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years ago; and, after long labor on it, edited manuscripts of Livy are shown
us so recently, was one of the few vor high among the most esteemed lux- literary men of his nation who could uries; so that, for single stalks, of the challenge criticism as an author in the earliest-grown and the finest variety, English language. His lectures on French gourmands compete at sixty “France," delivered before the Univerfrancs a-piece. We have come far since sity of Edinburgh, and lately published the time-only a generation ago-when in a volume, will be eagerly read for their it was thought both smart and perti- substance, if not for their style, which is nent for the epicure who was asked if correct and fluent enough. He traces he liked vegetables, to answer, “I don't most of the political evils of France to know; I never ate one." It is now to the centralization of her Government, the vegetable kingdom that gastronomic and explains the strength of the Empire inventors must look for sublime novel- on grounds somewhat different from ties; since the reward offered—was it those set forth by other liberal statesmen. by David Hume, historian and dinner. According to him, the present Governphilosopher ?-to the man who would
ment is more elastic in its adaptation to invent a new animal remains unclaimed. the popular demands and wants than
The earliest editions of the his- any of its predecessors; especially in torian Livy were very imperfect, even founding itself more and more upon the in some books now well known; but nation's will, as expressed by universal successive discoveries in old conyents suffrage, with its growing intelligence; filled out the most important book in and it has a peculiar guaranty of supRoman literature to its present still in- port in the general dread, among the complete form. It has long been sup- religious, the rich, and the thoughtful, posed, by scholars, that the hope of ever of those socialistic principles with which seeing the whole history must be aban- the republican or democratic element doned. But a few weeks since, Herr in French politics seems to ally itself Penzig, the librarian of the Petrc-Pau- more closely every year. line Library at Liegnitz, was delving
The Astronomische Nachrichten among its treasures with Dr. Kraffert, report a curious series of observations when they found a nearly entire manu- on the planet Saturn, recently completed script of the fourth decade, books 31 to by Professor Struve, of Pultowa, already 40. These books are all familiar to so famous for his discoveries in stellar scholars, but have been made up out of astronomy made at Dorpat. Struve has various manuscripts, the last of which been for some years watching with care was only discovered at Bamberg in the rings of Saturn; and the inner one 1615. But the thought is at once sug
of the three rings, an obscure, partly gested, What if these gentlemen had transparent mass of what appeared to found the second decade, and raised out be vapor, has been seen to approach the of oblivion the whole history of the body of the planet, and to widen its conquest of southern Italy, and the first distance from the other rings, which Punic war? or if they had recovered seem to be fluid in character, or perhaps even some of the later books, now lost, made up of myriads of small bodies, containing the wars of the Gracchi, or moying together like the streams of the fortunes of the great Julius ? Ne- meteors which supply the periodic vada has no mine which the scholar showers. But during several months would prefer to such a treasure; and past this inner ring has fallen more sanguine men will hope, and even seek rapidly, and finally the attraction of for it, in all odd corners, now that un Saturn entirely overcame its centrifugal
force, and it closed upon the body of the ring left. Is this to be the fate also of planet, forming a belt, which was grad- the other rings ? or will they ultimateually diffused over its surface; so that ly gather into satellites, as has more there is now no trace whatever of the commonly been supposed ?
A CHANGE OF BASE.
AFTER the present number of this Magazine, the new arrangement made by our Publishers, and announced elsewhere, will go into effect. The change is not so much a suspension, as a transformation, of the periodical, in order to acquire for it a larger audience, a broader field of exertion, and more varied talent. We feel assured that the public, which has heretofore so generously supported PUTNAM, both by its subscriptions and its kind opinions, will be a great gainer by the result. In addition to the Illustrations offered by the new enterprise, and which would seem to be necessary, now, to a successful popular magazine, there will be an infusion of fresh energy into the editorial management, and a large accession of well-known and capable contributors. Every pains will be taken by the new control, not only to maintain the high standard which PUTNAM always set to itself, but to go beyond it, and to add to the Magazine features which will give it a stronger hold upon popular sympathy.
The present editor, having been in his seat but for a few months only, during which the state of his health has not enabled him to give to the discharge of its duties all the attention he would have liked to give, has yet been in his place sufficiently long to have contracted a friendship for both his readers and writers, and from whom he would part with reluctance did he not know that he is likely to meet with most of them again, in similar relations, in other fields.