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tireir exercises, for a very scanty remuneration, which I lost in gaming, or squandered in gratifying my appetite.--Still, however, I made considerable progress, and should have been at the head of the school, had I continued in it another year. But one thing is remarkable, considering what has since taken place, that, while I could translate Latin into English, or English into Latin, perhaps inore readily and correctly than any other boy in the school, I never could compose themes. I absolutely seemed to have no ideas, when set to work of this kind, either then or for some years afterwards; and was even greatly at a loss to write a common letter.” p. 17.
Of the evils attending large public schools he thus remarks : “ I cannot quit the present subject, without observing the dire evils attending large public schools, where the boys are, for a very great part of their time, from under the eye of the master, however vigilant; and at a distance from parents and relations, and all whose presence would impose restraint upon them. Thus they are, in a great measure, left to devise and practise wickedness together; they embolden one another to break through the defence of natural modesty: they teach their juniors the vicious practices which they have learned from their seniors ; they bestow pains to corrupt each other's principle; they often procure the vilest publications: and by the help of indexes, and other means, they sometimes become better acquainted with the most indecent passages of the classic authors, than with their daily lessons. The most clever, daring, and wicked of the elder boys is the hero of the time being, whom all, that are near enough to him, envy, imitate, and emulate. When he leaves the school his most successful copyist takes his place; and the same scene is reacted again and again. Those who have money, purchase the company of such as are witty and entertaining: and not unfrequently they contract unsuspected habits of intemperance and licentiousness. Something may indeed be done, in many cases, to counteract these evils : but they are, in a great degree, inseparable from the system, and are very inadequately counterbalanced by superior advantages for the acquisition of classical learning.” p. 19.
In September of 1762, Mr. Scott was apprenticed to a surgeon and apothecary at Alford, where his habit of attending church was interrupted, and most of bis leisure time spent in an improper manner. At the end of two months he returned home in disgrace, though it appears his master, an unprincipled man, was much in fault. He spent the nine succeeding years with his father, where he endured many hardships' and privations, and at last discovered that the provision which he might reasonably expect at his father's death, was intended for his brother.
« On this discovery, (says Mr. S.) I determined to make some effort, however desperate, to extricate myself: and I only waited for an opportunity to declare my determination. Without delay, my Greek grammar was studied through and through : and I made what use I could of my Latin books : my father, in the mean-time, expressing his astonishment at my conduct.
" At length, in April, 1772, I avowed my intention, in almost the worst manner possible. After a long wet day of incessant fatigue, I deemed myself, and perhaps with justice, to be causelessly and severely blamed, and I gave full vent to my indignant passions; and, throwing aside my shepherd's frock, declared my purpose no more to resume it. That night I lodged at my brother's, at a little distance: but, in the morning, I considered that a large flock of ewes, in yeaning time, had no one to look after them, who was competeut to the task. I therefore returned, and did what was needful ; and then set off for Boston, where a clergyman resided, with whom I had contracted some acquaintance, by conversing with him on common matters, when he came to do duty in my brother's village, and took refreshment at his house. .'" To this clergyman I opened my mind with hesitation and trepidation : and nothing could well exceed his astonishment when he heard my purpose of attempt ing to obtain orders. He knew me only as a shepherd, somewhat more conversible, perhaps, than others in that station, and immediately asked, “Do you know any thing of Latin and Greek!' I told him, I had received education, but that for almost ten years I had never seen a Greek book, except the grammar. He instantly took down a Greek Testament, and put it into my hands; and without difficulty I read several verses, giving both the Latin and English rendering of them, according to the custom of our school. On this, having strongly expressed his surprise, he said, “Qur visitation will be next week; the archdeacon, Dr. Gordon, will be here ; and, if you will be in the town, I will mention you to him, and induce him if I can, to send for you.' This being settled, I returned immediately to my father for the intervening days; knowing how much, at that season, he wanted my help, for services which he could no longer perform himself, and was not accustomed to intrust to servants." pp. 29, 30.
(To be continued.)
