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recovery, and to enjoy peace of mind. May he have something beyond mere nature to enable him to burst these bonds! Oet. 13, 1821. — This has been a solemn day. Captain Savage, of H.M. 87th Regiment, died on board a ship in the road, at half-past six this morning. The bell tolling all day gave extensive information; so that at five o'clock in the evening, an unusual concourse of people, between 700 and 1000, were assembled to witness the procession. It appeared to have a great effect on all castes and descriptions of persons. Such a circumstance had not occurred in Allepie before. Oct. 22.-Much opposition to the Young Persons who joined us lately. One has been compelled to attend the Catholic Church, and do Penance : he is much alarmed, and has gone back to secure peace and safety; this is to be expected. I am told that he was not sincere in joining us, but had worldly ends in view : this I suspect. owever, perceiving that he, after joining us, did not, as his companion has uniformly done, act with the requisite decision, I desired him to erase his name with his own hand. I understand that yesterday he underwent a complete ordeal and purification : he was, as it were, re-baptized; being sprinkled with holy water and anointed with oil, and having his mouth and tongue cleansed with salt 1 Aov. 26.-A Young Man from Cochin, who has been in Allepie and attended Church about eighteen months, called this morning. He
states, that, within the last twelve months, it has pleased God to effecthis mind, in giving him to see himself a sinner standing in need of pardoning mercy through Christ, and that he desires to hate all sin and to give himself up unreservedly to God. He goes to Cochin to-day, to ask permission of his Father, who belongs to the Dutch Church, to join, us: it is encouraging to find one and another thus wrought upon. Dec. 1.-The above Young Man arrived from Cochin, having obtained his Father's consent: he will unite with us at the Lord's Table tomorrow. Dec. 11.-We have most gladly received the press, and I have forwarded it to Cotym. This affords me unspeakable pleasure, notwithstanding it occassioned me to snap the tendon on the back of my leg in two, by which I have been confined to my couch and table for nearly the last two months. I have not been able to stand in my pulpit thrice on the Lord's Day, but have been compelled to request the Catechist to assist me more than usual. I have been able to bear twice pretty well, and begin to hope that shortly I shall be able to go through the three times. I need not state again the calamity that befel the Tower of our Church, having written so fully concerning it before. The cost of building was 600 Rupees. I have the pleasure to inform you, that the subscriptions toward the re-building it amount to between 500 and 600 Rupees.
list, during the last three months, is about 50 ; but the average attendance does not exceed 20. Many Boys, who had attended a short time and acquired a little knowledge, have gone away; and, it may be feared, have forgotten all that they had learned: some who have begun to learn English, and have been enabled to read and write a little, either through their own pride, thinking that they had learned enough, or through the want of parental influence, have gone away to come no more; and some of whom we hoped well, thinking that they promised fair to become useful to our Mission by supplying us with able Schoolmasters, have disappointed us. There are a few, however, who continue to attend, of whom 24 Boys repeat the Lord's Prayer; 20 — repeat the Ten Commandments; read in the New Testament, Cingalese ; 13 — repeat the first part of aScripture Hist. Catechism; 9 —repeat the second part of ditto. 12 are learning English ; and s read and write tolerably well. The Children in this School are catechised daily, by one of us, upon the Old Testament; and they are now become so used to this method of instruction, that, having heard a portion of Scripture read over, they will answer almost any question that we can ask them upon it.
Baddagamme Girls' School.
For want of a School-room, the Girls are instructed in the veranda of our house. The prospect of obtaining clothing (which they do if they attend well) operates as a stimulus upon them; so that the attendance is larger and more regular than in any of our Boys' Schools. The total number exceeds 50, and the average attendance is about 40. They are catechised daily in the Scriptures, by Mrs. Mayor or Mrs. Ward; on whom their entire instruction devolves, and who attend (one or both of them) several hours every day. They are all learning to
he conforms to our directions in teaching the Boys; and we may hope, that, by attending our Meeting for the Schoolmasters on Wednesday Evenings, his mind will gradually become enlightened. Total number on the list, 35; average attendance, 17. 28 repeat the Lord's Prayer ; - 21 repeat the Commandments; 11 spell words of two or three syllables. . . . . This School has been commenced only a few months, and the Boys were in total ignorance when they entered. Lelweila School.—The road is bad to this village. The inhabitants are very strongly given to idolatry.
