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melancholy smile with which she listened to her so weak it cannot run about to get its food as usual, and daughter's merry prattle.

it is dying of hunger; I wonder if it would eat some of Dear mother, you are not well, you would rather my cake?” and so she ran back and fetched the piece of not go?"

cake out of her basket, and breaking it into small bits, “I am not well," answered Gertrude ; " but must she scattered it about on the ground, near to where the go, or how could the thread be sold ?"

squirrel lay. She would not go quite close for fear of “Let me go alone,” cried Bertha, pausing in her frightening it; then she retired to her old place under employment, and looking earnestly in her mother's the tree, and she soon had the pleasure of seeing the face, “ I know the way perfectly, and you know I am little animal crawl slowly from one place to another, ten years old; dear mother, please to let me go instead picking up the crumbs, and eating them with great of you," she continued, as she threw her arms round her apparent satisfaction. mother's neck and kissed her pale chcek.

Bertha now recollected that it was time to proceed But the forest, Bertha ; you will lose your way, or on her journey ; so tying on her hat, and taking her some harm will happen to you; I cannot let you go basket in her hand, she walked on as gaily as ever, quite alone."

refreshed by her long rest under the tree. But Bertha urged so earnestly and so tenderly, the Before she had gone very far she observed a little necessity of her mother's staying at home till her health worm lying just in her path. She stepped to one side to was stronger, and explained so clearly the road she was avoid treading on it, and walked on; but presently she to take through the portion of the forest which she said to herself “perhaps somebody may pass this way, would have to pass, that her mother at last yielded a who may not see that poor little worm, and then it will reluctant consent; and Bertha lay down to rest that be killed,” so she went back and taking it up very night, happy in the consciousness that she was old gently, she laid it down amongst the grass at some disenough to be of some use, and steady enough to be tance from the path. As she did so, she could not trusted.

help remarking what a curious little worm it was ; she The next morning she rose early, and was soon ready had never seen one like it, it was not an earth-worm, to set forth upon her journey. Gertrude almost nor a caterpillar, nor a snail, it was about half an inch repented having given her consent; but she felt her long, and of a white fleshy colour, quite unlike any own strength quite unequal to so long a walk, and other worm she had ever seen-what could it be? knowing that for her child's sake it was her duty, if The sun was now high in the heavens, and it penepossible, to preserve her own life, she made no further trated even through the deep shade of the trees, and opposition, and, giving Bertha the basket containing Bertha knew that it was mid-day, and she walked on the thread, and a small oaten cake to serve as provision rapidly, for she had still some distance to go.

road, she repeated her injunctions to her, to She had not proceeded far, when the shrill note of a return early, that she might not be overtaken by the bird, loud, and quickly repeated, struck upon her ear; close of the short autumnal day, before she had passed it sounded like a cry of pain or distress. Bertha through the forest; and kissing her affectionately, and listened, and looked in the direction whence the sound commending her to the care of Ilim who is the Father came, but she could discover nothing; still the note of the fatherless, she watched the little figure, until it was repeated, louder and more rapidly, as though the became less and less, and finally disappeared amongst poor bird knew that a gentle heart was near, and was the trees; and then she returned to her lonely dwelling, appealing to it for aid. After spending some time in to renew her prayers for the safety of her darling child. Vainly pushing aside the thick underwood, and peering

Bertha tripped merrily along; the sun broke gra- up amongst the branches of the lofty trees, Bertha dually through the mist which had hitherto shorn it of came suddenly upon the object of her search. its rays, and beamed forth in all its brightness, making It was a beautiful bird ; its plumage was of the brightthe dew-drops glitter like diamonds; and the birds est blue, and on its head was a yellow crest, that glitchanted their matin hymns, and hopped from bough to tered like gold. It remained in the same place, only bough, and as their rainbow plumage glanced in the fluttering its wings, and uttering its shrill cry of dissunshine, they looked down upon Bertha with their tresz. As Bertha approached, she perceived that it had bright eyes, till the little girl almost fancied that they been caught in a fowler's snare. After many efforts were beautiful spirits of the wood, sent to be her com- she succeeded in disentangling the wires, and the panions on her lonely pilgrimage; and unconsciously, captive spread its bright wings, and flew high up into she raised her soft, clear child-like voice, and joined in the air, with a wild song of joy.

