Vowel Length From Latin to Romance
OUP Oxford, 31 lug 2015 - 352 pagine
This book investigates the changes that affected vowel length during the development of Latin into the Romance languages and dialects. In Latin, vowel length was contrastive (e.g. pila 'ball' vs. pila 'pile', like English bit vs. beat), but no modern Romance language has retained that same contrast. However, many non-standard Romance dialects (as well as French, up to the early 20th century) have developed novel vowel length contrasts, which are investigated in detail here. Unlike previous studies of this phenomenon, this book combines detailed historical evidence spanning three millennia (as attested by extant texts) with extensive data from present-day Romance varieties collected from first-hand fieldwork, which are subjected to both phonological and experimental phonetic analysis. Professor Loporcaro puts forward a detailed account of the loss of contrastive vowel length in late Latin, showing that this happened through the establishment of a process which lengthened all stressed vowels in open syllables, as in modern Italian casa ['ka:sa]. His analysis has implications for many of the most widely-debated issues relating to the origin of novel vowel length contrasts in Romance, which are also shown to have been preserved to different degrees in different areas. The detailed investigation of the rise and fall of vowel length in dozens of lesser-known (non-standard) varieties is crucial in understanding the development of this aspect of Romance historical phonology, and will be of interest not only to researchers and students in comparative Romance linguistics, but also, more generally, to phonologists and those interested in historical linguistics beyond the Latin-Romance language family.
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Vowel length in the LatinRomance transition
The development of VL in Romance
The analysis of Northern Romance vowel length
Dialect variation and comparative reconstruction
In lieu of a conclusion
Language and dialect maps
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allophonic Alpine Lombard apocope Central Friulian Chapter closed syllables Consentius consonant gemination constraint contrastive VL Cremonese CVCV degemination deleted devoicing diachronic dialect of Soglio dialects diphthongization discussed display distinct distribution Emilian evidence exemplified fact Filipponio final vowel French Friulian Gallo-Romance Genoese Herman Italo-Romance Late Latin lengthening Ligurian linguistic Lizzanese Lizzano in Belvedere Lombard dialects long vowels long vs short Loporcaro metaphony Milanese minimal pairs NItRom Northern Italo-Romance Northern Romance obstruents Occitan open syllables outcomes oxytones paroxytones penult phonetic phonological prepausally PRom proparoxytones Proto-Romance province reconstruction rise of CVL Romance languages Romance varieties Romanian Romansh Sardinian short stressed vowel short vowels shortening shown singleton Soglio sonorants sound change Standard Italian stressed syllables syllable structure synchronic Tuscan unstressed Vanelli Veneto VL contrast vowel duration vowel length vowel qualities vowel system Western Lombard whereas word-final position word-internally words