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at Lincolnton while court was sitting there, Congress, and Brigadier-General in the Rebel on the ground that it would lead to the mob- Army, died at the Fisth Avenue Hotel, New bing of the hotel.—Captains Porter and Wi). York, on October 9th, at the age of 53. lis, of the Freedmen's Bureau, and the Sheriff -The election in Coppecticut, October 5th, of Little River County, Arkansas, were killed for town-officers, resulted in a net Republican on the 27th Oct. by the Ku-Klux.

gain of 2,626 votes in 110 towns out 164, re- The campaign in the Northern States has versing the Democratic majority of 1,760 in been conducted with less violence, but not the State, and leaving a net Republican majorwithout loss of life. At Pittsburgh, Pa., on ity of less than 1,000. October 7, a Republican torchlight proces

-The State elections in Pennsylvania, Ohio, sion was attacked, about fifty shots fired, and and Indiana, on the 13th of October, which several persons, including the Mayor, were were looked to with so much interest, resulted severely injured. Bloody riots occurred in in a sweeping Republican triumph, though Indiana. Eleven persons were shot on elec- the majorities were moderate. Pennsylvania tion day, October 13th, in Philadelphia, three

elected her Republican State ticket, consisting of whom, Policeman John Young and the of Hartraust, Auditor General, and Campbell, brothers Byrnes, of whom one was a deputy Surveyor General, by a majority not yet offisheriff, were killed. Severe riots occurred at cially determined, but which cannot vary ICO Scranton, Pa. It is said that 5,000 roughs from 10,000. Indiana elected her Republi. went from New York and Baltimore on the can Governor, Conrad Baker, and eight of the 12th to vote in Philadelphia. Ex-Governor State Officers, by about 1,000 majority. Ohio Beall of Wisconsin, a gallant Lieutenant-Col. elected Isaac R. Sherwood Secretary of State onel of the war, a well-known writer, and a and four other officers of the State ticket by son-in-law of Fenimore Cooper, was killed at about 17,000 majority. The Republicans, howMontana by Geo. M. Pinney, Editor of the ever,lose eight Congressmen in these States and Montana Post, on account of a political quar- gain one. They gain, however, two United rel growing out of an article published in the States Senators, one in Indiana and one in Post. In New York City, on October 30, Pennsylvania. Nebraska elected David But. Christopher Pullman, an active Republican ex- ler (Repub.) Governor and the entire State Councilman, engaged in challenging persons ticket by about 2,000 majority. West Virapplying for registration under alleged fraud- ginia, on October 22d, elected a Republican ulent naturalization papers, was waylaid and Governor and entire State ticket by 4,000 clubbed nearly to death by parties who have majority, all the Republican candidates for not yet been arrested. All the above enu. Congress and a majority of between 30 and merated murders, by a singular coincidence, 40 on joint ballot of both bouses of the Leg. were assassinations of Republicans by Dem- islature, thus securing the election of a Re ocrats. We have searched carefully for in- publican United States Senator in place of stances of the opposite kind, and find none.

Peter C. Vanwinkle. Colorado elected Brad. -The naturalization frauds in Philadelphia ford (Repub.) delegate to Congress by an offiand New York have attracted much atten. cial majority of 17. tion. In both cities many thousand papers — Throughout the 2!st, 22d, and 231 of were issued by Democratic judges in blank, October severe shocks of earthquake occur. sold for small sums to persons not entitled to red throughout California, shattering build. be naturalized, and used at the election. The ings in all the principal cities, though destroyfacts painfully suggest the necessity of revis- ing but five or six lives and about $2,000,000. ing the naturalization laws so as to render Unlike the agitations in South America and such abuses impossible.

the Pacific Islands, that in California was not -Howell Cobb, Esq., Speaker of the House accompanied by any tidal wave or other sign of Representatives, Ex-Governor of Georgia, of submarine disturbance, except that the Secretary of the Treasury under Buchanan, vessels in the harbors were struck as if by Chairman of the Provisional Confederate coming on a rock.

