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twenty who will do their worst if they so, we think, if Mr. Baker had written can make any thing at all by it. We for the special instead of the general fancy in most cases that we can detect reader-for those who are interested in in the work the spirit which actuated knowing something about the trials of the workman, but occasionally we con- a young minister, rather than for those fess to being puzzled. We are puzzled, who are interested in the fortunes of for instance, by The Nero Timothy, a the laity. It is possible to interest novel, for such, we suppose, we must novel-readers with a political or religcall it, written by Mr. William M. ious novel (“Lotbair ” is an example to Baker, and published by the Harpers. the point), but to do this demands geWhat impelled Mr. Baker to write nius. This Mr. Baker does not possess. “The New Timothy ?” If it was to Nor does he possess the talent which make reputation, we do not think he enables such writers as Miss Sewell and will succeed; nor do we think he will Miss Yonge to attract readers of an succeed, if it was to make money. For evangelical turn of mind. Mr. Baker while it is possible that he may do both misses these, as he misses the frivolous (as what is not possible among a people and worldly-minded. The best portions who bave run “St. Elmo" and " Vash- of his book are those in which General ti” into, say, fifty or sixty editions Likens and Mrs. General Likens figure. cach ?), it is not probable that he will The character of the latter is well condo either. Not that “ The New Timo- ceived, and Mr. Merkes is not bad, as a thy” does not possess merit, for it does, sketch of a peevish, discontented minbut that its merit is not of a kind that ister. What little there is of the Pecudraws attention, or satisfies attention liar Institution makes us think well of when drawn. Its fault is that it is not both races in their old relation of masinteresting. It might have been made ter and slave.
LITERATURE, SCIENCE, AND ART ABROAD. The march of civilization is stopped, with all the readings added, in the edito determine who shall lead it hereafter. tion of Messrs. d'Heylli and de MarksThe two foremost nations of Europe, in cott, of which the third volume appeared science, literature and art, lay aside these, just before war was declared. their true glories, and join in a death- The enthusiasm for architecture grapple, to decide which of them pos- in England does not abate; but it is still sesses the greatest power for destruction. scholarly rather than productive, and To look for marks of progress and the spends its strength in restorations. Fifty works that honor peace at such a time, is thousand pounds sterling have lately to sweep the sky for new planets while been spent upon Worcester Cathedral, it is thick with clouds, or to watch for and the sixteen thousand now needed to faint stars amid dazzling lightnings. It complete it have just been collected, alis not strange if we find but few. most without an effort. A subscription
-The assertion that Mr. Tennyson is now circulating for the completion is preparing a new poem for the press is of St. Paul's, in London, after the origidenied on authority. He has many short nal plans of Sir Christopher Wren, and poems which have never been published, it is estimated that one hundred thoubut perhaps they never will be; for the sand pounds will be enough, or nearly present, at least, be enjoys his laurels at so, for the work. More than one fourth rest.
of the sum is already obtained. Many -The plays of Beaumarchais have other cathedrals are now undergoing been carefully revised and corrected ac- restoration, among which those of Chescording to the author's editions, but ter, Canterbury, Salisbury, and Exeter are the best known to American travel- archbishop, in order to replenish the lers.
treasury of the diocese, exhausted by - M. Guizot has begun to publish completing the ugliest cathedral in exin weekly numbers his “History of istence, offered for sale the whole of the France” for the rising generation; and offerings of the pious accumulated at the although the work will doubtless be in- rich shrine of the Virgin; whose statue, terrupted for a time by the war, it is it will be remembered, was brought by earnestly to be hoped that it may be angels from Jerusalem to the site of the carried on to completion before long. building, and set up by them under her A translation of it by Robert Black is own protection and guidance. There announced by Sampson Low & Co, Lon- was every variety of offering, from a don, in monthly numbers, beginning in cross containing fifteen thousand dolOctober,
lars' worth of diamonds, and the crowns -The liberal Catholics of Europe
of queens, to the commonest rings and are disposed to meet the proclamation
wreaths, the gifts of the poorest peasof papal infallibility, by a rigorous
ants. Most of the objects sold for ludicampaign against ultramontane ideas in crously low prices, although a fine enevery form. In Munich, a series of essays
amelled watch of Henry IV brought have been prepared, in which the whole nearly seven hundred dollars, and jewpolicy of the Pope is attacked, and
els of Marie de Bourbon and of court an ecclesiastical system outlined which ladies of Charles IV's time were in de
mand. may be “ Catholic,” but is as far from being that of Pius IX as Luther's own.
