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represented by Thad. Stevens. Served in to afford protection and peace to all, and to Congress till 1831, when he was appointed administer the laws with economy. by Jackson Minister to Russia. His early -As the present session of Congress course in Congress was with the Federal draws to its close, the most important quesparty, but favoring a tariff for revenue, with tions before it have been those relating incidental protection only, opposing foreign to revenue and the finances. Down to the alliances and the acquisition of Cuba by any month of June Congress had adopted no European power except Spain. He succecded revenue policy, save to relieve our domestic Daniel Webster as Chairman of the Judiciary industry from a share of its burdens by Committee, and on returning from St. Peters- striking off about $70,000,000 of taxes, burg in 1833 was elected to the United mainly from our manufactures. Mr. Schenck, States Senate. He sustained Jackson, and for the Committee of Ways and Means, bad as early as 1835 became a champion of slavery reduced the tax laws to one elaborate act, by taking the position that Congress had no which included some important norelties, jurisdiction over the question of slavery in and contemplated a reduction of the tax on the territories or elsewhere. By President whiskey and tobacco to such rates as ConPierce he was appointed Minister to England, gress should deem it practicable to collect. took a famous part in the Ostend conference, The chief feature of Scherck's bill was the and returning to the United States in 1856, increased power of removing and appointwas nominated by the Cincinnati Convention ing his subordinates, and organizing bis defor President. He was elected by a minority partment, which the bill placed in the hands of the popular vote over Fremont and Fill- of the Revenue Commissioner. It proposed more, and thus obtained the high position to give this officer sole power over and readequate to the display of his personal weak sponsibility for the revenue department, inness, which formed one of the dramatic cle. stead of dividing the power as at present ments in the disgraceful period that preceded between him and the President and Secrethe great rebellion. His administration dur- tary of the Treasury. It authorized him to ing the organization of the rebellion is sum- appoint and remove all collectors, assessors, med up in the single strict-constructionist and supervisors of the revenue, to change sophism, that while the States had no power the revenue districts, and to enforce disci. to secede the Government had no power to pline. These features in the bill were deprevent them. He published a work in de- feated, and as the result a distinct bill has fence of his adıninistration, but his plea, like been reported combining only such features bis client, was of mediocre ability. He was of Mr. Schenck's bill as relate to the taxes a man well adapted to be great in little things, on distilled spirits and tobacco. and consequently little in great things.
-The Currency act passed by the Senate -William Lloyd Garrison has been made on June 17th, provides that it shall be a misthe recipient of a national testimonial of demeanor to pay any public officer for making $33,000, by voluntary contribution of his deposits of public moneys in any National countrymen, as a tribute for his services in bank, and that currency may be issued to behalf of emancipation. A proposition bas banks in States having less than $5 per head also been started among the colored men of of National Bank currency, provided that it the South to raise a similar testimonial of be withdrawn from the banks of those States $35,000 by contributions not exceeding one baving more currency than the quota allowed cent each by the freedmen, to be presented by the National Banking law. to General Howard in recognition of bis - The nomination of General George B. services to their race at the head of the McClellan as Minister to England having Freedmen's Burcau.
been reported adversely by the Committee -The letter of General Grant of May on Foreign Affairs, the President, on June 29th, accepting the Republican nomination 12th, nominated Senator Reverdy Johnson at Chicago, is a model of brevity and point. for that office. The high esteem in which It declares that the proceedings of the Con- he is held by his brother Senators is indivention were marked by moderation and cated by the fact that though politically opwisdom, that he endorses their resolutions, posed to nearly three fourths of the memthat it is impolitic to lay down in advance bers of that body, they immediately and any administrative policy to be pursued, unanimously confirmed the nomination, withright or wrong, but that he shall always out waiting even to refer it to a committee. respect the will of the people, and endeavor The Senate will lose one of its ablest and
most influential members, and the mission -The Schützenfest or third annual festival near the Court of St. James will be filled by of the American Shooting Society, held at one whose great abilities as a lawyer leave New York, by its magnitude and success evinno room to doubt bis success as a diplomat- ces the growing taste for physical and athletic ist.
