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and totally forgetting that a row of “The ceremony shall be performed glittering bayonets, surmounted with here, and you shall be my legal guide fire, was thrust into the wall above me, and principal witness,” said he. when a warm, uncomfortable feeling “It's not to be thought of,” said I upon my right shoulder caused me to with emphasis. “I know that young turn my head. An ambitious shoulder- woman; she's the daughter of one strap, glittering and new, with which I soldier, and about to become the wife had entered the hall, had disappeared, of another, and a military wedding she and in its place a frosting, still wet and must have." warm upon the top, composed of the “A military wedding!" said he, with drippings of many candles, occupied perplexity; "what's that?" its place. And under the shoulder- “ Leave the details to me-I'll call strap was a new coat, not easily re- you when you are wanted.” While he placed in the wilderness. I turned turned to his papers, I looked up the away in disgust.

adjutant. “ Turn out your best com“Will you come and see the princess pany,” said I, “and give me a detail of married ?” said the Lieutenant, as he musicians." The adjutant looked surlaid his hand on my arm.

prised, and would have questioned me. “Married ?” said I; “will Neptune “It's all right and according to orders. be there ?"

Richmond has fallen, you know.” He replied with provoking and literal The company was formed and inexactness, “ No, but the commanding spected, and then by my direction broofficer of the post will, and desires your ken into platoons--the captain having presence with his compliments." I found been taken into confidence. The bride him in his tent surrounded with papers, and bridegroom were placed between perplexed and almost indignant. A the platoons. Four drummers and as party of the junior officers were present, many fifers headed the column, which who were apparently urging him to do was drawn up near the tent of the comsomething to which he was disinclined. manding officer, and awaiting with

“ What am I to do about it?" said shouldered arms for his coming. I took he, as I entered. “These young gentle- his arm, and we fell in behind the bride men have persuaded that confounded and bridegroom. The word of comIndian that he must be married in mand was given, and to the single tap Christian fashion, and they have come of the drum we moved forward. to me to do it. You know we haven't “What nonsense is this?” said my any chaplain.”

friend, almost angrily. “ So much the better," said I, im- “No nonsense at all. We are going pressively.“ “We're living under mar- to the military wedding of the princess." tial law here. No one within a hundred What would have happened I know miles dares dispute your authority, bar- not, had not the column turned, and ring a few rebels," added I, as the promptly ascended the broad, slanting thought of last night's adventure flashed pathway that led into the Parker througb my mind; “but they are of no House. The sentry at the door had account now Richmond has fallen, and been instructed, and without a word, never were recognized, any way. You're with steady tramp we marched into the not merely the commander of the troops, ball-room. Halting in the full blaze but you are supreme within certain of the light, and amid the astonished limits, wherever within the enemy's gazers, the first platoon was faced country your power extends. You are about, and at the quick, sharp word of the Fountain of Honor, you are the command the butts of fourscore muskets State, you are the Church." Enough, crashed together to the floor. Turning enough,” said he, waving his hand in a to the commanding officer, I informed deprecating manner; and the officers him that we awaited his good pleasure. disappeared to carry the information. Astonished beyond measure as he was,

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he came gallantly up to the work. her usual expression-took its place. “Do they understand English ?" said She is human, then, thought I. Finally he, quietly.

they were pronounced man and wife; “ We have an interpreter,” and the and with loud words of command, soldier who had once belonged to the arms were presented, drums rattled, princess' tribe stood forth.

