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only an humble instrument in the hand of God; and what is the language that becomes him, after the most successful ministrations, but an acknowledgment of the Divine Goodness and an ascription of all the honour and praise to the great Source of every blessing ! .Wot I, but the grace of God which was with me ! To shew the value of this Christian Grace to men under all circumstances of life, Bishop Jewell gives us an instructive Fable of a Saint, who, “on a time, lay in a trance; and, as he so lay, he looked down from Heaven (as he thought), and saw the whole earth so thick covered with snares, that possible it was not, for any man to tread upon the earth and not be entangled therewithal ; and this when he beheld, suddenly he cried out, and said, “O Lord, and who then can walk on the earth and not be entrapped o' With that he heard a Voice, that answered him, and said, * Only Humility it is,” said that Voice, “that may go and not be entangled— only humility, and nothing else. Whoso is humble, he may walk without danger—he may go, and not be taken ''” Be Followens of PEAce. It is ane thing to declare war against the Empire of Satan, and a thing totally different to indulge a temper of animosity. The Spirit of Peace is much better suited to the Religion of Christ, than the Spirit of Controversy ; and although, in the vindication of your faith and in order to exhibit the folly and falsehood of superstition and idolatry, you will perhaps necessarily be engaged in disputation, carry on the arguments like a lover of tauth and not of victony Beware of the habit of mind, which the strife of words so often and so fatally creates. Be assured, that no man can be improved in his religious character, by the indulgence of a controversial spirit: it has a tendency to destroy, not only every Christian Feeling, but every candid and generous principle; and it is well
if the love of controversy in early life do not sometimes lead to that hopeless and incorrigible state of mind, which impels the disputer of this world to find little in Divine Truth but aliment for contention. Instances, however, are not wanting, both in antient and modern times which demonstrate how possible it is to assert and defend the doctrines and precepts of Christianity in the spirit of Christianity; and, so long as the name of Martyn shali be remembered among us, we have one illustrious example, immediately at hand, of the happy union of gentleness and zeal—a combination of those affectionate dispositions, which become the disciples of a meek and lowly Master; with a readiness to attack superstition in its strong holds, and, in circumstances the most unfavourable, to contend earnestly for the faith once delivered to the Saints. Finally, my Reverend Brethren, let me exhort you ever to bear in mind, how great are your consolations and how sure the promises. In the service to which you are devoted, you will probably meet with a more than ordinary share of difficulties and trials; and will have occasion to lament the perverseness and even declension of some of your hearers, who perhaps had embraced the Truth with the fairest promise of abiding in it. But have not the same afflictions been the portion of those that have gone before you ? and is there not to you, as well as to others, the unfailing assurance of your Lord — Lo / I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world ! True it is, that you may be deprived of the benefit of religious society: there may be no friends with whom you can take sweet counsel together, or to whom you can pour out the sorrows of your hearts; but what a comfort is it to reflect, that Christ is ever with you !—that your gracious Redeemer, for whose sake you have sacrificed so many temporal enjoyments, is Himself the constant witness of all that you do and all that you snffer—that he watches over your toils, and sympathizes in your afflictions: His presence is the pledge of every blessing; and, while iooking to Jesus, you will find yourselves comforted and sustained by the sure conviction of His unchanging love. And why should you ever despond about the effect of your ministrations Do the work of an Evangelist, and God will not be wanting to His own Cause : Before the march of your Redeemer, the valleys shall be exalted, and the hills made low : prejudice, passions, ignorance, hostility, formidable as they may appear to creatures like ourselves, what are they when opposed to Him, who has the hearts of all men in His hands Faithful Missionaries may be taken away, in the very midst of their usefulness; but there never will be wanting a succession of men, duly qualified to carry on the great purposes of mercy, and to proclaim the message of grace and salvation. There may be a long intervening period which is dark and cloudy; but it will certainly end; the Sun of Righteousness will assuredly rise upon the whole earth, and all nations shall walk in his light. That you, my Reverend Brethren, may be abundantly blessed, both in yourselves and in the work of the Ministry, is the earnest prayer of
those, who are now assembled to bid you farewell ; and it will be repeated by numbers, who never have seen your faces in the flesh. However distant may be the countries to which duty shall call you, in England you will not be forgotten: many a prayer will be made for your success—many a blessing will be invoked upon your heads. The cords of Christian Sympathy and Christian Love can bind, in the most sacred and intimate connection, those who are the most widely dissevered. Nor will the feeling of which I speak be confined to this land: there are multitudes, in other countries, both to the east and the west, who will follow your steps with affectionate regard; who will rejoice with you when you rejoice, and weep with you when you weep: the Throne of Grace will be addressed in many languages, for yonr happiness and welfare; and every instance of your suceessful exertion will be welcomed with the voice of gratitude and praise to the Author of all our Mercies. May His Spirit dwell richly in your hearts 1 May you continue to love and to adorn your profession 1 And if we never meet again, till we stand at the Great Tribunal, may we all be found at the right-hand of the Judge —and may it be your lot to be numbered with those, who have turned many to righteousness and who shine as the stars for everandever !
