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sion, and proved itself in possession of is more interested in getting printed the true jurisprudential profundity. By everywhere than the public is to read. an innocent fiction the local agent, who A waggish manifolder once headed one usually sent a dozen despatches a-day, of these documents with the words, was enabled to send one only by re- “Government Advertisement.” Instantgarding the first eleven as merely parts ly a storm of questions came from the of despatches, signing each one “More," newspaper offices, as to who would be

More Coming,” and affixing his responsible for the bill. But the editname in full to the twelfth, at mid- ors, on being informed that the matter night. The practice of signing More was really telegraphic news, for which still adheres, though the reason has they would be expected to pay five long since vanished: and there is no cents a word on the next Saturday, signature more honored in the Associ- printed it with the other telegrams, ated Press office. Always on the look- leaded, and garnished with head-lines. out to guard against puffs and first-of- It would certainly be strange if poApril messages, commonly known as litical bias and prejudice did not occa“ sells,” this office scrutinizes first the sionally crop out in the twenty millions signature, and More, or More Coming, of despatches received at this office is prima facie evidence of genuineness. annually. Once or twice a-year the A newly-appointed agent at Norfolk, Democratic editors formally complain Va., who received a despatch from New of the radical complexion of the EastYork, chronicling the arrival of the ern and Western news, and the Repubship Black Warrior in the following lican editors, in their rejoinder, have a regulation form : “New York, 30th. yalid set-off in the rebel tone of the Black Warrior arrived. More Coming," Southern despatches. Bear and forbear signalized his advent on a new field of is generally the motto, until the inscrulabor by startling the people of his table Pennsylvania election comes, when quiet city with the news that a delega- the Associated Press makes due amends tion of thirty black warriors had ar- by imitating every body else in electing rived in New York, and more were both tickets for a week or so, until the hourly expected.

mail advices come to hand. The regular Associated Press tele- The stranger in this office will note grams are what would be called, in that the despatches from the East come Europe, “semi-official.” The special early, and those from the West late; despatch is colored to suit the particu- but the wonder will cease precisely at lar journal, but the press-despatch is the moment when the reflection forces strictly non-partisan, for it goes to itself upon him that the world is round, papers of all politics and all religions. and revolves castwardly.

The great The local agents, on account of their international boat-race at London, in presumed fairness, and because they August last, was completed at six have it in their power to bring des- o'clock in the evening, but the full depatches before so many readers, have tails were printed here at half-past two. the run of official records everywhere. The closing markets at London and often where the “special” would not Paris, dated at five in the afternoon, be tolerated. The Government appre- are invariably printed here before three; ciates the power of the Associated but the despatches from San Francisco, Press. The Washington agent fre- not half so far away as Paris, are the quently has his news brought to him last received at night, and sometimes do by the heads of the Departments. But not arrive till the next day. the Washington news is not always The notion prevalent in some quarstartling. The decisions of the Inter- ters that the Associated Press is a gigannal Revenue Commissioner, and the pro- tic moneyed corporation, grown rich by posals of the Naval Constructing Bu- the sale of its news, and that its own reau, are matters that the Government bills are met with the profits received

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from others, need scarcely be seriously grasp of the manifolder. Given an dealt with. The regular morning jour- Associated Press in 1570, and the Shakenals forming the Associated Press, pay spearian problem becomes easy. about fourteen thousand dollars each, The devices of the distant agent to per annum, for the news-service of this

convey much in little, and thereby inoffice; those having Sunday editions nocently defraud the telegraph, are fifteen thousand. The evening paper many of them perfect wonders of in(the Express) pays about eight thou- vention, and are only matched by the sand, as do also the Post and the Com- ingenuity of the manifolder in restoring mercial Advertiser. The money paid the words left to his imagination. In gives a fair idea of the proportionate the despatches, sevening and morning amount of news furnished. The eve- mean this evening and this morning, ning papers pay rather more than one fob, free on board, swells, as well as, and third of the total bill, and receive four certain high-sounding capitals are deninths of the total amount of news. graded to York, Rio, Orleans, Bayres,

