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West-Africa Mission, in the words of Mr. During, at the close of the year:- -
How little did we think, three or four years ago, that we should see such days in Africa! Many have been the trials, which the Society's servants and the Mission at large have laboured under, but all are richly rewarded. Every Mission has had its peculiar difficulty; yet where is there one that has tried more than this, the faith of successive Labourers, and of a large Community of Christians?—and that for a period of at least sixteen years! But it is certain, where the Lord has a great work to be done, those whom he has chosen as the instruments must be tried ; and, in such a manner, that, in the end, His glory will appear most conspicuous. This I firmly believe to be the case now with us. - -
The arrival of His Excellency the Governor, from his visit home, contributed not a little to place the improvement of the people in its just light. So long as we are daily spectators of things around us, gradual improvements do not strike us.
It remains no longer dubious, whether our endeavours have been successful: it has pleased God to bless them very remarkably. When you have read all the communications respecting every thing that has occurred here, you will rejoice with us, and thank the Lord our God for the great things which He has done for us, and that our labour has not been in vain.
The principal events connected with the Mediterranean Mission, up to the period of Mr. Jowett's return to England, were fully detailed in the last Report. - Many deliberations were held with Mr. Jowett while in this country, on the most promising means of carrying the Society's plans into effect; and the Committee cannot but anticipate, under the Divine Blessing, the most beneficial results to the spiritual welfare of the people for whom he labours. -
Dr. Naudi has been employed on the translation into Italian of an English Commentary on the Scriptures; and Giuseppe Cannolo, the translator of the Scriptures into Maltese, has proceeded in the Old Testament as far as the end of the First Book of Chronicles.
The Gospel of St. John, in Maltese and English, in parallel columns, has been printed in this country:
and copies sent to Malta for distribution, at present chiefly among persons capable of forming a judgment of the Maltese, in order to the rendering of the translation as perfect as practicable. y On the subject of this Mission, so increasingly interesting to all who long for the repairing of those desolations which have been spread over the Ancient Christian Churches, the Committee refer the Members to the Volume of “Christian Researches in the Mediterranean,” stated in the last Report to be in preparation: it was left by Mr. Jowett for the press, and has just appeared. From the time of Mr. Jowett's arrival in the Mediterranean in the year 1815, to his departure on his visit home in the year 1820, he assiduously employed himself in collecting materials, for laying such information before the Society respecting the scene of his labours, as might serve both to stimulate and direct its future exertions. - : The communications from him which have been already made public, have awakened great interest in the revival of those Ancient Churches, through which we ourselves received the Lively Oracles of God; not only for their own sake, but with the hope of their becoming efficient Labourers, in the conversion of Ma homedans and Heathens. Besides these communications, a large collection of materials has been accumulated, no part of which has been laid before the Society. From all these, Mr. Jowett has prepared the Volume in question, which cannot fail, under the Divine Blessing, of greatly strengthening and extending the interest already taken in this Mission. - An extract from an Advertisement which the Committee have prefixed to this Volume, will explain to the Members the nature and value of its contents":—
... The chief Contents of this Volume are here subjoined, as they will show the wide field of Research which has been entered on
__STATE OF CHRISTIANS, JEWS, AND MAHOMEDANS ROUND THE MEDITERRANEAN ... Christians: Four principal classes of Professed Christians—the Superstitious, the Hypo:
- - tical,
During the five years of Mr. Jowett's absence, he had been resident o Malta; but he had spent a considerable time in Corfu, and had twice visited Egypt and some parts of Greece.
The result of this visit to the Mediterranean has justified the .
