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well-sounding, and as there already ex- English Grace, we find the Greek names ists such a large stock of Janes and of Charis, Sophia (wisdom), Irene Maggies, perhaps we may be allowed (peace), Elpis (hope); the Spanish to recommend some of them, keeping Dames—which seem partly to be taken the others in store till further demand. from holidays-of Consuelo (consolaWe suggest, then, the Slavonic Kalina tion), Mercedita (diminutive of Merced, (Lovage), Smiljana (Everlasting), Pe- Mercy), Encarnacion (incarnation), Narunika (Iris), Sokolitza (female hawk); tividad (Birth, Christmas), Dolores the German Sumertocke (Butterfly), (pains). The German Mina seems not Rosamunde (rosy mouth), Sprinzle (lit- to be an abbreviation, but the old tle hawk); the Sanskrit Padmavati (re- German word Minne (still existing in sembling Lotus); the Greek Abrotonon Dutch), for Love. Of the same charac(southern-wood); the Spanish Esme- ter are the Russian Wära, Ljubow, Naralda (Emerald), Azucena (from the deshda (Faith, Love, Hope). Arabic form of Susanna, Lily), Estrella The above-quoted saying of Naomi, (the same word as the Persian Esther, and the happy application which AbiStar) ; Zoraide (diminutive of the Ara- gail, in order to mitigate the wrath of bic Zebra, flower, or the star Venus); David, made out of the coincidence of the Turkish Vard (Rose), the Persian her husband's name, Nabal, signifying Lulu (Pearl), the Arabian Rihana (Ba- at the same time a fool or wicked man sil). Not less euphonious are the bibli- (if she had read the Septuagint, she cal feminine names of Peninah (Pearl, would have said, in allusion to his the same as Margaret), Bashemath (Bal- family-name, that he was a cynic-man), sam), Tamar (Palm-tree), Keturah (in- and many other instances, show us the cense), Hadassah (Myrtle), Deborah difference between ancient and modern (Bee, the same as Ime in Dutch and

In olden times they could Melissa in Greek), Rachel (Ewe), Jael know and did understand the import of (Antelope), Tabitha (the Aramaic equiv- names. The oldest traces of etymology alent of Dorcas, Roe), Hoglah (Par- and of calembourgs, or puns, we find in tridge). Very gracious are the names reference to proper names.

Our names of the three daughters of Job: Jemima are, for the most part, foreign and tra(Dove); Keren-happuch (which could ditional; it may therefore often hapbe rendered with the Latin Cornu-fuci, pen that a person does not know the horn for the fucus or paint); Keziah, meaning of his own name. But interbeing an imported word, could be ren- esting as it may seem to know the dered by the same sound, Cassia. original meaning of names, sometimes

Let us not forget the lovely names of it is better not to know it, or at least the two lovely women, Ruth (Benevo- not to tell it. The honest finder of an lence, Friendship) and Naomi (Sweet, etymology is sometimes not rewarded, Sweetness), who said: “ Call me not but punished. This was the case, some Naomi, call me Marah”- Embittered, two hundred years ago, with the French or Bitterness). The last name could savant Ménage. He had declared the easily be rendered by the Latin word surname Colbert to be nothing else but Amara ; it would depend upon circum- the Latin collibertus, a freedman, Colstances whether this name should be de- bert was at that time prime-minister of rived from amare or from amarus. France; he considered this explanation

A name similar to that of Naomi oc- as an intended satirical pun upon his curs in the name of the sister of Tubal- name, and persecuted Ménage in every cain, Naamah.

possible way. It was in vain that M6These three names remind us of an- nage declared his innocence--he was other peculiarity of feminine names, disgraced. which is owing to their more quiet and Whether this be true, or only an indomestic life. We find abstract nouns vention of Colbert's enemies, the writer As proper names of women. Like the of this essay, being aware of this unhappy effect of a happy etymology, is afraid John, Bridget, and many other names that some such thing might happen to prefer to take leave of his friend John, him, too. By going further he would and to conclude (not finish-vide Crabb) perhaps hurt the feclings of some prime- his song about proper names, saying, minister, and—who knows what would with Ariosto : happen? He would therefore — al

" Piacciavi udir nell' altro canto il resto, though he has much more to say about Signori, che tempo o omai di finir questo.”