How many hundreds of thousands of and Frisco. But the manifolder is not miles of land-wire, apd what scores of always absolutely perfect. Sometimes submarine cables, are pressed into the he neglects to expunge the economical service every day to satisfy this awful abbreviations of the local agents, which craving of the American people for the were never designed to get as far as the latest intelligence! It is a novel sight printing-offices. Then conservative old to stand at the dépôts, so to speak, and philologists file protests against the watch those little aerial railroad-trains, creation of such verbs and participles as they sweep in at the windows, as burgled, excurted, injuncted, interfreighted with news, now from Wash- viewed, incendiaried, sleeting, and conflaington, then from Chicago, then from grating, and the Associated Press is held London. Many of these despatches to a rigid accountability for “pouring are in the French and other foreign lan- a stream of cold poison into the Engguages; many are so condensed and lish language every morning.” It is squeezed together that they might as said the Americans have preserved many well be to another than a manifolder; old words which the passion for Johnsome are in “cipher,” a sort of abbre- sonian diction has banished from conviated language, known only to the versation in England, but it is doubtful manifolders, where one word stands ar- whether these are of them, bitrarily for an entire English sentence; In order to save expense, despatches and others, again, though in open Eng- from remote cities, especially those by lish, are so corrupted and blundered by the cables, are cut down to mere hints. frequent re-writings at repeating sta- Notwithstanding the columns of Eurotions on the telegraph lines, as to be pean news printed every day, it realmost unintelligible. But the mani- mained for a member of the Association folder sticks at nothing. Foreign lan- itself to proclaim to the world that the guages, legal and nautical technicali- Associated Press had not received an ties, the mysteries of the arts, sciences, average of a hundred cable words a-day and all known trades and professions, since the cables were laid. Surely, he is expected to prepare for the print- after such iconoclasm, it can be a secret er's hands at a moment's notice, ready no longer that the two words “Vesuto run the gauntlet of universal criti. vius grows,” were once metamorphosed cism. While the individual newspaper into the following must have its musical critic, financial editor, and sporting editor, the details of a great battle, the price of land, "London, March 25.-- Telegraphic Congressional proceedings, an obituary, despatches just at hand from Naples a Democratic triumph, and a conflagra- announce that the eruption of Mount tion, all come within the prehensile Vesuvius is continually increasing in

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power and grandeur. Deep rumbling less telegraph operators, made, perhaps, sounds, like detonating thunder, are a thousand miles away, and perpetuated constantly heard, and the affrighted in- at every repeating station. So long as habitants of the neighborhood are flee- these mistakes are huge blunders, not ing to places of safety. A dense vol- much harm can come from them. But ume of srnoke is rising from the crater, occasionally they are insidious, and no visible a hundred miles away.

The amount of watchfulness can detect them. ashes and dust fall in clouds, and at A recent despatch from Omaha connight the lurid glare of the flames, re- tained the words, “ Company Fifth U. flected in the calm bay, impart to sur- S. Infantry attacked by Indians on rounding objects a ghastly and sombre plains. All scalped.” It was a pretty aspect.”

serious matter, but the despatch was Enthusiasts may praise the musical plain enough. While the manifolder Italian, the facile French, and the majes- was copying it, and reflecting on the tic Spanish, but the Associated Press affliction it must carry to a thousand has demonstrated that the copious Eng- hearthstones (if he ever have time for lish is also the language of brevity. such reflections), another despatch came But it must be confessed this was a to hand, reading : “ Chicago. Correcmere frolic of the manifolder. Though tion. In our Omaha, for scalped read the mail-dates received subsequently escaped," and peace flowed into his sustained the florid description, he was

soul. reprimanded, but escaped much easier The bustling manifolding-room conthan his companion, who headed one tains, also, the bureaus of the provinof the stereotyped despatches from cial papers, which depend upon the General McClellan's army, “All quiet Associated Press for their supply of on the Potomac," with the words Deus news. The country journals are groupnobis hoc otium fecit. He was discharged ed together, according to their geoas incorrigible.

