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amoenus, -a, -um, adj., pleasant. , animal, -ālis, [anima], n., aniamor, -oris, (am, love], m.,

love ;

mal. passion.

animus, -ī, [an, breathe], m., a-moveo, -ēre, -movī, mātus, soul, mind, mental powers, remove.

reason; state of mind, feeling, amplector, -i, -plexus sum, [am inclination, baser inclinations,

+ plecto, twine], embrace, in- passion; disposition, temper, clude, adopt.

character; courage, resolution, samplexor, -ārī, -ātus sum, [freq. spirit; purpose, determination;

of amplector], embrace,cherish. the gen. is sometimes not transamplitūdē, -inis, (amplus], f., lated, as virtūs animī, courgreatness, distinction, promi- age; sometimes translated by

personal pronoun, as animus amplius, (comp. of amplus and ausus est, I ventured; con

amplē], indecl. adj. and adv., scius animus, conscience; aefurther, more.

quo animo, calmly; in animum amplus, -a, -um, [am + PLE, indūcere, make up one's mind, fill], adj., great, magnificent, resolve, determine.

glorious, renowned, honorable. Annius, -a, name of a Roman an, conj. introducing the second gens; Q. Annius Chilo, a part of a double question, or ; senator, was one of Catiline's

an, whether . . . or. confederates. The first part is sometimes annus, -ī, m., year. merely implied, in which case annuus, -a, -um, [annus], adj., an is often not translated, as for a year, annual, yearly. An uti vos . . . faceret (Was ante, adv. and prep., before : it for any other purpose or) (1) As adv., before, previously, Was it to make you, etc. ? ago, ante quam, sooner than, Nēscio an, I know not but, I before, until. am inclined to think, probably, (2) As prep. with acc., before, perhaps.

in advance of; ante aliquem anceps, -cipitis, [ambi+caput], esse, surpass, excel any one;

adj., two-headed, double, two- in dates, ante diem, on such fold.

a day before, as, ante diem angulus, -ī, m., angle, corner. VI. Kal., on the sixth day angustiae, -ārum, [angustus, before the Calends.

narrow], f. pl., defile, pass. anteā, [ante + eā], adv., before, anima, -ae, [An, breathe], f., previously, formerly.

breath, life, existence, mind, ante-capio, -ere, -cēpī, -captus, soul.

seize beforehand, provide for animadvorto (verto), -ere, -tī, before, anticipate, forestall.

-sus, [animum + advorto, turn ante-hāc, adv., before this. to], notice, observe; with in antelūcānus, -a, -um, [ante + and acc., punish.

lāx), adj., before light; with

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cēna, lasting till daybreak, aquila, -ae, f., (eagle), the eagle, all night.

the standard of the Roman leante-põnõ, -ere, -posuī, -positus, gion, consisting of a silver or

place before, think of more golden eagle carried on a pole. importance, prefer.

āra, -ae, f., altar. antīquus, -a, -um, [ante], adj., arbiter, -trī, [ad + BA, go], m.,

old; as noun, antiqui, -ōrum, spectator, witness. m. pl., the ancients, men of arbitror, -ārī, -ātus sum, [arbiold.

ter], be of the opinion, believe, Antonius, -a, name of a Roman consider, think.

gens; C. Antonius Hybrida arcesso, -ere, -īvī, -ītus, [ad + was Cicero's colleague in the cēdā), call for, send for, sumconsulship.

mon, invite. anxius, -a, -um, [ang, squeeze], ārdēns, -entis, [ārdeo, burn], adj., anxious, troubled.

adj., fiery, ardent, intense. aperió, īre, aperui, apertus, arduus, -a, -um, adj., steep;

[ab + pariā], open, disclose, difficult, arduous. explain.

argenteus, -a, -um, [argentum], apertē, (apertus, open], adv., adj., of silver, silver.

openly, clearly, without re- argentum, -1, [ARG, bright], n., serve.

silver, silver money. apparātus, -a, -um, [apparā, arma, -ōrum, [ar, fit], n. pl., prepare], adj., (made ready), arms, weapons. sumptuous.

armātus, -a, -um, (part. of armo], appello, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [ad + adj., armed, in arms, well

pello], address, speak to, ac- armed, equipped; as noun, cost; approach, appeal to; armātī, -ōrum, m. pl., armed name, mention, call by name, men, men in arms. call to, call.

armo, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [arma], appetēns, -entis, (part. of ap- arm, equip.

peto), adj. with gen., grasp- arõ, -āre,-āvī, -ātus, [AR, plough), ing after, eager for.

plough, till, cultivate. appeto, -ere, -īvi or-is, -ītus, Arrētīnus, -a, -um, [Arrētium),

[ad + peto], strive after, aim adj., Arretine, of or pertaining at, seek, desire.

to Arretium, a town in Etruria. approbo, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [ad + arrigo, -ere, -rēxi, -rēctus, [ad probo], favor, approve.

