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Convention Thoughts Worth While

"The schoolmaster's influence depends for the separation of boys and girls.”— more upon what he is than upon what he Katharine E. Dopp of the University of knows.”—William Schuyler, St. Louis Chicago. High School.

“Drawing teachers must know much "It is not so much the subject as the more than how to draw and to criticize teacher that causes the pupils to lose drawings; they must know children and interest and withdraw from school.”— know how to learn from them how to Principal R. Post Halleck of the Louis- teach.”—Director Emma Church of the ville High School.

Chicago Academy of Fine Arts. "The intelligent use of a library has "Secret fraternities are especially conbecome essential to general culture and demned in public schools, which are esgood scholarship.”—Miss Florence M. sentially democratic, and should not be Hopkins, librarian Detroit Central High breeding places for social differentiaSchool.

tion.”—Principal Gilbert B. Morrison of - "Educators must watch out lest, as the the St. Louis High School. story goes, they aim too high, waste their “If the teacher, with his experience, is powder, miss their aim, and break the to be retained in the profession, he must gun.”—President Charles D. McIver of receive a sufficient remuneration for the the State Normal and Industrial College necessary expenses of living, not for five of North Carolina.

or six months, but for the entire year.”— "Practical child-study will insure Report of the Committee on Salaries. stronger pupils and aid in eliminating “Manual training calls for just the orwaste and indefiniteness in school work.” ganized thinking needed for the practical

-Frank Webster Smith, University of purposes in life. It is a mental activity Nebraska.

out of which grows skill in doing, and "The predominance of women among skill in doing as a result of intelligent high school teachers is harmful simply thinking should be one of the chief purand solely on the ground of sex, harmful poses of education.”--L. D. Harvey, suto the girls, and absolutely disastrous to perintendent of Schools of Menominee, the boys.”—Principal Isaac Thomas of Wis. the Burlington (Vt.) High School.

"We are never to forget that the "The duty of the hour is to educate schools are not only to educate people public opinion in and out of the college, in order that they may be educated, but so that it will despise the doctrine of vic- to educate them in order that. they may tory at any price."--Professor C. Al- do things. They are to be trained for phonso Smith of the University of Cali- labor and effectiveness."-State Comfornia.

missioner of Education Draper of New "If we want the youth of the land to be York. taught by the noblest and best of the “The study of local industry is necesland, then the salaries of teachers in the sary in the commercial course in order future must bear some relation to the that the boy may be given that survey of services rendered to the public.”—John the industrial world; that understanding W. Carr of Anderson, Ind.

of industrial processes which the boy of "From the point of view of individual the small town absorbs from his earliest interests, aptitudes, and needs, there is years.”—John L. Tildsley of the New no ground during the high school period York High School of Commerce.

"There is no more pitiable sight in our trolled, what we need is force and energy great cities than the boys and girls whose applied where necessary and always playtime has been cut short by the neces- minder control, always working to a defisity for work in office, factory, or shop, nite purpose, and at the same time avoidthere to become a cog in the machinery ing complications and unnecessary fricof modern specialization in labor. This is tion. That is, to have a life whose great a class in as great need of physical train- underlying motif is efficiency, and, ining activities as the student class.”—E. stead of speaking of the strenuous life B. De Groot, director of physical training or of the simple life, let us have before of Chicago.

us as a doctrine 'The Effective Life.'”— "The schoolyards should be placed at William Barclay Parsons of New York the disposition of the children after city. school hours. They are much more use- “Caterpillars are common, and some ful than large playgrounds in remote species, like those on cabbage, illustrate parks. They are more accessible, espe- protective resemblance and protection by cially to younger children, and to poorer threatening processes. No caterpillars ones who have not the means of trans- bite, and the more formidable they look portation to parks.”—President E. H. Ar the more safely they may be handled. nold of the Physical Education Depart. Some spiny forms may cause a nettling ment.

sensation, and the branched hair of "I have had an unusual opportunity to others may cause irritation when rubbed study the underlying causes of the eco- into a sensitive skin. Such kinds as spin nomic success of Germany, and I am cocoons illustrate the method in which firmly convinced that the explanation of silk is produced, and teach the importthat progress can be encompassed in a ance of the silk worm in the social single word—the schoolmaster. He is economy. Every mile of fiber costs the the great cornerstone of Germany's re- life of a caterpillar.”—Professor John B. markable commercial and industrial suc- Smith, New Jersey Agricultural College cess."— From the address of Frank A. Experiment Station. Vanderlip, vice-president of the New "It is often said that an entrance exYork National City Bank.

