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FINE ARTS.

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BIERSTADT'S VESUVIUS.

opened a very handsome store and picture This picture, now for the first time exbibited gallery in Broadway, which he calls the in the United States, is one of the most bril- "American Athenæum." It will be “conliant and effective works Bierstadt has ever ducted by an Association," on a coöperative produced. It represents the magnificent vol. plan, and is designed to promote the interests cano of Italy in full eruption, at midnight; of literature and art by placing the products and the time chosen enables the artist to of each within the reach of the community. bring in the most powerful contrasts of color Books in every style of binding, oil-paintings, and effect. The spectator looks across a water-colors, engravings, and fancy articles broad, undulating surface of mountain-side, of every description, will be kept there partly whose rocky, snow-covered protuberances re- for sale and partly for distribution as prizes flect on the one side the red glare of the vol- to the members of the Association. Any canic flames, on the other, the cold white person desirous of becoming a member may light of the full moon. On the right hand, do so by simply purchasing books or stationthe dark ruin of the “hermitage” and the ery, or any other article offered for sale ; and branches of a clump of leafless tress, detain for every five dollars thus expended, he will the eye for a moment, and serve to throw be entitled to a certificate of membership, back the rolling masses of smoke in the dis- and a share in the distribution of the art-protance, and to deepen the impression of dreari- perty of the Association. The Athenæum ness and desolation the artist seeks to con- gallery contains several important works of vey. On the left stands the ridge of Somma, art, which we shall notice at length in our and in the distance beyond, nearer the centre next number. of the picture, rises the mighty cone of the

THE CAVÉ NETHOD OF DRAWING. volcano, from which a column of flame springs up into the heavens, surrounded by dense

Messrs. G. P. Putnam & Son have published

a translation of Madame Cave's method of rolling masses of smoke, which on one side droop downward and partly conceal the out

instruction in drawing, a work which has reline of the mountain. A stream of lava flows

ceived the warmest praise from some of the from the crater, its course marked by gleams first artists in France. Madame Cavé's system of flame and the cloud of smoke that hangs is very simple and practical. It would not over it. Far beyond all, in peaceful contrast

suit Mr. Ruskin, nor any of the Pre-Raphaelite with the awful grandeur of the display of vol- school; but it has its merits and advantages, canic energy, we catch glimpses of the deep and may be used in connection with other blue of the serene sky; and as the clouds of

methods. Less scientific and thorough than smoke rise from the crater and sweep about Ruskin's, it will take the learner more rapidly the mountain-side, they catch now the red

over the ground, and give a certain facility in glare of the volcanic flames, and now the cold handling the lead-pencil and crayon in much

less time. And this is what is wanted by a light of the moon, affording numberless and striking contrasts.

majority of boys and girls who take drawingThe picture is painted with Bierstadt's

lessons. They do not care to make a business usual care, and fidelity to detail. The snow

of it. They want to attain a certain facility covered knolls in the foreground display, in

and precision in handling, ability to make a the drawing and color, the most conscientious fair.copy from a picture, or a slight sketch study of form and effect, and the management

from nature, without going profoundly into of light and shadow thronghout the picture

the theory of art, or making themselves exbibits more subtlety and tenderness than

familiar with its higher principles. To such we have been accustomed to see in Bier

persons we cordially commend this little book. stadt's large compositions. We doubt not

It will put them in the way of learning easily that it will attract much attention in this

and quickly all they want to know concerning country, and add greatly to the artist's repu

art. Serious students of art, who intend to tation. It is at present on exhibition in Put

follow it as a profession, will, of course, nam's Art-Gallery.

prefer the more thorough methods of instruc-
tion, and they will seek the guidance of more

profound teachers. Madame Cavé did not Mr. H. W. DERBY, a gentleman who has write for them. She aimed to place a delightlong been associated with art-matters, has ful accomplishment within the reach of those

THE DERDY ATHENAUM,

PORTRAITS OF LINCOLY AND GRANT.

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who want to learn drawing for their amuse- picture of Grant that can, with justice, be ment and recreation, and she succeeded in called a portrait of him. making a very pleasant and useful little book.

