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cal and statistical to prove. We have no folly, or, as in Marquis Tweed's case, one of objection to Toledo's being the greatest city the ways our American Democracy takes to in the world, if it can, especially as we shall prove its essential identity with Aristocracy. have departed from the planet before the hun. People of sense in this country, Mr. Whitdred years she requires will have elapsed, more may be assured, do not trouble their and shall be profoundly indifferent to the de- heads about coats-of-arms, and, in nine cases cline in value of our real estate which will out of ten, those who have inherited them do follow the decreasing importance of New not care enough about them to wear them, or York. Meanwhile, we may venture to ex

to exbibit them on their coach-panels or on press a wish that the future greatest city of their plate. As for the proposed tax on coats. the world bad a name of her own, and that of-arms, while we have no objection to its being her first settlers had not shared the folly of levied, we do not believe the money raised by the settlers of Central New York in naming it will go far toward paying the national debt their villages after the greatest and most fa- on the one hand, nor that, on the other, the mous cities of the past. On this account, if measure will have any influence in putting an on no other, since it seems the Fates allow us end to the, perhaps, harmless folly of assuma choice, we prefer to believe that Chicago, ing coats-of-arms, whether they be the product rather than Toledo, is the place Berkeley had of the wearer's fancy, or stolen from some in his mind's eye.

lawful proprietor, as in the case of Marquis Tweed. In a country, however, where every

wealthy Smith contrives, by hook or crook, to Apropos of Mr. Chanler's proposal in twist himself into something else—a Smythe, the House of Representatives to levy a tas or a Smyth; where every Cook is a Cooke, upon armorial-bearings, we mention a pamph and every Tailor, a Taylor, or a Tayleure, let by Mr. W. H. Whitmore, called “ Reasons there will always be people who will try in for the Regulation of the use of Coat-Armor various ways to conceal, or to falsely exalt, an in the United States, including a Plan for Tax- origin, which, however respectable and honest ing the Employment of such Insignia.” Mr. in reality, may seem to them, from its connecWhitmore is evidently an enthusiast upon a tion with labor and poverty, vulgar and dissubject which, however interesting it may be creditable. In such a country it is pleasant to antiquaries, can never, we should think, to see, as we saw the other day, on the coach. be of serious interest to any other persons. panel of a wealthy apothecary of this city, If, as he asserts, it is evident that the assump- no coat of arms, but a simple shield bearing tion of coat-armor is daily growing more and the initial letter of his widely and honorably more frequent in our cities, we look upon known name, and, for crest a mortar-and. it as only one of the forms of fashionable pestle.

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fort and architectural beauty indispenIt was a clear, intensely cold morn- sable in a house; and any thing which ing, on the coast of Penjinsk Gulf. answered the prime requisite of shelter Although it was nearly ten o'clock, the was accepted as a house, whatever might sun had not yet risen, but the single be its generic name, and how much so white star in the east quivered faintly, ever it might be lacking in other less and more faintly, in the widening orange important particulars. In fact, we of dawn, and the snowy mountains of availed ourselves of its shelter less with Kamenoi came out in more and more a view to comfort, than with the thought distinct relief against the deepening of lifting ourselves for the moment out flush of daybreak. A profound silence of our daily barbarous life, and connectreigned around the lonely yourt in the ing by association with the great civilwoods which skirted the river, and but ized world of which the house was a for the loaded sledges which stood type. among the trees, and the dogs, curled As day slowly dawned, the howling up like black balls on the snow, of our wolfish dogs roused us from that would not have imagined that the huge deep sleep which only tired men know, snow-drift before him was a human and we groped our way out of the dark habitation.

subterranean hut into the fresh crisp air The dilapidated and long-deserted of one of the most charming winter yourt, covered by the drifting snows of mornings which ever dawned on earth. a Siberian winter, was temporarily ten- The scene which met our eyes was disanted by one of the exploring parties of tinctively Siberian in every particular: the Russo-American Telegraph Com- the wonderfully clear, transparent atpany, which was making its way across mosphere, the dense gray mist hanging the vast steppes which border this part motionless over the open water of the of the Okhotsk Sea, toward the Russian Gulf, the vast snowy steppe stretching settlement of Ghijiga. The but, long away from the fringe of timber to the abandoned by its native builders and white spectral mountains in the disfallen to decay, was not particularly tance, and the dogs and sledges grouped attractive as a residence; but three carelessly here and there among the months of active open-air life had very trees in the foreground, all composed a materially modified the views of our picture which has no counterpart outparty with regard to the degree of com- side of North-Eastern Asia. As a glit

