Life and death of a rural village in Garamantian Times. Archaeological investigations in the oasis of Fewet (Libyan Sahara)

Copertina anteriore
Lucia Mori
All’Insegna del Giglio, 1 dic 2013 - 406 pagine

This volume presents the results of the archaeological investigations in the oasis of Fewet (SW Libyan Sahara), carried out by the Archaeological Mission in the Sahara of the Sapienza University of Rome. Evidences of an ancient rural village were identified under the houses of the modern town of Tan Afella and a large necropolis, dated to the Garamantian times, spread at the fringes of the modern settlement. Until 1997 very little was known on the Garamantian period in the Wadi Tanezzuft area and on the transition from the pastoral to the early-historical phase. This period witnessed the gradual sedentarisation of human groups in the oases, and the development of caravan routes with the flourishing of an intra- and trans-Saharan trade. These processes, also influenced by significant alterations in climate, which led to the agricultural exploitation of the limited areas where water resources were available – the oases – were archaeologically unknown as far as settlements were concerned. The archaeological surveys and excavations carried out in the area of Fewet were particularly promising and are here analysed in a multidisciplinary perspective, which takes into consideration environmental and anthropological studies in the attempt to reconstruct the culture and the life of people inhabiting the Southern Fezzan region in early-historical times.

«The historical archaeology of the Sahara remains an underdeveloped field of research, especially for the pre-Islamic period. The most significant exception to this rule has for long concerned the people known as the Garamantes, who inhabited the central Saharan region coincident with Libya’s south-west province, Fezzan. (…) This volume is a marvelous addition to the small corpus of published research on the Pre-Islamic oasis societies of the Sahara and provides a complementary perspective on the world of the Garamantes to the Anglo-Libyan work I have directed from their heartlands in the Wadi el-Ajal, c. 400 km to north-east of Ghat». Prof. David J. Mattingly, University of Leicester, UK.

 

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Indice

Fewet in context L Mori
1
an oasis at the margin of Wadi Tanezzuft M Cremaschi A Zerboni
7
rock art landscapes and Fewet D Zampetti
17
Excavations and soundings at Tan Afella L Mori M C Gatto C Ottomano
33
The survey in the Tan Ataram area L Mori
71
Ceramics from Fewet M C Gatto
79
Macrolithic tools from Fewet L Mori with contribution by C Lemorini
93
Vesicular basalt artefacts L Mori S Bruni A Zerboni A Ballerini G Groppelli V Guglielmi
109
Seeds fruits and charcoal from the Fewet compound A M Mercuri G Bosi F Buldrini
177
The faunal remains F Alhaique
191
The survey of the Fewet necropolis M Liverani L Barbato E Cancellieri R Castelli C Putzolu
199
Fewet necropolis the database M Liverani L Barbato
225
The excavation of the Fewet necropolis L Mori F Ricci with contributions by M C Gatto E Cancellieri C Lemorini
253
The human skeletal sample from Fewet F Ricci M A Tafuri F Di Vincenzo G Manzi
319
The preliminary isotope investigation M A Tafuri A Pelosi F Ricci G Manzi F Castorina
363
The restoration of the Fewet compound M Ramazzotti
369

Micromorphological study of living floors and mud features from the compound A Zerboni A Bernasconi M Cremaschi
119
beads worked bone artefacts and figurines D Zampetti
139
Garamantian green stone beads from Fewet A Zerboni P Vignola
157
a scientific investigation by SEM microscopy and Xray microanalysis M Verità
169
Life and death at Fewet L Mori M C Gatto F Ricci A Zerboni
375
Arabic summary L Mori translated by M Turjiman
389
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