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con-ferō, -ferre, -tulī, collātus, con-iungo, -ere, -iūnxi, -iūnctus, compare, contrast; sē con

with sē, join. ferre, betake one's self, go. coniūrātī, -ōrum, (conjūrā), m. confertus, -a, -um, (part. of con- pl., conspirators.

ferciò, crowd together], adj., coniūrātio, -ōnis, [coniūrő], f., pressed close, crowded, thick, conspiracy, plot. dense.

con-iūrā, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, swear confestim, [com + FEND, strike], together, conspire, form a con

adv., immediately, at once. spiracy, plot. conficio, -ere, -fēcī, -fectus, [com conor, -ārī, -ātus sum, attempt,

+facio], accomplish, do, make, try, endeavor. complete, finish, settle, close; conscientia, -ae, [conscio, be exhaust, wear out.

conscious of], f., consciouscon-fīdo, -ere, -fīsus sum, [fīdā, ness; conscience.

trust], semi-dep., with dat. of conscius, -a, -um, [com + sciā), person, trust to, rely on; with adj., with gen., conscious of, acc. and inf., be confident, be privy to, concerned in, having assured.

knowledge of, feeling guilty of; con-fīrmo, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, conscius animus, conscience.

[fīrmo, make firm], strengthen, con-scríbo, -ere, -scripsī, -scripestablish; assure, afirm; en- tus, enroll, enlist. courage, cheer; confīrmāto conscrīptus, -ī, [conscrībā), m., animo, summoning up cour- one enrolled ; patrēs conscrīpti age, taking courage.

for patrēs et conscrīptī, fathers confiteor, -ērī, -fessus sum, [com (and) elect (a term used in

+ fateor, confess], with acc. addressing the senate), senaand inf., confess, make con- tors. fession, acknowledge.

cõn-senẽscõ, here, -senui, con-flīgo, ere, -flixi, flīctus, [senēsco, inceptive from sene),

[flīgo, strike], with cum, fight, be old], grow old, become enengage.

feebled, lose strength. côn-fo, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [flo, con-sequor, -sequi, -secātus sum,

blow], with acc. and dat., follow up, overtake; attain, kindle, inflame, rouse, excite; aes alienum conflāre, heap up con-servo, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, save, or contract a debt.

preserve, maintain. con-fluo, -ere, -fluxī, flow considero, -āre, -āvi, -ātus, look together, pour into.

at closely, look on, regard atcon-fodio, -ere, födī, -fossus, tentively, consider, contemplate,

[fodio, dig), stab, pierce, as- think of. sassinate.

con-sīdo, -ere,

-sessus, conicio, -ere, -iēcī, -iectus, [com [sīdo, sit], encamp, pitch camp.

+ iació, throw], with in and consilium, -i, [cf. consulõ], n., acc., throw, cast, put.

deliberation, determination,



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measure, course, plan, plot, m., consul, title of the two purpose, 7


intention, project, chief Roman magistrates, who idea, design, wise counsel, were elected annually ; consul wisdom, shrewdness, penetra- dēsīgnātus, consul elect, i.e. tion, power to plan; council, one who had been elected conmeeting; novom consilium, sul, but had not yet begun his new precedent, departure from term of office. precedent.

consulāris, -e, [consul], adj., of con-sõlor, -ārī, -ātus sum, [sõlor, a consul, consular; as noun,

comfort], console, comfort, consulāris, -is, m., ex-consul, cheer.

man of consular rank. conspició, -ere, -spexi, -spectus, consulātus, -ūs, [consul], m.,

[com + SPEC, see], catch sight consulship, consulate. of, see ; pass., attract attention, consulō, -ere, -sului, -sultus,

be conspicuous, be noticed. [com + sal, leap), deliberate ; constanter, [constāns, firm], take counsel for, have regard

adv., steadily, uniformly. for, care for; consult, ask adconstantia, -ae, [constāns, firm], vice, refer, put the question ;

f., firmness, constancy, consis- determine, decide; bene or tency, steadfastness.

male consulere, adopt good or con-sterno, -ere, -strāvī, -strā

bad measures. tus, [sterno, spread], build consulto, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [freq. over, cover.

from consulõ], deliberate, conconstituā, -ere, -stituī, -stitūtus, sult; take counsel for, care

[com+statuõ], place, station, for, look to the interests of. post ; form, draw up; deter- consultum, -ī, (part. of consulā], mine, appoint, fix, determine n., deliberation, consultation; upon, decide, arrange, estab- decree, resolution. lish.

con-sūmā, -ere, -sūmpsī, -sümpcon-sto, -āre, -stitī, -stātūrus, tus, waste, squander.

used impersonally with acc. contāgio, -ōnis, [com + TAG, and inf., be established, be touch], f., contagion, infection. proved, be evident; mihi con- con-temno, -ere, -tempsī, -temp

stābat, I was firmly convinced. tus, (temno, slight], despise, con-suēsco, -ere, -suēvī, -suētus, hold in contempt, scorn.