Bertha once again continued her journey, and arrived Bertha walked on for a considerable time, an:l at last without further interruption at the town. She sold her she began to feel somewhat weary, so she sat down on mother's thread, executed the other commissions with one of the large projecting roots of a lofty tree, which which she had been entrusted, and some time before formed a convenient resting place, and taking her little sunset she set out on her return. cake out of her basket she ate a part of it, and put the It was a warm bright autumnal evening, but the rays remainder back, intending to keep it till evening. of the setting sun, glittering through the yellow leaves,

It was a pleasant cool spot like a bower, where Bertha / warned Bertha to hasten forward, for by the time she had chosen her resting-place; there was a gentle breeze entered the forest it had sunk down behind the tall just stirring the leaves on the trees, and softly fanning trees, and it had become so dark, that the stout heart her cheek ; she took off her large straw hat, and, having of the little maiden begin to beat somewhat faster than laid it on the grass beside her, she gathered some of the usual, as she tried, with her bright eyes, to pierce flowers which formed a carpet at her feet, and amused through the gloom which was rapidly gathering in the herself with twining them into a garland.

dark vistas before her. · Was she in the right path !Bertha had been for some time employed in this perhaps not-and yet she felt almost sure—no, she had manner, when she suddenly observed something moving, not seen that lightning-scathed tree in the morningnear the foot of a tree at a little distance. She watched yet where could she have lost the path ?—she would go it for some moments, and then she perceived that it back and try to find it." was a squirrel. She approached softly and cautiously, But darker and darker the shades of night gathereil and as she came nearer it moved slowly to a short around her, and, as she wandered on, now falling over distance, but it did not hop away, or climb up into a the projecting roots of the trees, now feeling her way tree, as she expected, so she came still nearer, and then amongst their rugged stems, she only became further she saw that the little creature was scarcely able to stir; entangled in the thick and briery underwood. At it appeared to be either very ill, or to have received length, wearied and faint, she sat down at the foot of a some injury. “Poor little thing,” said Bertha, “it is tree, and wept bitterly. She thought how her mother

their song.

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would sit before the cottage-door, watching for her all “Let me look at it,” said an old man who was the evening, and then how she would go in and pre- present, “I know more about those things than you do.” pare the evening meal, and the cheerful fire, to greet He examined it carefully for a few moments, and then, her darling on her return; and then she fancied her he said, It is a Diamond.wandering forth into the forest to seek her, and losing The old man was right; it was a diamond, of marher way, and dying of grief and fear.

vellous size and brilliance; and when it was sold, it Bertha knew not how long she had remained in this produced a large sum of money, sufficient to support state. By degrees she became almost stupified with Bertha and her mother all the rest of their lives in ease terror; the huge boughs of the trees assumed frightful and comfort. and terrific shapes, as they seemed to bend towards Bertha never forgot her walk through the forest; and her, and extend their giant arms, as if to enfold her many years after, when her grand-children used to prewithin their ghastly embrace. The poor child pressed vail upon her to relate the story for their amusement down her hands over her eyelids to shut out the hideous round the Christmas hearth, she always ended her tale forms that haunted her. She tried to pray, but her by saying, " Never neglect an opportunity of doing thoughts wandered, and became more and more con- good, even to the least of God's creatures." fused, and a deathlike torpor was gradually stealing

M. A. S. 2 over her. She was suddenly roused by a slight rustling sound, which appeared almost close to her; she looked up, but she could see nothing. Again the sound was

