT7T3D-tumors ( clear cell Pac type) (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0776 CGAP_Lu5 carcinoid lung pT7T3D-NCI

_ Pac (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0777 Soares_NhHMPu_S1Pooled humanmixed pT7T3D-(see melanocyte, below) Pac fetal heart, and (Pharmacia) pregnant with a modified of linker L0779 NFL_T_GBC_S1 pooled pT7T3D-Soares _ Pac (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0780 Soares_NSF F8 pooled pT7T3D-PA Pac P
S I

_ (Pharmacia) _ with a modified of linker L0783 NCI CGAP Pr22 normal prostateprostate pT7T3D-P ac (Pharmacia) with a modified olylinker L0784 NCI CGAP leiomyosarcomasoft pT7T3D-Lei2 tissue - Pac (Pharmacia) with a modified olylinker L0785 Barstead spleen spleen pT7T3D-Pac (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0786 Soares_NbHFB whole pT7T3D-brain Pac (Pharmacia) with a modified olylinker L0787 NCI_CGAP_Subl pT7T3D-Pac (Phannacia) with a modified of linker L0788 NCI pT7T3D-CGAP_Sub2 _ Pac (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0789 NCI_CGAP_Sub3 pT7T3D-Pac (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0790 NCI_CGAP_Sub4 pT7T3D-Pac (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0791 NCI_CGAP pT7T3D-SubS

_ Pac (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0792 NCI_CGAP pT7T3D-Sub6 _ Pac (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0794 NCI CGAP_GC6 pooled germ pT7T3D-cell tumors Pac (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0796 NCI_CGAP_Bm50 medulloblastomabrain pTTT3D-Pac (Pharmacia) with a modified olylinker L0800 CGAP_Col6 colon tumor,colon pT7T3D-NCI RER+

_ Pac (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0803 CGAP_Kidll kidney pT7T3D-NCI

_ Pac (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L0804 Kid 12 2 pooled kidney pT7T3D-NCI CGAP tumors _ clear cell , Pac ( type) (Pharmacia) with a modified polylinker L0805 Lu24 carcinoid lung pT7T3D-NCI
CGAP

_ Pac _ (Pharmacia) with a modified of linker L080G Lul9 squamous lung pT7T3D-NCI CLAP cell - carcinoma, Pac poorly differentiated (Pharmacia) (4 with a modified of linker L0808 Barstead prostate prostate pT7T3D-BPH

HPLRB4 1 Pac (Pharmacia) with a - modified olylinker L0809 NCI prostate pT7T3D-CGAP
Pr28 _ Pac _ (Pharmacia) with a modified olylinker L2250 Human cerebral cerebral cortex cortex OMIM Description Reference 100730 Myasthenia gravis, neonatal transient 106165 Hypertension, essential, 145500 107280 Cerebrovascular disease, occlusive 107280 Alpha-1-antichymot sin deficiency 107400 Emphysema 107400 Emphysema-cirrhosis 117700 ~ [Hypoceruloplasminemia, hereditary]

117700 Hemosiderosis, systemic, due to aceruloplasminemia 118800 Choreoathetosis, familial paroxysmal 121050 Contractural arachnodactyly, congenital 122500 [Transcortin deficiency]

123660 Cataract, Coppock-like 129490 Ectodermal dysplasia-3, anhidrotic 131400 Eosinophilia, familial 135600 Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, type X

138040 Cortisol resistance 150210 Lactoferrin-deficient neutrophils, 245480 153455 Cutis laxa, recessive, type I, 219100 154705 Marfan syndrome, type II

157655. Lactic acidosis due to defect in iron-sulfur cluster of complex I

159000 Muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, type 1A

169600 Hailey-Hailey disease 179095 Male infertility 180380 Night blindness, congenital stationery, rhodopsin-related 180380 Retinitis pigmentosa, autosomal recessive 180380 Retinitis pigmentosa-4, autosomal dominant 181460 Schistosoma mansoni, susce tibility/resistance to 186860 Leukemia/lymphoma, T-cell 186960 Leukemiallymphoma, T-cell 190000 Atransfernnemia 192974 Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia 192974 Glyco rotein Ia deficiency 193300 Renal cell carcinoma 193300 von Hippel-Lindau syndrome 201460 Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, long chain, deficiency of 203500 Alkaptonuria 205100 Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, juvenile 213700 Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis 222900 Sucrose intolerance 227646 Fanconi anemia, type D

232050 Propionicacidemia, t a II or pccB t a 245200 Krabbe disease 253260 Biotinidase deficiency 262000 Bjornstad syndrome 276902 Usher syndrome, t a 3 278720 Xeroderma pigmentosum, grou C

300047 Mental retardation, X-linked 20 300062 Mental retardation, X-linked 14 300600 Ocular albinism, Forsius-Eriksson t a 309470 Mental retardation, X-linked, syndromic-3, with spastic diplegia 309500 Renpenning syndrome-1 309610 Mental retardation, X-linked, syndromic-2, with dysmorphism and cerebral atrophy 310500 ~ Night blindness, congenital stationary, type 310600 Norrie disease 310600 Exudative vitreoretinopathy, X-linked, 305390 311050 Optic atrophy, X-linked 312060 Properdin deficiency, X-linked 600258 Colorectal cancer, hereditary non olyposis, type 600334 Tibial muscular dystrophy 600807 Bronchial asthma 600882 Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy-2B

601154 Cardiomyopathy, dilated, 1 E

601199 Neonatal hyperparathyroidism, 239200 601199 Hypocalcemia, autosomal dominant, 601198 601199 Hypocalciuric hypercalcemia, type I, 145980 601253. Muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, t a IC

601277 Ichthyosis, lamellar, type 2 601318 Diabetes mellitus, insulin-de endent, 13 601471 Moebius syndrome-2 601596 Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy, demyelinating 601682 Glaucoma 1 C, primary open angle 601692 Reis-Bucklers corneal dystrophy 601692 Corneal dystrophy, Avellino type 601692 Corneal dystro hy, Groenouw t a I, 121900 601692 Corneal dystrophy, lattice t a I, 122200 601841 Protein C inhibitor deficiency 602011 Pancreatic endocrine tumors 602089 Hemangioma, capillary, hereditary 602121 Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural, l, 124900 602460 Deafness, autosomal dominant 15, 602459 Polynucleotide and Polypeptide Variants [85] The present invention is directed to variants of the polynucleotide sequence disclosed in SEQ ID NO:X or the complementary strand thereto, nucleotide sequences encoding the polypeptide of SEQ ID NO:Y, the nucleotide sequence of SEQ ID
NO:X
encoding the polypeptide sequence as defined in column 7 of Table 1A, nucleotide sequences encoding the polypeptide as defined in column 7 of Table 1A, the nucleotide sequence as defined in columns 8 and 9 of Table 2, nucleotide sequences encoding the polypeptide encoded by the nucleotide sequence as defined in columns 8 and 9 of Table 2, the nucleotide sequence as defined in column 6 of Table 1 B, nucleotide sequences encoding the polypeptide encoded by the nucleotide sequence as defined in column 6 of Table 1B, the cDNA sequence contained in Clone >D NO:Z, and/or nucleotide sequences encoding the polypeptide encoded by the cDNA sequence contained in Clone ID NO:Z.
[86] The present invention also encompasses variants of the polypeptide sequence disclosed in SEQ >D NO:Y, the polypeptide sequence as defined in column 7 of Table 1A, a polypeptide sequence encoded by the polynucleotide sequence in SEQ m NO:X, a polypeptide sequence encoded by the nucleotide sequence as defined in columns 8 and 9 of Table 2, a polypeptide sequence encoded by the nucleotide sequence as defined in column 6 of Table IB, a polypeptide sequence encoded by the complement of the polynucleotide sequence in SEQ >D NO:X, and/or a polypeptide sequence encoded by the cDNA
sequence contained in Clone ID NO:Z.
[87] "Variant" refers to a polynucleotide or polypeptide differing from the polynucleotide or polypeptide of the present invention, but retaining essential properties thereof. Generally, variants are overall closely similar, and, in many regions, identical to the polynucleotide or polypeptide of the present invention.
[88] Thus, one aspect of the invention provides an isolated nucleic acid molecule comprising, or alternatively consisting of, a polynucleotide having a nucleotide sequence selected from the group consisting of: (a) a nucleotide sequence described in SEQ >Z7 NO:X
or contained in the cDNA sequence of Clone ID NO:Z; (b) a nucleotide sequence in SEQ >D
NO:X or the cDNA in Clone 1T7 NO:Z which encodes the complete amino acid sequence of SEQ >D NO:Y or the complete amino acid sequence encoded by the cDNA in Clone ID
NO:Z; (c) a nucleotide sequence in SEQ >D NO:X or the cDNA in Clone >D NO:Z
which encodes a mature polypeptide; (d) a nucleotide sequence in SEQ m NO:X or the cDNA
sequence of Clone ID NO:Z, which encodes a biologically active fragment of a polypeptide;
(e) a nucleotide sequence in SEQ m NO:X or the cDNA sequence of Clone m NO:Z, which encodes an antigenic fragment of a polypeptide; (f) a nucleotide sequence encoding a polypeptide comprising the complete amino acid sequence of SEQ >D NO:Y or the complete amino acid sequence encoded by the cDNA in Clone >D NO:Z; (g) a nucleotide sequence encoding a mature polypeptide of the amino acid sequence of SEQ >D NO:Y or the amino acid sequence encoded by the cDNA in Clone >D NO:Z; (h) a nucleotide sequence encoding a biologically active fragment of a polypeptide having the complete amino acid sequence of SEQ >D NO:Y or the complete amino acid sequence encoded by the cDNA in Clone >D
NO:Z; (i) a nucleotide sequence encoding an antigenic fragment of a polypeptide having the complete amino acid sequence of SEQ 1D NO:Y or the complete amino acid sequence encoded by the cDNA in Clone ID NO:Z; and (j) a nucleotide sequence complementary to any of the nucleotide sequences in (a), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), (h), or (i) above.
[89] The present invention is also directed to nucleic acid molecules which comprise, or alternatively consist of, a nucleotide sequence which is at least 80%, 85%, 90%, 95%, 96%, 97%, 98%, 99% or 100%, identical to, for example, any of the nucleotide sequences in (a), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), (h), (i), or (j) above, the nucleotide coding sequence in SEQ m NO:X or the complementary strand thereto, the nucleotide coding sequence of the cDNA
contained in Clone >D NO:Z or the complementary strand thereto, a nucleotide sequence encoding the polypeptide of SEQ m NO:Y, a nucleotide sequence encoding a polypeptide sequence encoded by the nucleotide sequence in SEQ >D NO:X, a polypeptide sequence encoded by the complement of the polynucleotide sequence in SEQ >D NO:X,. a nucleotide sequence encoding the polypeptide encoded by the cDNA contained in Clone m NO:Z, the nucleotide coding sequence in SEQ )D NO:X as defined in columns 8 and 9 of Table 2 or the complementary strand thereto, a nucleotide sequence encoding the polypeptide encoded by the nucleotide sequence in SEQ >D NO:X as defined in columns 8 and 9 of Table 2 or the complementary strand thereto, the nucleotide coding sequence in SEQ m NO:B as defined in column 6 of Table 1 B or the complementary strand thereto, a nucleotide sequence encoding the polypeptide encoded by the nucleotide sequence in SEQ m NO:B as defined in column 6 of Table 1 B or the complementary strand thereto, the nucleotide sequence in SEQ >D NO:X
encoding the polypeptide sequence as defined in column 7 of Table 1A or the complementary strand thereto, nucleotide sequences encoding the polypeptide as defined in column 7 of Table 1 A or the complementary strand thereto, and/or polynucleotide fragments of any of these nucleic acid molecules (e.g., those fragments described herein)., Polynucleotides which hybridize to the complement of these nucleic acid molecules under stringent hybridization conditions or alternatively, under lower stringency conditions, are also encompassed by the invention, as are polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides and nucleic acids.
(90) In a preferred embodiment, the invention encompasses nucleic acid molecules which comprise, or alternatively, consist of a polynucleotide which hybridizes under stringent hybridization conditions, or alternatively, under lower stringency conditions, to a polynucleotide in (a), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), (h), or (i), above, as are polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides. In another preferred embodiment, polynucleotides which hybridize to the complement of these nucleic acid molecules under stringent hybridization conditions, or alternatively, under lower stringency conditions, are also encompassed by the invention, as ire polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides.
[91 ] In another embodiment, the invention provides a purified protein comprising, or alternatively consisting of, a polypeptide having an amino acid sequence selected from the group consisting o~ (a) the complete amino acid sequence of SEQ >D NO:Y or the complete amino acid sequence encoded by the cDNA in Clone >D NO:Z; (b) the amino acid sequence of a mature form of a polypeptide having the amino acid sequence of SEQ >Z7 NO:Y or the amino acid sequence encoded by the cDNA in Clone >D NO:Z; (c) the amino acid sequence of a biologically active fragment of a polypeptide having the complete amino acid sequence of SEQ >D NO:Y or the complete amino acid sequence encoded by the cDNA in Clone )D
NO:Z; and (d) the amino acid sequence of an antigenic fragment of a polypeptide having the complete amino acid sequence of SEQ >D NO:Y or the complete amino acid sequence encoded by the cDNA in Clone m NO:Z.
[92] The present invention is also directed to proteins which comprise, or alternatively consist of, an amino acid sequence which is at least 80%, 85%, 90%, 95%, 96%, 97%, 98%, 99% or 100%, identical to, for example, any of the amino acid sequences in (a), (b), (c), or (d), above, the amino acid sequence shown in SEQ >D NO:Y, the amino acid sequence encoded by the cDNA contained in Clone ~ NO:Z, the amino acid sequence of the polypeptide encoded by the nucleotide sequence in SEQ m NO:X as defined in columns 8 and 9 of Table 2, the amino acid sequence of the polypeptide encoded by the nucleotide sequence in SEQ B7 NO:B as defined in column 6 of Table 1B, the amino acid sequence as defined in column 7 of Table 1 A, an amino acid sequence encoded by the nucleotide sequence in SEQ 1D NO:X, and an amino acid sequence encoded by the complement of the polynucleotide sequence in SEQ ID NO:X. Fragments of these polypeptides are also provided (e.g., those fragments described herein). Further proteins encoded by polynucleotides which hybridize to the complement of the nucleic acid molecules encoding these amino acid sequences under stringent hybridization conditions or alternatively, under lower stringency conditions, are also encompassed by the invention, as are the polynucleotides encoding these proteins.
[93] By a nucleic acid having a nucleotide sequence at least, for example, 95%
"identical" to a reference nucleotide sequence of the present invention, it is intended that the nucleotide sequence of the nucleic acid is identical to the reference sequence except that the nucleotide sequence may include up to five point mutations per each 100 nucleotides of the reference nucleotide sequence encoding the polypeptide. In other words, to obtain a nucleic acid having a nucleotide sequence at least 95% identical to a reference nucleotide sequence, up to 5% of the nucleotides in the reference sequence may be deleted or substituted with another nucleotide, or a number of nucleotides up to 5% of the total nucleotides in the reference sequence may be inserted into the reference sequence. The query sequence may be an entire sequence referred to in Table 1A or 2 as the ORF (open reading frame), or any fragment specified as described herein.
[94J As a practical matter, whether any particular nucleic acid molecule or polypeptide is at least 80%, 85%, 90%. 95%, 96%, 97%, 98% or 99% identical to a nucleotide sequence of the present invention can be determined conventionally using known computer programs.
A preferred method for determining the best overall match between a query sequence (a sequence of the present invention) and a subject sequence, also referred to as a global sequence alignment, can be determined using the FASTDB computer program based on the algorithm of Brutlag et al. (Comp. App. Biosci. 6:237-245 (1990)). In a sequence alignment the query and subject sequences are both DNA sequences. An RNA sequence can be compared by converting U's to T's. The result of said global sequence alignment is expressed as percent identity. Preferred parameters used in a FASTDB alignment of DNA
sequences to calculate percent identity are: Matrix=Unitary, k-tuple=4, Mismatch Penalty=l, Joining Penalty=30, Randomization Group Length=0, Cutoff Score=1, Gap Penalty=S, Gap Size Penalty 0.05, Window Size=500 or the length of the subject nucleotide sequence, whichever is shorter.
[95) If the subject sequence is shorter than the query sequence because of 5' or 3' deletions, not because of internal deletions, a manual correction must be made to the results.
This is because the FASTDB program does not account for 5' and 3' truncations of the subject sequence when calculating percent identity. For subject sequences truncated at the 5' or 3' ends, relative to the query sequence, the percent identity is corrected by calculating the number of bases of the query sequence that are S' and 3' of the subject sequence, which are not matched/aligned, as a percent of the total bases of the query sequence.
Whether a nucleotide is matched/aligned is determined by results of the FASTDB sequence alignment.
This percentage is then subtracted from the percent identity, calculated by the above FASTDB program using the specified parameters, to arrive at a final percent identity score.
This corrected score is what is used for the purposes of the present invention. Only bases outside the 5' and 3' bases of the subject sequence, as displayed by the FASTDB alignment, which are not matched/aligned with the query sequence, are calculated for the purposes of manually adjusting the percent identity score.
[96] For example, a 90 base subject sequence is aligned to a 100 base query sequence to determine percent identity. The deletions occur at the S' end of the subject sequence and therefore, the FASTDB alignment does not show a matched/alignment of the first 10 bases at 5' end. The 10 unpaired bases represent 10% of the sequence (number of bases at the S' and 3' ends not matched/total number of bases in the query sequence) so 10% is subtracted from the percent identity score calculated by the FASTDB program. If the remaining 90 bases were perfectly matched the final percent identity would be 90%. In another example, a 90 base subject sequence is compared with a 100 base query sequence. This time the deletions are internal deletions so that there are no bases on the 5' or 3' of the subject sequence which are not matched/aligned with the query. In this case the percent identity calculated by FASTDB is not manually corrected. Once again, only bases 5' and 3' of the subject sequence which are not matched/aligned with the query sequence are manually corrected for.
No other manual corrections are to be made for the purposes of the present invention. .
(97] By a polypeptide having an amino acid sequence at least, for example, 95%
"identical" to a query amino acid sequence of the present invention, it is intended that the amino acid sequence of the subject polypeptide is identical to the query sequence except that the subject polypeptide sequence may include up to five amino acid alterations per each 100 amino acids of the query amino acid sequence. In other words, to obtain a polypeptide having an amino acid sequence at least 95% identical to a query amino acid sequence, up to S% of the amino acid residues in the subject sequence may be inserted, deleted, (indels) or substituted with another amino acid. These alterations of the reference sequence may occur at the amino or carboxy terminal positions of the reference amino acid sequence or anywhere between those terminal positions, interspersed either individually among residues in the reference sequence or in one or more contiguous groups within the reference sequence.
[98] As a practical matter, whether any particular polypeptide is at least 80%, 85%, 90%, 95%, 96%, 97%, 98% or 99% identical to, for instance, the amino acid sequence of a polypeptide referred to in Table 1A (e.g., the amino acid sequence identified in column 6) or Table 2 (e.g., the amino acid sequence of the polypeptide encoded by the polynucleotide sequence defined in columns 8 and 9 of Table 2) or a fragment thereof, the amino acid sequence of the polypeptide encoded by the polynucleotide sequence in SEQ >D
NO:B as defined in column 6 of Table 1B or a fragment thereof, the amino acid sequence of the polypeptide encoded by the nucleotide sequence in SEQ ID NO:X or a fragment thereof, or the amino acid sequence of the polypeptide encoded by cDNA contained in Clone ID NO:Z, or a fragment thereof, can be determined conventionally using known computer programs. A
preferred method for determining the best overall match between a query sequence (a sequence of the present invention) and a subject sequence, also referred to as a global sequence alignment, can be determined using the FASTDB computer program based on the algorithm of Brutlag et al. (Comp. App. Biosci.6:237-245 (1990)). In a sequence alignment the query and subject sequences are either both nucleotide sequences or both amino acid sequences. The result of said global sequence alignment is expressed as percent identity.
Preferred parameters used in a FASTDB amino acid alignment are: Matrix=PAM 0, k-tuple=2, Mismatch Penalty=l, Joining Penalty=20, Randomization Group Length=0, Cutoff Score=1, Window Size=sequence length, Gap Penalty=5, Gap Size Penalty=0.05, Window Size=500 or the length of the subject amino acid sequence, whichever is shorter.
[99] If the subject sequence is shorter than the query sequence due to N- or C-terminal deletions, not because of internal deletions, a manual correction must be made to the results.
This is because the FASTDB program does not account for N- and C-terminal truncations of the subject sequence when calculating global percent identity. For subject sequences truncated at the N- and C-termini, relative to the query sequence, the percent identity is corrected by calculating the number of residues of the query sequence that are N- and C-terminal of the subject sequence, which are not matched/aligned with a corresponding subject residue, as a percent of the total bases of the query sequence. Whether a residue is matched/aligned is determined by results of the FASTDB sequence alignment.
This percentage is then subtracted from the percent identity, calculated by the above FASTDB
program using the specified parameters, to arrive at a final percent identity score. This final percent identity score is what is used for the purposes of the present invention. Only residues to the N- and C-termini of the subject sequence, which are not matched/aligned with the query sequence, are considered for the purposes of manually adjusting the percent identity score. That is, only query residue positions outside the farthest N- and C-terminal residues of the subject sequence.
[100] For example, a 90 amino acid residue subject sequence is aligned with a residue query sequence to determine percent identity. The deletion occurs at the N-terminus of the subject sequence and therefore, the FASTDB alignment does not show a matching/alignment of the first 10 residues at the N-terminus. The 10 unpaired residues represent 10% of the sequence (number of residues at the N- and C- termini not matched/total number of residues in the query sequence) so 10% is subtracted from the percent identity score calculated by the FASTDB program. If the remaining 90 residues were perfectly matched the final percent identity would be 90%. In another example, a 90 residue subject sequence is compared with a 100 residue query sequence. This time the deletions are internal deletions so there are no residues at the N- or C-termini of the subject sequence which are not matched/aligned with the query. In this case the percent identity calculated by FASTDB is not manually corrected. Once again, only residue positions outside the N- and C-terminal ends of the subject sequence, as displayed in the FASTDB alignment, which are not matched/aligned with the query sequnce are manually corrected for. No other manual corrections are to made for the purposes of the present invention.
[101] The polynucleotide variants of the invention may contain alterations in the coding regions, non-coding regions, or both. Especially preferred are polynucleotide variants containing alterations which produce silent substitutions, additions, or deletions, but do not alter the properties or activities of the encoded polypeptide. Nucleotide variants produced by silent substitutions due to the degeneracy of the genetic code are preferred.
Moreover, polypeptide variants in which less than 50, less than 40, less than 30, less than 20, less than 10, or 5-50, 5-25, 5-10, 1-5, or 1-2 amino acids are substituted, deleted, or added in any combination are also preferred. Polynucleotide variants can be produced for a variety of reasons, e.g., to optimize codon expression for a particular host (change codons in the human mRNA to those preferred by a bacterial host such as E. coli).
[102] Naturally occurring variants are called "allelic variants," and refer to one of several alternate forms of a gene occupying a given locus on a chromosome of an organism. (Genes II, Lewin, B., ed., John Wiley & Sons, New York (1985)). These allelic variants can vary at either the polynucleotide and/or polypeptide level and are included in the present invention.
Alternatively, non-naturally occurring variants may be produced by mutagenesis techniques or by direct synthesis.
[103] Using known methods of protein engineering and recombinant DNA
technology, variants may be generated to improve or alter the characteristics of the polypeptides of the present invention. For instance, one or more amino acids can be deleted from the N-terminus or C-terminus of the polypeptide of the present invention without substantial loss of biological function. As an example, Ron et al. (J. Biol. Chem. 268: 2984-2988 (1993)) reported variant KGF proteins having heparin binding activity even after deleting 3, 8, or 27 amino-terminal amino acid residues. Similarly, Interferon gamma exhibited up to ten times higher activity after deleting 8-10 amino acid residues from the carboxy terminus of this protein. (Dobeli et al., J. Biotechnology 7:199-216 (1988).) [104] Moreover, ample evidence demonstrates that variants often retain a biological activity similar to that of the naturally occurring protein. For example, Gayle and coworkers (J. Biol. Chem. 268:22105-22111 (1993)) conducted extensive mutational analysis of human cytokine IL-la. They used random mutagenesis to generate over 3,500 individual IL-la mutants that averaged 2.5 amino acid changes per variant over the entire length of the molecule. Multiple mutations were examined at every possible amino acid position. The investigators found that "[m]ost of the molecule could be altered with little effect on either [binding or biological activity]." In fact, only 23 unique amino acid sequences, out of more than 3,500 nucleotide sequences examined, produced a protein that significantly differed in activity from wild-type.
[105 Furthermore, even if deleting one or more amino acids from the N-terminus or C-terminus of a polypeptide results in modification or loss of one or more biological functions, other biological activities may still be retained. For example, the ability of a deletion variant to induce and/or to bind antibodies which recognize the secreted form will likely be retained when less than the majority of the residues of the secreted form are removed from the N-terminus or C-terminus. Whether a particular polypeptide lacking N- or C-terminal residues of a protein retains such immunogenic activities can readily be determined by routine methods described herein and otherwise known in the art.
[106] Thus, the invention further includes polypeptide variants which show a functional activity (e.g., biological activity) of the polypeptides of the invention.
Such variants include deletions, insertions, inversions, repeats, and substitutions selected according to general rules known in the art so as have little effect on activity.
[107J The present application is directed to nucleic acid molecules at least 80%, 85%, 90%, 95%, 96%, 97%, 98%, 99% or 100% identical to the nucleic acid sequences disclosed herein, (e.g., encoding a polypeptide having the amino acid sequence of an N
and/or C
terminal deletion), irrespective of whether they encode a polypeptide having functional activity. This is because even where a particular nucleic acid molecule does not encode a polypeptide having functional activity, one of skill in the art would still know how to use the nucleic acid molecule, for instance, as a hybridization probe or a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primer. Uses of the nucleic acid molecules of the present invention that do not encode a polypeptide having functional activity include, inter alia, (1) isolating a gene or allelic or splice variants thereof in a cDNA library; (2) in situ hybridization (e.g., "FISH") to metaphase chromosomal spreads to provide precise chromosomal location of the gene, as described in Verma et al., Human Chromosomes: A Manual of Basic Techniques, Pergamon Press, New York (1988); (3) Northern Blot analysis for detecting mRNA
expression in specific tissues (e.g., normal or diseased tissues); and (4) in situ hybridization (e.g., histochemistry) for detecting mRNA expression in specific tissues (e.g., normal or diseased tissues).
[108] Preferred, however, are nucleic acid molecules having sequences at least 80%, 85%, 90%, 95%, 96%, 97%, 98%, 99% or 100% identical to the nucleic acid sequences disclosed herein, which do, in fact, encode a polypeptide having functional activity. By a polypeptide having "functional activity" is meant, a polypeptide capable of displaying one or more known functional activities associated with a full-length (complete) protein of the invention. Such functional activities include, but are not limited to, biological activity, antigenicity [ability to bind (or compete with a polypeptide of the invention for binding) to an anti-polypeptide of the invention antibody], immunogenicity (ability to generate antibody which binds to a specific polypeptide of the invention), ability to form multimers with polypeptides of the invention, and ability to bind to a receptor or ligand for a polypeptide of the invention.
[109] The functional activity of the polypeptides, and fragments, variants and derivatives of the invention, can be assayed by various methods.
[110] For example, in one embodiment where one is assaying for the ability to bind or compete with a full-length polypeptide of the present invention for binding to an anti-polypetide antibody; various immunoassays known in the art can be used, including but not limited to, competitive and non-competitive assay systems using techniques such as radioimmunoassays, ELISA (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay), "sandwich"
immunoassays, immunoradiometric assays, gel diffusion precipitation reactions, immunodiffusion assays, in situ immunoassays (using colloidal gold, enzyme or radioisotope labels, for example), western blots, precipitation reactions, agglutination assays (e.g., gel agglutination assays, hemagglutination assays), complement fixation assays, immunofluorescence assays, protein A assays, and immunoelectrophoresis assays, etc. In one embodiment, antibody binding is detected by detecting a label on the primary antibody. In another embodiment, the primary antibody is detected by detecting binding of a secondary antibody or reagent to the primary antibody. In a further embodiment, the secondary antibody is labeled. Many means are known in the art for detecting binding in an immunoassay and are within the scope of the present invention.
[111 ] In another embodiment, where a ligand is identified, or the ability of a polypeptide fragment, variant or derivative of the invention to multimerize is being evaluated, binding can be assayed, e.g., by means well-known in the art, such as, for example, reducing and non-reducing gel chromatography, protein affinity chromatography, and affinity blotting. See generally, Phizicky et al., Microbiol. Rev. 59:94-123 (1995). In another embodiment, the ability of physiological correlates of a polypeptide of the present invention to bind to a substrates) of the polypeptide of the invention can be routinely assayed using techniques known in the art.
[112] In addition, assays described herein (see Examples) and otherwise known in the art may routinely be applied to measure the ability of polypeptides of the present invention and fragments, variants and derivatives thereof to elicit polypeptide related biological activity (either in vitro or in vivo). Other methods will be known to the skilled artisan and are within the scope of the invention.
(113] Of course, due to the degeneracy of the genetic code, one of ordinary skill in the art will immediately recognize that a large number of the nucleic acid molecules having a sequence at least 80%, 85%, 90%, 95%, 96%, 97%, 98%, 99%, or 100% identical to, for example, the nucleic acid sequence of the cDNA contained in Clone ID NO:Z, the nucleic acid sequence referred to in Table 1A (SEQ ID NO:X), the nucleic acid sequence disclosed in Table 2 (e.g,. the nucleic acid sequence delineated in columns 8 and 9) or fragments thereof, will encode polypeptides "having functional activity." In fact, since degenerate variants of any of these nucleotide sequences all encode the same polypeptide, in many instances, this will be clear to the skilled artisan even without performing the above described comparison assay. It will be further recognized in the art that, for such nucleic acid molecules that are not degenerate variants, a reasonable number will also encode a polypeptide having functional activity. This is because the skilled artisan is fully aware of amino acid substitutions that are either less likely or not likely to significantly effect protein function (e.g., replacing one aliphatic amino acid with a second aliphatic amino acid), as further described below.
[114] For example, guidance concerning how to make phenotypically silent amino acid substitutions is provided in Bowie et al., "Deciphering the Message in Protein Sequences:

