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will not shine around you in vain. Sooner or later, some, and perhaps not a few, will be led thereby to glorify your Father which is in Heaven. Having offered these suggestions on your characten and spin it as Christian Missionaries, the Committee wish to call your attention to some circumstances of importance, in reference to the state of The Misslo N. They would press strongly on your minds the 1M portrance AND DUTY of keeping Regular journals. Mr. Knight has given the Committee great satisfaction, by the constancy and fulness of his communications. The Committee wish you, Mr. Bailey, to co-operate with him, in this, as in all other parts of his proceed: ings; and they desire that a Journal may be kept at each Station, from which extracts may be made of all those parts which may be likely to interest the Society ; and that those extracts may be sent home, signed by the Missionaries of such Station, by every practicable opportunity. In this Journal they wish you to record any conversations which may pass between you and the Natives, if calculated to discover their state of mind, their views, or their character— any incidents which may convey a knowledge of the actual condition of the Heathen—any facts illustrative of the tendency of Idolatry and Superstition ; and of the nature, difficulties, progress, and success of your labours. Details of this nature, taken down from day to day, while the impression of them is fresh and vivid on your minds, cannot fail greatly to interest the Society and to enlarge its views. And let us remind you, that your success depends, not only on your labours among the Heathem, but on the way in which Christians here are excited to give, and intercede, and interest themselves to promote our great and holy cause. In connection with this subject, it is important to urge stater fidelity
1N ALL StAtEMENTS MADE To THE so. ciety. There are many persons in this country, and their number is encreasing, who have sufficient acquaintance, by personal observation, with the state of things in the East, to detect misrepresentations and exaggerations; and the detection of any statement which should prove to be actually of this nature, would throw discredit on Missionary Reports, and thereby injure that cause in which we are engaged. It is a great advantage of a regular Diary, in which conversations and facts and feelings are faithfully recorded, that it will very much serve to secure accurate and just statements; by correcting and enlarging the views of the Missionary himself, and by shewing him the necessity of not adopting first impressions; and will be often, therefore, a fairer representation of his actual circumstances and prospects, than his own conclusions and expectations. The Acquisition of the Native lANGUAGE must engage your early and determined attention. Mr. Knight has earnestly laboured herein, and will be able to render you efficient aid; not only, indeed, in this point, but in advising you, in general, how to proceed in your labours. You will pay all due deference to his judgment, as the Senior Missionary on the Station. The Committee trust that they shall never be pained by hearing of any differences in your plans and wishes. You have, the Committee are persuaded, a lively view of those motives, which may well stimulate the heart of the Christian Missionary to aim at the highest excellence. But, imagine the case that you were to go through your work in an indolent and self-indulgent spirit; or in seeking your own glory, and pursuing your own ends—what, at the end of a few years, would be the result? You would become a burden to the Society—the hopes of your friends would be disappointed—you
instructions ANd address to the Rev. w. Jowest, Returning to the MediTERRANEAN; AND TO THE REW, WILLIAM SAWYER, THE REV. JACOB MA1SCH, AND THE REW. T. Reich ARDT, PRoceeding To calcutta ; Delivered MARch 7, 1822.
Instructions of the Committee.