NUREMBERG.1 repeated, and then she felt something gently touch her foot; she put forth her hand, and there she felt a small Tue fame of the painter of Nuremberg was not round substance; she took it up, and to her surprise limited to his fatherland : his name was honoured perceived that it was a filbert. In a few moments wherever art was cultivated. In Italy, through which another was laid at her feet, then another, and country he made an artist's tour, of which the then a great many more. Bertha ate the nuts, for records yet remain in his letters, he was received she was very hungry, and as she did so, her strength with the highest honours in every city; but the most returned rapidly, and still more nuts were brought; interesting incident of this journey was his meeting and presently, as she put out her hand to take them, with Raphael, his brother in genius. These two she felt a soft head thrust into it. * It must be the great men regarded each other with mutual admisquirrel !” said Bertha, “You dear little thing, how ration; and Dürer, on his return home, testified his kind you are." Then the equirrel nestled close to esteem by sending to Raphael a portrait of himself, her, just as if it understood what she said.

accompanied by a letter and several of his engravings Just then, Bertha saw, at a short distance, a bright a conipliment which was returned in kind by the light shining like a star amongst the green grass. Gra- Italian. To the lover of art there is something very dually it approached nearer to her, and then she saw gratifying in the idea of this intercourse between two that it was a glow-worm, of wonderful size and bril. such persons—each reverenced in his own land as the liance. It came quite close to her and lay at her feet; master genius of his profession, each imbued with the the light it threw around was so bright that it illu- same noble imagination and vivid perception of the mined a space of several yards on every side, with a soft beautiful, though differing, in that each breathed the radiance like moonlight. And are you come to help peculiar spirit of his own country. Their means and me, pretty glow-worm ?" said Bertha. The glow-worm their opportunities too were very unequal ; bred up answered by approaching still nearer to her, and the under an Italian sky, surrounded by the beauties of little girl gathered a leaf, and laying the beautiful in Nature in their most luxuriant loveliness, by the nusect upon it, she held it in her hand. And now, the merous relics of all that was most perfect in ancient art, clear melodious note of a bird burst forth upon the still as by the rival glories of the modern school, Raphael night air, and with a rushing sound the beautiful blue enjoyed every advantage for which the poet and the bird with the golden crest flew by, and alighted at painter might sigh, whilst Dürer, in the uncongenial Bertha's feet; then turning its head, and looking at her clime of the north, had to struggle with the comparawith its bright eye, and repeating its song, it hopped tive inferiority of his models and the deficiency of his forward a litile way, and then stood still, as if inviting instruction ; but, though he fully appreciated the greather to follow. Bertha now arose, and fed by the squir-ness of his wants, he was far from being discouraged by rel, lighted by the glow-worm, and guided by the golden them; his sojourn in Italy had taught him much, and he crested bird, she proceeded on her way, full of thank returned home to immortalize his name by still higher fulness and joy.

efforts. It is not only for his paintings that Dürer is After walking for about an hour, Bertha found herself celebrated ; his genius excelled in every department of at the termination of the forest, and a few steps more art; his engravings, of which great numbers are left to brought her to her mother's door.

us, are wonderful both in design and execution ; his When she entered, she found her mother nearly sculpture is admirable, and he was most successful also senseless from grief and terror, and some of her neigh-in architecture, both civil and military, the fortifications bours sat round her, trying to support her with hopes of his native city having been formed, as is said, under which they feared would never be realized; while others his superintendence. Yet, universally as he was hohad gone forth in quest of the little wanderer.

noured, though kings and emperors loaded him with The sight of her child soon restored Gertrude to life, favours, though cities invited his visit, though at Antand with tears of happiness and gratitude she pressed werp he was escorted to his house by torchlight, after her darling to her bosom.

