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happened when Anaxicrates was Archon at Athens, in the second year of the 125th Olympiad, when Ladas of Æga was victor in the course. And the following year, when Democles was Archon at Athens, all the Celts crossed back again to Asia Minor. I have delivered a true account.
GREECE AND ROME.
BY PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY.
The nodding promontories, and blue isles,
And cloudlike mountains, and dividuous waves
Of favoring heaven: from their enchanted caves
On the unapprehensive wild
The vine, the corn, the olive mild,
Like the man's thought dark in the infant's brain,
Art's deathless dreams lay veiled by many a vein
Verse murmured, and Philosophy did strain
Her lidless eyes for thee; when o'er the Ægean main
Builds from the purple crags and silver towers
Of kingliest masonry: the ocean floors
Its portals are inhabited
By thunder-zoned winds, each head
Gleamed with its crest of columns, on the will
For thou wert, and thine all-creative skill
In marble immortality, that hill
Within the surface of Time's fleeting river
Its wrinkled image lies, as then it lay
Immovably unquiet, and forever
It trembles, but it cannot pass away!
With an earth-awakening blast
Thro' the caverns of the past;
Which soars where Expectation never flew,
One ocean feeds the clouds, and streams, and dew;
With life and love makes chaos ever new,
Then Rome was, and from thy deep bosom fairest,
Like a wolf cub from a Cadmæan Mænad,
From that Elysian food was yet unweaned;
By thy sweet love was sanctified ;
And in thy smile, and by thy side,
And gold profaned thy Capitolian throne,
The senate of the tyrants: they sunk prone
Faint echoes of Ionian song; that tone
HANNIBAL AS STRATEGIST AND SOLDIER.
(Titus Livius, Roman historian, was born near what is now Padua, B.c. 59. He lived at Rome under Augustus, making so splendid a literary reputation that one man went from Spain to Rome and back merely to look at him; but he retired to his native town, and died there b.c. 17. His enduring repute rests on his History of Rome from its foundation to the death of Drusus, in one hundred and forty-two books, of which only thirty-five are extant. ]
THE CROSSING OF THE ALPS.
From the Druentia, by a road that lay principally through plains, Hannibal arrived at the Alps without molestation from the Gauls that inhabit those regions. Then, though the scene had been previously anticipated from report (by which uncertainties are wont to be exaggerated), yet the height of the mountains when viewed so near, and the snows almost mingling with the sky, the shapeless huts situated on the cliffs, the cattle and beasts of burden withered by the cold, the men unshorn and wildly dressed, all things, animate and inanimate, stiffened with frost, and other objects more terrible to be seen than described, renewed their alarm. To them, marching up the first acclivities, the mountaineers appeared occupying the heights overhead ; who, if they had occupied the more concealed valleys, might, by rushing out suddenly to the attack, have occasioned great flight and havoc. Hannibal orders them to halt, and having sent forward Gauls to view the ground, when he found there was no passage that way, he pitches his camp in the widest valley he could find, among places all rugged and precipitous. Then, having learned from the same Gauls, when they had mixed in conversation with the mountaineers, from whom they differed little in language and manners, that the pass was only beset during the day, and that at night each withdrew to his own dwelling, he advanced at the dawn to the heights, as if designing openly and by day to force his way through the defile. The day then being passed in feigning a different attempt from that which was in preparation, when they had fortified the camp in the same place where they had halted, as soon as he perceived that the mountaineers had descended from the heights, and that the guards were withdrawn, having lighted for show a greater number of fires than was proportioned to the number that remained, and having left the baggage in the camp, with the cavalry and the principal part of the infantry, he himself with a party of light-armed, consisting of all the most courageous of his troops, rapidly cleared the defile, and took post on those very heights which the enemy had occupied.
At dawn of light the next day the camp broke up, and the rest of the army began to move forward. The mountaineers, on a signal being given, were now assembling from their forts to their usual station, when they suddenly behold part of th enemy overhanging them from above, in possession of their former position, and the others passing along the road. Both these objects, presented at the same time to the eye and the mind, made them stand motionless for a little while; but when they afterwards saw the confusion in the pass, and that the