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Non exercitûs neque thēsaurī praesidia rēgni sunt, vērum

amīcī, quos neque armīs cogere neque aurā parāre

queās; officio et fidē pariuntur. The safeguards of the throne are neither armies nor treas

ures, but friends, who can neither be collected by arms nor bought with gold, but are the fruit of kindness and

loyalty. JUGURTHA, 10. Non võtīs neque suppliciīs muliebribus auxilia deorum

parantur. The help of the gods is not won by vows and womanish

prayers. CATILINE, 52. Omne bellum sūmī facile, cēterum aegerrumē dēsinere; non

in čiusdem potestāte initium eius et finem esse; incipere

cuivīs, etiam īgnāvõ licēre, dēpõni cum victòrēs velint. War is always easy to start, but very hard to end; nor is the

beginning and ending of it in the hands of the same man; any one, even a coward, may take up arms, but they can be

laid down only at the will of the victor. — JUGURTHA, 83. Omnia mala exempla ex bonīs orta sunt. Every bad precedent has sprung from a good measure.

- CATILINE, 51. Omnia orta occidunt et aucta senēscunt. Everything rises only to fall, and waxes only to wane.

- JUGURTHA, 2. Omnis hominēs, patrēs conscrīptī, quī dē rēbus dubiīs con

sultant, ab odio, amīcitiā, īrā atque misericordiā vacuos

esse decet. Men who deliberate on doubtful measures should be free from

hatred, friendship, anger, and pity. - CATILINE, 51. Paucīs cārior fidēs quam pecúnia fuit. Few held honesty dearer than money. — JUGURTHA, 16.

Plūrumum facere, minumum ipse dē sē loqui.
He did the most, but talked about himself the least.

- JUGURTHA, 6.

Prius qua

incipiās consulto et ubi consulueris mātūrē facto opus est. Think before you begin; but after you have thought, act in

the nick of time. — CATILINE, 1.

Pro ārīs atque focīs.
For our altars and our hearths.

CATILINE, 59.

Pulchrum est bene facere rei pūblicae ; etiam bene dicere

haud absurdum est. 'Tis most honorable to serve the state well ; 'tis by no means

discreditable to speak well in its behalf. Catiline, 3.

Pūnicā fidē.
With Punic faith. JUGURTHA, 108.

Quanta cūiusque animo audācia nātūrā aut moribus inest,

tanta in bello patēre solet. Quem neque gloria neque perīcula excitant, nēquiquam hortēre; timor animi

auribus officit. A man displays no more daring in war than he possesses

through his disposition or character. Vain is any appeal to one who is not roused by glory or by a sense of danger ; fear stops his ears. — Catiline, 58.

Qui māgno imperio praediti in excelso aetatem agunt,

eorum facta cūncti mortālēs novēre. The doings of those who are invested with great power and live in exalted station are known to the whole world.

– CATILINE, 51.

Quippe rēs hūmānae ita sēsē habent; in victoriā vel ignāvis

gloriārī licet, advorsae rēs etiam bonās dētrectant. Thus it is in the affairs of men; in victory even cowards

may boast, while defeat casts discredit even upon the brave. — JUGURTHA, 53.

Quocumque ire placet, ferro iter aperiundum est.
Wherever we decide to go, the way must be opened with the

sword. — Catiline, 58.

Quo minus petēbat gloriam eo magis illum sequēbātur.
The less he sought fame, the more it pursued him.

- CATILINE, 54. Rēgibus bonī quam mali suspectiòrēs sunt, semperque iīs

aliēna virtūs formīdulösa est. Kings are prone to suspect the good rather than the bad, and they always view another's virtues with alarm.

- CATILINE, 7. Semper in proelio iīs māxumum est periculum, qui māxumē

timent; audācia pro mūro habētur. In battle it is always the greatest coward that runs the greatest risk; courage is as good as a wall around one.

CATILINE, 58. Ubi intenderis ingenium, valet; si lubīdo possidet, ea domi

nātur, animus nihil valet. Exert the mind and it is strong; but if passion gets hold, it

masters one, and the reason is powerless. — Catiline, 51. Vigilando, agundo, bene consulundo prospera omnia cēdunt. Vigilance, action, wise counsels, - these insure success.

CATILINE, 52.

VOCABULARY.

ABBREVIATIONS.

abl.,

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m.,

ablative. acc., accusative. adj., adjective. adv., adverb. cf. (= confer), compare. Cic., Cicero. comp., comparative. conj., conjunction. dat., dative. def., defective. dem., demonstrative. desid., desiderative. dim., diminutive. distrib., distributive. f., feminine. foll., followed. freq., frequentative. gen., genitive. impers., impersonal. ind., indirect. indecl., indeclinable. indef., indefinite.

indicative. inf., infinitive. insep., inseparable.

inter., interrogative. locat., locative.

masculine. n., neuter. nom., nominative. num., numeral. obs., obsolete. orig., originally. part., participle. pass., passive. perf., perfect. pers., personal. pl., plural. poss., possessive. prep., preposition. pres., present. pron., pronoun, pronominal. ques., question. reflex., reflexive. rel., relative. sc. (= scīlicet), supply. semi-dep., semi-deponent. sing., singular. subj., subjunctive. sup. or superl., superlative.

indic.,

Roots are printed in small capitals, as AC, CAD.

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