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conned in the darkest hours of life. This more enduring than these. Our fathers phase of the business man's training has found such in religion. With what faith been sadly neglected in our schools, and or philosophy do the young men of to-day this neglect has brought frequent censure guard their lives? With all of thy getting from the men in active affairs. They say get riches, is the beginning and the end of that the young graduate of the business doctrine with many of them. Traditional school becomes a source of anxiety as soon customs and standards, inherited from days as he mounts the office stool. He has no of quickening faith, are observed by many sense of the differences between persons in until new conditions make old customs obthe discharge of his duties. Every dunning solete; then, because the root of the matter letter he writes may offend a valued patron. is not in them, the appeal of the present He cannot exercise prudence, for to him impulse becomes their guide. This is paroffice routine is more tangible than indi- ticularly unfortunate in our day. The froth vidualities. A well-meaning marplot is of life is thrust upon us in the newspaper, often more dangerous than a confessed in the posters of the theatre, and low standenemy. Men grow old in learning the hid- ards for living find frequent expression and den springs of action, and all we can do advocacy. Then, many young men must through literature to season the young man lead a detached life during their apprenfalls within the scope of our duty.

ticeship in affairs. They are commercial Further, no man can or should live wholly travelers or representatives in foreign lands. in the round of daily business. He must Under these circumstances inherited cushave diversion for his leisure hours; he toms can have but slight influence on life should have occupation for the days that and habits. In what can we trust for that must be spent in travel. All employers sobriety of living which every reputable understand that the diversions which their firm demands of its representatives? The employees seek are matters of concern to puritan faith is a thing of the past. Our them. To-day the skilled artisans frequent young men no longer frequent the churches the libraries. Where are the clerks? The or hear morality lauded by its chosen advodesires that books will satisfy lie dormant cates. The doctrines of mercantile honor in the lad or he needs pilotage to sources seldom find expression, defalcations inof which he has no knowledge. It is our crease, and there is danger that suicide will duty to quicken desire, cultivate taste, and become an approved way of escape when acquaint the youth with the books that will riches take wings or business standing is meet this need. It is no slight matter when lost. It is not enough that the elder generathe young man declares that the study of a tion shall cherish ideas of probity, the young good novel years ago has made all trash must be taught. Our young men must posdistasteful to him. During his school life sess an inner strength that will withstand the youth should discover his own bent and temptation and endure adversity. Such the books that will give most lasting pleas- strength can lie only in a religion that ure and should learn how to use these as restrains and regulates life or in a philosotools for the furtherance of his desires. phy that commands allegiance for principles

Lastly, what shall it profit a man to heap more powerful than the chance accidents up riches if wealth becomes the only stay of the day. It is our duty to acquaint the of his soul? If life is bound up in business youth with such principles as have ruled and possessions, when these are lost all is the lives of the men of power in the past. lost, and life goes out with the pistol shot The sayings of Socrates, the maxims of or lingers on, aimless, adrift. In its inner Marcus Aurelius, the thoughts of Wadscitadel the spirit should repose on verities worth, the words of Washington, are part of the literature that merits careful study. work. Let me in closing state briefly one For some reason our boys and girls have or two thoughts. I would have in every come to believe that alertness, shrewdness, course for business, whether it be long or are worth more in the battle of life than short, one hour a day devoted to systematic infinite pains, well-considered plans, or de study of English. The subject deserves votion to a single purpose; they need the that consideration. Much incidental inlarger view that such men as Darwin, Glad- struction in English will, necessarily, be stone or Franklin teach and this they can given in other courses, but one hour a day acquire through class discussion of life and should be set apart for the systematic study doctrines as gleaned from books, and thus of composition and literature. A carefully build within themselves a knowledge and planned syllabus is necessary that the purlove which shall lead them to emulate the pose of each exercise in composition, of lives of worthy men.

each text selected for study, may be clearly I am aware that in this brief sketch of defined and all closely adjusted to the the desired function of composition and known needs of the business man. Desiraliterature in education I am claiming for ble habits should be established. Among the study of English a field and importance these may be instanced the habit of correct not hitherto accorded it in schools of busi- speech, of accurate expression in writing, ness. Indeed, I am persuaded that the pupil of home reading with definite purpose; to-day leaves the business school so weak these are as important for the business man in the technique of ordinary composition as are those which the best business schools that he cannot use to advantage the other now so conscientiously inculcate. To gifts he may possess. Of what use is a accomplish this, English must become as shorthand amanuensis if she has so little serious a study as bookkeeping or business knowledge of vocabulary, or of sentence arithmetic. This may seem an extreme and paragraph structure that she cannot position, but we shall then give no more correct the slips of hurried dictation or con

emphasis to the mother tongue than is now fuses words of similar sound? How can I

given in the best commercial schools of use the man whose letters are childish in

France and Germany. The quality of our content and phrasing, even if accurate?

training must equal that acquired in their Immaturity in thought and expression is a notable weakness with many graduates of

schools, for our young men must compete business schools. The study of literature

with theirs in the world's markets, and the is necessary to correct this; it will define better man,-better in that he is broader and enrich thought, and teach variety in in knowledge and sympathy, more the genphrasing. But I cannot stop for details of tleman in the best meaning of that word, method or attempt to sketch a syllabus of the better man will get the trade.

