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except those which we have already
from School, the grand Pundit of the
strength from the dew, it rises about two feet and a half until the morning, from which time it begins to fall again. This operation, being perceived by some of the Hindoo Inhabitants living near the place, produced in them the fancy that a god came down to reside in it and,withoutlistening to any explanation which was given of this phenomenon, they began to worship the tree. But as it afterward left off moving, they desisted from this absurd practice. JMarch 20, 1821.-We had the great pleasure of seeing the Rev. Mr. Thomason, Mr. Sherer, and Capt. Phipps, at Burdwan; who came up to take an Annual Examination of the different Schools in and near Burdwan. They were accompanied by the Rev. Mr. Mill, Principal of the Bishop's College. This evening was indeed a time of joy for us Missionary Brethren. March 21.-We all assembled at Br. Perowne's, when Mr. Thomason read the Fifty-fifth Chapter of Isaiah, and concluded with fervent prayer. After breakfast we resorted to the English School, where the Boys of the first classes of all the different Bengalee Schools in the villages were
Extracts from the Letters of the Rev. J.
From the Rev. J. A. Jetter.
May 15, 1821. With respect to the effect, which instruction has on the Minds and Manners of the Hindoos, I am not able to give you such cheering and encouraging accounts, as you are frequently favoured with, from your Missionaries in other parts of the world. While we are informed, through the Reports, of the prosperity attending the labours of our Brethren among other nations, and HEAn and see the most glorious effects of the Holy Gospel, where received by faith and with simplicity of heart, we must comfort ourselves with the hope, that
collected, and examined them in all the different books which they had read during the past year. They gave very satisfactory proofs, that they had not only learned, but understood what they had learned; which is a point whereon you cannot be too strenuous among the Hindoos: for they are accustomed to learn a number of words and verses by heart, of none of which they know the meaning ; saying, “When Children attain to a certain age, the knowledge of the meaning of what they have learnt comes of itself.” March 22.—This morning we repaired to the English School, and examined the Boys who are instructed therein, and concluded the whole by . saying the Lord's Prayer in English with all the English School Boys. In the Evening our friends left us for Calcutta. How blessed an effect had the visit of these our Christian Friends upon me : My spirit was raised—my heart comforted—my feeble knees strengthened—and my desire greatly increased, that the Lord would make me a faithful servant of His,and pour upon me a rich measure of His Holy Spirit,
by whose help Alon E we can be useful.
A. Jetter, and the Rev. W. James Deerr.
the Lord will not suffer the work, wherein we are engaged, in simple reliance on Him, to be quite fruitless. I often recollect, what my dear friend Mr. Bickersteth said, on one occasion—“When you learn nothing but patience, you learn enough, be
cause a Missionary requires a great
deal of patience.” Surely among these superstitious Hindoos, who, by the most unreasonable arguments, defend their idolatry, patience and forbearance are necessary; and without the immediate help and cooperation of the Lord, for which we are anxiously waiting, nothing
effectual will be done among these people. The instructions conveyed by the instrumentality of these Schools are, certainly, as many of my Brethren have observed, the most effectual means by which we may hope, ere long, that the promise will be fulfilled, which we find recorded, Isaiah ii. 17, 18, 20. It is ignorance which keeps these poor people in such a deplorable state, and under the most pernicious influence of the Brahmins. That this is a fact, we see proofs every day among our School-Boys; particularly among those in our English School. Some of these Boys have already begun to see the folly and perverseness of the Hindoo System. Although as yet we cannot say that any one of these English School Boys, concerning whom we entertain more hope than of the rest, has in a satisfactory manner declared a desire of becoming a Christian, yet we are convinced, that they despise idolatry in their hearts. With some, it is only fear of men, which prevents them from making such a confession. At Calcutta I found, quite unexpectedly, a Boy, who, some time ago, left the English School at Burdwan, without informing me of his intention. I was sorry to lose this Boy, because he was so favourable to Christianity; yet I was perfectly satisfied, when I saw him under the immediate eye of Mr. Corrie, who rejoiced me by telling me, that he had renounced his caste, and eats now with the Mussulman Boys who are under his instruction. This instance makes me rejoice the more, because it leads me to entertain good hopes concerning some other Boys of the English School, of a similar disposition; who, for some time past, have shewn regard for the Christian Religion, and have even expressed a wish to become Christians. The prejudices which these people had, when we first came among them, I am happy to say, have diminished in a great measure. They are still very strong, and great care is required
in order to labour with some success among them. Kindness and Condescension are requisite, in order to gain their confidence; which has a strong effect when shewn to the Children, because the Parents have such a great affection to their Children that they will hardly ever correct them, or force them to do any thing which is against their will. These two virtues must, at the same time, be united with firmness of character and strictness in dealing with them : for if you shew only kindness and condescension, you will very soon lose your authority and influence over them ; while they will not come near you, if they do not find these virtues. These observations apply, more immediately, to those who are not in our employ; to such as we employ in the School-business and who receive a monthly salary, great strictness in requiring a due observance of their duties is to be exercised ; and the most effectual means of stimulating them to greater exertions, is, to deduct something from their wages. My employment in the English School, though accompanied with much trouble, chiefly from the character and manners of the Hindoos, was a delightful sphere of labour to me during the past year; because it
afforded me so many opportunities of