fifes screamed, and the ceremony was The bridegroom, a powerfully built man of more than twice the age of the “Is this farce or reality ?” said I, bride, showed a slight shade of anxiety half unconsciously. and perplexity on his face, which was “As they follow each other in life," marked with hard lines and traces of answered the Lieutenant gayly. “ You care. Wearing moccasins and leggins know what the Corsican said : ‘From fringed with hair, perhaps from horrid the sublime to the ridiculous is but a scalps which he himself had taken, the step.'” upper portion of his body was covered At length the ball broke up, and with a red shirt and a private's military Lieutenant de and myself were coat not much the worse for wear, and slowly moving towards his quarters in with buttons shining for the occasion. a distant part of the encampment, when Though commonplace, he looked well two strange figures passed us, making and powerful. Not so the bride. their way to the woods. One in adStrings of pretty white shells bound vance, unburdened with fardels, stepped up her hair, which was black and firmly out with light and sinewy tread; abundant. A clean new blanket was the other moved slowly, almost stagthrown over her shoulders, hanging gering under a pack, seemingly a load nearly to her feet, yet not wholly con- for a mule. To my horror I recognized cealing a sort of vest or bodice curi- the Indian brave and his new-made ously wrought with beads or small wife. many-colored shells. A petticoat of “And this is what my princess has buckskin reaching the knee, white come to-to be a slave and a pack-horse stockings, and a neat substantial boot for that man the gift of the admiring sutler-com- 66 True Indian fashion from time impleted the most of her attire, which memorial, however," said the Lieucould be taken in with a glance. Ear- tenant. rings, however, she wore, and finger- And if she's not Indian, she's not rings; and her hands and feet were human, thought I. Tired as we were, small.

we felt little inclination to sleep, and I In a few simple and well-chosen sat puffing a cigar restlessly at the enwords were explained to them the na- trance to the tent, when suddenly a ture of the ceremony, and the import- strange, wild cry, now sinking, now ance attached to it by the whites. I rising, plaintive yet powerful, and alwatched the bride with interest, to see most defiant, came distinctly from the if on this sacred occasion any signs of direction of the woods. It almost gratified pride or other human feeling stilled the beating of my heart to hear would be visible. Allusion was made it. “No owl made that cry," said to the long and painful journey from the Lieutenant, as if interpreting my the Far West which the bridegroom thoughts. I made no answer, but had made to claim his bride, and they puffed away gloomily. Five minutes were requested to join hands. As they after, the officer of the day rode up, did so, she looked up into his face with he having been out to inspect the outa momentary expression of feeling, so posts. womanly and tender, that I was hardly “ What cry was that in the direction prepared to believe it. In an instant, of the woods a few minutes ago

?" however, she recovered herself, and a “ That?” said he, laughing, but not look, not hard, but proud and cold, cheerfully, “it was that infernal Indian.

VOL. II.-12

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He nearly frightened the life out of me that howling devil through many weary as I passed him. It was his farewell to years, in distant lands and under other civilization, I suppose ;” and he rode skies, patiently bearing a hard lot for

his sake? Yes, for she is a woman too, And will she abandon the home of as weil as a princess. her childhood, the pleasant Land of " And she'll be the mother of men," Flowers, and even perchance the hope said I, as I turned myself in my blanof the Fountain of Youth, to follow ket.



On the 22d day of May, 1868, appear- selves, and Europe, that its choice of an ed at New York a remarkable embassy. ambassador has been Mr. Burlingame; It came from the far East, and it came and not because he is an American, but through the far West.

because he is inspired and impelled by Few failed to ask themselves—“What a generous and comprehensive spirit, does this imposing embassy inean, and which knows no other purpose but to how comes it that at its head stands a establish relations and organize an indistinguished citizen of the United tercourse, which shall benefit China, States ?" It is a pertinent question, and and at the same time be good for all demands an answer.

