Bibliometrics and Citation Analysis: From the Science Citation Index to Cybermetrics
Scarecrow Press, 9 mar 2009 - 450 pagine
Can the methods of science be directed toward science itself? How did it happen that scientists, scientific documents, and their bibliographic links came to be regarded as mathematical variables in abstract models of scientific communication? What is the role of quantitative analyses of scientific and technical documentation in current science policy and management? Bibliometrics and Citation Analysis: From the Science Citation Index to Cybermetrics answers these questions through a comprehensive overview of theories, techniques, concepts, and applications in the interdisciplinary and steadily growing field of bibliometrics.
Since citation indexes came into the limelight during the mid-1960s, citation networks have become increasingly important for many different research fields. The book begins by investigating the empirical, philosophical, and mathematical foundations of bibliometrics, including its beginnings with the Science Citation Index, the theoretical framework behind it, and its mathematical underpinnings. It then examines the application of bibliometrics and citation analysis in the sciences and science studies, especially the sociology of science and science policy. Finally it provides a view of the future of bibliometrics, exploring in detail the ongoing extension of bibliometric methods to the structure and dynamics of the World Wide Web.
This book gives newcomers to the field of bibliometrics an accessible entry point to an entire research tradition otherwise scattered through a vast amount of journal literature. At the same time, it brings to the forefront the cross-disciplinary linkages between the various fields (sociology, philosophy, mathematics, politics) that intersect at the crossroads of citation analysis. Because of its discursive and interdisciplinary approach, the book is useful to those in every area of scholarship involved in the quantitative analysis of information exchanges, but also to science historians and general readers who simply wish to familiarize them
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The Science Citation Index
Bernal Merton Price Garfield and Small
Chapter 04 The Mathematical Foundations of Bibliometrics
Bibliographic Citations at the Service of the History and Sociology of Science
Bibliographic Citations at the Service of Science Policy and Management
Citation as Rhetorical Device and the Criticisms to the Normative Model
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Access American Society application areas Assessment authors basic bibliographic Bibliographic Coupling bibliometric Bradford’s citation analysis Citation Index cited co-citation communication comparable complex Computer concepts connections contributions counting critical developed distribution documents early effect empirical evaluation example existing factor field formal Garfield given growth highly ideas Impact indicators individual Information Science Informetrics institutional intellectual International issues Journal knowledge Library literature Management mathematical means measures methods natural Open original papers patent patterns performance possible potential practical Press Price problem productivity publication published quantitative rank rates reasons references relative relevant reported retrieval Review Science and Technology scientific scientists Scientometrics similar Small social Society for Information sources specific statistical structure studies techniques theoretical theory tion tool units University validity variables World