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« primitive Fathers, as to the faith and practice of " the primitive Church-upon the Divinity of our “ Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ-upon the Divinity • of the Holy Ghost-upon the Articles of the Chrif“ tian Faith, as comprehended in the Apostles' and " Nicene Creeds.

“ Also I direct that thirty copies of the eight Di" vinity Lecture Sermons shall be always printed, “ within two' months after they are preached, and

one copy shall be given to the Chancellor of the “ University, and one copy to the head of every Col" lege, and one copy to the Mayor of the city of “ Oxford, and one copy to be put into the Bodleian « Library; and the expence of printing them shall “ be paid out of the Lands or Estates given for esta“ blishing the Divinity Lecture Serinons; and the « Preacher shall not be paid, nor be entitled to the “ revenue, before they are printed.

“ Also I direct and appoint, that no person thall “ be qualified to preach the Divinity Lecture Ser“ inons, unless he hath taken the Degree of Mafter « of Arts at least, in one of the two Universities of “ of Oxford or Cambridge ; and the same person " Thall never preach the Divinity Lecture Sermons “ twice.”

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The appointment

, which produced the following Discourses, will in some degree fanction my ambition to present them to the public under the protection of your Lordship’s Name. It originated with the University of Oxford: and interested as your Lordship is in whatever may



claim the least relation to a place, where you i paffed many of your early years with a Propriety of Conduct, that hath marked your Character through life, you will I am sure ac-i cept with Condescenfion the efforts thus excited, to elucidate the Truth and Purity of that Religion, of which you have ever discovered yourself in Heart and Practice a warm and confiftent Friend.

1. Tri



I am well aware, that I have ventured on ground already taken and that many valuable Treatises have appeared on the subject of the following sheets.

But there is a mode of writing peculiar to different pe

riods :

riods : and, the Folios of the last

fait rage

age are ill relished by the defultory readers, of this. Hence it is, that some of those publications alluded to have fallen into disesteem; as being too diffuse and appearing tedious: digressing into, extraneous matter on some points not very material, and treating with a degree of languor others of more importance. Those on the other hand, which are comprised in the narrow li mits of one or two Sermons, I conceive to be in fubstance too, compressed, to afford general fatisfaction; the Brevity requiring too many assumptions, to obviate the doubts of Sceptical enquirers. Others again, though recommending, and enforcing founded

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Truths with Elegance and Perpicuíty,

feem rather calculated to impress the mind already persuaded, than to obviate the Éxceptions of Cavil, and fatisfy Scruple and Doubt.

Thefe obfervations have long induced me to think something further Wanting fomething on the subjc& in form and matter clear, yet clofe and argumentative; fuch as adverting to Objections as they rose, and thus clear ing the way to Truth, might command assent on the assured Ground of Conviction.' Pursuant of such design, I have, in the subsequent 'investigation, taken nothing for granted : proceeding gradually from proof to proof, and


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