Electronic Noise and Fluctuations in Solids
Cambridge University Press, 31 lug 2008 - 376 pagine
This book looks at the physics of electronic fluctuations (noise) in solids. The author emphasizes many fundamental experiments that have become classics: physical mechanisms of fluctuations, and the nature and magnitude of noise. He also includes the most comprehensive and complete review of flicker (1/f) noise in the literature. It will be useful to graduate students and researchers in physics and electronic engineering, and especially those carrying out research in the fields of noise phenomena and highly sensitive electronic devices--detectors, electronic devices for low-noise amplifiers, and quantum magnetometers (SQUIDS).
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Some basic concepts of the theory of random processes
2 Fluctuationdissipation relations
3 Fluctuations in nonequilibrium gases
4 Generationrecombination noise
5 Noise in quantum ballistic systems
6 Resistance noise in metals
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1/f noise 2DEG According to Eq activation energies averaging ballistic Brownian charge carriers coeﬂicient conductance ﬂuctuations conductor correlation function current density current ﬂuctuations current noise defects deﬁnite density of noise dependence diffusion diﬂerent dimensions distribution function electric ﬁeld electron gas equals equation equilibrium f noise Fermi Fermi energy ﬁlms ﬁnd ﬁnite ﬁrst ﬁxed ﬂow ﬂux Fourier frequency f hopping impurities inﬁnite inverse Josephson junctions kinetic Kogan Langevin sources lattice length Lett linear low temperatures low-frequency magnetic ﬁeld mean value measured metals microscopic motion noise temperature nonequilibrium nonzero parameter particles phonons Phys point contact probability proportional quantum quantum point contact r.h.s. of Eq random process random quantity reﬂection relaxation resistance ﬂuctuations resistance noise sample satisﬁes scattering centers semiconductors shot noise speciﬁc specimen spectral density spectrum spin glasses superconductive temperature ﬂuctuations theory transition trap tunnel junction velocity voltage voltage ﬂuctuations vortices Weissman zero