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stone of the entire structure, the expression sented by the Templar, the high-minded. of the highest and most faultless philosophy chivalric young knight on whom the religious of life. As grown up in the atmosphere of war has not failed to exercise some civilizing his house, we must next name Recha, an in- influence. He nobly and readily performs a uocent, virtuous, and charming girl, full of perilous duty imposed on him by the pledges eensibility for the beautiful and the good, and of his vow, and has some general sense of full of reverence for the Divinity. Saladin honor and humanity about him. Yet he is, and Sittab reveal themselves of the same like so many of his order of a certain period, class by professing to esteem men only in so scarcely any thing more than a rationalistic far as they are possessed of genuine human- incongruity, and in his dealings with Nathan ity, that is to say, really noble, virtuous, and he even betrays symptoms of narrow-minded good. They receive Nathan the Jew and the exclusiveness and bigotry, Under the imChristian Templar with equal cordiality, Sa- pression that the Jew dzsires to divert a ladin expressly declaring “that he never ex- Christian child from its allegiance to the pected all trees to grow with the same bark," "church, he in the excitement of a moment while Sittah, on the other hand, complains of forgets himself so far as to compromise the the Christians for being in too many instances safety of a friend by applying to the patrimore eager to disseminate the mere name arch for aid against him. Such, then, is than the virtues of their founder, Christ. Al briefly the characterization of the piece, in Hafi is a sort of offset to Nathan, but yet which the reader will not fail to recognize essentially of the same group. Disgusted distinctness of outline, variety and contrast, with the harassing affairs of life, he is re- and, in spite of the defects of the action, the solved to exchange the sunshine of courtly touches of a master. favor for the quiet shade of the Eastern Nathan the Wise has passed for the most hermit on the banks of the Ganges, where he finished of Lessing's dramatic works. It was expects to find leisure for retirement and con- upon the whole well received originally, and templation, and the society of better men. that not only by the critics, but also the As we are obliged to give credit to Islam for statesmen and philosophers of his own and “the mild, good, noble dervish," so we are other countries, and has now bravely stood called upon to respect Christianity for the the test of nearly a century (1799–1868). simple-minded monk, wbo with his unassu- Its moral effect has been of the most ennoming piety and sincerity of heart has made bling kind in more than one respect, and we himself an honor and an ornament to bis need only name the altered sentiments in faith. Daja is an honest, unsophisticated reference to the Jews, whose political eman. woman, devoted to Recha and faithful in the cipation in Germany, France, and England, service of her charge, but she is of the pros. may be traced directly to its initiative. elyting class, and there is otherwise not much remarkable about her. Prominent at the The History of the Great Republic, con. head of the positive groups stands“ the cor- sidered from a Christian stend-point. By pulent, red-faced, affable” old patriarch, the JESSE T. Peck, D.D. 8vo. pp. 710. The representative of the hierarchy, but full of po- author of this interesting volume avows in litical intrigue and fanaticism. In this he his Preface, “that the theory of this book is, has advanced so far as to plot assassination that God is the rightful, actual sorereign of against Saladin, although professing exter- all nations; that a purpose to advance the nal allegiance; and this he palliates with human race beyond all its precedents in intelthe excuse that“crime in the eyes of men is ligence, goodness, and power, formed this not such also in the eyes of God.” As for Great Republic; and that religion is the only Nathan, he is determined that he shall be life-force and organizing power of liberty.” burnt, for in his cstimation it would have In endeavoring to unfold and establish his been far better for the Christian child, the theory, Dr. Peck has presented in groups the beautiful and amiable Recba, to have per- more important events of American history, ished in misery than to have been reared in and has arranged them with much skill and the house of a detested Jew. And for this judgment, in order to set forth, as convindeed of barbarity he alleges no other mo- cingly as possible, the views and sentiments tive than the glory of God: “I am impelled," which he holds on this subject. The several says he, “solely by my zeal for God, and periods of Preparation, Independence, Dewhat I do too much I do for him!”. A Chris- velopment, Emancipation, and Mission, are tian of an entirely different type is repre- treated of in a spirit of Christian philosophy,

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and with a sufficient fulness of detail to sat- may be a girl, accomplishing a great deal by isfy the reader that the author has carefully hard physical labor. The moral perhaps sèudied the history of the past, and has a just would be better if she were left entirely to claim upon the attention and respect of all her own 'resources instead of being helped thoughtful Americans of the present day. out of the mire by rich friends; but the In point of literary merit the volume takes author evidently cannot bear to leave her fair rank, although the author's style is rather heroine in the rough, uncultured state in free at times, and occasionally careless. Of which she first appears.