MR. OLD's collection is particularly which affords to the student of history rich in mementoes of the great civil and of human nature so deep an insight war of England, and of the events that into his strangely complicated charled to it. There are in it specimens, acter. Often did the Puritans accuse not of the mere handwriting, but of him of a leaning toward Roman Cathothe correspondence, of Charles I., Prince licism, and of active sympathy with its Rupert, Lord Falkland, Oliver Crom- professors. This confidential communiwell, Selden, Pym, Sir Harry Vane the cation would seem to dispose of that younger, Sir Thomas Fairfax, and other charge; yet, at the same time, it is leading men of that stirring and stormy impossible not to recognize in it a susperiod. From the king himself there picious readiness to temporize, and to are several, each set off by a rare por adapt his policy to circumstances. At trait-in one instance, a curious eques- any rate, without further pause upon trian one by Hollar, with a battle-field its merits or its meaning, it is reprovisible under the horse's legs; in another, duced as a document well worth attenalso by Hollar, what seems to be : fac- tive examination. Nor do I believe simile of the statue at Charing Cross; that this letter from Charles I. to the in another, a Vandyke engraved by Marquis of Ormond, then administering Peter de Jode; in another, another the government in Ireland, is known to Vandyke by W. Sharp; in still another, one reader in a hundred, since it has a head by Mytens from the inimitable never been published heretofore, save burin of Delph. Here is one that lacks in Carte's Memoirs of that nobleman, 200 a circumstantial interest. It is a & work not in many hands. That it holograph despatch to Prince Rupert, was written with deliberation is evident dated from the field of Edgehill, and from the neatness and plainness of the written at the top of a foolscap sheet text, all by the king's own hand. The which is much stained and frayed. The envelope in which it was enclosed is outside and the address are wanting. very ragged and worn. Two small Thus it runs :

seals, with the royal arms thereupon, Nepheu,-1 hare given order as you have

yet remain unbroken, though the silken desyred, so that I d'out pot but all the foot and

fastening has disappeared. The concañon will bee at Eggehill betymes this morn- tents are as follows; but, before giving ing, where you will also fynde

them, I may add that, subsequently to Your loving Oncle and faithfull frend, the acquisition of this state-paper (as

Charles R.

it may well be called) there fell into A different and far graver interest Mr. Old's possession a letter from Charles attaches to my next citation from the to Prince Rupert, dated July 26, 1645, same source; nor is there probably ex- in which he says: “I am sending : tant any single letter from the king, new despache into Irland wherein 1 not only seeke to hasten the supplyes which I cannot grant with a safe Conscience, in generall, but lykewis in particular to and withoute it to reject a Peace, I comand you, incourage the Marquis of Ormond him

if you can, to procure a further Cessation, if

not, to make what divisions you can among selfe to come over.” Five days later, them, and rather leave it to the chance of Warr another proof, perhaps, of the care with betweene them, and those Forces which you which the missive was concocted—the bare not power to draw to my assistance, then hard-driven sovereign thus expressed to give my consent to any such allowance of Pohimself:

pery, as must evidently bring destruction to

that Profession which, by the grace of God, I Cardif 31 July 1645 shall ever maintaine through all extremities. Ormond, it hath pleased God, by many suc- I know, Ormond, that I impose a very hard cessive misfortunes, to reduce my affaires of Taske upon you, but if God prosper me, you late from a very prosperous condition, to so will be a happy and glorious subject; if otherlow an eb, as to be a perfect tryel of all men's wais, you will perishe, nobly and generously, integrities to me, and you being a person whom with and for him who is I cousidered as most entyrly and generously

Your constant reall faithfull Frend, resolved to stand and fali with your King,

CHARLES R. I doe principally rely upon you for your uter

In marked contrast with the foremost assistance in my present hazards. I have comanded Digby to acquainte you at large with going composition, wherein the pathetic all particulars of my condition, what I have and the politic are so obviously mingled, to hope, trust too, or feare, wberin you will is the blunt and unlabored epistle that fynde, that if my expectation of relife out of follows. Whatever may be thought of Irland be not in some good measure, and

Oliver Cromwell's sincerity at certain speedely, answered, I am lykely to be reduced to great extremities. I hope some of those epochs of his career, there is no room expresses I sent you, since my misfortune by to suspect this familiar but earnest the Battaile of Nazeby, ar come to you, and communication. It breathes the spirit am therfor confident that you ar in a good for- of the writer's time, and is essentially wardness for the sending over to me a con

the outspeaking of his nature. Mr. siderable supply of Men, Artillery, and Amunition. All that I bave to add is, that the

