« IndietroContinua »
So many editions of SALLUST and CICERO have already been published for the use of schools, that any addition to the number may be thought superfluous. It has, however, frequently occurred to me, that the four beautiful Orations against Catiline, if read in immediate connection with Sallust's account of his conspiracy, would increase the interest of the narrative itself, and receive, at the same time, a degree of illustration in turn. Under this impression, the present volume has been prepared: in which the Jugurthine War is appended without notes; as it may fairly be presumed that by the time the student enters upon it, such assistance will have become comparatively unnecessary.
I have kept the same object in view both in this publication, and in the EXCERPTA EX OVIDIO; viz. to ground the learner thoroughly in the fundamentals of the Latin language, in order to a complete and familiar acquaintance with it. In the Introduction to the Excerpta ample rules will be found for construing and parsing, which it is therefore needless to repeat. It may be adviseable to
notice, however, a peculiarity of construction for which Sallust is remarkable, as well as for the constant omission of conjunctions, particles, and the verb substantive, in common with the historians generally, and some other writers; I mean the use of the infinitive mood, instead of the indicative. Instances of this usage are frequently pointed out in the notes; and it is to be observed, that in all these cases, the verb is to follow the nominative case precisely in the same way as in ordinary sentences, though it is supposed to depend upon incipiebat understood. Still it is by diligent parsing alone that an accurate acquaintance with Latin, and all its idioms, can be acquired; and it will not therefore be amiss to subjoin an elementary praxis, which may serve as a guide in this essential exercise. The passage selected for analysis is the former part of the fifth section, which commences the actual narrative; and the words are arranged in the English order, as each word depends upon that which precedes it in the
Lucius Catilina, natus nobili genere, fuit (vir) magnâ vi et animi et corporis, sed ingenio malo pras voque. Intestina bella, (et) cædes, (et) rapinæ, (et) civilis discordia, fuere grata (negotia) huic ab adolescentiâ ibique exercuit suam juventutem. Corpus (ejus fuit) patiens inediæ, (et) algoris, (et) vigiliæ, supra quàm est credibile cuiquam: animus (ejus fuit) audax, (et) subdolus, (et) varius: (ipse fuit) simulator ac dissimulator cujuslibet rei: appetens alieni (et) profusus sui (negotii: et) ardens in cupiditatibus: (ei fuit) satis eloquentiæ, (sed) parum sapientiæ: vastus ani
mus (ejus) semper cupiebat immoderata, (et) incredibilia, (et) nimis alta (negotia).
Lucius (2. decl.) Catilina (1. decl.) pr. n. Nominative case to the verb fuit.-Natus, part. perf. of vb. dep. 3. conj. nascor, nasceris, or ere, natus sum, &c. [Rule, Verba in or, &c.] Nom. sing. masc. to agree with Catilina. [Rule, Adjectiva, participia, &c.]-Nobili, adj. 2. term. from nobilis, e. [Rule, Sub gemina, &c.] Abl. sing. neut. to agree with genere. [Rule, Adjectiva, participia, &c.]-Genere, noun subst. 3. decl. from genus, eris. [Rule, Est neutrale, &c.] Abl. sing. governed by natus. [Rule, Natus, prognatus, &c.]-Fuit, verb subst. from Sum, es, fui, &c. [Rule, Sum, fui, habet.] Perf. 3. sing. to agree with its nominative, Catilina. [Rule, Verbum personale, &c.]-Magná, adj. 3. term. from magnus, ́a, um. [Rule, At si tres, &c.] Abl. sing. fem. to agree with the substantive vi. [Rule, Adjectiva, participia, &c.]-Vi, noun subst. fem. 3. decl. from vis, vis, vim, vi. [Rules, Nomen non crescens, &c.; Integra vox vis, &c.] Ablative of the quality. See note. [Rule, Adjectivum in neutro genere, &c.]—Et, conj.Animi, noun subst. m. 2. decl. from animus, i. [Rule, In us quoque mascula, &c.] Gen. sing. latter of two substantives. [Rule, Cum duo substantiva, &c.]-Et, conj.-Corporis, noun subst. n. 3. decl. from corpus, oris. [Rule, Est neutrale, &c.] Gen. sing. coupled by et with animi. [Rule, Conjunctiones copulative, &c.]-Sed, conj.-Ingenio, noun subst. n. 2. decl. from ingenium, i. [Rule, Omne quod exit in um, &c.] Abl. case, coupled by sed with vi. [Rule, Conjunctiones, &c.]-Malo, adj. 3. term. from malus, a, um. [Rule, At si tres, &c.] Abl. sing. n. to agree with ingenio. [Rule, Adjectiva, participia, &c.]-Que, conj. Pravo, adj. 3. term. from pravus, a, um. [Rule, At si tres, &c.] Abl. sing. n. coupled by que with malo. [Rule, Conjunctiones, &c.]—Intestina, adj. 3. term. from intestinus, a, um. [Rule, At si tres, &c.] Nom. pl. n. to agree with bella. [Rule,