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almost daily fall, and on which they have not to do a real service to the State of California, as yet been criticised by that Argus-eyed and we may well say, to the world at large. gentleman, Mr. Richard Grant White, One We spoke, in a former number, of the danger is the word “ Bouquet" which in nine cases that threatened the project of making the out of ten is pronounced Bo-kay, and which great valley of the Yo Semite a public Park, one sees on the signs of the most respectable in the petition of certain individuals to the florists spelled almost invariably without the Legislature for grants of land, and that they u, i. e., “ Boquet.” The other word is also may be allowed to make permanent settle. Frencb, “Sobriquet” which is commonly ments within the valley. There are two men given the “u” that is taken from "Bouquet.” who have thus petitioned the Legislature, and, It is then both written and pronounced“ sou- so far as that body can do it, the first fatal briquet.” We have several times seen both step has been taken which, if not withdrawn, these words thus misspelled, in respectable will end in defeating, perhaps the most magbooks and newspapers, and we have no doubt nificent scheme of its kind-if indeed it be if the late Noah Webster were alive he would not sui generis—that ever was set on foot by at once clap them thus corrected into his any State. The last news is that the LegislaDictionary.

ture of California voted each of these squat

ters more land than he had asked for; that YALE College has creditably followed the the Governor vetoed the Bill, and that the provisional purchase of the Jarves Gallery of Legislature then passed it over his head by Early Italian Pictures, by publishing an ex

a two-thirds vote. The only power that can cellent Manual describing the Collection. It now interfere is Congress, and we do most has been prepared at the request of the coun- earnestly hope that something will be done to cil in charge of the Street School of Fine prevent this wanton interference with the Arts, by Mr. Russell Sturgis, Jr. of New vested right of the whole American people, York, who has shown himself thoroughly who may fairly be said to bave an equal right competent to this task, a task by no means in this magnificent valley. Congress gave 80 easy as a glance at this little book might this land to the State of California on the lead one to imagine. Mr. Sturgis's Manual is sole condition that it should be set apart fornot a rehash of the materials that may be ever and devoted to the uses of a public found in the biographical dictionaries and Park. Congress is now in duty bound to sec encyclopedias of the last thirty years. It is to it that this condition is not violated. If the result of the painstaking, thorough study any injustice would be done these squatters of the best and of the latest authorities, by a by depriving them of the land they have setman of cool judgment and discriminating tled on, let Congress or the State pay them taste, added to a liberal culture. It was a what they are entitled to, but on no consign of progress when years ago Mr. Richard sideration ought it to allow this first step in Grant White prepared a catalogue of the the settlement of the valley to be taken, Bryan gallery of Paintings, and that Cata- Word comes from California that these men, logue was much the best that had at that secure in the indifference of Congress, have time been published in America. But there already begun to build, and that they are is a very wide difference between that per- using, as indeed they must, if they build at formance and this of Mr. Sturgis's. That all, the scanty,timber of the valley itself. If belongs to the past generation, this to the this be so, we may prepare to bid a speedy present, and so far as Art-biography and farewell to the ancient beauty of this glory Art-criticism go, there is a great gulf between of our continent. It is a short-sighted act on the two periods. The account of the picture the part of the Californians, to consent to the is preceded by a brief Introductory Essay desecration of the proudest feature of their which we should be glad to print; and there landscape, and if they do not repent of what are many excellent criticisms and clear state- they are doing, not many years will bave ments in the body of the book, which, if we elapsed before tbey will most deeply regret it, could quote, would justify our praise of it. and wish it were undone. In asking Congress We understand that the College intends pub- to interfere, therefore, we are really asking lishing a handsome octavo cdition of the that body to save the Californians from them Manual.


Now that the dust of impeachment has well blown over, Congress has a chance

The paper which we publish this month on the subject of the Rev. Eleazar Williams' claim to be Louis XVII. may be said, speak truth clearer and clearer, now that the public ing after the manner of merchants, to close backed him. We are bound to say that he the public's account with that veracious gen- used his triumph modestly, and did not tleman. And, now that it is all over, we reproach us nor despise us for not believing should very much like to say a word about in him in his day of small things. Mr. Hanour own share in his enterprise. It is barely son is long dead; he left the world before possible that certain persons, noved by a theo- Mr. Williams, and never gave up his faith in retical distrust of human nature, may have that delusive person.