LITERATURE.

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The works of the Rev. Jso, S. C. ABBOTT the people to exercise their sovereign rights are too well known and widely circulated to in regard to the disposal of said power, on need description or criticism. We are not condition that their will should agree with sure, however, that his place among Ameri- his; and how, since said auspicious choice, can writers has as yet been clearly defined. France has gone on her way rejoicing in the We should be tempted to call him our most possession of peace, contentment, and prosbrilliant romance writer. We say this after perity at home, and in the exercise of a concarefully weighing the respective merits of the trolling and healthful influence abroad, and many claimants for the position; we have how the perfection of a hero sent by kind not forgotten “Uncle Tom's Cabin," “ Nor

heaven to perform this mighty work was call. wood,” or “St. Elmo,” or “ Wind and Whirl. ed Louis Napoleon Bonaparte. wind," but we consider that in dramatic con- The difficulty in treating Mr. Abbott's ception of plot, in vivid description of scene, works as histories lies in the fact that his and in original creation of character, Mr. characters are not described as men fallible, Abbott far surpasses the authors of those pop- liable to error and to wrong, but as perfect ular works, and his ingenuity in weaving into beings, filled with grand purposes of doing his narratives the events of history, and as- good to mankind, and moving on to the comsigning to his heroes the names of historical pletion of their work with unerring wisdom, characters, gives them an interest unknown and unfailing virtue. We should have been to ordinary romances. We remember in days tempted to doubt à priori the truthfulness of gone by to bave been much fascinated by a

such pictures even if we had no other source work in the shape of a biography called the from which to obtain a knowledge of their Lise of “ Napoleon Bonaparte.” We prefer- subjects. Mr. Abbott appears to have taken red it to “ Robinson Crusoe," we gladly as the key-note of his history the idea of the abandoned in its favor the“ Arabian Nights," Emperor expressed by the French Commandand we still regard it as one of the most at- er in Mexico: “He is too great to do wrong." tractive books for young folks ever written, If he had admitted that Napoleon came with.

We do not ourselves believe in the neces- in the pale of fallible humanity, and had been sity or advisability of all juvenile books being guilty of some few mistakes and errors of instructive or supplied with a moral. Boys, judgment, we should have been more inlike older people, need amusement and relax. clined to accept with credit his florid descripation in the intervals of their work, and we tions of the benefits conferred by the Emperwould advise parents that they could not or upon France and Europe. easily find a book with the attractiveness and Louis Napoleon has done work for France powers of fascination possessed by Abbott's worthy of praise ; he has proved himself in “Napoleon Bonaparte."

many respects a more serviceable ruler than In his new work Mr. Abbott describes how

the never-learning Charles the Tenth, the France, weary of tyranny, exhausted by an- back-bone-less Louis Philippe, or the inlararchy, was waiting expectant for a hero, a monious Provisional Government. Under man who should restore, re-organize, save; his reign order has been preserved, the interhow this hero, commissioned by kind Provi. nal resources of the country bave been develdence, made his appearance, and claimed re- oped, the large cities embellished, and comcognition and obeisance; bow in spite of his mercial enterprises extended, while his Emhereditary claims, in spite of the divine rights pire has preserved a prominent and at times of his uncle, emanating, as Mr. Abbott often a commanding position among the nations of repeats, from the will of the people, in spite Europe. To these things, the blessings resultof his personal qualifications, this recognition ing from a strong government, controlled by and obeisance were for a long time denied, a single and able head, Mr. Abbott rightfully and instead were given ridicule, banishment, calls our attention ; but why, as a faithful imprisonment, and other annoyances ; how in biographer and historian, does he fail to inspite of such obstacles his hero at last suc- form us at what cost these blessings have ceeded in enforcing the acknowledgment of been obtained-to tell us that the resources his claims for homage, and having with some of France have been drained, its burden of trifling friction placed himself in possession debt indefinitely increased, and its best workof the supreme power, graciously permitted ing power absorbed to sustain a vast army,