THE MOUNTAINS

BY E. A. LENTE

Oh, the mystery of the mountains!

With their caves and moss-rimmed springs,
Where no trespasser has ventured,

Save soft-footed wildwood things;
There are heights no man has conquered,

And delights no soul has found,
Treasure land of joy and romance
In that high, enchanted ground.

-Four-Track News.

THE TEACHING OF ETIQUETTE IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS

MINNIE E. HAYS, PRINCIPAL MOOERS FORKS, N. Y., GRADED SCHOOL THE teaching of etiquette in school should signs of which are a cleanly body, a tidy

be one step in advance of the manners or dress, a gentle grace, a firm step, and a etiquette as taught in the average home. spotless white linen handerchief. I make this statement having in mind the When the pupils know of what the batideal school as nearly as has been reached tery before them is composed, it does not with respect to the teaching of etiquette. take long to establish a station in each

It is not my intention to criticise the child's heart. And now must come the mesetiquette of the home, although there is sages—messages which will enable the good and sufficient reason for so doing gardeners to get ready the soil for the There is foundation enough in the subject planting of precious seeds which will bloom itself without straying to other pastures. into courtesy and thoughts for others.

Teaching etiquette in the school-room is Use fifteen minutes at the beginning of no easy task. It is herculean. The minds each morning session to sip from noble are so dissimilar—the training each receives lives the dews of truth which will aid in at home so diversified, the environment so fixing ambition, the great fertilizer of charmorally low in instances, high planed in- acter. Study the pupils and their homes frequently with many different grades be- to enable you to send proper messages on tween the former and the latter that the cultivation. Study faces so that you may teacher finds herself at a loss to know just gather secrets. how to bring these discordant elements to- John's father is a drinker-John needs a gether into an harmonious, peaceful, gen- message. Tell the story of Poe. Tell of tlemanly, and ladylike gathering.

the beautiful thoughts in his writings, how Beginning the school year teacher and he mourned for the lost Lenore, of the pupils find new conditions. Let us sup- strength that we may gain by listening to pose the teacher a woman and the school the “rare and radiant maiden.” Tell how rural, no etiquette has ever been taught you think Edgar Allen Poe wasted his life here and teacher and pupils are stran- by not giving himself a careful study. He gers. If the teacher has had experience, should have taken time to correct himself. if she has ever undertaken to bring out He should have turned on the light inside, of chaos an harmonious, well-minded and searched out the dark corners and then school, she reads a task before her. There tried and tried and grown strong in trying are bashful ones. They shy into the school- to make himself light within. Teach how room rubbing the wall and decorating their we build a bit here, a bit there—and then pinafores with the whitewash. The bold a beam is formed a strength against every ones tumble into the room like the hustling adversity. Give the good side of Poe's life. rabble at a ward caucus. These are the two

Do not make a conflict with error. Nothextremes; there are any number of degrees

es

ir

ing is ever gained. between.

Show the picture of Poe. Study the picThe teacher must give confidence to Miss Bashfulness. She must tame Mr. Cyclone.

ture. Give quotations to strengthen memBut first of all she must impress the pupils

ory, and to aid in lighting the inner torch. with her sympathy, her earnestness, her

Have the pupils copy the quotations in a interest in their every school endeavor. book for the purpose, and learn them thor

Truth and strength must mark every part oughly, making an application to the life of her character. The outward and visible studied.

... These apply: , -. ... .. . But you must have hope, and you must have

faith, "Build thou more stately mansions, oh, my soul! You must love and be strong—and som As the swift seasons roll!

If you work, if you wait, you will find the place Leave thy low-vaulted past!

Where the four-leaf clovers grow.”.
Let each new temple, nobler than the last,
Shut thee from heaven with a dome more vast, "Upon the wreckage of thy yesterday
'Till thou at length art free,

Design the structure of to-morrow. Lay Leaving thine outgrown shell by Life's unrest Strong corner stones of purpose, and prepare ing sea."

Great blocks of wisdom, cut from past despair

Shape mighty pillars of resolve, to set .“The fruit, when the blossom is blighted, will fall;

Deep in the tear-wet mortar of regret. The sin will be searched out no matter how small;

Work on with patience. Though thy toil be slow, · So what you're ashamed to do, don't do at all.”