graphical positions, in order that the The strangest freaks of lightning despatches may be distributed more occur in the telegraph offices. The jubi- conveniently and expeditiously. The lant telegraph persists in having doubt- groups are called the Western press, the ed doubled, being bring, mediate medi- Eastern press, the Philadelphia press, tate, corn coin, and nine none, and it is a the State press, the Boston press, the question whether the names Waverley, Southern press, the Far Southern press, Binghamton, Owego, and Ithaca were &c. Each of these organizations has ever carried a hundred miles away from reporters in the manifolding-room, night home in a telegram without violence to and day, who have access to all the their orthography. Such errors Associated Press news, and who send these the experienced manifolder cor- such parts of it as are likely to be inrects at a glance; but there are times teresting to the people of their respectwhen the telegraph surpasses itself and

ive sections. As fast as they compile reduces him to his wit's end. This their reports, they forward them to the was the case when the steamer “Cena” telegraph office by the elevated railwaywas announced at a southern port. The route before mentioned, duly directed manifolder knew there was none such. “State press," or

Southern press," as But what should it be? After ransack- the case may be, when their responsiing shipping-lists, and cudgelling his bility ends, and that of the telegraph brains to no purpose, as a last resort he begins. Let the State press be taken wrote down the telegraphic characters as an illustration of the manner in for “ Cena,” thus,

which the telegraph performs the disand saw they were precisely those that tributing service. At certain specified would be used to write Iona ; and that hours, convenient alike for the telegraph was the answer to the puzzle. In this and the particular editions of the newsway are corrected the mistakes of care- papers to be served, the operator, with



one manipulation of his magic key, tations, and stock-jobbing" despatches," transmits the news simultaneously to to deceive and defraud, were circulated Poughkeepsie, Hudson, Albany, Troy, every day, and the subordinates of the Utica, Syracuse, Auburn, Elmira, Owego, telegraph and press made to run a terriBinghamton, Rome, Oswego, Rochester, ble gauntlet of temptation to prove and Buffalo, New York, to Rutland and false to their trusts. Partly to correct Burlington, Vermont, and to Scranton, this evil, and partly to provide a new Pennsylvania. These stations are not source of revenue, the Associated Press • all on the same wire, nor on the same and the telegraph formed a copartnerroute; but by a certain combination, ship for making all commercial news, through an American invention called the immediately on its receipt and before telegraphic repeater, they are brought so publication, the property of the public in effect, and the news might be sent to everywhere. The Association, on its a thousand offices as easily as to one. part, furnishes its commercial and imThe other groups are served in like portant general news despatches, do

But it must not be supposed mestic as well as foreign, and the telethe Associated Press supplies these or- graph distributes them, at a trifling ganizations only. They are the chief cost, as nearly simultaneously as possiest, certainly; but despatches are sent ble throughout the Union. But this every day to London, and thence all system, while it erects a bulwark against over Europe; to Havana and through- fraud and stratagem for the business out Cuba; and on steamer-days sum- community, is not without one slight maries are forwarded to Aspinwall, disadvantage. Four fifths of all Eurowhich are used wherever there are tele- pean despatches are commercial in their graphs in Central and South America, character. But an Associated Press and are then re-sent from Panama to cable-telegram carries the prices of fifty Australia and New Zealand. The San staple articles, and which, by this disFrancisco agent, in the same way, ex- tributing process, must go far toward changes his hoine and European news meeting the wants of every business with news-gleaners at the Sandwich man in America. The three cables are Islands, in China, Japan, &c. It would not crowded, nor are they likely to be be rather more difficult to tell where for twenty years to come. “Multiplythe Associated Press news does not ing the facilities” may be a trifle overgo.