shewing to these Heathen Children, the falsehood of the Hindoo Religion, and the sinfulness of worshipping idols; and, on the other hand, of making known to them the love and unsearchable riches of Jesus Christ our Saviour: and that these Children did not read our books in a superficial manner, the Report of the last Examination held by our friends, the Rev. Mr. Thomason, Mr. Sherer, and Captain Phipps, will give you ample proofs. It is to be hoped that Burdwan will become, by the help of God, a very interesting Missionary Station. However, we cannot yet say what the Lord is about to do. We are waiting upon Him, and are ready to enter whatever door He may open to us. We experience that the Lord is with us; and, by the proofs of His love already shewn to us, we may rest assured that He will not forsake us. From the Rev. W. James Deerr. July 28, 1821. My Missionary Labours, I have the satisfaction to tell you, are gratifying and promising. Our efforts to make these Schools Christian Seminaries, have been blessed to such a degree, that now the Gospels are read in them; whereby an excellent opportunity is afforded to a Missionary, of imparting to these Youths the knowledge of the saving truths of Christianity. If we fully and permanently succeed in our attempt to introduce the Holy Scriptures into these Schools, we may truly say that the Lord has opened a door for us. It is well known to all who are acquainted with the Brahminical System, how well the Wicked One has secured his castle in this quarter of the globe; for it is one of the principal rules of this System, that no foreigner ought to obtain a knowledge of their Sacred Writings, and that no Hindoo ought to read a religious book of any other nation. This Hindoo Principle is a great obstacle to my endeavours to introduce the Gospels into the Bengalee Schools. When I first gave the Boys the book, they would not continue to read in it after reading a little of it; saying, “This book treats entirely of Jesus Christ—what will become of us if we read it !” I entertain, however, the confident hope, that, by the help of our good Lord, we shall succeed, so that it will become a regular School Book. I had also some trouble in introducing the Scriptural Dialogues of the late pious Mr. Ellerton; but though these Dialoguesare admirably adapted to undermine the superstition of Hindooism, yet the people were not so obstinate in opposing the introduction of these Dialogues, as they are in opposing that of the Gospels, because
the Name of Jesus occurs so often in the Gospels. In the success with which this attempt of improving these Schools has been already crowned, the Committee have received a pledge that the Lord approves their exertions; for if religious instruction is imparted to the tender minds of these Children, we may hope that the promise will be fulfilled among them, which He has given by the Prophet Isaiah—My word shall not return unto me void : and though the fruits of such Missionary Exertions will not so soon become visible, as they tend more to leaven gradually the whole lump than to produce immediately the conversion of individuals; yet we may encourage ourselves with the hope, which our Lord has authorized us to indulge, that a time will come, when both he that soweth and he that reapeth shall rejoice together. But, how great soever the en
couragement is which I find in my
present employment, yet there are many things which excite anxiety in my mind: but these bring to my recollection the saying of our Lord— Sufficient unto the day is the evil there- . of. I think, therefore, if those cir
cumstances did not exist which make
me uneasy at present, others would arise. Lately, the Son of the Expounder of the Hindoo Law in Burdwan came to me, accompanied by another Brahmin who highly extolled his learning. In the course of the conversation I told him that I could not possibly conceive, how men of learning could degrade themselves so much as to prostrate themselves before cows; and, lying upon their faces, pay divine worship to these beasts. He replied, that cows were worthy of such honour because they were sprung from a deity. I said, “But you see that man's excellency consists chiefly in his reasonable soul, but a cow is entirely devoid of reason: what difference is there then between cows and other beasts " Hereupon he
exclaimed, “No 1 highly venerable, highly venerable are the cows their want of reason excepted, they are, in every other respect, the representatives of God:” and then he proceeded, with the most fervent zeal, to ascribe to cows a far greater value than he could put upon himself. One of our School Boys, who had been present at this conversation, said, after they were gone—“ It is really the case, that the people csteem the cows so highly ; for if a man of a moral character dies, the people are used to say, “Oh what a good man he was . He was as virtuous as a cow.’” The Natives of this country are, in the fullest sense of the expression, sitting in darkness and the shadow of death ; their Creator is unknown to them, and they know even far less of the Redeemer and Sanctifier. I lately asked a landholder, in what
manner he supposed that men had been brought into existence: He answered, that he had no idea on the subject; and when I came to speak of the consequences of sin and the future state in which men will be placed, he said, that it was commonly said among them, that, by giving presents to the Brahmins and Devotees, by bathing in the Ganges, &c. forgiveness of sins and admission into heaven would be obtained. I made him acquainted with the means which God has appointed for this purpose ; and added, that he should tell the people in his. village that I would come and tell them more on the subject.
It is our earnest prayer, in which we trust our friends will unite with us, that the Lord, who has assisted us hitherto, may endue us more and more with the graces of his Holy Spirit.
EXTRActs FROM THE JourNAL of THE Rev. W. Bowley, FoR september 1820. ,
Sept. 2, 1820. —This afternoon, Bukhtawin came, and a hot-brained Pundit soon followed. My Pundit and Moonshee were also present. The two former had a smart controversy: but the Brahmin would nothearken to Bukhtawin's reasoning, nor would he even allow him to know any thing of reasoning, but seemed bent upon aggravating him; notwithstanding Bukhtawin persevered in his steady defence of Christianity, and in exposing the Hindoo and Mahomedan absurdities.
Sept. 5. — This evening went to Bukhtawin's whither Kishoon Das (an inquirer) also came. He has been diligent for some time past, in inquiring after the truth among the most renowned people of the town, and has been a constant attendant for
the last two months at our Hindoostanee Worship. He said that all his doubts had never been cleared away, till he had several conferences with Bukhtawin in private. Sept. 8 – Spent yesterday evening at the Old Man's. The Cutwal and five Hindoos present. All seemed favourable to the Christian Religion. Read and spoke from the “Divine Sayings.” The Mussulman entreated me for the copy. Had much conversation with Kishoon Das (the person mentioned on the 5th). He seems gathering strength – speaks to his neighbours of the superiority of the Christian Religion — always kneels at Church. A Carpenter, who was present, said of himself, that he had not been , altogether unconcerned