Royal Society of Chemistry, 2001 - 223 pagine
Batteries are becoming increasingly important in today's world of portable electronic devices, along with the need to store electricity derived from solar and other renewable forms of energy, and the desire to introduce electric and hybrid electric vehicles to reduce emissions. Understanding Batteries is a must for all those seeking a straightforward explanation of how batteries are constructed, their operation, and the factors determining their performance and life. Beginning with a brief history of the development of batteries and a discussion of their applications and markets, the book goes on to outline the basic terminology and science of batteries. The different types of primary (non-rechargeable) and secondary (rechargeable) batteries are then described and emphasis is given to the importance of matching the battery to the intended application. Examples are given to demonstrate how to define and prioritise the various criteria which comprise the battery specification. Throughout, the chemistry is kept as simple as possible. Understanding Batteries will appeal to a wide range of readers, including electrical equipment manufacturers and users, engineers and technicians, chemistry and materials science students, teachers and the interested battery user.
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How a Battery Operates
How to Charge a Secondary Battery
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active material alkaline batteries alkaline cells alkaline-manganese cells alloy ampere-hours applications automotive battery battery management system battery pack button cells capacity carbon cell By courtesy cell voltage Chapter charge charge–discharge charger coin cells conductivity corrosion cost current-collector cycle-life cycles D-size devices dioxide discharge curve discharge rates Duracell elec electric vehicles electrochemical employed energy density engine graphite grids hydrogen hydroxide internal resistance ions lead lead dioxide lead–acid battery Leclanché Leclanché cells lithium cells lithium-ion battery lithium-ion cells lithium-polymer manganese manganese dioxide manufactured metal monoblocs negative electrode nickel nickel–cadmium batteries nickel–metal-hydride operation overcharge overpotential oxide performance polarization polymer positive electrode potassium hydroxide power output primary batteries primary cells range rechargeable batteries secondary battery self-discharge separator service-life shelf-life shown in Figure sodium specific energy state-of-charge storage sulfuric acid temperature thermal traction batteries VRLA watt-hours Wh kg zinc chloride zinc-silver-oxide