the fashion of the Roman consuls, he still retained the When Bertha was a little recovered from her fatigue sweetness and unpretending simplicity of his nature. she related all that had happened to her. " And where “He had,” says his biographer, “the most agrecable manis the bird, my child ?" said her mother. Bertha now, ners, his converse was sprightly and good-humoured; for the first time, looked round for her beautiful guide, he lived with the great without despising the little, but the golden-crested bird was gone. “ But here is and delighted in praising and encouraging his youthful the glow-worm, mother; I have it safe in this leaf." brethren in art.” After all, his mild and gentle dispoBertha opened the leaf, but instead of a glow-worm sition was his bane, for it caused him to die of a disease, there lay something, bright and sparkling, but clear, which, with a different temperament, he would have and hard, and colourless, like glass. “Oh, where is my been able to resist. This fatal affliction was a termapretty glow-worm?" said the little girl, in a tone of dis- gant wife. They say that the late Lord E., who was appointment, this is only a bit of glass, — yet how bright it is.”

(1) Continued from p. 233.

troubled in the same way, whenever he visited his presentation in stucco, in one of the passages, of a tour. native town in the north, was in the habit of dining nament, which is very curious, as having been executed with a plain old fellow, who had been his friend in from the life, and would be well worth looking at, were boyish days. On one of these occasions the chancellor, it not that it is placed on the ceiling instead of the talking over his successes in life, observed—“Well, wall, so that in order to examine it, you are obliged to throughout all I have had one single obstacle to con- stand with your head bent backwards, in a posture tend with, one thorn in my side, and I never could get which is liable to give one an unpleasant pain in the over it."

“Ah, John,” interrupted his matter-of-fact nape of the neck. Formerly, they used also to show friend, " I'll tell you how to manage the thing: just tie the subterranean dungeons in which prisoners were the obstacle, as you call her, to the bed-post one morn. confined, and the instruments of torture to which they ing, and give her as sound a hiding as we used to get were occasionally subjected, but the good town has got ourselves at school." His lordship, who had not in ashamed of these fine old relics of the olden time, and tended any reference to this peculiar obstacle, paused, they are now sealed from the gaze of strangers. looked foolish, and turned the conversation. Lawyers, The great market-place, which is near at hand, prehowever, are formed of tougher material than painters. sents two most characteristic specimens of the Gothic The chancellor's constitution was not at all affected by mind in its grotesque and its beautiful aspects. The his sufferings, but Dürer, who, even had he known of first is displayed in the church of St. Mary, a Catholic the sovereign recipe given above, would not have put it chapel, which looks the very quintessence of antiquity, in practice, lingered for some time, and at length sank -a small dingy edifice, more like a wrinkled, shrivelled at the age of fifty-seven, a victim to his wife's in- old woman than anything else, with everything about corrigible temper. His grave is still pointed out in it extremely plain, except the front entrance, which is the churchyard of St. John at Nuremberg.

