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ruins, and looked more like heaps of tion. It was possible to make the peasrubbish and straw than houses. They ant a free man, simply by transferring were so low that the inmates, if they the power of enlistment from the hands wished to look out, ran their heads of the lord to the hands of the king; through the chimney instead of through and it was possible to make him indethe door; and around them no gardens pendent of the lord so far as to secure or fruit-trees could be seen, no joy or to him the right of having property, by bustle of industry be heard. The chil changing the tax-system, and establishdren sat silent, leaning their headsing the relations between the lord and against the wall, and dreaming of food; his tenants in the form of a contract. and close by stood the old work-horse, This was done. When the crowndumb and sleepy, and eating the straw prince Frederick, though but fourteen from the roof. Only the ravens croaked years old, took the reins of Governloudly in the air with eager desire. ment, in 1784, his father, the king, beThe fields were in a like deplorable con- ing imbecile, he appointed a committee dition. The meadows and low groundsof intelligent and magnanimous statesundrained of the water rained upon men to regulate all matters concerning them, grew into swamps; and the stag- the peasantry. Edicts upon edicts were nant pools and mud infected the air issued, and, as they had all been well with malaria. Forests, groves, and considered, they were cautiously but thickets grew up unrestrained, a shel- firmly enforced ; and the whole innovater to beasts of prey and a harbor for tion was consummated without any tularge herds of deer, which destroyed mult or disorder before the expiration the standing corn, a whole county often of twenty years.
Soon the fruits aplying uncultivated, while the inhabit- peared. Houses arose, and the condiants roved about in bands as beggars. tion of the people arose with them. Thus it was evident to every one that The exportation of corn doubled within the actual state of affairs, if not im- ten years, and the taxes could be douproved, would soon ruin the whole na- bled also, for the country was bloomtion. At the same time, certain new ing. Where, twenty years ago, a crowd ideas as to the way to make society of dirty little ones crawled about a happier, emanating from Rousseau's and drunken father and a scolding mother, Montesquieu's writings, and from the happy-faced children played around American war of independence, were their respectable parents, or listened to spreading over all Europe, and taking the mother reading the Bible, or the root everywhere. The ancient idea father telling the history of Christian that the State was analogous to a IV. Where, twenty years ago, the household, had become a sentimental bondman strolled in rags, to beg and and ridiculous fogyism. Men began to to borrow, the tenant rode in a carriage understand that, in society, there can with his family, to feast in the grove. be no right without a corresponding And he who, in 1784, had sat a coward duty, and no duty without a correspond- in the swamp, in 1801, when the Enging right. It seemed not impossible to lish had fallen upon Copenhagen, flew realize this scheme in Denmark, at least voluntarily into the town to fight for to a certain degree, without a revolu- his native land.
Young Tom Collins, law-student, had minute, mixin' milk. Have you found a just come into a strange inheritance. nurse, sir? And baby wants clothes." He sat solitary in his little boarding- “It's got on too many clothes now,' house room, trying to realize it.
said Tom. “I think that's what it's cry“ If the poor child hadn't me," he said ing about; see how red and hot it is!” to himself, “it could go and apply for Poor inexperienced Tom! be had ofadmission to some institution. If I hadn't fended the woman-cast recklessly overit, I could; but Lordthat is not the board his only anchor! idea. I must decide what I am to do." She dropped her shrieking charge
Tom had solemnly promised to care upon Tom's bed, and started towards for the new-born baby of his only sister, the door. who had just died.
“Very well, sir!” she said solemnly, He tried to meditate. He had often “I see you know all about babies- I may before, during his life, made the same attempt, but had never to any extent “Oh! oh!” gasped Tom, “do not ! succeeded. He did not seem like one In the name of mercy do not! It shall born to take things into very serious have clothes! Why do you say I want consideration. But this case seemed to a nurse? Are not you one? I assure require it. No good joke came to the you I know nothing, absolutely nothing rescue. Tom really bad never in his of babies !—I never to my knowledge twenty-two years felt such an awful touched one! " sense of gloom. His natural lilarity Real despair is impressive. The wocould only suggest to his mind the man was mollified. rather poor consolation that he "had at “I am, sir,” she said, turning confi. least over night to consider on the busi- dentially to Tom, “a 'monthly.' ness."
willing to stay with you while I can. Here Tom was interrupted by a knock But, sir, a person in my position is no on the door-an occurrence unusual dependence. My summons may come enough in the little upper room where any day or hour.
It's impossible to he had long since ceased regarding even calculate. Day and night is all the the bell-pull as a resort in any extremity, same to me. There ain't on earth to so completely was he accustomed to be me a thing so inscrutable as this imposlet alone.
sibility of calculating when we shall be Before Tom could respond to the sent for. I'll work for you while I can, knock it was followed by a cry of sir, but when my call comes, no earthly mingled entreaty and command, such as thing can keep me.” only hungry babies know how to emit. Tom took all these remarks in a reli
“I've fetched the poor little dear gious point of view. From a person of around, sir!” remarked a woman whose Mrs. Primmins' robustness, they amazed marvellous rotundity of person showed bim. He felt a vague fear lest, as he to fine advantage as she waved her mentally expressed it, there might be screaming parcel as though it were in- “abce in the old lady's bonnet." cense wherewith to purify Tom's bache- “Oh! cheer up! cheer up, Auntie,” lor-room.
he said, “you look hale and hearty. “Good Lord!” he ejaculated.