WESTERN ASIA.-SAMARITAN Jew. The following conversation took place between Mr. Wolff, a Missionary in the employ of the London Jews' Society, and a Jew. " Dec. 29, 1821. Mr. Joseph Damiani introduced me to day to Israel, from Naplus, (Sichem,) Scrivano to a Turkish merchant at Jaffa. He is one of those few descendants of the Samaritans residing at Naplus. He received me with great cordiality; I addressed myself to him in the Hebrew tongue, he was only able to understand the expression Lasan hakodesh, (the holy language.) I asked him, pamely, whether he speaks the holy language, (the Hebrew ;) he showed me three Samaritan manuscripts, the tirst contained the fourth part of the books of Moses, the second, a book called Mimar, old sermons of their priests, which he affirmed were above 1600 years old, and the third manuscript contained a catechism for the Samaritan youth, which consisted of the Ten Commandments of Moses ; all these manuscripts were written in the Samaritan language, which I was not able to read. Israel is of an amiable countenance ; another Samaritan was there beside him.
1. Do you sell these books ?
I. Are you in the possession of the Prophets and the Psalms of David ?
Israel. We do not acknowledge any other prophet besides Moses, we do neither acknowledge Isaiah, nor Jeremiah, nor Ezekiel, nor the Psalms of David, nothing, nothing, nothing but the books of Moses, we despise likewise the Talmud and the Mishna. There is much to be found in the books of Moses, not every one is able to un. derstand them nor can enter into the depth of them.
1. Why do you not believe in the Prophets ?
Israel. Ye shall not add unto the word which I command you, neither shall ye diminish ought from it, that ye may keep the commandments of the Lord your God, which I command you.
1. What do you think about Messiah, whether he is already come, or shall come ?
Israel. He shall surely come, and his coming will be glorious, a
fiery column shall desceod from heaven, and we shall see signs and wonders before his coming! Believe, me, my lord, I am young, but I have studied the books of Moses diligently.
1. Who shall be the Messiah ?
Israel. There shall be two; the first (but not the chief one) shall be Joshua, the son of Nun, the disciple of Moses; the other of the tribe of Joseph.
I. Have you any.communication with the Jews.
Israel. No; an enmity from the time of Joseph, the son of Jacob, whose descendants we are, exists between us.
1. What was the cause of your first enmity?
Israel. Joseph was a good child, and beautiful, and beloved of bis father; his brethren, Simeon and Levi, hated him, and when his father sent Joseph in the field, an angel appeared to him, and said, “ Thy brethren are in Dodajm ;" he went to them, they saw him, and tried to kill him; but Judah, who had much authority among his brethren, persuaded them to sell him to a caravan of merchants, and thus came Joseph into Egypt; there he became the first after Pharaoh, and there he begat Manasseh and Ephraim, and we are his descendants. Joseph, our father, bas pardoned them their offence, but we his children, would never forget that Joseph, our father, was so rashly treated by his brethren! And from that time is the division, till we finally separated from them, and worshipped no longer at Jerusalem, but upon Gerizim.
I. Will you give me letters for your brethren at Naplus ? I love you, and will inquire into your state, and many of my friends in England will be rejoiced to hear more about you.
Israel. With the greatest pleasure will I give you letters; we koow that when nations from afar shall come to inquire into our state, the time will not be far off, the time of the redemption, the time of the arrival of the Messiah! Tell me, my lord, are not some of our brethren in England ?
1. I do not know.
Israel. We have heard that some of our brethren lived in tlie desert of Moscovia.
1. I would advise you to enter into a correspondence with my friends in England about your nation ; I will forward the letters.
Israel. I will give you letters for all my brethren; you may live with them, and they shall love your lordship.
I. I love you, very much, my brother. Israel. What is your name, my lord ? 1. Joseph Wolff.
Israel. Joseph ? Joseph ? Joseph ? and repeating my name, he looked continually in my face, and said, Yes, I will give you letters ; you will not find many Samaritans, but the Lord does not consider the number, he considers those who love him and keep his command ments. God blessed Ishmael, and made bin fruitful, and multiplied him exceedingly, and begat twelve princes, and made him a great nation ; but he established with Isaac his covenant, and the Lord drove Hagar out of the house of Abraham. He gave Isaac to eat of the
manna which was endowed with the tastes of the best fruits of several kinds
1. We do not find the latter observation in the book of Moses.
Israel. I have told you from the beginning, that the book of Moses contains many hidden things, but not every one enters into the depth of them. ·
I have observed that the Samaritans, notwithstanding their rejection of the Talmud, have adopted notions of that book; as for instance, that an angel appeared to Joseph, and of the several tastes the manna was endowed with ; fables taken out of rabbinical books. Or, perhaps, the rabbies have taken those notions from the Samaritans. I continued to ask him,
1. Have you still sacrifices ?
Israel. (With a joyful countenance,) Yes, we sacrifice once every year an animal, on the feast of Passover, and we have a high-priest from the family of Aaron.