VOL. II.--48

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needed as much to repress discontent at home, much more advantageous to his till. The as to enforce influence abroad; that owing in title “Essays Philosophical and Theological," great part to the ambitious love of notoriety of belong less to this volume than to the series the Emperor, his continual threatening prepa- of which this is one, one other of which has rations, his enigmatical utterances and devi- been already published, and still other vol. ous policy, all Europe has been kept in a umes are promised if the reception of the state of feverish dread and excitement, and present volume is as generous as that accordimmense sums of money have been directly ed to the last. If it should not be, we trust expended, and still larger sums indirectly that Mr. Spencer will not be greatly disapwasted, in keeping up exhausting war arma- pointed, not but that the intrinsic value of ments; that in spite of this great expenditure the articles in this volume may be as great as of power on the part of France, her influence that of those printed in the last, but they are abroad has decreased, her efforts at interfer- of less general and stirring interest, and are ence with the affairs of other nations have moreover of less recent date. The articles proved costly failures, and the policy of her in the last volume treated of men and subgovernment bas been thwarted ; that at home, jects fresh in the public mind, as, for examin spite of the beautifying of the cities, in ple, Comte, John Stuart Mill, the position of spite of the Great Exhibition, and the outer Mr. Mansell, the Psychology of Bain. It was brilliancy of the Empire, the people are dis- comprised mainly of articles written for the satisfied with the burden of taxation, and the National Review, to which Mr. Martincau was thraldom of an irresponsible government, the leading contributor. Its oldest article discontented with the present, and looking did not go back further than 1858, while the forward fearfully to the future; and that so freshest article in the present volume does little bas Napoleon succeeded in establishing not come down to that period. The volume a permanent or satisfying government for is made up of Mr. Martincau's earlier essays, France, that almost all parties look forward contributed to the Prospective Revicu. The to his death as the sign for a new revolution, subjects treated of were at that time of vital in which the spirit of French liberty (united interest—at least mainly so—and were treated perchance with that of French anarchy) shall with that thoroughness and brilliancy which again break loose and demand expression and Mr. Martineau brings to the treatment of representation ? We regard Mr. Abbott's every subject that he chooses to corsider. book as especially pernicious in tendency at The first two articles, on Whewell, will get this period of our history, because it attempts something of additional interest for the to exalt the blessings of imperialism and mag- reader at this present time, from his comparanify the dangers of republicanism at a time tiveiy recent death. The review of Oersted when we are ourselves longing for a stronger may be the means of reviving interest in a government than we now possess, to rescue a book by no means antiquated, and will at any large part of the country from anarchy and rate recall it pleasantly to those who knew it discord, and restore unity, peace, and harmo- of old; the articles on Plato and Sir Wilny to the nation.

liam Hamilton are as pertinent to-day as We have faith enough, however, in the when they were first written, Kingsley's American people to believe that they are able “ Phaethon" is so dead a book that it was to discriminate between strength and tyranny, hardly worth while to exhume it at this disbetween enforcement of laws and usurpation tance from its death, but his "Alexandria of rights, and that however much respect they and her Schools," is quite a different matter. may have for Mr. Abbott as a clergy man and Of Mr. Martineau, more than of any other a citizen, they will decline to allow them- writer of our time, it can be said, “Strength selves to be misled by his glittering general- and beauty are in his sanctuary.” He unites ities into a false worship of imperialism and in a singular degree the qualities of the metaan acceptance of Napoleons as examples for physician and the poet. Doubtless there are rulers and for mankind.

times when, if his diction were less rich, it

would be more clear, but they are not many, Essays Philosophical and Theological, by and upon the whole what is lost in definiteJAMES MARTINEAT, is one of those books of ness is more than made good by the suggestsolid value which William V. Spencer, of iveness which is eminently characteristic of Boston, takes fr.ch generous delight in giving his form of thought. to the world, though doubtless something nuch more trashy in its character would be The woman question haring occupied so