You've overtired yourself with my poor “ You'd ought to git a cow," said sister. If you'll stay and take charge of nurse, still brandishing her charge. that little thing for me, I'll risk your “There! there! there! It's got wind this getting a 'summons.””
“Your poor sister found great consola- “To think of living always with death tion in your promise for her child," grinning one in the face like that,” he remarked Mrs. Primmins pathetically. muttered. “It's a desperate resort leaving a baby In the night Tom's dream of peace to a young man, but in her strait she was was again dispelled. fain to catch at any straw."
Another knock on his door. “Can you," said Tom, looking gloom- “ Am I under a ban?" growled Tom; ily at his now silent prize on the bed, “what's the matter now?” “can you give me any advice? You “I'm oalled," said the voice of Mrs. couldn't have waited till to-morrow Primmins, “ my summons has come!” before bringing it, could you?” he added “Oh, the devil!” cried Tom, lost to half reproachfully.
all sense of the importance of conciliat“Of course not," said Mrs. Primmins. ing the nurse. “Go to bed! Hold on “Well! you're no account! Now let me till morning!” think."
In the morning Tom, who, happy fel“Do, in Heaven's name," ejaculated low! always slept soundest under a Tom.
sense of depression, did not make bis Mrs.Primuins placed herarms akimbo. appearance until nine o'clock. He found
Tom fervently prayed for light on the that Mrs. Primmins had actually disapmeditations.
peared for parts unknown. In the arms “I have it," cried Mrs. Primmins; of his hitherto stern landlady he found “Malviny's got to take it !"
his charge nestling. A new light-that “Bless your dear soul,” responded of love-was beaming in the solemn woTom. “Malviny's the very one! What man's eye,—that woman, thought Tom, a talent you have for managing, auntie who would any one of her boarders dear!"
starve and rot for ten cents a-day saved ! There was Tom, bis very self! He He looked at his little responsibility had hit on exactly the right compliment with a feeling of awe, almost a suspicion to pay the old nurse. He was actually of witchcraft. It is customary to shake floating through life on this instinct lie the head, and wonder at the amazing had for saying the most pleasant thing to Providence that sometimes removes a every body. Mrs. Primmins of all things mother and throws a young infant upon desired the reputation of a mancuvrer, the charity of others! Why not also as it was, of course, the one of all others consider reverently the innate instinct of that she did not deserve.
motherhood that rises in every female “Yes," she cried, chuckling, “I can heart at sight of a baby so bereaved ! manage. Let me alone! And first I have undertaken," said the landthing in the morning, I'll go there with lady, giving Tom a smile such as he had you. Now,” said she, seizing her never dreamed could rest on her features, charge, who was beginning to squirm, “I have undertaken to go with you in “now I'll see what's to be got out of search of Mrs. Primmins' piece, Malviyour landlady.".
Winking violently with first one eye Several hours later, Tom Collins and then the other, she started to go; sprang from a light wagon in which he then, with a sudden solemnity, she rein- had driven to the door of a pretty cotserted her head in the doorway.
tage. "If I'm summoned," she said, “it's “We will make one last effort by inabove all else. If I'm called, I must quiring here,” he said to his landlady, go, day or night!”
who held the baby. Certainly,” said Tom, much puzzled, With his usual impetuosity he pushed " but you won't be, Auntie ! As the directly through into the little rear young man walked abroad to get his kitchen. There, be forgot his errand, dinner, he felt impressed with an almost forgot every thing except what he saw. mysterious awe of the old nurse. A young girl, plump, neat, and rosy,
stood, with round arms bared, before a Tom stayed, and after tea the moon table. She was assiduously occupied in came out. Oh! that wicked, shameless caressing, with her white hands, little moon! Tom, by its light, told Malvina lumps of dough into shape. Then she right out that her eyes were bluer than placed them in rows in a big black pan. Heuven-her lips sweeter than rosesFor a moment she did not see Tom. He, and all that. unreasoning, impulsive fellow, forgot his When they parted, Malvina went to errand-forgot every thing, in short, and her room and cried. began envying those lumps of dough. What could such a perfect king of a He felt instinctively that he, too, pos- man mean by talking like that to her? sessed a great capacity for being moulded Of course, he could not mean to marry a by some such hands as those.
little school-mistress only home on a Suddenly she turned. Such a dim- vacation! pling smile! such rosy embarrassment ! Tom acted queerly, too, when alone Tom, great black-haired, jetty-eyed giant in his room. He took a pencil and pathat he was, thought this little plump per, and figured and calculated. He blonde an angel. Thought! why, he made a list of all the little properties he was sure of it!