Yet day by day the edifice will grow. "It was the little rift within the lute

Believe in God-in thine own self believe. That ever widening slowly silenced all;

All that thou hast desired thou shalt achieve." Or little pitted speck in garnered fruit, • That rotting inward slowly mouldered all." Give morals first, then the beautiful com

panion, manners. Polish the inside, then Teach pupils to glean from heartaches, give kind little ways of showing the finish. and sorrows and all seeming failures

Will pupils rebel when you give them brightness, and show them how to store forms of race? No thev delight in each strength.

exercise. Give the story of Scott's life, and tell of. I am going to show you how to correct the heartaches that inspired his nature, and

general errors. brought out many a sweet strain.

This morning we are going to learn the Exalt honest labor. Make it a crown. happiest way to say "ves.” and “no.” We These quotations are espcially good as do not say "yes ma'am" or "no ma'am" any character props:

more. We say as pleasantly as we can, "Is it raining, little flower ?

"yes," and let the person's name to whom Be glad of rain.

we are speaking follow, or we may say a Too much sun would wither thee. sentence if we wish. If we know how to 'Twill shine again,

say “yes” all alone very nicely, it may be The sky is very dark, 'tis true, But just behind shines the blue.

said this way. We will put these replies

on the blackboard, and then we will pracEvery time you miss or fail,

tice. I will ask the questions and you may Start in on a higher scale; Let each tear and sigh and moan

reply from the board: Only be a stepping stone.

"Did you put the book in the library?” Let each dark experience

“Yes, Miss Brown.” Point you to an eminence

“Yes, Dr. Smith.” Up higher !"

"Yes, I did.” · "Aim high! He who aims at the sun although Yes." pretty sure not to hit it, will shoot higher than ;

“Will you lower the window ?” he who ainis at the ground.”

"Yes, Miss Brown.”. “I know a place where the sun is like gold, Yes, I will." And the cherry blossoms burst with snow,

“Are you able to solve the problem?" And down underneath is the loveliest nook,

"No, I can not solve it." Where the four-leaf clovers grow.

No, Miss Brown.” One leaf is for hope, and one is for faith, ***

We will practice these all day, and I shall And one is for love, you know, And God put another in for luck a s , try to say, "Yes, John,” or “No, Mary,”

If you search you will find where they grow. just as pleasantly as I am able, for I was

taught to say "yes ma'am" and "no ma'am," It is filled with kindness and consideration. and it may be difficult for me to change. I am going to let you read it.

Teach boys that a salutation to a lady or an old gentleman should be accompanied

West Park, N. Y., by a raised hat. Write salutations on the

June 16, 1901. blackboard and when the boys and girls My dear Miss Blank: are ready to leave the building at noon or Yours of last December with the letters at night practice. Teach the boys to raise from your children, the drawings, etc., etc., the hat when leaving a lady, and to raise has only this day reached me. I thank you the hat if the lady with whom he is walking many times for your thoughtfulness. I or driving bows to a friend.

have read the letters and the essay on the It will be impossible to give all the exer- bee with real interest. I send my love to cises necessary to enable the pupil to be the children and to their teacher. I hope well graced. I will give you a few general you will all have a delightful summer. hints:

I shall put up the pictures in my cabin Do not forget to train in using the fork. called “Slabsides." This is very difficult to teach, for very few

Very sincerely, hold the fork correctly. Use the fork in

John BURROUGHS. taking the meat from the skin of a potato. Put the spoon into the saucer, not into the These books and papers have helped me cup when drinking. Say "Pardon me," if in carrying on the work: Success, Ladies' you wish pardon, and “Excuse me,” if you Home Journal, Woman's Home Companion, wish to leave the table, the room, or a per- “Lessons on Manners,” by Julia Dewey ; son. Do not clean the finger nails in com- “Manners Maketh the Man," by the author pany. Do not cross the legs in company. of “How to be Happy though Married," Do not sit when you are talking with a an English author; “Practical Life or Ways person who is standing.

and Means,” by Mrs. Julia McNair Wright, I cannot give you the hundreds of sug- and “Arthur Bonicastle,” by J. G. Holland. gestions that are necessary. There are “Arthur Bonicastle” is invaluable. It “Home Manners," "School Manners," puts before the boy and girl the highest “Manners in the Street," "Manners at type of manhood and womanhood. I know Table,” “Manners in Society," "Church of no better book to read to pupils. It corManners,” “Manners at Places of Amuse- rects the habit of story telling; it searches ment," "Store Manners,” “Manners in Cor- out grave, secret wrongs; and at last respondence," etc., etc. I wish to say just brings together as companions beauty in a word on the latter. Teach pupil to be strength, and truth not veneer. very careful not to censure when they write, Teachers, read a country's destiny in the to speed a ready note of sympathy in time faces of the braves before you and rememof trouble, to be prompt in acknowledging ber that, “Self conquest is the greatest of a gift and to give a word of appreciation all victories," and that, “The golden threads for the care taken in preparing something of truth and the silken threads of love, to please. I hold in my possession a letter twisted together, will draw men on with of worth. It is from a great and busy man. a sweet violence whether they will or not.”

Pardon others often; thyself never.-Publius Syrus.

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