7110MPSON'S STATUE OF GEX. SEDGWICK. It ought to become as popular in America as it is in France.

Last month Mr. LAUNT Thompson's statue of General Sedgwick, who fell in one of the

terrible battles in the Wilderness, was in:1uSitting for one's portrait is one of the gurated at West Point. The statue is cast of penalties of greatness. Happy the man so bronze cannon captured from the Confederates obscure that the public does not care to know during the war, and presented for the purhow he looks. The moment that, by some pose by Congress. It is of life-size, and regreat deed, or some monstrous crime, he presents the General just as he appeared emerges from obscurity, his face becomes when on military duty, dressed in a plain common property. Photographic galleries frock-coat, the badge of the Sixth Corps are ransacked by the indefatigable artists of upon the left breast. The hands are clasped illustrated papers for his picture, or some in front, holding the cap and sword. The one resembling his; he is beset with solicita- likeness is excellent, and the pose of the fig. tions to “sit" for this or that eminent “ope- ure noble and commanding. The work rerator,” or “photographic artist;" and, if his flects great honor on the accomplished artist celebrity survives a month, he is subjected to by whom it was executed. the mortification of a portrait in oils. Presi

MR. PRANG'S CHROMOS. dent Lincoln was a long-suffering victim to this mania. Few of the multitude of photo

MR. Louis Praxg sends us a very long graphs that crowded the print-shop windowsletter, in which he replies to the remark made did justice to the expression of his features, in this Magazine two months ago, that he or gave the faintest indication to the great- claims too much credit for himself as a pubness of his soul. The oil-portraits of him lisher of chromo-lith. pictures, and wishes were no better. Carpenter's has no life ;- to be regarded in the light of a benefactor to at first glance it bears a resemblance to the the human race—a sort of philanthropist in outward expression of the man, but a second art, etc. The remark was certainly not made look disappoints every one who has any ap- in a spirit of unkindness. As we have repreciation of Lincoln's character. Marshall's peatedly said, in these pages, we have much portrait is more artistic than Carpenter's, sympathy with Mr. Prang's enterprise, as we but is also wanting in expression. General have with every other enterprise that looks Grant has been equally unfortunate, until to the diffusion of culture among the workrecently, at least. His face is not an easy one ing classes of the country. We think, and to paint. It is a face that to a casual observer have frequently said so, that he is doing a wears a dull and stolid look, as if the owner good work in placing meritorious works of were utterly wanting in the higher attributes art within the reach of people whose means of intellect; and yet, to a close and appre- will not permit them to purchase expensive ciative observer, it is a face that reveals men- pictures; but we have observed in his circutal qualities of the very highest order. Such lars an implied claim to exemption from ada face is easy to caricature, but very hard to verse criticism, on this account-as if the fact portray, and most photographs, engravings, that the general tendency of his publications and oil-portraits we have seen, are utterly was to infuse a taste for art among the workworthless as interpretations of the man. ing classes, raised him above the rank of a Nearly all exaggerate the predominating trait tradesman in pictures. This claim cannot be of his character-his strength of purpose- allowed. Mr. Prang publishes chromo-lithoas if he had no other qualities. Marshall's graphs because he finds it a profitable busiportrait, it must be admitted, does not sin ness; if he did not, he would soon cease to in this direction. Mr. Littlefield's portrait, publish them. It is, of course, to his credit tbough very far from perfect, is a great im- that he generally selects good pictures to provement on this, and the engraving has copy, and that his work, with few exceptions, been executed by Mr. Gruber with skill and is well done.

In this portrait, we get a glimpse We cannot afford the space to print Mr. of Grant's character, and realize, from study Prang's letter in full; but, as it is only just of it, that he can be a great soldier and a that he should be allowed to speak in his great statesman.