Another of the course, in a work of this extent and variety series, of material, there is room for considerable dif- The Cruise cf the Dashaway, or Katie Put. ference of opinion as to both the facts pre. nam's Voyage, is a new story, describing sented and the uses to which Dr. P. has put somewhat mistily a child's pleasures and them. While it is too much to expect that the troubles on a long sea-vovige. good Doctor's statements and interpretations From the same publishers we have another will be received everywhere as law or gospel, volume of OLIVER Optic's “ Young America” yet, we think no one can doubt his entire series, entitled Dikes and Ditches. It desincerity, or fail to bestow the meed of praise scribes the cruise of a school-slip, manned upon his industry and diligence in the work by boys, who are supposed to stow away a he has undertaken. The volume is illustrated knowledge of seamanship at the same time with a number of fine steel engravings, and that they are mastering the branches of the is sold by subscription, Broughton & Wyman, ordinary school course. Mr. Adams' books Bible House, New York, being the publishers. are brightly written, and contain a good deal

of useful information ; but they are deficient SOME New Juveniles come to us from in imagination, and the boys of whom he Lee & Shepard, Boston. The first is Dotty treats are stiff and unnatural. The boy-readDimple, by the author of the “Little ers of the present day are, however, as a rule, Prudy Stories ”-and many happy children too prosaic to appreciate this deficiency in have blessed the author of this captivating their popular author, and this volume, being series of tales. They neither are nor pre- both entertaining and instructive, will doubttend to be profoundly instructive, but, what less be well received. is much better, they have an atmosphere of childish innocence, which books directed Footprints of Life, by PHILIP HARVEY, against such crimes as lying, stealing, or M. D. (Samuel R. Wells.) In taking up this drunkenness, sadly lack. Let children be book one is painfully reminded of the old kept as long as possible from the knowledge story of the schoolmaster who told an unfor. that crimes exist, and there will be much tunate would-be poet that it was a mistake more real purity than is now found among to begin every line of prose with a capital the progressive youth of this generation. letter. “Footprints of Life," or "Faith and The author of this series seems to have a Nature Reconciled,” is a tame version of Natthorough knowledge of childish longings ural Theology in the very blankest of verse; and feelings, and children as well as older and though we are very willing to admit that people take especial delight in seeing their faith and Nature are reconciled by Philip own emotions mirrored in print.

Harvey, M. D., our poor humanity will revolt Then we have Upside Down, by Rosa at his description of the process. We are Abboti-a practical little work, showing not reconciled, though Faith and Nature the possibility of a child, even though she may be.


We stretch a long hand of welcome from should have this welcome if we had to stop this desk of ours, by the fair Atlantic wave, the press to give it. Where the Overland across the continent to our brothers in Cali- comes from, continentally speaking, we know, fornia, and congratulate them on the promis. for the cover tells us, but of its mental paing appearance of their latest literary ven- rentage we know less than nothing. Who ture, the Overland Monthly, which comes to edits it, who writes for it, what opinion it is us just as we are going to press, but which to speak for, what side it is on in religion, in


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politics, in art, we may guess, perhaps, by Willamet, which, though useful enough, is these first pages, but we are told nothing. not exactly in place here; an ingenious plea Absolutely, no prospectus ! No list of dis- for a sort of convent-life as a cure for the tinguished authors who say they will contri. heartache and headache of women who feel bute, but who won't! No offers of sewing their oats in these days; then a few odds machines, or of copies of Tupper or Holland, and ends, and the first number of the Over. to people who will buy more copies of the land closes. We repeat our cordial welcome, magazine than they want ! No confusing and wish it long life. Few journals have "termıs," with offers of superfluous deduc- started on their way of late with better aus tions for clergymen, who, in this favored land pices. where clergymen get every thing for nothing, or, at the most, for half-price, must pay their SINCE one of our contemporaries has boldly “ four dollars in gold ” like your even Cliris- led the way in the unfashionable practice of tian, if they want the Overland!