+ regõ], rouse, excite. aptus, -a, -um, [AP, lay hold], ars, artis, [Ar, fit], f., skill, art,

adj., with ad, suited, adapted. profession; conduct, practice, apud, prep.with acc., with, among; character ; quality.

at the house of; in the hands artē, [artus, close), adv., closely,

of ; in the days of; at, in. compactly, in close array. Apūlia, -ae, f., Apulia, a district ascīsco, see adscisco. in southeastern Italy.

Asia, -ae, f., Asia Minor, Asia.

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asper, -era, -erum, adj., rough, + tero, rub], wear away, de

rugged ; difficult, perilous ; dis- stroy, weaken, impair. agreeable, discouraging, des- attribuo, -ere, -uī, -ūtus, [ad + perate, disastrous.

tribuo), assign, allot. aspernor, -ārī, -ātus sum, [ab+ attulī, see affero.

spernor, despise], spurn, scorn. auctor, -āris, [Avg, grow], m., aspiciö, -ere, -exī, -ectus, [ad+ originator, doer; authority,

specio, look], look upon, look source of information, voucher, at.

guarantor, security. astūtia, -ae, [astūtus, wary], f., auctoritās, -ātis, [auctor), f.,

adroitness, shrewdness, cun- influence, authority, weight. ning.

audācia, -ae, [audāx], f., daring, at, conj., introducing (1) a con- courage, boldness, effrontery,

trast, but, but on the other hand, recklessness. but yet; (2) a qualification, audācter, [audāx], adv., boldly, but yet, and yet, nevertheless, courageously. however; (3) a direct opposi- audāx, -ācis, (audeo], adj., dartion, but, but on the contrary; ing, bold, reckless, audacious, (4) an objection, at enim, but foolhardy, desperate. you say.

audeo, -ēre, ausus sum, semiAthēniēnsēs, -ium, [Athēnae], dep., venture, dare. m. pl., the Athenians.

audio, -ire, -ivī or -17, -ītus, hear, atque, before consonants ac, hear of.

[ad + -que], conj., emphasiz- augeō, -ēre, auxi, auctus, [Avg, ing what follows, and also, and grow], increase, augment, eneven, as well as, and; and so, large, advancé, strengthen. and further, and especially, Aurēlius, -a, name of a Roman moreover, and yet; simul ac, gens; Aurēlia Orestilla was as soon as ; iūxtā ac, just as, Catiline's second wife. as little as; contrā ac, con- Aurēlius, -a, -um, adj., Aurelian; trary to what; alius atque, Aurēlia via, the Aurelian Way, other than.

the military road running north atrocitās, -ātis, (atrox], f., enor- along the coast from Rome to mity, atrocity.

Pisa. atrox, -ācis, [āter, black], adj., auris, -is [av, notice], f., ear.

atrocious, monstrous, inhuman, aut, conj., or; aut aut, horrible; perilous.

either . attendo, -ere, -tendī, -tentus, autem, postpositive conj., how

[ad + tendo], direct one's ever, but, on the other hand, attention to, attend to, con- whereas, while, moreover,

then sider.

again, then, now. attentē, [attentus, attentive], Autronius, -a, name of a Roman

adv., carefully, thoroughly. gens; P. Autronius Paetus, atterā,, -ere, -trīvī, -trītus, [ad elected consul in B.c. 66, but


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disqualified for bribery, became | bipartīto, [DVI, two + partior, one of Catiline's most active

divide], adv., in two divisions, confederates.

in two parties. auxilium, -i, [Avg, grow], n., bonum, ī, [bonus), n., good

help, aid, assistance, support. thing, advantage, benefit, welavāritia, -ae, [avārus, greedy of fare, honor; the good, goodgain], f., greed, avarice, rapac- ness ; bona, -ōrum, n. pl.,

property, possessions ; bona avidus, -a, -um, [av, desire], patria, inheritance, patrimony. adj., with gen., eager,

desirous. bonus, -a, -um, comp. melior, ā-vorto, -ere, -tī, -sus, turn away, sup. optumus (optimus), adj., turn aside.

good, respectable, honorable,

worthy, brave, noble, true, B.

honest, loyal ; capable; valubarbarī, -ōrum, (BAR, stammer], able ; bona fāma, fair fame ; m. pl., barbarians.