It is, in fact, the only own justification, we give that part of his reply

care.

which relates immediately to the charge above would dream of such a policy. My customers, as referred to:

such, do not care a fig for philanthropy; if my picI have made no such claim in any

tures please them, they purchase; if not, not. public form. I make no “extravagant claims for Our readers wiil see that Mr. Prang admits myself." It is a phantasm of the brain of the

that his circulars will bear the inference we critic who first uttered it, this whole dream of bliss to the human race that I am accused of advertis

drew from them, and of course we could not ing, and supposed to harbor. Others have said, in be expected to know that the "enthusiasm" noticing my efforts, that I am doing a great service

apparent in his writings was not " personal” to the people; that I am a benefactor to the masses

We are gratified to learn that it is not, and by cheapening and disseminating admirable works of art; just, Mr. Putnam, as similar pleasant

that when Mr. Prang warms into eloquence things were said, and justly said of you, when first over his own productions, and dilates on their you demonstrated, years ago, that it was possible beneficial influence on the art-taste of the to publish and support a first-class magazine in

people, it is without any reference to his perAmerica. You did not accept these compliments personally, but officially only--as the most conspic- sonal agency in the work. uous representative, for the time, of a method of Mr. Prang asserts that “none but an supplying literature of a high character to the peo

expert can distinguish one of our best ple at large. So do I receire such words of cheer.

chromos from the original oil-painting," It is just to add that a seeming support to this statement-that I “want to be regarded as a bene

and further, claims that, although he hopes factor to the race, a sort of philanthropist in art”- for still further progress in the art, “ the might be drawn, by careless readers, from my let

same sentiment, the same delicacy of gradaters and publications in defence of chromo-lithography. I found, to my surprise, that those whom

tion, the same mysterious and indescribI had hoped would aid every effort to popularize

able loveliness of color, can be to-day atArt, were, as for the most part they are still, the tained in a chromo as fully and perfectly as most encrgetic opponents of the idea. I have,

in the original canvas.” The only way to therefore, taken occasion, from time to time, to espress and defend my own theories, and to support

make people believe this is to produce the them by all the voluntary testimony that I could work. He appeals from our criticism to the command from men eminent in Literature and Art. tribunal of the public; hut mere popularity In this work, necessarily, I have claimed that

is no test of merit, either in art or literature, chromo-lithography was a benefaction-a philanthropic agency, if you please; but, in my inno

and neither large sales nor hundreds of testicence, sir, I assure you that I never once thought monials from people who do not know one of the egotistical inference that has been drawn color from another, nor a chromo from an from it. “No man is safe," as Mr. Choate

oil-painting, will in the least influence our once said, " if every inference that might be drawn from his writings is to be regarded as proven against judgment in the matter. We shall gladly achim." I have no doubt that my personal enthusi- knowledge every step he makes in advance ; asm for my vocation may have sometimes led me

but we have not yet seen any chromo that to use unguarded language; but I do know that I

fully cheated us into the belief that we were have never thought of demanding any support from the public for any other reason than the excellence

looking at an oil-painting,—though we admit of my publications. No sensible man in my lino that M:. Prang's Crickens almost does that.

TABLE-TALK.

