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The continual personal inspection of the schools, the Committee doubt not will be Mr. Schmid's happy enployment. The Printing Press here is about to be actively employed in the preparation, among other works, of School Publications; and supplies will be speedily forwarded, to aid Mr. Schmid's useful labours in his department of work. To the JMissionaries in Travancore. The Committee have received great pleasure, from a Letter addressed to them by their valued Friend, the Rev. Mr. Hough, containing an account of his visit to the Syrian Christians, to your Mission, and to that of Allepie. Persuaded that this Document will be acceptable, and that it is calculated to be useful to you, I have been requested to forward the accompanying copy of it; and to express the satisfaction which the Committee feel at the representation that it conveys of your beneficial labours—of your devotedness to the Cause, for which you are engaged—and of the prospect, with which the measures of the Society are favoured, of realizing, in due time, the hopes, entertained by its Members of the benefits to be conferred, by their Institutions, on the depressed Church of Malabar. The Committee contemplate these interesting proceedings, with thankfulness toward the Great Head of the Church ; and unite with the devout Members of the Society at large, in prayer to Him, for the more abundant supply of His grace, to qualify you for all the arduous duties of your situation ; and for the effusion of the Holy Spirit upon the whole Church, to render your endeavours, on behalf of its Members, conducive to the Divine Glory, and their present and everlasting welfare. The measures lately sanctioned by the Committee, at your suggestion, for extending the system of education and the increased efficiency of the College at Cotym, seconded, as they trust they will shortly be, by the establishment of a Printing Office at the
College, and the completion of the Translation of the Holy Scriptures into the Vernacular Dialect—promise, with the Divine Blessing, to be powerful Auxiliaries of the favourable dispositions of the Rulers of the Church, and toward the fulfilment of the hopes excited by the additional testimony borne, in the Documents now before us, as to the aptitude of the people for religious instruction. May those hopes be largely realized, through the tender mercy of God our Saviour ! There are a few points, connected with the duties of the Mission and the state of the people, upon which I am requested to state the wishes of the Committee. The Committee highly approve of the arrangement which you adopted, sometime ago, for the more systematic distribution of the labours of your united work; and they think that it will tend to the efficiency of the plan, as it certainly will to the developement of its results, if, in the stated reports to the Committee, each Missionary shall compile the parts belonging to his own department of labour. We desire to acknowledge, what we very sensibly feel, the obligation which we owe to you for the valuable general Reports hitherto addressed to us: but it will be but reasonable for each to take his share, in the duty of preparing such statements of your proceedings; and they will probably admit of more particular detail on cach branch of your interesting occupations, when compiled by each for the portion belonging especially to himself, than the most comprehensive but general representations'admit. The Committee, both on general principles and on such experience as is applicable to the point, are led to lay much stress on the importance of each Missionary, in his proper department of labour, exercising, to the utmost possible extent, personal intercourse and inspection of the people with whom his duty brings him into connection, and as frequent visits as may be practicable among the Churches and Schools, which, from their distance, are beyond the reach of immediate superintendence from your head Station. The remarkable improvement in the instance of the Catanar of Neranum, noticed by Mr. Hough, and attributed to the Catanar's former intimacy with Mr. Norton, is a proof of the beneficial effect of such near communication ; and thosuccess, that attended Mr. Bailey's visit to a Church, which had before resolutely refused to contribute to the maintenance of its Parish School, is an important instance of the favourable influence which may be exerted by personal address, where even the authority of Official Power had failed. And, in respect of Schools, our experience in other places leads us to fear, that they will notbe found really useful in view to the paramount object of Christian Instruction, until suitable Native Superintendence can be depended on, only while under the regular inspection of a Missionary. The Committee may mistake, but there is something like an intimation, in some instances, of the Heads of the Syrian Church entertaining the supposition of the measures of our revered Society toward them being those of the Church of England. Should such an impression exist, you will, of course, correct it; and convey a right understanding of the constitution of the Church Missionary Society, and of its motives and views, as a Benevolent but Unofficial Association, toward the Syrian Church. The Committee have noticed, with attention, Mr. Hough's remarks respecting Cochin; and it is among the chief places, which they wish to be enabled to provide with a resident Missionary; but, till they can do so, they consider it important to possess the hold upon the Station, which your regular visits thither maintain ; independently of the actual benefit, which, they trust, is conferred by your ministrations among the inhabi
