Climate Dependence and Food Problems in Russia, 1900-1990: The Interaction of Climate and Agricultural Policy and Their Effect on Food Problems

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Central European University Press, 2005 - 366 pagine
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This book explores the interconnections between climate, policy and agriculture in Russia and the former Soviet Union between 1900 and 1990. During this period there were several periods of grain and other food shortages some of which reached disaster proportions resulting in mass famine and death on an unprecedented scale. traditional official and other sources have been used to explore the extent to which policy and vagaries in climate conspired to affect agricultural yeilds. Were the leaders (Stalin, Krushchev, Brezhnev and Gorbachev) policies sound in theory but failed in practice because of unpredictable weather? How did the Soviet peasants react to these changes? What impact did Soviet agriculture have on the overall economy of the country? These are all questions that are taken into account in this book. various political eras. In each the policy of the central government is discussed followed by the climate vagaries during that period. Crop yeilds are then analysed in the light of policy and climate. these factors from such a wide range of sources in the last century.
 

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Indice

Introduction climate and agriculture in Russia
1
11 Analyzing the direct impact of weather anomalies on the size of the harvest
9
12 Evaluating the scale of crop failure
10
13 Linking crop failure and food availability in the country
12
The availability and reliability of statistical agricultural data for Russia
15
21 The prerevolutionary period before 1916
16
22 The postrevolutionary decade 19171928
19
23 The Stalin era 19291953
23
The postwar recovery period 19451954
155
62 Weather variations and agricultural production
161
63 Food problems
165
64 Summary
169
The virgin lands campaign 19551964
171
72 Weather variations and agricultural production
193
73 Food problems
207
74 Summary
217

24 The postStalin period after 1953
25
25 Summary
29
The prerevolutionary period 19001916
31
32 Weather variations and agricultural production
44
33 Food problems
53
34 Summary
66
The postrevolutionary period 19171928
69
42 Weather variations and agricultural production
80
43 Food problems
89
44 Summary
107
The collectivization of Soviet agriculture 19291940
109
52 Weather variations and agricultural production
123
53 Food problems
135
54 Summary
152
The period of agricultural intensification 19651975
219
82 Weather variations and agricultural production
239
83 Food problems
252
84 Summary
265
The period of agricultural stagnation 19761990
267
92 Weather variations and agricultural production
288
93 Food problems
307
94 Summary
330
Conclusion
335
Glossary
341
References
345
Index
361
Copyright

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Informazioni sull'autore (2005)

Edward G. Bellinger was a senior lecturer at the University of Manchester (UK) and Director of the Pollution Research Unit until 1995. Nikolai M. Dronin lectures at Moscow State University.

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