« IndietroContinua »
true religion is manifested in their conduct both at home and at school. The Rev. Mr. Olufsen, one of the United Brethren's Missionaries, very kindly superintends this School. - The School at Sion Hill was begun, on a neighbouring Estate, in March of last year; and was removed to its present situation in September. Though yet in its infancy, it bids fair to equal any other in utility. It is zealously patronized by the Owner of the Estate, the Hon. John Duncombe Taylor, and by Mrs. Taylor. At Cook's, in October, an excellent stone building, 40 feet by 12, was erected for Religious Instruction, at the expense of the Proprietor of the Estate. The School at Golden Grove was opened in April 1821: the resident Attorney and Manager of the Estate was fitting up a very convenient stone-building for a School Room. The School at Union was begun in February last: it is held in a convenient Negro Hut, 33 feet by 12, appropriated to this purpose. These three Schools are injured by the vicinity of Sunday Markets. Mr. Dawes has assiduously visited these Schools; but has been obliged, by rheumatic affections, to relinquish night teaching. He has, however, adopted measures for having each visited four times a week, besides Sundays. The opening of the New School-Room for the Hope School, before mentioned, is thus described by Mr. Thwaites:—
The New School-Room was opened for the accommodation of the Children, to receive the rewards, as is customary at Christmas. There appeared to be present, including Adults, upward of 600. The Meeting commenced with the Children's singing, and with prayer. . The company were then addressed on the origin and benefits of Sunday-School Institutions, and the happy effects which had been witnessed in English Harbour, once overspread with vice, but now, by the blessing of God, greatly changed.
Our hearts were raised in humble gratitude to God, when we beheld, on either side, those Young Persons who had grown up in the School, who had lived chastely, and who were now decently and honourably married, and live in the fear of God. Before us were several, who, we believed, had given their young hearts to God; and at our feet were infants, who had learned to lisp their Saviour's praise.
Mr. Thwaites thus closes the last Journal” received from him:—
Truly we can now say, Hitherto the blessing of God has attended us. We have seen ignorance and vice declining; and the religion of our Saviour making greater progress than at any former period, both among the old and the young. The Scriptures, finding their way, through the medium of the Sunday Scholars, into the houses of the poor Negroes, have produced good effects visible to all.
The Annual Examination of the Colonial CharitySchool was held on the 4th of December, much to the satisfaction of the Clergy and other Gentlemen present. The Society pays the Salary of the Master of the School: the other expenses are defrayed by local contributions. Upward of 800l. currency has been raised for the erection of the New School-Room. A few Extracts from the Report of the Committee -who direct the School will explain its state and prospects:—
The number of Children in the School, at the present period, is—44 Free Boys, 25 Free Girls, 49 Slave Boys, and 35 Slave Girls; making a total of 143: and the Committee feel much pleasure in stating, that they have placed to trades and other occupations 56 Children, who have completed their education, since the establishment of the School.
To the Church Missionary Society, the Committee respectfully tender their thanks, for the continued support of the Master; and regret that the expense incurred for the Building still obliges them to intrude on its funds: they however hope that the time is not far distant, when they may be enabled to support the Master from their internal resources; and, if possible, remit a part of their receipts to their friends in England—whose exertions in behalf of the unenlightened, they do fervently pray may meet with universal success.
The Committee have opened a Sunday School for Adults, and for such Children as cannot receive the advantage of the Daily School; to which they particularly beg attention, as an easy and ready mode of obtaining Education.
* In Appendix XVII. will be found some further Extracts relative to Antigua.
NORTH-WEST AMERICA MISSION.
The Committee have already stated the establishment of a New Mission, designed for the benefit of the Indians of North-West America.
The suggestion of this measure, with the grounds on which it was brought before the Society, will be found in the Twentieth Report and its Appendix. The Rev. John West, there mentioned as proceeding to the Red River as Chaplain to the Hudson's-Bay Company in that quarter, sailed for his destination in the Autumn of 1820, and reached the Settlement on the 14th of October. The communications of Mr. West to the Society were of such a nature as to lead to a Special Meeting of the Committee, for the purpose of taking the subject of a North-West America Mission into consideration. The Rev. William Dealtry was in the Chair. The Meeting, which was numerously attended, had the benefit of hearing from Benjamin Harrison, Esq. and Nicholas Garry, Esq., two of the Committee of the Hudson's-Bay Company, such a detail of circumstances relative to the Settlement, and to the prospects of usefulness among the numerous tribes of Indians to which access may by its means be ultimately obtained, that the Committee unanimously determined on the establishment of the Mission.