His fervor and zeal, imagined, so far as they thought about it at his loyalty to what he believed the cause of all, that the original article published in Put- justice and truth were not unpleasant things nam's Magazine for February, 1853, was a to contemplate in a skeptical age. For our mere sensation paper, got up for the sole part, we have that respect for the man's purpose of making the Magazine sell; and sincerity, and that sympathy with his joy in that though the fraud may have been inno believing himself a successful agent in the cent enough, yet, it was a fraud, and we were establishing of an important truth, that we a party to it. We are therefore moved to are glad he did not live to see his faith in aver that though we never believed Mr. Wil


and we may add, in logic, destroyed, as liams to be an imaginative and contriving we imagine it would have been had he person, much less an imposter, there were read the article in our Magazine of this many reasons why we were extremely unwill. month. ing to publish his story. But it was forced Among the effects left by the Rev. Mr. upon us by the enthusiastic faith and trust of Williams was a dress which purports to have the Rev. John H. Hanson, whose belief in been worn by Marie Antoinette, and which the rightfulness of Mr. Williams' claim, and was presented to Mr. Williams by Mrs. Clarke, whose zeal in pushing it, announted almost to of Northampton, who had purchased it in a monomania. Mr. Hanson was a most re- Europe as a genuine relic, which there is spectable and worthy man, a clergyman of every reason to believe that it is. Mrs. Clarke the Episcopal church, and it was impossible was very much interested in Mr. Williams' to doubt that he believed Mr. Williams to be story, and, after an interview with him, gave the Lost Dauphin, and, moreover, that he him the dress, saying that she considered he held his own honor pledged to the chivalrous had a right to it. This dress is now in our task of upholding his claim against the world. possession, having been sent to us by Mr. He was a grand-nephew of Oliver Goldsmith, Williams' executor, the Rev. C. F. Robertand bore a striking personal resemblance to son, of Malone, N. Y., to be sold for the the Poet, but he had hardly any mental purpose of aiding a little in paying some of affinity with his delightful ancestor except in the debts of his late majesty. his excessive credulity. He certainly did not A lady versed in such mysteries, describes inherit Goldsmith's literary talent, and our it as a “magnificent brocade silk, richly emfirst unwillingness to bear a hand in this broidered with a delicate pattern of vine and enterprise of his, arose from the inordinate flowers. It is somewhat fade), and has been dimensions and diffuseness of his article in taken to pieces. It consists of a skirt, waist, its original shape. However, we cut the arti- and train ten or twelve feet long." cle down, and reduced it to some order, great- If any second-hand monarchical commodity ly to the displeasure of its author, who believed is useful for Republican Queens, perhaps it that every word of it was vital. We humbly may be such a memorial dress as this, a reacknowledge that he builded better than we minder at once of the magnificence of royalty, knew. We had greatly miscalculated the and of the fate which the abuses of it may amount of youthful curiosity that exists per- bring even upon the most lovely and most ennially in the public mind. Many believed innocent of its wearers. every word that Mr. Hanson said, and were Mr. Robertson's article in the present numas greedy for facts in relation to the Dauphin ber, “ The Last of the Bourbon Story," is the as he was to supply them. Buckwheat cakes result of careful examination of the papers do not more swiftly and continuously dis- left in his charge as executor of the unfortui appear from the plates of boarding-school nate “Lost Prince." boys than the numbers of the Magazine containing Mr. Hanson's revelations did from our Some of our readers may be glad to know counters. And he was pleased ; and believed of a delightful book which bas been published more and more ardently, and saw the whole lately in Paris. “La Terre," by ELISÉE