The Rev. Messrs. Mayor and Ward on
Aug. 14, 1821—In the evening, we went to the house of one of our neighbours, who, we understood, was about to have a Devil's Ceremony. We found the Capoda, or Devil's Priest, returning from the adjacent jungle; where he had been placing offerings of flowers and rice, which he said the god (for they consider the Devil to be a god) would take. The object of this ceremony was to restore an old sick woman to health. The Capooa was ornamented about the head and neck with plaintain leaves cut into small pieces; and he had on an old scarlet jacket ; altogether he made a most Judicrous appearance. Besides the offerings placed in the jungle, they were to offer money and rice in the house. The Capooa acknowledged that he took the money and rice, and left the flowers for the god. An image had been painted by a Youth who was present: it was intended to represent one of the planets; which, as the Capooa explained it, was a man with a serpent's head, riding upon a black boar, and in the act of eating an elephant. Our reasonings about the folly and sinfulness of such practices, appeared to have little effect. The people of the house several times
o the State of the Matives.
expressed their wish to proceed with the ceremony, which they seemed ashamed to do in our presence. After having waited, therefore, about an hour and a half, we left them' and came home. Who, that is acquainted with the condition of these deluded people, and that knows the precious peace and hope which the Gospel, produces, will not earnestly pray with us for the blessing of God to rest upon every attempt to alter that, condition 1 - - -Aug. 15. – I have had a long coliversation to-day (Mr. Ward writes), with a Budhist Priest, of the Mahabadda, or Cinnamon Caste, in the presence of our Schoolboys and several people. He was more open and candid than any of his brethren that’ I have hitherto met with. We talked” upon all the leading points of Budhism, with calmness and good humour. His chief statements were such as these—That there are five principal sins; viz., killing of animals, lying, adultery, robbery, and drunkcnness— that the commission of one sin, even that of telling a lie, will be followed by a punishment of millions of years in hell—that there is no Creator of the world ; no one who takes cognizance of human actions; no one to determine the degree of our happimess or punishment hereafter; no one to pardon sin–that the creation o the world and its continuance, as well, as the propagation of the human speoies and of animals, are all governed by chance—that sin will be its own" punishment. I called the people around me, and spoke to them on the isserent topics of the discourse, welling, particularly on the desert of sin, and Pointing out to them the defect of Budhism, in that it provided mo'way of pardon for sinners, from which I preached to them Jesus." he abstaining from killing and eating animals and, from drinking any kind of spirits, is the glory of Budhism ; although upon the coast, the prejudices of the people respecting these things, are, in a great measure," moved through the influence of uropean Society ; but, in no country in the world, are the crimes of lying, deception, stealing and adultery carried to a greater pitch than they are among the Cingalese. Nov.24, 1821.—The following (says Mr. Ward) is a translation of a passage from one of the ancient religious books of the Cingalese, which I had for my lesson a short time since – If it be asked: “What reward will be to -i. , - • * *
a. * * * * * *
Man, whose office it is to visit, examine, and regulate these Schools, accord
ing to my plans. Though I have not,’ therefore, the immediate superintendThe Interpreter himself is expected to
ance of the Schools, yet I am made intimately acquainted with every,
thing that is done in them; while I
of - . . . . . . . ... ... Mr. Knight's Rules for Conducting the Wellore Schools.
him who abstains:from killing animals?” this is the answer-In, the place where he, shall be born (alluding to, the notion of transmigration), he shall have a full body, with a proportionable stature: he shalf have a good disposition : his body shall be tender, and soft, and clean ; and he shall, have great strength: he shall have faithful and unchangeable attendants; he shall not be afraid of any one; nor shall he be subject to any one; nor shall any one kill him; his attendants shall be innii; merable: he shall have heither sickness nor sorrow ; he shall love the people of the world, and he shall not be separated from those who love him ; and, lastly, he shall have a long life. - ".
