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by the means which Shunghee has obtained: they intend to sweep every thing before them. The Lord prevent them : Sept. 3, 1821.—Another division of canoes leaves this place to-morrow, to join the main body. The Natives have been casting balls all day, in Mr. Kemp's shop : they come in when they please, and do what they please, and take away what they please, and it is vain to resist them : insult upon insult, we are obliged to bear from them; and when they return from this fight, they will most probably be more ferocious. The time for this people seems at a distance : the prospect of being useful to them seems cut off, O Lord, guide us with thine eye Sept. 4.— Four large beautiful canoes manned with from sixty to seventy men each, rowed up and down the river, for exercise and to show their skill. They move with wonderful swiftness, and are managed with great dexterity : Shunghee was dressed in his scarlet uniform, and thought more of himself than any Admiral of the Red ever did. There is an old Priest on board, who goes with thera : it is said that he has dreamed that all the canoes were
dashed to pieces in a storm, and if he dreams the same dream again they will not go at present. We think they will have at least a thousand muskets in this armament, and plenty of powder and ball. The heart sickens to hear of the destruction which they talk of making. Sept. 12.-This seems a climate very favourable to horticulture : we have most European vegetables in perfection—asparagus as thick as one's finger, planted about eighteen months ago — peach trees, planted about the same time from stones, now five feet high, and some of them in blossom. Oh, that the people were equally good with the climate I have given to the Chiefs, peach trees, vines, seeds of different kinds, &c. and when these come to perfection, they may perhaps remember with sorrow that they drove us away, which it seems likely they will do. Sept. 20. – The trees are in full bloom ; every thing looks luxuriant and beautiful—the weather fine, similar to April in England. Many of the Natives having gone to the fight, and the rest preparing the ground for koomeras, we enjoy a portion of rest and quietness which we have long been unacquainted with.
Ertract from the Communications of Mr. John King.
I Have collected from the Natives their notions respecting death and a separate state. They say, that, at the death of a Chief, his soul goes to the Treaingha, at the North Cape; and sometimes comes to speak to the relations left behind, in their dreatns. They ask the spirit if he has seen all their departed friends, and how it fares with them: he says—“I have seen them, and they are all well.” The spirits dispute and fight, plant koomeras, have abundance of provisions, &c. in the other world. When a Chief dies, he becomes an Atua : his relations lament over the corpse, and pray that he will make clear and straight the road, and provide a place
Feb. 8, 1821.-Went to Harman's, to elect Inspectors. We met in the house of a very aged pious slave. His great-grand children are of the little group of our Scholars; and it seems to be among his few outward comforts, to have the children with him in the evening to sing, &c. We find the slaves so ready to comply with any thing that we propose, that it is our endeavour, on all occasions, to use our influence to their benefit.
After singing and prayer, we ad
dressed them concerning the business in hand, and proceeded to elect seven of the most eligible to the office of Inspectors. Feb. 27.—The work of God is prospering at English Harbour, particularly among the young people and children attached to the Sunday School. I was much pleased at hearing an account of an African Girl belonging to the School. There is a deep work of conviction upon her mind. She says her little sins as well as big sins, and sins that she had committed while in her own country and had forgotten, now trouble her. A Mahomedan also has lately been brought to the knowledge of the truth: his conversation has been remarkable: he once had a particular hatred to the Blessed Name of Jesus, but now that Name is his delight: he had an Arabic Bible given to him, some time ago; one of those left here by Lieut. Lugger. .March 8. — At Belfast, admitted thirty new Scholars; making, in all, 217. There appears an encreasing desire after learning, both in old and young. The young people begin to sing well: singing to them is a pleasing part of the duty. Went from Belfast to Lower Waldron's. Here lives Relia Governier,
a very aged and pious Negro Woman. One of her daughters informed us, some days ago, that she called all her family who were at home to her bed-side, and told them that she felt as if the Lord would soon call her home, and she was much concerned for their souls. She earnestly exhorted them to secure the favour of God, and gave them much Christian advice, and then poured out her heart in prayer with so much fervour as greatly to affect all present. We found her in the same happy frame of mind. Under the same roof we assembled as many of the Parents as could attend. In our usual way, we opened the Meeting with singing and prayer; and proceeded to lay before them our design in choosing Inspectors, with the duty required of them. All seemed heartily to agree to our plan. We appointed ten, one of whom is William Waldron, a great-grandson of the above-mentioned old woman, free and married, and about 36 years of age. As he and his Wife are religious people, we were glad that they entered into our views, and engaged to teach the children at all convenient opportunities. We left them with every reason to expect that much good will arise from such advantages. May 20, Sunday. — Mr. Whitney, one of