sports which is being impressed in part by — The Chinese Embassy, of which Mr. our German population upon American social Burlingame is chief, were received on June life. It began June 27th with an official re5th by the President, and subsequently by ception of delegations or Schützenbunds the Senate and House ; and by the citizens from all parts of the Union, at the Germania of New York at a public dinner. In bis Assembly Rooms, an address by Mayor Hoffspeeches on these occasions Minister Burlin- man, and presentation of banners. On Mongame stated as the object of his mission the day June 29th a grand parade and excursion cultivation of relations of international in- to Jones's Wood, Gen. Franz Sigel acting as dependence and equality between the marshal. The shooting then continued each Chinese empire and the Western nations, in day, with distribution of prizes, music, dansupersession of the policy of force and in- cing, wrestling, fencing, foot-racing, ropetimidation heretofore so frequently pursued walking, balloon ascensions, and other athby the Western nations toward the Orient- letic sports until July 6th, when the official als.
distribution of prizes closed the fest. An im-Senator Sherman presented a report and mense assemblage pot only of Germans but bill in favor of unifying our specie currency Americans testified the popularity of this no with that of France, by reducing the standard vel feature in American life. of our American dollar to the five francs - The growing success and favor which (94 cents) of France. Senator Morgan pre- attend the costly amusement of yachting are sented a report opposing the policy as tending proofs of the increasing wealth and leisure of from unity rather than toward it, until Great our people, and their gradual tendency toBritain and other pations shall first adopt the ward those more expensive and artistic pleasFrench standards.
ures which mark the culminating periods in the --At the session of the U.S. Circuit Court lives of individuals, nations, and races. The at Richmond before Chief-Justice Chase on New York Yacht Club, founded in 1814, now June 3d, the trial of Jefferson Davis, by stip- numbers 400 members and 41 vessels, of which ulation of the District Attorney and counsel, 28 are schooners, 12 sloops and i steamer. Its was postponed to the fourth Monday of No- victories in the European races entitle is to vember,
rank as the champion of the seas.
It has re. -On June 29th the House of Representa- cently purchased one of the most elegant privtives, on motion of Mr. Cobb (Republican), ate residences which characterize the suburbs of Wisconsin, passed a resolution instructing of New York, as a club-house. Pretty, quaint the Committee of Ways and Means, to report architecture, capacious grounds with drives, a bill taxing the interest on the national coach-house, trees, shrubbery, gardens, and bonds 10 per cent. per annum, to be deducted flowers, adorn the exterior of the new headat the time of payment. This inchoate act of quarters of the club at Clifton, Staten Island, national infidelity and repudiation received while the interior is furnished with much taste 92 ayes to 55 noes. The ayes were 31 Dem. and a view to comfort and elegance. The and 61 Rep.; the noes 2 Dem. and 53 Rep. 21st annual regatta occured June 18th and If such treachery could be consummated 19th, and was won by S. T. Lorillard's yacht in the Senate, it would strike the most Magic. The regatta of the Brooklyn and disastrous blow yet given to the national Columbian Yacht Clubs also attracted intercredit.
est, though of a more local character. -Heber C. Kimball, the second officer of -The National Democratic Convention met the Mormon Church and regular successor, at the city of New York on the 4th day of had he survived, to Brigham Young, died at July. On the 6th, Horatio Seymour was Salt Lake City, June 22d, in the 67th year of his elected permanent President, with one Viceage. He became a Mormon in 1832, contem. President and one Secretary from cach State. poraneously with Brigham Young, was the The President was escorted to his chair by first Mormon missionary to England, and has Ex-Gov. Bigler, of Penn., and Wade Hampfor many years, with Brigham Young and ton, of S. C. The resolutions declare, David C. Wells, formed the first Presidency That the Democratic pariy, reposing trust in or Supreme Triumvirate of the Church. the intelligence and justice of the people, and
Eighth.-Demande equal rights and protection for nativo and adopted citizeus against the doctrine of immutable allegiance; denounces the usur. pation and tyranny of the Radical party in its vio.
of the pledge to conduct the war only for the preservation of the Union, whereas it has sube jugated States, overthrown freedom of speech and of the press, established a system of espionage, disregarded the Ilabeas Corpus, converted the pational capitol into a bastile, repealed the appellate and threatened to destroy the original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court, and maligned the Chief Justice for his integrity and impartiality on the trial of the President.
standing upon the Constitution, recognizing slavery and secession an settled by the war or voluntary action of the Southern States, and the agitation thereof never to be renewed ; do demand,
First.-The immediate restoration of all the Southern States. (Chcers.)
