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the study of it: the others had devoted their attention exclusively to Syriac: none of them had gone through the New Testament. Three other Students have also been admitted to the Orders as far as “Hypodiaconus:” these Orders are invariably conferred at the same time, and one Service answers for all. The number of Students now in the College is forty-two, of whom nine have entered since the last Report. Marcus, of Cotym, aged 19, is the
first Student; and by far the most pro
mising of those, whom we found in the College at our coming; the Syriac Bible he can read with great ease, and is now reading Jeremiah : he can also read English, with great propriety and ease. He is the only Student who has begun Latin: he is quite perfect in the Rudiments, and in the first fourteen pages of the Syntax ; and parses the few pages of his Delectus, which he has learnt, with great accuracy. Three other Students have read the New Testament and Psalms in Syriac, and are now reading the Book of Genesis. They are all older than Marcus. They are well acquainted with what they have learnt; and, if so disposed, will have no difficulty in attaining considerable proficiency in the language. At present, they find great difficulty in reading any book but the Bible; a difficulty, which we hope will be surmounted in another year, if we can persuade the Metropolitan to withhold Ordination from them so long. Twenty-five of the Students are learning English Grammar. Six of them have made some proficiency; and are as perfect in all the inflexions of the different parts of speech as can be desired. The most proficient, excluding Marcus, who devotes the greater portion of his time to Latin and Syriac, is Abraham, of Chenganoor, aged 13: the next is Abraham, of Tutupalli, aged 14. In Sanscrit, Joseph, of Cobranga
lanceri, aged 12, and Abraham, of
Chenganoer, are first.
In manners, address, language, and regard to truth, the Students improve greatly. The internal regulation of the College, except during the hours of study, has been left to the Metropolitan,who resides there; and perhaps the better plan will be to frame a rule as it becomes necessary, rather than to draw up a set of prospective regulations. Schools. The Grammar School at Cotym is nearly completed: it is a large room, 50 feet by 30, with two small rooms and a veranda in front. The number of Boys on the foundation of the Grammar School, has been, during the last month, only ten. We hope, in the course of a month or two, to complete the number intended for this School. The Ten Seminarists, for whom an allowance of fourteen rupees per month is granted by the Committee, have made some little progress in English, Sanscrit, and Malayalim.
List of Schools, in November 1821.
Name. Date. Masters. Schol. 1. Accha Parumba. 1821 Maraghesa... 15 2 Ancumali....... 1821 Maraghesa...15 3 Cullata......... 1819 Chandapilla. .31, 4 Culluncatare... 1820 ............ 14 5 Cundanatt ...... 1820 Cunjatenna...29 6 Curringacherri ... 1820 Abraham....19 7 Cattamattam.... 1821 .............
9 Chenganoor..... 10 Cheppatt........ 1820 Mattai ...... .30 ll Calancheri...... 1821 Jacob....... 11 12 Cotamangalam ... 1821
- - - - - - - - - - - - - -
13 Catayam School. 1821 Kurrien ... .30 14 Cananculancari... 1821 ............. 65 15 Curigni........ 1821 ....... ------ I6 16 Carupumppati... 1821 Thoma. . .... 10 17 Etatott ....... . 1821 Thoma. ... . .22 18 Mamalacheri.... 1821 Yacob ...... 12
19 Manercatt....... 1820 Nelando.... 16 20 Maramanna..... 1821 Cocanda .....15
21 Mavelicari...... 1820 Shunkera.... 16 22 Mulaculam...... 1821 Chresna..... 9 23 Mulanduratte... 1820 Abraham ... .27 24 Nechchur....... 1821 lttera ...... • 13 25 Neranum...... 1820 Maraghesa...30 26 Omalleer ..... ... 1821 Jacob . . . . . . . 25 27 Puttencave. 1820 . . . . . . ... ... .14 28 Pallicari ....... 1820 ............. 17 29 Paravur.... .... 1821 Govinapilla..ll 30 Puttupalli....... 1820 ............. 32 31 Paruam...... ... 1821 Yohannam... 12 32 Rani. . . . . . . . . . . 1821 Goveraghesa .20 33 Terurvancatt.... 1821 Geveraghesa 14 34 Tumbonum...... 1820 Thoma...... .30 35 Watacari. . . . . . 1821 Shunkarapilla ll
In the above Schools (Mr. Baker states) no alteration has been made in the native mode of teaching. The Catechisms translated by the Mission Translator have been introduced, and
are taught to the Children as soon as they are capable of learning them : in some Schools, a great part of them has been committed to memory.
