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inquisitive than before. A striking instance of this occurred in the Third Madras School, at certain periods. These views of the efficacy of the Gospel are acknowledged by all Christians, as correct, taken 1x the A Bstract ; but it seems to me, that they are but little acknowledged and acted upon, with respect to the management of Schools for Natives of India. May 28, 1821. —It is pleasing to observe, that a desire after more instruction is kindling among our Scholars. They frequently apply to me for Tamul Tracts, in order to read them at home. We give books to those only, who read well, and whose general behaviour is orderly. We hope hereby to stimulate the others to diligence, and to enhance in their eyes the gift of such a book. May 30. —Some measures, devised by the friends of Education, seem likely to prove temptations to Schoolmasters to deceive. I cannot but mention here, as an instance, what I read to-day in the very valuable and useful compilation of School Reports, in the Missionary Register for March 1849, p. 1 18 ; where it is stated, that, in one case, the wages of the Schoolmasters are regulated according to the number of Scholars; but, in order to take away from the Master the temptation to swell the School in point of numbers, the price given for all incapable of writing from Dictation was so small, as scarcely to repay the care required for a system of deception in point of numbers, while it was greatly increased for such as could write from Dictation. But, by this measure, they will be led into another temptation : viz. to induce, by various means, eveu by little presents, Boys who have the means of being inslructed in their own Schools, and who have already made some progressin reading, to leave their Schools and to come over to them: while they entirely neglect, yea discourage, ihose small and slow Roys, who give them uo hope of g in for a consi
derable time to come ; and the rare
ful instruction of whom would only
deprive them of the advantages, which the quicker advancement of the Elder Boys procures to them. Thus the PR incipal end of these Charity Schools is counteracted; namely, to enable those Children to READ THE clvd tibings of salvation, who would otherwise be quite destitute of all instruction. June 11. — As the dormant faculties of the School Boys are in some degree awakening, I observe, that, generally, the Boys of Caste are considerate in their answers, and regular in their behaviour. When saying their lessons, they do not often forfeit their places from committing mistakes: yet their minds seem to be fettered ; and it appears to be difficult for them to familiarize theiuselves with new ideas. The Parriar Boys, on the contrary, often forfeit their places, through inconsiderate answers and wrong spelling or reading ; which is a consequence of the great incorrectness of their language but they gain their places again, and advance to the highest, by answers which require a free exercise of their mental powers. I should like to know whether others, who are much engaged in Schools, have made the same observation. It seems to me that Caste, while it constrains the Native to an outwardly regular and decent behaviour, enchains his mental powers. June 15.-Having now succeeded to bring the inferior classes into a certain train, I began to-day to introduce in the reading class, a very important branch of instruction, and a distinguished feature in Dr. Bell's System —to ask the pupils questions on each sentence which they read. In order to learn what phrases and words Children and Adults do or do not understand, I find it very necessary to catechise often, and to talk with Children freely on the subjects which occur in the lessons. We learn thus to divest ourselves of our European ideas and
turns of expression; in which erroneous expressions, unintelligible to a Tamulian, we are much strengthened by studying Tamul books, written by Europeans, though they may be praised as good Taunul Scholars. An important hint is given, in this respect, by Dr. Buchanan, in his Address to the Brethren going to India. July 4, 1821.-Several Children of Caste have left the School; alleging as a reason, that it is inconsistent with their Caste and Religion to learn by heart Christian Books. A number of Children stay away from the School, and frame various excuses. Satan has certainly reason to tremble for his kingdom, when Children have imprinted on their memories the Doctrines of Christ. July 6.—A Boy of Caste requested to be admitted into the School. Thus some leave, and others come. July 10.-We, this day, examined our First Tamul School. As the best instruction will not benefit Boys unless they attend regularly, we thought it advisable to reward those who had behaved best and attended most : nine were rewarded, six of which had a piece of cloth. Their progress is slow, but I trust a good foundation is laid for a quickergrowth in spiritual and intellectual improvement. July 31. – Since the beginning of this month I have appointed three Ushers, chosen from the highest class, at half-a-rupee each per month; for which sum they have also to copy on ollas at home, certain passages of Scripture for the use of the School. Dr. Bell's observation is just, that “such a remuneration to Ushers is indispensable, in order to encourage them to diligence in their frequently tiresome and unpleasant duties:” and it is still more important here, as the Boys are growing tall; and would, ere long, leave the School for other employment, unless induced by this small salary to remain. Their salaries must, of course, be increased as they grow older, and as they become more