The statements of Mr. Harrison conveyed so just a view of the whole question, that the Committee having been favoured with them in writing, subjoin his Paper for the information of the Members:—
It has long been a subject of great anxiety, to better the condition of the Inhabitants and Native Tribes of Indians in Hudson's Bay, and to afford them religious instruction. . The arrangements for the regulation of the Fur Trade, which have recently taken place, have restored tranquillity to all the country over which the Hudson's-Bay Company have Trading Establishments, extending from Canada to the Pacific Ocean, and as far to the North as has hitherto been explored.
Opportunity is now afforded for every exertion; and all the parties, who have influence in that country, appear ready to render their cordial co-operation in the plans under considera
tion, for the extension of Religious Instruction, Civilization, and Education over this immense extent of country. But the great difficulty is, to provide funds for that part of the arrangement which is intended for the benefit of the NATIve HEATHENs; and to the points connected with this subject, the attention of the Society is earnestly solicited. It may be necessary, in the first instance, to notice the steps which the Society has already taken, in regard to the plan for civilizing and instructing the Native Indian Children. It appears, in the Twentieth Report, that the Rev. Mr. West offered his services to establish Schools, and that the sum of 100l. was placed at his disposal for the year 1820, to enable him to make trial of the proposed plan. A Letter from Mr. West, dated Red River Colony, June 4, 1821, states, that the Indians were willing to part with their Children for the purpose of their being instructed—that he had several Children under his care—that a School House was erecting, and nearly completed—and that many more Children would be consigned to him, when the House was ready for their reception. The Journal kept by Mr. West from the time of his arrival in Hudson's Bay, has been forwarded to the Society". In it, allusion is repeatedly made to his frequent intercourse with the Indians, and to the favourable manner in which he was received by them. The Officers and Servants of the Hudson's-Bay Company are distributed over the whole extent of country before mentioned; but, at the Red River, a Colony is established, consisting of 600 or 700 Settlers; besides Canadians and Half-breeds, who are very numerous. Missionary.—At this spot, the Roman Catholics of Montreal have built a Church, and have established a Minister. Here it would be desirable to form a PRotesTANT Mission ARY STATION ; and the energy and zeal, which Mr. West has evinced, shew that no person can be better calculated for such an appointment. He will be surrounded by misery and distress; and will have frequent calls on his benevolence+. To enable him to meet these claims of charity, his salary, as the Resident Missionary, should be liberal. In consideration of his Clerical Duties, half of the stipend which will be requisite can be provided from other sources; but the performance of these Duties will be perfectly consistent with his objects as a Missionary. The benefit which will result from the residence of a Clergyman in such a situation,
• Extracts from Mr. West's Journal and Letters are printed in Appendix XVIII.
+ The remembrance of relief afforded in times of distress, is never eradicated from the mind of an Indian.
and the example of a well-regulated and pious family, are incalculable. Assistant Missionary.—It has been confidently stated, that, in New Caledonia and the Rocky Mountains, the Indians are living in a state bordering on civilization. These remote districts should all be visited, and equal opportunities afforded them of having their children educated. It is highly desirable that a Missionary (a Clergyman of the Church of England) should be appointed, who would take under his charge such Catechists and Teachers, as may be useful in different situations. He would hold communication with the chief Missionary Station, at the Red River Settlement; and it is confidently expected, that the blessings of Christianity may thus be extended through these wide regions. Whichever way the Missionary may direct his steps, he will have the assistance of the Resident Officer at the next Station; and he would thus never be at a loss for an Interpreter. Schools.-It is unnecessary to enter into many particulars on this head: since Schools have been already recognised on the Journals of the Society, as the most promising means of promoting the instruction of the Indians in the Territories of the Hudson's BayCompany. (See Twentieth Report. Appendix XII. pp. 370–372.) The expense of provision for the Children will every year be diminished, as the garden-ground and land are brought into improved cultivation. The greater the number of Children, the less will be the proportional expense. A Hunter must, in the first instance, be attached to the establishment, in order to procure a supply of provisions. Twelve pounds per annum will be required for each Child; and, on the production of certificates that the benefits have been afforded, it will be for the Society to determine to what Number they will extend their liberality. School-Master and Mistress, and Assistant.—With a view to carry into effect the plan proposed by the Society for the Education of the Indian Children, a Young Man was taken out by Mr. West, who was educated at Christ's Hospital and apprenticed to Bridewell. He appears to have succeeded in his management of the Indian Children, and to have reconciled them to civilized life and habits of industry; and therefore seems well qualified for the charge of the School. If he were appointed by the Society, he would remain in Hudson's Bay. Protestant Church.-Although temporary accommodation has been afforded for the purpose of Divine Worship, it is to be hoped, for the credit of the Religion of the country to which the Colony belongs, that a Protestant Church is not the last edifice to be erected. So zealous were the Catholics of Montreal, that, no sooner was the Settlement contemplated, than they procured the means, and have actually completed the building of a Church, and have provided for and established a Minister A great proportion of the European Population, for the want