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Reclus, as its name imports, is a description Alps but in the Polar regions, in the Pyre. of the phenomena of, what has been called, necs, the Himalayas and in our own Rocky the life of the globe. It is a large octavo of Mountains. The chapter on the Bifurcation 811 pages, very handsomely printed, and of Rivers is especially interesting. The reader illustrated with 230 woodcuts, and with 24

will here learn that the case of the Casse maps printed in colors. We found our copy quiare river in South America is not the only at Christern's, and those who are interested example of a stream connecting two other in the study of Physical Geography will do streams flowing in opposite directions from a well to make acquaintance with the book at very low water-shed. In a series of small but once, for, so far as we know, no work has clearly drawn maps, following the best au been written since Humboldt's “ Aspects of thorities, M. Reclus shows us the system of Nature" at all worthy to be compared with streams that connect the Baltic with the Black it. It is not yet completed, for this present Sea, and the Caspian Sea with the Sea of Azof, volume treats only of the Continents, but while he proves that in Europe at least the there is food for long and delightful study in phenomenon may fairly be called common. it, and the owner of it will be in no haste to The paragraphs devoted to the meänders or reach the last page and lay it aside. This is sudden curves of rivers are very curious and a companion to linger with, and we may valuable, and several of the best illustrations almost say, to love. Why not? Since what of this subject are drawn from our own Mis he talks abowt is a subject full of ever new sissippi. But we are not writing a review of wonder and delightful suggestion, and he this admirable book; we only wish to call talks about it in a most delightful way. M.

attention to it. We have not room enough Reclus claims for his book the respect due to to mention a tenth part of the new and strika work founded as well on his own observa- ing things in it. But, we must say a word tions as on the reports of other travellers and about the illustrations which, if France were students, and his pages make a strong im- not at the head of the world in the illustrapression of originality and freshness. Some tion of scientific books--though we admit of the Heads: “The Circulation of the Wa- that Germany follows close behind- would ters," in which he treats of snow and the be simply surprising. This they, perhaps, glaciers, of springs, of rivers, and of lakes ; are not, but they are delightfully fresh, acand the chapters on earthquakes, and on the curate, and abundant. We are sure that if risings and depressions of the earth's surface, this book were well translated into Englislı, under the Head of “Subterranean Forces," and all' the cuts and chromo-lithographed contain much matter that, to us at least, is maps retained, it would be introduced, as it new and of absorbing interest. The chapter well deserves to be, into every High-school and on glaciers gives us the result of the latest College, and would give a new impulse to the study of these phenomena not only in the study of Physical Geography in this country.




When this Magazine, (after being for a half-score of years quietly moored out of sight,) sail.ed out once more into the broad ocean, newly fitted and manned, we signalled several other trim craft bound on much the same course, enjoying a favorable breeze and managed by skilful navigators. One of these, well to the windward of us at the start, carrying a national flag with “ Northern Monthlyat the fore, was evidently so well handled by her wide-awake skipper, that one wouldn't have wondered much if she had distanced her competitors.

Why, and how we have overhauled this craft and taken her captain and crew on board our own ship, we need not say in detail. Suffice it for the friends of literary commerce to know that the business of both vessels will hereafter be merged. Probably those specially interested in the career of that lively and fastsailing clipper will not be altogether displeased to receive their intellectual supplies hereafter by the steady-going vessel lately rebuilt from the sound timber of the old “ Putnam," mixed with live-oak fresh from the forest.

In plain prose, the Northern Monthly and its varied resources, with all its efficient allies, will hereafter be included in those of Putnam. May we not reasonably anticipate that all parties concerned will be advantaged by this consummation? The management of PUTNAM'S MAGAZINE will remain as at pressent ;-with all possible additions of fresh life and vigor.

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ENTERING the tall, stately, painted the world, then one wonders, on the and gilded rooms of the Kurhaus, and contrary, that the auditorium to this approaching one of the gaming-tables, great “combination show" of comedy the first impression on the mind of a and tragedy is not crowded with speccommonplace, money-prizing American tators from floor to ceiling, instead of is this: that the gold and silver jing. being attended only by these few strollling under the rakes of the croupiers is ers, and that thin cordon of observers not money, but a kind of counters around each table, outside the actors in appertaining to the game, and unknown the drama. The fact is, that only a elsewhere. Perhaps this feeling is small part of the drama is visible. We promoted by the fact that our currency may see our friend and fellow-countryhas, for six years, been innocent of the man yonder stake twenty gold pieces, precious metals—being of the rustling, and win or lose on them, as the case not the jingling kind. Perhaps the may be. But we do not see any placard very idea of money being given and on his back, announcing, “I came here received by chance, without an equiva- to-day with two hundred napoleons. I lent, is too absurd and irrational to be have lost eighty. If red comes up, my easily taken in, especially by a life-long loss will be sixty; if black, one hunworker. However it may be, the pretty dred, on my original capital.” Still metal discs, some yellow and some less can we know whence the money white, circulating hither and yon came, or where the next is to come (always with a perceptible centripetal from, although we can give a very fair tendency toward the bank), seem as guess of the place whither it must all innocent of all relation with joy and go. sorrow, hope and fear, as

were the

The pleasure to be derived from the hazel-nuts with which we played round great beauty and brilliancy of the games in our youth.