adapted to fill more important stations in these or other Schools. Circumstances will shew the best way to employ them for the furtherance of the kingdom of God. Aug. 12. — It is very gratifying to observe that the Boys of our First School continue, entirely of their own accord, to attend Divine Service on Sundays. At first, I supposed that they came merely from curiosity. There were nine present to day: three were Roman Catholics, the rest were Heathen. They were very attentive, if I may judge by their countenances and deportment. Aug. 18.-Commenced to give lessons in writing on paper to ten of the . best Boys in the First School. I hope to obtain, by this means, in time, some Copyists: as they know that writing may be very useful at a future time, they are well pleased with this instruction. I hope to further our views still more, however, by this method; as I shall expect the Boys to learn a certain portion of our books by heart, besides what they learn during School-hours, if they attend the writing lessons. If we had but sufficient funds, we might take our most promising School Boys into our service, and so prevent them from seeking a maintenance elsewhere. Aug. 3 I.-The First Tamul School goes on orderly and peaceably, but slowly: there is a better spirit manifested, than there was two months ago. The Boys which have remained do every thing with readiness and diligence: all appears much more cheerful to me: before, there were continual quarrels to be decided. The Schoolmaster also seems to take more pleasure in being attentive to the Children than he did formerly ; and he enters now more into the spirit of methodical instruction. Until this School is sufficiently improved to become a central one, not much can be done in the ol hers. Sep. 7.—Several Children of Caste have returned, who have been absent two months: they probably perceiva
that the Boys which have stayed have taken no harm. An objection has been started—that if the New System obliged Children to come in close contact with one another, it would be necessary to abandon it in Schools where Boys of different castes assembled : but this is chiefly the case with the Lancasterian Plan, whereby Boys are obliged to stand close together near one card, the letters on which are perhaps printed close and small: in Bell's,this inconvenience is avoided, by placing a small card in the hand of each Boy. Sept. 17, 1821.-Attended the Pettah School with Br. Rhenius, and in
troduced the cards there. Br. Rhenius afterward catechized the Children. and preached outside to a crowd of people, where he had to refute the objections made to our religion by Heathens, Roman Catholics, and Mahomedans. I do not doubt but that what they heard gave them plenty of matter for after-thought.
Sept. 23.-Commenced holding a Sunday-afternoon Prayer Meeting. Several of our people, with the three Boys from the villages, who display a wish for Christian Instruction, attended. I adopt my former plan, and repeat to them the Morning Sermon.
cow MUN ic Ations Relative to the TRAVANCORE Mission.
Ertracts from the Report of the Madras Corresponding Committee, on the Translations, Clergy, College, and Schools.
Translations. THE Translation of the Scriptures (Mr. Bailey writes), which is of the first importance, occupies much of my time; and to whicl some things of less importance, such as the translation or composition of useful Tracts and Treatises, must, at present, give way. I usually spend four or five hours a day on the Translation; except when my friends and I meet at the College, or when I am from home. When that time is elapsed, I do not feel capable of attending to a great deal more. In the last nine months, I have gone through, with my assistant Waidya Nalhoryen, another revision of the Four Gospels. The Gospel of St. Luke we have looked over twice. The first ten chapters of this Gospel I have had the pleasure to forward to the Madras Auxiliary Bible Society, at the request of the Committee, as a specimen of the translation which we
have in hand here; and I shall be very glad to know the opinion of those learned Gentlemen and Natives, to whom it is the intention of the Committee to submit it. I have had six or seven copies of each of the Gospels written out and distributed, besides some small portions of a Gospel. I hope we shall soon realize the expectation of seeing a press at Cotym, when the difficulty, as well as the delay and incorrectness, which must necessarily occnriu copying, will be obviated. Numbers apply for copies of the Gospels; and thankful should we be, were we able to supply them : but that cannot be, until a large number of copies be printed. May the blessing of God attend the reading of those few which have been distributed :
Clergy. Since our last Report (Mr. Bailey continues) Ten Students have been ordained Catanars, all of whom are married : in addition to which five or six Catanars have been married. In the month of December last, Mr. Baker and I accompanied the Rev. Mr. Hough to some of the Churches, south of Cotym: viz. Neranum,Chenganoor, Callucherri, Puttencave, and Mavelicari; but since Mr. Hough has given the Committee so full an account of that journey, any remarks of mine would be superfluous. Toward the close of February, I had likewise the pleasure to accompany Major Mackworth to some of the Syrian Churches, south of Cotym. The first which we visited was Meranum. We had some conversation with the Catanars who were present, on religious subjects: we pointed out to them the necessity of reading and expounding the Scriptures to the people, every Sabbath; particularly of preaching; and the good effects which would, under the blessing of God, result from their labours in so important a work; for, so long as the Catanars neglect the duty of preaching the blessed Gospel of Christ to the people, they would remain ignorant of its sacred and holy precepts, neglect the ordinances of God's House on the Sabbath, and continue to lead immoral lives, the result of not being told the duties of Christians as contained in the Bible: moreover, as jaith eometh by hearing, the people could not believe in the Lord Jesus Christ as the Saviour of Sinners, unless He was preached to them, and His character and offices as a Saviour explained to them: coming to Church to see the Service, as the people invariably term it, was not sufficient: besides, the Service being in Syriac, a language totally unknown to the Laity, it could not be expected that they would derive any spiritual advantage from it. To the truth of this statement, the Catanars assented; and promised, in future, to read and expound the Word of God according to their ability; but, as it regards preaching, they did not at present feel capable of attempting it.