Tolerance to Amino Acid Substitutions," Science 247:1306-1310 (1990), wherein the authors indicate that there are two main strategies for studying the tolerance of an amino acid sequence to change.
[115] The first strategy exploits the tolerance of amino acid substitutions by natural selection during the process of evolution. By comparing amino acid sequences in different species, conserved amino acids can be identified. These conserved amino acids are likely important for protein function. In contrast, the amino acid positions where substitutions have been tolerated by natural selection indicates that these positions are not critical for protein function. Thus, positions tolerating amino acid substitution could be modified while still maintaining biological activity of the protein.
[116J The second strategy uses genetic engineering to introduce amino acid changes at specific positions of a cloned gene to identify regions critical for protein function. For example, site directed mutagenesis or alanine-scanning mutagenesis (introduction of single alanine mutations at every residue in the molecule) can be used. See Cunningham and Wells, Science 244:1081-1085 (1989). The resulting mutant molecules can then be tested for biological activity.
[117] As the authors state, these two strategies have revealed that proteins are surprisingly tolerant of amino acid substitutions. The authors further indicate which amino acid changes are likely to be permissive at certain amino acid positions in the protein. For example, most buried (within the tertiary structure of the protein) amino acid residues require nonpolar side chains, whereas few features of surface side chains are generally conserved.
Moreover, tolerated conservative amino acid substitutions involve replacement of the aliphatic or hydrophobic amino acids Ala, Val, Leu and Ile; replacement of the hydroxyl residues Ser and Thr; replacement of the acidic residues Asp and Glu;
replacement of the amide residues Asn and Gln, replacement of the basic residues Lys, Arg, and His;
replacement of the aromatic residues Phe, Tyr, and Trp, and replacement of the small-sized amino acids Ala, Ser, Thr, Met, and Gly. Besides conservative amino acid substitution, variants of the present invention include (i) substitutions with one or more of the non-conserved amino acid residues, where the substituted amino acid residues may or may not be one encoded by the genetic code, or (ii) substitutions with one or more of the amino acid residues having a substituent group, or (iii) fusion of the mature polypeptide with another compound, such as a compound to increase the stability and/or solubility of the polypeptide (for example, polyethylene glycol), (iv) fusion of the polypeptide with additional amino acids, such as, for example, an IgG Fc fusion region peptide, serum albumin (preferably human serum albumin) or a fragment thereof, or leader or secretory sequence, or a sequence facilitating purification, or (v) fusion of the polypeptide with another compound, such as albumin (including but not limited to recombinant albumin (see, e.g., U.S.
Patent No.
5,876,969, issued March 2, 1999, EP Patent 0 413 622, and U.S. Patent No.
5,766,883, issued June 16, 1998, herein incorporated by reference in their entirety)). Such variant polypeptides are deemed to be within the scope of those.skilled in the art from the teachings herein.
[118] For example, polypeptide variants containing amino acid substitutions of charged amino acids with other charged or neutral amino acids may produce proteins with improved characteristics, such as less aggregation. Aggregation of pharmaceutical formulations both reduces activity and increases clearance due to the aggregate's immunogenic activity. See Pinckard et al., Clin. Exp. Immunol. 2:331-340 (1967); Robbins et al., Diabetes 36: 838-845 (1987); Cleland et al., Crit. Rev. Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems 10:307-377 (1993).
[119] A further embodiment of the invention relates to polypeptides which comprise the amino acid sequence of a polypeptide having an amino acid sequence which contains at least one amino acid substitution, but not more than 50 amino acid substitutions, even more preferably, not more than 40 amino acid substitutions, still more preferably, not more than 30 amino acid substitutions, and still even more preferably, not more than 20 amino acid substitutions from a polypeptide sequence disclosed herein. Of course it is highly preferable for a polypeptide to have an amino acid sequence which comprises the amino acid sequence of a polypeptide of SEQ ID NO:Y, an amino acid sequence encoded by SEQ ID
NO:X, an amino acid sequence encoded by the portion of SEQ 1D NO:X as defined in columnns 8 and 9 of Table 2, an amino acid sequence encoded by the complement of SEQ ID NO:X, and/or an amino acid sequence encoded by eDNA contained in Clone >D NO:Z which contains, in order of ever-increasing preference, at least one, but not more than 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2 or 1 amino acid substitutions.
[120] In specific embodiments, the polypeptides of the invention comprise, or alternatively, consist of, fragments or variants of a reference amino acid sequence selected from: (a) the amino acid sequence of SEQ )D NO:Y or fragments thereof (e.g., the mature form and/or other fragments described herein); (b) the amino acid sequence encoded by SEQ
>D NO:X or fragments thereof; (c) the amino acid sequence encoded by the complement of SEQ )T7 NO:X or fragments thereof; (d) the amino acid sequence encoded by the portion of SEQ ID NO:X as defined in columns 8 and 9 of Table 2 or fragments thereof; and (e) the amino acid sequence encoded by cDNA contained in Clone >D NO:Z or fragments thereof;
wherein the fragments or variants have 1-S, S-10, S-2S, S-S0, 10-SO or SO-150, amino acid residue additions, substitutions, and/or deletions when compared to the reference amino acid sequence. In preferred embodiments, the amino acid substitutions are conservative.
Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
Polynucleotide and Polvpeptide Fragments [121] The present invention is also directed to polynucleotide fragments of the polynucleotides (nucleic acids) of the invention. In the present invention, a "polynucleotide fragment" refers to a polynucleotide having a nucleic acid sequence which, for example: is a portion of the cDNA contained in Clone >D NO:Z or the complementary strand thereto; is a portion of the polynucleotide sequence encoding the polypeptide encoded by the cDNA
contained in Clone ID NO:Z or the complementary strand thereto; is a portion of a polynucleotide sequence encoding the amino acid sequence encoded by the region of SEQ >D
NO:X as defined in columns 8 and 9 of Table 2 or the complementary strand thereto; is a portion of the polynucleotide sequence of SEQ >D NO:X as defined in columns 8 and 9 of Table 2 or the complementary strand thereto; is a portion of the polynucleotide sequence in SEQ >D NO:X or the complementary strand thereto; is a polynucleotide sequence encoding a portion of the polypeptide of SEQ ID NO:Y; is a polynucleotide sequence encoding a portion of a polypeptide encoded by SEQ >D NO:X; is a polynucleotide sequence encoding a portion of a polypeptide encoded by the complement of the polynucleotide sequence in SEQ >D
NO:X; is a portion of a polynucleotide sequence encoding the amino acid sequence encoded by the region of SEQ 1D NO:B as defined in column 6 of Table 1B or the complementary strand thereto; or is a portion of the polynucleotide sequence of SEQ m NO:B
as defined in column 6 of Table 1 B or the complementary strand thereto.
[122] The polynucleotide fragments of the invention are preferably at least about 1S nt, and more preferably at least about 20 nt, still more preferably at least about 30 nt, and even more preferably, at least about 40 nt, at least about 50 nt, at least about 7S
nt, or at least about 1 SO nt in length. A fragment "at least 20 nt in length," for example, is intended to include 20 or more contiguous bases from the cDNA sequence contained in Clone >D NO:Z, or the nucleotide sequence shown in SEQ 117 NO:X or the complementary stand thereto.
In this context "about" includes the particularly recited value or a value larger or smaller by several (5, 4, 3, 2, or 1 ) nucleotides, at either terminus or at both termini. These nucleotide flragments have uses that include, but are not limited to, as diagnostic probes and primers as discussed herein. Of course, larger fragments (e.g., at least 160, 170, 180, 190, 200, 250, 500, 600, 1000, or 2000 nucleotides in length ) are also encompassed by the invention.
[123] Moreover, representative examples of polynucleotide fragments of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, a sequence from about nucleotide number 1-50, 51-100, 101-150, 151-200, 201-250, 251-300, 301-350, 351-400, 401-450, 451-500, 501-550, 551-600, 601-650, 651-700, 701-750, 751-800, 801-850, 851-900, 901-950, 951-1000, 1050, 1051-1100, 1101-1150, 1151-1200, 1201-1250, 1251-1300, 1301-1350, 1351-1400, 1401-1450, 1451-1500, 1501-1550, 1551-1600, 1601-1650, 1651-1700, 1701-1750, 1800, 1801-1850, 1851-1900, 1901-1950, 1951-2000, 2001-2050, 2051-2100, 2101-2150, 2151-2200, 2201-2250, 2251-2300, 2301-2350, 2351-2400, 2401-2450, 2451-2500, 2550, 2551-2600, 2601-2650, 2651-2700, 2701-2750, 2751-2800, 2801-2850, 2851-2900, 2901-2950, 2951-3000, 3001-3050, 3051-3100, 3101-3150, 3151-3200, 3201-3250, 3300, 3301-3350, 3351-3400, 3401-3450, 3451-3500, 3501-3550, 3551-3600, 3601-3650, 3651-3700, 3701-3750, 3751-3800, 3801-3850, 3851-3900, 3901-3950, 3951-4000, 4050, 4051-4100, 4101-4150, 4151-4200, 4201-4250, 4251-4300, 4301-4350, 4351-4400, 4401-4450, 4451-4500, 4501-4550, 4551-4600, 4601-4650, 4651-4700, 4701-4750, 4800, 4801-4850, 4851-4900, 4901-4950, 4951-5000, 5001-5050, 5051-5100, 5101-5150, 5151-5200, 5201-5250, 5251-5300, 5301-5350, 5351-5400, 5401-5450, 5451-5500, 5550, 5551-5600, 5601-5650, 5651-5700, 5701-5750, 5751-5800, 5801-5850, 5851-5900, 5901-5950, 5951-6000, 6001-6050, ,6051-6100, 6101-6150, 6151-6200, 6201-6250, 6300, 6301-6350, 6351-6400, 6401-6450, 6451-6500, 6501-6550, 6551-6600, 6601-6650, 6651-6700, 6701-6750, 6751-6800, 6801-6850, 6851-6900, 6901-6950, 6951-7000, 7050, 7051-7100, 7101-7150, 7151-7200, 7201-7250, 7251-7300 or 7301 to the end of SEQ
>D NO:X, or the complementary strand thereto. In this context "about" includes the particularly recited range or a range larger or smaller by several (5, 4, 3, 2, or 1) nucleotides, at either terminus or at both termini. Preferably, these fragments encode a polypeptide which has a functional activity (e.g., biological activity). More preferably, these polynucleotides can be used as probes or primers as discussed herein. Polynucleotides which hybridize to one or more of these polynucleotides under stringent hybridization conditions or alternatively, under lower stringency conditions are also encompassed by the invention, as are polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides.

[124] Further representative examples of polynucleotide fragments of the invention Comprise, or alternatively consist of, a sequence from about nucleotide number 1-50, 51-100, 101-150, 151-200, 201-250, 251-300, 301-350, 351-400, 401-450, 451-500, 501-550, 551-600, 601-650, 651-700, 701-750, 751-800, 801-850, 851-900, 901-950, 951-1000, 1050, 1051-1100, 1101-1150, 1151-1200, 1201-1250, 1251-1300, 1301-1350, 1351-1400, 1401-1450, 1451-1500, 1501-1550, 1551-1600, 1601-1650, 1651-1700, 1701-1750, 1800, 1801-1850, 1851-1900, 1901-1950, 1951-2000, 2001-2050, 2051-2100, 2101-2150, 2151-2200, 2201-2250, 2251-2300, 2301-2350, 2351-2400, 2401-2450, 2451-2500, 2550, 2551-2600, 2601-2650, 2651-2700, 2701-2750, 2751-2800, 2801-2850, 2851-2900, 2901-2950, 2951-3000, 3001-3050, 3051-3100, 3101-3150, 3151-3200, 3201-3250, 3300, 3301-3350, 3351-3400, 3401-3450, 3451-3500, 3501-3550, 3551-3600, 3601-3650, 3651-3700, 3701-3750, 3751-3800, 3801-3850, 3851-3900, 3901-3950, 3951-4000, 4050, 4051-4100, 4101-4150, 4151-4200, 4201-4250, 4251-4300, 4301-4350, 4351-4400, 4401-4450, 4451-4500, 4501-4550, 4551-4600, 4601-4650, 4651-4700, 4701-4750, 4800, 4801-4850, 4851-4900, 4901-4950, 4951-5000, 5001-5050, 5051-5100, 5101-515.0, 5151-5200, 5201-5250, 5251-5300, 5301-5350, 5351-5400, 5401-5450, 5451-5500, 5550, 5551-5600, 5601-5650, 5651-5700, 5701-5750, 5751-5800, 5801-5850, 5851-5900, 5901-5950, 5951-6000, 6001-6050, 6051-6100, 6101-6150, 6151-6200, 6201-6250, 6300, 6301-6350, 6351-6400, 6401-6450, 6451-6500, 6501-6550, 6551-6600, 6601-6650, 6651-6700, 6701-6750, 6751-6800, 6801-6850, 6851-6900, 6901-6950, 6951-7000, 7050, 7051-7100, 7101-7150, 7151-7200, 7201-7250, 7251-7300 or 7301 to the end of the cDNA sequence contained in Clone >D NO:Z, or the complementary strand thereto.
In this context "about" includes the particularly recited range or a range larger or smaller by several (5, 4, 3, 2, or 1) nucleotides, at either terminus or at both termini.
Preferably, these fragments encode a polypeptide which has a functional activity (e.g., biological activity). More preferably, these polynucleotides can be used as probes or primers as discussed herein.
Polynucleotides which hybridize to one or more of these polynucleotides under stringent hybridization conditions or alternatively, under lower stringency conditions are also encompassed by the invention, as are polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides.
[125] Moreover, representative examples of polynucleotide fragments of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, a nucleic acid sequence comprising one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, or more of the above described polynucleotide fragments of the invention in combination with a polynucleotide sequence delineated in Table 1B column 6. Additional, representative examples of polynucleotide fragments of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, a nucleic acid sequence comprising one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, or more of the above described polynucleotide fragments of the invention in combination with a polynucleotide sequence that is the complementary strand of a sequence delineated in column 6 of Table 1B. In further embodiments, the above-described polynucleotide fragments of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, sequences delineated in Table 1B, column 6, and have a nucleic acid sequence which is different from that of the BAC fragment having the sequence disclosed in SEQ >D NO:B (see Table 1 B, column 5). In additional embodiments, the above-described polynucleotide fragments of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, sequences delineated in Table 1B, column 6, and have a nucleic acid sequence which is different from that published for the BAC clone identified as BAC >D NO:A (see Table 1B, column 4). In additional embodiments, the above-described polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of; sequences delineated Table 1B, column 6, and have a nucleic acid sequence which is different from that contained in the BAC clone identified as BAC ID
NO:A (see Table 1 B, column 4). Polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides, other polynucleotides that encode these polypeptides, and antibodies that bind these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. Additionally, fragments and variants of the above-described polynucleotides and polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
[126] In additional specific embodiments, polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, or more fragments of the sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B, and the polynucleotide sequence of SEQ ID NO:X (e.g., as defined in Table 1B, column 2) or fragments or variants thereof. Polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides, other polynucleotides that encode these polypeptides, and antibodies that bind these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
[127J In additional specific embodiments, polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, or more fragments of the sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B which correspond to the same Clone ID NO:Z (see Table 1B, column 1), and the polynucleotide sequence of SEQ
1!D NO:X
(e.g., as defined in Table 1A or 1B) or fragments or variants thereof.
Polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides, other polynucleotides that encode these polypeptides, and antibodies that bind these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[128] In further specific embodiments, polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, or more fragments of the sequences delineated in the same row of column 6 of Table 1B, and the polynucleotide sequence of SEQ >D NO:X (e.g., as defined in Table 1A or 1B) or fragments or variants thereof. Polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides, other polynucleotides that encode these polypeptides, and antibodies that bind these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
[129] In additional specific embodiments, polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of a polynucleotide sequence in which the 3' 10 polynucleotides of one of the sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B and the 5' 10 polynucleotides of the sequence of~ SEQ ID NO:X are directly contiguous. Nucleic acids which hybridize to the complement of these 20 contiguous polynucleotides under stringent hybridization conditions or alternatively, under lower stringency conditions, are also encompassed by the invention.
Polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides and/or nucleic acids, other polynucleotides and/or nucleic acids that encode these polypeptides, and antibodies that bind these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. Additionally, fragments and variants of the above-described polynucleotides, nucleic acids, and polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
[130) In additional specific embodiments, polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of a polynucleotide sequence in which the 3' 10 polynucleotides of one of the sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B and the 5' 10 polynucleotides of a fragment or variant of the sequence of SEQ >D NO:X (e.g., as described herein) are directly contiguous Nucleic acids which hybridize to the complement of these 20 contiguous polynucleotides under stringent hybridization conditions or alternatively, under lower stringency conditions, are also encompassed by the invention. Polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides and/or nucleic acids, other polynucleotides and/or nucleic acids encoding these polypeptides, and antibodies that bind these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. Additionally, fragments and variants of the above-described polynucleotides, nucleic acids, and polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
[131] In further specific embodiments, polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of a polynucleotide sequence in which the 3' 10 polynucleotides of a fragment or variant of the sequence of SEQ >l7 NO:X and the S' 10 polynucleotides of the sequence of one of the sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B are directly contiguous.