Kursaal will survive the excitement of When, by further observation, this watching the games. In fact, the former error is corrected, and one really ap- does not fairly begin till the latter is to preciates the fact that people come here a great extent exhausted. You naturalrich and go away poor (and sometimes ly go straight to the gambling-rooms, rice versa) in the stuff which commands guided thither by the coin-rattle which comfort and power and glory all over is audible already through one or two

Estered, in the year 1868, by G.P PUTXAM & SOX, in the Clerk's Once of the District Court of the U. S. for the Southern Distriot of N. Y

VOL. I.-9


corridors and ante-rooms. You scarcely cards for recording the course of the notice the gay demi-monde toilettes, or game. Some of the conspirators, having the curious marks of dress and appear- obtained access to the metre or stopance by which nationality is distin- cock, turned off the gas. Instantly all guishable, so anxious are you to see the was darkness, uproar, and confusion real money really change hands. It is about the tables.

The various games after this first thrill is gone, that you of hazard were resolved into one general begin to notice other things,-first to game of grab, and the company lost individualize the players, and feel an many thousands of florins. unreasonable desire to control their Nothing could be more evident than play, especially to make them withdraw the perfect fairness of the play on the their winnings when they make any part of the bank. It retains, confessedThere is a fellow who has won on the ly, certain chances in its favor. For red twice, and leaves his quadrupled instance, at the roulette there are thirtywinnings at risk again. Again he wins seven squares. If you stake money on —there lie eight napoleons in place of either square, and the ball rolls into the one he invested. Oh, if he would that compartment of the wheel, you only withdraw it! There it goes into receive, not, thirty-seven times your the bank; and you turn away in dis- stake, but thirty-six — the difference gust!

Next you look for a while at being the “percentage” of the bank, the person playing most heavily, easily say one in thirty-seven, or about two guided to him by seeing where the and two thirds per cent. (The most greatest number of spectators are con- seductive reasoning by which one can gregated. Then you have pointed out justify to himself the staking of small to you the stock celebrities—the Count- sums is the consideration that, philosoess Kisselef, Mustapha Pasha, M. Blanc, phically speaking, one as well the manager of the gambling-bank, &c., afford to risk a dollar as to give away &c. It is probably not till a second or or throw away three cents.) It is physithird visit that you find time to admire cally impossible that there should be the large, clean, inlaid floors, the tall any deception. The ball rolls in one panelled and pictured walls, and the direction round the interior of a kind distant ceilings with their arching out- of bowl, its centrifugal action sustaining lines and gay frescoes.

it for a few seconds from descending Notice now the lighting of the Kur- to the table of thirty-seve

even cells which haus. Every room is supplied with forms the bottom of the bowl. In the great and brilliant chandeliers, and the meantime this thirty-seven-celled table whole place is one glitter of glass and is set revolving in the opposite direcgas—entrance-halls, reading-rooms, bil- tion; and, finally, you can make your liard-rooms, eating and drinking rooms, bet after the ball and table have been and gaming-rooms—but not the gam- set in motion. ing-tables ! Over each of these hang In like manner at the trente-et-quatwo bright-lighted and deeply over- rante table, the cards, six packs together, shaded oil-lamps. And thereby hangs, are shuffled by the croupiers, but they also, a tale; as there does by most of are cut by one of the public; then are the characteristics of this bright-lighted dealt into two lines, enough to count and deep-shaded, tragi-farcical institu- some number between thirty-one and tion.

forty (the face-cards counting ten each, For, once upon a time, when gas and the spots according to their numalone was used, some enterprising indi- ber), by the “ tailleur," whose eyes are viduals made a combination more effec- bent on his cards as he deals them, and tual, if not more innocent, than the not on the stakes which have been “combinations" of players who have a made. But even if he saw all the bets, “system," and try to break the bank by he could not control the series in which means of calculations pricked on little the cards are to fall from his hands, nor


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