The next Church which we visited, was Chenganoor. Here all the Catanars, and a great number of the people belonging to the Church, were present. There had lately been a dispute between the Catanars and the Elders, which I believe had been occasioned by the former. These Catanars, except one who is engaged at Cotym as a writer, possess far less knowledge and information than any of the Catanars whom I have yet seen. The oppressions which the Christians belonging to this Church had lately suffered, from the principal people belonging to the Pagoda near the Church, had ceased, and we hope to hear no more of them.
We proceeded to Puttencave Church,
where we remained some hours. On our arrival, we found all the Catanars present, and a number of the people. The inhabitants, I am happy to say, are all Syrians. We visited the houses of two of the Catanars, with which we were much pleased.
From Puttencave we proceeded to Maramanna and Covencherri. We went to the latter Church first, being a little farther than the former, and the farthest our time and the state of the river would permit us to see in this part: we reached Covencherri early in the morning, and found two of the Catanars performing Service in the Church: we waited till the Service was concluded, and then had some conversation with the Catanars. Al Maramanna Church, one of the Catanars, named Abraham, is one of the principal Malpans of the Syrian Church: we had a very interesting conversation with him on religious subjects, the propagation of Christianity, and the duty of Ministers: he is a young man of talents, and anxious to improve himself; and should it please God to work on his mind by the power of His Spirit, there is reason to hope that he would be a useful character: he has an Uncle, who is one of the Catanars of this Church, whom the Syrians consider a good man and highly respect: he is now far advanced in years, and very infirm, consequently incapable of much exertion. We left this Church for Mavelicari, where we arrived on the Saturday Evening. Here we spent the Sabbath, which was a pleasant and an interesting one. Early in the morning, the Syriac Service was performed by Thoma, Catanar ; at which Major Mackworth and I were present: we were much pleased to hear him read the principal part of it in Malayalim : we observed the people much more attentive, when he read Malayalim than when he read Syriac. Immediately after this Service was concluded, I had Divine Service and preached, in Malayalim; the number of people present were about 300, all of whom appeared very attentive : from the conversation which I had with some of the people afterward, I was glad to find that they understood the greater part of the Sermon: they observed, that they should be very thankful if they had preaching every Sabbath. In the afternoon, there were two marriages: we witnessed the ceremony; after which we had a long conversation with Thoma and another Catanar. We inquired if they were accustomed to perform Service in Malayalim every Sabbath, as we had witnessed that morning : they replied in the negative—it was merely done on account of our being present : we then remarked to them, how much more attentive the people were to the Malayalim than to the Syriac part of the Service: “Yes,” replied they, “ because the people understand Malayalim, but not Syriac:” we asked if it would not tend more to the edification of the people, if theirServices were always performed in Malayalims they answered, “Undoubtedly, and it ought to be done ; but only a very small number of the Catanars are able to translate from the Syriac when they perform Service, and those who are able neglect this important duty : it is not,” said they, “ contrary to the Canons of our Church to have the Service in Malayalim :” I told them the inability or
negligence of others would not avaif as their excuse for inattention to what they were persuaded was a duty. We then conversed on the subject of Christianity, in general: and strongly recommended to them a diligent study of the Bible, with earnest prayer to God, that they might be well acquainted with its sacred and precious contents; and the great necessity of preaching and expounding the Word of God to the people, and of shewing to them that they were anxiously concerned for the salvation of their immortal souls : they were appointed Stewards of the mysteries of the Gospel, must recollect the awful responsibility under which they were placed, and would one day have to give an account of their stewardship. The Catanars appeared interested, and conversed freely ; and one of them, Thoma, manifested a tolerably good knowledge of the Scriptures, by his manner of quoting passages. They perfectly recollected Dr. Buchanan's visit to them, and spoke of him with great respect: they repeated many things which he had told them ; and observed that what he said, respecting the assistance which they would receive from England, had all come to pass: we told them that many Christians in England felt very much interested in their welfare; and daily interceded for them, at the Throne of Grace, which interest had been first excited by 1)r. Buchanan's publishing an account of his visit to their Churches.
From Mavelicari we went to Munro Island, and from thence returned to Cotym.
I intend, if it please God, in a short time, to visit all or most of the Syrian Churches, south of Cotym, . when I hope to give the Committee a fuller account.
Since the last Report (Mr. Fenu states) Eight Students have been admitted to full Orders. Two of them, had learned a little English, but not sufficient to indure them to continue