Extract FROM THE PRockedINGs of THE AMERican board of Foreign Missions RELATIVE to A school, FUND For ceylonese children.
The American Missionaries in Ceylon proposed, soon after they became settled in the District of Jaffna, to maintain Heathen Children in the Mission Families; giving them the advantages of a Christian Education, and training them up to
habits of industry and virtue. The sum, at which the Missionaries supposed that they could maintain a Child, was fixed at twelve dollars a year. This small stipend, it was thought, would support a Child after the manner of the country; that is, it would feed him on boiled rice, and furnish a piece of coarse cotton for a garment. The Children are perfectly satisfied with this mode of living; and experience has shewn, that, with the nicest economy, the estimate is sufficient for the purposes above specified. A considerable inumber of Children are now supported on this plan; having received English Names, at the instance of Benefactors in America, who provide for their support. At the commencement of the plan, it was obvious to the Missionaries and the Committee, that the maintenance of Children would involve many contingent expenses, no part of which the small payment of Twelve Dollars annually would be sufficient to meet, as that payment would be entirely exhausted by the two articles of food and clothing. It was thought, however, that these contingent expenses might be defrayed out of the general funds of the Board. At that time, it was not foreseen to what an extent the domestic superintendence and education of Heathen Children in Mission Families, may probably be -carried in the East; and, of course, it was not foreseen to what an extent the general funds of the Board might be involved by the contingent expenses here alluded to. Among these expenses, may be enumerated charges of remittance, loss by exchange, cost of school-rooms, books, stationery, services of catechists, &c.
This whole subject has recently been brought before the Committee by a Letter from the Secretary of
the Church Missionary Society in London, and has received very deliberate attention. The Committee of that Society, having it in contemplation to take Children in Ceylon to receive a domestic education, were desirous of fixing the annual payment at such a sum, as would include at least a part of the incidental and contingent expenses. It seemed important, also, that the different Societies, labouring in the same field, should adopt nearly the same rules, in reference to this subject. The Committee of the Board, availing themselves of suggestions made by their highly-respected fellow-labourers, and consulting their own experience, have thought it would be equitable, that Benefactors, who may her EAfter provide for the domestic education of Heathen Children in Ceylon, should pay Twenty Dolla Rs a year for each Child. Those Children, who are already provided for, at the rate of Twelve Dollars annually, will be continued in the course of their education, on the terms heretofore proposed : but all, who are to be selected in future, must be considered as received upon the terms now published. The time during which support is to be stipulated, for each Child hereafter taken into Mission Families, is fixed at six YEARs. The Committee of the Church Missionary Society will probably issue proposals to their friends, to support Children in Ceylon, according to the principles here developed, at fivr pounds stERLING a year.
some Account or FREETown, sir. RRA LEoNE, RELATive to THE PUBLIC observaNces * - of RELIGion : communicated BY THE chief Justic E OF THE COLONY
(FXtracted from a Letter written in May 1821.)
