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service. And there are few men of whom it could more justly be said," he is not of this world," than of John McFARLANE, who departed this life on Monday the 10th March, at his house, in Greenwich-street, in the 83d year of his age, after a short illness of somewhat more than three days.

He was a native of Scotland, but emigrated to this country about fifty years ago, and since that time resided almost constantly in this city He was for a considerable time in business, but in this be was unsuccessful. Here, however, it is sufficient to state that, whatever might be his embarrassments, he was universally allowed to have acted with honour and integrity.

In all the vicissitudes of life he was uniform and diligent in the pablic and private duties of religion, and was for a great number of years a member and an elder in the Associate Church. These things, however, are mentioned only as events of secondary importance in the life of this holy man. For he was a genuine follower of Christ, and he loved and esteemed his fellow-men, not for their country or kindred, but for their piety and worth, persuaded, as be used to say, that “in Christ Jesus there is neither Jew nor 'Greek, but all are one in him." Though strongly attached to the religious principles held by the Christian society of which he was so long a nnich respected member, yet there never was a man who showed less the spirit and temper of a partisan.

But we may pass from the events of his life, for in so far as this world is concerned, “ the short and simple annals of the poor" are soon rehearsed. Not so the many labours of love, and the many good works of this distinguished saint. The example of his holy life-his fervent charity-his ardent piety-his meek humility and savoury conversation, will live long in the cherished recollections of his pious friends. For although he had a good report of all men, yet it was only kindred spirits who could either understand his character or form a just estimate of his real worth.

Being largely endowed with the spirit of his Master, whom he served with dili gence and zeal, and followed through good and through bad report ; many of the Christian graces shone conspicuous through the gloom of outward calamity. In him patience had her perfect work. Under all the crosses, afflictions and disappointments of life, of which a very great share was his, he was never heard to repine at his condition, nor to charge God foolishly. His meekness and humility were equal to his patience. His temper did not rise at the reproach of the foolish, but when he was rashly spoken against by any, his uniform reply was, had they known him better, perhaps they would have said something more to his disadvantage.

In his intercourse with his Christian friends he was uniforınly cheerful, obliging and kind. As to the business of this world his heart had long been weaped from it; and for many years past his conversation was almost all in heaven. The general tenor of his life seemed to be a practical commentary on the follow. ing passage of Holy Writ: One thing have I desired of the Lord, that will I seek after, that I may dwell in the house of the Lord all the days of my life, to behold the beauty of the Lord, and to inquire in his temple.

But among all his attainments his skill in the Scriptures, and his gift in prayer were not the least remarkable. The Bible was his daily companion, and the statutes of the Lord were the men of his counsel, Nor was it possible to observe his fervour at the throne of grace, without thinking of him who, “as a prince had power with God and prevailed.”

With such gifts and endowments he was eminently calculated to administer religious instruction and spiritual consolation to the distressed and the dying, and he was often found in the house of mourning. There, with an interest and solicitude that can only be felt by those who have just ideas of the value of the soul, he showed the way of life-he pointed to the Lamb of God that taketh away the sins of the world, and preached peace through the blood of the cross, as the only but all-efficient means of banishing terror from the conscience, and imparting consolation to the disconsolate and troubled mind. It was on his way to the house of affliction that he was arrested by the messenger of death. He was seized with a kind of giddiness to which he was sometimes subject, and with some difficulty he reached a friend's house which was on his way. By the care of the family he so far recovered as to be able to walk home with an attendant, but was again taken ill in the course of a few hours.

He was much afdicted all the afternoon and evening, and on the following day,

Civil Retrospect. --foreign.

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when medical aid was called in, having some presentiment that he would not recover, he patiently composed his mind for the issue, resigned to the will of Providence, and willing to depart Two days after, the evening before he died, being now convinced that his end was approaching, he said to one standing by“ If God were pleased to take me out of the world by this affiction I am willing to depart. I have always thought the time of sickness a bad time to prepare for death, and I now find myself so much distressed that I cannot compose my mind to attend to the duties of religion I hope my friends will pray for meI believe God will take care of me- I wait for his salvation."

Next morning he was evidently much weaker, and although perfectly sensible, (as appeared by his recognizing a friend and inquiring for her sick husband a few pinutes before he died,) yet he spake little and acted like one done with the world. Though greatly afflicted he endured his sufferings without one murmur, and at last fell asleep so sweetly and so insensibly, that although several persons were standing by, not one of them could say at what moment his departing spirit left its earthly tent.