possessed. He added them np and be After a while he came partially to his added them down. Then he set down a senses, and said, “I'm looking for ono list of all the things he was accustomed Malvina Barker."
to spend money upon that could be dis“And that is me,” said the rosy lips. pensed with. Then he brought out a book
“ Then I've brought you a baby,” he on economy, where it tells how a man said abruptly.
can live cheaper with a frugal wife than A good deal of astonishment can be he can alone. He was astonished to find put into a pair of bright blue eyes with that book so intensely interesting ! out spoiling them and so there was. The next day Tom went again to see Fortunately, at this point the landlady the baby. In fact, it had seemed to him appeared, and so, a moment later, did as though the afternoon never would Malvina's mother, called up from the
He had more waiting to do at cellar by the voices.
the cottage,for Malvina's mother received Negotiations were soon completed. him, and she did not appear. At last his
Tom again in his little room, found it impatience spurred him to ask. the loneliest, dreariest place he had ever “I don't want you to see her again, in his life looked upon.
young man. I will be frank with you and A couple of days later he concluded tell the truth!” that it would be inhuman not to go and “Oh! Mrs. Barker,” cried Tom. inquire after his little charge.
"She's a simple child, sir, and is in incredibly short space of time he was danger not to understand that attentions seized with the same impression again. from one like you can mean nothing." Then he went to take to baby, who had “Dear Mrs. Barker, you mistake me not yet learned that the moon is more entirely. I must see her this once. I distant than the door-knob, a box of must indeed! If she sends me away, I geographical blocks. Then he went to will never come again.” inquire if it needed pocket-money; and Tom conquered. When he explained to he told Malvina that he knew she was Malvina about his small income and connot kept awake nights with it, because sulted with her about its sufficiency, she her eyes were so bright.
told him that he ought to be ashamed This time Malvina's mother told Tom indeed to waste such heaps of money on that of course they were very plain peo- one. He should have sent half to the ple, and no fit associates for a young heathen.
gent” like him, but that if he wished to Tom's income has thus far held out stay, there was plenty of strawberries better than when he was single. Young and cream for tea.
men, try it!
SOCIETY versus INSANITY.
On the 10th of November, 1854—as sary of police, to whom he related all the related by M. Devergie in a memoir read circumstances of the crime. before the Imperial Academy of Medi- Before and until the murder, the life cine at Paris—a young man aged nine of this young man had been exemplary. teen, the son of a prominent merchant He had performed his duties in the countof Bordeaux, dined with his father, to ing house of his father with assiduity, whom he was much attached, and his and was an excellent son and brother. stepmother, whom he bad regarded with Though rich, he had studiously avoided gradually increasing aversion for several dissipation of every kind. years.
Such were the obvious features of the The dinner passed without any upu- homicidal act. Julius was tried before sual incidents till dessert, when young the Imperial Court at Pau. Calmeil, Julius left the table and repaired to the Tardien, and Devergie, the most eminent drawing-room to warm himself. Not alienists in France, testified in favor of finding a fire kindled, he went to his the insanity of the prisoner, and he was own chamber, took his fowling-piece and acquitted on that ground. started out for a stroll through the coun- But it was mainly through the evitry, as was his custom. He had not left dence of the last of the physicians named the house, however, before the idea of that this result was brought about. Insuicide, which had haunted his mind for stead of confining his testimony to abseveral weeks, suddenly recurred to him, stract theories, Devergie dwelt at length and was as suddenly changed into the upon the concomitant circumstances of thought of killing his stepmother. the homicide, the antecedents of the ac
Without stopping one instant he threw cused, his several characteristics, and his aside his fowling. piece, and going to his conduct subsequent to the deed. From brother's room took two pistols which the inquiries which he made he ascerhad been loaded three weeks. He had tained that the young man had among pistols of his own which he might have his ancestors a maternal uncle who had taken, and which had been charged only a propensity to suicide, and who died inthe day before.
sane ; another maternal relative wbo had He descended into the dining-room, all his life been eccentric, and a paternal approached his stepmother, who was still aunt who had actually killed herself. at the table with his father, and pointing It was also developed that the accused & pistol at her head, discharged it with had always been subject to motiveless instantly fatal effect.
outbursts of passion. One day he struck Madame X. fell to the floor, and the a servant with his whip for not being young man recoiling, rested motionless sufficiently active in obeying an order, against the wall. His father rose to and another day he became furiously seize him, but a temporary feeling of angry because he could not at once enter self-preservation being aroused in Julius, a room where his stepmother was taking he fled across the kitchen, through the a bath. “When he became very angry," midst of the terrified domestics, and es- said one of the witnesses," he always caped from the house, crying, “I am a seized upon something or some one." madman, an idiot; I have killed my step- He had also been contemplating suimother!"
cide, and a month before the offence, had He soon, however, changed his mind, given his views at length upon the suband surrendered himself to the commis- ject to Dr. Brunet. He was taciturn