Inhalation Studies: Foundations and Techniques

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Taylor & Francis, 22 ott 2008 - 288 pagine

This significantly updated and expanded new edition presents the scientific foundations of inhalation research essential to the design and conduct of toxicologic studies. It incorporates the major advances that have been made in the field, including recent advances in biology and the rapidly increasing global concerns and studies on particulate air pollution.

The Second Edition was motivated by:

  • new developments in the ultrafine particle health effects and concentrated aerosol research
  • advances in understanding postnatal lung growth and the deposition and clearance of inhaled particles
  • new techniques in toxicity testing
  • the explosion of knowledge in the genetic and molecular realms
  • the introduction of a large number of transgenic animal models
  • updated ethical guidelines for animal testing
  • the emergence of aerosol medicine
  • the growing threat of aerosol-related terrorism
  • increased appreciation of nonpulmonary effects of inhaled substances
  • use of medical scanning techniques to study respiratory tract structure
  • the introduction of new inhalation exposure systems
  • the emergence of aerosol concentrators for use in air pollution studies

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Informazioni sull'autore (2008)

ROBERT PHALEN Ph.D., co-directs the Air Pollution Health Effects Laboratory at the University of California, Irvine (UCI). He also holds two academic appointments in the College of Health Sciences at UCI: Professor in the Department of Community and Environmental Medicine; and Professor in the Department of Medicine’s Center for Occupational and Environmental Health. He has served as Chair of both the UCI Institutional Review Board (for Human Studies) and the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee. He is currently a member of the United States Environmental Protection Agency’s Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee—Particulate Material, and he is a member of 11 professional scientific associations/societies. In 1971, he obtained a Ph.D. in biophysics, with specialization in inhalation toxicology, from the University of Rochester (in Rochester, NY). His postdoctoral research was conducted at the Inhalation Toxicology Research Institute (now the Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute) in Albuquerque, NM. In 1972, Dr. Phalen joined the then College of Medicine at UCI to establish the Air Pollution Health Effects Laboratory, which still conducts studies relating to the toxicology of air pollutants, and trains graduate students and physicians in inhalation toxicology. His research is in several areas including: predicting doses from inhaled particles; health effects of inhaled air pollutants; and applied aerosol physics. He has published over 100 scientific papers, and authored and/or edited four previous books on aerosol inhalation topics.

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