by a triangular porch, rising to a point by steps at Close beside Dürer's house stands the church of St. either side, the whole adorned with carvings and Sebaldus with its two tall and graceful steeples, its figures, of which it is difficult to say whether they are pointed gothic windows of beautifully painted glass, and most remarkable for their quaintness or elegance. Beits round hump-backed roof of red tiles. The inside is side it stands the Schöne Brunnen (Beautiful Fountain), adorned with paintings and sculpture of the palmy justly so called, for it is one of the most beautiful days of Nuremberg, and presents a striking instance specimens of Gothic architecture to be found in any of the enlightened manner in which the reformation country. It consists of a tall and slender spire, open took place in this city. None of the ornaments which on all sides, and carved in the most exquisite and adorned it under the ancient regime have been removed fanciful manner, besides being adorned with small or defaced ; the church, though Lutheran in its worship, figures, also of admirable workmanship, representing still retains all the semblance of a Roman Catholic the nine worthies, the seven electors of the empire, temple, and even the lights, which were vowed to be and various other personages. The Nurembergers have kept perpetually burning over the tombs of particular been particularly successful in their fountains; besides families, are still there. In fact, the great religious this, which is the gem of the whole, they have a very reformation was attended with far less violence in beautiful one, on the other side of the town, supported Nuremberg than anywhere else. One reason of this by female figures of great grace; another in the Townmoderation no doubt was the superior intelligence of house, surmounted by a boy in bronze most admirably the burghers, which led them to the conclusion, that it executed, and several more in different places, all rewas not necessary to destroy all that was beautiful in markable for their excellence. Behind the principal the old religion when they renounced its errors; but market, which is nothing more than a large open space, another cause is to be found in the early period at surrounded by plain wooden booths, is the goose market; which the reformed doctrines were embraced." Nurem- goose meaning, I suppose, poultry in general, for I canberg was amongst the first cities in Germany which not suppose that the article of geese should be so imdeclared in favour of Luther: the bitterness of religious portant as to justify the allotting a special market to it contention had not then inflamed the passions, and alone. The peculiar nature of the traffic carried on blinded the understandings of its votaries; and even there is pointed out by a small figure, which stands in then, the way had long been prepared for the change, for the centre, representing a peasant with a goose under even a century before, when Huss was on his road to either arm. It is a capital statue in spirit and design. Constance, there to suffer for the principles of the Nothing can exceed the admirable effect produced by Reformation, his presence in Nuremberg was hailed the bandiness in the legs of the principal figure, and with delight by its citizens and magistrates. The prin. the expression of his face, which would seem to give cipal ornament of St. Sebald's church is the shrine of him quite as good a title to the epithet of goose, as can the saint, a splendid piece of bronze work by Peter be put forward by the birds which he carries. This is Vischer, a celebrated sculptor who was contemporary also a fountain, the water proceeding from the mouths with Albert Dürer. The design is that of a Gothic of the two (feathered) geese, and is by the same artist, chapel in miniature, richly carved and fretted, which by name Labenwolf, who executed the boy in the Town. incloses the relics of the saint. The base is supported house. The chief object of attraction here is, however, upon six enormous snails, and it is thronged with in the house of Hans Sachs, the cobbler poet. This hero numerable figures of the Apostles, the fathers, cupids, is one of the trio of worthies, of whom the Nuremand so forth, all most admirably executed, especially bergers never can talk enough, the other two being the Apostles; at one end in a retired corner is a figure Dürer and Vischer, and he is perhaps more characof Vischer himself in his working apron, with his tools teristic of his age and his city than either of his in his hand. The artist complained that he was very brethren. His history is thus characteristic, as showing badly paid for this masterpiece, and indeed, if there be the good burghers of Nuremberg, and of the German any truth in the tradition, that he was employed on it cities in general, to have been so completely wrapped with his five sons for thirteen years, a very considerable up in their own modes of living and thinking, as to sum would have been requisite to indemnify him. have been unable to conceive that anything could succeed,

The great building behind this church is the town which was not reduced to their own artificial standard, house-a structure which, in size and magnificence, is and enveloped in their own peculiar garb, so that even quite worthy of the town to which it appertains. It is poetry was made a matter of burgher rule, as if it had a large pile of massive stone, built round a large square been a craft, like that of the cooper or blacksmith. court, not in the Gothic but the Italian style, and was Poetry passed in Germany through a stage, to which in its day honoured by the visits of emperors. If you in our country we have never had anything at all choose to enter, you will be shown some fine rooms, analogous. When the age of chivalry, properly so adorned with not particularly good pictures, and a re- called, had passed away, and with it the inspiration of