DEARLY BELOVED IN THE LordOn the general subject of your Duties and Encouragements, as Servants of Christ among the Heathen, the Committee refer you to the Friend who has undertaken to address you on this occasion; and to the various suggestions, now become numerous and important, which you will find in the published records of the Society. Such circumstances as may be new in the respective Missions to which you are proceeding, they will now briefly touch upon, that you may be the better prepared, with the Divine Blessing, to enter on the work which lies before you. To one of yeur number, indeed, that work is become familiar. Mr. Jowett has not now, as when addressed upward of Six Years since, to take the body of Instructions then committed to him in his hand ; and to inquire, on his arrival at his des
tination, whether any and what part of those Instructions could be acted upon: he has assured us that he found them well adapted to guide him into practicable and promising fields of labour; and, though he feels that he has entered as yet but a little way into his work, the Committee are witness and the whole Society is witness, that it has pleased God to give him an abundant reward for all his labours, under much weakness of body and many privations, during the years of his absence from his friends and country. That, with the prospect still of future weakness and privations, you are returning, Dear Brother, with your Partner and your Children, to the renewal of your labours, is the best pledge to the Society, that your heart is given to the work in which yoh have engaged, and that you entertain an assured hope of its amon- promoting
the great objects which the Society
affectionate regard toward these their fellow-Christians, and in a desire by wise and gentle measures to lead them back to the purity and vigour of their former days. The Volume of your. Researches, now about to be come mitted to the press, will open to the Members of the Society, and to Christians at large, in a manner which has never before been done, the vast extent of the field of labour which the Mediterranean offers, and the peculiar character of that field. That you are returning thither without companions of your toil, is a cause of serious regret to yourself and to the Committee: they cannot but hope, however, that some will be excited by the appeals already made, and about to be renewed from the press, to consecrate their learning and talents to the service of their Heavenly Master in this most interesting field. Under the circumstances which have been stated, it will not be expected that the Committee have much to add to the Instructions first addressed to you. Your own Volume, indeed, will at once throw light on those Instructions and will enlarge the sphere of your future Researches. A steady perseverance in this course of observation, is the point which the Committee would chiefly press upon you. You have constantly had it in view, the Committee are satisfied, to state nothing on slight and insufficient grounds: yet the same things will appear in new lights, as occasions vary; and they will look, therefore, to your future communications, not only for further intelligence respecting the countries bordering on the great internal Seas near you, but for confirmation or modification, as the case may be, of the information which may have resulted from your first visit to the Mediterranean. The efficient application of the Press, in the variety of ways by which that powerful engine may be rendered subservient, all round the Mediterranean, to the Cause of Truth and Righteousness, has been a subject of
frequent and serious deliberation with you. You will proceed herein, as it shall please God to give you opportunity—assured that the Committee will count it their duty to employ every means in their power, for the diffusion of Christian Knowledge among the vast reading population within the sphere of your labours. In most cordially praying that the blessing of God may be with you in your return to these labours, the Committee cannot but advert to the interest which has been awakened in the public mind by the events that have occurred since you left the Mediterranean, The ultimate issue of these events is in the hands of the Great Head of the Church; but the duty of availing ourselves of times of affliction and distress to direct the sufferers to the admonitions and consolations of the Divine Word, is not only obvious, but the faithful and affectionate discharge of it will prove a blessing both to him that gives and to him that receives. The Committee would refer those of you who are proceeding to INDIA, not only to the Addresses and Instructions delivered to your predecessors in that field of labour, but to the counsels of the Corresponding Committee at Calcutta, in connection with which Committee you will be stationed. The Corresponding Committees in India deliver Instructions to the Society's Missionaries, when circumstances may call for them. These Instructions are grounded on their local knowledge and experience, and become invaluable guides in the labours of the Missions. The Committee quote, with much pleasure, from an Address of the Madras Corresponding Committee to the Rev. Isaac Wilson, some suggestions relative to his views and proceedings anong the Natives, which may be of the utmost service to yourselves:— The first and paramount object, must be the attainment of a competent knowledge of the Language: make every thing subservient to this object. You will have excellent help in the principal Native Chris
tians, for obtaining the colloquial use of the language; while your Moonshee and Books must be depended on for a classical knowledge of it. You must learn to study the language, to write, and to think, as with the learned; while, in conversation, you acquire a habit of conforming yourself, by turns, to all classes of Natives, to the poorest and most ignorant, as well as to the highest and most learned. The gradations of language in this country would seem to be as inconsiderable as the differences of caste and civil station. Attention to this circumstance must be important, in order to attain a discriminating knowledge of the use of the Vernacular