Second.-Amnesty for all political offences; the right of suffrage in all the states to be controlled by the people hereof.
Third. --The payment of the public debt, where the obligations do not expressly state on their face, or the law under which they were issued does not provide payment in coin, should be paid in the lawful money of the United States.
Fourth.-Equal taxation of all property, including Government bonds. (Cheers.)
Fifth.-One currency for the Government and people, laborer and office-holder, pensioner and sollier, producer and bondholder. (Great cheers.)
Sixth.--Economy in administration, reduction in the Army and Navy, abolition of the Freedmen's Bureau (cheer-), and of the inquisitorial modes of collecting Revenne, and such reduction of tariffs and equal internal taxation as, without diminishing our Revenue, will atford incidental protection to American manufactures.
Seventb.-Subordination of military to the civil pover.
On the first ballot the vote stood : English, 121; Hancock, 401; Pendleton, 104; Parker, 151; Church, 33 ; Packer, 26; Andrew Johnson, 52; Doolittle, 121; Hendricks, 2; Reverdy Johnson, 8; F. P. Blair, 104 ; Thos. Ewing, Jr., t. Six ballots were taken on the 7th ult., but at the time our record closed, on the afternoon of the 8th, no choice had been effected.
The Life and Death of Jason, By Wu. Morris.- The Earthly Paradise, By Wm. Morris. (Roberts Bros.) It is about a year since Mr. Morris's first poem was published, and was heartily welcomed, especially by the English critics. At the head of his eulogists was Algernon Charles Swinburne, who, like himself, bad first appeared as a Greek storyteller, and who hailed the new poet as a second Chaucer. Without being convinced of the justice of all Mr. Swinburne's enthusiasm about his friend, an enthusiasm as highlycolored as his own poetry, it is nevertheless impossible to read Jason without very great pleasure. The exquisite simplicity of the style, the grace and easy flow of the lines, and tone of truthfulness and serious intent which pervade its beautiful descriptions, made us forget the want of grander thought, or more intense dramatic power. It was all that it seemed meant to be, a beautifully told story in verse, and therewith we were content. But it would not do to compare it with “ Atalanta in Calydon,” for instance, except in faithfulness of local coloring. There is no such poetry in all “Jason ” as we find in the choruses of “ Atalanta ;” no such dramatic presentation of character, no such power of imagination. But then Morris bas none of the
sugary sensuality" of Swinburne, is equally free from his highest virtues and his gravest faults, from his strength and bis weakness, from the daring of his genius, and the reckless extravagance of his color.
The chief characteristic of his poetry is its exquisite finish and its perfect purity and evenness of style. We look in vain through the three hundred pages of Jason for a dozen lines which shall linger in our memories when the charm of the sweetly-told story is at an end. There are none of those
“ Jewels five-words-long That on the stretched forefinger of all Time
Sparkle forever." But in the “Earthly Paradise we have more and better than we had hoped. It is rare, indeed, that a poet gives us a volume of seven hundred pages within a year of its predecessor, and still more rare that in that time should be so much vement. The poem describes the adventures of a party of Norsemen in search of the Happy Isles. After long, fruitless wanderings, the remnant of the voyagers settle down among a peaceful western folk, to whom, upon occasions of solemn festival, they relate the stories of their early lives, stories learned in their distant homes, of many lands and peoples. We have here twelve tales in verse, for six months of the year, the others being promised to follow very shortly. The introduction is very beautiful, particularly the first verse : “ Of Heaven or Hell I have no power to sing, I cannot ease the burden of your fears, Or make quick-coming Death a little thing, Or bring again the pleasure of past years, Not for my words shall ye forget your tears, Or hopc again for aught that I can say, The idle singer of an empty day."