Nucleic acids which hybridize to the complement of these 20 contiguous polynucleotides under stringent hybridization conditions or alternatively, under lower stringency conditions, are also encompassed by the invention. Polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides and/or nucleic acids, other polynucleotides and/or nucleic acids encoding these polypeptides, and antibodies that bind these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
Additionally, fragments and variants of the above-described polynucleotides, nucleic acids, and polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
[132] In specific embodiments, polynucleotides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of a polynucleotide sequence in which the 3' 10 polynucleotides of one of the sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B and the 5' 10 polynucleotides of another sequence in column 6 are directly contiguous. In preferred embodiments, the 3' polynucleotides of one of the sequences delineated in column 6 of Table 1B is directly contiguous with the 5' 10 polynucleotides of the next sequential exon delineated in Table 1B, column 6. Nucleic acids which hybridize to the complement of these 20 contiguous polynucleotides under stringent hybridization conditions or alternatively, under lower stringency conditions, are also encompassed by the invention. Polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides and/or nucleic acids, other polynucleotides and/or nucleic acids encoding these polypeptides, and antibodies that bind these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. Additionally, fragments and variants of the above-described polynucleotides, nucleic acids, and polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
[133] In the present invention, a "polypeptide fragment" refers to an amino .acid sequence which is a portion of that contained in SEQ >D NO:Y, a portion of an amino acid sequence encoded by the portion of SEQ >D NO:X as defined in columnns 8 and 9 of Table 2, a portion of an amino acid sequence encoded by the polynucleotide sequence of SEQ m NO:X, a portion of an amino acid sequence encoded by the complement of the polynucleotide sequence in SEQ m NO:X, and/or a portion of an amino acid sequence encoded by the cDNA contained in Clone >D NO:Z. Protein (polypeptide) fragments may be "free-standing," or comprised within a larger polypeptide of which the fragment forms a part or region, most preferably as a single continuous region. Representative examples of polypeptide fragments of the invention, include, for example, fragments comprising, or alternatively consisting of, from about amino acid number 1-20, 21-40, 41-60, 61-80, 81-100, 101-120, 121-140, 141-160, 161-180, 181-200, 201-220, 221-240, 241-260, 261-280, 281-300, 301-320, 321-340, 341-360, 361-380, 381-400, 401-420, 421-440, 441-460, 461-480, 481-500, 501-520, 521-540. 541-560, 561-580, 581-600, 601-620, 621-640, 641-660, 661-680, 681-700, 701-720, 721-740, 741-760, 761-780, 781-800, 801-820, 821-840, 841-860, 861-880, 881-900, 901-920, 921-940, 941-960, 961-980, 981-1000, 1001-1020, 1021-1040, 1041-1060, 1061-1080, 1081-1100, 1101-1120, 1121-1140, 1141-1160, 1161-1180, 1200, 1201-1220, 1221-1240, 1241-1260, 1261-1280, 1281-1300, 1301-1320, 1321-1340, 1341-1360, 1361-1380, 1381-1400, 1401-1420, 1421-1440, or 1441 to the end of the coding region of cDNA and SEQ ID NO: Y. In a preferred embodiment, polypeptide fragments of the invention include, for example, fragments comprising, or alternatively consisting of, from about amino acid number 1-20, 21-40, 41-60, 61-80, 81-100, 101-120, 121-140, 141-160, 161-180, 181-200, 201-220, 221-240, 241-260, 261-280, 281-300, 301-320, 321-340, 341-360, 361-380, 381-400, 401-420, 421-440, 441-460, 461-480, 481-500, 501-520, 521-540, 541-560, 561-580, 581-600, 601-620, 621-640, 641-660, 661-680, 681-700, 701-720, 721-740, 741-760, 761-780, 781-800, 801-820, 821-840, 841-860, 861-880, 881-900, 901-920, 921-940, 941-960, 961-980, 981-1000, 1001-1020, 1021-1040, 1041-1060, 1061-1080, 1081-1100, 1101-1120, 1121-1140, 1141-1160, 1161-1180, 1181-1200, 1201-1220, 1221-1240, 1241-1260, 1261-1280, 1281-1300, 1301-1320, 1321-1340, 1341-1360, 1361-1380, 1400, 1401-1420, 1421-1440, or 1441 to the end of the coding region of SEQ ID
NO:Y.
Moreover, polypeptide fragments of the invention may be at least about 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 55, 60, 65, 70, 75, 80, 85, 90, 100, 110, 120, 130, 140, or 150 amino acids in length. In this context "about" includes the particularly recited ranges or values, or ranges or values larger or smaller by several (5, 4, 3, 2, or 1) amino acids, at either extreme or at both extremes. Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptide fragments are also encompassed by the invention.
[134] Even if deletion of one or more amino acids from the N-terminus of a protein results in modification of loss of one or more biological functions of the protein, other functional activities (e.g., biological activities, ability to multimerize, ability to bind a ligand) may still be retained. For example, the ability of shortened muteins to induce and/or bind to antibodies which recognize the complete or mature forms of the polypeptides generally will be retained when less than the majority of the residues of the complete or mature polypeptide are removed from the N-terminus. Whether a particular polypeptide lacking N-terminal residues of a complete polypeptide retains such immunologic activities can readily be determined by routine methods described herein and otherwise known in the art.
It is not unlikely that a mutein with a large number of deleted N-terminal amino acid residues may retain some biological or immunogenic activities. In fact, peptides composed of as few as six amino acid residues may often evoke an immune response.
[135] Accordingly, polypeptide fragments include the secreted protein as well as the mature form. Further preferred polypeptide fragments include the secreted protein or the mature form having a continuous series of deleted residues from the amino or the carboxy terminus, or both. For example, any number of amino acids, ranging from 1-60, can be deleted from the amino terminus of either the secreted polypeptide or the mature form.
Similarly, any number of amino acids, ranging from 1-30, can be deleted from the carboxy terminus of the secreted protein or mature form. Furthermore, any combination of the above amino and carboxy terminus deletions are preferred. Similarly, polynucleotides encoding these polypeptide fragments are also preferred.
[136] The present invention further provides polypeptides having one or more residues deleted from the amino terminus of the amino acid sequence of a polypeptide disclosed herein (e.g., a polypeptide of SEQ ID NO:Y, a polypeptide encoded by the polynucleotide sequence contained in SEQ ID NO:X or the complement thereof, a polypeptide encoded by the portion of SEQ ID NO:X as defined in columns 8 and 9 of Table 2, a polypeptide encoded by the portion of SEQ ID NO:B as defined in column 6 of Table 1B, and/or a polypeptide encoded by the cDNA contained in Clone ID NO:Z). In particular, N-terminal deletions may be described by the general formula m-q, where q is a whole integer representing the total number of amino acid residues in a polypeptide of the invention (e.g., the polypeptide disclosed in SEQ ID NO:Y, or the polypeptide encoded by the portion of SEQ 117 NO:X as defined in columns 8 and 9 of Table 2), and m is defined as any integer ranging from 2 to q-6. Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
[137] The present invention further provides polypeptides having one or more residues from the carboxy terminus of the amino acid sequence of a polypeptide disclosed herein (e.g., a polypeptide of SEQ ID NO:Y, a polypeptide encoded by the polynucleotide sequence contained in SEQ ID NO:X, a polypeptide encoded by the portion of SEQ ID NO:X
as defined in columns 8 and 9 of Table 2, and/or a polypeptide encoded by the cDNA contained in Clone >D NO:Z). In particular, C-terminal deletions may be described by the general formula I-n, where n is any whole integer ranging from 6 to q-I, and where n corresponds to the position of amino acid residue in a polypeptide of -the invention.
Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[138] In addition, any of the above described N- or C-terminal deletions can be trombined to produce a N- and C-terminal deleted polypeptide. The invention also provides polypeptides having one or more amino acids deleted from both the amino and the carboxyl termini, which may be described generally as having residues m-n of a polypeptide encoded by SEQ ID NO:X (e.g., including, but not limited to, the preferred polypeptide disclosed as SEQ ID NO:Y and the polypeptide encoded by the portion of SEQ >Z7 NO:X as defined in columns 8 and 9 of Table 2), the cDNA contained in Clone >D NO:Z, and/or the complement thereof, where n and m are integers as described above. Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
[139] ~ Also as mentioned above, even if deletion of one or more amino acids from the C-terminus of a protein results in modification of loss of one or more biological functions of the protein, other functional activities (e.g., biological activities, ability to multimerize, ability to bind a ligand) may still be retained. For example the ability of the shortened mutein to induce and/or bind to antibodies which recognize the complete or mature forms of the polypeptide generally will be retained when less than the majority of the residues of the complete or mature polypeptide are removed from the C-terminus. Whether a particular polypeptide lacking C-terminal residues of a complete polypeptide retains such immunologic activities can readily be determined by routine methods described herein and otherwise known in the art. It is not unlikely that a mutein with a large number of deleted C-terminal amino acid residues may retain some biological or immunogenic activities. In fact, peptides .
composed of as few as six amino acid residues may often evoke an immune response.
[140] The present application is also directed to proteins containing polypeptides at least 80%, 85%, 90%, 95%, 96%, 97%, 98% or 99% identical to a polypeptide sequence set forth herein. In preferred embodiments, the application is directed to proteins containing polypeptides at least 80%, 85%, 90%, 95%, 96%, 97%, 98% or 99% identical to polypeptides having the amino acid sequence of the specific N- and C-terminal deletions.
Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
[141], Any polypeptide sequence encoded by, for example, the polynucleotide sequences set forth as SEQ 1D NO:X or the complement thereof, (presented, for example, in Tables 1A
and 2), the cDNA contained in Clone ID NO:Z, or the polynucleotide sequence as defined in column 6 of Table 1 B, may be analyzed to determine certain preferred regions of the polypeptide. For example, the amino acid sequence of a polypeptide encoded by a polynucleotide sequence of SEQ ID NO:X (e.g., the polypeptide of SEQ >D NO:Y
and the polypeptide encoded by the portion of SEQ ID NO:X as defined in columnns 8 and 9 of Fable 2) or the cDNA contained in Clone ID NO:Z may be analyzed using the default parameters of the DNASTAR computer algorithm (DNASTAR, Inc., 1228 S. Park St., Madison, WI 53715 USA; http://www.dnastar.com/).
[142] Polypeptide regions that may be routinely obtained using the DNASTAR
computer algorithm include, but are not limited to, Gamier-Robson alpha-regions, beta-regions, turn-regions, and coil-regions; Chou-Fasman alpha-regions, beta-regions, and turn-regions;
Kyte-Doolittle hydrophilic regions and hydrophobic regions; Eisenberg alpha-and beta-amphipathic regions; Karplus-Schulz flexible regions; Emini surface-forming regions;
and Jameson-Wolf regions of high antigenic index. Among highly preferred polynucleotides of the invention in this regard are those that encode polypeptides comprising regions that combine several structural features, such as several (e.g., l, 2, 3 or 4) of the features set out above.
[143] Additionally, Kyte-Doolittle hydrophilic regions and hydrophobic regions, Emini surface-forming regions, and Jameson-Wolf regions of high antigenic index (i.e., containing four or more contiguous amino acids having an antigenic index of greater than or equal to 1.5, as identified using the default parameters of the Jameson-Wolf program) can routinely be used to determine polypeptide regions that exhibit a high degree of potential for antigenicity.
Regions of high antigenicity are determined from data by DNASTAR analysis by choosing values which represent regions of the polypeptide which are likely to be exposed on the surface of the polypeptide in an environment in which antigen recognition may occur in the process of initiation of an immune response.
[144] Preferred polypeptide fragments of the invention are fragments comprising, or alternatively, consisting of, an amino acid sequence that displays a functional activity (e.g.
biological activity) of the polypeptide sequence of which the amino acid sequence is a fragment. By a polypeptide displaying a "functional activity" is meant a polypeptide capable of one or more known functional activities associated with a full-length protein, such as, for example, biological activity, antigenicity, immunogenicity, and/or multimerization, as described herein.
[145] Other preferred polypeptide fragments are biologically active fragments.
Biologically active fragments are those exhibiting activity similar, but not necessarily identical,.to an activity of the polypeptide of the present invention. The biological activity of the fragments may include an improved desired activity, or a decreased undesirable activity.

[146] In preferred embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise, or alternatively consist of, one, two, three, four, five or more of the antigenic fragments of the polypeptide of SEQ )D NO:Y, or portions thereof. Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.
[147] The present invention encompasses polypeptides comprising, or alternatively consisting of, an epitope of: the polypeptide sequence shown in SEQ m NO:Y; a polypeptide sequence encoded by SEQ ID NO:X or the complementary strand thereto; the polypeptide sequence encoded by the portion of SEQ >D NO:X as defined in columns 8 and 9 of Table 2;
the polypeptide sequence encoded by the portion of SEQ m NO:B as defined in column 6 of Table 1B or the complement thereto; the polypeptide sequence encoded by the eDNA
contained in Clone ID NO:Z; or the polypeptide sequence encoded by a polynucleotide that hybridizes to the sequence of SEQ ID NO:X, the complement of the sequence of NO:X, the complement of a portion of SEQ >D NO:X as defined in columns 8 and 9 of Table 2, or the cDNA sequence contained in Clone 1D NO:Z under stringent .hybridization conditions or alternatively, under lower stringency hybridization as defined supra. The present invention further encompasses polynucleotide sequences encoding an epitope of a polypeptide sequence o f the invention (such as, for example, the sequence disclosed in SEQ
)D NO:X, or a fragment thereof), polynucleotide sequences of the complementary strand of a polynucleotide sequence encoding an epitope of the invention, and polynucleotide sequences which hybridize to the complementary strand under stringent hybridization conditions or alternatively, under lower stringency hybridization conditions defined supra.
[148] The term "epitopes," as used herein, refers to portions of a polypeptide having antigenic or immunogenic activity in an animal, preferably a mammal, and most preferably in a human. In a preferred embodiment, the present invention encompasses a polypeptide comprising an epitope, as well as the polynucleotide encoding this polypeptide. An "immunogenic epitope," as used herein, is defined as a portion of a protein that elicits an antibody response in an animal, as determined by any method known in the art, for example, by the methods for generating antibodies described infra. (See, for example, Geysen et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 81:3998- 4002 (1983)). The term "antigenic epitope," as used herein, is defined as a portion of a protein to which an antibody can immunospecifically bind its antigen as determined by any method well known in the art, for example, by the immunoassays described herein. Immunospecific binding excludes non-specific binding but does not necessarily exclude cross- reactivity with other antigens. Antigenic epitopes need hot necessarily be immunogenic.
(149] Fragments which function as epitopes may be produced by any conventional means. (See, e.g., Houghten, R. A., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 82:5131-5135 (1985) further described in U.S. Patent No. 4,631,211.) [150] In the present invention, antigenic epitopes preferably contain a sequence of at least 4, at least 5, at least 6, at least 7, more preferably at least 8, at least 9, at least 10, at least 11, at least 12, at least 13, at least 14, at least 1 S, at least 20, at least 25, at least 30, at least 40, at least 50, and, most preferably, between about 15 to about 30 amino acids. Preferred polypeptides comprising immunogenic or antigenic epitopes are at least 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 55, 60, 65, 70, 75, 80, 85, 90, 95, or 100 amino acid residues in length.
Additional non-exclusive preferred antigenic epitopes include the antigenic epitopes disclosed herein, as well as portions thereof. Antigenic epitopes are useful, for example, to raise antibodies, including monoclonal antibodies, that specifically bind the epitope.
Preferred antigenic epitopes include the antigenic epitopes disclosed herein, as well as any combination of two, three, four, five or more of these antigenic epitopes.
Antigenic epitopes can be used as the target molecules in immunoassays. (See, for instance, Wilson et al., Cell 37:767-778 (1984); Sutcliffe et al., Science 219:660-666 (1983)).
[151] Non-limiting examples of epitopes of polypeptides that can be used to generate antibodies of the invention include a polypeptide comprising, or alternatively consisting of, at least one, two, three, four, five, six or more of the portions) of SEQ m NO:Y specified in column 7 of Table 1 A. These polypeptide fragments have been determined to bear antigenic epitopes of the proteins of the invention by the analysis of the Jameson-Wolf antigenic index which is included in the DNAStar suite of computer programs. By "comprise" it is intended that a polypeptide contains at least one, two, three, four, five, six or more of the portions) of SEQ >D NO:Y shown in column 7 of Table 1A, but it may contain additional flanking residues on either the amino or carboxyl termini of the recited portion. Such additional flanking sequences are preferably sequences naturally found adjacent to the portion; i.e., contiguous sequence shown in SEQ >D NO:Y. The flanking sequence may, however, be sequences from a heterolgous polypeptide, such as from another protein described herein or from a heterologous polypeptide not described herein. In particular embodiments, epitope portions of a polypeptide of the invention comprise one, two, three, or more of the portions of SEQ >D NO:Y shown in column 7 of Table 1A.

[152] Similarly, immunogenic epitopes can be used, for example, to induce antibodies according to methods well known in the art. See, for instance, Sutcliffe et al., supra; Wilson et al., supra; Chow et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 82:910-914; and Bittle et al., J. Gen.
Virol. 66:2347-2354 (1985). Preferred immunogenic epitopes include the immunogenic epitopes disclosed herein, as well as any combination of two, three, four, five or more of these immunogenic epitopes. The polypeptides comprising one or more immunogenic epitopes may be presented for eliciting an antibody response together with a carrier protein, such as an albumin, to an animal system (such as rabbit or mouse), or, if the polypeptide is of sufficient length (at least about 25 amino acids), the polypeptide may be presented without a carrier. However, immunogenic epitopes comprising as few as 8 to 10 amino acids have been shown to be sufficient to raise antibodies capable of binding to, at the very least, linear epitopes in a denatured polypeptide (e.g., in Western blotting).
[153] Epitope-bearing polypeptides of the present invention may be used to induce antibodies according to methods well known in the art including, but not limited to, in vivo immunization, in vitro immunization, and phage display methods. See, e.g., Sutcliffe et al., supra; Wilson et al., supra, and Bittle et al., J. Gen. Virol., 66:2347-2354 (1985). If in vivo immunization is used, animals may be immunized with free peptide; however, anti-peptide antibody titer may be boosted by coupling the peptide to a macromolecular earner, such as keyhole limpet hemacyanin (KLH) or tetanus toxoid. For instance, peptides containing cysteine residues may be coupled to a carrier using a linker such as maleimidobenzoyl- N-hydroxysuccinimide ester (MBS), while other peptides may be coupled to earners using a more general linking agent such as glutaraldehyde. Animals such as rabbits, rats and mice are immunized with either free or earner- coupled peptides, for instance, by intraperitoneal and/or intradermal injection of emulsions containing about 100 pg of peptide or carrier protein and Freund's adjuvant or any other adjuvant known for stimulating an immune response. Several booster injections may be needed, for instance, at intervals of about two weeks, to provide a useful titer of anti-peptide antibody which can be detected, for example, by ELISA assay using free peptide adsorbed to a solid surface. The titer of anti-peptide antibodies in serum from an immunized animal may be increased by selection of anti-peptide antibodies, for instance, by adsorption to the peptide on a solid support and elution of the selected antibodies according to methods well known in the art.
[154] As one of skill in the art will appreciate, and as discussed above, the polypeptides of the present invention (e.g., those comprising an immunogenic or antigenic epitope) can be fused to heterologous polypeptide sequences. For example, polypeptides of the present invention (including fragments or variants thereof), may be fused with the constant domain of immunoglobulins (IgA, IgE, IgG, IgM), or portions thereof (CH1, CH2, CH3, or any combination thereof and portions thereof, resulting in chimeric polypeptides.
By way of another non-limiting example, polypeptides and/or antibodies of the present invention (including fragments or variants thereof) may be fused with albumin (including but not limited to recombinant human serum albumin or fragments or variants thereof (see, e.g., U.S.
Patent No. 5,876,969, issued March 2, 1999, EP Patent 0 413 622, and U.S.
Patent No.
5,766,883, issued June 16, 1998, herein incorporated by reference in their entirety)). In a preferred embodiment, polypeptides and/or antibodies of the present invention (including fragments or variants thereof) are fused with the mature form of human serum albumin (i.e., amino acids 1 - 585 of human serum albumin as shown in Figures 1 and 2 of EP
Patent 0 322 094) which is herein incorporated by reference in its entirety. In another preferred embodiment, polypeptides and/or antibodies of the present invention (including fragments or variants thereof) are fused with polypeptide fragments comprising, or alternatively consisting of, amino acid residues 1-z of human serum albumin, where z is an integer from 369 to 419, as described in U.S. Patent 5,766,883 herein incorporated by reference in .its entirety.
Polypeptides and/or antibodies of the present invention (including fragments or variants thereof) may be fused to either the N- or C-terminal end of the heterologous protein (e.g., immunoglobulin Fc polypeptide or human serum albumin polypeptide).
Polynucleotides encoding fusion proteins of the invention are also encompassed by the invention.
[155] Such fusion proteins as those described above may facilitate purification and may increase half life in vivo. This has been shown for chimeric proteins consisting of the first two domains of the human CD4-polypeptide and various domains of the constant regions of the heavy or light chains of mammalian immunoglobulins. See, e.g., EP 394,827;
Traunecker et al., Nature, 331:84-86 (1988). Enhanced delivery of an antigen across the epithelial barrier to the immune system has been demonstrated for antigens (e.g., insulin) conjugated to an FcRn binding partner such as IgG or Fc fragments (see, e.g., PCT
Publications WO 96/22024 and WO 99/04813). IgG fusion proteins that have a disulfide-linked dimeric structure due to the IgG portion desulfide bonds have also been found to be more efficient in binding and neutralizing other molecules than monomeric polypeptides or fragments thereof alone. See, e.g., Fountoulakis et al., J. Biochem., 270:3958-3964 (1995).
Nucleic acids encoding the above epitopes can also be recombined with a gene of interest as an epitope tag (e.g., the hemagglutinin (HA) tag or flag tag) to aid in detection and purification of the expressed polypeptide. For example, a system described by Janknecht et al. allows for the ready purification of non-denatured fusion proteins expressed in human cell lines (Janknecht et al., 1991, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88:8972- 897).
In this system, the gene of interest is subcloned into a vaccinia recombination plasmid such that the open reading frame of the gene is translationally fused to an amino-terminal tag consisting of six histidine residues. The tag serves as a matrix binding domain for the fusion protein.
Extracts from cells infected with the recombinant vaccinia virus are loaded onto Ni2+
nitriloacetic acid-agarose column and histidine-tagged proteins can be selectively eluted with imidazole-containing buffers.
Fusion Proteins [156] Any polypeptide of the present invention can be used to generate fusion proteins.
For example, the polypeptide of the present invention, when fused to a second protein, can be used as an antigenic tag. Antibodies raised against the polypeptide of the present invention can be used to indirectly detect the second protein by binding to the polypeptide. Moreover, because secreted proteins target cellular locations based on trafficking signals, polypeptides of the present invention which are shown to be secreted can be used as targeting molecules once fused to other proteins.
(157] Examples of domains that can be fused to polypeptides of the present invention include not only heterologous signal sequences, but also other heterologous functional regions. The fusion does not necessarily need to be direct, but may occur through linker sequences.
[158] In certain preferred embodiments, proteins of the invention are fusion proteins comprising an amino acid sequence that is an N and/or C- terminal deletion of a polypeptide of the invention. In preferred embodiments, the invention is directed to a fusion protein comprising an amino acid sequence that is at least 90%, 95%, 96%, 97%, 98% or 99%
identical to a polypeptide sequence of the invention. Polynucleotides encoding these proteins are also encompassed by the invention.
[159] Moreover, fusion proteins may also be engineered to improve characteristics of the polypeptide of the present invention. For instance, a region of additional amino acids, particularly charged amino acids, may be added to the N-terminus of the polypeptide to improve stability and persistence during purification from the host cell or subsequent handling and storage. Also, peptide moieties may be added to the polypeptide to facilitate purification. Such regions may be removed prior to final preparation of the polypeptide. The addition of peptide moieties to facilitate handling of polypeptides are familiar and routine techniques in the art.
[160] As one of skill in the art will appreciate that, as discussed above, polypeptides of the present invention, and epitope-bearing fragments thereof, can be combined with heterologous polypeptide sequences. For example, the polypeptides of the present invention may be fused with heterologous polypeptide sequences, for example, the polypeptides of the present invention may be fused with the constant domain of immunoglobulins (IgA, IgE, IgG, IgM) or portions thereof (CH1, CH2, CH3, and any combination thereof, including both entire domains and portions thereof), or albumin (including, but not limited to, native or recombinant human albumin or fragments or variants thereof (see, e.g., U.S.
Patent No.
5,876,969, issued March 2, 1999, EP Patent 0 413 622, and U.S. Patent No.
5,766,883, issued June 16, 1998, herein incorporated by reference in their entirety)), resulting in chimeric polypeptides. For example, EP-A-O 464 533 (Canadian counterpart 2045869) discloses fusion proteins comprising various portions of constant region of immunoglobulin molecules together with another human protein or part thereof. In many cases, the Fc part in a fusion protein is beneficial in therapy and diagnosis, and thus can result in, for example, improved pharmacokinetic properties (EP-A 0232 262). Alternatively, deleting the Fc part after the fusion protein has been expressed, detected, and purified, would be desired.
For example, the Fc portion may hinder therapy and diagnosis if the fusion protein is used as an antigen for immunizations. In drug discovery, for example, human proteins, such as hIL-5, have been fused with Fc portions for the purpose of high-throughput screening assays to identify antagonists of hIL-5. See, D. Bennett et al., J. Molecular Recognition 8:52-58 (1995); K.
Johanson et al., J. Biol. Chem. 270:9459-9471 (1995).
[161] Moreover, the polypeptides of the present invention can be fused to marker sequences, such as a polypeptide which facilitates purification of the fused polypeptide. In preferred embodiments, the marker amino acid sequence is a hexa-histidine peptide, such as the tag provided in a pQE vector (QIAGEN, Inc., 9259 Eton Avenue, Chatsworth, CA, 91311), among others, many of which are commercially available. As described in Gentz et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 86:821-824 (1989), for instance, hexa-histidine provides for convenient purification of the fusion protein. Another peptide tag useful for purification, the "HA" tag, corresponds to an epitope derived from the influenza hemagglutinin protein Wilson et al., Cell 37:767 (1984)).
[162] Additional fusion proteins of the invention may be generated through the techniques of gene-shuffling, motif shuffling, exon-shuffling, and/or codon-shuffling (collectively referred to as "DNA shuffling"). DNA shuffling may be employed to modulate the activities of polypeptides of the invention, such methods can be used to generate polypeptides with altered activity, as well as agonists and antagonists of the polypeptides.
See, generally, U.S. Patent Nos. 5,605,793; 5,811,238; 5,830,721; 5,834,252;
and 5,837,458, and Patten et al., Curr. Opinion Biotechnol. 8:724-33 (1997); Harayama, Trends Biotechnol.
16(2):76-82 (1998); Hansson, et al., J. Mol. Biol. 287:265-76 (1999); and Lorenzo and Blasco, Biotechniques 24(2):308- 13 (1998) (each of these patents and publications are hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety). In one embodiment, alteration of polynucleotides corresponding to SEQ >D NO:X and the polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides may be achieved by DNA shuffling. DNA shuffling involves the assembly of two or more DNA segments by homologous or site-specific recombination to generate variation in the polynucleotide sequence. In another embodiment, polynucleotides of the invention, or the encoded polypeptides, may be altered by being subjected to random mutagenesis by error-prone PCR, random nucleotide insertion or other methods prior to recombination. In another embodiment, one or more components, motifs, sections, parts, domains, fragments, etc., of a polynucleotide encoding a polypeptide of the invention may be recombined with one or more components, motifs, sections, parts, domains, fragments, etc.
of one or more heterologous molecules.
[163] Thus, any of these above fusions can be engineered using the polynucleotides or the polypeptides of the present invention.
Recombinant and Synthetic Production of Pol'rpe~tides of the Invention [164] The present invention also relates to vectors containing the polynucleotide of the present invention, host cells, and the production of polypeptides by synthetic and recombinant techniques. The vector may be, for example, a phage, plasmid, viral, or retroviral vector. Retroviral vectors may be replication competent or replication defective.
In the latter case, viral propagation generally will occur only in complementing host cells.
[165] The polynucleotides of the invention may be joined to a vector containing a selectable marker for propagation in a host. Generally, a plasmid vector is introduced in a precipitate, such as a calcium phosphate precipitate, or in a complex with a charged lipid. If the vector is a virus, it may be packaged in vitro using an appropriate packaging cell line and then transduced into host cells.
[166] The polynucleotide insert should be operatively linked to an appropriate promoter, such as the phage lambda PL promoter, the E. coli lac, trp, phoA and tac promoters, the SV40 early and late promoters and promoters of retroviral LTRs, to name a few.
Other suitable promoters will be known to the skilled artisan. The expression constructs will further contain sites for transcription initiation, termination, and, in the transcribed region, a ribosome binding site for translation. The coding portion of the transcripts expressed by the constructs will preferably include a translation initiating codon at the beginning and a termination codon (UAA, UGA or UAG) appropriately positioned at the end of the polypeptide to be translated.
[167] As indicated, the expression vectors will preferably include at least one selectable marker. Such markers include dihydrofolate reductase, 6418, glutamine synthase, or neomycin resistance for eukaryotic cell culture, and tetracycline, kanamycin or ampicillin resistance genes for culturing in E. coli and other bacteria. Representative examples of appropriate hosts include, but are not limited to, bacterial cells, such as E.
coli, Streptomyces and Salmonella typhimurium cells; fungal cells, such as yeast cells (e.g., Saccharomyces cerevisiae or Pichia pastoris (ATCC Accession No. 201178)); insect cells such as Drosophila S2 and Spodoptera Sf~ cells; animal cells such as CHO, COS, 293, and Bowes melanoma cells; and plant cells. Appropriate culture mediums and conditions for the above-described host cells are known in the art.
[168] Among vectors preferred for use in bacteria include pQE70, pQE60 and pQE-9, available from QIAGEN, Inc.; pBluescript vectors, Phagescript vectors, pNHBA, pNHl6a, pNHl8A, pNH46A, available from Stratagene Cloning Systems, Inc.; and ptrc99a, pKK223-3, pKK233-3, pDR540, pRITS available from Pharmacia Biotech, Inc. Among preferred eukaryotic vectors are pWLNEO, pSV2CAT, pOG44, pXTl and pSG available from Stratagene; and pSVK3, pBPV, pMSG and pSVL available from Pharmacia. Preferred expression vectors for use in yeast systems include, but are not limited to pYES2, pYDI, pTEFl/Zeo, pYES2/GS, pPICZ, pGAPZ, pGAPZaIph, pPIC9, pPIC3.5, pHIL-D2, pHIL-S1, pPIC3.5K, pPIC9K, and PA0815 (all available from Invitrogen, Carlbad, CA).
Other suitable vectors will be readily apparent to the skilled artisan.
[169] Vectors which use glutamine synthase (GS) or DHFR as the selectable markers can be amplified in the presence of the drugs methionine sulphoximine or methotrexate, respectively. An advantage of glutamine synthase based vectors are the availabilty of cell lines (e.g., the murine myeloma cell line, NSO) which are glutamine synthase negative.
Glutamine synthase expression systems can also function in glutamine synthase expressing cells (e.g., Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells) by providing additional inhibitor to prevent the functioning of the endogenous gene. A glutamine synthase expression system and components thereof are detailed in PCT publications: W087/04462; W086/05807;
W089/01036; W089/10404; and W091/06657, which are hereby incorporated in their entireties by reference herein. Additionally, glutamine synthase expression vectors can be obtained from Lonza Biologics, Inc. (Portsmouth, NH). Expression and production of monoclonal antibodies using a GS expression system in murine myeloma cells is described in Bebbington et al., Bioltechr~ology 10:169(1992) and in Biblia and Robinson Biotechnol.
Prog. 11:1 (1995) which are herein incorporated by reference.
[170] The present invention also relates to host cells containing the above-described vector constructs described herein, and additionally encompasses host cells containing nucleotide sequences of the invention that are operably associated with one or mare heterologous control regions (e.g., promoter and/or enhancer) using techniques known of in the art. The host cell can be a higher eukaryotic cell, such as a mammalian cell (e.g., a human derived cell), or a lower eukaryotic cell, such as a yeast cell, or the host cell can be a prokaryotic cell, such as a bacterial cell. A host strain may be chosen which modulates the expression of the inserted gene sequences, or modifies and processes the gene product in the specific fashion desired. Expression from certain promoters can be elevated in the presence of certain inducers; thus expression of the genetically engineered polypeptide may be controlled. Furthermore, different host cells have characteristics and specific mechanisms for the translational and post-translational processing and modification (e.g., phosphorylation, cleavage) of proteins. Appropriate cell lines can be chosen to ensure the desired modifications and processing of the foreign protein expressed.
[171] Introduction of the nucleic acids and nucleic acid constructs of the invention into the host cell can be effected by calcium phosphate transfection, DEAF-dextran mediated transfection, cationic lipid-mediated transfection, electroporation;
transduction, infection, or other methods. Such methods are described in many standard laboratory manuals, such as Davis et al., Basic Methods In Molecular Biology (1986). It is specifically contemplated that the polypeptides of the present invention may in fact be expressed by a host cell lacking a recombinant vector.

