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on my left arm, that I, amazed, ran from her as a 145 witch:
And, I think, if my breast had not been made of flint, and my heart of steel,
She had transformed me to a curtal dog, and made me
turn i' the wheel.
Ant. S. Go hie thee presently, post to the road;
147, 148. Printed as prose in Ff; as verse first by Knight; S. Walker would begin the verse with if my. 147. flint] Hanmer; faith Ff. 148. curtal] F4; curtull F 1; curtall Ff 2, 3; cur-tail Hanmer. 149. Go hie] Go, hie Theobald. presently, post] presently post Malone.
"Rich. Then, Clifford, were thy
148. curtal dog] The reference is to the turnspit dog with the tail cut short. "A curtal dog," says Nares, Glossary," was originally the dog of an unqualified person, which, by the forest laws, must have its tail cut short, partly as a mark and partly from a notion that the tail of a dog is necessary to him in running." ["Not in running," says Phin, Glossary, p. 89 (s.v. curtal), "but in turning. A greyhound could not course if his tail were cut off, and one with a weak or light tail is sure to fail at the turn."] "In later usage curtal dog means either a common dog not meant for sport, or a dog that missed his game. It has the latter sense in this passage" [i.e. Merry Wives of Windsor, II. i. 114: "Hope is a curtal
dog in some affairs "]. Compare Passionate Pilgrim, 273: 'My curtal [curtail in Globe ed.] dog plays not at all"; and the bobtail tyke of King Lear, III. vi. 73. Compare also Slender's phrase in Merry Wives of Windsor, III. iv. 47: "Ay, that I will, come cut and long tail"; meaning all kinds, used here, of course, metaphorically of men. The word is used of a horse in All's Well that Ends Well, II. iii. 65: "I'd give bay Curtal and his furniture." Greene, Orlando Furioso (Dyce, 1831, vol. i. p. 43), uses it of a sword: "the blade is curtal short."
148. turn i' the wheel] The curtal sometimes served as a turnspit. "There is comprehended," says Topsell, History of Four-footed Beasts, 1607, "under the curs of the coarsest kind, a certain dog in kitchen service excellent; for when any meat is to be roasted they go into a wheel, which they turning round about with the weight of their bodies, so diligently look to their business, that no drudge nor scullion can do the feat more cunningly." Compare Marston and Dekker's Eastward Ho, II. iii. 282 (Bullen, iii. 41): "Nay there is no turnspit dog bound to his wheel more servilely than you shall be to her wheel."
149. road] roadstead or harbour.
An if the wind blow any way from shore,
So fly I from her that would be my wife.
I'll stop mine ears against the mermaid's song.
Ang. Master Antipholus,—
Ant. S. Ay, that's my name.
Ang. I know it well, sir. Lo, here is the chain.
165. to] of Pope. 167. Antipholus,—] 169. here is]
150. An] Capell; And Ff. 154. knows us] know us Johnson. 158. SCENE IV. Pope. 159. high] F 4; hie Ff 1, 2, 3. Enter . ]Enter the Goldsmith Capell. Antipholis, Theobald; Antipholus. Ff; Antipholus? Capell. Pope; here's Ff. 170. Porpentine] Porcupine Rowe.
158. witches] Compare Iv. iv. 146. In Shakespeare's time the word was applied to persons of either sex; as in Antony and Cleopatra, 1. ii. 40, and Cymbeline, 1. vi. 166.
165. guilty to] i.e. of. Winter's Tale, Iv. iv. 549:
"But as the unthought-on accident is guilty
To what we wildly do." 166. mermaid's] Compare line 45 ante.
170. Porpentine] See III. i. 116 ante.
Ant. S. What is your will that I shall do with this?
Ang. Not once, nor twice, but twenty times you have. 175 Go home with it, and please your wife withal;
And soon at supper-time I'll visit you,
And then receive my money for the chain. Ant. S. I pray you, sir, receive the money now,
For fear you ne'er see chain nor money more.
Ang. You are a merry man, sir. Fare you well.
182. Ant. S.] Ant. Ff 1, 4; Dro. Ff 2, 3. conj.
186. streets] street Capell
177. soon at supper-time] Compare 1. ii. 26: "Soon at five o'clock."
SCENE I.-A Public Place.
Enter Second Merchant, ANGELO, and an Officer.
Or I'll attach you by this officer.
Ang. Even just the sum that I do owe to you
Enter ANTIPHOLUS of Ephesus and DROMIO of Ephesus from the courtesan's.
Off. That labour may you save: see where he comes.
Ant. E. While I go to the goldsmith's house, go thou
ACT IV. SCENE 1. Enter...] Dyce; Enter a Merchant, Goldsmith, and an Officer Ff. 8. growing] owing Pope. Rowe (ed. 2); Please you but Pope.
4. guilders] See 1. i. 8.
12. Pleaseth you] Ff; Please you 14. may you] Ff 1, 2, 3; you may F 4.
8. growing] growing or accruing
6. attach] Another example of due. Compare Iv. iv. 120, 133.
And buy a rope's end: that will I bestow
Dro. E. I buy a thousand pound a year: I buy a rope. [Exit.
Ang. Saving your merry humour, here's the note
How much your chain weighs to the utmost carat,
17. her] Rowe; their Ff; these Collier (ed. 2). 21. rope.] rope! Rowe. 23. I] You Dyce (ed. 2). promised] promised me Collier. 26. it] we Keightley. and] omitted by Pope. 28. carat] Pope; charect F 1; Raccat Ff 2, 3, 4; caract Collier (ed. 1).
21. I buy a thousand . . . rope] The real point of this passage is extremely obscure. Craig explains: "I will as gladly as [? receive] the above annuity help in the scheme of vengeance." Halliwell compares 3 Henry VI. II. ii. 144, where Edward says of Queen Margaret:
"A wisp of straw were worth a thousand crowns
have no true debitor and creditor but it."
26. together] Here a dissyllable, as in v. i. 208. Compare line 60 post.
28. carat] Florio, Dictionary, has "Carato: a weight or degree in Diamonds, Pearls, Rubies, and Metals, called a Charact; also the touch, the loy, or stint of refining of God or Silver." Cotgrave gives "Carat: a
To make this shameless callet carrat : amongst Goldsmiths and
the wearing of a wisp of straw on the head being the punishment for a scold, and possibly for a strumpet. But it is not easy to see any connection between the passages. I think Dromio must mean that when he buys a rope (i.e. to hang himself with) he buys the equivalent of a thousand a year. Compare Cymbeline, v. iv. 168: "O the charity of a penny cord! It sums up thousands in a trice! you
Mint-Men is the third part of an ounce; among Jewellers or Stonecutters, but the 19 [sic] part [19 must be an error for 192]; for 8 of them make but one sterlin, and a sterlin is the 24 part of an ounce.' The word only occurs here and in 2 Henry IV. IV. v. 162: "Other, less firm in carat, is more precious."
29. chargeful] full of charge, expensive. Compare "careful" (full of care), v. i. 299.