-The veteran historian, Wolfgang (“Stimmen aus der Katholischen Kirche Menzel, was just publishing his work on über die Kirchen Fragen der Gegen
“Prussia's Services to Germany" ("Was wart," vol. i. Oldenberg, München.") hat Preussen für Deutschland Geleistet," Only the first volume has been publish- Stuttgart, Kröner) when the war broke ed, and although the editors are tho- out. Herr Menzel earnestly advocates roughly in earnest, they can scarcely
the union of all Germany under the prihope to retain public attention while macy of the House of Hohenzollern, as war and revolution rage around them. her only safety against aggression from -The largest Bible in the world, the other. But what seemed to him a
France on one side, and from Russia on that of Mr. J. G. Bell, a Manchester collector, has been sold in a London auc
month ago an immense work for the tion for £165. It was a fine copy of
statesmen of years to come, has been Macklin's beautiful folio, with eleven practically accomplished, almost in a thousand engravings and cuts, illustra
day, by the attempt of a meddler to tive of the text, and gathered from every
prevent it. possible source, the whole handsomely -The famous painting of Bathsheba bound in sixty-three thick volumes. in the Bath, by Paris Bordone, formerly -In his “History and System of
a chief ornament of the Fesch gallery in the Jesuits (Geschichte und System des Rome, has been bought for the museum Jesuitenordens. Mannheim, Schneider")
in Cologne. Herr Hoffman has drawn a just distinc- -Trossin's copperplate of Guido tion between that ambitious and trou. Reni's “ Mater Dolorosa " is praised as blesome order and the Church they pro- one of the greatest achievements the art fess to serve, pointing out how their of engraving has produced, and the plots and principles have always been, King of Italy has presented to the enand more than ever in this age are, a graver the cross of the Order of the kind of war against honest Protestants Golden Crown in recognition of his and Catholics alike.
merits. A strange auction sale was recent- The proposed international conly made at Saragossa, in Spain. The ference, to settle forever the precise
length of the meter, as the basis of the nine per cent. New York grows at the metrical system, has been postponed on rate of pearly sixty per cent. in the same account of the war. For the same rea- time, and is now larger than Vienna, alson the publication of some of the lead- though in 1820 it was less than half as ing scientific periodicals of Europe has large. been suspended, and science, as well as -For some weeks past Mount Vuliterature and the arts, may be said to ache in Savoy has appeared to be on be at a stand-still in the warring na- fire, and has poured out such volumes tions.
of smoke as to terrify the people of - Vienna has just had a census, Savigny and the neighboring valleys. showing the population within the city It is believed that there are volcanic limits to be 632,038, and, including the fires in the mountain, but the matter suburbs, 456,204. In 1864, the city itself has not yet been scientifically explored. had 578,525, so that the increase in six There is no volcano near in any direcyears has been 53,513, or little more than tion,
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LITERATURE, SCIENCE, ART,
VOL. VI.-NOVEMBER-1870.-No. XXXV.
THE MAN IN THE MOON.
“ He made an instrument, to know
If the moon shine at full or no,
What were “the precious things put shed upon the subject. The mystery is forth by the moon ” ? Surely not the much aided by the remarkable fact that thousand-and-one absurd theories about we only know one half of the moon, its inhabitants which we find are enter- which is constantly seen by us, while tained in some shape or other by nearly the other half has never yet been beevery nation on earth. The oldest and held by human eye. The face of the at the same time the most familiar to moon, which our first father Adam our race is the story of the two children watched, no doubt, with fear and adwho were robbed just as they were miration strangely mixed, as it rose on bringing water home from a spring ; the horizon, is the same which the last hence they may still be seen as dark man will take leave of when the earth spots on the face of the full moon on shall perish in fire. But this very fact bright winter nights, carrying a bucket of a whole world, so near to us and yet between them on a long pole. When lying so utterly beyond our reach, has this pagan view was duly exorcised by from of old existed and stimulated the the zealous missionaries who converted imagination of wen to its utmost; and the old Saxons, our ancestors, it gave the question or who is the Man in the way to a more refined but hardly more Moon has occupied the ablest minds of credible account. Now it is a man wlio antiquity as well as the most gifted had stolen a bundle of fagots on a writers of our own day. The result has Sunday, and was transferred, as a pun- been necessarily very unsatisfactory
, ishment, to the moon, where he has to first, for thousands of years, because carry his burden for evermore, and suf- the moon was inaccessible to the eye fer at the same time of unceasing cold. in the absence of proper instruments, This is the original Man in the Moon. and in recent times, because, even with
It is curious to see how popular su- the aid of such magnificent glasses as perstition has clung to this theory in those of the Earl of Rosse, which shows spite of all the light that science has objects of the size of a moderate mounendeavored from time immemorial to
tain on our satellite, no sign of life has
Entered, in the year 1870. by G. P. TUTXAM & SON, in the Clerk's Ofice of the District Court of the U. $. for the Southern District of N. Y.