expectation which the Committee had formed of its probable utility. Besides many incidental benefits, arising from measures taken by Mr. Jowett or other friends of the Society, and now
tical, the Covert Infidel, the Sincere Inquirer. Latins. Greeks : Doctrines—Discipline—Public Worship—Domestic Devotion-Funeral Services—Greeks at Corfu, at Smyrna, at Haivali, at Scio, at Athens, at Hydra, at Milo. Coptic Christians and others in Egypt : Predominance of the Coptic Church—Oppressions suffered by the Coptic Church—Copts and others at Alexandria, at Rosetta, at Cairo, in Upper Egypt-Scriptural Illustrations. Abyssinians : Early and continued Establishment of Christianity—Dependence on the Coptic Patriarch—Ancient Confession of Faith, by Chaudius, Emperor of Abyssinia–Modern Creed of the Abyssinian Church-Ethiopic Scriptures—Amharic Version of the Scriptures—Tigré Version of the Scriptures—On the Encouragement of Abyssinian Learning— Thoughts on a Mission to Abyssinia. Jews: their State and Opinions—Qualifications of those who would attempt their Conversion: 1. To understand, experimentally, the root of Jewish Error and Unbelief; 2. A peculiar Line of Study. MAHomebans : Causes of the continued Prevalence of Mahomedanism; 1. Ignorance of the Human Heart; 2. Want of right Moral Feeling; 3. Vices of the Creed and Climates; 4. Despotism; 5. Cumming, Fraud, and Extortion—Causes of the continued Depression of Christianity in Mahomedan Countries: 1. Ignorance; 2. Declension from Fundamental Doctrine; 3. Intolerance; 4. Schisms and Feuds; 5. Superstitious and Idolatrous Customs—Christian Renegadoes. MEASURES for extending the Influence of Christianity among the various Bodies of Men connected with the Mediterranean—l. Preaching; 2. Circulation of the Scriptures; 3. Education; 4. The Press; 5. Use of the Vernacular Tongues in Worship; 6. Correspondence between the Eastern and Western Churches. CONCLUDING REMARKS AND SUGGESTIONS.–Characteristics of a Mission to the Mediterranean : 1. Wide extent of Country to which it gives access ; 2, State of Languages; 3. Diversity of National Circumstances and Character; 4. Variety of Creeds and Opinions; 5. The near Approximation of certain Errors to the Truth; 6. The Religious Prepossessions of the great body of the People ; 7. The large proportion of Cultivated Mind; 8. The Circumstances under which Missionaries are viewed.—New Stations suggested : 1. Gibraltar; 2. Ionian Islands; 3. Constantinople; 4. Smyrna and the Greek Islands; 5. Aleppo; 6. Beirout; 7.Jerusalem; 8.Cairo; 9. Abyssinia; 10.Barbary States. —Advantages of Malta—Requisite Qualifications of Christian Labourers : 1. Enlightened Piety, implying Habitual Conscientiousness and Fidelity toward God, and a feeling of Supreme Enjoyment in the Service of God; 2. Natural Endowments, as a Spirit of Enterprise, Inventive Talent, Sound Judgment, a Talent for Conversation, and Competent Learning.—Concluding Appeal.
in successful progress, the Committee are in possession of materials, which will enable them with greater precision to choose their future path, and by which the minds of British Christians may be excited to survey with increasing interest the varied Tribes and Nations connected with these internal seas.
A part of these materials, Mr. Jowett has, during his visit home, made the ground-work of the present Volume; the chief
art of which is occupied in tracing the condition of the dif
#. bodies of men connected with the Mediterranean, according to their respective religious professions, as Christians, Jews, and Mahomedans; while, in conclusion, such Measures are suggested, and such Remarks offered, as seemed to the Author best adapted to promote the great purpose of the Society.
It is not professed to enter at large, in this Volume, into the opinions and habits of the several bodies of men here noticed, or to present a full view of any one of them; but merely to state such Facts respecting their condition as came within the knowledge of the Writer, or have been derived from authentic sources, adding such remarks as have arisen thereon in his own mind.
Many of these remarks he would have considered in no higher light, than as hints for further Research. It seems to be in this way chiefly, that a thorough knowledge of the state of men and manners in different countries is to be attained. Recording Facts as they present themselves, and the reflections that arise from them at the time—afterward confirming or modifying these views, as a further acquaintance with Facts may direct us—this is the true Spirit of Research; and on the prosecution of this system depend mainly the accuracy and the extent of our knowledge.
: The Journal of the Rev. James Connor is subjoined to the
Researches of Mr. Jowett. It has already appeared in the Missionary Register for 1820, but is reprinted in the present Volume, in order to bring together into one view all the chief information which the Society has hitherto obtained relative to this field of its labours.
Mr. Jowett's account of the Greeks, and especially of their Colleges at Haivali and Scio, which he visited in 1818, will be read with melancholy feelings; when it is recollected that these promising Establishments have been swept away by the furious torrent which has overwhelmed the Greek Nation, and their able and zealous Professors murdered or driven from their country. - - . The arrival of Mr. Jowett and his family at Mar
seilles, on his return to Malta, has been before stated”.
In these countries, rendered memorable by the greatest Moral Movements in the History of Mankind—the establish
ment of Christianity, the Dispersion of the Jewish People, and
* Intelligence has been received, since the Amiversary, of their safe arrival at Malta on the 27th of April. -