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PAY OF THE OFFICERS, NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS, AND PRIVATEŞ.

Major-general, 166 dollars per month, and 15 rations per day; and when forage is not furnished by the United States, the further sum of 20 dollars per month.

Brigadier-general, 104 dollars per month, 12 rations per day, and 16 dollars per month for forage, when not furnished as aforesaid.

Lieutenant-colonel-gommandant, 75 dollars per month, rations per day, and 12 dollars per month for forage, as aforesaid.

Major of artillery, or cavalry, 55 dollars per month, 4 rations per day, and ten dollars per month for forage, as aforesaid.

Major of infantry, 50 dollars per month, 4 rations per day, and 10 dollars per month for forage, as aforesaid.

Captain of cavalry, 40 dollars per month, 3 rations per day, and 10 dollars per month, as aforesaid.

Captain of artillery or infantry, 40 dollars per month, and 3 rations per day.

First lieutenant of cavalry, 30 dollars per month, 2 rations per day, and 6 dollars per month for forage, as aforesaid.

Lieutenants of artillery, each 30 dollars per month, and 2 rations.

Second lieutenant of cavalry, 25 dollars per month, 2 rations per day, and 6 dollars per month for forage, as aforesaid.

First lieutenant of infantry, 30 dollars per month, and 2 rations per day.

Second lieutenant of infantry, 25 dollars per month, and 2 rations per day.

Regimental surgeon, 45 dollars per month, 3 rations per day, and 10 dollars per month for forage, unless furnished by the United States.

Surgeon's mate, 30 dollars per month, 2 rations per day, and 6 dollars per month for forage, unless as aforesaid.

Regimental pay-master, quarter-master, and adjutant, in addition to their pay in the line, each 10 dollars per month, and 6 dollars per month for forage, unless as aforesaid.

Cadet of Cavalry, 10 dollars per month, 2 rations per day, and 6 dollars per month for forage, unless as aforesaid.

All other cadets, 10 dollars per inonth, and 2 rations per day.

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Serjcant-major and quarter-master-serjeant, each 10 dollars per month.

Chief musician, 8 dollars per month.
Serjeant, 8 dollars per month.
Corporal, 7 dollars per month.
Musician, 6 dollars per month.

An artificer to the infantry and artillery, a farrier, saddler, and boot-maker, to the cavalry, each 10 dollars per month.

A private soldier, 5 dollars per month.

And to each of the non-commissioned officersand privates, one ration of provisions per day.

All non-commissioned officers, artificers, musicians, and privates, who are or shall be enlisted, and the non-commissioned officers, artificers, musicians, and privates of the militia, or other corps, when in the service of the United States, are exempt from all personal arrest on account of debt or other contract.

By act passed the 3d of March, 1799, for the better organization of the troops of the United States, each non-commissioned officer, private, artificer, and musician, who shall hereafter be enlisted for the army of the United States, shall be entitled to a bounty of 12 dollars; but the payment of one third thereof shall be deferred until he joins his regiment.

And each non-commissioned officer, employed in the reeruiting service, shall be entitled to receive for cach non-commissioned officer, private, or musician, duly enlisted, the sum of two dollars, in full compensation for his extra expenses in this service.

There shall be a commander of the army of the United States, to be appointed and commissioned by the title of “ Gene. ral of the Armies of the United States;" and the present office and title of lieutenant-general shall hereafter be established.

There shall be a quarter-master-general to the army of the United States, with the rank, pay, and emolument of major-general.

It shall be lawful for the president of the United States, at his discretion, to organize, officer, and raise a battalion of riflemen, to be entitled to the same pay and emolument as a battalion of infantry of the line.

There shall be to every army of the United States, other than that in which the quarter-master-general shall serve, a deputy

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quarter-master-general, who, in addition to his other emoluments, shall be entitled to 50 dollars per month, for his extra services, and travelling expenses.