the Minnesingers or Troubadours, who robed poetry | the basement story washed by the placid water. These in the garb of chivalry, it fell into the hands of the houses, indeed, are not marble palaces, rich in all the burghers. These excellent people at once constituted graces of Italian architecture, but their tall, massive it a craft; and the guild of poets was enrolled amongst, walls, high and pointed roofs, gloomy windows and and as regularly recognised as any other of, the mer- heavy galleries overhanging the water, have an air of cantile brotherhoods, whilst the same forms and regula- stern and imposing strength, which better befits the tions applied to it as to the other guilds. The members character of the scene. Indeed, I do not know that an were divided into apprentices and master poets, and artist could anywhere get a more striking street view the young aspirant, after serving his time of probation, than is to be seen from some of the bridges which span as in other trades, usually travelled for some time in the Pegnitz; (one of them is built in imitation of the order to perfect his hand, and then having produced a Rialto, and a very good imitation it is, too;) the antique piece which was considered to warrant his claim to appearance of the houses, most of them many centuries admission, was solemnly inducted as a master workman. of age, eked out with apartments built on wooden proAll this appears to us sufficiently strange, and the jections, which overhang the river, and apparently strangest part of the whole perhaps is, that these poetic dropping to pieces with rottenness—the perfect quiet mechanics should really have turned out what was worth of the whole, save when a boat pushes from the waterreading. This, nevertheless, they achieved, and, of the gate of one of the houses and glides silently across the whole of this strange race of bards, Hans Sachs, or, as stream,—all this forms no ordinary study. It is, howhis real name is said to have been, Loutzdorffer, was in ever, only on the river that this appearance of solitude his day, as he is still, the most renowned. He was by prevails---everywhere else the city is remarkable for its trade a shoemaker as well as a poet, knocking off his gay and cheerful aspect: the wide and nicely kept verses to the tune of the hammer with which he cobbled streets have an airy and open look which is quite his soles, and from the immense number of his poetical delightful, and this pleasurable feeling is enhanced by effusions, would appear to have found the stringing a the fanciful decorations of the houses, and the bright copy of verses no more difficult a matter then the colours of the blinds in the oriel windows, from behind making a pair of shoes. His productions were of all which a merry face often peeps forth; the ways are kinds, from the rude comedies and mysteries then in thronged with busy passengers, whilst every now and vogue, to drinking and love songs and satirical pas. then a loud laugh resounds from one of the numerous quinades. It was in his bacchanalian lyrics that he beer-shops to be found in each street. was most successful; inspired by his own mirthful Talking of beer, we may as well step in and have a genius, and by that good Nuremberg beer of which he glass, for this trudging through streets is dry work, and was as fond as his great cotemporary Luther, he poured the beer of Nuremberg is excellent, very different to the forth without effort that tide of grotesque song, teem. wishy-washy stuff which the students of Bonn and Hei. ing with quaint drolleries and burlesque morality, delberg delight in. The beer-shop you see, is a sort of which has made his name dear to, and his songs sung cellar, but very cool and pleasant in this hot weather. by, the German topers even of the present day. Hans, It bears rather a curious name, being styled the "Jacob's however, had a political object in many of his poems, Ladder:” the Nurembergers are very much given to the principal subjects for attack being the monks, whom these odd titles, for there is another beer-shop called he denounced most lustily for their idleness and love of the “ Valley of Tribulation,” besides many others, the the good things of this world ; accusations which might appellations of which smack of the puritan rather than be very well founded, but which did not come with the the publican. Cellar though this is, however, everybest possible grace from one so notoriously given to the thing is extremely neat and tidy. The beer is brought, same gratifications as our jovial cobbler.

brisk and sparkling, in bright clean glasses ; and noPolitical and religious differences, however, sever all thing can be more faultless of dust and stain than the bonds of union, even those between boon companions; tables and benches, coarse wooden things though they and Hans's poems were not without their effect on the are. Indeed, this characteristic of cleanliness appears great movement which was, during his life, convulsing to me a distinguishing peculiarity of Nuremberg, as Germany; so that, as the song of “Lilliburlero" is said compared with other German towns of an old date. to have rhymed the Stuarts out of their throne, the From what cause this arises I cannot pretend to say, doggrel verses of the Nuremberg shoemaker gave no unless, indeed, it be the absence of Jews; for I have small assistance to Luther, and the biting satire of observed that the amount of filth invariably maintains Sachs went a long way with many who would not have an exact ratio to the number of Israelites in a town. been affected by the most laboured argumentation of Now in Nuremberg there are no Jews : there were a the more prominent reformers. Hans, however, was great many in former times, but the honest burghers not always very discriminating in his attacks; his pas found that the Hebrews were a great deal too sharp for quinades occasionally got him into scrapes; and one of them, and were monopolizing all the trade; so the them, whether or not it be historically true in all its whole colony were expelled, not exactly with a fork, as details, is the foundation of rather a good story, which the Latin poet has it, but with a very significant hint may one day be presented to the readers of Sharpe's that they had better not come back again. Whether Magazine.