(172] In addition to encompassing host cells containing the vector constructs discussed herein, the invention also encompasses primary, secondary, and immortalized host cells of vertebrate origin, particularly mammalian origin, that have been engineered to delete or replace endogenous genetic material (e.g., the coding sequence), and/or to include genetic material (e.g., heterologous polynucleotide sequences) that is operably associated with polynucleotides of the invention, and which activates, alters, and/or amplifies endogenous polynucleotides. For example, techniques known in the art may be used to operably associate heterologous control regions (e.g., promoter and/or enhancer) and endogenous polynucleotide sequences via homologous recombination (see, e.g., US Patent Number 5,641,670, issued June 24, 1997; International Publication Number WO 96129411; International Publication Number WO 94/12650; Koller et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 86:8932-8935 (1989); and Zijlstra et al., Nature 3~?:435-438 (1989), the disclosures of each of which are incorporated by reference in their entireties).
[173] Polypeptides of the invention can be recovered and purified from recombinant cell cultures by well-known methods including ammonium sulfate or ethanol precipitation, acid extraction, anion or canon exchange chromatography, phosphocellulose chromatography, hydrophobic interaction chromatography, affinity chromatography, hydroxylapatite chromatography and lectin chromatography. Most preferably, high performance liquid chromatography ("HPLC") is employed for purification.
(174] Polypeptides of the present invention can also be recovered from:
products purified from natural sources, including bodily fluids, tissues and cells, whether directly isolated or cultured; products of chemical synthetic procedures; and products produced by recombinant techniques from a prokaryotic or eukaryotic host, including, for example, bacterial, yeast, higher plant, insect, and mammalian cells. Depending upon the host employed in a recombinant production procedure, the polypeptides of the present invention may be glycosylated or may be non-glycosylated. In addition, polypeptides of the invention may also include an initial modified methionine residue, in some cases as a result of host-mediated processes. Thus, it is well known in the art that the N-terminal methionine encoded by the translation initiation codon generally is removed with high efficiency from any protein after translation in all eukaryotic cells. While the N-terminal methionine on most proteins also is efficiently removed in most prokaryotes, for some proteins, this prokaryotic removal process is inefficient, depending on the nature of the amino acid to which the N-terminal methionine is covalently linked.

(175] In one embodiment, the yeast Pichia pastoris is used to express polypeptides of the invention in a eukaryotic system. Pichia pastoris is a methylotrophic yeast which can metabolize methanol as its sole carbon source. A main step in the methanol metabolization pathway is the oxidation of methanol to formaldehyde using Oz. This reaction is catalyzed by the enzyme alcohol oxidase. In order to metabolize methanol as its sole carbon source, Pichia pastoris must generate high levels of alcohol oxidase due, in part, to the relatively low affinity of alcohol oxidase for OZ. Consequently, in a growth medium depending on methanol as a main carbon source, the promoter region of one of the two alcohol oxidase genes (AOXI) is highly active. In the presence of methanol, alcohol oxidase produced from the AOXI gene comprises up to approximately 30% of the total soluble protein in Pichia pastoris. See Ellis, S.B., et al., Mol. Cell. Biol. 5:1111-21 (1985); Koutz, P.J, et al., Yeast 5:167-77 (1989); Tschopp, J.F., et al., Nucl. Acids Res. 15:3859-76 (1987).
Thus, a heterologous coding sequence, such as, for example, a polynucleotide of the present invention, under the transcriptional regulation of all or part of the AOXI
regulatory sequence is expressed at exceptionally high levels in Pichia yeast grown in the presence of methanol.
[176] In one example, the plasmid vector pPIC9K is used to express DNA
encoding a polypeptide of the invention, as set forth herein, in a Pichea yeast system essentially as described in "Pichia Protocols: Methods in Molecular Biology," D.R. Higgins and J. Cregg, eds. The Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 1998. This expression vector allows expression and secretion of a polypeptide of the invention by virtue of the strong AOXI
promoter linked to the Pichia pastoris alkaline phosphatase (PHO) secretory signal peptide (i.e., leader) located upstream of a multiple cloning site.
[177] Many other yeast vectors could be used in place of pPIC9K, such as, pYES2, pYDI, pTEFI/Zeo, pYES2/GS, pPICZ, pGAPZ, pGAPZalpha, pPIC9, pPIC3.5, pHIL-D2, pHIL-S l, pPIC3.5K, and PA0815, as one skilled in the art would readily appreciate, as long as the proposed expression construct provides appropriately located signals for transcription, translation, secretion (if desired), and the like, including an in-frame AUG
as required.
[178] In another embodiment, high-level expression of a heterologous coding sequence, such as, for example, a polynucleotide of the present invention, may be achieved by cloning the heterologous polynucleotide of the invention into an expression vector such as, for example, pGAPZ or pGAPZalpha, and growing the yeast culture in the absence of methanol.

[179] In addition to encompassing host cells containing the vector constructs discussed herein, the invention also encompasses primary, secondary, and immortalized host cells of vertebrate origin, particularly mammalian origin, that have been engineered to delete or replace endogenous genetic material (e.g., coding sequence), and/or to include genetic material (e.g., heterologous polynucleotide sequences) that is operably associated with polynucleotides of the invention, and which activates, alters, and/or amplifies endogenous polynucleotides. For example, techniques known in the art may be used to operably associate heterologous control regions (e.g., promoter and/or enhancer) and endogenous polynucleotide sequences via homologous recombination (see, e.g., U.S. Patent No.
5,641,670, issued June 24, 1997; International Publication No. WO 96/29411, published September 26, 1996; International Publication No. WO 94/12650, published August 4, 1994;
Koller et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 86:8932-8935 (1989); and Zijlstra et al., Nature 342:435-438 (1989), the disclosures of each of which are incorporated by reference in their entireties).
[180] In addition, polypeptides of the invention can be chemically synthesized using techniques known in the art (e.g., see Creighton, 1983, Proteins: Structures and Molecular Principles, W.H. Freeman & Co., N.Y., and Hunkapiller et al., Nature, 310:105-111 (1984)).
For example, a polypeptide corresponding to a fragment of a polypeptide can be synthesized by use of a peptide synthesizer. Furthermore, if desired, nonclassical amino acids or chemical amino acid analogs can be introduced as a substitution or addition into the polypeptide sequence. Non-classical amino acids include, but are not limited to, to the D-isomers of the common amino acids, 2,4-diaminobutyric acid, a-amino isobutyric acid, 4-aminobutyric acid, Abu, 2-amino butyric acid, g-Abu, e-Ahx, 6-amino hexanoic acid, Aib, 2-amino isobutyric acid, 3-amino propionic acid, ornithine, norleucine, norvaline, hydroxyproline, sarcosine, citrulline, homocitrulline, cysteic acid, t-butylglycine, t-butylalanine, phenylglycine, cyclohexylalanine, b-alanine, fluoro-amino acids, designer amino acids such as b-methyl amino acids, Ca-methyl amino acids, Na-methyl amino acids, and amino acid analogs in general. Furthermore, the amino acid can be D
(dextrorotary) or L
(levorotary).
[181] The invention encompasses polypeptides of the present invention which are differentially modified during or after translation, e.g., by glycosylation, acetylation, phosphorylation, amidation, derivatization by known protecting/blocking groups, proteolytic cleavage, linkage to an antibody molecule or other cellular ligand, etc. Any of numerous chemical modifications may be earned out by known techniques, including but not limited, to specific chemical cleavage by cyanogen bromide, trypsin, chymotrypsin, papain, protease, NaBH4; acetylation, formylation, oxidation, reduction; metabolic synthesis in the presence of tunicamycin; etc.
[182] Additional post-translational modifications encompassed by the invention include, for example, e.g., N-linked or O-linked carbohydrate chains, processing of N-terminal or C-terminal ends), attachment of chemical moieties to the amino acid backbone, chemical modifications of N-linked or O-linked carbohydrate chains, and addition or deletion of an N-terminal methionine residue as a result of procaryotic host cell expression.
The polypeptides may also be modified with a detectable label, such as an enzymatic, fluorescent, isotopic or affinity label to allow for detection and isolation of the protein.
[183] Examples of suitable enzymes include horseradish peroxidase, alkaline phosphatase, beta-galactosidase, or acetylcholinesterase; examples of suitable prosthetic group complexes include streptavidin/biotin and avidin/biotin; examples of suitable fluorescent materials include umbelliferone, fluorescein, fluorescein isothiocyanate, rhodamine, dichlorotriazinylamine fluorescein, dansyl chloride or phycoerythrin; an example of a luminescent material includes luminol; examples of bioluminescent materials include luciferase, luciferin, and aequorin; and examples of suitable radioactive material include iodine ('z'I,'z3I,'zsl,'3~I), carbon ('4C), sulfur (3sS), tritium (3H), indium ("'In, "zIn, 113m~~
iism ~~ ~9m zoo 6g 6~ alladium '°3Pd In), technetium ( Tc, Tc), thallium ( Ti), gallium ( Ga, Ga), p ( ), molybdenum (99Mo), xenon ('33Xe), fluorine ('8F), 's3Sm, '~~Lu, 's9Gd, 'a9Pm, l4oLa, l~sYb, 166H~~ ~01,~ 4~Sc~ ~s6Re~ issRe~ ~azPr~ ios~~ and 9~Ru.
[184] In specific embodiments, a polypeptide of the present invention or fragment or variant thereof is attached to macrocyclic chelators that associate with radiometal ions, including but not limited to, '~~Lu, 9°Y, 166Ho, and 's3Sm, to polypeptides. In a preferred embodiment, the radiometal ion associated with the macrocyclic chelators is "'In. In another preferred embodiment, the radiometal ion associated with the macrocyclic chelator is 9°Y. In specific embodiments, the macrocyclic chelator is 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-N,N',N",N"'-tetraacetic acid (DOTA). In other specific embodiments, DOTA is attached to an antibody of the invention or fragment thereof via a linker molecule. Examples of linker molecules useful for conjugating DOTA to a polypeptide are commonly known in the art -see, for example, DeNardo et al., Clin Cancer Res. 4(10):2483-90 (1998);
Peterson et al., Bioconjug. Chem. 10(4):553-7 (1999); and Zimmerman et al, Nucl. Med. Biol.
26(8):943-50 (1999); which are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety.
[185J As mentioned, the proteins of the invention may be modified by either natural processes, such as posttranslational processing, or by chemical modification techniques which are well known in the art. It will be appreciated that the same type of modification may be present in the same or varying degrees at several sites in a given polypeptide.
Polypeptides of the invention may be branched, for example, as a result of ubiquitination, and they may be cyclic, with or without branching. Cyclic, branched, and branched cyclic polypeptides may result from posttranslation natural processes or may be made by synthetic methods. Modifications include acetylation, acylation, ADP-ribosylation, amidation, covalent attachment of flavin, covalent attachment of a heme moiety, covalent attachment of a nucleotide or nucleotide derivative, covalent attachment of a lipid or lipid derivative, covalent attachment of phosphotidylinositol, cross-linking, cyclization, disulfide bond formation, demethylation, formation of covalent cross-links, formation of cysteine, formation of pyroglutamate, formylation, gamma-carboxylation, glycosylation, GPI anchor formation, hydroxylation, iodination, methylation, myristoylation, oxidation, pegylation, proteolytic processing, phosphorylation, prenylation, racemization, selenoylation, sulfation, transfer-RNA mediated addition of amino acids to proteins such as arginylation, and ubiquitination.
(See, for instance, PROTEINS - STRUCTURE AND MOLECULAR PROPERTIES, 2nd Ed., T. E. Creighton, W. H. Freeman and Company, New York (1993);
POSTTRANSLATIONAL COVALENT MODIFICATION OF PROTEINS, B. C. Johnson, Ed., Academic Press, New York, pgs. 1-12 (1983); Seifter et al., Meth.
Enzymol. 182:626-646 (1990); Rattan et al., Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 663:48-62 (1992)).
[186] Also provided by the invention are chemically modified derivatives of the polypeptides of the invention which may provide additional advantages such as increased solubility, stability and circulating time of the polypeptide, or decreased immunogenicity (see U.S. Patent No. 4,179,337). The chemical moieties for derivitization may be selected from water soluble polymers such as polyethylene glycol, ethylene glycol/propylene glycol copolymers, carboxymethylcellulose, dextran, polyvinyl alcohol and the like.
The polypeptides may be modified at random positions within the molecule, or at predetermined positions within the molecule and may include one, two, three or more attached chemical moieties.

[187] The polymer may be of any molecular weight, and may be branched or unbranched. For polyethylene glycol, the preferred molecular weight is between about 1 kDa and about 100 kDa (the term "about" indicating that in preparations of polyethylene glycol, some molecules will weigh more, some less, than the stated molecular weight) for ease in handling and manufacturing. Other sizes may be used, depending on the desired therapeutic profile (e.g., the duration of sustained release desired, the effects, if any on biological activity, the ease in handling, the degree or lack of antigenicity and other known effects of the polyethylene glycol to a therapeutic protein or analog). For example, the polyethylene glycol may have an average molecular weight of about 200, 500, 1000, 1500, 2000, 2500, 3000, 3500, 4000, 4500, 5000, 5500, 6000, 6500, 7000, 7500, 8000, 8500, 9000, 9500, 10,000, 10,500, 11,000, 11,500, 12,000, 12,500, 13,000, 13,500, 14,000, 14,500, 15,000, 15,500, 16,000, 16,500, 17,000, 17,500, 18,000, 18,500, 19,000, 19,500, 20,000, 25,000, 30,000, 35,000, 40,000, 45,000, 50,000, 55,000, 60,000, 65,000, 70,000, 75,000, 80,000, 85,000, 90,000, 95,000, or 100,000 kDa.
[188] As noted above, the polyethylene glycol may have a branched structure.
Branched polyethylene glycols are described, for example, in U.S. Patent No. 5,643,575;
Morpurgo et al., Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 56:59-72 (1996); Vorobjev et al., Nucleosides Nucleotides 18:2745-2750 (1999); and Caliceti et al., Bioconjug. Chem. 10:638-646 (1999), the disclosures of each of which are incorporated herein by reference.
[189] The polyethylene glycol molecules (or other chemical moieties) should be attached to the protein with consideration of effects on functional or antigenic domains of the protein.
There are a number of attachment methods available to those skilled in the art, such as, for example, the method disclosed in EP 0 401 384 (coupling PEG to G-CSF), herein incorporated by reference; see also Malik et al., Exp. Hematol. 20:1028-1035 (1992), reporting pegylation of GM-CSF using tresyl chloride. For example, polyethylene glycol may be covalently bound through amino acid residues via a reactive group, such as a free amino or carboxyl group. Reactive groups are those to which an activated polyethylene glycol molecule may be bound. The amino acid residues having a free amino group may include lysine residues and the N-terminal amino acid residues; those having a free carboxyl group may include aspartic acid residues glutamic acid residues and the C-terminal amino acid residue. Sulfhydryl groups may also be used as a reactive group for attaching the polyethylene glycol molecules. Preferred for therapeutic purposes is attachment at an amino group, such as attachment at the N-terminus or lysine group.