as noun, bonī, -ōrum, m. pl., barbātus, -a, -um, [barba, beard], the higher classes, the arisadj., bearded.

tocracy. beātus, -a, -um, [beo, make brevī, [abl. of brevis, sc. tem

happy], adj., happy, prosper- pore], adv., in a short time, ous, rich, well-to-do.

quickly. bellicosus, -a, -um, [bellicus, brevis, -e, (BREG, break], adj., warlike), adj., warlike.

short, brief. bellum, -1, [for duellum from Bruttius, -a, -um, (Bruttiī], duõ], n., war.

adj., of the Bruttii, Bruttian; bēlua, -ae, f., beast, animal. ager Bruttius, the country of bene, [bonus], adv., well; bene the Bruttii, the southernmost

dicere or disserere, speak or district of Italy. discuss eloquently; bene con- Brūtus, -i, [brūtus, heavy), m., sulere, deliberate wisely, pru- a Roman cognomen; D. Iūdently; bene pollicērī, make nius Brūtus, D. Junius Brufair promises ; bene facere, tus, consul in B.c. 77, was the with dat., be of service to, husband of Sempronia. benefit; bene facta, good deeds, benefits.

C. beneficium, -1, [beneficus, gen

erous], n., kindness, service, C., abbreviation for Gāius, a favor, benefit.

Roman praenomen, or foreBēstia, -ae, m., a cognomen in

the Calpurnian gens; L. Cal- cadāver, -eris, [cado], n., dead purnius Bēstia was

one of

body, corpse. Catiline's confederates. cado, -ere, cecidī, cāsūrus, [CAD, bīnī, -ae, -a, [DVI, two], distrib. fall], fall; be killed; happen,

num. adj., two each, two.

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caedēs, -is, (scid, split], f., mur- in the northwestern part of

der, massacre, slaughter. Rome, where the people ascaelātus, -a, -um, [caelo, en- sembled for games and military

grave), adj., carved, sculptured, exercises, and for the elections engraved.

at the comitia centuriāta. caelum, -ī, [cav, hollow], n., sky, canis, -is, m. and f., dog. heaven.

cano, -ere, cecinī, cantus, [CAN, Caepārius, -i, [caepe, onion), sound], sound ; sīgna canere,

m., a Roman name; Q. Cae- sound the signal for battle. pārius (in Cic., M. Cēpārius), capesso, -ere, -ivī, -ītus, [desid. a Terracinian, was one of Cati- from capió], (seize eagerly), line's confederates.

take hold of; capessere rem Caesar, -aris, m., name of a pūblicam, take an active in

family in the Julian gens : terest in the state. (1) L. Iūlius Caesar, L. Julius capillus, -7, [caput], m., the hair.

Caesar, consul B.c. 64, was capiö, -ere, cēpī, captus, [CAP, an uncle of Mark Antony, take], take, take up, seize ; take and a distant relative of C. captive, capture; captivate, fasJulius Caesar.

cinate; take by storm, carry (2) Gāius Iūlius Caesar, Gaius by assault; form, conceive,

Julius Caesar, the famous receive, contain; consilium conqueror of Gaul and dic

capere, adopt. tator, was leader of the pop- capitālis, -e, [caput], adj., (inular party in B.c. 63.

volving life), capital; rēs capicalamitās, -ātis, f., disaster, tālis, capital crime. misfortune, ruin.

Capito, -ōnis, [caput], m., a calamitosus, -a, -um, [calami- Roman name; P. Gabinius

tās), adj., disastrous, ruinous, Capito, of the equestrian order, unfortunate.

was one of Catiline's chief concallidus, -a, -um, [calleo, be cal- federates.

lous], adj., shrewd, cunning, Capitolium, -1, [caput], n., the crafty.

Capitol, the temple of Jupiter cālo, -ōnis, m., camp-servant. on the Capitoline Hill in Rome. calumnia, -ae, f., malicious ac- captā, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [freq. cusation, false charge.

from capio], grasp at, strive camera, -ae, [CAM, bend], f., after.

vaulted or arched roof. Capua, -ae, f., Capua, the capiCamers, -ertis, [Camerīnum], tal of Campania, a rich and

m. and f., Camertian, an in- luxurious city. habitant of the town Camerī- caput, capitis, n., head; suprā num in Umbria.

caput esse, descend upon, be campus, ī, [SCAMP, dig), m., close at hand.

plain; campus Mārtius, a carcer, carceris, m., prison; grassy plain along the Tiber especially the state prison at

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