The provisions of this act are not to affect the present quarter-master-general of the United States, who, in case a quartermaster-general shall be appointed, by this act, is to act as deputy quarter-master-general, and have the rank of lieutenant-colonel.

To every division of an army there shall be a quartermaster of division, who, in addition to his other emoluments, shall be entitled to 30 dollars per month.

To every brigade there shall be a brigade quarter-master, who shall receive 24 dollars per month, for his extra services; each of which officers to be chosen by the quarter-master-gerieral from the regimental officers.

There shall be a deputy inspector-general to every army, other than that in which the inspector-general serves, to be a field-offices, and to have 50 dollars per month, for his extra serrices.

To every division of an army, there shall be a division-inspector, who shall be entitled to thirty dollars per month, for his extra services.

To every brigade, there shall be a brigade-inspector, who shall be entitled to twenty-four dollars per month, for his extra services; each of which officers, to be chosen from the regimental officers, by the inspector-general.

The adjutant-general of the army, shall be ex-officio assistant inspector-general.

And every deputy-inspector-general, shall be ex-officio deputy-adjutant-general, and shall perform the duties of adjutantgeneral, in the army to which he shall be annexed.

The pay-master-general of the armies of the United States, shall be always quartered at or near the head-quarters of the main army, or at such place as the commander-in-chief shall deem proper.

To the army of the Western Frontiers, and to detachments from the main army, the pay-master-general shall appoint deputypay-masters, who shall account to him for all monies advanced them, and shall give bond in the sum of fifteen thousand dollars,

with sureties for the faithful performance of their respective duties; and the several regimental pay-masters shall also give bond in the sum of five thousand dollars, with sureties for the faithful performance of their duties.

The pay-master-general, to receive eighty dollars per month, with the rations and forage of a major, in full compensation for his services and travelling expenses; and the deputy, in addition to his pay, and other emoluments, thirty dollars per month, in full compensation for his extra services.

Every major-general of the army of the United States, shall be entitled to two aids, to be chosen by himself; each of whom, shall receive, in addition to his pay, and other emoluments, twenty-four dollars per month, and ten dollars per month for forage, when not furnished by the United 3tates.

Every brigadier of the army, shall be entitled to one aid, chosen by himself, who, in addition to his pay, and other emoluments, shall receive for his extra services, twenty-four dollars per month, and ten dollars for forage, when not furnished as aforesaid.

The President of the United States, is authorized to engage and appoint, distinct from the officers of the corps of artillerists and engineers, two engineers, with the rank of lieutenant-colonels, and to allow them such compensation as he shall think necessary.

There shall be an inspector of fortifications, whose duties shall be assigned him by the Secretary of War, under the direction of the President of the United States. The compensation allowed, if selected from the

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of artillerists and engineers, for his extra services, thirty-five dollars per month; and if he shall not be an officer in the artillery or engineers, Ire shall be allowed for his services, seventy-five dollars monthly, and rank as major in the army of the United States.

In case he shall be chosen from the corps of artillerists and engineers, or army of the United States, his place therein shall be supplied by promotion, or a new appointment, or both, as may be requisite; but he shall nevertheless retain his station in the said corps or army, and rise therein, in the same manner, as if he had never been appointed inspector.

There shall be allowed to the inspector-general of the armies of the United States, in addition to his allowance as major-gene. ral, and in full compensation for extra services, fifty dollars monthly, and he shall be allowed a secretary of his own appoint. ment, with the pay and emolument of a captain.

By the act of March 16, 1802, the peace establishment was reorganized and remained at about four thousand, until 1808, when it was raised to ten thousand, which was the army peace establishment previous to the late war.

The following was the organization of the regular army at the close of the war in 1815, exclusive of the general staff.

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Light Ar. 1 1 2 1

10 963) Dragoon 1 1 21

2

1 8 981 Corps Ar. 6 6/12/12

48 495 Infantry 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2

10/1094 Riflemen 2) 11

(10110601 Total authorised force

963

981 12 5940 16 50324 4 4240

162448

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