[190] As suggested above, polyethylene glycol may be attached to proteins via linkage to any of a number of amino acid residues. For example, polyethylene glycol can be linked to proteins via covalent bonds to lysine, histidine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, or cysteine residues. One or more reaction chemistries may be employed to attach polyethylene glycol to specific amino acid residues (e.g., lysine, histidine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, or cysteine) of the protein or to more than one type of amino acid residue (e.g., lysine, histidine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, cysteine and combinations thereof) of the protein.
[191] One may specifically desire proteins chemically modified at the N-terminus.
Using polyethylene glycol as an illustration of the present composition, one may select from a variety of polyethylene glycol molecules (by molecular weight, branching, etc.), the proportion of polyethylene glycol molecules to protein (polypeptide) molecules in the reaction mix, the type of pegylation reaction to be performed, and the method of obtaining the selected N-terminally pegylated protein. The method of obtaining the N-terminally pegylated preparation (i.e., separating this moiety from other monopegylated moieties if necessary) may be by purification of the N-terminally pegylated material from a population of pegylated protein molecules. Selective proteins chemically modified at the N-terminus modification may be accomplished by reductive alkylation which exploits differential reactivity of different types of primary amino groups (lysine versus the N-terminal) available for derivatization in a particular protein. Under the appropriate reaction conditions, substantially selective derivatization of the protein at the N-terminus with a carbonyl group containing polymer is achieved.
[192] As indicated above, pegylation of the proteins of the invention may be accomplished by any number of means. For example, polyethylene glycol may be attached to the protein either directly or by an intervening linker. Linkerless systems for attaching polyethylene glycol to proteins are described in Delgado et al., Crit. Rev.
Thera. Drug Carrier Sys. 9:249-304 (1992); Francis et al., Intern. J. of Hematol. 68:1-18 (1998);
U.S. Patent No.
4,002,531; U.S. Patent No. 5,349,052; WO 95/06058; and WO 98/32466, the disclosures of each of which are incorporated herein by reference.
[193] One system for attaching polyethylene glycol directly to amino acid residues of proteins without an intervening linker employs tresylated MPEG, which is produced by the modification of monmethoxy polyethylene glycol (MPEG) using tresylchloride (CISOzCH2CF3). Upon reaction of protein with tresylated MPEG, polyethylene glycol is directly attached to amine groups of the protein. Thus, the invention includes protein-polyethylene glycol conjugates produced by reacting proteins of the invention with a polyethylene glycol molecule having a 2,2,2-trifluoreothane sulphonyl group.
[194] Polyethylene glycol can also be attached to proteins using a number of different intervening linkers. For example, U.S. Patent No. 5,612,460, the entire disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference, discloses urethane linkers for connecting polyethylene glycol to proteins. Protein-polyethylene glycol conjugates wherein the polyethylene glycol is attached to the protein by a linker can also be produced by reaction of proteins with compounds such as MPEG-succinimidylsuccinate, MPEG activated with 1,1'-carbonyldiimidazole, MPEG-2,4,5-trichloropenylcarbonate, MPEG-p-nitrophenolcarbonate, and various MPEG-succinate derivatives. A number of additional polyethylene glycol derivatives and reaction chemistries for attaching polyethylene glycol to proteins are described in International Publication No. WO 98/32466, the entire disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference. Pegylated protein products produced using the reaction chemistries set out herein are included within the scope of the invention.
[195] The number of polyethylene glycol moieties attached to each protein of the invention (i.e., the degree of substitution) may also vary. For example, the pegylated proteins of the invention may be linked, on average, to 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 15, 17, 20, or more polyethylene glycol molecules. Similarly, the average degree of substitution within ranges such as 1-3, 2-4, 3-5, 4-6, 5-7, 6-8, 7-9, 8-10, 9-11, 10-12, 11-13, 12-14, 13-15, 14-16, 15-17, 16-18, 17-19, or 18-20 polyethylene glycol moieties per protein molecule. Methods for determining the degree of substitution are discussed, for example, in Delgado et al., Crit.
Rev. Thera. Drug Carner Sys. 9:249-304 (1992).
[196] The polypeptides of the invention can be recovered and purified from chemical synthesis and recombinant cell cultures by standard methods which include, but are not limited to, ammonium sulfate or ethanol precipitation, acid extraction, anion or cation exchange chromatography, phosphocellulose chromatography, hydrophobic interaction chromatography, affinity chromatography, hydroxylapatite chromatography and lectin chromatography. Most preferably, high performance liquid chromatography ("HPLC") is employed for purification. Well known techniques for refolding protein may be employed to regenerate active conformation when the polypeptide is denatured during isolation and/or purification.
(197] The polypeptides of the invention may be in monomers or multimers (i.e., dimers, trimers, tetramers and higher multimers). Accordingly, the present invention relates to monomers and multimers of the polypeptides of the invention, their preparation, and Compositions (preferably, Therapeutics) containing them. In specific embodiments, the polypeptides of the invention are monomers, dimers, trimers or tetramers. In additional embodiments, the multimers of the invention are at least dimers, at least trimers, or at least tetramers.
[198] Multimers encompassed by the invention may be homomers or heteromers. As used herein, the term homomer refers to a multimer containing only polypeptides corresponding to a protein of the invention (e.g., the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:Y, an amino acid sequence encoded by SEQ ID NO:X or the complement of SEQ ID
NO:X, the amino acid sequence encoded by the portion of SEQ ID NO:X as defined in columns 8 and 9 of Table 2, and/or an amino acid sequence encoded by cDNA contained in Clone ID NO:Z
(including fragments, variants, splice variants, and fusion proteins, corresponding to these as described herein)). These homomers may contain polypeptides having identical or different amino acid sequences. In a specific embodiment, a homomer of the invention is a multimer containing only polypeptides having an identical amino acid sequence. In another specific embodiment, a homomer of the invention is a multimer containing polypeptides having different amino acid sequences. In specific embodiments, the multimer of the invention is a homodimer (e.g., containing two polypeptides having identical or different amino acid sequences) or a homotrimer (e.g., containing three polypeptides having identical and/or different amino acid sequences). In additional embodiments, the homomeric multimer of the invention is at least a homodimer, at least a homotrimer, or at least a homotetramer.
(199] As used herein, the term heteromer refers to a multimer containing one or more heterologous polypeptides (i.e., polypeptides of different proteins) in addition to the polypeptides of the invention. In a specific embodiment, the multimer of the invention is a heterodimer, a heterotrimer, or a heterotetramer. In additional embodiments, the heteromeric multimer of the invention is at least a heterodimer, at least a heterotrimer, or at least a heterotetramer.
[200] Multimers of the invention may be the result of hydrophobic, hydrophilic, ionic and/or covalent associations and/or may be indirectly linked by, for example, liposome formation. Thus, in one embodiment, multimers of the invention, such as, for example, homodimers or homotrimers, are formed when polypeptides of the invention contact one another in solution. In another embodiment, heteromultimers of the invention, such as, for example, heterotrimers or heterotetramers, are formed when polypeptides of the invention contact antibodies to the polypeptides of the invention (including antibodies to the heterologous polypeptide sequence in a fusion protein of the invention) in solution. In other embodiments, multimers of the invention are formed by covalent associations with and/or between the polypeptides of the invention. Such covalent associations may involve one or more amino acid residues contained in the polypeptide sequence (e.g., that recited in SEQ m NO:Y, encoded by the portion of SEQ m NO:X as defined in columns 8 and 9 of Table 2, and/or encoded by the cDNA contained in Clone ID NO:Z). In one instance, the covalent associations are cross-linking between cysteine residues located within the polypeptide sequences which interact in the native (i.e., naturally occurring) polypeptide. In another instance, the covalent associations are the consequence of chemical or recombinant manipulation. Alternatively, such covalent associations may involve one or more amino acid residues contained in the heterologous polypeptide sequence in a fusion protein. In one example, covalent associations are between the heterologous sequence contained in a fusion protein of the invention (see, e.g., US Patent Number 5,478,925). In a specific example, the covalent associations are between the heterologous sequence contained in a Fc fusion protein of the invention (as described herein). In another specific example, covalent associations of fusion proteins of the invention are between heterologous polypeptide sequence from another protein that is capable of forming covalently associated multimers, such as for example, osteoprotegerin (see, e.g., International Publication NO: WO 98/49305, the contents of which are herein incorporated by reference in its entirety). In another embodiment, two or more polypeptides of the invention are joined through peptide linkers. Examples include those peptide linkers described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,073,627 (hereby incorporated by reference).
Proteins comprising multiple polypeptides of the invention separated by peptide linkers may be produced using conventional recombinant DNA technology.
[201] Another method for preparing multimer polypeptides of the invention involves use of polypeptides of the invention fused to a leucine zipper or isoleucine zipper polypeptide sequence. Leucine zipper and isoleucine zipper domains are polypeptides that promote multimerization of the proteins in which they are found. Leucine zippers were originally identified in several DNA-binding proteins (Landschulz et al., Science 240:1759, (1988)), and have since been found in a variety of different proteins. Among the known leucine zippers are naturally occurring peptides and derivatives thereof that dimerize or trimerize.
Examples of leucine zipper domains suitable for producing soluble multimeric proteins of the invention are those described in PCT application WO 94/10308, hereby incorporated by reference. Recombinant fusion proteins comprising a polypeptide of the invention fused to a polypeptide sequence that dimerizes or trimerizes in solution are expressed in suitable host cells, and the resulting soluble multimeric fusion protein is recovered from the culture supernatant using techniques known in the art.
[202] Trimeric polypeptides of the invention may offer the advantage of enhanced biological activity. Preferred leucine zipper moieties and isoleucine moieties are those that preferentially form trimers. One example is a leucine zipper derived from lung surfactant protein D (SPD), as described in Hoppe et al. (FEBS Letters 344:191, (1994)) and in U.S.
patent application Ser. No. 08/446,922, hereby incorporated by reference.
Other peptides derived from naturally occurring trimeric proteins may be employed in preparing trimeric polypeptides of the invention.
[203] In another example, proteins of the invention are associated by interactions between Flag~ polypeptide sequence contained in fusion proteins of the invention containing Flag~ polypeptide sequence. In a further embodiment, proteins of the invention are associated by interactions between heterologous polypeptide sequence contained in Flag~
fusion proteins of the invention and anti-Flag~ antibody.
[204] The multimers of the invention may be generated using chemical techniques known in the art. For example, polypeptides desired to be contained in the multimers of the invention may be chemically cross-linked using linker molecules and linker molecule length optimization techniques known in the art (see, e.g., US Patent Number 5,478,925, which is herein incorporated by reference in its entirety). Additionally, multimers of the invention may be generated using techniques known in the art to form one or more inter-molecule cross-links between the cysteine residues located within the sequence of the polypeptides desired to be contained in the multimer (see, e.g., US Patent Number 5,478,925, which is herein incorporated by reference in its entirety). Further, polypeptides of the invention may be routinely modified by the addition of cysteine or biotin to the C-terminus or N-terminus of the polypeptide and techniques known in the art may be applied to generate multimers containing one or more of these modified polypeptides (see, e.g., US Patent Number 5,478,925, which is herein incorporated by reference in its entirety).
Additionally, techniques known in the art may be applied to generate liposomes containing the polypeptide components desired to be contained in the multimer of the .invention (see, e.g., US Patent Number 5,478,925, which is herein incorporated by reference in its entirety).

[205] Alternatively, multimers of the invention may be generated using genetic engineering techniques known in the art. In one embodiment, polypeptides contained in multimers of the invention are produced recombinantly using fusion protein technology described herein or otherwise known in the art (see, e.g., US Patent Number 5,478,925, which is herein incorporated by reference in its entirety). In a specific embodiment, polynucleotides coding for a homodimer of the invention are generated by ligating a polynucleotide sequence encoding a polypeptide of the invention to a sequence encoding a linker polypeptide and then further to a synthetic polynucleotide encoding the translated product of the polypeptide in the reverse orientation from the original C-terminus to the N-terminus (lacking the leader sequence) (see, e.g., US Patent Number 5,478,925, which is herein incorporated by reference in its entirety). In another embodiment, recombinant techniques described herein or otherwise known in the art are applied to generate recombinant polypeptides of the invention which contain a transmembrane domain (or hydrophobic or signal peptide) and which can be incorporated by membrane reconstitution techniques into liposomes (see, e.g., US Patent Number 5,478,925, which is herein incorporated by reference in its entirety).
Antibodies [206] Further polypeptides of the invention relate to antibodies and T-cell antigen receptors (TCR) which immunospecifically bind a polypeptide, polypeptide fragment, or variant of the invention (e.g., a polypeptide or fragment or variant of the amino acid sequence of SEQ 117 NO:Y or a polypeptide encoded by the cDNA contained in Clone ID
No:Z, and/or an epitope, of the present invention) as determined by immunoassays well known in the art for assaying specific antibody-antigen binding. Antibodies of the invention include, but are not limited to, polyclonal, monoclonal, multispecific, human, humanized or chimeric antibodies, single chain antibodies, Fab fragments, F(ab') fragments, fragments produced by a Fab expression library, anti-idiotypic (anti-Id) antibodies (including, e.g., anti-Id antibodies to antibodies of the invention), intracellularly-made antibodies (i.e., intrabodies), and epitope-binding fragments of any of the above. The term "antibody," as used herein, refers to immunoglobulin molecules and immunologically active portions of immunoglobulin molecules, i.e., molecules that contain an antigen binding site that immunospecifically binds an antigen. The immunoglobulin molecules of the invention can be of any type (e.g., IgG, IgE, IgM, IgD, IgA and IgY), class (e.g., IgGI, IgG2, IgG3, IgG4, IgAI and IgA2) or subclass of immunoglobulin molecule. In preferred embodiments, the immunoglobulin molecules of the invention are IgGI. In other preferred embodiments, the immunoglobulin molecules of the invention are IgG4.
(207] Most preferably the antibodies are human antigen-binding antibody fragments of the present invention and include, but are not limited to, Fab, Fab' and F(ab')2, Fd, single-chain Fvs (scFv), single-chain antibodies, disulfide-linked Fvs (sdFv) and fragments comprising either a VL or VH domain. Antigen-binding antibody fragments, including single-chain antibodies, may comprise the variable regions) alone or in combination with the entirety or a portion of the .following: hinge region, CH1, CH2, and CH3 domains. Also included in the invention are antigen-binding fragments also comprising any combination of variable regions) with a hinge region, CHI, CH2, and CH3 domains. The antibodies of the invention may be from any animal origin including birds and mammals.
Preferably, the antibodies are human, murine (e.g., mouse and rat), donkey, ship rabbit, goat, guinea pig, camel, horse, or chicken. As used herein, "human" antibodies include antibodies having the amino acid sequence of a human immunoglobulin and include antibodies isolated from human immunoglobulin libraries or from animals transgenic for one or more human immunoglobulin and that do not express endogenous immunoglobulins, as described infra and, for example in, U.S. Patent No. 5,939,598 by Kucherlapati et al.
[208] The antibodies of the present invention may be monospecific, bispecific, trispecific or of greater multispecificity. Multispecific antibodies may be specific for different epitopes of a polypeptide of the present invention or may be specific for both a polypeptide of the present invention as well as for a heterologous epitope, such as a heterologous polypeptide or solid support material. See, e.g., PCT publications WO 93/17715; WO 92/08802;
WO
91/00360; WO 92/05793; Tutt, et al., J. Immunol. 147:60-69 (1991); U.S. Patent Nos.
4,474,893; 4,714,681; 4,925,648; 5,573,920; 5,601,819; Kostelny et al., J.
Immunol.
148:1547-1553 (1992).
[209] Antibodies of the present invention may be described or specified in terms of the epitope(s) or portions) of a polypeptide of the present invention which they recognize or specifically bind. The epitope(s) or polypeptide portions) may be specified as described herein, e.g., by N-terminal and C-terminal positions, or by size in contiguous amino acid residues, or listed in the Tables and Figures. Preferred epitopes of the invention include the predicted epitopes shown in column 7 of Table 1A, as well as polynucleotides that encode these epitopes. Antibodies which specifically bind any epitope or polypeptide of the present invention may also be excluded. Therefore, the present invention includes antibodies that specifically bind polypeptides of the present invention, and allows for the exclusion of the same.
[210] Antibodies of the present invention may also be described or specified in terms of their cross-reactivity. Antibodies that do not bind any other analog, ortholog, or homolog of a polypeptide of the present invention are included. Antibodies that bind polypeptides with at least 95%, at least 90%, at least 85%, at least 80%, at least 75%, at least 70%, at least 65%, at least 60%, at least 55%, and at least 50% identity (as calculated using methods known in the art and described herein) to a polypeptide of the present invention are also included in the present invention. In specific embodiments, antibodies of the present invention cross-react with murine, rat and/or rabbit homologs of human proteins and the corresponding epitopes thereof. Antibodies that do not bind polypeptides with less than 95%, less than 90%, less than 85%, less than 80%, less than 75%, less than 70%, less than 65%, less than 60%, less than 55%, and less than 50% identity (as calculated using methods known in the art and described herein) to a polypeptide of the present invention are also included in the present invention.
In a specific embodiment, the above-described cross-reactivity is with respect to any single specific antigenic or immunogenic polypeptide, or combinations) of 2, 3, 4, 5, or more of the specific antigenic and/or immunogenic polypeptides disclosed herein. Further included in the present invention are antibodies which bind polypeptides encoded by polynucleotides which hybridize to a polynucleotide of the present invention under stringent hybridization conditions (as described herein). Antibodies of the present invention may also be described or specified in terms of their binding affinity to a polypeptide of the invention. Preferred binding affinities include those with a dissociation constant or Kd less than 5 X 10-Z M, 10-z M, S X 10-3 M, 10-3 M, 5 X 10~ M, 10~ M, 5 X 10-5 M, 10-5 M, 5 X 10-6 M, 10-6M, 5 X 10-~
M, 10' M, 5 X 10-g M, 10-g M, 5 X 10-9 M, 10-~ M, 5 X 10-' ° M, 10-' ° M, 5 X 10-" M, 10-"
M, 5 X 10-' Z M, 10-' 2 M, 5 X 10-13 M, 10~' 3 M, 5 X 10-14 M, 10-' 4 M, 5 X
10-15 M, or 10'' S M.
[211] The invention also provides antibodies that competitively inhibit binding of an antibody to an epitope of the invention as determined by any method known in the art for determining competitive binding, for example, the immunoassays described herein. In preferred embodiments, the antibody competitively inhibits binding to the epitope by at least 95%, at least 90%, at least 85 %, at least 80%, at least 75%, at least 70%, at least 60%, or at least 50%.

[212] Antibodies of the present invention may act as agonists or antagonists of the polypeptides of the present invention. For example, the present invention includes antibodies which disrupt the receptor/ligand interactions with the polypeptides of the invention either partially or fully. Preferably, antibodies of the present invention bind an antigenic epitope disclosed herein, or a portion thereof. The invention features both receptor-specific antibodies and ligand-specific antibodies. The invention also features receptor-specific antibodies which do not prevent ligand binding but prevent receptor activation. Receptor activation (i.e., signaling) may be determined by techniques described herein or otherwise known in the art. For example, receptor activation can be determined by detecting the phosphorylation (e.g., tyrosine or serine/threonine) of the receptor or its substrate by immunoprecipitation followed by western blot analysis (for example, as described supra). In specific embodiments, antibodies are provided that inhibit ligand activity or receptor activity by at least 95%, at least 90%, at least 85%, at least 80%, at least 75%, at least 70%, at least 60%, or at least 50% of the activity in absence of the antibody.
[213] The invention also features receptor-specific antibodies which both prevent ligand binding and receptor activation as well as antibodies that recognize the receptor-ligand complex, and, preferably, do not specifically recognize the unbound receptor or the unbound ligand. Likewise, included in the invention are neutralizing antibodies which bind the ligand and prevent binding of the ligand to the receptor, as well as antibodies which bind the ligand, thereby preventing receptor activation, but do not prevent the ligand from binding the receptor. Further included in the invention are antibodies which activate the receptor. These antibodies may act as receptor agonists, i.e., potentiate or activate either all or a subset of the biological activities of the ligand-mediated receptor activation, for example, by inducing dimerization of the receptor. The antibodies may be specified as agonists, antagonists or inverse agonists for biological activities comprising the specific biological activities of the peptides of the invention disclosed herein. The above antibody agonists can be made using methods known in the art. See, e.g., PCT publication WO 96/40281; U.S. Patent No.
5,811,097; Deng et al., Blood 92(6):1981-1988 (1998); Chen et al., Cancer Res.
58(16):3668-3678 (1998); Harrop et al., J. Immunol. 161(4):1786-1794 (1998);
Zhu et al., Cancer Res. 58(15):3209-3214 (1998); Yoon et al., J. Immunol. 160(7):3170-3179 (1998);
Prat et al., J. Cell. Sci. 111(Pt2):237-247 (1998); Pitard et al., J. Immunol.
Methods 205(2):177-190 (1997); Liautard et al., Cytokine 9(4):233-241 (1997); Carlson et al., J. Biol.
Chem. 272(17):11295-11301 (1997); Taryman et al., Neuron 14(4):755-762 (1995);
Muller et al., Structure 6(9):1153-1167 (1998); Bartunek et al., Cytokine 8(1):14-20 (1996) (which ire all incorporated by reference herein in their entireties).
[214] Antibodies of the present invention may be used, for example, to purify, detect, and target the polypeptides of the present invention, including both in vitro and in vivo diagnostic and therapeutic methods. For example, the antibodies have utility in immunoassays for qualitatively and quantitatively measuring levels of the polypeptides of the present invention in biological samples. See, e.g., Harlow et al., Antibodies:
A Laboratory Manual, (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2nd ed. 1988); incorporated by reference herein in its entirety. .
[215] ~ As discussed in more detail below, the antibodies of the present invention may be used either alone or in combination with other compositions. The antibodies may further be recombinantly fused to a heterologous polypeptide at the N- or C-terminus or chemically conjugated (including covalent and non-covalent conjugations) to polypeptides or other compositions. For example, antibodies of the present invention may be recombinantly fused or conjugated to molecules useful as labels in detection assays and effector molecules such as heterologous polypeptides, drugs, radionuclides, or toxins. See, e.g., PCT
publications WO
92/08495; WO 91/14438; WO 89/12624; U.S. Patent No. 5,314,995; and EP 396,387;
the disclosures of which are incorporated herein by reference in their entireties.
[216] The antibodies of the invention include derivatives that are modified, i.e, by the covalent attachment of any type of molecule to the antibody such that covalent attachment does not prevent the antibody from generating an anti-idiotypic response. For example, but not by way of limitation, the antibody derivatives include antibodies that have been modified, e.g., by glycosylation, acetylation, pegylation, phosphylation, amidation, derivatization by known protecting/blocking groups, proteolytic cleavage, linkage to a cellular ligand or other protein, etc. Any of numerous chemical modifications may be carried out by known techniques, including, but not limited to specific chemical cleavage, acetylation, formylation, metabolic synthesis of tunicamycin, etc. Additionally, the derivative may contain one or more non-classical amino acids.
[217] T'he antibodies of the present invention may be generated by any suitable method known in the art. Polyclonal antibodies to an antigen-of interest can be produced by various procedures well known in the art. For example, a polypeptide of the invention can be administered to various host animals including, but not limited to, rabbits, mice, rats, etc. to induce the production of sera containing polyclonal antibodies specific for the antigen.

Various adjuvants may be used to increase the immunological response, depending on the host species, and include but are not limited to, Freund's (complete and incomplete), mineral gels such as aluminum hydroxide, surface active substances such as lysolecithin, pluronic polyols, polyanions, peptides, oil emulsions, keyhole limpet hemocyanins, dinitrophenol, and potentially useful human adjuvants such as BCG (bacille Calmette-Guerin) and corynebaeterium parvum. Such adjuvants are also well known in the art.
[218] Monoclonal antibodies can be prepared using a wide variety of techniques known in the art including the use of hybridoma, recombinant, and phage display technologies, or a combination thereof. For example, monoclonal antibodies can be produced using hybridoma techniques including those known in the art and taught, for example, in Harlow et al., Antibodies: A Laboratory Manual, (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2nd ed.
1988);
Hammerling, et al., in: Monoclonal Antibodies and T-Cell Hybridomas 563-681 (Elsevier, N.Y., 1981) (said references incorporated by reference in their entireties).
The term "monoclonal antibody" as used herein is not limited to antibodies produced through hybridoma technology. The term "monoclonal antibody" refers to an antibody that is derived from a single clone, including any eukaryotic, prokaryotic, or phage clone, and not the method by which it is produced.
[219] Methods for producing and screening for specific antibodies using hybridoma technology are routine and well known in the art and are discussed in detail in the Examples.
In a non-limiting example, mice can be immunized with a polypeptide of the invention or a cell expressing such peptide. Once an immune response is detected, e.g., antibodies specific for the antigen are detected in the mouse serum, the mouse spleen is harvested and splenocytes isolated. The splenocytes are then fused by well known techniques to any suitable myeloma cells, for example cells from cell line SP20 available from the ATCC.
Hybridomas are selected and cloned by limited dilution. The hybridoma clones are then assayed by methods known in the art for cells that secrete antibodies capable of binding a polypeptide of the invention. Ascites fluid, which generally contains high levels of antibodies, can be generated by immunizing mice with positive hybridoma clones.
[220] Accordingly, the present invention provides methods of generating monoclonal antibodies as well as antibodies produced by the method comprising culturing a hybridoma cell secreting an antibody of the invention wherein, preferably, the hybridoma is generated by fusing splenocytes isolated from a mouse immunized with an antigen of the invention with myeloma cells and then screening the hybridomas resulting from the fusion for hybridoma Tones that secrete an antibody able to bind a polypeptide of the invention.
[221] Another well known method for producing both polyclonal and monoclonal human B cell lines is transformation using Epstein Barr Virus (EBV). Protocols for generating EBV-transformed B cell lines are commonly known in the art, such as, for example, the protocol outlined in Chapter 7.22 of Current Protocols in Immunology, Coligan et al., Eds., 1994, John Wiley & Sons, NY, which is hereby incorporated in its entirety by reference. The source of B cells for transformation is commonly human peripheral blood, but B
cells for transformation may also be derived from other sources including, but not limited to, lymph nodes, tonsil, spleen, tumor tissue, and infected tissues. Tissues are generally made into single cell suspensions prior to EBV transformation. Additionally, steps may be taken to either physically remove or inactivate T cells (e.g., by treatment with cyclosporin A) in B
cell-containing samples, because T cells from individuals seropositive for anti-EBV
antibodies can suppress B cell immortalization by EBV.
[222] In general, the sample containing human B cells is innoculated with EBV, and cultured for 3-4 weeks. A typical source of EBV is the culture supernatant of the B95-8 cell line (ATCC #VR-1492). Physical signs of EBV transformation can generally be seen towards the end of the 3-4 week culture period. By phase-contrast microscopy, transformed cells may appear large, clear, hairy and tend to aggregate in tight clusters of cells. Initially, EBV lines are generally polyclonal. However, over prolonged periods of cell cultures, EBV
lines may become monoclonal or polyclonal as a result of the selective outgrowth of particular B cell clones. Alternatively, polyclonal EBV transformed lines may be subcloned (e.g., by limiting dilution culture) or fused with a suitable fusion partner and plated at limiting dilution to obtain monoclonal B cell lines. Suitable fusion partners for EBV
transformed cell lines include mouse myeloma cell lines (e.g., SP2/0, X63-Ag8.653), heteromyeloma cell lines (human x mouse; e.g, SPAM-8, SBC-H20, and CB-F7), and human cell lines (e.g., GM 1500, SKO-007, RPMI 8226, and KR-4). Thus, the present invention also provides a method of generating polyclonal or monoclonal human antibodies against polypeptides of the invention or fragments thereof, comprising EBV-transformation of human B cells.
[223] Antibody fragments which recognize specific epitopes may be generated by known techniques. For example, Fab and F(ab')2 fragments of the invention may be produced by proteolytic cleavage of immunoglobulin molecules, using enzymes such as papain (to produce Fab fragments) or pepsin (to produce F(ab')2 fragments). F(ab')2 fragments contain the variable region, the light chain constant region and the CH1 domain of the heavy chain.
[224] For example, the antibodies of the present invention can also be generated using various phage display methods known in the art. In phage display methods, functional antibody domains are displayed on the surface of phage particles which carry the polynucleotide sequences encoding them. In a particular embodiment, such phage can be utilized to display antigen binding domains expressed from a repertoire or combinatorial antibody library (e.g., human or murine). Phage expressing an antigen binding domain that binds the antigen of interest can be selected or identified with antigen, e.g., using labeled antigen or antigen bound or captured to a solid surface or bead. Phage used in these methods are typically filamentous phage including fd and M13 binding domains expressed from phage with Fab, Fv or disulfide stabilized Fv antibody domains recombinantly fused to either the phage gene III or gene VIII protein. Examples of phage display methods that can be used to make the antibodies of the present invention include those disclosed in Brinkman et al., J.
Immunol. Methods 182:41-50 (1995); Ames et al., J. Immunol. Methods 184:177-(1995); Kettleborough et al., Eur. J. Immunol. 24:952-958 (1994); Persic et al., Gene 187 9-18 (1997); Burton et al., Advances in Immunology 57:191-280 (1994); PCT
application No.
PCT/GB91/01134; PCT publications WO 90/02809; WO 91/10737; WO 92/01047; WO
92/18619; WO 93/11236; WO 95/15982; WO 95/20401; and U.S. Patent Nos.
5,698,426;
5,223;409; 5,403,484; 5,580,717; 5,427,908; 5,750,753; 5,821,047; 5,571,698;
5,427,908;
5,516,637; 5,780,225; 5,658,727; 5,733,743 and 5,969,108; each of which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.
[225] As described in the above references, after phage selection, the antibody coding regions from the phage can be isolated and used to generate whole antibodies, including human antibodies, or any other desired antigen binding fragment, and expressed in any desired host, including mammalian cells, insect cells, plant cells, yeast, and bacteria, e.g., as described in detail below. For example, techniques to recombinantly produce Fab, Fab' and F(ab')2 fragments can also be employed using methods known in the art such as those disclosed in PCT publication WO 92/22324; Mullinax et al., BioTechniques 12(6):864-869 (1992); and Sawai et al., AJRI 34:26-34 (1995); and Better et al., Science 240:1041-1043 ( 1988) (said references incorporated by reference in their entireties).
[226] Examples of techniques which can be used to produce single-chain Fvs and antibodies include those described in U.S. Patents 4,946,778 and 5,258,498;
Huston et al., Methods in Enzymology 203:46-88 (1991); Shu et al., PNAS 90:7995-7999 (1993);
and Skerra et al., Science 240:1038-1040 (1988). For some uses, including in vivo use of antibodies in humans and in vitro detection assays, it may be preferable to use chimeric, humanized, or human antibodies. A chimeric antibody is a molecule in which different portions of the antibody are derived from different animal species, such as antibodies having a variable region derived from a murine monoclonal antibody and a human immunoglobulin constant region. Methods for producing chimeric antibodies are known in the art. See e.g., Mornson, Science 229:1202 (1985); Oi et al., BioTechniques 4:214 (1986);
Gillies et al., (1989) J. Immunol. Methods 125:191-202; U.S. Patent Nos. 5,807,715; 4,816,567;
and 4,816397, which are incorporated herein by reference in their entirety.
Humanized antibodies are antibody molecules from non-human species antibody that binds the desired antigen having one or more complementarity determining regions (CDRs) from the non-human species and a framework regions from a human immunoglobulin molecule.
Often, framework residues in the human framework regions will be substituted with the corresponding residue from the CDR donor antibody to alter, preferably improve, antigen binding. These framework substitutions are identified by methods well known in the art, e.g., by modeling of the interactions of the CDR and framework residues to identify framework residues important for antigen binding and sequence comparison to identify unusual framework residues at particular positions. (See, e.g., Queen et al., U.S.
Patent No.
5,585,089; Riechmann et al., Nature 332:323 (1988), which are incorporated herein by reference in their entireties.) Antibodies can be humanized using a variety of techniques known in the art including, for example, CDR-grafting (EP 239,400; PCT
publication WO
91/09967; U.S. Patent Nos. 5,225,539; 5,530,101; and 5,585,089), veneering or resurfacing (EP 592,106; EP 519,596; Padlan, Molecular Immunology 28(4/5):489-498 (1991);
Studnicka et al., Protein Engineering 7(6):805-814 (1994); Roguska. et al., PNAS 91:969-973 (1994)), and chain shuffling (U.S. Patent No. 5,565,332).
[227] Completely human antibodies are particularly desirable for therapeutic treatment of human patients. Human antibodies can be made by a variety of methods known in the art including phage display methods described above using antibody libraries derived from human immunoglobulin sequences. See also, U.S. Patent Nos. 4,444,887 and 4,716,111; and PCT publications WO 98/46645, WO 98/50433, WO 98/24893, WO 98/16654, WO
96/34096, WO 96/33735, and WO 91/10741; each of which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