Above all, familiarize yourselves with all descriptions of Natives, early : let no exertion be thought too much to place yourself where you will see, hear, and, so far as it may be practicable, mix with the people themselves, Among the Native Christians especially, let it be known in what capacity and light you desire to be viewed. Penetrate into every particular of their situation and character. Let no circumstance connected with them, which may throw light on their modes of thinking, speaking, or action, be deemed too inconsiderable for your attention. Impress upon the Catechists and principal Christian Natives, the consideration, that you wish to see and know every thing as it really is, not as they may suppose you would wish thing, to be shewn ; for it is a characteristic of all Natives, to represent every thing to Europeans as they suppose the European wishes, rather than as the things are. You will, in such pursuits find, no doubt, very much to distress and disappoint you; but, without such a correct knowledge of all things within the scope of a Missionary's office, you can never labour intelligently, nor apply the remedies really suited to the disorders which prevail among the people. Toward the Heathen, also, endeavour to establish an equal degree of familiarity of acquaintance and intercourse. Study every thing relating to them—their modes of life, in all their details—the divisions and distinctions of their castes—the full extent of the influence of caste—the essentials and non-essentials of it. Study, especially, to counternet the im, pression, which always prevails at tiret and
which sometimes never leaves even a Missionary, of your being what is understood by the term a EuropeAN gentleMan —one, who necessarily is of a station, views, and manners, infinitely distant from and above the people—one, whom every Native endeavours, in some shape or other, to cajole and deceive. Establish early and maintain invariably the impression of your being, what you really wish to be, an humble, simple Missionary, or Teacher of Religion—living above the world and at a visible distance from it, in your habits of life, purposes, and desires— having few things in common with the Gentry of India; but desirous earnestly and sincerely to spend yourself and be spent, in humble efforts to make known to every one, who comes within the sphere of your labours or intercourse, the blessed tidings of Salvation with which you are charged. Thus making yourself all things to those around you; and labouring, in earnestness and singleness of heart as though all the work were your own, while inwardly all your hope and strength and success is fervently sought of the Lord, in dependence on His promised influence accompanying the obedient endeavours of His Messengers, you cannot fail to find present comfort in your work, and in due time receive the fruit of your labours. The Committee must impress one consideration, in reference to correspondence, more particularly on their German Missionaries. They wish you, and all your countrymen, ever to retain a grateful regard to your friends at Băsle and in other quarters, under whom you have been prepared for the work of the Lord ; but they must claim for the Society under which you are sent forth, a warm interest in your affections and prayers, and a regular communication of whatever is important in reference to your Mission. They take this opportunity of explaining to you, and to all your Brethren who are already engaged, or may be hereafter engaged, in the service of Christ under the Society, that, while they do not object to your direct communication of occasional Missionary Intelligence to the Institution at Băsle or to your friends elsewhere, they must lay it
down as a Regulation never to be departed from, that you send, by the same conveyance, to the Society, through the Corresponding Committee, a translation, in English, of all Missionary Intelligence communicated to your friends. It is not meant by this Regulation, in any measure to restrain you from communicating, in the fullest manner, your Views and Feelings confidentially to your relatives and friends: it is only in reference to Intelligence connected with your Mission, that this Regulation is adopted. The subject of Caste is one of the most difficult connected with India. You will be less affected by it in Bengal, than the Missionaries are in the southern part of India. It begins, however, to attract much attention; and it may be hoped that Christian Societies and Labourers will be enabled to agree on the most promising mode of treating this matter, in reference to the Native Christians and Native Schools. In addressing you, Mr. Sawyer, among those who are proceeding to India, the Committee refer, with much pleasure, to the manner in which you have received their intimation of a change in your destination. Though originally designed for India, circumstances had led to your appointment to another quarter; and, on this appointment you had dwelt, from several considerations, with much satisfaction. But, as a change of circumstances has led the Committee to wish you to proceed to your first destination, they notice, with thankfulness, the readiness of mind with which you and Mrs. Sawyer have followed what appeared to be the path of your duty; and they trust that they may consider the Christian Spirit manifested on this occasion, as an earnest, that, by the grace of God, the same spirit will prevail throughout your lives. You, Mr. MAIsch and Mr. REIchampt, are following into the field of labour, some who had received, sike yourselves, the benefits of Christian