A FEW weeks ago there might have been and who seemed to be curiously interested in seen, to use Mr. James' famous recipe for what they found there. In fact, it was the getting his subject well in hand, on the tables library of the late Fitz-Greene Halleek which of one of our most respectable auctioneers, a was thus brought to the hammer, and the recollection of books, so worn and weather- sult of the sale is an illustration of the value beaten, so tumbled and dogs-eared, that it sometimes added to worthless things by their seemed as if some Fulton Street stall-keeper association with the memory of men of genmust have fallen on bankrupt days, and, des- ius. pairing of getting rid of his stock in the quar- Mr. Ialleck, although a man of culture and ter where it had been thumbed and turned well-read, was not a scholar, and seems not to over by impecunious people for a half-century have had any particular love of books for or so, had brought it to these handsome quar- their own sake; his library contained not ters for a last chance. Yet there was evi- more than five hundred volumes, and, of dently something more in it than this, for, these, none were rare, and few in the best gathered about the table where these books condition. Under ordinary circumstances it were spread, were men who are not used to would hardly have been possible to sell such traste their time over Fulton Street book-stalls, a collection for any thing more than its value as waste-paper; but it happened that these book-for it may be remembered that the first particular books brought large prices, in many edition of Paradise Lost was an extremely cases far beyond their original cost. The rea- well-printed, well-proportioned volume, a son for this was simply that the poet had small, thinnish quarto in large handsome type written his name in almost every volume, or —was then quite ruined, and its pecuniary had written verses upon the fly-leaves, or had value much diminished by the wanton scribadded manuscript notes. Now and then a bling of an ignorant and idle person. We volume bore beside Halleck's own name, that lighted the other cay upon a copy of the first of the distinguished person who had present- edition of that fine book, the “Christian Mored it to him. Thus, a shabby copy of Pick- als ” of Sir Thomas Browne. It is not at all a wick, Peterson's octavo edition, bound in common book. In much study of the shelves cloth,-a book to make a bibliopole shudder of second-hand book-shops we never had seen -brought eighteen dollars because it had another, and we were glad enough to secure Charles Dickens' autograph upon the title- this one, albeit a former owner had made it page. And a little book called the Cabinet of shabby with keeping his petty cash account Biography, value, in Nassau Street, sixpence on the fly-leaves. Sometimes, however, we or less, was sold for eleven dollars and a half, meet with a volume that has belonged to a because Mr. John Jacob Astor had written man well-known in the world of letters, and, his name in it. Commodore Perry's Report not only well-known, but learned, and, not of the Japan Expedition was transformed only learned, but writing an exquisite hand, into a cheerful volume from a very dry one, and better still, in the habit of writing upon by the addition of a poem which Halleck had the fly-leaves of his books whatever quotawritten upon a fly-leaf; and the Eighth Cen- tions, references, notes, and the like, belong. sus of the United States was made more en- ed to the subject of the volume. Such a man tertaining than it could ever have been, even was the late Reverend John Mitford, the auto the most enthusiastic lover of statistics, by thor of a History of Greece, and the editor of the insertion of a sqnib from the same lively Milton and Dryden. Some years since, liis per. There was spirited bidding, too, for the valuable library was sold and dispersed, and copy of “Fanny,” edition of 1819, in which many of the books were brought to this coun. the blanks were filled with the names they try. A small copy of Bacon's “ Advancestood for, in the handwriting of the poet, and ment of Learning” that belonged to him, the little book was knocked down for ten dol- well printed and well bound (and Mitford lars, when without the autograph it would seems to have been fastidious in bis taste for hardly have fetched one.

elegant books), fell to our modest share of this

treasure, and we confess that it is always For all that, we do not recommend writing pleasant, in spite of our prejudices, to see the in one's books. Not every man is famous, exquisitely delicate writing, fine and clear as and able on that account to add value to a copperplate, and yet with all the characterisbook by his handwriting, nor is everybody's tics of the human hand, in which Mitford's handwriting an ornament in itself, making the notes are written. Often, too, they are amus. book better worth having. As a rule nothing ing, or. contain information that Mitford had is more disagreeable to a true lover of books come across in bye-ways, as in the following: than to see the name of a former owner writ. “ In Holkham Library is a Presentation Copy ten upon the title-page, or words underlined, of the 'Novum Organon,' 1620, to Coke; the or admiration of particular passages express. following note appears in Coke's writing : ed by exclamation marks, or us, or even

• Edw, Coke. Ex dono authoris by notes, however learnedly explanatory of

auctori consilium. passages that present no difficulty whatever. Instaurare paras veterum documento Sophorum, In the library which the late Mr. Douce be

Instaura leges, justitiam que prius.' queathed to the Massachusetts Historical So

In this first edition is a figure of a ship ciety, we saw lately a copy of that almost passing between the Pillars of Hercules: this sacred book, the first edition of the Paradise ship Coke sarcastically conceits as “The Ship Lost, in which, not only was the title-page of Fooles,' and has written this distich over it. scribbled over with the writing of the original owner, but that disagreeable person had