the world. Briefly then, it means that the Of his Chinese coadjutors we know oldest and most conservative of na- little, except that in their own land they tions, which for over four thousand are recognized as scholars and gentle. years has had a well-defined history and men; but two others are associated with civilization, which covers a vast portion him in this great work, Mr. Brown, of of the Asian world, which numbers in English birth, and Mr. Des Champs, of its peoples some four hundred millions French ; who, in the years they have of human beings, from whom have come been in China, have made themselves to the occidental world, paper, printing, masters of the language and the cusporcelain, the compass, gunpowder, and toms of China ; from all of them I have tea—this government of such a vast, obtained most valuable information, strange, and yet vital nation, from this some part of which I hope to present day abandons its old policy of isolation to the readers of “Putnam " in an acand individual development, and, yield- ceptable shape. ing to the pressure of the outside and I am sure that at this moment ali trading world, steps forth to take its that pertains to this far-off land and place in the family of nations, as one this peculiar people will have more than and an equal. It is an important event, ordinary interest, and the trouble is to and second to none in its magnitude, know what to tell in the limits of this and in the influence it is destined to paper; what is most desirable and inexert upon China first, and then upon teresting. Whatever it is will centre all the world. China has taken this about PEKING, which now contains a step after grave doubts, after many mis- population of one and a half million of givings; but already it was so compli- souls. What these people noro are we cated with other peoples and civiliza- may therefore attempt to know; but tions, that there seemed no other course who can venture to say, even to guess, open but to go forth fully and frank what they will be, even one hundred ly upon the ways of modern civiliza- years hence, when upon their wonderful tion.

industry, economy, and persistency, is We must congratulate China, and our- engrafted the vast power of our machinery and organization? Who can peror

and his court: the Emperor is a predict ? One thing is remarkable, that boy of but twelve years, son of the with all their conservatism and adora- second wife of the former Emperor; tion of the Past, they do accept and so that the first and second wives are adopt readily and quickly many of our now Empress dowagers, and equal in ways; as is evidenced by their applying rank and power. They are in a sort our systems of insurance, of telegraphs, regents, laving, however, but little abof army organizations, of gunboats, &c., solute power. The Emperor becomes &c.; all of which are now being rapidly of age at sixteen, when he assumes the adopted there.

powers of royalty. The Emperor's

, Peking * is an ancient city, whose name is Tsai-chun, which is never date we cannot fix. It was the residence employed in speaking or writing of of Kublai-Khan about the year 1264; or to him. The style of his reign is and in the year 1421 was established as Tung-Chih, which is used with more the capital city by Yung Lo, third em- reference to the Calendar than to the peror of the Ming dynasty, and has re- Emperor. During life he is only called mained so since that time.

“ The Emperor.” At his death a speIt is in the midst of a wide alluvial cial name will be given him, by which plain, in the northern part of the Em- he will ever be spoken of officially. pire, and not far from the “Great Wall," The name Tung-Chih means

“ Union which still stands. The city is enclosed in the cause of law and order." by a wall, faced with large brick, sixty It is often supposed that an Emperor to seventy feet in height; and is thirty is absolute, that his will is law, that his to sixty feet wide on the top. From this smile opens Paradise, and his frown is wall you look down upon the great city death. But this seems not to be so, not -or cities—its houses, temples, and even in China. If the Emperor proposes leafy gardens. Along the wall and at to issue a decree, to enact a law, it must its angles are large and high towers, be written out; then it is to be submitwhich are used for barracks for the ted to a secretary, or proper legal adguards, who always watch over the viser, who, familiar with the laws and city.

usages of China, pronounces for or It is divided into two parts, one the against it. If he is adverse, it may be Tartar, or Manchu, the other the Chi- submitted to another jurisconsult; but nese city. The Tartar city has three unless the proposed decree is acceded to enclosures, one within the other, the by another tribunal than the Emperor, centre of all being the Emperor's city, it does not become a law. -sometimes called “ The Forbidden At the head of the cabinet is now City"--containing the imperial palaces Prince Kung. He is a kind of prime and their surroundings. Here the roofs minister, and really represents the govare covered with yellow porcelain, the ernment. Associated with him are color of royalty, which glitter in the three to five, who form a sort of Cabishining sun. Here is a vast assemblage net, and who, although not recognized of palaces, pavilions, porticos, devoted by any Constitution, are the real adto the Emperor and the ladies and at- visers and rulers of China. The Grand tendants of the royal household. In the Secretariat, however, is the highest centre of the great flower-garden, in legal official body, and is next to the which grow a variety of trees, stands Emperor. It is a body of six memthe palace of the Emperors. The prin- bers—three of whom are Tartars and cipal gate or entrance to this is called three Chinese. They are, or were lately, the gate of the Midday Sun, for through as follows: it walks forth the Emperor himself. A few words as to the present Em