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the year 1888, dy fi, r, TUTXAM & sox, in the Clerk'. Once of the District Court of the U. 8. for the southera District of N. T. VOL. II.-17

tering segment of the sun appeared his eye turned again to the westward between the distant cloud-like peaks of across the dim blue lake, the vast outKamenoi, the scene was one of enchant- lines of the mirage still confronted him ing beauty. The horizontal rays of in their unearthly beauty, and the light, colored by some subtle influence “ cloud-capped towers and gorgeous of atmosphere, seemed not merely to palaces" seemed by their mysterious throw an external flush upon the objects solemnity to rebuke the doubt which which they touched, but to fairly trans- would ascribe them to a dream. And fuse and imbue them with a deep glow yet, what could it be called but an to their very centre, as if the rosy light Oriental dream, tantalizing us with were internal, and shone out through visions which could not be realized, a translucent medium. The bircles and mocking us in the desolation of around the yourt, covered heavily with our Northern steppes with the unattainfrost by the vapor from the open water able glories of the tropics. The bright of the Gulf, were lit up with a glory apparition faded-glowed, and faded indescribable. Not only did every again into indistinctness, and from its branch and delicate twig flash and ruins rose two colossal pillars, sculptsparkle like a string of jewels, but they ured from rose-quartz, which gradually seemed imbued by the red light of sun- and almost imperceptibly united their rise with color like rose-quartz. The capitals and formed a Titanic arch like birch which overbụng the yourt was the grand portal of Heaven, through one intricate network of rosy lines, re- which one almost expected to see, passlieved by dazzling rainbow flashes of ing and repassing, the bright inhabitlight as the gentle morning-air stirred ants of another world. These in turn the branches. It was the very apothco- melted into an extensive fortress with sis of a tree.

massive bastions and buttresses, flankI thought of the Parsees and their ing towers and deep embrasures, and fire-worshipping creed, and wondered salient and reëntering angles, whose no longer that they deified the luminary shadows and perspective were as nat

w which produced such wondrous effects. ural as reality itself. Imagine this magAs I stood in silent admiration by the nificent mirage suffused with a soft rosedoor of the hut, a voice at my side ex- color by the rays of the rising sun, and claimed, “See the mirage !” and turning the reader will be able perhaps to form toward the western horizon, I beheld a a faint idea of one of the most beauti. tangible realization of the gorgeous ful of Northern phenomena. None of dreams of the opium-eater. The wand the many strange optical deceptions of the Northern Enchanter had touched dependent upon refraction, which are so the far-away mountains, and out of a prevalent in the far North, can compare blue lake in the distance rose the walls with this in beauty and striking effect. and dome of “a city not builded with While yet lingering to catch the last hands ”—a vast Oriental city, whose glimpse of the fading mirage, my poetiuncertain outlines shimmered tremu- cal reverie was abruptly terminated by lously, as if seen through currents of the beating of a knife-handle on a messheated air. Around the borders of the pan in the yourt, followed by a remark lake masses of dark foliage seemed to from Ford, to the effect that a man who overhang the water and to be reflected had no music in his soul and was not from its depths, while the white walls moved by the concord of an extempore above just caught the first flush of the kettle-drum, wasn't fit to have any rising sun. Never was the illusion of breakfast, and probably wouldn't have, Sumnier w Wiuter, cf Life in Death, —a delicate insinuation that breakfast v.ore palpable or more perfect. One was ready. It had the desired effect. The almost instinctively glanced around to æsthetical gave way to the gastronomiassure himself, by the sight of familiar cal, and I seated myself on a board, tin objects, that it was not a dream; but as plate in hand, for breakfast.

Never before, I believe, had the black set out with a discomfited ai in quest walls of that underground hut echoed of his own boots," that the haythin' to the sound of cheery American laugh- didn't parley - voo his own lingo ! * ter and trans-oceanic jokes; but if Tom started with the supposition that smoke-dried logs have any appreciation all heathen spoke the same language, of the humorous, they must have found and as Koraks and Chinese were both it, as we did, decidedly more entertain- heathen, the inference was obvious. ing than the solemn bass-drum and His premises were faulty, but his logic wild native chant of former occupants. was impregnable.

To breakfast succeeded the prosaic Gradually our energetic Cossacks every-day duty of harnessing dogs, pack- brought order out of the prevailing ing sledges, and preparing, amid gen- confusion, and one by one the sledges eral confusion, for a start. The dogs departed, and the long line wound in a jerked with impatient barks and whine tortuous course across the steppe. at their restraining harness; cries and I had been studying attentively for questions in Russian and English, and several weeks the art or science, whichunintelligible but undoubted profanity ever it be, of dog-driving, with the in Korak, woke the echoes of the silent laudable ambition of attaining future woods and startled the Siberian dryads distinction among the natives, in the from a century of lethargic sleep. The capacity of “ kiour.” I had found by deep and sonorous Russian mingled some experience that these unlettered strangely with the sibilant English and Koraks estimated a man not so much guttural Korak; and a listener might by what he knew that they did not, as well imagine, as Ford remarked, that by what he knew concerning• matters “ Babel had broken loose." Our Irish- with which they themselves were conman, Tom, laboring apparently under versant; and I determined to demonthe mistaken impression that, in order strate, even to their darkened underto be understood by the natives, he had standings, that the knowledge of civilionly to talk like an intoxicated China- zation was universal in its application, man in California, shouted in stentorian and that the white man, notwithstandtones, “Me say, John, you no sabe ing his disadvantage in color, could prenesee my bootee, eh?” To which the drive dogs better by intuition than they native replied with imperturbable grav- could by the aggregated wisdom of cenity, but with doubtful relevancy, “How turies ; that in fact he could, if necesyou do Goddam no sabe ; " which formed sary, " evolve the principles of dogthe sum-total of his English acquisi. driving out of the depths of his moral tions, but which unfortunately left the consciousness.” I must confess, howquestion of Tom's boots in a state of ever, that I was not a thorough convert misty uncertainty. Nothing daunted, to my own ideas; and I therefore did Tom hailed him again, varying his in- not disdain to avail myself of the reterrogatory this time with a little more sults of native experience as far as they Chinese and a little less English and coincided with my own convictions as Russian. The native was nonplussed, to the nature of the True and Beautiful but like a skilful tactician he evaded in dog-driving. I had watched every the responsibility of the boots by taking motion of my Korak driver, had learned refuge in his own language. Tom was theoretically the manner of thrusting evidently meditating the introduction