Carlyle has found a place for it among necessety of your speedy performing thern, is his gathered Letters and Specches of made much more pressing by new disasters, the Protector ; but, in his pages, tho so that I absolutly comand you (what hazard spelling and the punctuation have been soever that Kingdome may run by it) person- modernized by the penman who copiec ally to bring up all the Forces, of what sort soerer you can draw from thence, and leave it, or by the printer who put it into the Governement there (during your absence) print, and this juxtaposition of ola in the fittest hands that you shall judge to dis- phraseology, with the lettered mode of charge it, for I may not want you heere to to-day, detracts somewhat from its comand those forces which will be brought effect. It is as though one should paint from thence, and such as, from hence, shall be joyned to them. But you must not under

old Noll in a chimney-pot hat and in stande this, as a permission for you to grant

trowsers. I reproduce this letter, there to the Irish (in case they will not otherwais fore, textually from the original, all the have a Peace) anything more in matter of Reli- more that it is in itself remarkable. I gion, than what I have alowed you allready, made no note of the condition of the except only, in some convenient Parishes, manuscript or in respect to the penmanwhere the much greater number ar Papists. ship; but here are the words writ by I give you power to permitt them to have some places, which they may use as Chapells for Oliver's own hand, omitting only, for theire Devotions, is there be no otiser impedi- convenience sake, a reference in the marment for obtaining a Peace, but I will rather

gin of the original to “2 Peter, i. 4,” chuse to suffer all extremities, than ever to abandon my Religion, and particularly ether to apparently an afterthought, opposite English or Irish Rebels, to which effect I have

the passage alluding to St. Paul. comanded Digby to wryt to their Agents that Dick Cromwell. were employed hither, giving you power to I take your letteres kindlye. I like exprescause deliver, or suppresse the letter, as you sions when they come plainlye from the heart, shall judge best for my services. To conclude, and are not strayned nor affected. I am perif the Irish shall sc unworthily take advantage svaded it's the Lord's mercye to place you of my weake condition, as to presse me to that where you are. I wish you may owne itt, and

bee thankdfull, fullfillinge all relations to the sidered desirable to leave no record.. Glory of God. Seeke the Lord and his face

Mr. Old, however, showed me a letter continually; lett this bee the businesse of your

from Napoleon to the citizen Berlier, life and strength, and lett all thinges bee subservient and in order to this. You cannot

dated “ Antiber, Prairial, l'an 2," with finde nor behold the face of God, but in Christ,

the extremely rare signature BuonaGod in

parte. therefore labor to knowe A Christ, wch the

Again, the flatterers of the living Scripture makes to bee the sum of all, even life

Emperor of the French have taken eternall. Because the true knowledge is nott litterall or speculative, but inward, transform- pains to set aside an impression-possiinge the minde to itt, its unitinge to, and par- bly malicious—that his majesty's grandticipating of the Divine nature. Its such a mother wooed and won the founder of knowledge as Paul speakes off, Philip. the 3d. his dynasty ; that is to say, that the 8. 9. 10. How little of this knowledge of

mother of Hortense made more marked Christ is there amongst vs. My weake prayers shalbe for you. Take heede of an inactive

advances to the rising General, than are

usually considered becoming on the vaine spirit, Recreate youre selfe wih Sr Walter

part of her sex. This, I say, may be Raughleyes historie, it's a bodye of historie, and

all scandal; nevertheless, here is a little will add much more to your

viderstandinge billet-doux from the fair Josephine, of storie

that has never been in print hitherto, than fragments

Intend to vnderstand the estate I hare sctled, it's your con

and that may or may not elucidate that cernment to knowe itt all, and how itt stands. point. It is dated the 1st Ventose, and I have heretofore suffered much by too much runs thus in terms reproachfully tender: trustinge others. I know my Brother Major

Vous ne venez plus voir une amie qui vous wilbe helpfull to you in all this. You will

aime. Vous l'avez tout à fait délaissée. Vous think (perhaps) I need not advisee you to love

avez bien tort, car elle vous est tendrement your wife; the Lord teach you how to doe itt,

attachée. Venez demain sept déjeuner avec or else itt wilbee done ilfavoredly. Though moi, j'ai besoin de vous voir, et de causer avec marriage bee uoe instituted sacrament, yett

vous sur vos interêts. where the vodefiled bedd is, and love, this

Bop soir, mon ami, je vous embrasse. union aptlye resembles Christ and his Cburch.


Au Général Bonaparte.
If you a trulye love your Wife, what doth
Christ beare to his Church, and every poore

All the world knows the story of soule therein, whoe gave himselfe for itt, and Mozart and the mysterious stranger; to itt. Comend mee to your Wife, tell her I how the unknown one engaged, the entyerly love her, and reioyce in the goodnesse composer to write bim a requiem, payof the Lord to her. I wish her every way fruitfull. I'thanke her for her lovinge letter. I have ing in advance the whole or a large presented my love to my Sister and Cozen portion of the covenanted price ; how Ann in my letter to my Brother Major. I would he appeared suddenly at intervals, not have him alter his affaires because of my urging the completion of the work ; debt. My purse is as his, my present thoughtes how the engagement and the weird are but to lodge such a sum for my two little

manuer in which it was followed up gyrles; it's in his hand as well as any where. I shall not be wantinge to accomodate him preyed upon Mozart's fragile nerves and to his minde. I would not have him solicitous. sensitive temperament; how he came Dick, the Lord blesse you every way. I rest to regard this requiem as his own April. 2d. 1650. Your lovinge Ffather

funeral dirge; and how he died, under Carricke.