So lived, and so died this holy man of God: all who knew him, for he was one of those that the more they are known, the more highly they are esteemed, and to be esteemed as they ought must be intimately known, will readily bear witness that the above is but a very faint sketch of his excellent character and heavenly endowments. These things have not been mentioned to call forth sorrow for his departure ; for he was ripe for heaven, and he came to his grave in full age, like as a shock of corn cometh in in his season, but to stir up all who knew him to consider his conversation—to imitate his many virtues, and to follow his good ex. ample. Mark the perfect man and behold the upright, for the end of that man is peace.

New-York, March 18, 1823.

R.

CIVIL RETROSPECT.

FOREIGN. Europe.-The news this month from Europe is wholly warlike. Contrary to our anticipations and hopes, France has expressed a determination to make war on Spain, to compel the latter to suit her government to the views of the former. The jealousy of despotism, or the fear of the effects of an example of a government of a popular form so near to France, has no doubt induced the government of the latter to assume the attitude she bears; while the dormant, but far from extinguished military spirit of the French people, has probably been viewed by their rulers, as a trait on which they might rely for the popularity of the war. Still they may find their calculation erroneous : the veterans of Napoleon will endure hardly, the promotion of superannuated courtiers, or of the beardless members of the present noble families, over the military nobles of the former reign : and the people, tired and willing to enjoy a respite from war, may perhaps conceive that if they must endure its evils, they would prefer struggles for liberty to crusades against it. It will not therefore surprise us to hear, either that France has receded from the stand she has taken, or that she is herself a prey to intestine commotions similar to those which, like a fratricide, she is fomenting in Spain. Besides, it cannot be doubted that the issue of a war with Spain is very uncertain: its mountains, the guerilla or partisan habits of its population, the spirit of resistance which a call on such an occasion must naturally inspire, will make its conquest neither easy nor certain, and render the possession of it very unsafe. Although we have little hope that the war will be averted, yet we consider it possible, and cling to our hopes almost as we should to life.

The bearing of this war on Spain will be important, far beyond ordi.

nary wars. They have had one war for the right of establishing a government for themselves, and eventually succeeded. The government they restored was a bad one. They are now to have another, in which the evils of that government will be arrayed agaiost the vigour and patriotisın, by the mistaken efforts of which it was restored. We observe that the catholic clergy, and what imay be called the high church party, are on the side of the French. We think the tendency of this will be to wean Spain from its catholic superstition, to impress a belief on the people that the catholic clergy are its enemies, leagued with strangers against their country, and sacrificing its glory, peace, and best interests, to their own selfish plans. We think that no event will tend more strongly to shake Popery in this its strong pold, than such a war as seeins impending; and, we may be assured, at least in these days, that breaches in a shattered superstition are not easily repaired. Another circumstance adds interest to these views; France, with its infidelity and superstition, are şiding with the catholic clergy, while England is likely to take part with Spain. We hope, therefore, that by a connexion with England, the head of Protestant Europe, and a war with infidel, popish France, both the blankness of infidelity, so generally the successor of superstition may be avoided, and the pure doctrines of the Reformed Religion be established. If war shall take place, no doubt Divine Providence will make it subserve His best purposes. We, therefore, rest more sanguine in such anticipations as we have above indulged in.

A war with Spain will, we hope, also give independence to the Spanish colonies. We trust that a nation struggling for the rights of self-government, feeling its inability to maintain an effective control over its colonies, will have the magnanimity which distress so often excites, and by relinquishing its claims to sovereignty over the colonies, free them from a useless war, and secure them as friends and allies.

No news from South America has been received which can be depended upon. Various and contradictory reports are afloat as to the successes or reverses of Morales.

DOMESTIC. No domestic events of great importance have taken place. Perhaps, however, the deaths of Mr. Van Ness, formerly Judge of our Supreme Court, and of Judge Livingston, of the Supreme Court of the United States, are exceptions. They have been cut down, the one in the flower of his years, the other in a green old age, and both in the meridian of usefulness. It is consoling to us, and honourable to our country, to be able to say that both expressed great sense of the value of the Christian Yeligion, and confidence in its claims to our faith and obedience. We rejoice in seeing our lawyers, men qualified by their acuteness and experience to judge well on this subject, and yet tempted to scepticism by the secular character of their occupations, and their frequent occasions to judge ill of human testimony, bearing testimony to the truth of the Christian religion. We now can add to our venerable Jay, and lamented Hamilton, the deceased worthies above named, increasing the class of those who bow their lofty understanding, profound learning, and great acquaintance with mankind, to the simple, honest testimony of the Apostles of Christ. May this our glory never be dimmed, nor ever depart from us!March 31, 1823,

Seamans Magazine. .'