Poor Samaritans, no fire comes down from heaven to receive your sacrifice, it is no longer a sweet-smelling savour unto the Lord. Come to that High-Priest after the order of Melchisedek, who in the days of his flesh, offered up prayers and supplications with strong erying and tears, unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared! Poor Samaritans, I shall have many things to say of him to you, on my arrival at Naplus. Dear Samaritan brethren! turn your eyes to that High-Priest, who is boly, harmless, undefiled, and separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens, who did offer up once a sacrifice for the people's sins, when he offered up hiniself.
Israel.' (continued) I still could tell you more of the mount Gerizim, which was blessed, and mount Ebal, which was cursed, but you will be well informed at Naplus; but I must ask thee a question, my lord-We received some years ago, a letter by the way of Aleppo, which was written in France by two gentlemen, the name of the one was Gragier, but I have forgoten the name of the other.
1. What did they write to you?
Israel. They asked us deep questions, and among others, they asked us the reasons of our having given up the trial to seek every year for such and such an ox? Dost thou know, my lord, whether Gragier, and the other whose name I do not remember, reside in a city called Paris ?
1. Gragier, is most probably Monsieur Gregoire, and the other, perhaps, Sylvestre de Sacy. I could not understand well the description of that ox, uor was Mr. Joseph Damiani, who interpreted as often as I wanted a word, able to explain to me the meaning of it. I hope to inquire at Naplus ; for that kind Samaritan gives me tomorrow letters for Naplus, so that I shall have a lodging in the house of a Samaritan Jew.
On my returning to the house of Mr. Damiani, Assaid Ahya Effendi, formerly commander of the castle at Jaffa, and now residing at Jerusalem, a Mussulman, entered the room of the Consul. As I had just with me the Arabic New Testament translated by Sabat, I showed
at to him, and desired him to read something in it, and tell me his observations about it. He read attentively the genealogy of Matthew, and he exclaimed suddenly, “ I observe a great error!”
I. Be so kind as to show me the error.
He showed me Matt. i. 24, and said, “ And took unto him his wife,” this is not true, for Jesus was not the son of Joseph, the Nabi, (prophet.)
1. The following verse answers your difficulty, “ And knew her aot, till she had brought forth,” &c.
Assaid Ahya Effendi. Then the word wife is not well chosen, he ought to have said bride. The second error he found, was, that Matthew ought not to have said, Joseph was a just man; but that he was a Nabi, (prophet.)
He gave me a letter of introduction to a learned Mussulman at Jerusalem, whose game is Said Effendi, who will give me lessons in Arabic.
Dec. 30, 1821. Israel, the Samaritan, called again on me, and gave me a letter of introduction to his relatives at Naplus, the ancient Sichem. I asked whether they had the book of Joshua; he told me that they are only in possession of the history of Joshua, but the book itself is losi. I asked further, what do you think about the character of those men whom Jews and Christians consider as prophets ?
Israel. Those persons have been the reasons that the schism among the Jews became every day stronger and stronger, and the enmity from the times of Joseph was established for ever. Ali, an old man, called by the Jews Elijah, came to the king of Samaria, who was a young man, and he (Ali) thought himself not honoured enough by the young king, and therefore, went about and exasperated the minds of the people against their king. Certainly, that was not the reason Elijah grieved, but rather that Ahaziah inquired of Beelzebub, as if there was not a God in Israel.
GREENLAND.--MORAVIAN Mission. LETTERS received from New Herrnhut, dated June and August, 1821, mention, that the health of the Missionaries on that station continued favourable ; while the prevalence of damp weather, during the months of June and July, had occasioned dangerous colds among the Greenlanders, which had interrupted the activity of the Missionaries, during the seven most auspicious weeks of the summer season, and in the sequel greatly augmented their labours. The spiritual state of the Greenland congregation was more encouraging and hopeful, than before ; divine worship was very numerously attended throughout the winter, the communicants walked worthily of their profession, the young people were more attentive to the things belonging to their peace, and the children were in a better state of subordination. The indifference of ten persons, who had been excluded, was a solitary cause of regret." From the date of the accounts of last year down to the above period, six persons had been received You. IX.