this impression, before the task was From and after the time when Napo- finished. The last letter that I borrow leon Buonaparte became First Consul, from one of Mr. Old's portfolios, surinfinite pains were taken, in all depart- nishes convincing proof that there is ments of the state and through many no exaggeration in the tale. I do not agencies, to destroy or obliterate every know to whom it was addressed, as the document that bore the great man's superscription and envelope are wantname, spelled as it is here printed. The ing. It is in Italian, beautifully written u was obnoxious, because it testified to in a fine clear hand. Several years ago, his Italian origin, of which it was con- Mr. Old allowed a fac-simile of it to be


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made for the opening number of “The endorsements. The seal is missing, Autograph Souvenir," a periodical though its place is marked. The signastarted in London for the purpose of ture “ Carolus" is in keeping with the reproducing the most valuable and text, and his various titles are thus authentic autographs in private collcc- recorded in the body of the deed itself: tions, but not carried on beyond a few “Emperor, Imperator Augustus of the numbers. Translated into English, Roman Empire, and King of Germany, these are the contents :

Jerusalem, Hungary, Dalmatia, and

Croatia, Archduke of Austria, Duke of Most honored Sir,

Burgundy and Brabant, Count of HapsI would follow your advice, but know not how. My head is troubled, and I can scarcely

burg, Flanders, and the Tyrol.” I con

fess that I could not but handle this compose; yet I cannot rid my sight of the figure of this unknown person. I see him per.

precious relic with peculiar reverencepetually; he requests, solicits, importunes me not awed by imaginary contact with for the work. I continue, because composing the holder of so many dignities, but by fatigues me less than repose. Besides, I have

ideal communion for the moment with no longer any thing to fear. I know by my own feelings that the hour approaches, and

him who painted “ Peter Martyr.” that I must shortly breathe my last. I have · Fitting companion to this is another finished before I have enjoyed the fruits of my parchment-sheet, twenty-two inches by talent. Yet life bas been so sweet, and my thirteen, and also writ in Latin, by career opened before me under such fortunate

which Pbilip, the son of Charles V., auspices. But we cannot change our destiny. No one measures his own days; we must there

recites the above

mentioned grant, and fore be resigned. Whatever Providence or

continues it to Titian's son Horace. dains will be accomplished, and now I con- This deed is dated at Madrid, 5 July, clude; this is my funeral dirgo, I ought not to 1571, and is signed "Yo El Rey.” It leave it unfinished.

is very much stained and worn, and the Vienna 7bre 1791


name countersigned on it is also illegiNot content with correspondence ble. It is sealed-not in wax, but by a that throws light on individual char- stamp-with the royal arms of Spain. acter, or on mooted historical points, Coming down a century later, here Mr. Old has in his possession three or is something that brings back at a four very valuable manuscripts, with glance the palmy days of Marly and the mention of which I conclude my Versailles. Five sheets of foolscapreminiscences. They are, by their form paper, formally attached together, aro and bulk, inadmissible into the port- covered by a notarial contract of mar: folios of assorted letters, though curi- riage, and by the names of attesting ously rivalling some of these in interest. witnesses. The espousing parties are Thus, doubly strange did it seem to me M. Emanuel de Crussol, Comte de Crus to hold in hand a document that once sol, and July Marie de Saint Maure. belonged to Titian ; and that bears the The great ones of their time and place, sign-manual of Charles V.; and well who approved and appended their may Mr. Old pride himself on owning respective signatures, are-Louis XIV.; it. It is a deed engrossed in Latin, Marie Therése, his wife ; Anne of Ausupon a sheet of parchment measuring tria, his mother; the Dauphin ; Philip eighteen inches by thirteen, which of Orleans, brother of the King and after reciting that the Emperor had father of the future Regent; Henriette previously conferred upon the artist a Anne, daughter of Charles I., and wife pension of the same amount-grants to of Philip of Orleans; the Ducs de St. him an additional annual pension of a Simon, de Noailles, de Brissac, de hundred scudi or crowns. It is dated Grammout, and de la Rochefoucauldi ; at Augusta Vindelicorum-the modern Colbert, Le Tellier, and others. They Augsburg—10 June, 1548; is counter- are about forty in all; and every name signed by some official personage, whose is associated with the contemporaneous name is not legible; and has sundry history or the abounding court-gossip

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