[228] Human antibodies can also be produced using transgenic mice which are incapable bf expressing functional endogenous immunoglobulins, but which can express human immunoglobulin genes. For example, the human heavy and light chain immunoglobulin gene complexes may be introduced randomly or by homologous recombination into mouse embryonic stem cells. Alternatively, the human variable region, constant region, and diversity region may be introduced into mouse embryonic stem cells in addition to the human heavy and light chain genes. The mouse heavy and light chain immunoglobulin genes may be rendered non-functional separately or simultaneously with the introduction of human immunoglobulin loci by homologous recombination. In particular, homozygous deletion of the JH region prevents endogenous antibody production. The modified embryonic stem cells are expanded and microinjected into blastocysts to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to produce homozygous offspring which express human antibodies. The transgenic mice are immunized in the normal fashion with a selected antigen, e.g., all or a portion of a polypeptide of the invention. Monoclonal antibodies directed against the antigen can be obtained from the immunized, transgenic mice using conventional hybridoma technology. The human immunoglobulin transgenes harbored by the transgenic mice rearrange during B cell differentiation, and subsequently undergo class switching and somatic mutation. Thus, using such a technique, it is possible to produce therapeutically useful IgG, IgA, IgM and IgE antibodies. For an overview of this technology for producing human antibodies, see Lonberg and Huszar, Int. Rev. Immunol. 13:65-93 (1995).
For a detailed discussion of this technology for producing human antibodies and human monoclonal antibodies and protocols for producing such antibodies, see, e.g., PCT
publications WO 98/24893; WO 92/01047; WO 96/34096; WO 96/33735; European Patent No. 0 598 877; U.S. Patent Nos. 5,413,923; 5,625,126; 5,633,425; 5,569,825;
5,661,016;
5,545,806; 5,814,318; 5,885,793; 5,916,771; 5,939,598; 6,075,181; and 6,114,598, which are incorporated by reference herein in their entirety. 'In addition, companies such as Abgenix, Inc. (Freemont, CA) and Genpharm (San Jose, CA) can be engaged to provide human antibodies directed against a selected antigen using technology similar to that described above.
[229] Completely human antibodies which recognize a selected epitope can be generated using a technique referred to as "guided selection." In this approach a selected non-human monoclonal antibody, e.g., a mouse antibody, is used to guide the selection of a completely human antibody recognizing the same epitope. (Jespers et al., Biotechnology 12:899-903 (1988)).
[230] Further, antibodies to the polypeptides of the invention can, in turn, be utilized to generate anti-idiotype antibodies that "mimic" polypeptides of the invention using~techniques well known to those skilled in the art. (See, e.g., Greenspan & Bona, FASEB J.
7(5):437-444;
(1989) and Nissinoff, J. Immunol. 147(8):2429-2438 (1991)). For example, antibodies which bind to and competitively inhibit polypeptide multimerization and/or binding of a polypeptide of the invention to a ligand can be used to generate anti-idiotypes that "mimic"
the polypeptide multimerization and/or binding domain and, as a consequence, bind to and neutralize polypeptide and/or its ligand. Such neutralizing anti-idiotypes or Fab fragments of such anti-idiotypes can be used in therapeutic regimens to neutralize polypeptide ligand(s)/receptor(s). For example, such anti-idiotypic antibodies can be used to bind a polypeptide of the invention and/or to bind its ligand(s)/receptor(s), and thereby block its biological activity. Alternatively, antibodies which bind to and enhance polypeptide multimerization and/or binding, and/or receptor/ligand multimerization, binding and/or signaling can be used to generate anti-idiotypes that function as agonists of a polypeptide of the invention and/or its ligand/receptor. Such agonistic anti-idiotypes or Fab fragments of such anti-idiotypes can be used in therapeutic regimens as agonists of the polypeptides of the invention or its ligand(s)/receptor(s). For example, such anti-idiotypic antibodies can be used to bind a polypeptide of the invention and/or to bind its ligand(s)/receptor(s), and thereby promote or enhance its biological activity.
[231] Intrabodies of the invention can be produced using methods known in the art, such as those disclosed and reviewed in Chen et al., Hum. Gene Ther. 5:595-601 (1994); Marasco, W.A., Gene Ther. 4:11-15 (1997); Rondon and Marasco, Annu. Rev. Microbiol.
51:257-283 (1997); Proba et al., J. Mol. Biol. 275:245-253 (1998); Cohen et al., Oncogene 17:2445-2456 (1998); Ohage and Steipe, J. Mol. Biol. 291:1119-1128 (1999); Ohage et al., J.
Mol. Biol.
291:1129-1134 (1999); Wirtz and Steipe, Protein Sci. 8:2245-2250 (1999); Zhu et al., J.
Immunol. Methods 231:207-222 (1999); and references cited therein.
Polynucleotides Encoding Antibodies (232) The invention further provides polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence encoding an antibody of the invention and fragments thereof. The invention also encompasses polynucleotides that hybridize under stringent or alternatively, under lower stringency hybridization conditions, e.g., as defined supra, to polynucleotides that encode an antibody, preferably, that specifically binds to a polypeptide of the invention, preferably, an antibody that binds to a polypeptide having the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID
NO:Y, to a polypeptide encoded by a portion of SEQ ID NO:X as defined in columns 8 and 9 of Table 2, and/or to a polypeptide encoded by the cDNA contained in Clone ID NO:Z.
[233] The polynucleotides may be obtained, and the nucleotide sequence of the polynucleotides determined, by any method known in the art. For example, if the nucleotide sequence of the antibody is known, a polynucleotide encoding the antibody may be assembled from chemically synthesized oligonucleotides (e.g., as described in Kutmeier et al., BioTechniques 17:242 (1994)), which, briefly, involves the synthesis of overlapping oligonucleotides containing portions of the sequence encoding the antibody, annealing and ligating of those oligonucleotides, and then amplification of the ligated oligonucleotides by PCR.
[234] Alternatively, a polynucleotide encoding an antibody may be generated from nucleic acid from a suitable source. If a clone containing a nucleic acid encoding a particular antibody is not available, but the sequence of the antibody molecule is known, a nucleic acid encoding the immunoglobulin may be chemically synthesized or obtained from a suitable source (e.g., an antibody cDNA library, or a cDNA library generated from, or nucleic acid, preferably poly A+ RNA, isolated from, any tissue or cells expressing the antibody, such as hybridoma cells selected to express an antibody of the invention) by PCR
amplification using synthetic primers hybridizable to the 3' and 5' ends of the sequence or by cloning using an oligonucleotide probe specific for the particular gene sequence to identify, e.g., a cDNA
clone from a cDNA library that encodes the antibody. Amplified nucleic acids generated by PCR may then be cloned into replicable cloning vectors using any method well known in the art.
[235] Once the nucleotide sequence and corresponding amino acid sequence of the antibody is determined, the nucleotide sequence of the antibody may be manipulated using methods well known in the art for the manipulation of nucleotide sequences, e.g., recombinant DNA techniques, site directed mutagenesis, PCR, etc. (see, for example, the techniques described in Sambrook et al., 1990, Molecular Cloning, A Laboratory Manual, 2d Ed., Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY and Ausubel et al., eds., 1998, Current Protocols in Molecular Biology, John Wiley & Sons, NY, which are both incorporated by reference herein in their entireties ), to generate antibodies having a different amino acid sequence, for example to create amino acid substitutions, deletions, and/or insertions.
[236] In a specific embodiment, the amino aczd sequence of the heavy and/or light chain variable domains may be inspected to identify the sequences of the complementarity determining regions (CDRs) by methods that are well know in the art, e.g., by comparison to known amino acid sequences of other heavy and light chain variable regions to determine the regions of sequence hypervariability. Using routine recombinant DNA
techniques, one or more of the CDRs may be inserted within framework regions, e.g., into human framework regions to humanize a non-human antibody, as described supra. The framework regions may be naturally occurnng or consensus framework regions, and preferably human framework regions (see, e.g., Chothia et al., J. Mol. Biol. 278: 457-479 (1998) for a listing of human framework regions). Preferably, the polynucleotide generated by the combination of the framework regions and CDRs encodes an antibody that specifically binds a polypeptide of the invention. Preferably, as discussed supra, one or more amino acid substitutions may be made within the framework regions, and, preferably, the amino acid substitutions improve binding of the antibody to its antigen. Additionally, such methods may be used to make amino acid substitutions or deletions of one or more variable region cysteine residues participating in an intrachain disulfide bond to generate antibody molecules lacking one or more intrachain disulfide bonds. Other alterations to the polynucleotide are encompassed by the present invention and within the skill of the art.
[237] In addition, techniques developed for the production of "chimeric antibodies"
(Morrison et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 81:851-855 (1984); Neuberger et al., Nature 312:604-608 (1984); Takeda et al., Nature 314:452-454 (1985)) by splicing genes from a mouse antibody molecule of appropriate antigen specificity together with genes from a human antibody molecule of appropriate biological activity can be used. As described supra, a chimeric antibody is a molecule in which different portions are derived from different animal species, such as those having a variable region derived from a murine mAb and a human immunoglobulin constant region, e.g., humanized antibodies.
[238] Alternatively, techniques described for the production of single chain antibodies (U.S. Patent No. 4,946,778; Bird, Science 242:423- 42 (1988); Huston et al., Proc. Natl.
Acad. Sci. USA 85:5879-5883 (1988); and Ward et al., Nature 334:544-54 (1989)) can be adapted to produce single chain antibodies. Single chain antibodies are formed by linking the heavy and light chain fragments of the Fv region via an amino acid bridge, resulting in a single chain polypeptide. Techniques for the assembly of functional Fv fragments in E. coli may also be used (Skerra et al., Science 242:1038- 1041 (1988)).
Methods o, f Producing Antibodies [239] The antibodies of the invention can be produced by any method known in the art for the synthesis of antibodies, in particular, by chemical synthesis or preferably, by recombinant expression techniques. Methods of producing antibodies include, but are not limited to, hybridoma technology, EBV transformation, and other methods discussed herein as well as through the use recombinant DNA technology, as discussed below.
[240] Recombinant expression of an antibody of the invention, or fragment, derivative or analog thereof, (e.g., a heavy or light chain of an antibody of the invention or a single chain antibody of the invention), requires construction of an expression vector containing a polynuclebtide that encodes the antibody. Once a polynucleotide encoding an antibody molecule or a heavy or light chain of an antibody, or portion thereof (preferably containing the heavy or light chain variable domain), of the invention has been obtained, the vector for the production of the antibody molecule may be produced by recombinant DNA
technology using techniques well known in the art. Thus, methods for preparing a protein by expressing a polynucleotide containing an antibody encoding nucleotide sequence are described herein.
Methods which are well known to those skilled in the art can be used to construct expression vectors containing antibody coding sequences and appropriate transcriptional and translational control signals. These methods include, for example, in vitro recombinant DNA
techniques, synthetic techniques, and in vivo genetic recombination. The invention, thus, provides replicable vectors comprising a nucleotide sequence encoding an antibody molecule of the invention, or a heavy or light chain thereof, or a heavy or light chain variable domain, operably linked to a promoter. Such vectors may include the nucleotide sequence encoding the constant region of the antibody molecule (see, e.g., PCT Publication WO
86/05807; PCT
Publication WO 89/01036; and U.S. Patent No. 5,122,464) and the variable domain of the antibody may be cloned into such a vector for expression of the entire heavy or light chain.
[241] The expression vector is transferred to a host cell by conventional techniques and the transfected cells are then cultured by conventional techniques to produce an antibody of the invention. Thus, the invention includes host cells containing a polynucleotide encoding an antibody of the invention, or a heavy or light chain thereof, or a single chain antibody of the invention, operably linked to a heterologous promoter. In preferred embodiments for the expression of double-chained antibodies, vectors encoding both the heavy and light chains may be co-expressed in the host cell for expression of the entire immunoglobulin molecule, as detailed below.
[242] A variety of host-expression vector systems may be utilized to express the antibody molecules of the invention. Such host-expression systems represent vehicles by which the coding sequences of interest may be produced and subsequently purified, but also represent cells which may, when transformed or transfected with the appropriate nucleotide coding sequences, express an antibody molecule of the invention in situ. These include but are not limited to microorganisms such as bacteria (e.g., E. coli, B.
subtilis) transformed with recombinant bacteriophage DNA, plasmid DNA or cosmid DNA expression vectors containing antibody coding sequences; yeast (e.g., Saccharomyces, Pichia) transformed with recombinant yeast expression vectors containing antibody coding sequences;
insect cell systems infected with recombinant virus expression vectors (e.g., baculovirus) containing antibody coding sequences; plant cell systems infected with recombinant virus expression vectors (e.g., cauliflower mosaic virus, CaMV; tobacco mosaic virus, TMV) or transformed with recombinant plasmid expression vectors (e.g., Ti plasmid) containing antibody coding sequences; or mammalian cell systems (e.g., COS, CHO, BHK, 293, 3T3 cells) harboring recombinant expression constructs containing promoters derived from the genome of mammalian cells (e.g., metallothionein promoter) or from mammalian viruses (e.g., the adenovirus late promoter; the vaccinia virus 7.5K promoter). Preferably, bacterial cells such as Escherichia coli, and more preferably, eukaryotic cells, especially for the expression of whole recombinant antibody molecule, are used for the expression of a recombinant antibody molecule. For example, mammalian cells such as Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO), in conjunction with a vector such as the major intermediate early gene promoter element from human cytomegalovirus is an effective expression system for antibodies (Foecking et al., Gene 45:101 (1986); Cockett et al., Bio/Technology 8:2 (1990)).
[243] In bacterial systems, a number of expression vectors may be advantageously selected depending upon the use intended for the antibody molecule being expressed. For example, when a large quantity of such a protein is to be produced, for the generation of pharmaceutical compositions of an antibody molecule, vectors which direct the expression of high levels of fusion protein products that are readily purified may be desirable. Such vectors include, but are not limited, to the E. coli expression vector pUR278 (Ruther et al., EMBO J. 2:1791 (1983)), in which the antibody coding sequence may be ligated individually into the vector in frame with the lac Z coding region so that a fusion protein is produced; pIN vectors (Inouye & Inouye, Nucleic Acids Res. 13:3101-3109 (1985); Van Heeke & Schuster, J. Biol. Chem. 24:5503-5509.(1989)); and the like. pGEX
vectors may also be used to express foreign polypeptides as fusion proteins with glutathione S-transferase (GST). In general, such fusion proteins are soluble and can easily be purified from lysed cells by adsorption and binding to matrix glutathione-agarose beads followed by elution in the presence of free glutathione. The pGEX vectors are designed to include thrombin or factor Xa protease cleavage sites so that the cloned target gene product can be released from the GST moiety.
[244] In an insect system, Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AcNPV) is used as a vector to express foreign genes. The virus grows in Spodoptera frugiperda cells.
The antibody coding sequence may be cloned individually into non-essential regions (for example the polyhedrin gene) of the virus and placed under control of an AcNPV
promoter (for example the polyhedrin promoter).
[245] In mammalian host cells, a number of viral-based expression systems may be utilized. In cases where an adenovirus is used as an expression vector, the antibody coding sequence of interest may be ligated to an adenovirus transcription/translation control complex, e.g., the late promoter and tripartite leader sequence. This chimeric gene may then be inserted in the adenovirus genome by in vitro or in vivo recombination.
Insertion in a non-essential region of the viral genome (e.g., region E1 or E3) will result in a recombinant virus that is viable and capable of expressing the antibody molecule in infected hosts. (e.g., see Logan & Shenk, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 81:355-359 (1984)). Specific initiation signals may also be required for efficient translation of inserted antibody coding sequences. These signals include the ATG initiation codon and adjacent sequences. Furthermore, the initiation codon must be in phase with the reading frame of the desired coding sequence to ensure translation of the entire insert. These exogenous translational control signals and initiation codons can be of a variety of origins, both natural and synthetic. The efficiency of expression may be enhanced by the inclusion of appropriate transcription enhancer elements, transcription terminators, etc. (see Bittner et al., Methods in Enzymol.
153:51-544 (1987)).
[246] In addition, a host cell strain may be chosen which modulates the expression of the inserted sequences, or modifies and processes the gene product in the specific fashion desired. Such modifications (e.g., glycosylation) and processing (e.g., cleavage) of protein products may be important for the function of the protein. Different host cells have characteristic and specific mechanisms for the post-translational processing and modification of proteins and gene products. Appropriate cell lines or host systems can be chosen to ensure the correct modification and processing of the foreign protein expressed. To this end, eukaryotic host cells which possess the cellular machinery for proper processing of the primary transcript, glycosylation, and phosphorylation of the gene product may be used.
Such mammalian host cells include but are not limited to CHO, VERY, BHK, Hela, COS, MDCK, 293, 3T3, WI38, and in particular, breast cancer cell lines such as, for example, BT483, Hs578T, HTB2, BT20 and T47D, and normal mammary gland cell line such as, for example, CRL7030 and Hs578Bst.
[247] For long-term, high-yield production of recombinant proteins, stable expression is preferred. For example, cell lines which stably express the antibody molecule may be engineered. Rather than using expression vectors which contain viral origins of replication, host cells can be transformed with DNA controlled by appropriate expression control elements (e.g., promoter, enhancer, sequences, transcription terminators, polyadenylation sites, etc.), and a selectable marker. Following the introduction of the foreign DNA, engineered cells may be allowed to grow for 1-2 days in an enriched media, and then are switched to a selective media. The selectable marker in the recombinant plasmid confers resistance to the selection and allows cells to stably integrate the plasmid into their chromosomes and grow to form foci which in turn can be cloned and expanded into cell lines. This method may advantageously be used to engineer cell lines which express the antibody molecule. Such engineered cell lines may be particularly useful in screening and evaluation of compounds that interact directly or indirectly with the antibody molecule.
[248] A number of selection systems may be used, including but not limited to the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (Wigler et al., Cell 11:223 (1977)), hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (Szybalska & Szybalski, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA
48:202 (1992)), and adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (Lowy et al., Cell 22:817 (1980)) genes can be employed in tk-, hgprt- or aprt- cells, respectively. Also, antimetabolite resistance can be used as the basis of selection for the following genes: dhfr, which confers resistance to methotrexate (Wigler et al., Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 77:357 (1980); O'Hare et al., Proc. Natl.
Acad. Sci. USA 78:1527 (1981)); gpt, which confers resistance to mycophenolic acid (Mulligan & Berg, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 78:2072 (1981)); neo, which confers resistance to the aminoglycoside G-418 Clinical Pharmacy 12:488-505; Wu and Wu, Biotherapy 3:87-95 (1991); Tolstoshev, Ann. Rev. Pharmacol. Toxicol. 32:573-596 (1993);

Mulligan, Science 260:926-932 (1993); and Morgan and Anderson, Ann. Rev.
Biochem.
62:191-217 (1993); May, 1993, TIB TECH 11(5):155-215 (1993)); and hygro, which confers resistance to hygromycin (Santerre et al., Gene 30:147 (1984)). Methods commonly known in the art of recombinant DNA technology may be routinely applied to select the desired recombinant clone, and such methods are described, for example, in Ausubel et al. (eds.), Current Protocols in Molecular Biology, John Wiley & Sons, NY (1993);
Kriegler, Gene Transfer and Expression, A Laboratory Manual, Stockton Press, NY (1990); and in Chapters 12 and 13, Dracopoli et al. (eds), Current Protocols in Human Genetics, John Wiley & Sons, NY (1994); Colberre-Garapin et al., J. Mol. Biol. 150:1 (1981), which are incorporated by reference herein in their entireties.
(249] The expression levels of an antibody molecule can be increased by vector amplification (for a review, see Bebbington and Hentschel, The use of vectors based on gene amplification for the expression of cloned genes in mammalian cells in DNA
cloning, Vol.3.
(Academic Press, New York, 1987)). When a marker in the vector system expressing antibody is amplifiable, increase in the level of inhibitor present in culture of host cell will increase the number of copies of the marker gene. Since the amplified region is associated with the antibody gene, production of the antibody will also increase (Grouse et al., Mol.
Cell. Biol. 3:257 (1983)).
[250] Vectors which use glutamine synthase (GS) or DHFR as the selectable markers can be amplified in the presence of the drugs methionine sulphoximine or methotrexate, respectively. An advantage of glutamine synthase based vectors are the availabilty of cell lines (e.g., the marine myeloma cell line, NSO) which are glutamine synthase negative.
Glutamine synthase expression systems can also function in glutamine synthase expressing cells (e.g. Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells) by providing additional inhibitor to prevent the functioning of ~ the endogenous gene. A glutamine synthase expression system and components thereof are detailed in PCT publications: W087/04462; W086/05807;
W089/01036; W089/10404; and W091/06657 which are incorporated in their entireties by reference herein. Additionally, glutamine synthase expression vectors that may be used according to the present invention are commercially available from suplliers, including, for example Lonza Biologics, Inc. (Portsmouth, NH). Expression and production of monoclonal antibodies using a GS expression system in marine myeloma cells is described in Bebbington et al., Bioltechnology 10:169(1992) and in Biblia and Robinson Biotechnol.
Prog. 11:1 (1995) which are incorporated in their entirities by reference herein.