• It deserveth not to be read in schools,

But to be freighted in the ship of Fooles.' numbered every line up to the one hundredth, if we recollect aright, with a clumsy numeral This is an interesting item in the social his. in ink. The beauty of this copy of a precious tory of these two famous men, and the bad

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ness of Coke's versc shows how well the muse or too proud to betray that they are do! revenged herself upon him for his hatred of indifferent. It is the same if one goes to & her chosen son.

first-class restaurant. Let him calculate erer In his advertisement prefixed to his edition so closely and accurately, from the few data of Milton, Mitford says that the copy of Jon- furnished him, and he will find that the proson's Milton formerly owned by Bentley now prietor's calculations are made after a very belongs to him, and that the famous emenda- different arithmetic from his own. If he be tions published by the great scholar are all bent upon going to these places, he must diswritten on the margins, besides a large num- miss from his mind all care for the cost, live ber of additional ones that have never yet without counting it beforehand, and perer been printed. It would be a curious subject allow himself to think of it afterward. for an idle investigator to tell us how many In this way he will not only enjoy that peace famous men have been in the habit of writing of mind that comes from an undisturbed diges. and marking in their books, and how many tion, but he will propitiate the clerk, the books have had their origin in notes collected waiters, and the porters; and the man who in this way. Perhaps the most memorable can once succeed in doing this, may live in scribblings of this sort are the famous sketches any hotel he chooses, as long as he can keep in illustration of Dante's Commedia, which on doing it. The rule is simple: pay, with a Michel Angelo is said to have made upon the cheerful countenance, every thing that is de margins of his copy, and which, on some oc- manded; give gratuities at every step for the casion or other, were lost at sea.

slightest services, or for none at all; ask for

nothing out of the common; make no coneTHE REVEREND Newman Hall has been plaint to anybody of anybody else, and perwriting down his reminiscences of America, haps, on your leaving, the bland bejewelled and, among other things, he gives us a story and pomatumed clerk will offer his hand to of the way in which he was treated at no less his impoverished guest. This, however, is a place than the Tremont House in Boston, not to be depended upon as certain. There though the gross overcharge he complains of are clerks who make it a rule never to shake would doubtless liave been made at many of hands with any one who has not lived sis the hotels in our country that are proudest of months in their botels, or whom they hare calling themselves first-class establishments. any reason to suspect is going away because Ur. Hall should have been informed by his he cannot afford to stay any longer. friends, all of whom, if they had travelled in the country, knew very well that by a first- In England, a subscription has been for class hotel in America is meant a place where some time on foot, to erect a monument to the highest possible charges are made for the the memory of Leigh Hunt in the cemetery least possible services, and the least personal of Kensall Green, where he lies buried with comfort. Hotel keeping in America has now so many other distinguished men, and, like become a mere speculation, nothing more, so many others, without any stone to mark and the problem presented to the owners is- his grave. Mr. George W. Childs of Philaand very successively is it being solved, too, delphia, the well-known publisher, bearing to raise the premium to the very highest that the sum of £80 was wanted to complete point that it is found the public will bear, to the necessary amount, offered to pay so much diminish the comforts given in exchange for as his contribution ; but by the time his genthe money paid, to the lowest point consistent erons intentions were made known in Engwith keeping up appearances, and to drop off land, the money had all been subscribed. the body politic as soon as they are gorged. Indeed, one can but wonder a little that there They then sell out to a new set of leeches, and should ever have been question, in a country the game begins again. The extortion com- so rich as England, and among a people plained of by Mr. Hall we do not believe pe- who owe so many happy hours to the proculiar to his Boston hotel; it is the rule, ductions of his pen, as to the possibility of doubtless, at all the other Boston houses, as raising money for a monument to this delightit is in New York, Philadelphia, Washington, ful writer. He was the last of a group of and the other large cities of the Union. To men whose words fill a notable page in the go to a first-class hotel in New York city, and history of English literature. He was the to get into a hack in the same city, are things friend, the no less honored, than he was beonly to be thought of by those who are rich loved, companion of them all. He had his enough to be indifferent to the cost of living, failings, but they only seemed to draw his

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