[inceptive from consueo, be con-tendo, -ere, -tendī, -tentus, accustomed], become

with ad, press on, push on, tomed; perf. tenses, be accus- hasten ; with cum, fight, contomed, be wont.

tend. consuētūdē, -inis, [consuētus, contentio, -ōnis, [com + TEN,

part. of consuēsco], f., custom, stretch], f., contention, strughabit, practice; intimacy, in- gle, strife. trigue.

con-terõ,-ere,-trīvi, -trītus, [tero, consul, -ulis, (com + sal, leap], rub], consume, spend, waste.


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continentia, -ae,

[continēns, come together, assemble; meet self-restrained], f., self-re- with, have an interview with ; straint, self-control.

convenit, impers., it is fitting, contineo, -ēre, -tinui, tentus, it ought, it is consistent.

[com+teneo), enclose, bound, conventus, -ūs, [com+ven, go], confine ; restrain, hold in check, m., meeting, assembly. curb.

convertā, see convorto. continuo, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [con- con-vinco, -ere, -vici, -victus,

tinuus, continuous), build ad- convict, prove guilty. joining, erect in rows.

convivium, -7, (com + viv, live], contio, -ōnis, [for conventio from n., banquet, feast.

com + ven, go], f., meeting, con-voco, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, call assembly of citizens or soldiers, together, convoke, summon, not to vote, but merely to dis- assemble. cuss soine matter.

con-vorto, -ere, -vorti, -vorsus, contiõnātor, -ōris, [contiānor, turn back, turn; alter, change.

meet], m., haranguer, dema- coperió, -ire, -rui, -rtus, [com+ gogue.

operió, cover], cover, bury, contrā, adv. and prep. :

steep. (1) As adv., on the contrary, copia, -ae, [com+ops], f., sing.,

on the other hand; contrā abundance, plenty; multitude, ac, contrary to, different great number, variety; numfrom what.

ber, force, army; material ; (2) As prep. with acc., against, means, advantage; pl., forces,

contrary to, in opposition to, troops, resources, wealth, for-
in hostility to, in spite of; tune, fund.
contrā rem pūblicam facere, cor-, see cum- in composition.
be guilty of high treason ; Cornēlius, -a, name of a very
contrā lubidinem animī famous Roman gens contain-

facere, act dispassionately. ing both patrician and plecon-trahō, -ere, -trāxi, -trāctus, beian families; C. Cornēlius,

accomplish, cause, produce ; a knight, was a Catilinarian amplius negāti contrahere, get conspirator who volunteered one's self into or become in- to assassinate Cicero.

volved in greater difficulties. Cornificius, i, m., name of a controversia, -ae, [controversus, Roman gens; Q. Cornificius,

disputed], f., quarrel, dispute, tribune of the plebs in B.C. 69 controversy.

and a candidate for the consulcontumēlia, -ae, f., insult, in- ship in B.C. 64, was famous dignity, outrage.

for his integrity and literary con-turbo, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, ability.

(turbo, disturb], disturb, dis- corpus, -oris, n., body; līberum quiet.

corpus habēre, retain one's con-venio, -ire, -vēnī, -ventus, personal freedom.

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corrigó, -ere, -rēxī, -rēctus, [com men), accuse, charge, denounce,

+regõ], correct, set right. find fault with. corripið, -ere, -ripui, -reptus, Crīspus, -], [crīspus, curly[com + rapiā], seize.

headed], m., Sallust's cognocor-rumpo, -ere, -rūpī, -ruptus, men; see Sallustius. corrupt, ruin, waste.