Ertracts from the Journal of the Rev. Joseph Fenn, at Colym.
* Feb. 7, 1821.—Heard of a cruel torture used by the tax-gatherers: i. e. the placing of the two feet of the individual upon his two thighs, each foot upon his opposite thigh; he cannot loosen them himself, and the pain is excruciating. Sometimes they place a large weight, besides, on each foot. Feb. 20. — Accompanied Major Mackworth to the Syrian Church, the Commemoration Day of Gabriel Patriarch from Antioch, a Nestorian. Inquired the reason of the honour paid to him: the Metropolitan said that it was a custom, but not quite correct—that when he came from Antioch, they had no one to teach them. When we arrived at the Church, three Masses had been performed. The Church was crowded. The Metropolitan, at our request, directed the Catanar to read the Gospel in Malayalim. March 20. — Moses Sarphaty expressed himself very strongly on the speedy destruction of Idolatry and the propagation of Christianity. He asked me to reconcile the two passages Lam. v. 21, and Mal. iii. 7. He made one remark, which leads me to think that there are feelings prevalent among the Jews, very different from those entertained by us; viz. that God must first return to them. His remark was, that, in a quarrel between Husband and Wife, the Husband says, “She must sue to me, and I will then receive her:” and the Wife says, “If he call me, I will come”—“ and so,” he continued, “ a middle one is needed between them.” March 26.—The Metropolitan argued strongly in favour of the celibacy of the Virgin Mary. I said, that, from the language of Scripture, it
was probable ; but I could not decide. He asked me, “Supposing two persons of equal holiness, one married the other unmarried, which would have the greatest honour in Heaven?” I said that St. Paul spoke in favour of a single state, but that regard should be had to the motive : and that, as we pray to God not to lead us into temptation, we should not needlessly run into it. On speaking of the great necessity of a holy imagination for such a state, and alluding to the case of David, where a glance was the inlet of sin, he listened deeply ; and said, that, without the grace of Jesus Christ, it was impossible; but added “He will uphold !” I joined heartily in this feeling; and said, that, on this point, it was our duty and safety to banish all distrust and unbelief. In the evening, Moses Sarphaty said that the only doubts remaining among the Jews were those relating to Circumcision and the Sabbath. On Circumcision, I made him read Acts xv. and Eph. ii. 11, &c. then the passage relating to the rending of the Templevail, and then two or three passages from the Hebrews. He seemed amazed. He said, “The time is come ! Idols will be abolished, all will become of one faith !” .4pril.—My charge have gone to their homes. It is a laborious task, that of instructing them; some will never learn, I mean of those who are intended for the Priest's Office. All their desire is, to obtain full Orders, and to be sent to their Churches. I tried some of them as to their real efficient knowledge of Syriac. I set them passages of authors which they had never seen, to translate into Malayalim : two of thcm had passages eut of a Commentary on the Gospels; one, a Hymn of Ephraim's ; one, one of their Canons: first of all they said (excepting my young friend Marcus) that they could not do it: but, after two or three days' consideration, they all performed their tasks after a fashion, and better than I expected : they know not how to compose in their own language. The other Students improve: seven of the principal were confronted with one another: they conducted the examination among themselves, asking questions regarding their progress in English—the moods, tenses, persons, &c. of the verbs, regular and irregular: they asked and answered, with as much facility as I could myself. Their desire to learn is great—their temper, admirable. With them I have no fault to find. Our friend Marcus is every thing that I could wish : he is really a good Syriac Scholar, and can read his Syriac Bible as well as I can my English ; and when we recollect that he never read the Bible in Malayalim, his native tongue, it shews good serviceable knowledge of Syriac: I take him with me to Cochin, &c. occasionally: the Jews argued with him at great length ; and, among other things, said that the Apostles had altered many things which Jesus Christ did not, and that Jesus said expressly he came not to destroy but to fulfil: Marcus replied, “You must fix the
meaning of the expression to fulfil.” he is nineteen : he is getting on well in Latin, but the first year affords not much to speak of. May, 7 1821.--Since the end of March, I have read through St. John's Gospel, the Acts, and the Epistles as far as Ephesians, in Syriac. " I read Hebrew with Moses Sarphaty, till he left for Cochin ; and revised some of the translation of the Indian Pilgrim. The last four days, I have been reading the Syriac Daily Prayers now in use, and have finished half the Service for the Sabbath Evening, I have had many conversations with Malpan Abraham, on the Prayers; and particularly on their prayers to and adoration of the Virgin. His object was to show, that, as Jesus Christ had now in heaven the very identical body that was conceived in the womb of Mary, therefore Mary still bore the relation of a Mother, and ought to have prayers and honours accordingly. He said, that, as the Apostles performed miracles in the name of . Christ and by the power of Jesus Christ, so Mary in heaven hears and answers prayers in a similar way. He was very confident in his point, and nothing but a spiritual apprehension will remove these notions. May 10.—Paid a visit to Mar Philoxenus, on his arrival from the North. It was truly pleasing to see the two Metropolitans together.