they took their dirt with them I cannot say, but they I think the title which I have given Nuremberg, of would appear to have left none behind. the Gothic Venice, is that which best describes its The great sight on this side of the town is the church character. It has been called the Pompeii of the of St. Lawrence, which surpasses even that of St. SebalMiddle Ages, but it has the advantage over Pompeii, of dus in grandeur of design and beauty of decoration. being a still living city; and again it has been styled The principal entrance is adorned with carving in the Gothic Athens, but the sober, business-like tempera- stone, of a luxuriance and elegance which I have seldom ment of the town and its inhabitants scarcely support seen equalled, and the interior is quite as remarkable. the claim to such an appellation. It is not only in the Lofty and spacious as is the rival church of St. Sebaldns, character of its citizens, which combined the attributes this is still more so, and the noble effect of the whole is of the haughty noble with those of the enterprising enhanced by the height and gorgeous painting of the trader, and the munificent patron of art with the plod Gothic windows. As a set-off to the shrine of Peter ding merchant, that this analogy is observable, but Vischer, there is here the masterpiece of Adam Kraft, even in many respects in the outward features of the 2 sculptor almost equally prized by the enthusiastic town. It is most strikingly exemplified in those streets Nurembergers. It is called the Sakraments Häuslein, which border upon the Pegnitz: the river flows deep, the repository for the sacramental wafer, but is so only smooth, and waveless, more like a canal than a living in name, being in reality an open Gothic spire of stream, and the houses rise up direct from its margin, I exquisitely elaborate workmanship, supported on three

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kneeling figures of Kraft and his two apprentices, the sand under the belfry, is the oldest ; it is an inscription whole being between sixty and seventy feet in height. to the memory of one of the Cobham family. The entire work is of carved stone; but so delicate is On the floor of the body of the church is a full-length the tracery, and so bold and unrestrained the main female figure, with armorial bearings, and the feet rest. design, that it was not till the test had actually been ing on a dog. It has a small tablet to state that it was applied, that it was believed not to be merely of plaster placed to record the existence of one Margaret Cheyne, moulded ; and even yet, looking at the light and airy a connexion of the Bullen or Boleyn family. elegance of this really ponderous structure, one can In a recess on the wall near the altar is the figure of scarcely conceive that it should ever have been created a man kneeling: this was the tutor of the Waldegraves. from such stubborn material. Whether regarded as a But the gem of all is a recumbent effigy on an altar work of art, or a mere triumph of mechanical skill, it tomb. This is one of the finest brasses of its era. It arouses one's warmest admiration.

represents Sir Thomas Boleyn, in his robes as a Knight (To be continued.)

of the Garter. It is as large as life, and has the following inscription fixed above the head; the legend is singularly reversed :

“ Here lieth Sir Thomas Bullen,

Knight of the Order of the Garter,
No. II.

Earl of Wilscher and Erle of Ormonde,

Which decessed the 12 daie of Marche,

In the yere of our Lord 1538."
The scenery is very beautiful in the neighbourhood

The costume, heraldic insignia, and general characof Hever: probably no part of Kent is more richly the brass is altogether a most vivid representation of

teristics of the period are most faithfully depicted; and wooded or less populated. It matters not whether the the high personage in honour of whom it was enride or walk to it is taken from the stations at Eden- graven. By means of common heel-ball, and a roll of bridge or Penshurst, both are equally interesting. paper, kept purposely on sale at a neighbouring cottage,

