Energy Efficient Office Refurbishment
Little has been published on the subject of energy-efficient refurbishment of offices, despite the growing need to refurbish older office building stock throughout Europe, and the global requirement to conserve energy. The book suggests the most energy efficient and environmentally friendly way to refurbish offices using examples of real buildings and designs wherever possible. Each case study includes a building description, the retrofitting strategy, passive and low energy technologies used, energy assessment, comfort and environment assessment, financial assessment, client and market assessment, and conclusion. This practical design manual will be invaluable for architects and engineers specialising in the refurbishment of commercial buildings.
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Climatic Area 2 Continental Europe
Domestic Hot Water
Climate area 1 Northern Europe
KROKSLATT 149 GOTHENBURG
LE RECAMIER LYON FRANCE
Climatic Area 3 MidEuropean
Climatic Area 4 Mediterranean
SENTRALBYGG 1 NTNUI TRONDHEIM
LESO BUILDING LAUISANNE
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airflow rate Apr May Jun artificial lighting atria atrium Aug Sep Oct ballasts boiler building envelope Conductivity Density Specific consumption for heating Cost per unit Danfoss District heating ECU Cost ECU Payback period ECU/kWh Financial gain effect of Scenario efficient electricity consumption energy consumption kWh equipment Estimated energy savings façade Feb Mar Apr glazing heat loss heat recovery hot water Hours of operation indoor indoor air quality installation insulation Jan Feb Mar Jul Aug Sep Jun Jul Aug kWh/m luminaires Material Conductivity Density measures mechanical cooling mechanical ventilation mineral wool Monthly total energy natural ventilation night ventilation Nov Dec Baseline occupants Oct Nov Dec office buildings passive cooling techniques passive solar reduce refurbishment replacement Required capital cost Sep Oct Nov shading devices Simple payback solar gain solar shading space heating stack effect strategy summer thermal comfort thermal mass total energy consumption ToTALVALUES Estimated energy ventilation rate ventilation system