every Tract, hitherto circulated by you ; and that, henceforth, none may be distributed, until their sanction has been obtained, when the Tract consists of any matter except extracts from the Sacred Scriptures: of such, also, a specimen should be forwarded for the information of the Committee; to be lodged in the Central Library, and to be entered in its Lists. The Committee also request, that the progress made in the Malayalim Translation of the Scriptures, may be occasionally noticed in your Reports while the detail of that work will continue to be communicated, of course, to the Auxiliary Bible Society. I am also to request, that you will forward, for deposit here, all the Grants of Land or other property held by the Society in your Mission, copies being preserved by you ; it being desirable, that all original documents of that nature should be deposited here. It would answer many useful ends, if you would make a practice of taking Geographical and Statistical Notes of the Country, upon all occasions of visiting the various parts of its and would send the substance of them, as your leisure permits, to the Committee. With the exception of the Writings of some of the Romish Missionaries, scarcely any thing is known, in detail, of the country inhabited by the Syrian Christians, or of the present slate of their villages, occupations, and numbers. Mr. Bailey's account of his tour last year was, in this respect also, very acceptable. If it were possible to furnish a Sketch Map of the country, it would be a most interesting document. To the Rev. T. Norton, at Allepie. The Committee rejoice with you
in the recent fruits of your labours among the Heathen, and in your prayer that the Lord may cherish the work of Grace in the converts of your Ministry, and manifest the permanent influence of His Holy Spirit upon them. It will be important, from this commencement of a Church collected from among the Heathen, to introduce a system of Pastoral inspection
and visits; which, by practice, will become established in the Mission : and which cannot fail, when conducted with prudence and attention, to be very conducive to the moral and religious improvement of your people. Your Catechist should be early initiated into this necessary work, in order to supply your place when requisite.
Extracts from the Instructions of the Corresponding Committee to the Rev. Isaae • Wilson, on his proceeding to Tranquebar.
On your arrival at Tranquebar, we recommend you, without delay, to set before yourself the great purposes of your abode at that place; and, laying down your plans with resolution, to adhere to them, with stedfastness and perseverance—suffering no sceondary objects to divert your attention; but bending all your powers to the fulfilment of those expectations, upon which the Committee have been induced to adopt the plan on which you are now entering.
... [Here followed the passage extracted by the Committee of the Society, in their Instructions to the Rev. Messrs. Sawyer, Maisch, and Reichardt. See Appendix III.]
We wish you to take every opportunity of accompanying John Devasagayam and Dr. Caemmerer, in their occasional excursions into the country. Dr. Caemmerer will shew you the best mode of travelling for a Missionary ; and you cannot too early accustom yourself, in this respect, to the most simple and unostentatious appearance: without it, the Natives can never be induced to approach you, in a way that you would wish them to do. In all other respects affecting your way of living, you will have better examples before you at the Provincial Stations than in Madras; and you will find, we doubt noi, that your real estimation as a Missionary, both in the eyes of Euro
peans and Natives, will be, in a great measure, proportioned to the simplicity of your establishment and appearance, in an avoidance of all the common indulgences and show of secular men. Before all men, be a simple Man of God ; and, be assured, the advantage of appearing so will not be small. You will, we expect, soon find useful occupation in the Seminary, among the Youths under John's care; and, in familiar and ministerial intercourse with them, you will learn the important art of arriving at an early habit of address and communication with the Natives. We have told Dr. Caemmerer and John, that you go to Tranquebar as a LEARNER and we are sure you will gladly assume that character, until, by the blessing of God on your studies and their help, you shall be qualified to act a more efficient part in Missionary Duties. Going with such views, we cannot enter into any detail of your occupations; but we doubt not that you will readily form, by the aid of those friends and the general hints now presented to you, a compendious and useful plan of study and occupation, for the attainment of our wishes. Commending you, in conclusion, with your work and all that concerns you, to God and the word of his Grace, we intreat you to be assured of the affectionale interest that we shall take in all your proceedings;
and of the satisfaction which we shall feel in hearing from you, as often as you need our help in any way, or
whenever you have any thing interesting to communicate to us or to our revered Parent Society.
Ertracts from the Journals of the Rev. G. Theophilus Bärenbruck.
Visit to the Distant Schools.
-March 13, 1821.-Arrived at Great Conjeveram, atten o'clock, and went to the First School, where I found the Children engaged. I fixed a time for examination, and went to the Second School, and thence to the choultry. In the afternoon, but few Heathens came : they appeared very indifferent. I felt much oppressed, and thought that I should find but little work here. In the evening I went into several of the streets: on my return, I had a fair opportunity to speak to several Heathens: I explained to them the words of Christ respecting true charity, prayer, and fasting: they had put several questions in our conversation upon this subject, thinking that by acts of charity they could pay off the debts of sin. Several Heathen were present at our evening prayers.
March 14. — This morning, after prayer, at which several Heathen and Schoolmasters were present. I I went to the First School, where I catechised the Boys; and examined them on the Catechisms, Commandments, and their lessons from the New Testament, which gave me much satisfaction. Many Heathen were present.