the Overseers on Lynch's Estate, remarked that there was a wonderful change throughout that estate —that when he came from England, he was shocked at the immorality which prevailed; fiddling and dancing on Sunday Evenings, followed by fighting and quarrelling; but that, of late, ail this was done away, and something better had taken place. May 27, Sunday. - A pious old man, Henry Cochrane departed this life. The week before his death, when Mrs. Thwaites visited him, he told her that he had been looking back, and calling to mind seasons when he had been surrounded with temptations to sin ; and how he had been enabled, by the grace of God, to resist and overcome—so that, from the time when he had begun to serve God, which was from his youth, he had been kept to old age; and that all his trials, which were not a few toward the close of his life, had been made the means of bringing him to cleave more to God. He was brought to the knowledge of the truth, by the blessing of God on the care of Mr. Nathaniel Gilbert, who devoted himself to the instruction of his Negroes; many of whom, he was the means of turning from darkness to light: on the death of Mr. Gilbert, these were as sheep without a Shepherd, till Missionaries arrived. A pious old man, named Quacou, belonging to the same Owner, but living on another estate, became the friend and counsellor of Henry, and offered to teach him to read : he was rejoiced at the offer; and, though he had very little time, he learned to read well enough to enjoy his Bible and Prayer-Book: one of his aged Sisters, who set out in the good way with him, says, that so great was his love for his book, that he used to carry it to the field in his bosom, and look into it at every opportunity : * when he had no candle, he would make a fire on purpose to read by ; and his profiting soon appeared to all. Henry laid himself out to be useful to his fellow-slaves; teaching several to read, as far as he was himself able: when Mr. Gordon sent out a Schoolmaster to teach the Young Slaves on his estates, Henry was induced to undertake the like work among the children on the estate on which he lived. It was his care of
• This is very common, in the present day among the children of the Sunday Schools.
the little Negro Chisdren, which first struck us so forcibly, as caused us at once to embark in the work of collecting and teaching the Young Slaves; and we now look back with pleasure to the time, when we commenced with the hearty co-operation of this good old man. Henry was also the most active in raising up Bethesda School-House, when first built with wattles and mud, and covered with thatch: at every opportunity, he would go into the woods, and cut materials for the purpose, and bring them home; he became a Teacher in this School, and gave his attendance as long as he was able. He was remarkable for Patience under sufferings, and Forbearance and readiness to forgive injuries. On one occasion, when he had suffered wrongfully, he met his Daughter-in-law, who wept on his account: he bade her not to weep—that his Saviour had suffered the same for him; and declared he felt nothing but pity toward his injurer, and sincerely prayed that the Lord would have mercy on him. Another striking trait in his character was Charity. He was industrious and frugal; and always had a little, where with to help the distressed; when any of the Slaves, on his or other estates near, were in trouble or want, he would visit them, and administer comfort to their minds ; and, at the same time, put some small money into their hands. Since his death, some of the Slaves to windward have told Mrs. Thwaites, that, though they lived at a distance, they used to go to him to settle their disputes, and ask his counsel. June 17, 1821. Sunday.—As soon as the children were dismissed at Bethesda, two Coloured Young Women (Slaves), who had been excluded for forming illicit connections, came to Mrs. Thwaites, bewailing their de; parture from the paths of virtue, and expressing a sincere desire to save their souls. The instructions which they had received, had been like bread cast upon the waters: they were never at ease in sin. On inquiry, it was found that one of them had not left the man's house with whom she had lived, though she was anxious to do so; her relations, unwilling that she should lose her sinful gains, were all up in arms against her; and her own Mother, of whom we had hoped better things, refused her a home ! We have often cause to be thus grieved and discouraged, with respect to the rising generation. June 18, 1821.-Another of our poor outcasts (Coloured) from Bethesda School, came to us early in the morning, deeply convinced of her sin. She shed many tears. She was encouraged to bring her load of guilt and trouble to a compassionate Saviour, who would have mercy on her. She was a very interesting girl; and was once much attached to us and to the School, and was very promising: but, alas! she was situaled as a lamb among tigers, who had absolute power over her. June 19. — Mrs. Thwaites and I went to see the relations of the YoungWoman mentioned on Sunday last. On assembling them, they all were shameless enough to avow their wish that the girl should continue with the man, who had said he would purchase her freedom when it should be in his power. The young woman had mentioned this to Mrs. Thwaites; adding, that though liberty was sweet, she did not wish to have her’s upon such terms. We took such steps as we trust will help her effectually out of her present embarrassments. June 24, Sunday.— Mrs. Thwaites having heard that a Young Couple, who grew up and married at Bethesda, had disagreed, requested all the married people belonging to the School to attend, that she might give them a little advice, which she hoped would tend to promote conjugal af. fection. She took them into the Visitor's house : some of these truly fear God: several lovely little ones were in their mothers' arms. These,