yet been discovered. But failure seems of a hundred miles; there, in vague, only to have increased the desire to en- vacant space, they wandered about, they ter into communication with the lunar knew not how, for seven days and seven world, and efforts have been made in nights, landing at last on a large island, every age, from the proposed Tower of which hung suspended in the ether, Babel, the summit of which was to round, and brilliantly illuminated. reach unto heaven, to the colossal mir- They had no sooner left their ship, castrors which, a few months ago, a clever ing a longing look at the earth far beFrenchman suggested might reflect such low them, with its mountains and vala dazzling mass of light as would at leys and its forests and populous cities, tract the attention of the Man in the than hippogriffs came and summoned Moon, and induce him to reply by simi- them to appear before the monarch. lar signals. Quite recently the ques- The king of the Moon at once recogtion, whether life-the highest manifes nized them by their costume as Greeks, tation of Nature's forces-exists in oth. for he was a countryman of theirs, er planets also, has apparently acquired Endymion. It so happened that he was new interest in the eyes of our savaus, at that moment engaged in fierce warand the great controversy between men fare with His Majesty Phæton, king like Whewell and Brewster has called of the Sun, and on the very next day a public attention to this interesting sub- great battle was to be fought. Lucian ject. Nor have the authors of the Con- was, of course, delighted with the optinent remained inactive; and from sev- portunity to become thus fully acquainteral recent authors in France and Ger- ed with the Man in the Moon, and apmany we cull a brief account of the peared, early on the next morning, on Man in the Moon as he has appeared at the battle-field. The lunar army, drawn different times to the most learned of up in battle array, consisted of nothour race.
ing less than sixty millions of men, How fully the ancients were imbued with eighty thousand hippogriffs-men with the idea that, wbile the earth was, mounted on winged asses with three as they supposed, the centre of the uni- heads—and an equal number of other verse, still other worlds also existed, indescribable creatures, among whom and might be peopled with beings cre- he was especially pleased with thirty ated like ourselves, appears most strik- thousand men riding fleas of the size ingly in Lucian's famous Voyage to the of twelve elephants. The list is as Moon. Starting from the smiling coasts long as that of Homer's heroes before of Italy, his gay bark was driven be- Troy, and has furnished many a name, yond the happy seas on which it was if not more, to later authors, from Rabeaccustomed to sail, and, having passed lais to Swift. The battle took place on the Pillars of Hercules, became the an enormous cobweb stretched out besport of fierce winds, which forced it tween the sun and the moon, and endto wander helplessly for seventy days cd, after true Greek fashion, to the on a dark and stormy ocean. Then the honor of both the contending parties; exhausted travellers landed on a bliss- they made peace, formed an alliance, ful island, with rivers flowing with and engaged not to trouble their neighwine, and vineyards in which each vine bors ! was an affectionate maiden. But Lu- The Man in the Moon, Lucian tells cian could not be tempted ; and, leav- us, is not born, but buds forth like the ing a few of his bewitched companions plants of the fields; nor does he die, behind, he sailed on with those that but slowly and pleasantly passes off in remained faithful. One fine day, how- a puff of smoke. His wants are supever, when the sun shone brightly and plied without labor by an over-abunthe waters were blue and calm, a sudden dant Nature, which teems on all sides whirlwind arose and bodily lifted up with food and drink; and he never their little vessel, till it reached a height suffers of indigestion, for his stomach