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large a portion of the public mind of late, we his journal are very strange, as for example, are not surprised at the welcome given to where on one day he ministers by the sick“Modern Women, and What is Said of bed of one of his parishoners, on the next Them,”—a reprint of thirty or forty essays makes her coffin, on the next attends her fuwhich have appeared during the last year in neral. He appears never to have been an inthe Saturday Review. Many of these essays dependent thinker, and to have had a mind have been copied by the local press all over remarkable for its lack of original the country, and one could hardly take up a ideas than for any thing else. To those who paper with any pretensions to literary merit knew him, this tribute to his moral excellence without seeing “Spoilt Women,"

must be very welcome, but it makes little or Girls," “ Ideal Women,” “Foolish Virgins," no demand outside the circle of his friends. or womau in some other of the many phases under which she is here represented. As for Mr. H. P. Lipdon has the reputation of the opening article, “ The Girl of the being the best preacher in the Church of Period,” in England it created such a sensa- England, as well as one of her ablest scholars tion that an edition of twenty-four thousand and divines. A volume of Sermons preached copies was sold in two-penny form. The before the University of Oxford by him, subjects are certainly treated in a evince a high order of merit; and though, as manner-such brilliancy of style and keen- was to be expected from the place in which ness of satire are very uncommon, and, they were delivered, and the audience usually though fortunately, British matrons and girls gathered there to listen to the select preachare the unhappy victims, yet “the cap fits” ers, the topics chosen, and the style and tone a good many of our fair Americans. There

of the sermons, would be somewhat special is enough truth in these essays to make the and pot entirely adapted to ordinary congreridicule telling, but on the whole they are gations; yet the sermons are most excellent shallow, and lacking in that earnestness reading, full of suggestive matter and conessential for a serious consideration of the veying the profoundest truths in chaste and much vexed question. Still, ridicule will eloquent language. No intelligent Christian goad some people on to better things, who

can peruse them without profit. (E. P. Dutwould be unaffected by an appeal to nobility ton & Co.) of purpose, and some eyes may be more widely opened to the evils of our social The Life and Public Services of Schuyler system by this book. There has been much Colfax; with his most Important Speeches. discussion as to the authorship of these arti- By E. W. MARTIN. Portrait, 8vo. New York cles, and especially has the question of sex (U. S. Publishing Co). This clearly printed been widely mooted. But after reading them, volume is an account of the public career how can any one imagine that the hand which of Mr. Colfax, sufficiently well told. Its repenned them was other than masculine ? cord value is higher than its biographical,

We are glad to see by the imprint, J. S. however. It gives a useful series of Mr. Redfield, that an old friend has rejoined the Colfax's speeches and debates, which show ranks. The book is neatly produced, with plainly his remarkable combination of able clear, pleasant type.

statesmanship, parliamentary dexterity, un

failing devotion to principle, and equally A Man in Earnest : Life of A. II. Co. unfailing kindness of heart and suave popnant,” by ROBERT COLLyer, is a little volume ularity of manner. Probably there is not creditable to the writer's heart, but which a more perfectly sweet-natured man alive will not add any thing to his fame. By far than Schuyler Colfax; nor one in whose recthe best part of it is the capital sermon de- titude of purpose and action more undoubtlivered at the grave of Mr. Conant several ing confidence may safely be placed. years ago. It was evidently for writing sermons, not biographies, that Mr. Collyer, the Men of Our Day; or Biographical Sketches most eloquent preacher of his sect, was raised of Patriots, Orators, Statesmen, &c., &c. By up. And yet it is very doubtful whether L. P. BROCKETT. Portraits. 8vo. Philad. many other persons could have made as (Zeigler, McCurdy & Co.) Biography is, permuch of Mr Conant's life as has been made haps, next to Romance, the most universally inby Mr. Collyer. It was a singularly unevent- teresting kind of reading. This collection of ful life, that of a Western Clergyman in a short sketches is intended to gratify that temsmall Western town. Some of the entries in porary intensification of the interest which has