amination is a cruel strain, an unneces“The public schools must be made sary hardship put upon immature and good enough for all, but even at their growing youths. The answer to this is best they are insufficient. The five school that young men old enough for college years (average) of the American child are old enough to undertake serious risks, constitutes a very narrow portal through to assume some responsibility. An exwhich to enter upon the privileges and amination for admission to college is duties of life. The public library stands

something more than a test of a student's as a satisfactory supplement and comple

knowledge. It is a test of his self-conment for the public school. Hence, these

trol, his judgment, his power to meet a two must go hand in hand.”—Dr. J. H.

critical hour in his life with a steady Canfield of Columbia University, in his report on instruction in library work for

nerve and a clear head. The training for normal schools.

such a crisis, and the experience obtained “Instead of great force and latent en- in meeting the crisis, make for self-poise, ergy without control; instead of quiet for self-respect, and for virility.”—E. J. gentleness without restriction, or of Goodwin, Second' Assistant Commissionpower of control without vigor to be con- er of Education, New York.

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Editorials

At the opening of school teachers in store for our readers during the year should not forget that a well-planned and therefore we urge those who are not program is one of the first essentials for now subscribers to become so at once as a successful school.

we cannot promise to furnish back nuubers to those who may wish to have the

subscription begin with the September ONE of the most common errors of

number. We received so many orders of school principals is the withholding of

that kind last year that the September authority from subordinate teachers.

and October issues were soon exhausted. Discipline is alınost impossible without

Consequently those numbers are now out authority.

of print and cannot be furnished. * * * We have featured the N. E. A. in the September number, so that all our read- The University Convocation of the ers who were unable to attend the con- State of New York was noteworthy this vention may have the benefit of the prin year because all the speeches and adcipal addresses presented by some of the dresses converged about the one general leading educators of the country, and so topic of education for industrial and comthat those who did attend may have a mercial efficiency. The general subject concise report with which to refresh the was discussed under the three subdimemory, should they wish to speak at visions, viz. : Education for Commerce, teachers' meetings on any of the sub- Education for the Trades and other Injects discussed at Asbury.

dustries, and Education for Agriculture. As the speakers were chosen for their

special knowledge of the topics assigned COOPERATION is the word that should them, the session proved remarkably instand as the motto for all school admin teresting and profitable. The keynote of istration and school work. Cooperation the meeting was the thought expressed of school boards and principals, coopera- by President James of the University of tion of principals and teachers, and co Illinois in the opening address, when he operation of teachers and pupils, will said that every child was entitled to make the school a harmonious institu

special training for the work in which tion. How to work together in perfect he was to earn his living. unison is the moral lesson that is needed

* * * above all others in business and in social relations. Let the school teach this les

CERTAINLY no greater opportunity was son, both by example and precept.

ever offered to the teachers of this coun

try than the one we present in this num* * *

ber of the magazine. Every teacher needs We take pleasure in announcing that a first-class pedagogical library, and it the Bailey Outlines of English Master gives us considerable pride as well as pieces will be continued this year. The pleasure to announce that we have been first one to be published will be “The able to make arrangements with THE Vision of Sir Launfal” in October and MacMILLAN COMPANY So that we can “The Sir Roger De Coverley Papers" in offer this superb set of 16 volumes on an November. We have other good things easy payment plan in connection with a year's subscription to AMERICAN EDUCA- dresses with more or less frequency. He TION. A pedagogical library and a good at least should have a trained voice and educational magazine are needed by the should give enough attention to oratory teacher as much as a chest of tools is to be able to speak with telling effect needed by a carpenter. Books are the whenever he appears before an audience. tools of the teachers' profession, and Teachers who speak cannot afford to do therefore only the best books should be so in a slipshod way, and they who listen purchased. Every book in this set is certainly cannot afford to have their time worth its weight in gold. Yet the price wasted by a speaker who is unprepared of the library is so reasonable that even or indifferent to his task. the rural teacher can afford to buy it. Read carefully the advertisement in this

* * * number, particularly the names of the authors and the titles of the books and we