Wo-Jin Tartars, or Manchus. * For Pei, north, and King, capital.



perors, and the changing of dynasties, Tsung-Kuoh Fan


the laws and constitutions of China Lo-Ping Chang

never change. They remain-a pater

nal despotism, founded upon the idea of A person to be appointed to this post must bave taken the highest literary degree at bis

the family, of which the Emperor is outset in life. The members of the Grand head. Secretariat, as such, have little immediate in- of the private life of the Emperor fluence in affairs. Their chief duty is to re

and his Queens we can know but little, ceive all imperial decrees, see that the action

for but little is known even in China. taken on them is in accordance with the law of the land, and to forward them to their des. Besides his city palaces, he has his countination,

try palaces among the hills some twelve Government action is taken either on the or fifteen miles from the city, where, direct action of the Emperor or his immediate during the intense heats of summer, he advisors, or on memorials presented by the

seeks the delights of coolness and verhigh authorities of the capital or provinces. In ordinary cases, the mode of procedure is as

dure. One of these great palaces was follows: the memorial is forwarded through a

rifled and burned by the English and board of registration to the office of the Grand French troops in their advance upon Council, where it is used and suggestions are Peking in 1860. It was described as a made, or draft of a decree drawn up for action

luxurious and delicious retreat. thereon. This is laid before the throne, and if approved, is sent to the Grand Secretariat to

The Button of the Mandarin or dig. be copied and despatched.

nitary all have heard of, but so far I A peculiar feature of the central gov. is a symbol of rank worn on the top of

have seen nothing which defines it. It ernment is a body of men who may be

the cap, and is of nine varieties, exknown as censors, “Imperial reminders," "Eyes and Ears of the Emperor.”

pressing so many degrees of official dis

tinction : 1. the plain coral; 2. the figThey visit different portions of the Em

ured coral ; 3. the blue-transparent; 4. pire, either openly or secretly, to ex•

the blue-dark; 5. the white-transparamine and report. They may, and often do, memorialize the government, cen

ent; 6. the white-opake; 7. the plain suring its own acts in most positive

gold; 8. the figured gold; 9. the silver, terms, and they do this with impunity.

To Peking are gathered the taxes of A brief extract from Williams' “ Mid

the Empire, many of which are paid in dle Kingdom” will illustrate two things:

kind, so that there exist within the first, the freedom of these censors; and

walls vast granaries and storehouses for secon.], the fact that queens are prone to

their reception. The land immediately

surrounding the city is dry and unproextravagance :

ductive, and it demands irrigation ; so They recommend, therefore, a reduction in

that most of the food is brought from a the disbursements of the imperial establish

distance. ment. Among the items mentioned by these oriental Joseph Humes, which they consider

Clustered around the imperial centre extravagant, are a lac of taels * (100,000) for is another enclosure, sometimes called flowers and rouge in the seraglio, and 120,000 the "Flag City," or "Imperial City," in salaries for waiting-boys: two lacs were

where live the various princes and offiexpended on the gardens of Yuenming, and almost half a million of taels upou the parks

cials and their attendants. The color of of Jeh-ho, while the salaries to officers and

the roofs here is green. Gathered about presents to women at Yuenming were over them, too, is the vast army of the nafour lacs.

tion, estimated as counting in Peking They proposed to abolish these “ fool- nigh half a million of men. ish expenditures." Very frank, indeed ! This Tartar city is separated from the

Let it be borne in mind that through Chinese city by a wall and gates, and all its bistory, through all wars and contains about fifteen square miles. convulsions, even the deposing of Em- The Chinese city, also protected by

walls, is somewhat smalier, but more * A tael is one dollar and three sevenths. populous.


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