And a

scanning his dinner-bill, and has not hesiquiet elegance of outside, too, with such beau- tated to give us the result of his cogitarions, tiful print, inside and outside, as we have We will pluck up a brave heart ourselves, and nothing to match with in these parts ! Not own that we have both been scanning our even Putnam in all his modesty is arrayed dinner. bill and thinking over our dinner, and like the Orerland. We should like to have have come to the conclusion that we don't this matter cleared up a little! But this is like either! This is a step in advance of our not all On the cover there is a small vi- neighbor, but we dare say a good many will gnett., so excellent both in conception and in thank us for taking it. We have been lately execution, that we at once predict the best to a grand public dinner: for the purpose we that can be predicted of the contents of the have in hand it does not matter how lately, magazine that carries such a pit and compre- or where. Suffice it, that the dinner was in hensive signal to the fore. This is a bit of

a noble


that there was a great display wood-engraving that Bewick or Linton need of china, silver, glass, and confectionery, and not be ashamed of. A grizzly bear—a speak- that every famous man within fifty miles had ing likeness—stands on the track of the Pa- been hauled in by the nets of invitation, and cific Railroad snarling at the Locomotive! safely landed upon the chairs that closely This is California, the latest field where sav- hedged the tables. Countless waiters, im. age and civilized, the grizzly and the locomo- maculately shirted, cravatted, and gloved, tive, meet in grim encounter. Poor Bruin, passed about innumerable dishes; wines flow. he looks brave, and will make a gallant fight, ed, then came talk, cigars were lighted, and, but, who cannot see the end of it! The it may be, morning broke over the prolonged contents of the magazine have a flavor of festivity. But pay-day came, as it comes aftheir own.

We recognize no eastern hand, ter every enterprise whether of business or certainiy no well-known one, and it is plain play, and our share in this one cost us $23. that the editor has his own cisterns to draw Supposing that each subscriber paid alike, from without dipping from ours. To speak this would make the total cost of the supper generally, the contents are of a solid and something like $6,000. Now we are well valuable, rather than of what is called a aware that in America, in New York at least, brilliant and entertaining, character. But 'tis horribly vulgar and quite out of fashion there are some verses of a higher style than to ask what any thing costs or to trouble youris common in our periodicals, a ghost-story self about it when you have found out; but which would have been better if the writer we take it for granted that a good deal of bad believed in ghosts, and another story this nonchalance is affected, and that much which reads as if it might be a record of fact, of the indifference we are all so proud of is but has a dramatic interest and is well told. assumed, in deference to a supposed public Then comes solider fare: an article on the opinion. An Englishman in England once Mexican Empire, written by an admirer of said to us, “In America, when you come to Max-and this is the only hand we think we settle an account you always say, 'Oh, never recognize—a picturesque and interesting nar- mind the sixpence,' but here in England we rative; Hawaiian Civilization, an article con- do not receipt a bill for £500 168. 31d. until taining a deal of information, given in a lively the farthings have been paid.” And it seems wide-awake style; serious reading for mis- to us a monstrous piece of heroism, worse sionaries, and not very encouraging to that than Curtius' leaping into the Gulf, for class; a rather dry account of Portland-on- Wordsworth to tell his friends, as Emerson says he did, that if they came to see him they to have an evil aspect for most people, and must expect the simplest fare, and that if they is most earnestly deprecated in the Liturgy wanted other they must pay for it. We are of the English Church ; but we have never far enough here from any such heroics, and been able to sympathize with those who dread most people will think we are so much nearer it. If by sudden death is meant simply a to civilization. But any thing is better than taking away of one in the midst of life, in living beyond one's means, or getting into apparent health, and with many dependent debt, and that is what is so common in Ame- upon him, and while his fortune is yet to rica as no longer to call for any remark. On make, we can understand that that is not de. this point, however, we have nothing at pres. sirable ; but, unless to the very old, death ent to say; our argument is, the prevalent always finds us unprepared, in this sense, and American indifference to what things cost. surely if it is to be, the more we can be This custom has already produced one of its spared of the pain, the sickness, and the worst fruits, the deterioration in things for weary waiting that usually precedes it, the which money is paid, so that a cigar that happier it ought to seem. now costs three or four dimes is no better than a cigar that used to cost one, and a din- Most of the readers of the paper in our ner that costs $23 is rather worse, if any July number, by the executor of the late Rev. thing, than would be furnished elsewhere, Eleazer Williams, probably reached, with us, ornaments and extras included, for less than the conclusion that the theory of Williams' half that cost. Some day or other the limit of royal descent was then finally disposed of. extortion will be reached, and then perhaps But the Rev. Dr. Vinton, of Trinity Church, a few rich Americans may be found with re-presents the case in this number, with evi. sense in proportion to their wealth, who will dence on the other side so remarkable and know better than to throw money about like so forcible, that it would be palpable injustice peanut-shells, and if for no other reason be- to withhold it. Whether all of Dr. Vinton's cause they will find that the best things are apparent inferences from his facts are logi. not to be procured in this way. The hotel- cally inevitable, may perhaps be questioned keeper who finds that two or three hundred by those who have always been skeptical as of the sensible (?) people in the community will to the main theory; but the incidents he pay $23 a-piece for his dinner without a mur- relates show a combination of circumstan. mur, will very soon cease to care either what tial proofs curious and convincing enongh to he charges or what he gives in return for the satisfy ordinary inquirers. The late Dr. money. In this particular case our prophecy Hawks, whose legal training ought to have has been for some time a thing fulfilled; we qualified him to be a careful sister of evidence, discovered no special excellence in the viands used to say that many a man had been hung provided on this occasion, and if the Boni- on lighter evidence than that (then existing) face had had his reputation to make, this of the identity of Eleazer Williams with would not have been a promising begin- Louis XVII., and, when a gentleman so com. ning. But it was the great Panjandrum petent and so entirely worthy of respectful the Delmonico himself-whose dinner we condence as the Rev. Dr. Vinton, now prowere eating, and in the presence of such duces new proofs, and assures us that he has waiters who could have the courage to give never faltered during these fifteen years in voice to a demur?