done, as any company which lays a new Over in the corner of the manifold- cable within that time will probably ing-room still another little railroad- find to its cost. Consequently this train stands ready to trundle messages doubling up, whereby one commercial across the street, diagonally to the Com- despatch serves the turn of the whole mercial News Department. This new American continent, cannot but make feature deserves attention for a moment. great inroads on the private revenue of The American prices of stocks, bonds, the cable companies. and produce have always been regulated By parity of reasoning one would in good part by those of London and think the interests of the Associated Liverpool. The merchant who receives Press antipodal to those of the telethe first advices is enabled to forestall graph-that a system which saves six the home market. Ever since the cele- sevenths of a sum to the one must nebrated financial achievement of the cessarily lose it to the other. But the Rothschilds, which their first knowl- press is the sheet-anchor of the telecdge of the result of Waterloo rendered graphs. In 1866 the telegraphic service easy, this desire to get ahead in matters of combined continental Europe, for of news likely to affect markets has despatches of all sorts, press, social, and gradually grown to be a monstrous evil, commercial, aggregated less than two and opened the door to all manner of hundred and sixty millions of words. corruption. False news, fraudulent quo- In that year the American newspapers

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paid one domestic telegraphic company papers, and thus promote the cause of alone fifteen millions of dollars for three general education. hundred millions of words; and the The most grateful words to the manigreater part of that immense mass was

folder are Good-night.” Good-night sent at night, after business hours, when is the signal for closing the reports unthe telegraph lines would not have been til the next day, and is understood

otherwise occupied at all. If there were wberever there are telegraphs or news• no such organization as the Associated papers. The western news is all sisted

Press, the individual papers could not through the hands of the agent at Clevebear the enormous expense of the news land, which is one of the great news rethat is now published every day; and peating stations. No southern news if they could, the telegraphic systems can reach the agency without first comof the world would not be sufficient to ing to the Washington agent. When carry it. Consequently the mails would these agents, therefore, telegraph their supersede the telegraph as a transmit- "good-nights” to this office, which they ting medium, except in great emergen- usually do from one to four o'clock in cies; journalistic enterprise would be the morning, the day's work is considno more marked in America than it is ered done, and the welcome words are in Germany, and we should soon cease quickly caught up and sent along the to have six newspapers to any other gleaming wires from the Atlantic to the country's one, as now. This associated Pacific. The manifolders, in the fulsystem, then, is in strict keeping with ness of their hearts, write them at the our national institutions; for, while it foot of their last item to the newsmay operate harshly in isolated cases, papers, and editors, reporters, composiits tendency is to bring the news within tors, pressmen, swell the long chorus of the reach of all, to foster cheap news- praise to Good-night.



[A singular chance has thrown into the hands of the present editor the manuscript of the narrative which is now submitted to the public. It describes, perhaps too graphically for the most artistic effect, some of the atrocities which the writer saw among the savages who were the companions of his youth. Yet it seems undesirable to detract from its value as a record of an extraordinary experience; and the story is therefore published without excisions. Its editor especially desires to vouch for the accuracy of the pictures drawn in the following account, and would refer the reader, if any additional confirmation be needed, to the pages of Williams' “ History of the Fiji Islands," where customs not less atrocious than those described in the following pages are set forth.–T. M. C.]

I. The circumstances which I am about lish parents, who were then residing in to relate are not the offspring of an idle

the Tonga group.

During my childfancy. They are the record of an ex- hood and youth my life was indeed a perience as rare, perhaps, as any that has strange one; for it partook in almost fallen to the lot of a Christian Anglo- equal proportions of the savage and of Saxon during the present century; and the civilized element. I was borne along I address myself to the task of relating like a skiff at the meeting of contendthem in the consciousness that I am ing waters, and floated now in the pure about to record what has never yet been and now in the turbid stream. As I fully described.

look back upon the life so strangely I was born in the South Seas, of Eng- divided between conflicting conditions,


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