we trust, will be a seed to serve Him, in their day and generation. The scene excited our grateful feelings. June 30. — On making particular inquiry among the Young People, this evening, into the state of their minds, we found much cause for thankfulness. They seemed alive to their spiritual concerns. Involuntary tears ran down the cheeks of some, whose hearts seemed full of feeling. July 3.-At Lynch's, we received 37 New Scholars, making about 80 Adults. The house becoming too small, we found it necessary to remove the men to another place. When the children were dismissed, many of them came in search of their mothers and grandmothers, who seemed delighted at the idea of being taught in their leisure hours by their own little ones. The meeting was very pleasing: the women appeared in earnest to learn to read : and joined heartily in singing, and in prayer for God's blessing upon the undertaking. None are admitted to the Adult School, but those who are moral and married. Some of the men think the terms of admission hard ; but we are determined not to relax. ... We see and feel the necessity of discountenancing, in every possible way, the reigning vices of the country : even at Lynch's, where the Slaves are in general more enlightened, are men living in polygamy. July 14.—Had a meeting, in the evening, with those of our Young People, whom we have reason to believe have a work of grace begun in their hearts. The mother of one of them, who herself has lately been brought to know her Saviour, told Mrs. Thwaites, to use her own expression, “He often counsels with me about God's Word.” Most of the others present appeared to be earnestly seeking the salvation of their souls. Aug. 9.-We visited a sick Young Woman, belonging to the School at Lynch's; who has, for some time, been under deep concern for her soul. We found her earnestly desiring the pardon of her sins; and directed her therefore to the atoning blood of Christ. She had been reading the fourteenth Chapter of St. John, and had derived some encouragement from the first verse. As she was not expected to recover, she was asked whether she felt any anxiety on that account: she replied that she had no trouble, but for her soul. She was much in earnest during the time of prayer. -
We afterward called to see another of our Scholars, who had been taken very ill the night before. His parents had informed us that his pains were so violent, that they did not expect he would live till the morning; and that he had called for his Testament, and opened at the Third Chapter of St. John, which he began to read aloud, and when he came to these words, Jesus answered and said unto him, serity, verisy, I say unto thee, ercept a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God, he burst into tears, and said “Lord, am I born again? Am I a Christian Make me a Christian " He read no more ; but continued praying ; and begged he might be spared till next day, when he hoped to obtain mercy. iie is recovering, and we trust his good impressions wiłł last.
Aug. 12, 1821, Sunday.—At Bethesda, Mrs. Thwaites heard an affecting account of one of our Young Women. On Thursday last, we had visited her father, a pious old man, who told us that his daughter was at variance with her husband, and that he had endeavoured in vain to make peace between them : he was much grieved, as was his wife; and begged we would speak to her. We did so, but she seemed implacable; and we left the place much disappointed with respect to her. Last night, her father called a few of his praying friends (communicants) together, to pray for this daughter, that it would please God to soften her heart. She did not join
them ; but, her house being near, she heard what passed—that her father prayed and wept, till he had fallen on his face in the agony of his grief. She could bear up no longer, but ran into the house, raised him up, and fell upon her knees, and with many tears asked pardon of God and of him. Aug. 19, Sunday.—After the meeting at Lynch's to read the Scriptures,
I visited Judy Quack, who is very ill
with the measles. On Friday night, she thought herself near her end ; and, being too sick to read herself, she seni for two of her school-fellows who lived near, to read the Testament to her. I found her very ill; but in a happy state of mind, and her mouth filled with the praises of God. Wishing to know the ground of her rejoicing, I asked her whether she had felt herself a sinner: she replied, she had ; but that God, for Christ's sake, had pardoned all her sins, and that His love was shed abroad in her heart. She expressed much thankfulness to God for placing her under religious instruction ; and prayed for His blessing upon her Teachers, and that they might see much fruit of their labours. She went on in such a pleasing strain, that I would have stayed longer, but she seemed in much pain. I therefore offered up a short prayer, during which she was very fervent, and took my leave. Judy has been mentioned before : see June 16, 1818*. She has grown up modest and chaste, and much esteemed by all. We cannot but rejoice over her; she has been but a poor field girl. She was made a Sub-teacher, some time ago Aug. 29.-Received a Letter from St. John's, which gave us an account of Eliza Williams's death. Eliza joined the Hope School about six years ago; but, having been hired by a Lady residing in St. John's, she removed to that place. As her mother and the rest of the family belong to Lynch's estate, she generally visited them once a fortnight, and had her
• S. e. p. 355 of the Proceedings of the Nineteenth tal.