The Global Cigarette: Origins and Evolution of British American Tobacco, 1880-1945
Oxford University Press, 2000 - 401 pagine
During the 1880s, the tobacco manufacturing industries of Britain and America were revolutionized by the introduction of mechanized cigarette production. The development of this novel, image-laden product constituted a triumph for the methods of mass production and mass distribution in thismost traditional of consumer goods industries. The Global Cigarette charts the way in which these innovations in manufacturing and marketing methods led to the formation in 1902 of the British American Tobacco Co. as an Anglo-American multinational joint venture designed to promote cigarettes ininternational markets. Based on archive materials from a wide variety of sources, including the company's own internal records, this book provides the first authoritative account of BAT's evolution and growth up until the Second World War. In particular, The Global Cigarette shows the way in which the company developed avast array of international operating subsidiaries, explores how it managed these enterprises in different political and cultural contexts-notably in China and India-and analyses the way in which the company, as a mature multinational enterprise, coped with the severe international economicdislocations of the 1930s. In the era of globalization, this account of the operational and organizational arrangements of a prefigurative 'global' company will shed light on current debates on alliances, joint ventures, and international business.
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The Growth of an International Cigarette Industry
A Product with Global Potential
Formation of an AngloAmerican Alliance
Birth of a Multinational Enterprise
The Impact of Conflict
Africa agreement American Cigarette Industry Ardath arettes Argentina assets ATC's BAT Archive SASS BAT Bulletin BAT Co.'s BAT's became began Bonsack machine Britain British American Tobacco British tobacco Brown & Williamson Calcutta cent chairman China Chinese cigarette exports cigarette manufacturing cigarette market cigarette sales company's competition Corporation dated depot developed directors distribution Duke's expand export trade factory foreign headquarters Hong Kong ILTD Imperial Tobacco Imperial's imported India initial international cigarette investment J. B. Duke Japan Japanese kretek leaf tobacco Letter Liggett & Myers Lord Dulverton Manchuria million Monopolies Commission monopoly Murai Brothers Ogden operations ordinary shares organization Parrish Papers profits purchase Report rival Shanghai share capital shareholders Singapore Source South Southampton Archive strategy T. V. Soong Table Thomas Tobacco Company tobacco industry tobacco leaf Tobacco London tobacco manufacturing whilst York
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