- - - - ... . . v . . . ;
When I had read this story, I smiled at my Teacher, and inquired whether he believed it. He said that he must believe it. I inquired why he must believe it. “Because,” said he, “it is written in the ancient books." I. then asked him to point out to me a , man who had obtained all these wonderful advantages. He said that he could not do that. We have frequently such conversations as this, and his defence is generally the same, viz., “It is written in the ancient books.”. When shall I, when shall all, Christians, learn to receive the glorious truths of our Holy Religion with the same simple confidence as this' poor man does the absurd stories of the Bana , , , , ,
visit them myself as I find opportunity. This Young Man, on his return from visiting a School, is required to enter in a book what he has done there, the progress or otherwise. of each class, and the attention or ne
glect of the Master with regard to my plans: this memorandum is to be especially referred to in the next visit
to that School: i.e., if Boys are reported as deficient in learning, the Master is told of it; and inquiries are
made into the progress of such Boys.
visit two Schools a week, to see that every thing is properly attended to : minutes of his visit are also entered in the book. The Masters of the Schools meet me every Thursday Evening, to give in the report of their Schools for the past week, and receive new directions; when the Minutes of the Visitors for the past week are read before them, and if any report is unfavourable inquiries are made, this keeps up a spirit of diligence on the part of the Masters, as none like to be exposed for neglect of duty.
Rules, to be given in writing to each Master, to which he is required strictly to conform. When a boy begins the alphabet, he must have only four letters given for his lesson. Till he can tell and write these four correctly, he must not have another letter given him : the whole alphabet must not be kept in the boy's hand, to be taught according to the usual custom. For the second lesson, let the boy have four new letters; and when they are learnt, another four. In this way, he must learn through the alphabet; viz. he must have no more letters for a lesson than he can learn well. A sharp boy will learn several such lessons in a day. In the evening, lettheboy be much exercised in writing all the letters which he has before learnt; and especially those which he has learnt that day, that he may not forget them. Boys must be exercised in writing the alphabet an hour every evening, when they are in the next books; otherwise they will soon forget their letters. When a boy has learnt the alphabet, he must have a short lesson in easy reading: it must not be more than four words, because the boy cannot learn more: he may learn several lessons in a day. Till another book is provided, this lesson may be in the Lord's Prayer. The boy must spell all the words himself, till he knows them well: no one must tell him either letters or words, till he has tried to find them out himself: if the boy has every thing told him, he will learn very little. Let this be strictly observed throughout the School. If the Boy is able, he must spell and pronounce every word himself to him who hears him. The lessons which the boy commits to memory must be perfectly learnt; otherwise he must be sent buck to learn them again. When a boy is learning a book a second time, to get it more perfectly, he is not to be permitted to learn where he likes; but
is, every day, to have the quantity which he is to learn marked by the Master: and this must be heard the same as a new lesson. Let the boys, every evening, write in the sand the words of the lesson which they have learned in the day. For this purpose, they must be placed in classes of four or five each, with a boy before them, capable of teaching them. The Teacher must mention a word, and point to some boy to spell it. He who spells it, must pronounce the word first, and then tell the letters. All the boys of the class must then write it, and another boy be called on to read and pronounce it. When boys enter the School, they must begin to leari: the Lord's Prayer by memory, the alphabet boys not excepted. When this is well learnt, the Ten Commandments; then, the first Catechism, Sermon on the Mount, Creation, Fall, and Deluge, Second Catechism, &c. The progress of the boys will be marked, when the School is visited: therefore, while other books are permitted to be learnt, they must learn an equal proportion of the books which I give, every day. Some time is to be employed, every evening, in repeating the old lessons, to prevent their being forgotten. The boys must stand up in classes—the Lord's Prayer Class first; then Commandments, and First Catechism ; Sermon, &c. Let this be well attended to ; and let the class begin on the following day, where they left off on the preceding. The Master must appoint how much is to be repeated, and see that they repeat it two or three times over. Let the Masters try much to teach the boys to read printed books. As soon as a boy has learnt the alphabet, let him read the letters every day in printed books, till he knows them well and boys who are able, must read in classes every day, till they can read freely and distinctly. They must not have the books in their hands, unless they are reading to a Teacher; because they will not take care of them. The Master should often bear the best class himself; but good readers may hear the other classes, under the Master's direction. That they may learn to read well, they must be taught to make proper pauses, according to the sense of the sentonce. A boy should never say a word, unless he knows it ; but should look at it, and spell it, till he can pronounce it properly. They must read without singing or saying the words twice over. A boy who cannot read freely and distinctly any printed book that is put into his hand, is not a good reader. The Master who gets