Crotoniēnsis, -e, [Croto or Crocorruptor, - ris, (com + RVP, ton], adj., Crotonian, of Cro

break], m., seducer, corruptor. tona, a town on the east coast corruptus, -a, -um, (part. of of Bruttium, the southernmost

corrumpo], adj., corrupted; district of Italy (now Crotone).

corrupt, abandoned, profligate. cruciatus, -ūs, [crució, torture), cotīdiānus, -a, -um, [cotīdiē], in., torture, torment, suffering. adj., daily.

crūdēlis, -e, [crūdus, bloody], cotīdiē, [quot+diēs], adv., daily. adj., unfeeling, cruel, inhuman, Cotta, -ae, m., name of a Roman

ruthless, unrelenting, fierce. family; L. Aurēlius Cotta was crūdēlitās, -ātis, [crūdēlis], f., consul in B.C. 65, and after- cruelty, severity.

ward princeps senātās. crūdēliter, [crūdēlis], adv., in Crassus, -ī, [crassus, fat], m., a cruel manner, cruelly.

name of a Roman family incruentus, -a, -um, [crv, raw], the Licinian gens; M. Licinius adj., bloody, blood-stained, Crassus, the wealthy triumvir, drenched with blood. was suspected of being con- cruor, -ōris, [crv, raw], m., cerned in Catiline's conspiracy.

blood, gore. crēdibilis, -e, [crēdo), adj., culpa, -ae, f., fault, blame, guilt, credible.

reproach. crēditum, -i, [crēdē), n., loan. cultus, -ūs, [col, till], m., culcrēdó, ere, crēdidī, crēditus, tivation, refinement, luxury,

[CRAT, faith + Da, put], with style; dissipation, sensual indat., trust, believe in; with dulgence; attire, dress, clothacc. and inf., believe, think, ing. suppose, expect; parentheti- cum, prep. with abl., with, to

cally crēdo, I suppose (ironical). gether with, along with, in crēsco, -ere, crēvī, crētus, [in- company with ; cum tēlā, armed

ceptive from CRE, make], grow, with a weapon, armed, weapon increase; grow in power, thrive, in hand. With the personal flourish, prosper.

pronouns and with qui, cum Crēticus, -7, [Crēta, Crete), m., is enclitic; as, tēcum, quibus

the cognomen of Q. Caecilius Metellus, who subdued Crete cum- in composition has its earin B.c. 68.

lier form com-, which remains crīmen, inis, [CRĖ, part], n., unchanged before b, p, m, but charge, accusation.

is usually changed to cor- becrīminor, -ārī, -ātus sum, [cri- fore r, to con- or col- before


n, to con- before other conso- cūrō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [cūra], nants, and to co- before vowels take care, see to, attend to; and h; it means (1) together, take charge, take command. as, con-venire, come together; cursus, -ūs, [CER, drive], m., (2) thoroughly, forcibly; as, course, career.

con-laudāre, praise highly. cūstòdia, -ae, [cūstos], f., guard, cum (quom), (probably acc. of custody; lībera cūstādia, con

qui], conj., when, while, after ; finement, not in prison, but since, inasmuch, as, though, at the house of an influential although.

man, who was made responsicumulō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [cu- ble for the prisoner.

mulus, heap), heap up, add to, cūstos, -õdis, (scv, cover), m., crown.

guard, keeper. cunctor, -ārī, -ātus sum, delay, Cyrus, -ī, [Kūpos], m., Cyrus the hesitate.

Great, the founder of the Percūnctus, -a, -um, [forco-iūnctus], sian Empire (B.c. 559).

adj., the whole, all, entire, every. cupidē, (cupidus], adv., eagerly.

D. cupiditās, -ātis, (cupidus), f.,

desire, absorbing desire, pas- D., abbreviation for Decimus, a sion; avarice, cupidity.

Roman praenomen, or forecupido, -inis, [cvp, wish], f., pame.

desire, wish, longing, craving. Damasippus, i, [AaudotTOS, cupidus, -a, -um, [cvp, wish], tamer of horses), m., L. Iūnius

adj., with gen., desirous of; Brūtus Damasippus, praetor eager for.

urbānus b.c. 82 ; as a partisan cupio, -ere, -īvī, -itus, [cVP, of the younger Marius, he was

wish], long for, desire, covet, put to death by Sulla. be anxious for.

damno, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [damcūra, -ae, [for cavira from cav, num], condemn, convict, sen

watch], f., care, anxiety; tence. business, duties ; cūrae habēre, damnum, -1, (DAP, share], n., loss.

be mindful of, be zealous for. dē, prep. with abl., of motion, cūria, -ae, f., the senate house, from, away from ; of cause, on

generally the Cūria Hostīlia, account of, for; of relation, built by Tullus Hostīlius on concerning, about, in regard the northeast side of the Fo- to, of; de aliquo supplicium rum ; the senate.

sūmere, exact punishment Cūrius, -a, name of a Roman from, inflict punishment upon ;

gens; Q. Cūrius, of senatorial dē imprāvīsā, unexpectedly. rank, the conspirator dē. in composition, down, oj, through whom Cicero obtained

away, utterly. definite information concern- dēbeo, -ēre, -ui, -itus, [dē + ing Catiline's plots; see Fulvia. habeo], owe; ought.


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