March 15. — This morning, from six till twelve o'clock, I was surrounded by Heathen, to whom I explained the Commandments, considering them the Schoolmaster to bring them to Christ. One exclaimed, “If that is true, what then are Brahma, Vishnoo, and Siva to us?” Several of the people were discontented with the Brahmins, as they send their mento the villages to summon the people to the feast, to which every family must send at least one person for drawing the cars. In the
afternoon, till seven o'clock, engaged before, in explaining the Catechism. At Evening Prayer, many Heathen were present. I afterward spoke to them on Prayer. March 16. — This morning, my palanquin was surrounded with Heathen, who were waiting for me. I was engaged with them till two o'clock. The greater part of my hearers were Soodras, with some Brahmins. In the afternoon, they desired me to explain more of the “New Shastram,” as they call the New Testament. I chose the part on the sufferings of our Lord: some of them expressed their surprise, that Europeans believed in a God who was crucified: others inquired more into the particulars, which accompanied his death; and some would not leave me till I had given them a book of the death of the Crucified Jesus. Oht may His blessed Name and infinite love be better known by these benighted people: In the evening, when I had to go to the next village, about twenty of them followed me. March 17. – I went early to Little Conjeveram, and was occupied till twelve o'clock in the School. There were many Heathen present at the examination. In the aflernoon, I had a conversation with a learned Brahmin, who was a modest man, of deep understanding, and very serious in the advances which he made to me relative to Christianity. In the evening I had a great many people about me. March 18, Sunday. — In the morning, we had our Divine Service as well as circumstances would permit. In the choultry, where we stayed, I had a conversation with the Schoolmasters. In the evening, I had some Heathen round" me, particularly Brahmins, to whom I explained the Scriptures. ~ March 19, 1821. — Early, at four o'clock, I left Little Conjeveram, and returned to Great Conjeveram to examine the Second School; which I had been obliged to put off so long, on account of the great Heathenish Feast which commenced on the 15th in Great Conjeveram. I wental seven o'clock to the School, and was engaged with the Boys till I left. On my return, in the afternoon, I stopped in a choultry, but a few miles from Conjeveram; whither some of the elder Boys, of fourteen and sixteen years of age, followed me, to express their thankfulness for having received instruction, which would render them useful men to their country and nation. I said, “Amen t” and dismissed them with exhortations to seek, not only that which would improve and exercise their understandings, but that also which would fill their hearts with peace. We left in the afternoon, and arrived late at a ruinous choultry. I went to a village which was near, and collected some people about me; but I had no sooner begun to explain to them the Word of God, than they all left me. An Old Man, who walked toward his house, when I came up and spoke to him, said, “Do me the kindness to permit me to go into my house.” “I went to another man, who was sitting at his door, and spoke to him; but he also turned aside. The other people, seeing this, seemed quite to rejoice at my ill success. I did, indeed, hesitate, whether or not to shake off the dust from my shoes, as a witness; yet I recollected—They know not what they do / JMarch 21.- This morning, after my arrival at Trivatoor, I stopped at the School-House, and found
the Boys all engaged. At the examination many Heathen were present: some expressed concern at their Boys learning too much from the Christian Books—others seemed to approve of it. One of them said, so loud that we could hear it, “Alas ! in a short time all these Children will be made Christians !” Another replied, “Be thankful that the Children learn more useful things here, than they do in our Schools.” In the evening I instructed the Children from the New Testament: several Heathen were present. March 22.—After Morning Prayer, I was engaged with the Heathen, in explaining the Word of God. One of the Headmen of the place received a Tract: he went aside, and read a part of it; and, after some time, came and said, “That, which is written in this book, is true ; and true it is, that our ceremonies and adorations are vain : I shall take the book home, and read it, and return it to you.” "March 23.−I left Trivatoor, and, at noon, arrived at a choultry, where I met with several Brahmins: one of them asked me whether the Mission School-master in Kannipootoor was not my disciple : I answered, “No : he is a Heathen, and a Brahmin, as you know 3" but he would not believe me: he said, “I know better; for he has instructed me in your books, and recommended them to me as true.” These people were very kind to us; and received the Words of the Redeemer's kingdom with joy. One said, “You are surely right: you have but one God, and one Shastram, and one way to happiness; and we have so many, that we do not know which to choose, and what to believe, because one disagrees with the other.”
Ertracts from the Journal of the Rev. James Ridsdale.
Visit to the Schools near Madras. June 7, 1821. – This morning, at five o'clock, set off, with Mr. Bären
bruck, on a tour into the vicinity of Madras, to the west and north ; for the purpose of ascertaining what places