He maketh the storm a calm, so that the waves thereof are still. Thep are they glad because they be quiet; so he bringeth them unto their desired haven. Psalms.

; THE CHARLESTON BETHEL UNION, To all Bethel Unions, Port Societies, and Ship Masters, send Greeting : · BRETHREN AND FRIENDS—Though an infant institution, we hope we shall be pardoned for the liberty we are taking in addressing those, who are greatly our superiors in knowledge and experience, when we assure them, that our object is not to teach them wisdom, but to solicit their assistance. a

In exploring the field of our labours for the purpose of ascertaining what is to be done, and how it is to be accomplished, we have endeavoured not only to make such personal observations as circumstances would permit, but also to avail ourselves of the knowledge which shipmasters have acquired from experience. To facilitate an acquaintance with the feelings and babits of seamen, we have conversed with masters individually, and have also adopted the plan of giving a general invitation, as often as it shall be deemed expedient, to those in port to meet a Committee from our body on board some ship, for the purpose of holding a free discussion upon any topic relating to the moral and religious improvement of seamen. The result of our investigation has been to establish in our minds a firm conviction, that all the deficiencies, which are found in the character of seamen, beyond what are daily exhibited in other classes of the community, are owing to their want of the same means and the same motives.

As to the means of their religious instruction in this place, we hope that in future they will be constant. But as a handmaid to the truths of the Gospel, some other motive seems to be necessary to encourage sailors to aim at a higher elevation of character-to stimulate them to strive for that good name wbich is rather to be chosen than great riches.

To other men this motive is furnished by the common circumstances of their situation. . Placed in the midst of their acquaintances, and in the bosom of their family, their reputation, their livelihood, and even their daily comfort, depend upon their maintaining a regu. lar and decent deportment. But the sailor is often far removed from the watchful eye of kindred affection, and his character and conduct wholly unknown to any individual of his former acquaintance. If then he can be as readily employed and obtain as much wages, while rioting in the paths of dissipation, and revelling in the baunts of sin, as in the pursuit of any other course, wbat motive, unless he possesses moral principle, will draw him away from the jaws of the destroyer, and induce him to aim at what is virtuous and praiseworthy ?

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Vol. IX.

With a view of furnishing the motives most likely to operate in the case, “ shipmasters have informed us, that in some ports in Europe a Register Office has been established for the purpose of recording the names of such sailors as should be able to obtain from the last master with whom they sailed, a certificate of their correct habits and faithful services, and that when masters ship sailors, they apply to this office and give such men a decided preference.” That such an institution may have the desired effect, it should be distinctly understood, that in connexion with it, there must be good Boarding Houses, where the means of rational entertainment and solid improvement may be enjoyed-where no imposition shall be practised where the sailor of every clime shall find his friends and bis home ; and also, that those, who apply at the office must uniformly be recommended to these houses, and that such as do not comply with their directions, but take lodgings in places not patronized by the managers of the institution, are to be considered as forfeiting their certificate and losing all claim to employment or protection. Shipmasters with whom we have consulted, have with one voice assured us, that if ihstitutions of this kind can be generally established under proper regulations, they will give them their hearty sanction and their uniform patronage. They also say they are decidedly of the opinion, that they would be among the best means of improving the moral character of seamen, which have yet been devised, and wbich are so practicable in their operation. But, at the same time, they remind us, that our exertions must be exceedingly embarrassed, if we attempt such an enterprize alone ; and that the good effected will be comparatively small, if it is undertaken only in a few other places. If the sailor needs such a motive in one port, he needs it through the world. If the master and the owner find it for their happiness and interest to know the character of the men they ship in one port, it would be. equally for their benefit to have the advantage of the same information in every port round the globe. In short, masters assure us that although disposed to make every effort in their power, they shall not be able to afford all the encouragement to an institution of this kind, which we hope soon to establish, that it may deserve, while standing alone. For wben in other ports they must be always liable to ship sailors who have no certificate, and leave those who have, because there is no regular method of making the distinction. And this, brethren and friends, is the special reason of our communication. Our minds have been deeply impressed with the importance of the object, and we have felt ourselves imperiously called upon by the indications of Providence to make an effort. But sensible as we are, that our influence must be exceedingly limited, unless something of the kind sball be attempted in other ports, we have taken the li. berty of addressing the friends of seamen generally, for the purpose of soliciting their co-operation. And we trust we shall be permitted earnestly to entreat all bodies organized for their benefit, to give the subject a speedy and careful examination. Would it not be expedient for all such bodies to invite either stated or occasional meetings of shipmasters, in which a Committee from the body shall meet them

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