THE N. E. A. are sure that you will be convinced that THE 1905 convention of the National you cannot afford to be without this Educational Association has passed into treasure house. If you wish to know history. Although the attendance was more about the books we will send at not as large as at some previous meetyour request an illustrated pamphlet. Or ings, taken altogether, the convention der now so that you may have the books was a decided success. Asbury Park and magazine to use at the beginning of proved to be an ideal spot for such a the school year.

gathering. The thirty thousand strangers * * *

who came during convention week were

taken in by the numerous hotels and TEACHERS AS PUBLIC SPEAKERS

boarding houses with but little inconTEACHERS as a rule are not good public venience. It is doubtful if any other speakers. This fact is only too apparent town of the same size in the whole counin great gatherings like the N. E. A., try could have accommodated the crowds where well-written articles fall flat be- so easily. The beach and the board walk cause of poor presentation, and where were thoroughly enjoyed by the teachers large halls are emptied during the pro- from the inland towns, while the cool gress of a meeting because the speaker ocean breezes brought comfort to all. cannot be heard. Some speakers seem The high moral tone of Asbury Park to think the writing of an address is all and Ocean Grove was the subject of that is necessary, and give no time what much comment. There was certainly no ever to preparation for its delivery; vice to flaunt itself in the face of the others do not even take time to care- passer-by and no evidence of depraved fully prepare an address, but merely hunt humanity on the streets. The only funcup a few leading ideas and trust to the tion of the few policemen was to point inspiration of the moinent for the details; out the way to strangers. others have never received any training The vast auditorium at Ocean Grove in public speaking, and make poor work had its capacity taxed on only one occano matter how hard they may try. sion, that of the address of President

While teachers do not have as good Roosevelt. The auditorium, however, an opportunity for public speaking as proved too large for most of the speakers ministers or lawyers, every principal who addressed the general sessions. speaks frequently to large bodies' of Only a few of the speakers could be heard pupils, and is called upon for public ad- by over half of the audience, and it is

doubtful if over one hundred persons Leave the High School in the First heard the thoughtful but remarkably Year," delivered before the department quiet address of Commissioner. Harris. of secondary education, and that of John

When arranging for future meetings Brisben Walker on "The Essentials of a it will be well for the program committee Proper Education for the Average Busito remember that if the general sessions ness Man," before the department of are to be profitable, the speakers must business education. have voice as well as brain power.

The topic of teachers' salaries came up The addresses given at the general ses- three timnes, once before the general sessions were of high quality, and those that sion, once before the department of could be heard were received with enthu- school administration, and once before siasm. Commissioner Draper and Super- the national council. The consensus of intendent Maxwell gave the leading edu- opinion, as evidenced by the discussions, cational addresses. Mayor McClellan was that teachers as a class are underwas welcomed cordially, although he dis- paid, and that every effort should be appointed his hearers by talking educa- made to raise the standard of the protion instead of municipal reform. Presi- fession. dent Roosevelt received an ovation from The future organization of the Assothe great crowd that had gathered to ciation was the subject of a heated dishear him. His address was principally cussion at the business meeting of the on the ideals that should be presented by active members. As the charter of the the teacher.

•Association will expire next February, The section meetings as a rule were the trustees had been authorized at the full of life and interest. In some in- St. Louis meeting of last year to take the stances, however, the speakers had made necessary steps for the continuance of but little preparation for the work as the Association as a corporate body. signed them, and many of those who had They reported in favor of securing from accepted a place on the program were Congress a special act incorporating the absent when their names were called. In National Education Association. The rethe general discussions the time was port was strenuously opposed by Miss largely taken up by speakers who had no Margaret Haley, who voiced the sentiwell-digested thought to offer on the ment of a large number of women teachsubject.

ers froin the west. The report prevailed, Among the notable addresses at the however, and Congress will be asked to section meetings were the one by Reuben pass the necessary legislation for the inPost Halleck on “Why So Many Pupils corporation of the Association.

VOU render to the Republic, the prime, the vital service of

amalgamating into one homogeneous body the children alike of those who are born here and of those who come here from so many different lands abroad. You furnish a common training and common ideals for the children of all the mixed peoples who are here being fused into one nationality. It is in no small degree due to you and your efforts that we are one people instead of a group of jarring peoples.—President Roosevelt.

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