Frtracts from the Journal of the Rev. Thomas JWorton, at Allepie, from April to December 1821.
.April 7, 1821. — Those whom I baptized continue to proceed steadily in the Christian Path. They are very thankful for the Gospels of Matthew and Mark, and the Church Prayers, on ollas. One, that can read very well, reads them with pleasure to others: the number of hearers does not decrease, but, rather otherwise. One or two have applied to be admitted to baptism.
JMay 2.-Spent a happy day with
my Brethren at Cotym, In the morning we discussed the question, “Whe are suitable subjects for Christian Baptism?” Preached, at two o'clock, in the Church, from Isaiah lz. 1. to a goodly number of Syrians. It was encouraging to see the Metran with some Catanars attending to the truths of the Gospel. JMay 3.-Wentwith the Brethren to the College, and was gladdened with what is in progress for the revival of
ibis people : as it regards the Library, preparations for Schools, Seminary, &c. Reflecting on the state of things when I first came at the cominenceent of the Mission, and comparing ". with the present, fills the hea with gratitude, and puts in one's idouth a new song of praise to the
*:::::::::: * — . . . . -o "May 28, 1821–This morning was one of severe trial. The weather of late has been very bad; yesterday and last night, tremendously so. The Church Tower, being badly builtand quite green, came down this morning about two o'clock, leaving nothing but a leap of ruins." There are circhinstances, connected with this, of a most merciful kind. Had it, in falling, inclined over the Church, considerable mischief must have been done; and two or three Boys, sleeping in the Church, most likely would have been killed ; but nothing injurious has happened, either to the Church or individuals; and I have a hope of recovering the loss, in good part at least, by subscription. . . . June 4.—Examined some persons for baptism, and determined to admit six, five men and one woman, to that Sacred Ordinance. I could refuse none of these. I have a good hope of three being real Christians, especially a blind lad. June 10, Whit-Sunday. — Baptized the above persons, with three children. The Catechist gave an exhortation to the persons baptized, from Matt. xxviii. 19, $0. June so.-A rumour of Popish opposition again. A understand, that, by order of the Bishop lately arrived from Europe, publications have been issued in the Catholic Church, prehabites Reanau-Catheirc Children free coswas to our Schools, if it be rise. I shall be grieved a but I trust the teroiwa Soves seed out of evil. .***-** sevesong married twe *e, as Yāsabao, one couple were i-o, so assos and have a fa*** - -ss-baetated fast *-*** -\\*Sutovlav
last. The woman of the other couple was also baptized on Whit-Sunday: she has lived several years with a man that formerly was a Nambourie; but, about twelve years since, was baptized in the Roman Catholic-Church; he, of late, has attended our Church, and has been very desirous of being mar: ried. Thus, it is to be hoped, that the Gospel has done some little good, The first mentioned couple also wished to be married, according to the Christian rule.,,, , , * July 5.-The news concerning the Bishop's order, is confirmed; . and more also: for he has issued orders that the Sacred Scriptures are not to be read, without leave from the Pope. Thus a time of trial is again come. At present, the people are alarmed. I hope it will, ere long, pass over; and that, on reflection, many will, choose light rather than ... But, sure I am, that the opposition of men will redound to the success of the Gospel: Aug. 1–Two Heathens have prox. fessed themselves desirous of becoming Christians. With one of them my head servant, who I hope is a sincere €hristian, has had some interesting conversation: he deckares theiva." nity of idols, being assured that they cannot benefit him; that none but the True God can do him good; and that none but Jesus, the Saviour of, sins, ners, can save his soul : he made ser: veral inquiries respecting what altera: tion the Christian Religion would require him to make in his present situation and customs: on being informed none, but the renunciation of sin and idolatry, he expressed himself desirous of attending Christian Instructions but l fear that the world stands between Christ and him, and that he is not likely to be decided yet : it appears that he has property in his faunity, which he wishes to be divided, and his portion to be allotted and secured to him, before he discards Paganism, lest he should not get it afterwards, as is likely to be the case. The other man also unentions the same, that were it not for a tonipound ot w.” -* *
o - * * * * * * * * * *
TRAvAN coke Mission.