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arisen along with the crop of new celebrities him to be a person all alive with the most thrown up by the war; much of it, of course, noble spirit of the time, it does not give bim telling the stories of men whose fame is based any high rank as a poet. In fact, his book on civic, military, or naval public services, is very hard reading. It is as ponderous in during the last seren years. The short space style as Milton, without any of Milton's inafforded to each subject necessarily renders ward ponderousness of thought and glory these brief narratives somewhat dry; nor is of imagination. The effect is rather ludithe author's style particularly spirited. The

It has been observed, “We do not work is more like a series of articles slightly need a yoke of oxen to draw a cart-load of expanded from the New American Cyclopa- apples over a smooth road." The author dia, than like a collection of new and living of “Life Below" thinks otherwise. And, facts.

what is worse, his apples are of an inferior

quality and still far from being ripe. In the School Room, by John S. Hart, LL.D. (Eldridge, Philad.) This book is a MESSRS. LITTLE, Brown & Co. have pubmixture, and its old fogyism is just as hearty lished a fifth edition of Mr. Jso. BARTLETT'S as its progressiveness; but no one at all in- collection of Familiar Quotations. The work terested in teaching can rise from its perusal has been long before the public, and is too well without having gained much both of pleasure known to call for description or comment. It is and of profit.

the fruit of scholarly and patient research, and The very brief chapter on training is ad- contains much valuable and curious informamirable; the plea for noise is hearty and re

tion. The book is one of that class so frefreshing; the chapter on “Attention" is full quently referred to, that no gentleman's liof profound philosophy and practical wis- brary should be without, but unlike some dom; and the “Argument for Common others usually included in this category, when Schools” is a noble paper, which would be placed in said lib:ary, it will be honored by creditable to the best man among us. In fine, frequent reference. This edition has been this is a book that will well repay per usal, carefully revised, and largely added to, and is and is sure to do much good whererer it is issued in an exceedingly attractive shape. read.

The Dictionary of Congress, by CHARLES AMONG the stardard books for libraries LANMAN, published by Belknap & Goodwin, lately published must we chronicle old Isaac of Hartford, has reached a fifth edition, which Disraeli's Literary Character of Men of includes the statistics of the Fortieth Con. Genius, which Mr. W. J. Widdleton has add- gress. It is a compilation containing much ed to his Riverside Classics, completing with

useful information that may “serve for the this volume his handsome edition of Disraeli's bistory of our times," and containing also a Works. The fact that there is a growing de- mass of biographical matter of very little inmand in this country for literature of this terest, and of doubtful utility. The plan of character, shows an increase in the number the work made it necessary to include the of a class of readers heretofore few among biographies of all who have served their Americans, who are possessed of leisure and country as Congressmen, but it is a little urscholarly tastes; for Disraeli's books, though fortunate that so many of the men whose reflective and full of quaint and unique in- records are thus handed down to posterity, formation, are somewhat aimless and gos- seem to have performed no service worth sipy, and can only be enjoyed when one has chronicling except that "they died.” a consciousness of time to spare, and a mind unharassed by the remembrance of pressing American Fish Culture, embracing all the duties.

Details of Artificial Breeding and Rearing

of Trout, Salmon, Shad, and other Fishes. Life Belov, in seven poems, published by By Thaddeus Norris. Illustrated, Phila. Messrs. llurd & lloughton, is an anonymous delphia (Porter & Coates). Fish, say some of publication, which we should like to praise the learned, are phosphorescent in substance; most heartily; for it is never pleasant to the human brain consumes phosphorus in the speak ill of books, especially when we do not processes of its mental agency; therefore a know the author's name. But while this fish diet is good for the intellect, and fish volume docs great credit to the liberal and culture is a main hope of human intellectual humane sympathies of its author, proving advancement. To this reply others of the

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