[251 ] The host cell may be co-transfected with two expression vectors of the invention, the first vector encoding a heavy chain derived polypeptide and the second vector encoding a light chain derived polypeptide. The two vectors may contain identical selectable markers which enable equal expression of heavy and light chain polypeptides.
Alternatively, a single vector may be used which encodes, and is capable of expressing, both heavy and light chain polypeptides. In such situations, the light chain should be placed before the heavy chain to avoid an excess of toxic free heavy chain (Proudfoot, Nature 322:52 (1986);
Kohler, Proc.
Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 77:2197 (1980)). -The coding sequences for the heavy and light chains may comprise cDNA or genomic DNA.
[252] Once an antibody molecule of the invention has been produced by an animal, chemically synthesized, or recombinantly expressed, it may be purified by any method known in the art for purification of an immunoglobulin molecule, for example, by chromatography (e.g., ion exchange, affinity, particularly by affinity for the specific antigen after Protein A, and sizing column chromatography), centrifugation, differential solubility, or by any other standard technique for the purification of proteins. In addition, the antibodies of the present invention or fragments thereof can be fused to heterologous polypeptide sequences described herein or otherwise known in the art, to facilitate purification.
[253] The present invention encompasses antibodies recombinantly fused or chemically conjugated (including both covalently and non-covalently conjugations) to a polypeptide (or portion thereof, preferably at least 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 or 100 amino acids of the polypeptide) of the present invention to generate fusion proteins. The fusion does not necessarily need to be direct, but may occur through linker sequences. The antibodies may be specific for antigens other than polypeptides (or portion thereof, preferably at least 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 or 100 amino acids of the polypeptide) of the present invention.
For example, antibodies may be used to target the polypeptides of the present invention to particular cell types, either in vitro or in vivo, by fusing or conjugating the polypeptides of the present invention to antibodies specific for particular cell surface receptors. Antibodies fused or conjugated to the polypeptides of the present invention may also be used in in vitro immunoassays and purification methods using methods known in the art. See e.g., Harbor et al., supra, and PCT publication WO 93/21232; EP 439,095; Naramura et al., Immunol. Lett.
39:91-99 (1994); U.S. Patent 5,474,981; Gillies et al., PNAS 89:1428-1432 (1992); Fell et al., J. Immunol. 146:2446=2452 (1991), which are incorporated by reference in their entireties.

[254] The present invention further includes compositions comprising the polypeptides of the present invention fused or conjugated to antibody domains other than the variable regions. For example, the polypeptides of the present invention may be fused or conjugated to an antibody Fc region, or portion thereof. The antibody portion fused to a polypeptide of the present invention may comprise the constant region, hinge region, CHl domain, CH2 domain, and CH3 domain or any combination of whole domains or portions thereof. The polypeptides may also be fused or conjugated to the above antibody portions to form multimers. For example, Fc portions fused to the polypeptides of the present invention can form dimers through disulfide bonding between the Fc portions. Higher multimeric forms can be made by fusing the polypeptides to portions of IgA and IgM. Methods for fusing or conjugating the polypeptides of the present invention to antibody portions are known in the art. See, e.g., U.S. Patent Nos. 5,336,603; 5,622,929; 5,359,046; 5,349,053;
5,447,851;
5,112,946; EP 307,434; EP 367,166; PCT publications WO 96/04388; WO 91/06570;
Ashkenazi et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88:10535-10539 (1991); Zheng et al., J.
Immunol. 154:5590-5600 (1995); and Vil et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA
89:11337- 11341 (1992) (said references incorporated by reference in their entireties).
[255J As discussed, supra, the polypeptides corresponding to a polypeptide, polypeptide fragment, or a variant of SEQ ID NO:Y may be fused or conjugated to the above antibody portions to increase the in vivo half life of the polypeptides or for use in immunoassays using methods known in the art. Further, the polypeptides corresponding to SEQ ID
NO:Y may be fused or conjugated to the above antibody portions to facilitate purification.
One reported example describes chimeric proteins consisting of the first two domains of the human CD4-polypeptide and various domains of the constant regions of the heavy or light chains of mammalian immunoglobulins. See EP 394,827; and Traunecker et al., Nature 331:84-86 (1988). The polypeptides of the present invention fused or conjugated to an antibody having disulfide- linked dimeric structures (due to the IgG) may also be more efficient in binding and neutralizing other molecules, than the monomeric secreted protein or protein fragment alone. See, for example, Fountoulakis et al., J. Biochem. 270:3958-3964 (1995). In many cases, the Fc part in a fusion protein is beneficial in therapy and diagnosis, and thus can result in, for example, improved pharmacokinetic properties. See, for example, EP A
232,262.
Alternatively, deleting the Fc part after the fusion protein has been expressed, detected, and purified, would be desired. 'For example, the Fc portion may hinder therapy and diagnosis if the fusion protein is used as an antigen for immunizations. In drug discovery, for example, human proteins, such as hIL-5, have been fused with Fc portions for the purpose of high-throughput screening assays to identify antagonists of hIL-5. (See, Bennett et al., J.
Molecular Recognition 8:52-58 (1995); Johanson et al., J. Biol. Chem. 270:9459-(1995)).
[256] Moreover, the antibodies or fragments thereof of the present invention can be fused to marker sequences, such as a peptide to facilitate purification. In preferred embodiments, the marker amino acid sequence is a hexa-histidine peptide, such as the tag provided in a pQE vector (QIAGEN, Inc., 9259 Eton Avenue, Chatsworth, CA, 91311), among others, many of which are commercially available. As described in Gentz et al., Proc.
Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 86:821-824 (1989), for instance, hexa-histidine provides for convenient purification of the fusion protein. Other peptide tags useful for purification include, but are not limited to, the "HA" tag, which corresponds to an epitope derived from the influenza hemagglutinin protein (Wilson et al., Cell 37:767 (1984)) and the "flag" tag.
[257] The present invention further encompasses antibodies or fragments thereof conjugated to a diagnostic or therapeutic agent. The antibodies can be used diagnostically to, for example, monitor the development or progression of a tumor as part of a clinical testing procedure to, e.g., determine the efficacy of a given treatment regimen. Detection can be facilitated by coupling the antibody to a detectable substance.
Examples of detectable substances include various enzymes, prosthetic groups, fluorescent materials, luminescent materials, bioluminescent materials, radioactive materials, positron emitting metals using various positron emission tomographies, and nonradioactive paramagnetic metal ions. The detectable substance may be coupled or conjugated either directly to the antibody (or fragment thereof) or indirectly, through an intermediate (such as, for example, a linker known in the art) using techniques known in the art. See, for example, U.S. Patent No. 4,741,900 for metal ions which can be conjugated to antibodies for use as diagnostics according to the present invention. Examples of suitable enzymes include horseradish peroxidase, alkaline phosphatase, beta-galactosidase, or acetylcholinesterase; examples of suitable prosthetic group complexes include streptavidin/biotin and avidin/biotin; examples of suitable fluorescent materials include umbelliferone, fluorescein, fluorescein isothiocyanate, rhodamine, dichlorotriazinylamine fluorescein, dansyl chloride or phycoerythrin; an example of a luminescent material includes luminol; examples of bioluminescent materials include luciferase, luciferin, and aequorin; and examples of suitable radioactive material include 125I, 131I, 1 llln or 99Tc.

[258] Further, an antibody or fragment thereof may be conjugated to a therapeutic moiety such as a cytotoxin, e.g., a cytostatic or cytocidal agent, a therapeutic agent or a radioactive metal ion, e.g., alpha-emitters such , as, for example, 213Bi. A
cytotoxin or cytotoxic agent includes any agent that is detrimental to cells. Examples include paclitaxol, ' cytochalasin B, gramicidin D, ethidium bromide, emetine, mitomycin, etoposide, tenoposide, vincristine, vinblastine, colchicin, doxorubicin, daunorubicin, dihydroxy anthracin dione, mitoxantrone, mithramycin, actinomycin D, 1-dehydrotestosterone, glucocorticoids, procaine, tetracaine, lidocaine, propranolol, and puromycin and analogs or homologs thereof.
Therapeutic agents include, but are not limited to, antimetabolites (e.g., methotrexate, 6-mercaptopurine, 6-thioguanine, cytarabine, 5-fluorouracil decarbazine), alkylating agents (e.g., mechlorethamine, thioepa chlorambucil, melphalan, carmustine (BSNU) and lomustine (CCN~, cyclothosphamide, busulfan, dibromomannitol, streptozotocin, mitomycin C, and cis- dichlorodiamine platinum (In (DDP) cisplatin), anthracyclines (e.g., daunorubicin (formerly daunomycin) and doxorubicin), antibiotics (e.g., dactinomycin .
(formerly actinomycin), bleomycin, mithramycin, and anthramycin (AMC)), and anti-mitotic agents (e.g., vincristine and vinblastine).
[259] The conjugates of the invention can be used for modifying a given biological response, the therapeutic agent or drug moiety is not to be construed as limited to classical chemical therapeutic agents. For example, the drug moiety may be a protein or polypeptide possessing a desired biological activity. Such proteins may include, for example, a toxin such as abrin, ricin A, pseudomonas exotoxin, or diphtheria toxin; a protein such as tumor necrosis factor, a-interferon, 13-interferon, nerve growth factor, platelet derived growth factor, tissue plasminogen activator, an apoptotic agent, e.g., TNF-alpha, TNF-beta, AIM I (See, International Publication No. WO 97/33899), AIM II (See, International Publication No. WO
97/34911), Fas Ligand (Takahashi et al., Int. Immunol., 6:1567-1574 (1994)), VEGI (See, International Publication No. WO 99/23105), a thrombotic agent or an anti-angiogenic agent, e.g., angiostatin or endostatin; or, biological response modifiers such as, for example, lymphokines, interleukin-1 ("IL-1 "), interleukin-2 ("IL-2"), interleukin-6 ("IL,-6"), granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor ("GM-CSF"), granulocyte colony stimulating factor ("G-CSF"), or other growth factors.
[260] Antibodies may also be attached to solid supports, which are particularly useful for immunoassays or purification of the target antigen. Such solid supports include, but are not limited to, glass, cellulose, polyacrylamide, nylon, polystyrene, polyvinyl chloride or polypropylene.
[261] Techniques for conjugating such therapeutic moiety to antibodies are well known.
See, for example, Arnon et al., "Monoclonal Antibodies For Immunotargeting Of Drugs In Cancer Therapy", in Monoclonal Antibodies And Cancer Therapy, Reisfeld et al.
(eds.), pp.
243-56 (Alan R. Liss, Inc. 1.985); Hellstrom et al., "Antibodies For Drug Delivery", in Controlled Drug Delivery (2nd Ed.), Robinson et al. (eds.), pp. 623-53 (Marcel Dekker, Inc.
1987); Thorpe, "Antibody Carriers Of Cytotoxic Agents In Cancer Therapy: A
Review", in Monoclonal Antibodies '84: Biological And Clinical Applications, Pinchera et al. (eds.), pp.
475-506 (1985); "Analysis, Results, And Future Prospective Of The Therapeutic Use Of Radiolabeled Antibody In Cancer Therapy", in Monoclonal Antibodies For Cancer Detection And Therapy, Baldwin et al. (eds.), pp. 303-16 (Academic Press 1985), and Thorpe et al., "The Preparation And Cytotoxic Properties Of Antibody-Toxin Conjugates", Immunol. Rev. 62:119-58 (1982).
(262] Alternatively, an antibody can be conjugated to a second antibody to form an antibody heteroconjugate as described by Segal in U.S. Patent No. 4,676,980, which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.
[263] An antibody, with or without a therapeutic moiety conjugated to it, administered alone or in combination with cytotoxic factors) and/or cytokine(s) can be used as a therapeutic.
Immunophenotyping [264] The antibodies of the invention may be utilized for immunophenotyping of cell lines and biological samples. Translation products of the gene of the present invention may be useful as cell-specific markers, or more specifically as cellular markers that are differentially expressed at various stages of differentiation and/or maturation of particular cell types. Monoclonal antibodies directed against a specific epitope, or combination of epitopes, will allow for the screening of cellular populations expressing the marker. Various techniques can be utilized using monoclonal antibodies to screen for cellular populations expressing the marker(s), and include magnetic separation using antibody-coated magnetic beads, "panning" with antibody attached to a solid matrix (i.e., plate), and flow cytometry (See, e.g., U.S. Patent 5,985;660; and Morrison et al., Cell, 96:737-49 (1999)).

[265] These techniques allow for the screening of particular populations of cells, such as might be found with hematological malignancies (i.e. minimal residual disease (MRD) in acute leukemic patients) and "non-self' cells in transplantations to prevent Graft-versus-Host Disease (GVHD). Alternatively, these techniques allow for the screening of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells capable of undergoing proliferation and/or differentiation, as might be found in human umbilical cord blood.
Assays For Antibody Binding [266] The antibodies of the invention may be assayed for immunospecific binding by any method known in the art. The immunoassays which can be used include but are not limited to competitive and non-competitive assay systems using techniques such as western blots, radioimmunoassays, ELISA (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay), "sandwich"
immunoassays, immunoprecipitation assays, precipitin reactions, gel diffusion precipitin reactions, irrimunodiffusion assays, agglutination assays, complement-fixation assays, immunoradiometric assays, fluorescent immunoassays, and protein A
immunoassays, to name but a few. Such assays are routine and well known in the art (see, e.g., Ausubel et al, eds, 1994, Current Protocols in Molecular Biology, Vol. l, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, which is incorporated by reference herein in its entirety). Exemplary immunoassays are described briefly below (but are not intended by way of limitation).
(267] Immunoprecipitation protocols generally comprise lysing a population of cells in a lysis buffer such as RIPA buffer (1% NP-40 or Triton X- 100, 1% sodium deoxycholate, 0.1% SDS, 0.15 M NaCI, 0.01 M sodium phosphate at pH 7.2, 1% Trasylol) supplemented with protein phosphatase and/or protease inhibitors (e.g., EDTA, PMSF, aprotinin, sodium vanadate), adding the antibody of interest to the cell lysate, incubating for a period of time (e.g., 1-4 hours) at 4° C, adding protein A and/or protein G sepharose beads to the cell lysate, incubating for about an hour or more at 4° C, washing the beads in lysis buffer and resuspending the beads in SDS/sample buffer. The ability of the antibody of interest to immunoprecipitate a particular antigen can be assessed by, e.g., western blot analysis. One of skill in the art would be knowledgeable as to the parameters that can be modified to increase the binding of the antibody to an antigen and decrease the background (e.g., pre-clearing the cell lysate with sepharose beads). For further discussion regarding immunoprecipitation protocols see, e.g., Ausubel et al., eds., (1994), Current Protocols in Molecular Biology, Vol. 1, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, section 10.16.1.

