Democracies and Dictatorships in Latin America: Emergence, Survival, and Fall
This book presents a new theory for why political regimes emerge, and why they subsequently survive or break down. It then analyzes the emergence, survival and fall of democracies and dictatorships in Latin America since 1900. Scott Mainwaring and Aníbal Pérez-Liñán argue for a theoretical approach situated between long-term structural and cultural explanations and short-term explanations that look at the decisions of specific leaders. They focus on the political preferences of powerful actors - the degree to which they embrace democracy as an intrinsically desirable end and their policy radicalism - to explain regime outcomes. They also demonstrate that transnational forces and influences are crucial to understand regional waves of democratization. Based on extensive research into the political histories of all twenty Latin American countries, this book offers the first extended analysis of regime emergence, survival and failure for all of Latin America over a long period of time.
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A Theory of Regime Survival and Fall
Competitive Regimes and Authoritarianism in Latin America
A Quantitative Test
International Actors International Influences and Regime
Political Regimes after the Third Wave
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analysis Argentina authoritarian coalition authoritarian regimes Bolivia capita GDP causal Chapter coding Colombia commitment to democracy competitive politics competitive regimes coup Cuban revolution democ democracy and dictatorship democratic regime domestic actors Dominican Republic economic performance Ecuador effects El Salvador elections electoral elite explain favorable FMLN Freedom House Guatemala historical Hugo Chávez human rights impact important international actors labor Latin America Latin American countries leaders leftist level of democracy level of development liberal democracy Linz Mainwaring models Nicaragua normative commitment normative preferences normative regime preferences O’Donnell opposition organizations parties percent period Perón Peronist political actors political regimes powerful actors preference for democracy President presidential proportion of competitive radical actors radical policy preferences regime change regime coalitions regime outcomes regime survival regimes in Latin region revolutionary left Salvador Salvadoran social stability structural support for democracy theory third wave transformation transitions and breakdowns U.S. policy Uruguay variables Venezuela wave of democratization