He cannot paint for you, either, a figure or find more frequent traces of the finer gold of a landscape with a single felicitous touch, as poetry; the diction rises continually to a can our master-artist Tennyson; his poetry higher level than in some of the tales, in is never in the least subjective, nor can he which there seems little absolute necessity for give you a strongly-marked character with a
the poetic form. We might go through all touch of his pen, like Browning, for his peo- the Son of Cræsus, for instance, or the Watchple are all gray-eyed, and generally golden- ing of the Falcon, without finding any such haired, and might be as well described as a lines as these : king, a shepherd, a priest, a goddess, a fay, as
"the night by any names he chooses to give them. But
Grew dreamy with a shadowy sweet delight." why should we quarrel with a harp because it
“Her lovely shadow even now did pass is not a violin ?The notes of his instrument
Along the changeless fields, oft looking back, may be few, but they are exceedingly sweet. As though it yet had thought of some great lack." Though his pictures are composed of few
" But Time, who slays so many a memory, colors, and the “brown bee" as inevitably Brought hers to light, the short-lived loving appears in them as the stars and the sea in
Queen; Alexander Smith's, they are none the less
And her fair soul, as scent of flowers unseen,
Sweetened the turmoil of long centuries," full of tenderness and truth, Of the twelve tales contained in this volume, six are from After Alcestis, in order of excellence, comes Grecian bistory and the others legends of perhaps the Cupid and Psyche. A greater various times and countries. The finest poem genius would probably have given us more of of all, for interest of subject, dignity of treat- the spiritual aspects of the fable, but we will ment, and flashes of real poetic fire, is the not quarrel with our poet, who has told us Love of Alcestis. In this lovely tale we are the old, old story in his sweetest words. He told how Admetus, assisted by Apollo, who has not succeeded perhaps in preserving the serves him as a herdsman, wins to wife the interest up to the end, but is this altogether daughter of King Pelias, and how Alcestis, his fault, or is it partly the result of that when her husband's time comes to die, saves idiosyncrasy of human nature which leads us his life by giving her own in his stead. In to love the best “the songs that make us the course of this poem occurs perhaps the grieve." The picture of Psyche wandering finest passage in the whole book, the farewell through the world after she has lost her love, and departure of Apollo. The god, in a speech is most beautifully drawn, of exquisite beauty and dignity, bids adieu to
"Like a thin dream she passed the clattering town," the earth,
is one of Mr. Morris's felicities of expression. “ This handful, that within its little girth
And above all, and through all the grace Holds that which moves you so, O men that die ;”
and simplicity of the narrative, the music of and after promising Admetus assistance in his
the flowing verse, the vividness of the lightly last extremity,
sketched pictures, is the exquisite purity of “ He ccased, but ere the golden tongue was still thought, which pervades the book like an An odorous mist had stolen up the hill,
atmosphere. It is lovely with the perfume And to Admetus first the god grew dim,
of a beautiful soul and a sweet imagination. And then was but a lovely voice to him, And then at last the sun had sunk to rest,
Its tender moonlight effects, its dreamy And a fresh wind blew lightly from the west music, soothe us to sleepy peace. It is a Over the hill-top, and no soul was there;
book preëminently for lovers and lazy people; But the sad dying autumn field-flowers fair, Rustled dry leaves about the windy place,
a book to carry into the country and read Where even now had been the god-like face,
under a tree, with a little brook keeping time And in their midst the brass-bound quiver lay." to the flowing lines; a book to loiter and Could there be any thing in the way of
dream over, not to analyze and criticise. simple narrative lovelier than this picture ? a What should we do? Thou wouldst not have ns We seem to stand among the “sad dying wake autumn field-flowers fair » and
From out the arms of this rare happy dream,
And wish to leave the murmur of the stream, Admetus at the vanishing divinity, till the
The rustling boughs, the twitter of the birds, last ray of the celestial brightness has depart- And all the thousand peaceful happy words ? " ed, and we turn to see only a "gray-haired shepherd driving down” the woolly sheep Hurd and Houghton have published an exthat must learn now to obey the voice of cellent sketch of the Official Life of Governor mortal herdsman. Throughout this poem we Andrew. It is written by Albert G, Brown,