[268] Western blot analysis generally comprises preparing protein samples, electrophoresis of the protein samples in a polyacrylamide gel (e.g., 8%- 20%
SDS-PAGE
depending on the molecular weight of the antigen), transferring the protein sample from the polyacrylamide gel to a membrane such as nitrocellulose, PVDF or nylon, blocking the membrane in blocking solution (e.g., PBS with 3% BSA or non-fat milk), washing the membrane in washing buffer (e.g., PBS-Tween 20), blocking the membrane with primary antibody (the antibody of interest) diluted in blocking buffer, washing the membrane in washing buffer, blocking the membrane with a secondary antibody (which recognizes the primary antibody, e.g., an anti-human antibody) conjugated to an enzymatic substrate (e.g., horseradish peroxidase or alkaline phosphatase) or radioactive molecule (e.g., 32P or 1251) diluted in blocking buffer, washing the membrane in wash buffer, and detecting the presence of the antigen. One of skill in the art would be knowledgeable as to the parameters that can be modified to increase the signal detected and to reduce the background noise. For further discussion regarding western blot protocols see, e.g., Ausubel et al, eds, (1994), Current Protocols in Molecular Biology, Vol. 1, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, section 10.8.1.
[269] ELISAs comprise preparing antigen, coating the well of a 96 well microtiter plate with the antigen, adding the antibody of interest conjugated to a detectable compound such as an enzymatic substrate (e.g., horseradish peroxidase or alkaline phosphatase) to the well and incubating for a period of time, and detecting the presence of the antigen. In ELISAs the antibody of interest does not have to be conjugated to a detectable compound;
instead, a second antibody (which recognizes the antibody of interest) conjugated to a detectable compound may be added to the well. Further, instead of coating the well with the antigen, the antibody may be coated to the well. In this case, a second antibody conjugated to a detectable compound may be added following the addition of the antigen of interest to the coated well. One of skill in the art would be knowledgeable as to the parameters that can be affinity of the antibody of interest for a particular antigen and the binding off rates can be determined from the data by scatchard plot analysis. Competition with a second antibody can also be determined using radioimmunoassays. In this case, the antigen is incubated with antibody of interest conjugated to a labeled compound (e.g., 3H or 1251) in the presence of increasing amounts of an unlabeled second antibody.
(271] Antibodies of the invention may be characterized using immunocytochemisty methods on cells (e.g., mammalian cells, such as CHO cells) transfected with a vector enabling the expression of an antigen or with vector alone using techniques commonly known in the art. Antibodies that bind antigen transfected cells, but not vector-only transfected cells, are antigen specific.
Therapeutic Uses [272] The present invention is further directed to antibody-based therapies which involve administering antibodies of the invention to an animal, preferably a mammal, and most preferably a human, patient for treating one or more of the disclosed diseases, disorders, or conditions. Therapeutic compounds of the invention include, but are not limited to, antibodies of the invention (including fragments, analogs and derivatives thereof as described herein) and nucleic acids encoding antibodies of the invention (including fragments, analogs and derivatives thereof and anti-idiotypic antibodies as described herein).
The antibodies of the invention can be used to treat, inhibit or prevent diseases, disorders or conditions associated with aberrant expression and/or activity of a polypeptide of the invention, including, but not limited to, any one or more of the diseases, disorders, or conditions described herein. The treatment and/or prevention of diseases, disorders, or conditions associated with aberrant expression and/or activity of a polypeptide of the invention includes, but is not limited to, alleviating symptoms associated with those diseases, disorders or conditions. Antibodies of the invention may be provided in pharmaceutically acceptable compositions as known in the art or as described herein.
(273] In a specific and preferred embodiment, the present invention is directed to antibody-based therapies which involve administering antibodies of the invention to an animal, preferably a mammal, and most preferably a human, patient for treating one or more diseases, disorders, or conditions, including but not limited to: neural disorders, immune system disorders, muscular disorders, reproductive disorders, gastrointestinal disorders, pulmonary disorders, cardiovascular disorders, renal disorders, proliferative disorders, and/or cancerous diseases and conditions., and/or as described elsewhere herein.
Therapeutic compounds of the invention include, but are not limited to, antibodies of the invention (e.g., antibodies directed to the full length protein expressed on the cell surface of a mammalian cell; antibodies directed to an epitope of a polypeptide of the invention (such as, for example, a predicted linear epitope shown in column 7 of Table 1A; or a conformational epitope, including fragments, analogs and derivatives thereof as described herein) and nucleic acids encoding antibodies of the invention (including fragments, analogs and derivatives thereof and anti-idiotypic antibodies as described herein). The antibodies of the invention can be used to treat, inhibit or prevent diseases, disorders or conditions associated with aberrant expression and/or activity of a polypeptide of the invention, including, but not limited to, any one or more of the diseases, disorders, or conditions described herein. The treatment and/or prevention of diseases, disorders, or conditions associated with aberrant expression and/or activity of a polypeptide of the invention includes, but is not limited to, alleviating symptoms associated with those diseases, disorders or conditions. Antibodies of the invention may be provided in pharmaceutically acceptable compositions as known in the art or as described herein.
[274] A summary of the ways in which the antibodies of the present invention may be used therapeutically includes binding polynucleotides or polypeptides of the present invention locally or systemically in the body or by direct cytotoxicity of the antibody, e.g. as mediated by complement (CDC) or by effector cells (ADCC). Some of these approaches are described in more detail below. Armed with the teachings provided herein, one of ordinary skill in the art will know how to use the antibodies of the present invention for diagnostic, monitoring or therapeutic purposes without undue experimentation.
[275] The antibodies of this invention may be advantageously utilized in combination with other monoclonal or chimeric antibodies, or with lymphokines or hematopoietic growth factors (such as, e.g., IL-2, IL-3 and IL-7), for example, which serve to increase the number or activity of effector cells which interact with the antibodies.
[276] The antibodies of the invention may be administered alone or in combination with other types of treatments (e.g., radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, immunotherapy and anti-tumor agents). Generally, administration of products of a species origin or species reactivity (in the case of antibodies) that is the same species as that of the patient is preferred. Thus, in a preferred embodiment, human antibodies, fragments derivatives, analogs, or nucleic acids, are administered to a human patient for therapy or prophylaxis.
[277] It is preferred to use high affinity , and/or potent in vivo inhibiting and/or neutralizing antibodies against polypeptides or polynucleotides of the present invention, fragments or regions thereof, for both immunoassays directed to and therapy of disorders related to polynucleotides or polypeptides, including fragments thereof, of the present invention. Such antibodies, fragments, or regions, will preferably have an affinity for polynucleotides or polypeptides of the invention, including fragments thereof.
Preferred binding affinities include those with a dissociation constant or Kd less than 5 X 10'Z M, 10'2 M, 5 X 10'3 M, 10'3 M, 5 X 10~ M, 10'~ M, 5 X 10'5 M, 10'5 M, 5 X 10'6 M, 10'6 M, 5 X 10' M, 10-' M, 5 X 10'$ M, 10-g M, S X 10'9 M, 10'9 M, 5 X 10'' ° M, 10'' ° M, 5 X 10''' M, 10-"
M, 5 X 10'' Z M, 10-' 2 M, 5 X 10'' 3 M, 10-' 3 M, 5 X 10-' 4 M, 10'' 4 M, S X
10'' S M, and 10''s M.
Gene Therapy [278] In a specific embodiment, nucleic acids comprising sequences encoding antibodies or functional derivatives thereof, are administered to treat, inhibit or prevent a disease or disorder associated with aberrant expression and/or activity of a polypeptide of the invention, by way of gene therapy. Gene therapy refers to therapy performed by the administration to a subject of an expressed or expressible nucleic acid. In this embodiment of the invention, the nucleic acids produce their encoded protein that mediates a therapeutic effect.
[279] Any of the methods for gene therapy available in the art can be used according to the present invention. Exemplary methods are described below.
[280] For general reviews of the methods of gene therapy, see Goldspiel et al., Clinical Pharmacy 12:488-505 (1993); Wu and Wu, Biotherapy 3:87-95 (1991); Tolstoshev, Ann.
Rev. Pharmacol. Toxicol. 32:573-596 (1993); Mulligan, Science 260:926-932 (1993); and Morgan and Anderson, Ann. Rev. Biochem. 62:191-217 (1993); May, TIBTECH
11(5):155-215 (1993). Methods commonly known in the art of recombinant DNA technology which can be used are described in Ausubel et al. (eds.), Current Protocols in Molecular Biology, John Wiley & Sons, NY (1993); and Kriegler, Gene Transfer and Expression, A
Laboratory Manual, Stockton Press, NY (1990).
[281] In a preferred embodiment, the compound comprises nucleic acid sequences encoding an antibody, said nucleic acid sequences being part of expression vectors that express the antibody or fragments or chimeric proteins or heavy or light chains thereof in a suitable host. In particular, such nucleic acid sequences have promoters operably linked to the antibody coding region, said promoter being, inducible or constitutive, and, optionally, tissue-specific. In another particular embodiment, nucleic acid molecules are used in which the antibody coding sequences and any other desired sequences are flanked by regions that promote homologous recombination at a desired site in the genome, thus providing for intrachromosomal expression of the antibody encoding nucleic acids (Koller and Smithies, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 86:8932-8935 (1989); Zijlstra et al., Nature 342:435-438 (1989).
In specific embodiments, the expressed antibody molecule is a single chain antibody;
alternatively, the nucleic acid sequences include sequences encoding both the heavy and light chains, or fragments thereof, of the antibody.
[282] Delivery of the nucleic acids into a patient may be either direct, in which case the patient is directly exposed to the nucleic acid or nucleic acid- carrying vectors, or indirect, in which case, cells are first transformed with the nucleic acids in vitro, then transplanted into the patient. These two approaches are known, respectively, as in vivo or ex vivo gene therapy.
[283] In a specific embodiment, the nucleic acid sequences are directly administered in vivo, where it is expressed to produce the encoded product. This can be accomplished by any of numerous methods known in the art, e.g., by constructing them as part of an appropriate nucleic acid expression vector and administering it so that they become intracellular, e.g., by infection using defective or attenuated retrovirals or other viral vectors (see U.S. Patent No. 4,980,286), or by direct injection of naked DNA, or by use of microparticle bombardment (e.g., a gene gun; Biolistic, Dupont), or coating with lipids or cell-surface receptors or transfecting agents, encapsulation in liposomes, microparticles, or microcapsules, or by administering them in linkage to a peptide which is known to enter the nucleus, by administering it in linkage to a ligand subject to receptor-mediated endocytosis (see, e.g., Wu and Wu, J. Biol. Chem. 262:4429-4432 (1987)) (which can be used to target cell types specifically expressing the receptors), etc. In another embodiment, nucleic acid ligand complexes can be formed in which the ligand comprises a fusogenic viral peptide to disrupt endosomes, allowing the nucleic acid to avoid lysosomal degradation.
In yet another embodiment, the nucleic acid can be targeted in vivo for cell specific uptake and expression, by targeting a specific receptor (see, e.g., PCT Publications WO 92/06180; WO
92/22635;
W092/20316; W093/14188, WO 93/20221). Alternatively, the nucleic acid can be introduced intracellularly and incorporated within host cell DNA for expression, by homologous recombination (Koller and Smithies, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA
86:8932-8935 (1989); Zijlstra et al., Nature 342:435-438 (1989)).
[284] In a specific embodiment, viral vectors that contains nucleic acid sequences encoding an antibody of the invention are used. For example, a retroviral vector can be used (see Miller et al., Meth. Enzymol. 217:581-599 (1993)). These retroviral vectors contain the components necessary for the correct packaging of the viral genome and integration into the host cell DNA. The nucleic acid sequences encoding the antibody to be used in gene therapy are cloned into one or more vectors, which facilitates delivery of the gene into a patient.
More detail about retroviral vectors can be found in Boesen et al., Biotherapy 6:291-302 (1994), which describes the use of a retroviral vector to deliver the mdrl gene to hematopoietic stem cells in order to make the stem cells more resistant to chemotherapy.
Other references illustrating the use of retroviral vectors in gene therapy are: Clowes et al., J.
Clin. Invest. 93:644-651 (1994); Kiem et al., Blood 83:1467-1473 (1994);
Salmons and Gunzberg, Human Gene Therapy 4:129-141 (1993); and Grossman and Wilson, Curr.
Opin.
in Genetics and Devel. 3:110-114 (1993).
[285] Adenoviruses are other viral vectors that can be used in gene therapy.
Adenoviruses are especially attractive vehicles for delivering genes to respiratory epithelia.
Adenoviruses naturally infect respiratory epithelia where they cause a mild disease. Other targets for adenovirus-based delivery systems are liver, the central nervous system, endothelial cells, and muscle. Adenoviruses have the advantage of being capable of infecting non-dividing cells. Kozarsky and Wilson, Current Opinion in Genetics and Development 3:499-503 (1993) present a review of adenovirus-based gene therapy. Bout et al., Human Gene Therapy 5:3-10 (1994) demonstrated the use of adenovirus vectors to transfer genes to the respiratory epithelia of rhesus monkeys. Other instances of the use of adenoviruses in gene therapy can be found in Rosenfeld et al., Science 252:431-434 (1991);
Rosenfeld et al., Cell 68:143- 155 (1992); Mastrangeli et al., J. Clin. Invest. 91:225-234 (1993); PCT
Publication W094/12649; and Wang, et al., Gene Therapy 2:775-783 (1995). In a preferred embodiment, adenovirus vectors are used.
[286] Adeno-associated virus (AAV) has also been proposed for use in gene therapy (Walsh et al., Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 204:289-300 (1993); U.S. Patent No.
5,436,146).
[287] Another approach to gene therapy involves transferring a gene to cells in tissue culture by such methods as electroporation, lipofection, calcium phosphate mediated transfection, or viral infection. Usually, the method of transfer includes the transfer of a selectable marker to the cells. The cells are then placed under selection to isolate those cells that have taken up and are expressing the transferred gene. Those cells are then delivered to a patient.
[288] In this embodiment, the nucleic acid is introduced into a cell prior to administration in vivo of the resulting recombinant cell. Such introduction can be carried out by any method known in the art, including but not limited to transfection, electroporation, microinjection, infection with a viral or bacteriophage vector containing the nucleic acid sequences, cell fusion, chromosome-mediated gene transfer, microcell-mediated gene transfer, spheroplast fusion, etc. Numerous techniques are known in the art for the introduction of foreign genes into cells (see, e.g., Loeffler and Behr, Meth.
Enzymol.
217:599-618 (1993); Cohen et al., Meth. Enzymol. 217:618-644 (1993); Cline, Pharmac.
Ther. 29:69-92m (1985) and may be used in accordance with the present invention, provided that the necessary developmental and physiological functions of the recipient cells are not disrupted. The technique should provide for the stable transfer of the nucleic acid to the cell, so that the nucleic acid is expressible by the cell and preferably heritable and expressible by its cell progeny.
[289] The resulting recombinant cells can be delivered to a patient by various methods known in the art. Recombinant blood cells (e.g., hematopoietic stem or progenitor cells) are preferably administered intravenously. The amount of cells envisioned for use depends on the desired effect, patient state, etc., and can be determined by one skilled in the art.
[290] Cells into which a nucleic acid can be introduced for purposes of gene therapy encompass any desired, available cell type, and include but are not limited to epithelial cells, endothelial cells, keratinocytes, fibroblasts, muscle cells, hepatocytes;
blood cells such as T
lymphocytes, B lymphocytes, monocytes, macrophages, neutrophils, eosinophils, megakaryocytes, granulocytes; various stem or progenitor cells, in particular hematopoietic stem or progenitor cells, e.g., as obtained from bone marrow, umbilical cord blood, peripheral blood, fetal liver, etc.
[291] In a preferred embodiment, the cell used for gene therapy is autologous to the patient.
[292] In an embodiment in which recombinant cells are used in gene therapy, nucleic acid sequences encoding am antibody are introduced into the cells such that they are expressible by the cells or their progeny, and the recombinant cells are then administered in vivo for therapeutic effect. In a specific embodiment, stem or progenitor cells are used. Any stem and/or progenitor cells which can be isolated and maintained in vitro can potentially be used in accordance with this embodiment of the present invention (see e.g. PCT
Publication WO 94/08598; Stemple and Anderson, Cell 71:973-985 (1992); Rheinwald, Meth.
Cell Bio.
21A:229 (1980); and Pittelkow and Scott, Mayo Clinic Proc. 61:771 (1986)).
[293] In a specific embodiment, the nucleic acid to be introduced for purposes of gene therapy comprises an inducible promoter operably linked to the coding region, such that expression of the nucleic acid is controllable by the presence or absence of an appropriate inducer of transcription.
Demonstration of Therapeutic or Prophylactic Activity [294] The compounds or pharmaceutical compositions of the invention are preferably tested in vitro, and then in vivo for the desired therapeutic or prophylactic activity, prior to use in humans. For example, in vitro assays to demonstrate the therapeutic or prophylactic utility of a compound or pharmaceutical composition include, the effect of a compound on a cell line or a patient tissue sample. The effect of the compound or composition on the cell line and/or tissue sample can be determined utilizing techniques known to those of skill in the art including, but not limited to, rosette formation assays and cell lysis assays. In accordance with the invention, in vitro assays which can be used to determine whether administration of a specific compound is indicated, include in vitro cell culture assays in which a patient tissue sample is grown in culture, and exposed to or otherwise, administered a compound, and the effect of such compound upon the tissue sample is observed.
TherapeuticlProphylactic Administration and Composition [295] The invention provides methods of treatment, inhibition and prophylaxis by administration to a subject of an effective amount of a compound or pharmaceutical composition of the' invention, preferably a polypeptide or antibody of the invention. In a preferred embodiment, the compound is substantially purified (e.g., substantially free from substances that limit its effect or produce undesired side-effects). The subject is preferably an animal, including but not limited to animals such as cows, pigs, horses, chickens, cats, dogs, etc., and is preferably a mammal, and most preferably human.
[296] Formulations and methods of administration that can be employed when the compound comprises a nucleic acid or an immunoglobulin are described above;
additional appropriate formulations and routes of administration can be selected from among those described herein below.
[297] Various delivery systems are known and can be used to administer a compound of the invention, e.g., encapsulation in liposomes, microparticles, microcapsules, recombinant cells capable of expressing the compound, receptor-mediated endocytosis (see, e.g., Wu and Wu, J. Biol. Chem. 262:4429-4432 (1987)), construction of a nucleic acid as part of a retroviral or other vector, etc. Methods of introduction include but are not limited to intradermal, intramuscular, intraperitoneal, intravenous, subcutaneous, intranasal, epidural, and oral routes. The compounds or compositions may be administered by any convenient route, for example by infusion or bolus injection, by absorption through epithelial or mucocutaneous linings (e.g., oral mucosa, rectal and intestinal mucosa, etc.) and may be administered together with other biologically active agents. Administration can be systemic or local. In addition, it may be desirable to introduce the pharmaceutical compounds or compositions of the invention into the central nervous system by any suitable route, including intraventricular and intrathecal injection; intraventricular injection may be facilitated by an intraventricular catheter, for example, attached to a reservoir, such as an Ommaya reservoir. Pulmonary administration can also be employed, e.g., by use of an inhaler or nebulizer, and formulation with an aerosolizing agent.
[298] In a specific embodiment, it may be desirable to administer the pharmaceutical compounds or compositions of the invention locally to the area in need of treatment; this may be achieved by, for example, and not by way of limitation, local infusion during surgery, topical application, e.g., in conjunction with a wound dressing after surgery, by injection, by means of a catheter, by means of a suppository, or by means of an implant, said implant being of a porous, non-porous, or gelatinous material, including membranes, such as sialastic membranes, or fibers. Preferably, when administering a protein, including an antibody, of the invention, care must be taken to use materials to which the protein does not absorb.
[299] In another embodiment, the compound or composition can be delivered in a vesicle, in particular a liposome (see Larger, Science 249:1527-1533 (1990);
Treat et al., in Liposomes in the Therapy of Infectious Disease and Cancer, Lopez-Berestein and Fidler (eds.), Liss, New York, pp. 353- 365 (1989); Lopez-Berestein, ibid., pp. 317-327; see generally ibid.) [300] In yet another embodiment, the compound or composition can be delivered in a controlled release system. In one embodiment, a pump may be used (see Larger, supra;

Sefton, CRC Crit. Ref. Biomed. Eng. 14:201 (1987); Buchwald et al., Surgery 88:507 (1980);
Saudek et al., N. Engl. J. Med. 321:574 (1989)). In another embodiment, polymeric materials can be used (see Medical Applications of Controlled Release, Langer and Wise (eds.), CRC Pres., Boca Raton, Florida (1974); Controlled Drug Bioavailability, Drug Product Design and Performance, Smolen and Ball (eds.), Wiley, New York (1984); Ranger and Peppas, J., Macromol. Sci. Rev. Macromol. Chem. 23:61 (1983); see also Levy et al., Science 228:190 (1985); During et al., Ann. Neurol. 25:351 (1989); Howard et al., J.Neurosurg. 71:105 (1989)). In yet another embodiment, a controlled release system can be placed in proximity of the therapeutic target, e.g., the brain, thus requiring only a fraction of the systemic dose (see, e.g., Goodson, in Medical Applications of Controlled Release, supra, vol. 2, pp. 115-138 (1984)).
[301] Other controlled release systems are discussed in the review by Langer (Science 249:1527-1533 (1990)).
[302] In a specific embodiment where the compound of the invention is a nucleic acid encoding a protein, the nucleic acid can be administered in vivo to promote expression of its encoded protein, by constructing it as part of an appropriate nucleic acid expression vector and administering it so that it becomes intracellular, e.g., by use of a retroviral vector (see U.S. Patent No. 4,980,286), or by direct injection, or by use of microparticle bombardment (e.g., a gene gun; Biolistic, Dupont), or coating with lipids or cell-surface receptors or transfecting agents, or by administering it in linkage to a homeobox- like peptide which is known to enter the nucleus (see e.g., Joliot et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.
USA 88:1864-1868 (1991)), etc. Alternatively, a nucleic acid can be introduced intracellularly and incorporated within host cell DNA for expression, by homologous recombination.
[303] The present invention also provides pharmaceutical compositions. Such compositions comprise a therapeutically effective amount of a compound, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier. In a specific embodiment, the term "pharmaceutically acceptable" means approved by a regulatory agency of the Federal or a state government or listed in the U.S. Pharmacopeia or other generally recognized pharmacopeia for use in animals, and more particularly in humans. The term "carrier" refers to a diluent, adjuvant, excipient, or vehicle with which the therapeutic is administered. Such pharmaceutical Garners can be sterile liquids, such as water and oils, including those of petroleum, animal, vegetable or synthetic origin, such as peanut oil, soybean oil, mineral oil, sesame oil and the like. Water is a preferred carrier when the pharmaceutical composition is administered intravenously. Saline solutions and aqueous dextrose and glycerol solutions can also be employed as liquid carriers, particularly for injectable solutions. Suitable pharmaceutical excipients include starch, glucose, lactose, sucrose, gelatin, malt, rice, flour, chalk, silica gel, sodium stearate, glycerol monostearate, talc, sodium chloride, dried skim milk, glycerol, propylene, glycol, water, ethanol and the like. The composition, if desired, can also contain minor amounts of wetting or emulsifying agents, or pH buffering agents. These compositions can take the form of solutions, suspensions, emulsion, tablets, pills, capsules, powders, sustained-release formulations and the like. The composition can be formulated as a suppository, with traditional binders and carriers such as triglycerides.
Oral formulation can include standard carriers such as pharmaceutical grades of mannitol, lactose, starch, magnesium stearate, sodium saccharine, cellulose, magnesium carbonate, etc.
Examples of suitable pharmaceutical carriers are described in "Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences" by E.W. Martin. Such compositions will contain a therapeutically effective amount of the compound, preferably in purified form, together, with a suitable amount of carrier so as to provide the form for proper administration to the patient. The formulation should suit the mode of administration.
[304] In a preferred embodiment, the composition is formulated in accordance with routine procedures as a pharmaceutical composition adapted for intravenous administration to human beings. Typically, compositions for intravenous administration are solutions in sterile isotonic aqueous buffer. Where necessary, the composition may also include a solubilizing agent and a local anesthetic such as lignocaine to ease pain at the site of the injection. Generally, the ingredients are supplied either separately or mixed together in unit dosage form, for example, as a dry lyophilized powder or water free concentrate in a hermetically sealed container such as an ampoule or sachette indicating the quantity of active agent. Where the composition is to be administered by infusion, it can be dispensed with an infusion bottle containing sterile pharmaceutical grade water or saline. Where the composition is administered by injection, an ampoule of sterile water for injection or saline can be provided so that the ingredients may be mixed prior to administration.
[305] The compounds of the invention can be formulated as neutral or salt forms.
Pharmaceutically acceptable salts include those formed with anions such as those derived from hydrochloric, phosphoric, acetic, oxalic, tartaric acids, etc., and those formed with cations such as those derived from sodium, potassium, ammonium, calcium, ferric hydroxides, isopropylamine, triethylamine, 2-ethylamino ethanol, histidine, procaine, etc.

[306] The amount of the compound of the invention which will be effective in the treatment, inhibition and prevention of a disease or disorder associated with aberrant expression and/or activity of a polypeptide of the invention can be determined by standard clinical techniques. In addition, in vitro assays may optionally be employed to help identify optimal dosage ranges. The precise dose to be employed in the formulation will also depend on the route of administration, and the seriousness of the disease or disorder, and should be decided according to the judgment of the practitioner and each patient's circumstances.
Effective doses may be extrapolated from dose-response curves derived from in vitro or animal model test systems.
[307] For antibodies, the dosage administered to a patient is typically 0.1 mg/kg to 100 mg/kg of the patient's body weight. Preferably, the dosage administered to a patient is between 0.1 mg/kg and 20 mg/kg of the patient's body weight, more preferably 1 mg/kg to mg/kg of the patient's body weight. Generally, human antibodies have a longer half life within the human body than antibodies from other species due to the immune response to the foreign polypeptides. Thus, lower dosages of human antibodies and less frequent administration is often possible. Further, the dosage and frequency of administration of antibodies of the invention may be reduced by enhancing uptake and tissue penetration (e.g., into the brain) of the antibodies by modifications such as, for example, lipidation.
[308] The invention also provides a pharmaceutical pack or kit comprising one or more containers filled with one or more of the ingredients of the pharmaceutical compositions of the invention. Optionally associated with such containers) can be a notice in the form prescribed by a governmental agency regulating the manufacture, use or sale of pharmaceuticals or biological products, which notice reflects approval by the agency of manufacture, use or sale for human administration.
Diagnosis and Imaging [309] Labeled antibodies, and derivatives and analogs thereof, which specifically bind to a polypeptide of interest can be used for diagnostic purposes to detect, diagnose, or monitor diseases, disorders, and/or conditions associated with the aberrant expression and/or activity of a polypeptide of the invention. The invention provides for the detection of aberrant expression of a polypeptide of interest, comprising (a) assaying the expression of the polypeptide of interest in cells or body fluid of an individual using one or more antibodies specific to the polypeptide interest and (b) comparing the level of gene expression with a standard gene expression level, whereby an increase or decrease in the assayed polypeptide gene expression level compared to the standard expression level is indicative of aberrant expression.
[310] The invention provides a diagnostic assay for diagnosing a disorder, comprising (a) assaying the expression of the polypeptide of interest in cells or body fluid of an individual using one or more antibodies specific to the polypeptide interest and (b) comparing the level of gene expression with a standard gene expression level, whereby an increase or decrease in the assayed polypeptide gene expression level compared to the standard expression level is indicative of a particular disorder. With respect to cancer, the presence of a relatively high amount of transcript in biopsied tissue from an individual may indicate a predisposition for the development of the disease, or may provide a means for detecting the disease prior to the appearance of actual clinical symptoms. A
more definitive diagnosis of this type may allow health professionals to employ preventative measures or aggressive treatment earlier thereby preventing the development or further progression of the cancer.
[311] Antibodies of the invention can be used to assay protein levels in a biological sample using classical immunohistological methods known to those of skill in the art (e.g., see Jalkanen et al., J. Cell. Biol. 101:976-985 (1985); Jalkanen et al., J.
Cell . Biol. 105:3087-3096 (1987)). Other antibody-based methods useful for detecting protein gene expression include immunoassays, such as the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and the radioimmunoassay (RIA). Suitable antibody assay labels are known in the art and include enzyme labels, such as, glucose oxidase; radioisotopes, such as iodine (125I, 1211), carbon (14C), sulfur (35S), tritium (3H), indium (112In), and technetium (99Tc);
luminescent labels, such as luminol; and fluorescent labels, such as fluorescein and rhodamine, and biotin.
[312] One facet of the invention is the detection and diagnosis of a disease or disorder associated with aberrant expression of a polypeptide of interest in an animal, preferably a mammal and most preferably a human. In one embodiment, diagnosis comprises: a) administering (for example, parenterally, subcutaneously, or intraperitoneally) to a subject an effective amount of a labeled molecule which specifically binds to the polypeptide of interest; b) waiting for a time interval following the administering for permitting the labeled molecule to preferentially concentrate at sites in the subject where the polypeptide is expressed (and for unbound labeled molecule to be cleared to background level); c) determining background level; and d) detecting the labeled molecule in the subject, such that detection of labeled molecule above the background level indicates that the subject has a particular disease or disorder associated with aberrant expression of the polypeptide of interest. Background level can be determined by, various methods including, comparing the amount of labeled molecule detected to a standard value previously determined for a particular system.
[313] It will be understood in the art that the size of the subject and the imaging system used will determine the quantity of imaging moiety needed to produce diagnostic images. In the case of a radioisotope moiety, for a human subject, the quantity of radioactivity injected will normally range from about 5 to 20 millicuries of 99mTc. The labeled antibody or antibody fragment will then preferentially accumulate at the location of cells which contain the specific protein. In vivo tumor imaging is described in S.W. Burchiel et al., "Immunopharmacokinetics of Radiolabeled Antibodies and Their Fragments."
(Chapter 13 in Tumor Imaging: The Radiochemical Detection of Cancer, S.W. Burchiel and B.
A.
Rhodes, eds., Masson Publishing Inc. (1982)).
[314j Depending on several variables, including the type of label used and the mode of administration, the time interval following the administration for permitting the labeled molecule to preferentially concentrate at sites in the subject and for unbound labeled molecule to be cleared to background level is 6 to 48 hours or 6 to 24 hours or 6 to 12 hours.
In another embodiment the time interval following administration is 5 to 20 days or 5 to 10 days.
[315] In an embodiment, monitoring of the disease or disorder is carried out by repeating the method for diagnosing the disease or disease, for example, one month after initial diagnosis, six months after initial diagnosis, one year after initial diagnosis, etc.
(316] Presence of the labeled molecule can be detected in the patient using methods known in the art for in vivo scanning. These methods depend upon the type of label used.
Skilled artisans will be able to determine the appropriate method for detecting a particular label. Methods and devices that may be used in the diagnostic methods of the invention include, but are not limited to, computed tomography (CT), whole body scan such as position emission tomography (PET), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and sonography.
[317] In a specific embodiment, the molecule is labeled with a radioisotope and is detected in the patient using a radiation responsive surgical instrument (Thurston et al., U.S.
Patent No. 5,441,050). In another embodiment, the molecule is labeled with a fluorescent compound and is detected in the patient using a fluorescence responsive scanning instrument.

In another embodiment, the molecule is labeled with a positron emitting metal and is detected in the patent using positron emission-tomography. 1n yet another embodiment, the molecule is labeled with a paramagnetic label and is detected in a patient using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Kits [318] The present invention provides kits that can be used in the above methods. In one embodiment, a kit comprises an antibody of the invention, preferably a purified antibody, in one or more containers. In a specific embodiment, the kits of the present invention contain a substantially isolated polypeptide comprising an epitope which is specifically immunoreactive with an antibody included in the kit. Preferably, the kits of the present invention further comprise a control antibody which does not react with the polypeptide of interest. In another specific embodiment, the kits of the present invention contain a means for detecting the binding of an antibody to a polypeptide of interest (e.g., the antibody may be conjugated to a detectable substrate such as a fluorescent compound, an enzymatic substrate, a radioactive compound or a luminescent compound, or a second antibody which recognizes the first antibody may be conjugated to a detectable substrate).
[319] In another specific embodiment of the present invention, the kit is a diagnostic kit for use in screening serum containing antibodies specific against proliferative and/or cancerous polynucleotides and polypeptides. Such a kit may include a control antibody that does not react with the polypeptide of interest. Such a kit may include a substantially isolated polypeptide antigen comprising an epitope which is specifically immunoreactive with at least one anti-polypeptide antigen antibody. Further, such a kit includes means for detecting the binding of said antibody to the antigen (e.g., the antibody may be conjugated to a fluorescent compound such as fluorescein or rhodamine which can be detected by flow cytometry). In specific embodiments, the kit may include a recombinantly produced or chemically synthesized polypeptide antigen. The polypeptide antigen of the kit may also be attached to a solid support.
[320] In a more specific embodiment the detecting means of the above-described kit includes a solid support to which said polypeptide antigen is attached. Such a kit may also include a non-attached reporter-labeled anti-human antibody. In this embodiment, binding of the antibody to the polypeptide antigen can be detected by binding of the said reporter-labeled antibody.

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Classificazioni
Classificazione internazionaleC12N1/13, C07K14/705, A61K48/00, C12Q1/68, A61K38/00, C12N1/21, C07K14/47, C12N15/12, C12N9/00, C12N1/15, C07K16/18, C12N15/60, C12N9/64
Classificazione cooperativaC12N9/00, A61K48/00, C07K16/18, C12N9/6489, A01K2217/05, G01N2500/00, C12N9/6424, A61K2039/505, A61K38/00, C07K14/47, C07K2319/30, C12Q1/6883, C07K14/705
Classificazione EuropeaC12N9/64F21, C12N9/64F24, C12Q1/68M6, C07K16/18, C07K14/705, C07K14/47, C12N9/00
Eventi legali
DataCodiceEventoDescrizione
20 nov 2002AZWIWithdrawn application