two, he would be a Christian immediately. This is an usual case here— that the possession of property is general in the family, and very little in particular by an individual; which is a great obstacle to the external spread of Christianity. . . . " * , , ; * * Sept. 3, 1821.--A week or two back, I instituted a kind of Catechetical Lecture; on Wednesday Evenings. I found most of the attendants exceedingly ignorant; so much so, that it is with great difficulty that one can get them to comprehend the most plain and simple things.” These are, of course, of almost the lowest order or caste. I requested them to learn to read, which a few immediately complied with. - - : of is". . . . . Sept. 25.-I was requested to establish a School among the Conganee Brahmins. They say that 300 Children' will attend it. : ...:*: * Sept. 26.-I was informed that the above Conganees fear to allow our books in the School, as they know not what they contain. I understand that some Catholics are at the bottom of this business. These people will neither learn to go to heaven themselves, nor permit others if they can prevent it. For the satisfaction of the Conganees, I desired a Catechism and a Gospel or two to be read to them. . Some of the larger Boys, that have been in the Bazar-School from its commencement, have left it. I hope their superstitious ideas are giving way; and that, in time, the Word of God will be freely admitted. The people are exceedingly desirous of an English School, and assure me that very many will attend. most happy to effect this, as it would bring Christianity into the School at once, with other useful knowledge. I have directed a Petition to be brought for it. A few days ago, the Catechist being in conversation in the Bazar and dis tributing Tracts, a man stood by and listened, and afterward followed him.
He observed, that, from what he had
heard of the Christian Religion, it was
I shall be
323 a very good one ; that he should like to be of it, and could he be allowed to attend for instruction. This, of course, was granted him ; and he attends daily. There is an encouraging hope, that from the Catechist's conversation in the Bazar, a stir is commencing. This is what I long to see. . . . . .” ". . . . . . Sept. 29.-I am happy to have the Matrimonial, Burial, Public Baptis. mal Services, and the Catechism, correctly translated ; at least, they will want but little revising for the Press. * , . . . Oct. 4.—On Tuesday Evening, I went to Cotym; and spent a most profitable time with my Brethren there. - * . . . . * . . . . This evening, I received two Young Men from the Church of Rome into our Church. A Young Woman, who has lived with us ever since we first came into Travancore, although she had left the Church of Rome more than two years, begged to be permitted publicly to testify her renunciation of that Church.” Two Young Females also (one thirteen, the other fourteen years of age), by their Mother's wish, united in this act. The Mother is a Protestant, a member of the Dutch Church; but owing to no. Protestant being at Cochin, these, children of her’s were baptized by a Romish Priest, with which she was not satisfied, and therefore wished her. Daughters to be received "into the Protestant Church. . - ; , , , , Oct. 9. – Encouraging accounts from the Bazar. There are much. conversation and inquiry respecting religion. One person appears to be very desirous of Christian Instruction and baptism. I received a Letter from my former Moonshee, in which he, in strong. terms, regrets the want of Christian Instruction—assures me that he is miserable without it—laments being deterred from coming among us, by the threats of some and the entreaties, of others—and determines to release himself from these, on his Mother's