who was the Governor's private secretary and a comprehensive personal memoir of the most intimate friend, and came to his task author, enriched by a series of her private with a sufficiency of preparation that would correspondence. This tribute to her memory bave justified a more elaborate account of the has been deferred beyond the usual period departed statesman, That Mr. Brown pre- of these posthumous attentions to so distin. ferred to give us only this sketch is less to be guished a reputation. Miss Edgeworth died regretted, as a full biography is in course of nearly twenty years ago, at a very advanced preparation by Mr. Edwin P. Whipple, who age; and her illustrious friends and comwill bring to it every needed qualification. panions in letters, who gave such glory to The dedication of the present work to General the opening nineteenth century, have been Grant, with Andrew's endorsement of him so long gathered to their repose, that their beneath, suggests the proverb about killing biographers even seem, in our recollection, two birds with one stone. It will no doubt to be invested with a distant and classic inmake the book more useful as a campaign terest. In some notable instances, as with document, but it would be as well if we could Scott and Byron, the biographers have folhave been permitted to regard it as a grateful lowed their heroes to the land of shadows. souvenir with no ulterior aim,
We are under the imp sion that this apIn speaking of this sketch as excellent, we parent neglect in the case of Miss Edgeworth must not be understood to praise its author has been due to her expressed wishes on the for any original contribution to our knowledge subject, forbidding her papers to be used for of the Governor's character. He has strung a work of the kind. She may bave been led together gracefully enough the main facts in to this check on her successors by her obserHistory, has given a pleasant enough account vation of the careless or injudicious employof his habits of work and some of his personal ment of such materials; by an innate modesty, traits, and for the rest has drawn largely upon shrinking from revelations to the public of her sketches that have already found their way personal history; or, perhaps, more than all, into the public eye. But the original matter by the pain which she must have experienced and the selections are woven neatly together, at the untoward reception by the critics of and make a whole that will serve us very well the memoirs of her father, which, left ununtil Whipple's larger work admits us to a finished by him as an autobiography, she had more complete appreciation of the man, his completed and published after his death. Be character, and work. We gather from this that as it may, silence with regard to her life book that John A. Andrew was about as has been, up to the present tine, religiously sturdy a growth of American manhood as has preserved by her family; nor is the seal yet been seen in these last days. He seems to broken, at least so far as the public is conhave been absolutely without fear, He did cerned, though the curiosity of that omnivorwhat he thought was right, no matter what ous body has been already partially gratified. others might think. He had a great big If you would keep anything quiet, tell it to heart, as several of these stories amply show, nobody; certainly, do not print it. The an active brain, an indomitable will, an in- family of Miss Edgeworth, or certain of her dustry that never tired. He was a man after successors in possession of her manuscripts, Dr. Johnson's own heart, for he was “a good have, it appears, recently privately printedbater.” He was perfectly frank and generous “not published"-a “Memoir, with a Selecand sincere ; not a man to be trifled with or tion of her Letters," the Memoir being writ. thwarted, and yet a man to be most deeply ten by Miss Edgeworth's step-mother, the reverenced and loved. Nothing in this book fourth and last wife of Robert Lovell Edgewill recall him so vividly as the fine photo. worth, and edited by her surviving children. graph of him that faces the title-page. How It is a book of abundant materials, extending different from Lincoln's lean and haggard to three volumes. A copy of this has fallen face! Yet, next to Lincoln, and Stanton per- into the hands of an Edinburgh Reviewer, haps, the weight of our great struggle was who treats his readers to copious extracts, heaviest upon him.
with an intelligent and respectful commen
tary on the whole. In entering upon this Every reader of the present day, whose work, while he admits that it is “doubtful" childhood was nourished with the rare intel. whether the rich materials of private corres. lectual banquet which, some thirty years ago, pondence, “spirited descriptions, curious fed the youthful mind in the popular writings anecdotes, and sound remarks on things and of Maria Edgeworth, will hail the promise of people,” to which he bas privileged access,