the spiked stick between the uprights into his next question of several forcible of the runners into the snow to act as a Chinese expletives, by way of quicken- brake, had committed to memory and ing the native's perceptions, when Ford, practised assiduously the guttural monwho was listening with a smile of amuse- osyllables which meant in dog-language ment, told him that the native didn't “ right” and “left," as well as many understand a word he said. "An' who others which did not, but which I had wud a' thought,” grumbled Tom, as he heard addressed to dogs; and I“laid the

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flattering unction to my soul” that I seemed rather to have come from the could drive as well as a Korak, if not depths of my immoral unconsciousness. better. To my inexperienced eye it was “Why, you reckless reprobate,” I exas easy as losing money in California claimed, impressively, “didn't you mining-stocks. On this day, therefore, teach me those words yourself ?” as the road was good and the weather “Certainly I did," was the unabashed propitious, I decided to put my ideas, reply; “but you didn't ask me what original as well as acquired, to the test they meant; you asked how to pro. of practice. I accordingly motioned nounce them correctly, and I told you, my Korak driver to take a back seat I didn't know but that you were makand deliver up to me the insignia of ing researches in comparative philology office. I observed in the expression of trying to prove the unity of the huhis lips, as he handed me the spiked man race by identity of oaths, or by a stick, a sort of latent smile of ridicule, comparison of profanity to demonstrate which indicated a very low estimate of that the Digger Indians were legitimy dog-driving abilities; but I treated mately descended from the Chinese. it as Knowledge should always treat the You know that your head (which is a sneers of Ignorance, with silent con- pretty good one in other respects) altempt; and seating myself firmly ways full of such nonsense." astride the sledge back of the arch, I “ Dodd," I observed, with a solemnity shouted to the dogs, “ Noo! Pashol !,” which I intended should awaken reMy voice failed to produce the startling pentance in his hardened sensibilities, effect which I had anticipated. The “I have been betrayed unwittingly into leader—a grim, bluff Nestor of a dog the commission of sin, and as a little glanced carelessly over his shoulder, more or less won't materially alter my and very perceptibly slackened his pace. guilt, I've as good a notion as ever I This sudden and marked disregard for had to give you the benefit of some of my authority on the part of the dogs, your profane instruction.” D. laughed did more than all the sneers of the derisively, and drove on. This little Koraks to shake my confidence in my circumstance considerably dampened own skill. But my resources were not my enthusiasm, and made me very cauyet exhausted ; and I hurled monosyl- tious in my use of foreign language. I lable, dissyllable, and polysyllable at feared the existence of terrific imprecatheir devoted heads-shouted “Ach! te tions in the most common dog-phrases, shelma ! proclataya takaya! Smatree and suspected lurking profanity even ya tibi dam !” but all in vain : the in the monosyllabic Khta and Hoogh, dogs were evidently insensible to rhetor- which I had been taught to believe ical fireworks of this description, and meant “right” and “left.” The dogs, manifested their indifference by a still quick to observe any lack of attention blower gait. As I poured out upon on the part of their driver, now took them the last vial of my verbal wrath, encouragement from my silence, and Dodd, who understood the language exhibited a doggish propensity to stop which I was so recklessly using, drove and rest, wbich was in direct contravenslowly up, and remarked carelessly, tion of all discipline, and which they “ You swear pretty well for a beginner.” would not have dared to do with an Had the ground opened beneath me experienced driver. Determined to vinI should have been less astonished. dicate my authority by more forcible “ Swear! I swear! You don't mean to measures, I launched my spiked stick say that I've been swearing ?” “Cer- like a harpoon at the leader, intending tainly you harc, like a pirate." I drop- to have it fall so that I could pick it up ped my spiked stick in dismay. Were as the sledge passed. The dog, however, these the principles of dog-driving dodged it cleverly, and it rolled away which I had evolved out of the depths ten feet from the road. Just at that of my moral consciousness? They moment three or four wild reindeer

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