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ment of his competitors and only charges your majesties with what he has actually expended.

“ Annexed hereto is a statement exhibiting his expenditures," &c.

The frankness of the following speech is quite amusing, and many of our readers will be ready to confess, that-nomine mutato-by a slight change as to customs and manners, it would suit as well the meridian of London or Paris, as the woods of Kentucky. It is supposed to be delivered, on the passage of a bill, entitled, “ an act to promote the impartial administration of justice.”

“MR. SPEAKER-I shall vote against the passage of this bill, because I apprehend that, if it should pass int a law, it may have a tendency to suppress the progress of villany, vice and barbarism. not misunderstood; I mean precisely what I say, and I have no doubt that many members of this honourable body act from the same motives, although they are not under the same necessity of avowing them that I am.

“Mr. Speaket-You know that I am a representative of a new county, but you cannot know as well as I do of what materials the population of that county is composed: when you learn this, you will see that my conduct is perfectly consistent. The first settler there was captain

who retired thither to avoid a prosecution for horse-stealing. He was followed in the ensuing spring by with his sons and sons-inlaw; several of whom were threatened with prosecution for hog-stealing. The next year about a dozen other very conspicuous families settled there; and it immediately became an asylum for the idle and the pro. fligate of every description, for debtors who were unable to pay,

and unwilling to go to jail; for those prosecuted, and in danger of being prosecuted, for felony, riots, batteries, and every species of crime.

“ It is true our population is small, but among us there are some aspiring men who wished to display their talents in civil and political life, as well as in hunting, horse racing and fighting: and as they could not get into office, without having a new county, they applied for and obtained one. This was the only motive for so doing, and not as some suppose, a disrelish for our former practices and mode of life.

“ Now Sir, I assert it boldly, that ten men cannot be found among my constituents, who upon an impartial trial, would not be either sentenced to the penitentiary, sold out as vagrants, or imprisoned for debt. But as long as trials are carried on in our own county, the administration of justice is perfectly harroless; for being all nearly in the same situation, and

having the whole management of it among ourselves, we so mould it as to suit our peculiar circumstances.

“ Mr. Speaker I know the situation of my constituents, and I know their wishes. I know that there is nothing which they dread so mucb as an inparlial administration of justice; and that it is their wish that no law shall pass which will have a tendency to produce it: and knowing their wishes, I feel myself bound by them.

“Mr. Speaker-I am no federalist, no aristocrat, I never attempt to dictate to my constituents, or to vote against what I know to be their wishes: and I hold it as the first principle of repuplicanism, that if any Imember of this house shall vote contrary to what he knows to be the will of his constituents, he ought to be here and hereafter.”

The common practice of sending strings of Resolutions from the State Legislatures, indicative of the sense of the people, on public measures, is admirably ridiculed, in a remonstrance from our author to the Legislature. He states that he has

“ seriously reflected on the practice, adopted by your honourable body, of collecting every winter the annual crop of the wisdom of our state, and transmitting it in the form of resolutions, instructions, &c. to Congress assembled at Washington City, and entirely disapproves of the practice, for the following reasons:

First, because it is making the state of Kentucky contribute more to the good of the union, than any one state is bound to do, or was ever expected to do. According to the principles of the Federal constitution, each state is bound to contribute annually, to the support of the general government, just as much of the state wisdom as its representatives and senators in Congress can carry to the seat of the federal government: and no more. And your remonstrant believes, that by a sound construction of the 10th article of the amendments to the Federal constitution, every particle of state wisdom, which is not expressly given to the general government, is expressly reserved to each state.

Secondly, your remonstrant considers this practice as an ostentatious profusion of the public wisdom, on those who stand in need of it, and who give our country no thanks for it. It is notorious that the general goo vernment lias made no complaints of a lack of wisdom, that she has not applied to this state for any addition to its constitutional quota, either by way of donation or loan; but on the contrary has shown by her uniform conduct, that she is coptent with the quantity transınitted by our Representatives and Senators.

Thirdly, It is with reluctance that your remonstrant acknowledges the unpleasant truth, that this state is far froin being rich in wisdomn: and

7

VOL. IV.

if the present practice is persisted in, the time is not remote when there will be an entire bankruptcy in that article: the consequence of which will be, as he supposes, that the general government will be obliged to put this state under commission of lunacy; which will be more vexatious and embarrassing to that government, than all the donation wisdom she ever has, or ever can receive from this state, will compensate for. Your remonstrant will here observe, that he strongly suspects that government anticipates such an event, and the vexation to herself resulting therefrom, which accounts for her never returning any thanks to this state, for the various cargoes of wisdom, with which she has been from time to time presented.

“ Your remonstrant has observed with deep concern, that this practice has produced a manifestly increasing lack of wisdom, in every department of our state government: our laws have become obscure, impolitic, and unjust; the execution of them wavering, unsteady, and feeble; our judicial decisions uprighteous, absurd, contradictory to those of all other nations and states, and inconsistent with each other; and what he considers still more conclusive, the number of lunatics, and other persons of unsound mind has of late years increased to an alarming degree; as will be manifest to every one who will take the trouble to examine the auditor's books.

“ Your remonstrant therefore, solemnly admonishes your honourable body, not to send to Washington City, or to any other place, any more of the state wisdom: and further submits to your consideration, whether it is not expedient, to re-import for your own use, a part at least of what has been already sent there.”

There is a sensible « letter to a young lawyer," who is advised to read Sallust, Tacitus, and Montesquieu, and all the speeches of Edmund Burke, Alexander Hamilton and Fisher Ames, which, the author very properly characterizes as exhibiting “ the highest degree of excellence in all the various species of style enumerated by rhetoricians.”

“ The author's account of himself, in answer to an invitation to tea, sent by some young ladies," proves the truth of the remark that a writer may be known from his own works. This piece did not present itself, until we had gone nearly through the volume: but in the “minds eye” we had portrayed the author of this strange olin, very much as he is exhibited in the following lines:

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But must inform you, with your leave,
You

very much yourself deceive;
Your presence, sir, can never please,
Your absence, will at least give ease;
Your love I must by distance measurem
The farther off the more the pleasure."

“ By this instructed, I'm aware
I've but one way to please the fair;
And will pursue that only way,
Which is TO KEEP MYSELF AWAY."

AMERICAN LITERATURE.

1.- The American Analectic Magazine and Naval Chronicle; published by Moses Thomas, Philadelphia, July and August, 1816, 8vo.

2. The Ameriean Portfolio; a Monthly Miscellany of Essays on various Subjects, Memoirs of distinguished Personages, Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, &c. Philadelphia, Harrison Hall, August, 1816, 8vo.

The article which we are about to introduce to the reader is copied from the Critical Review. The object of the proprietors of this work, as it is described in the preface by Dr. Johnson, published in 1756, is “ to exbibit a succinct view of

every performance; to point out the most striking beauties or glaring defects," &c. This promise is repeated in the number for December last, and the reader shall now have an opportunity of ascertaining how far “the rule of '56” was observed in the following month.

“We have often regretted, that the spirit of disaffection which is too industriously promoted between the only two free nations of the world in political concerns, should have been extended to arts, literature, and philosophy; so that the inhabitants of the United States neither appreciate properly the liberal attainments of the people of this country, nor do the subjects of Great Britain estimate justly the acquirements of men of genius in the Western Republic.

6 We wish to draw them near to each other, because we are confident that they will mutually improve on a close intimacy. There are advantages peculiar to old and to new countries, and the perfection of a state consists in the union and perfect incorpora

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