his faith in the theory, the readers of this

Magazine will surely be interested in the facts Mr. Morton, the discoverer of ether, was he has presented. After his article was one of the victims to the terrible heat of in type, Dr. Vinton sent us an additional July. This was a gracious release to one certificate by the late Dr. J. W. Francis, as who had done so much to lift the burden of to the crescent-shaped inoculation mark repain from his fellows; it was fitting that he ferred to on page 339. Of course, this whole who had enabled so many to enjoy a euthan. question has ceased to be of any practical asy or happy death, should himself pass with- importance-it remains merely as one of the out suffering through the gates that stparate many historic doubts which puzzle and amuse this life from the next. Sudden death seems the curious inquirer.

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HALOED by the ideal beauty radia- the ancient queen said to the wise one, ting from her face as light does from “Behold, the balf was not told me." the morning sun, her hands stretched out as if grasping eternity, Switzerland Mont Blanc on the brain, and that stands there, the loved and longed-for for half a lifetime, is something of a of all who worship Nature. The ages load to carry; and one would naturally pass on, and she is younger; the æons enough think that one's steps, on a first are swallowed up in the eternity behind visit to Europe and Switzerland, would us, but she is fresber and lovelier than have been turned at once to Chamouni, when the stars sang together at the to get rid of the burden. I was, howcreation. There is health in her pres- ever, too cautious, or had too little conence, and virtue goes out of her to those fidence in the slightly exercised limbs who touch the hem of her garment. of a New York merchant for that. The

Beautiful Switzerland ! How like a race-horse must be trained before he bride she looks-genial, glowing, happy starts for the goal. So I bade farewell -as she stands there, with the snow- to the carnival of industry and gayety, veil upon her head and the flowers to the meeting-ground of mighty kings upon her brow, while the little and the

and emperors—of mightier workers—at great, the wise and the foolish, the Paris, which the Exposition had created grave and the gay, gather from the or called together; and, taking cars, ends of the earth to do her honor. where the chances that eternity may be

Or like a cathedral, full of statues revealed through the medium of a and choice mosaics, with the Jungfrau smash-up,” or an Angola fire-birth, for an altar, the heavens as dome, and are so far removed that one forgets Nature for high-priest. The setting them, I soon found myself at the Hotel sun lights it up for vespers, and the des Alps, in the valley of Interlachen, deep solemn bass of the avalanches which lies there in its fairy loveliness, closes the worship with their wild an- with its army of giant mountain-guards thems.

to keep it from harm, and their captail Through the lens of books and pic- the snow-capped Jungfrau, looking tures she can never be fairly seen ; and down in calm majesty on their serried walking in her giant galleries of stud- ranks. ies, sketches, masterpieces, we feel as If one be thoroughly in earnest about.

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Estered, in the year 1868, by 6. P. TUTXAM & Sox, la the Clerk's 0.1ce of the District Court of the U. S. for the Southern District of N. Y.

VOL. II.-25

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