.The population of Freetown and of its suburbs, comprehends, accord
ing to the latest Returns, nearly 5000 The Congregation which attends the chuncil consists of the greater portion of the resident Europeans and their Servants, of independent Coloured People, Soldiers of the Garrison, Liberated Africans apprenticed to the King's Works, those Boys and Girls of the Colonial Schools whose Parents attend the Church, and some other persons who do not belong to any of those classes. The Church is, in general, reasonably full ; and, at times, as much so as is consistent with convenience. It may therefore be inserred, that a more numerous attendance would take place if the accommodation was more ample ; and this inference is strengthened by what is occasionally seen in the instances of individuals, who, if they find a difficulty in obtaining a place on the benches usually frequented by persons of their class, will not immediately again present themselves. This modesty, however, is not frequently prevalent, neither is it necessary; for there is not any absolute appropriation of seats, and Coloured People, by no means of the first class, place themselves without ceremony on the same benches with the principal Europeans. There is a kind of anti-chamber to the Church, which is occupied by Liberated Africans; and a small apartment at the head of the staircase, with a door opening into the Church, admits the Prisoners of the Goal to an imperfect participation of the Service. The Congregation is, throughout all its classes, orderly, attentive, and decorous in behaviour. It may not be amiss to mention here a wish expressed by the late Rev. John Collier, when he was Sccond Colonial Chaplain, that the Town should be divided, so that each Chaplain should have a distinct charge. One great difficulty, however, stood in the way of the execution of this plan—the want of a second building which could, with propriety, be employed as a Place of
ersons. p S
Worship under the Ministry of one of the Colonial Chaplains. The Colonial School House is the only one sufficiently large; and this is so insecure, that fears are entertained lest it should fall down under the weight of the present occupants. The propriety of a Parochial Division may, however, be made a subject of serious consideration, as soon as a second place suitable for the reception of a Congregation shall be erected. The place now used, besides its limited extent, has the disadvantage of being too remote from the eastern part of the Town, inasmuch as it is situated quite at the western extremity. A Church in the eastern division, or, as it is commonly called, Settler Town, would certainly bring about a great increase of worshippers. Hitherto the Chaplains have endeavoured to counterbalance the defects of the inconvenient situation and limited accommodation of the Church, by carrying their labours collaterally into those places, where they seem most wanted and likely to do the greatest service. The Soldiers of the Garrison receive instruction in their Barracks, and the Discharged Soldiers of the late Fourth West-India Regiment are taught in the huts appropriated for their residence. No part of the population of the Colony slands more in need of improvement, than the Serving and Discharged Soldiers—none so frequently implicated in crimes of violence, or in those depredations upon property with which Freetown is so grievously infested. The Congregation of the Mermodist chapel consists of some Europeans—a very large majority of the independentand respectable Coloured Householders, and their families, including the greater number of the School Children—with some Liberated Africans placed in the families as apprentices or as domestic servants. Service is given at the Wesleyan Chapel twice every day throughout the }. There are, besides, select rayer-Meetings, and a variety of devotional exercises in families : these lead the Members of the Society to a more intimate connection with one another and with their Ministers. A good understanding ought, by all possible ineans, to be cultivated between your Missionaries and those of the Methodists. The Methodists are, more than any others, your natural and legitimate co-operators in the enterprize of converting Heathen Africa to Christianity. The Wesleyan Chapel, hitherto used, is a wooden building. One of larger dimensions (60 feet by 40) is now in progress outside the old one; which will not be taken down, until the new one shall have been roofed in over it. This New Chapel is of Stone. A liberal subscription has been raised in the Colony in aid of it; but the greater part of the charge must, in all probability, be defrayed by the funds of the Society in England. A New Chapel is also building at the west end of Freetown, for the use of Wesleyans of the Maroon Class, and principally by means of supplies furnished by them ; although aided by a large general subscription among the Colonists, to which the principal Europeans liberally contributed. This Chapel is of stone—the extent 60 feet by 24 : it is now ready to receive the roof, and will probably be opened for Service about January next. In addition to the large Congregation at their principal Chapel, the Methodist Missionaries have formed two regular subordinate Meetings. One of these is at Congo Town; a large Village established by the people of the Congo Nation, upon an inlet of the Bay of Sierra Leone, about a mile west from Freetown. At this place, a neat stone Chapel has been built. The inhabitants arc in an advanced state of instruction ; and the care bestowed, collaterally, upon the direction of their industry
and on their general improvement, has produced effects highly ceditable to their Teachers. At Portuguese Town, where the second subordinate Meeting is organized, the progress is not yet so striking ; but it is sufficient to afford good promise; and te cherish exertion, as well by the appearance of present fruit, as by the prospect of an ample approaching harvest. A Sunday School was established at this place, in 1819 : and the instruction is now extended to some other days. The Missionaries give service as often as their occupations will perinit, in a Chapel which the Converts have contributed to erect. The other chief Members of the Society in Freetown take charge of the instructions, when the Missionaries are called in other directions. It is said that the people of this Village were of very bad character, some few years since; but now they are among the most orderly and industrious about Freetown. Complaints are, from time to time, made, of vexations sustained by them from the malignant bigotry of a few Mahomedans settled in the Village; who, not content with the perfect toleration of their own religious exercises, abusc the protection so liberally afforded to them, by disturbing the Christian Worship, more especially on the Lord's Day, when they studiously endeavour, by every noisy occupation, to interrupt the Service, and to shew their contempt of the institution of the Sabbath. Patience, forbearance, and temperate remonstrance have hitherto been the only means employed to counteract this offensive conduct. It is hoped that these exalted characteristics of Christianity will, in the end, have the effect of correcting the obduracy of these unfeeling followers of Mahomed; and of converting them to that True Faith, the divine spirit and authority of which they so forcibly prove and exemplify. Harsh measures, however provoked, and evo