From the village of Penshurst the road lies through a very good impression may be taken. It will be the a long series of lanes, where the hedges are thickly work though of two, if not three hours, and as that studded with oaks and beeches, whose branches mingle would consume too much of the time of even a summer as they meet ; yet afford views, on either side, of a country bargain with the clerk, who will let him have one or

morning's visit, the visitor is recommended to make a very highly cultivated. Hop grounds, or “gardens," as

more impressions of this and the other brasses at a very they are called, are interspersed with corn-fields, and reasonable rate. add greatly to the picturesque beauty of the scene. There is a stone close by this tomb, which testifies, Then there is the village of Chiddingstone, or Chiding by the indentions on it, to have once held a brass cross.

Such is the case. stone, with its old-fashioned homesteads, and a group

It was taken from hence, and laid of houses opposite the church, that bear a very old date. down in the chancel of the church at Penshurst; why or They are constructed in the usual solid manner of the foot and a half in height, and has this inscription at its

wherefore is not recorded. The cross is there, about a old times; and wear still a substantial appearance. base :--Huge masses of timber, quaint carved work, and gable

“ Thomas Bullayen the sone ends, make up an ensemble worth stopping for a half

Of Sir Thomas Bullayen.” honr's rest to admire. Gossips, too, will point out the

This is an interesting memorial, inasmuch as Sir stone where the admonitions were bestowed in days Harris Nicolas states in his work on the Peerage, that gone by, which gave a name to the place. Near, and this same Sir Thomas had but one son, George Boleyn, progressing to the journey's end, there is a pretty wood who was attainted and beheaded vita patris. The proand some rock to pass through, and a modern castle to bability is that this was really and truly a monument leave to the left, which tend very agreeably to diversify Thomas; and that he died young. li was often custo

to a brother of Anne Boleyn's, consequently son of Sir

mary to erect on the tombs of the early departed, some The same kind of farm houses, cottages with black religious emblem. timbers, and gable ends, are to be seen at Hever. It is It is time, however, to quit these wanderings among a very quiet, secluded, out-of-the-world spot; where the tombs, and inspect the castle, which stands a very change with her magical wand seems to have never been. short distance from the church. All things wear an old look.

It is said on proper

It is situate somewhat in a hollow, and is surrounded statistical authority that the population has decreased by a moat formed of the river Eden, a small branch of within the last twenty years ; a fact which, if the present the Medway. It is in excellent preservation, and affords aspect of the place may be taken as a criterion, cannot an admirable specimen of the architecture of the time. be doubted. There are no new buildings to be scen It was formerly a manor-house, belonging to William anywhere; all is as it might have been years ago. de Hevre, and was em battled by him in the reign of

The village is situate on the brow of a hill, on the Edward III. It consists of a central keep with two summit of which, Henry VIII. is said to have been square towers on either side, a quadrangular house with in the habit of sounding his bugle-horn when he came a court paved with red bricks, very fantastically ara-wooing to the fair Mistress Anne. Gallants of that ranged. The keep is pierced with a gate of enormous time were wont so to announce their arrival to the ladye strength, and three portcullises with doors studded with of their love. Some chroniclers assign to the act a more stout picces of iron, nails, &c., attest the great pains precautionary meaning, and assert that it was done in that were taken to render the place impregnable in case order to procure assistance, in consequence of the bad of a siege, or sudden assault. One of these doors is state of the roads.

still in a most complete state of order and preservation, A very humble hostelry now stands there, whose and retains its original bolts, tch, etc. On the exsign-board is decorated with a portrait of the bluff king. terior front of the keep, and over the outer gate, are Many a long year has it swung to wind and gale, and several machicolations and some elegant stone tracery. bears the sad testimony of its age by rack and rent. Some outbuildings now used as granaries and farm. Nearly opposite is the church, with taper spire. It is a stores are evidently remains of offices appertaining to plain country-looking house of prayer, but has within the castle. The present entrance to the edifice is it some fine monumental brasses. Within the porch, through the old dining hall, now tenanted by a farmer,

the way.

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